Abstract

Based on optical transformation theory, an anistropic but homogeneous shifting medium is proposed to make multiple objects with the same shape appear as only one. Potential applications, e.g., enhancing the signal strength of current plane antennas and antenna arrays, are discussed in detail. Illusion optics, e.g., turning a spoon into a cup with an isotropic and homogeneous antiobject and a dielectric cup, is investigated. Such a homogeneous shifting medium can be extended to design an antiobject-independent external cloak. Finite element simulations for two-dimensional cases have been performed to demonstrate these properties.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  5. D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314, 977–980 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. R. Liu, C. Ji, J. J. Mock, J. Y. Chin, T. J. Cui, and D. R. Smith, “Broadband ground-plane cloak,” Science 323, 366–369 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. J. Valentine, J. Li, T. Zentgraf, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “An optical cloak made of dielectrics,” Nat. Mater. 8, 568–571 (2009).
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  8. L. H. Gabrielli, J. Cardenas, C. Poitras, and M. Lipson, “Silicon nanostructure cloak operating at optical frequencies,” Nat. Photon. 3, 461–463 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. B. L. Zhang, H. S. Chen, B.-I. Wu, and J. A. Kong, “Extraordinary surface voltage effect in the invisibility cloak with an active device inside,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 063904 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. Z. Ruan, M. Yan, C. W. Neff, and M. Qiu, “Ideal cylindrical cloak: perfect but sensitive to tiny perturbations,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 113903 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. C. W. Qiu, L. Hu, X. Xu, and Y. Feng, “Spherical cloaking with homogeneous isotropic multilayered structures,” Phys. Rev. E 79, 047602 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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  23. Z. Liang, P. Yao, X. Sun, and X. Jiang, “The physical picture and the essential elements of the dynamical process for dispersive cloaking structures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 131118 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  24. J. Guang, W. Li, Z. Sun, and W. Wang, “Visually moving objects to an arbitrary distance by a simple shifting cloak,” arXiv:1005.5205 (2010).
  25. W. Li, J. G. Guan, Z. G. Sun, W. Wang, and Q. J. Zhang, “A near-perfect invisibility cloak constructed with homogeneous materials,” Opt. Express 17, 23410–23416 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  26. M. Rahm, D. Schurig, D. A. Roberts, S. A. Cummer, D. R. Smith, and J. B. Pendry, “Design of electromagnetic cloaks and concentrators using form-invariant coordinate transformations of Maxwell’s equations,” Photon. Nanostr. Fundam. Appl. 6, 87–95 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  27. W. X. Jiang, T. J. Cui, G. X. Yu, X. Lin, Q. Cheng, and J. Y. Chin, “Arbitrarily elliptical-cylindrical invisible cloaking,” J. Phys. D 41, 085504 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  28. C. Li, K. Yao, and F. Li, “Two-dimensional electromagnetic cloaks with non-conformal inner and outer boundaries,” Opt. Express 16, 19366–19374 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  29. T. Han, C. W. Oiu, and X. H. Tang, “The general two-dimensional open-closed cloak with tunable inherent discontinuity and directional communication,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 124104 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  30. Y. Lai, H. Y. Chen, Z. Q. Zhang, and C. T. Chan, “Complementary media invisibility cloak that cloaks objects at a distance outside the cloaking shell,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 093901 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  31. T. Yang, H. Y. Chen, X. Luo, and H. Ma, “Superscatterer: enhancement of scattering with complementary media,” Opt. Express 16, 18545–18550 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  32. J. Ng, H. Y. Chen, and C. T. Chan, “Metamaterial frequency-selective superabsorber,” Opt. Lett. 34, 644–646 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  33. H. Y. Chen, X. Zhang, X. Luo, H. Ma, and C. T. Chan, “Reshaping the perfect electrical conductor cylinder arbitrarily,” New J. Phys. 10, 113016 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  34. X. Luo, T. Yang, Y. Guo, H. Y. Chen, and H. Ma, “Conceal an entrance by means of superscatterer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 223513 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  35. J. Zhang, Y. Luo, H. Chen, J. Huangfu, B. I. Wu, L. Ran, and J. Kong, “Guiding waves through an invisible tunnel,” Opt. Express 17, 6203–6208 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  36. X. Zang and C. Jiang, “Two-dimensional electromagnetic superscatterer and superabsorber,” Opt. Express 18, 6891–6899(2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  37. T. C. Han, X. H. Tang, and F. Xiao, “External cloak with homogeneous material,” J. Phys. D 42, 235403 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  38. E. Cojocaru, “Exact analytical approaches for elliptic cylindrical invisibility cloaks,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26, 1119–1123 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  39. W. Li, J. G. Guan, W. Wang, Z. G. Sun, and Z. Y. Fu, “A general cloak to shift the scattering of different objects,” J. Phys. D 43, 245102 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  40. T. C. Han, C. W. Qiu, and X. H. Tang, “Distributed external cloak without embedded antiobjects,” Opt. Lett. 35, 2642–2644(2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  41. K. Wu and G. P. Wang, “General insight into the complementary medium-based camouflage devices from Fourier optics,” Opt. Lett. 35, 2242–2244 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  42. Y. Lai, J. Ng, H. Y. Chen, D. Han, J. Xiao, Z. Zhang, and C. T. Chan, “Illusion optics: the optical transformation of an object into another object,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 253902(2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  43. Y. Xu, S. Du, L. Gao, and H. Chen, “Overlapped illusion optics: a perfect lens brings a brighter feature,” New J. Phys. 13, 023010 (2011).
    [CrossRef]

2011 (2)

Y. Xu, S. Du, L. Gao, and H. Chen, “Overlapped illusion optics: a perfect lens brings a brighter feature,” New J. Phys. 13, 023010 (2011).
[CrossRef]

L. Huang, D.- M. Zhou, J. Wang, Z. Li, X. Chen, and W. Lu, “Generalized transformation for nonmagnetic invisibility cloak with minimized scattering,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 28, 922–928(2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (9)

