Abstract

We present a detailed experimental study of femtosecond tuning with Cr:LiSAF and Cr:LiCAF gain media using Al0.95Ga0.05As/Al0.17Ga0.83As-based saturable Bragg reflectors. In the experiments with Cr:LiSAF gain media, femtosecond tuning ranges of 803831nm (28nm), 828873nm (45nm) and 890923nm (33nm) were demonstrated using three different saturable Bragg reflectors with reflectivity bands centered at around 800, 850, and 910nm, respectively. With Cr:LiCAF gain medium, a femtosecond tuning range of 767817nm (50nm) was demonstrated using the 800nm saturable Bragg reflector. Pulses as short as 26fs with Cr:LiSAF and 39fs with Cr:LiCAF have been obtained, which we believe are the shortest pulses reported from Cr:colquiriite laser systems mode locked with saturable Bragg reflectors. This study further illustrates the benefits and limitations of Al0.95Ga0.05As/Al0.17Ga0.83As-based saturable Bragg reflectors for use in Cr:colquiriites.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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2010 (4)

H. Maestre, A. J. Torregrosa, J. A. Pereda, C. R. Fernandez-Pousa, and J. Capmany, “Dual-wavelength Cr3+:LiCaAlF6solid-state laser with tunable THz frequency difference,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46, 1681–1685 (2010).
[CrossRef]

U. Demirbas, “Low-cost, highly efficient and tunable ultrafast laser technology based on directly diode pumped Cr:colquiriites,” Ph.D. dissertation (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, 2010).

D. Li, U. Demirbas, J. R. Birge, G. S. Petrich, L. A. Kolodziejski, A. Sennaroglu, F. X. Kärtner, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Diode-pumped passively mode-locked GHz femtosecond Cr:LiSAF laser with kW peak power,” Opt. Lett. 35, 1446–1448 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

U. Demirbas, K.-H. Hong, J. G. Fujimoto, A. Sennaroglu, and F. X. Kärtner, “A low-cost cavity-dumped femtosecond Cr3+:LiSAF laser producing >100 nJ pulses,” Opt. Lett. 35 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (4)

2008 (2)

2007 (2)

2004 (2)

E. Sorokin, “Solid-state materials for few-cycle pulse generation and amplification,” in Few-Cycle Laser Pulse Generation and Its Applications, F.X.Kärtner, ed. (Springer-Verlag, 2004), pp. 3–71.

S. N. Tandon, J. T. Gopinath, H. M. Shen, G. S. Petrich, L. A. Kolodziejski, F. X. Kärtner, and E. P. Ippen, “Large-area broadband saturable Bragg reflectors by use of oxidized AlAs,” Opt. Lett. 29, 2551–2553 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (3)

2002 (3)

B. Agate, B. Stormont, A. J. Kemp, C. T. A. Brown, U. Keller, and W. Sibbett, “Simplified cavity designs for efficient and compact femtosecond Cr:LiSAF lasers,” Opt. Commun. 205, 207–213(2002).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Hopkins, G. J. Valentine, B. Agate, A. J. Kemp, U. Keller, and W. Sibbett, “Highly compact and efficient femtosecond Cr:LiSAF lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 360–368 (2002).
[CrossRef]

P. Wagenblast, U. Morgner, F. Grawert, V. Scheuer, G. Angelow, M. J. Lederer, and F. X. Kärtner, “Generation of sub-10-fs pulses from a Kerr-lens mode-locked Cr3+:LiCAF laser oscillator using third-order dispersion-compensating double-chirped mirrors,” Opt. Lett. 27, 1726–1729 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

S. Uemura and K. Torizuka, “Generation of 10 fs pulses from a diode-pumped Kerr-lens mode-locked Cr:LiSAF laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3472–3473 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

1998 (2)

A. Robertson, R. Knappe, and R. Wallenstein, “Diode-pumped broadly tunable (809–910 nm) femtosecond Cr:LiSAF laser,” Opt. Commun. 147, 294–298 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Hopkins, G. J. Valentine, W. Sibbett, J. A. der Au, F. Morier-Genoud, U. Keller, and A. Valster, “Efficient, low-noise, SESAM-based femtosecond Cr3+:LiSrAlF6 laser,” Opt. Commun. 154, 54–58 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (5)

1996 (4)