C. Li, X. Meng, X. Liu, F. Li, G. Fan, H. Y. Chen, and C. T. Chan, “Experimental realization of a circuit-based broadband illusion-optics analogue,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 233906 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Y. Chen, C. T. Chan, and P. Shen, “Transformation optics and metamaterials,” Nat. Mater. 9, 387–396 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Luo and S. Z. Zhu, “Design of electromagnetic cloaks with the same scattering patterns of a reduced perfect electric conducting line or ring,” Phys. Rev. E 82, 036606 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Han, C. W. Oiu, and X. H. Tang, “The general two-dimensional open-closed cloak with tunable inherent discontinuity and directional communication,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 124104 (2010).
[CrossRef]

W. Li, J. G. Guan, W. Wang, Z. G. Sun, and Z. Y. Fu, “A general cloak to shift the scattering of different objects,” J. Phys. D 43, 245102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

X. Zang and C. Jiang, “Two-dimensional electromagnetic superscatterer and superabsorber,” Opt. Express 18, 6891–6899(2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Wu and G. P. Wang, “General insight into the complementary medium-based camouflage devices from Fourier optics,” Opt. Lett. 35, 2242–2244 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. C. Han, C. W. Qiu, and X. H. Tang, “Distributed external cloak without embedded antiobjects,” Opt. Lett. 35, 2642–2644(2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Zhang, Q. Wu, F.-Y. Meng, and L.-W. Li, “Arbitrary waveguide connector based on embedded optical transformation,” Opt. Express 18, 17273–17279 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (16)

J. Ng, H. Y. Chen, and C. T. Chan, “Metamaterial frequency-selective superabsorber,” Opt. Lett. 34, 644–646 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Zhang, Y. Luo, H. Chen, J. Huangfu, B. I. Wu, L. Ran, and J. Kong, “Guiding waves through an invisible tunnel,” Opt. Express 17, 6203–6208 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Cojocaru, “Exact analytical approaches for elliptic cylindrical invisibility cloaks,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26, 1119–1123 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. Blanchard, B. I. Wu, J. A. Portí, H. Chen, B. Zhang, J. A. Morente, and A. Salinas, “Response of dispersive cylindrical cloaks to a nonmonochromatic plane wave,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26, 2117–2124 (2009).
[CrossRef]

W. Li, J. G. Guan, Z. G. Sun, W. Wang, and Q. J. Zhang, “A near-perfect invisibility cloak constructed with homogeneous materials,” Opt. Express 17, 23410–23416 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. Lai, J. Ng, H. Y. Chen, D. Han, J. Xiao, Z. Zhang, and C. T. Chan, “Illusion optics: the optical transformation of an object into another object,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 253902(2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Luo, T. Yang, Y. Guo, H. Y. Chen, and H. Ma, “Conceal an entrance by means of superscatterer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 223513 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. C. Han, X. H. Tang, and F. Xiao, “External cloak with homogeneous material,” J. Phys. D 42, 235403 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. Lai, H. Y. Chen, Z. Q. Zhang, and C. T. Chan, “Complementary media invisibility cloak that cloaks objects at a distance outside the cloaking shell,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 093901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. W. Qiu, L. Hu, X. Xu, and Y. Feng, “Spherical cloaking with homogeneous isotropic multilayered structures,” Phys. Rev. E 79, 047602 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Qiu, A. Novitsky, H. Ma, and S. Qu, “Electromagnetic interaction of arbitrary radial-dependent anisotropic spheres and improved invisibility for nonlinear-transformation-based cloaks,” Phys. Rev. E 80, 016604 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Hu, X. M. Zhou, and G. K. Hu, “Nonsingular two dimensional cloak of arbitrary shape,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 011107 (2009).
[CrossRef]

R. Liu, C. Ji, J. J. Mock, J. Y. Chin, T. J. Cui, and D. R. Smith, “Broadband ground-plane cloak,” Science 323, 366–369 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Valentine, J. Li, T. Zentgraf, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “An optical cloak made of dielectrics,” Nat. Mater. 8, 568–571 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. H. Gabrielli, J. Cardenas, C. Poitras, and M. Lipson, “Silicon nanostructure cloak operating at optical frequencies,” Nat. Photon. 3, 461–463 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Kadic, S. Guenneau, and S. Enoch, “Ultrabroadband elastic cloaking in thin plates,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 024301 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (9)

P. Zhang, Y. Jin, and S. He, “Obtaining a nonsingular two-dimensional cloak of complex shape from a perfect three-dimensional cloak,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 243502 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Ma, S. Qu, Z. Xu, J. Zhang, B. Chen, and J. Wang, “Material parameter equation for elliptical cylindrical cloaks,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 013825 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Z. Liang, P. Yao, X. Sun, and X. Jiang, “The physical picture and the essential elements of the dynamical process for dispersive cloaking structures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 131118 (2008).
[CrossRef]

B. L. Zhang, H. S. Chen, B.-I. Wu, and J. A. Kong, “Extraordinary surface voltage effect in the invisibility cloak with an active device inside,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 063904 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Y. Chen, X. Zhang, X. Luo, H. Ma, and C. T. Chan, “Reshaping the perfect electrical conductor cylinder arbitrarily,” New J. Phys. 10, 113016 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Rahm, D. Schurig, D. A. Roberts, S. A. Cummer, D. R. Smith, and J. B. Pendry, “Design of electromagnetic cloaks and concentrators using form-invariant coordinate transformations of Maxwell’s equations,” Photon. Nanostr. Fundam. Appl. 6, 87–95 (2008).
[CrossRef]

W. X. Jiang, T. J. Cui, G. X. Yu, X. Lin, Q. Cheng, and J. Y. Chin, “Arbitrarily elliptical-cylindrical invisible cloaking,” J. Phys. D 41, 085504 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Yang, H. Y. Chen, X. Luo, and H. Ma, “Superscatterer: enhancement of scattering with complementary media,” Opt. Express 16, 18545–18550 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Li, K. Yao, and F. Li, “Two-dimensional electromagnetic cloaks with non-conformal inner and outer boundaries,” Opt. Express 16, 19366–19374 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

Z. Ruan, M. Yan, C. W. Neff, and M. Qiu, “Ideal cylindrical cloak: perfect but sensitive to tiny perturbations,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 113903 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Cai, U. Chettiar, A. Kildishev, and V. Shalaev, “Optical cloaking with metamaterials,” Nat. Photon. 1, 224–227 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (4)

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314, 977–980 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, “Controlling electromagnetic fields,” Science 312, 1780–1782 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

U. Leonhardt, “Optical Conformal mapping,” Science 312, 1777–1780 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. A. Cummer, B. I. Popa, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, “Full-wave simulations of electromagnetic cloaking structures,” Phys. Rev. E 74, 036621 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bartal, G.

J. Valentine, J. Li, T. Zentgraf, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “An optical cloak made of dielectrics,” Nat. Mater. 8, 568–571 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Blanchard, C.

Cai, W.

W. Cai, U. Chettiar, A. Kildishev, and V. Shalaev, “Optical cloaking with metamaterials,” Nat. Photon. 1, 224–227 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Cardenas, J.

L. H. Gabrielli, J. Cardenas, C. Poitras, and M. Lipson, “Silicon nanostructure cloak operating at optical frequencies,” Nat. Photon. 3, 461–463 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chan, C. T.

C. Li, X. Meng, X. Liu, F. Li, G. Fan, H. Y. Chen, and C. T. Chan, “Experimental realization of a circuit-based broadband illusion-optics analogue,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 233906 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Y. Chen, C. T. Chan, and P. Shen, “Transformation optics and metamaterials,” Nat. Mater. 9, 387–396 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Ng, H. Y. Chen, and C. T. Chan, “Metamaterial frequency-selective superabsorber,” Opt. Lett. 34, 644–646 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Lai, J. Ng, H. Y. Chen, D. Han, J. Xiao, Z. Zhang, and C. T. Chan, “Illusion optics: the optical transformation of an object into another object,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 253902(2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Lai, H. Y. Chen, Z. Q. Zhang, and C. T. Chan, “Complementary media invisibility cloak that cloaks objects at a distance outside the cloaking shell,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 093901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Y. Chen, X. Zhang, X. Luo, H. Ma, and C. T. Chan, “Reshaping the perfect electrical conductor cylinder arbitrarily,” New J. Phys. 10, 113016 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chen, B.

H. Ma, S. Qu, Z. Xu, J. Zhang, B. Chen, and J. Wang, “Material parameter equation for elliptical cylindrical cloaks,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 013825 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chen, H.

Chen, H. S.

B. L. Zhang, H. S. Chen, B.-I. Wu, and J. A. Kong, “Extraordinary surface voltage effect in the invisibility cloak with an active device inside,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 063904 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, H. Y.

C. Li, X. Meng, X. Liu, F. Li, G. Fan, H. Y. Chen, and C. T. Chan, “Experimental realization of a circuit-based broadband illusion-optics analogue,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 233906 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Y. Chen, C. T. Chan, and P. Shen, “Transformation optics and metamaterials,” Nat. Mater. 9, 387–396 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Ng, H. Y. Chen, and C. T. Chan, “Metamaterial frequency-selective superabsorber,” Opt. Lett. 34, 644–646 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Lai, J. Ng, H. Y. Chen, D. Han, J. Xiao, Z. Zhang, and C. T. Chan, “Illusion optics: the optical transformation of an object into another object,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 253902(2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Lai, H. Y. Chen, Z. Q. Zhang, and C. T. Chan, “Complementary media invisibility cloak that cloaks objects at a distance outside the cloaking shell,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 093901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Luo, T. Yang, Y. Guo, H. Y. Chen, and H. Ma, “Conceal an entrance by means of superscatterer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 223513 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Yang, H. Y. Chen, X. Luo, and H. Ma, “Superscatterer: enhancement of scattering with complementary media,” Opt. Express 16, 18545–18550 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Y. Chen, X. Zhang, X. Luo, H. Ma, and C. T. Chan, “Reshaping the perfect electrical conductor cylinder arbitrarily,” New J. Phys. 10, 113016 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chen, X.

Cheng, Q.

W. X. Jiang, T. J. Cui, G. X. Yu, X. Lin, Q. Cheng, and J. Y. Chin, “Arbitrarily elliptical-cylindrical invisible cloaking,” J. Phys. D 41, 085504 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chettiar, U.

W. Cai, U. Chettiar, A. Kildishev, and V. Shalaev, “Optical cloaking with metamaterials,” Nat. Photon. 1, 224–227 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chin, J. Y.

R. Liu, C. Ji, J. J. Mock, J. Y. Chin, T. J. Cui, and D. R. Smith, “Broadband ground-plane cloak,” Science 323, 366–369 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. X. Jiang, T. J. Cui, G. X. Yu, X. Lin, Q. Cheng, and J. Y. Chin, “Arbitrarily elliptical-cylindrical invisible cloaking,” J. Phys. D 41, 085504 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Cojocaru, E.

Cui, T. J.

R. Liu, C. Ji, J. J. Mock, J. Y. Chin, T. J. Cui, and D. R. Smith, “Broadband ground-plane cloak,” Science 323, 366–369 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. X. Jiang, T. J. Cui, G. X. Yu, X. Lin, Q. Cheng, and J. Y. Chin, “Arbitrarily elliptical-cylindrical invisible cloaking,” J. Phys. D 41, 085504 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Cummer, S. A.

M. Rahm, D. Schurig, D. A. Roberts, S. A. Cummer, D. R. Smith, and J. B. Pendry, “Design of electromagnetic cloaks and concentrators using form-invariant coordinate transformations of Maxwell’s equations,” Photon. Nanostr. Fundam. Appl. 6, 87–95 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Cummer, B. I. Popa, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, “Full-wave simulations of electromagnetic cloaking structures,” Phys. Rev. E 74, 036621 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314, 977–980 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Du, S.

Y. Xu, S. Du, L. Gao, and H. Chen, “Overlapped illusion optics: a perfect lens brings a brighter feature,” New J. Phys. 13, 023010 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Enoch, S.

M. Kadic, S. Guenneau, and S. Enoch, “Ultrabroadband elastic cloaking in thin plates,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 024301 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Fan, G.

C. Li, X. Meng, X. Liu, F. Li, G. Fan, H. Y. Chen, and C. T. Chan, “Experimental realization of a circuit-based broadband illusion-optics analogue,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 233906 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Feng, Y.

C. W. Qiu, L. Hu, X. Xu, and Y. Feng, “Spherical cloaking with homogeneous isotropic multilayered structures,” Phys. Rev. E 79, 047602 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Fu, Z. Y.

W. Li, J. G. Guan, W. Wang, Z. G. Sun, and Z. Y. Fu, “A general cloak to shift the scattering of different objects,” J. Phys. D 43, 245102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Gabrielli, L. H.

L. H. Gabrielli, J. Cardenas, C. Poitras, and M. Lipson, “Silicon nanostructure cloak operating at optical frequencies,” Nat. Photon. 3, 461–463 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Gao, L.

Y. Xu, S. Du, L. Gao, and H. Chen, “Overlapped illusion optics: a perfect lens brings a brighter feature,” New J. Phys. 13, 023010 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Guan, J. G.

W. Li, J. G. Guan, W. Wang, Z. G. Sun, and Z. Y. Fu, “A general cloak to shift the scattering of different objects,” J. Phys. D 43, 245102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

W. Li, J. G. Guan, Z. G. Sun, W. Wang, and Q. J. Zhang, “A near-perfect invisibility cloak constructed with homogeneous materials,” Opt. Express 17, 23410–23416 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Guang, J.

J. Guang, W. Li, Z. Sun, and W. Wang, “Visually moving objects to an arbitrary distance by a simple shifting cloak,” arXiv:1005.5205 (2010).

Guenneau, S.

M. Kadic, S. Guenneau, and S. Enoch, “Ultrabroadband elastic cloaking in thin plates,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 024301 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Guo, Y.

X. Luo, T. Yang, Y. Guo, H. Y. Chen, and H. Ma, “Conceal an entrance by means of superscatterer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 223513 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Han, D.

Y. Lai, J. Ng, H. Y. Chen, D. Han, J. Xiao, Z. Zhang, and C. T. Chan, “Illusion optics: the optical transformation of an object into another object,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 253902(2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Han, T.

T. Han, C. W. Oiu, and X. H. Tang, “The general two-dimensional open-closed cloak with tunable inherent discontinuity and directional communication,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 124104 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Han, T. C.

T. C. Han, C. W. Qiu, and X. H. Tang, “Distributed external cloak without embedded antiobjects,” Opt. Lett. 35, 2642–2644(2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. C. Han, X. H. Tang, and F. Xiao, “External cloak with homogeneous material,” J. Phys. D 42, 235403 (2009).
[CrossRef]

He, S.

P. Zhang, Y. Jin, and S. He, “Obtaining a nonsingular two-dimensional cloak of complex shape from a perfect three-dimensional cloak,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 243502 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hu, G. K.

J. Hu, X. M. Zhou, and G. K. Hu, “Nonsingular two dimensional cloak of arbitrary shape,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 011107 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hu, J.

J. Hu, X. M. Zhou, and G. K. Hu, “Nonsingular two dimensional cloak of arbitrary shape,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 011107 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hu, L.

C. W. Qiu, L. Hu, X. Xu, and Y. Feng, “Spherical cloaking with homogeneous isotropic multilayered structures,” Phys. Rev. E 79, 047602 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Huang, L.

Huangfu, J.

Ji, C.

R. Liu, C. Ji, J. J. Mock, J. Y. Chin, T. J. Cui, and D. R. Smith, “Broadband ground-plane cloak,” Science 323, 366–369 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jiang, C.

Jiang, W. X.

W. X. Jiang, T. J. Cui, G. X. Yu, X. Lin, Q. Cheng, and J. Y. Chin, “Arbitrarily elliptical-cylindrical invisible cloaking,” J. Phys. D 41, 085504 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, X.

Z. Liang, P. Yao, X. Sun, and X. Jiang, “The physical picture and the essential elements of the dynamical process for dispersive cloaking structures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 131118 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Jin, Y.

P. Zhang, Y. Jin, and S. He, “Obtaining a nonsingular two-dimensional cloak of complex shape from a perfect three-dimensional cloak,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 243502 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Justice, B. J.

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314, 977–980 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kadic, M.

M. Kadic, S. Guenneau, and S. Enoch, “Ultrabroadband elastic cloaking in thin plates,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 024301 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kildishev, A.

W. Cai, U. Chettiar, A. Kildishev, and V. Shalaev, “Optical cloaking with metamaterials,” Nat. Photon. 1, 224–227 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kong, J.

Kong, J. A.

B. L. Zhang, H. S. Chen, B.-I. Wu, and J. A. Kong, “Extraordinary surface voltage effect in the invisibility cloak with an active device inside,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 063904 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lai, Y.

Y. Lai, H. Y. Chen, Z. Q. Zhang, and C. T. Chan, “Complementary media invisibility cloak that cloaks objects at a distance outside the cloaking shell,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 093901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Lai, J. Ng, H. Y. Chen, D. Han, J. Xiao, Z. Zhang, and C. T. Chan, “Illusion optics: the optical transformation of an object into another object,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 253902(2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Leonhardt, U.

U. Leonhardt, “Optical Conformal mapping,” Science 312, 1777–1780 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, C.

C. Li, X. Meng, X. Liu, F. Li, G. Fan, H. Y. Chen, and C. T. Chan, “Experimental realization of a circuit-based broadband illusion-optics analogue,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 233906 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. Li, K. Yao, and F. Li, “Two-dimensional electromagnetic cloaks with non-conformal inner and outer boundaries,” Opt. Express 16, 19366–19374 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Li, F.

C. Li, X. Meng, X. Liu, F. Li, G. Fan, H. Y. Chen, and C. T. Chan, “Experimental realization of a circuit-based broadband illusion-optics analogue,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 233906 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. Li, K. Yao, and F. Li, “Two-dimensional electromagnetic cloaks with non-conformal inner and outer boundaries,” Opt. Express 16, 19366–19374 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Li, J.

J. Valentine, J. Li, T. Zentgraf, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “An optical cloak made of dielectrics,” Nat. Mater. 8, 568–571 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, L.-W.

Li, W.

W. Li, J. G. Guan, W. Wang, Z. G. Sun, and Z. Y. Fu, “A general cloak to shift the scattering of different objects,” J. Phys. D 43, 245102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

W. Li, J. G. Guan, Z. G. Sun, W. Wang, and Q. J. Zhang, “A near-perfect invisibility cloak constructed with homogeneous materials,” Opt. Express 17, 23410–23416 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Guang, W. Li, Z. Sun, and W. Wang, “Visually moving objects to an arbitrary distance by a simple shifting cloak,” arXiv:1005.5205 (2010).

Li, Z.

Liang, Z.

Z. Liang, P. Yao, X. Sun, and X. Jiang, “The physical picture and the essential elements of the dynamical process for dispersive cloaking structures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 131118 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lin, X.

W. X. Jiang, T. J. Cui, G. X. Yu, X. Lin, Q. Cheng, and J. Y. Chin, “Arbitrarily elliptical-cylindrical invisible cloaking,” J. Phys. D 41, 085504 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lipson, M.

L. H. Gabrielli, J. Cardenas, C. Poitras, and M. Lipson, “Silicon nanostructure cloak operating at optical frequencies,” Nat. Photon. 3, 461–463 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Liu, R.

R. Liu, C. Ji, J. J. Mock, J. Y. Chin, T. J. Cui, and D. R. Smith, “Broadband ground-plane cloak,” Science 323, 366–369 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, X.

C. Li, X. Meng, X. Liu, F. Li, G. Fan, H. Y. Chen, and C. T. Chan, “Experimental realization of a circuit-based broadband illusion-optics analogue,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 233906 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lu, W.

Luo, X.

X. Luo, T. Yang, Y. Guo, H. Y. Chen, and H. Ma, “Conceal an entrance by means of superscatterer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 223513 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Yang, H. Y. Chen, X. Luo, and H. Ma, “Superscatterer: enhancement of scattering with complementary media,” Opt. Express 16, 18545–18550 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Y. Chen, X. Zhang, X. Luo, H. Ma, and C. T. Chan, “Reshaping the perfect electrical conductor cylinder arbitrarily,” New J. Phys. 10, 113016 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Luo, Y.

Y. Luo and S. Z. Zhu, “Design of electromagnetic cloaks with the same scattering patterns of a reduced perfect electric conducting line or ring,” Phys. Rev. E 82, 036606 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Zhang, Y. Luo, H. Chen, J. Huangfu, B. I. Wu, L. Ran, and J. Kong, “Guiding waves through an invisible tunnel,” Opt. Express 17, 6203–6208 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ma, H.

C. W. Qiu, A. Novitsky, H. Ma, and S. Qu, “Electromagnetic interaction of arbitrary radial-dependent anisotropic spheres and improved invisibility for nonlinear-transformation-based cloaks,” Phys. Rev. E 80, 016604 (2009).
[CrossRef]

X. Luo, T. Yang, Y. Guo, H. Y. Chen, and H. Ma, “Conceal an entrance by means of superscatterer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 223513 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Yang, H. Y. Chen, X. Luo, and H. Ma, “Superscatterer: enhancement of scattering with complementary media,” Opt. Express 16, 18545–18550 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Y. Chen, X. Zhang, X. Luo, H. Ma, and C. T. Chan, “Reshaping the perfect electrical conductor cylinder arbitrarily,” New J. Phys. 10, 113016 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Ma, S. Qu, Z. Xu, J. Zhang, B. Chen, and J. Wang, “Material parameter equation for elliptical cylindrical cloaks,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 013825 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Meng, F.-Y.

Meng, X.

C. Li, X. Meng, X. Liu, F. Li, G. Fan, H. Y. Chen, and C. T. Chan, “Experimental realization of a circuit-based broadband illusion-optics analogue,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 233906 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Mock, J. J.

R. Liu, C. Ji, J. J. Mock, J. Y. Chin, T. J. Cui, and D. R. Smith, “Broadband ground-plane cloak,” Science 323, 366–369 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314, 977–980 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Morente, J. A.

Neff, C. W.

Z. Ruan, M. Yan, C. W. Neff, and M. Qiu, “Ideal cylindrical cloak: perfect but sensitive to tiny perturbations,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 113903 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ng, J.

Y. Lai, J. Ng, H. Y. Chen, D. Han, J. Xiao, Z. Zhang, and C. T. Chan, “Illusion optics: the optical transformation of an object into another object,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 253902(2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Ng, H. Y. Chen, and C. T. Chan, “Metamaterial frequency-selective superabsorber,” Opt. Lett. 34, 644–646 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Novitsky, A.

C. W. Qiu, A. Novitsky, H. Ma, and S. Qu, “Electromagnetic interaction of arbitrary radial-dependent anisotropic spheres and improved invisibility for nonlinear-transformation-based cloaks,” Phys. Rev. E 80, 016604 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Oiu, C. W.

T. Han, C. W. Oiu, and X. H. Tang, “The general two-dimensional open-closed cloak with tunable inherent discontinuity and directional communication,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 124104 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Pendry, J. B.

M. Rahm, D. Schurig, D. A. Roberts, S. A. Cummer, D. R. Smith, and J. B. Pendry, “Design of electromagnetic cloaks and concentrators using form-invariant coordinate transformations of Maxwell’s equations,” Photon. Nanostr. Fundam. Appl. 6, 87–95 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, “Controlling electromagnetic fields,” Science 312, 1780–1782 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314, 977–980 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Poitras, C.

L. H. Gabrielli, J. Cardenas, C. Poitras, and M. Lipson, “Silicon nanostructure cloak operating at optical frequencies,” Nat. Photon. 3, 461–463 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Popa, B. I.

S. A. Cummer, B. I. Popa, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, “Full-wave simulations of electromagnetic cloaking structures,” Phys. Rev. E 74, 036621 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Portí, J. A.

Qiu, C. W.

T. C. Han, C. W. Qiu, and X. H. Tang, “Distributed external cloak without embedded antiobjects,” Opt. Lett. 35, 2642–2644(2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. W. Qiu, L. Hu, X. Xu, and Y. Feng, “Spherical cloaking with homogeneous isotropic multilayered structures,” Phys. Rev. E 79, 047602 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Qiu, A. Novitsky, H. Ma, and S. Qu, “Electromagnetic interaction of arbitrary radial-dependent anisotropic spheres and improved invisibility for nonlinear-transformation-based cloaks,” Phys. Rev. E 80, 016604 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Qiu, M.

Z. Ruan, M. Yan, C. W. Neff, and M. Qiu, “Ideal cylindrical cloak: perfect but sensitive to tiny perturbations,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 113903 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Qu, S.

C. W. Qiu, A. Novitsky, H. Ma, and S. Qu, “Electromagnetic interaction of arbitrary radial-dependent anisotropic spheres and improved invisibility for nonlinear-transformation-based cloaks,” Phys. Rev. E 80, 016604 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Ma, S. Qu, Z. Xu, J. Zhang, B. Chen, and J. Wang, “Material parameter equation for elliptical cylindrical cloaks,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 013825 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Rahm, M.

M. Rahm, D. Schurig, D. A. Roberts, S. A. Cummer, D. R. Smith, and J. B. Pendry, “Design of electromagnetic cloaks and concentrators using form-invariant coordinate transformations of Maxwell’s equations,” Photon. Nanostr. Fundam. Appl. 6, 87–95 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ran, L.

Roberts, D. A.

M. Rahm, D. Schurig, D. A. Roberts, S. A. Cummer, D. R. Smith, and J. B. Pendry, “Design of electromagnetic cloaks and concentrators using form-invariant coordinate transformations of Maxwell’s equations,” Photon. Nanostr. Fundam. Appl. 6, 87–95 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ruan, Z.

Z. Ruan, M. Yan, C. W. Neff, and M. Qiu, “Ideal cylindrical cloak: perfect but sensitive to tiny perturbations,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 113903 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Salinas, A.

Schurig, D.

M. Rahm, D. Schurig, D. A. Roberts, S. A. Cummer, D. R. Smith, and J. B. Pendry, “Design of electromagnetic cloaks and concentrators using form-invariant coordinate transformations of Maxwell’s equations,” Photon. Nanostr. Fundam. Appl. 6, 87–95 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, “Controlling electromagnetic fields,” Science 312, 1780–1782 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. A. Cummer, B. I. Popa, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, “Full-wave simulations of electromagnetic cloaking structures,” Phys. Rev. E 74, 036621 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314, 977–980 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shalaev, V.

W. Cai, U. Chettiar, A. Kildishev, and V. Shalaev, “Optical cloaking with metamaterials,” Nat. Photon. 1, 224–227 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Shen, P.

H. Y. Chen, C. T. Chan, and P. Shen, “Transformation optics and metamaterials,” Nat. Mater. 9, 387–396 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Smith, D. R.

R. Liu, C. Ji, J. J. Mock, J. Y. Chin, T. J. Cui, and D. R. Smith, “Broadband ground-plane cloak,” Science 323, 366–369 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Rahm, D. Schurig, D. A. Roberts, S. A. Cummer, D. R. Smith, and J. B. Pendry, “Design of electromagnetic cloaks and concentrators using form-invariant coordinate transformations of Maxwell’s equations,” Photon. Nanostr. Fundam. Appl. 6, 87–95 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Cummer, B. I. Popa, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, “Full-wave simulations of electromagnetic cloaking structures,” Phys. Rev. E 74, 036621 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, “Controlling electromagnetic fields,” Science 312, 1780–1782 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314, 977–980 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Starr, A. F.

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314, 977–980 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sun, X.

Z. Liang, P. Yao, X. Sun, and X. Jiang, “The physical picture and the essential elements of the dynamical process for dispersive cloaking structures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 131118 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sun, Z.

J. Guang, W. Li, Z. Sun, and W. Wang, “Visually moving objects to an arbitrary distance by a simple shifting cloak,” arXiv:1005.5205 (2010).

Sun, Z. G.

W. Li, J. G. Guan, W. Wang, Z. G. Sun, and Z. Y. Fu, “A general cloak to shift the scattering of different objects,” J. Phys. D 43, 245102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

W. Li, J. G. Guan, Z. G. Sun, W. Wang, and Q. J. Zhang, “A near-perfect invisibility cloak constructed with homogeneous materials,” Opt. Express 17, 23410–23416 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tang, X. H.

T. Han, C. W. Oiu, and X. H. Tang, “The general two-dimensional open-closed cloak with tunable inherent discontinuity and directional communication,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 124104 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. C. Han, C. W. Qiu, and X. H. Tang, “Distributed external cloak without embedded antiobjects,” Opt. Lett. 35, 2642–2644(2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. C. Han, X. H. Tang, and F. Xiao, “External cloak with homogeneous material,” J. Phys. D 42, 235403 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Valentine, J.

J. Valentine, J. Li, T. Zentgraf, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “An optical cloak made of dielectrics,” Nat. Mater. 8, 568–571 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, G. P.

Wang, J.

L. Huang, D.- M. Zhou, J. Wang, Z. Li, X. Chen, and W. Lu, “Generalized transformation for nonmagnetic invisibility cloak with minimized scattering,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 28, 922–928(2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Ma, S. Qu, Z. Xu, J. Zhang, B. Chen, and J. Wang, “Material parameter equation for elliptical cylindrical cloaks,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 013825 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wang, W.

W. Li, J. G. Guan, W. Wang, Z. G. Sun, and Z. Y. Fu, “A general cloak to shift the scattering of different objects,” J. Phys. D 43, 245102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

W. Li, J. G. Guan, Z. G. Sun, W. Wang, and Q. J. Zhang, “A near-perfect invisibility cloak constructed with homogeneous materials,” Opt. Express 17, 23410–23416 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Guang, W. Li, Z. Sun, and W. Wang, “Visually moving objects to an arbitrary distance by a simple shifting cloak,” arXiv:1005.5205 (2010).

Wu, B. I.

Wu, B.-I.

B. L. Zhang, H. S. Chen, B.-I. Wu, and J. A. Kong, “Extraordinary surface voltage effect in the invisibility cloak with an active device inside,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 063904 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wu, K.

Wu, Q.

Xiao, F.

T. C. Han, X. H. Tang, and F. Xiao, “External cloak with homogeneous material,” J. Phys. D 42, 235403 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Xiao, J.

Y. Lai, J. Ng, H. Y. Chen, D. Han, J. Xiao, Z. Zhang, and C. T. Chan, “Illusion optics: the optical transformation of an object into another object,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 253902(2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xu, X.

C. W. Qiu, L. Hu, X. Xu, and Y. Feng, “Spherical cloaking with homogeneous isotropic multilayered structures,” Phys. Rev. E 79, 047602 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Xu, Y.

Y. Xu, S. Du, L. Gao, and H. Chen, “Overlapped illusion optics: a perfect lens brings a brighter feature,” New J. Phys. 13, 023010 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Xu, Z.

H. Ma, S. Qu, Z. Xu, J. Zhang, B. Chen, and J. Wang, “Material parameter equation for elliptical cylindrical cloaks,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 013825 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yan, M.

Z. Ruan, M. Yan, C. W. Neff, and M. Qiu, “Ideal cylindrical cloak: perfect but sensitive to tiny perturbations,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 113903 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yang, T.

X. Luo, T. Yang, Y. Guo, H. Y. Chen, and H. Ma, “Conceal an entrance by means of superscatterer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 223513 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Yang, H. Y. Chen, X. Luo, and H. Ma, “Superscatterer: enhancement of scattering with complementary media,” Opt. Express 16, 18545–18550 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yao, K.

Yao, P.

Z. Liang, P. Yao, X. Sun, and X. Jiang, “The physical picture and the essential elements of the dynamical process for dispersive cloaking structures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 131118 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yu, G. X.

W. X. Jiang, T. J. Cui, G. X. Yu, X. Lin, Q. Cheng, and J. Y. Chin, “Arbitrarily elliptical-cylindrical invisible cloaking,” J. Phys. D 41, 085504 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zang, X.

Zentgraf, T.

J. Valentine, J. Li, T. Zentgraf, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “An optical cloak made of dielectrics,” Nat. Mater. 8, 568–571 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, B.

Zhang, B. L.

B. L. Zhang, H. S. Chen, B.-I. Wu, and J. A. Kong, “Extraordinary surface voltage effect in the invisibility cloak with an active device inside,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 063904 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, J.

J. Zhang, Y. Luo, H. Chen, J. Huangfu, B. I. Wu, L. Ran, and J. Kong, “Guiding waves through an invisible tunnel,” Opt. Express 17, 6203–6208 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Ma, S. Qu, Z. Xu, J. Zhang, B. Chen, and J. Wang, “Material parameter equation for elliptical cylindrical cloaks,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 013825 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, K.

Zhang, P.

P. Zhang, Y. Jin, and S. He, “Obtaining a nonsingular two-dimensional cloak of complex shape from a perfect three-dimensional cloak,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 243502 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Q. J.

Zhang, X.

J. Valentine, J. Li, T. Zentgraf, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “An optical cloak made of dielectrics,” Nat. Mater. 8, 568–571 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Y. Chen, X. Zhang, X. Luo, H. Ma, and C. T. Chan, “Reshaping the perfect electrical conductor cylinder arbitrarily,” New J. Phys. 10, 113016 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Z.

Y. Lai, J. Ng, H. Y. Chen, D. Han, J. Xiao, Z. Zhang, and C. T. Chan, “Illusion optics: the optical transformation of an object into another object,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 253902(2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, Z. Q.

Y. Lai, H. Y. Chen, Z. Q. Zhang, and C. T. Chan, “Complementary media invisibility cloak that cloaks objects at a distance outside the cloaking shell,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 093901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhou, D.- M.

Zhou, X. M.

J. Hu, X. M. Zhou, and G. K. Hu, “Nonsingular two dimensional cloak of arbitrary shape,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 011107 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, S. Z.

Y. Luo and S. Z. Zhu, “Design of electromagnetic cloaks with the same scattering patterns of a reduced perfect electric conducting line or ring,” Phys. Rev. E 82, 036606 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (5)

J. Hu, X. M. Zhou, and G. K. Hu, “Nonsingular two dimensional cloak of arbitrary shape,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 011107 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. Zhang, Y. Jin, and S. He, “Obtaining a nonsingular two-dimensional cloak of complex shape from a perfect three-dimensional cloak,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 243502 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Z. Liang, P. Yao, X. Sun, and X. Jiang, “The physical picture and the essential elements of the dynamical process for dispersive cloaking structures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 131118 (2008).
[CrossRef]

X. Luo, T. Yang, Y. Guo, H. Y. Chen, and H. Ma, “Conceal an entrance by means of superscatterer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 223513 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Han, C. W. Oiu, and X. H. Tang, “The general two-dimensional open-closed cloak with tunable inherent discontinuity and directional communication,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 124104 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (3)

J. Phys. D (3)

T. C. Han, X. H. Tang, and F. Xiao, “External cloak with homogeneous material,” J. Phys. D 42, 235403 (2009).
[CrossRef]

W. Li, J. G. Guan, W. Wang, Z. G. Sun, and Z. Y. Fu, “A general cloak to shift the scattering of different objects,” J. Phys. D 43, 245102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

W. X. Jiang, T. J. Cui, G. X. Yu, X. Lin, Q. Cheng, and J. Y. Chin, “Arbitrarily elliptical-cylindrical invisible cloaking,” J. Phys. D 41, 085504 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Mater. (2)

H. Y. Chen, C. T. Chan, and P. Shen, “Transformation optics and metamaterials,” Nat. Mater. 9, 387–396 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Valentine, J. Li, T. Zentgraf, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “An optical cloak made of dielectrics,” Nat. Mater. 8, 568–571 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nat. Photon. (2)

L. H. Gabrielli, J. Cardenas, C. Poitras, and M. Lipson, “Silicon nanostructure cloak operating at optical frequencies,” Nat. Photon. 3, 461–463 (2009).
[CrossRef]

W. Cai, U. Chettiar, A. Kildishev, and V. Shalaev, “Optical cloaking with metamaterials,” Nat. Photon. 1, 224–227 (2007).
[CrossRef]

New J. Phys. (2)

H. Y. Chen, X. Zhang, X. Luo, H. Ma, and C. T. Chan, “Reshaping the perfect electrical conductor cylinder arbitrarily,” New J. Phys. 10, 113016 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. Xu, S. Du, L. Gao, and H. Chen, “Overlapped illusion optics: a perfect lens brings a brighter feature,” New J. Phys. 13, 023010 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (6)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Photon. Nanostr. Fundam. Appl. (1)

M. Rahm, D. Schurig, D. A. Roberts, S. A. Cummer, D. R. Smith, and J. B. Pendry, “Design of electromagnetic cloaks and concentrators using form-invariant coordinate transformations of Maxwell’s equations,” Photon. Nanostr. Fundam. Appl. 6, 87–95 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A (1)

H. Ma, S. Qu, Z. Xu, J. Zhang, B. Chen, and J. Wang, “Material parameter equation for elliptical cylindrical cloaks,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 013825 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. E (4)

C. W. Qiu, L. Hu, X. Xu, and Y. Feng, “Spherical cloaking with homogeneous isotropic multilayered structures,” Phys. Rev. E 79, 047602 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Qiu, A. Novitsky, H. Ma, and S. Qu, “Electromagnetic interaction of arbitrary radial-dependent anisotropic spheres and improved invisibility for nonlinear-transformation-based cloaks,” Phys. Rev. E 80, 016604 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Cummer, B. I. Popa, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, “Full-wave simulations of electromagnetic cloaking structures,” Phys. Rev. E 74, 036621 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. Luo and S. Z. Zhu, “Design of electromagnetic cloaks with the same scattering patterns of a reduced perfect electric conducting line or ring,” Phys. Rev. E 82, 036606 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (6)

Y. Lai, J. Ng, H. Y. Chen, D. Han, J. Xiao, Z. Zhang, and C. T. Chan, “Illusion optics: the optical transformation of an object into another object,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 253902(2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Lai, H. Y. Chen, Z. Q. Zhang, and C. T. Chan, “Complementary media invisibility cloak that cloaks objects at a distance outside the cloaking shell,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 093901 (2009).
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B. L. Zhang, H. S. Chen, B.-I. Wu, and J. A. Kong, “Extraordinary surface voltage effect in the invisibility cloak with an active device inside,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 063904 (2008).
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M. Kadic, S. Guenneau, and S. Enoch, “Ultrabroadband elastic cloaking in thin plates,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 024301 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. Li, X. Meng, X. Liu, F. Li, G. Fan, H. Y. Chen, and C. T. Chan, “Experimental realization of a circuit-based broadband illusion-optics analogue,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 233906 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Science (4)

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314, 977–980 (2006).
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R. Liu, C. Ji, J. J. Mock, J. Y. Chin, T. J. Cui, and D. R. Smith, “Broadband ground-plane cloak,” Science 323, 366–369 (2009).
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J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, “Controlling electromagnetic fields,” Science 312, 1780–1782 (2006).
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U. Leonhardt, “Optical Conformal mapping,” Science 312, 1777–1780 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (1)

J. Guang, W. Li, Z. Sun, and W. Wang, “Visually moving objects to an arbitrary distance by a simple shifting cloak,” arXiv:1005.5205 (2010).

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Computational domain of the shifting medium. The inner (core) blue region is an object, while the gray region is the shifting medium. The core blue region A 1 B 1 C 1 D 1 is moved to the right with distance d in region A 1 B 1 C 1 D 1 .

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Electric field distribution of the free space embedded with the shifting medium: The incident plane moves from left to the right with the angle of (a)  0 ° and (b)  45 ° .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Permittivity and permeability tensor parameters for the shifting medium: (a)  μ x x , (b)  μ x y = μ y x , (c)  μ y y , and (d)  ε z z .

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Electric field distributions of two identical PECs located at (0, 0) and ( 1 m , 0 ) . (b) Electric field distributions of two identical PECs located at ( 1 m , 0 ) and ( 1 m , 0 ) . (c) Electric field distributions of a PEC located at (0, 0). (d) Corresponding scattered patterns of (a), (b), and (c).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Electric field distributions of an antenna excited by the current plane located at (a) (0, 0), and (b)  ( 1 m , 0 ) . (c) Electric field distributions of two identical antenna located at ( 1 m , 0 ) and (0, 0), respectively. (d) Scattering patterns of (a), (b), and (c).

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Electric field distributions of an antenna array located at (a) (0, 0) and (b)  ( 1 m , 0 ) . (c) Electric field distributions of two identical antenna arrays located at ( 1 m , 0 ) and (0, 0), respectively. (d) Corresponding scattering patterns of (a), (b), and (c).

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Illusion optics: (a) scattering pattern of a spoon with ε = 5 , μ = 1 , (b) external cloak of the spoon with an antiobject spoon with ε = 5 , μ = 1 , (c) turning the spoon into a cup with ε = 12.25 , μ = 1 , (d) scattering pattern of the cup with ε = 12.25 , μ = 1 , and (e) the far-field patterns of (a), (b), (c), and (d).

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

(a) Electric field distribution of a square dielectric with ε = 3 , μ = 1 . (b) Schematic of the distributed external cloak. The blue region is the invisible material. (c) Electric field distribution of a square dielectric coated with shifting medium and discrete cloaking shell. (d) Corresponding scattering patterns of (a) and (c).

Equations (8)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

x = ( a 21 a 11 ) x + d * a 21 a 21 a 11 d , y = y , z = z .
x = ( a 21 a 11 ) x + d * a 21 a 21 a 11 + d , y = y , z = z .
x = x + d * [ h 21 + ( h 22 h 21 ) ( x + a 21 ) / 2 a 21 y ] h 21 h 11 + ( h 22 h 21 ) ( a 21 a 11 ) / 2 a 21 , y = y , z = z .
x = x + d * [ h 21 + ( h 22 h 21 ) ( x + a 21 ) / 2 a 21 + y ] h 21 h 11 + ( h 22 h 21 ) ( a 21 a 11 ) / 2 a 21 , y = y , z = z .
ε ¯ ¯ ε = μ ¯ ¯ μ = [ k 1 0 0 0 1 / k 1 0 0 0 1 / k 1 ] .
ε ¯ ¯ ε = μ ¯ ¯ μ = [ k 2 0 0 0 1 / k 2 0 0 0 1 / k 2 ] .
ε ¯ ¯ ε = μ ¯ ¯ μ = [ ( 1 + k 4 2 ) / ( 1 k 3 ) k 4 0 k 4 1 k 3 0 0 0 1 k 3 ] .
ε ¯ ¯ ε = μ ¯ ¯ μ = [ ( 1 + k 4 2 ) / ( 1 k 3 ) k 4 0 k 4 1 k 3 0 0 0 1 k 3 ] .

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