S. Tsuda, W. H. Knox, S. T. Cundiff, W. Y. Jan, and J. E. Cunningham, “Mode-locking ultrafast solid-state lasers with saturable Bragg reflectors,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 454–464 (1996).
[CrossRef]

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. A. der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435–453 (1996).
[CrossRef]

C. Xu, W. Zipfel, J. B. Shear, R. M. Williams, and W. W. Webb, “Multiphoton fluorescence excitation: New spectral windows for biological nonlinear microscopy,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 93, 10763–10768 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Tsuda, W. H. Knox, and S. T. Cundiff, “High efficiency diode pumping of a saturable Bragg reflector-mode-locked Cr:LiSAF femtosecond laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 1538–1540 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (2)

F. X. Kärtner, L. R. Brovelli, D. Kopf, M. Kamp, I. Calasso, and U. Keller, “Control of solid-state laser dynamics by semiconductor devices,” Opt. Eng. 34, 2024–2036 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. F. Pinto, L. Esterowitz, and G. H. Rosenblatt, “Frequency tripling of a Q-switched Cr:LiSAF laser to the UV region,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 58–61 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

1992 (1)

L. K. Smith, S. A. Payne, W. L. Kway, L. L. Chase, and B. H. T. Chai, “Investigation of the laser properties of Cr3+:LiSrGaF6,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2612–2618 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

1989 (1)

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and H. W. Newkirk, “Laser performance of LiSAIF6:Cr3+,” J. Appl. Phys. 66, 1051–1056 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1988 (1)

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, H. W. Newkirk, L. K. Smith, and W. F. Krupke, “LiCaAlF6:Cr3+ a promising new solid-state laser material,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 2243–2252 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Adamiec, P.

Agate, B.

B. Agate, B. Stormont, A. J. Kemp, C. T. A. Brown, U. Keller, and W. Sibbett, “Simplified cavity designs for efficient and compact femtosecond Cr:LiSAF lasers,” Opt. Commun. 205, 207–213(2002).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Hopkins, G. J. Valentine, B. Agate, A. J. Kemp, U. Keller, and W. Sibbett, “Highly compact and efficient femtosecond Cr:LiSAF lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 360–368 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Angelow, G.

Barry, N. P.

R. Mellish, S. C. W. Hyde, N. P. Barry, R. Jones, P. M. W. French, J. R. Taylor, C. J. van der Poel, and A. Valster, “All-solid-state diode-pumped Cr:LiSAF femtosecond oscillator and regenerative amplifier,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 221–226 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Beach, R. J.

D. Kopf, K. J. Weingarten, G. Zhang, M. Moser, M. A. Emanuel, R. J. Beach, J. A. Skidmore, and U. Keller, “High-average-power diode-pumped femtosecond Cr:LiSAF lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 235–243 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Benedick, A.

Birge, J. R.

Boas, D. A.

Braun, B.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. A. der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435–453 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Brovelli, L. R.

F. X. Kärtner, L. R. Brovelli, D. Kopf, M. Kamp, I. Calasso, and U. Keller, “Control of solid-state laser dynamics by semiconductor devices,” Opt. Eng. 34, 2024–2036 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Brown, C. T. A.

B. Agate, B. Stormont, A. J. Kemp, C. T. A. Brown, U. Keller, and W. Sibbett, “Simplified cavity designs for efficient and compact femtosecond Cr:LiSAF lasers,” Opt. Commun. 205, 207–213(2002).
[CrossRef]

Burns, D.

Calasso, I.

F. X. Kärtner, L. R. Brovelli, D. Kopf, M. Kamp, I. Calasso, and U. Keller, “Control of solid-state laser dynamics by semiconductor devices,” Opt. Eng. 34, 2024–2036 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Capmany, J.

H. Maestre, A. J. Torregrosa, J. A. Pereda, C. R. Fernandez-Pousa, and J. Capmany, “Dual-wavelength Cr3+:LiCaAlF6solid-state laser with tunable THz frequency difference,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46, 1681–1685 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Cassanho, A.

Chai, B. H. T.

L. K. Smith, S. A. Payne, W. L. Kway, L. L. Chase, and B. H. T. Chai, “Investigation of the laser properties of Cr3+:LiSrGaF6,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2612–2618 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Chase, L. L.

L. K. Smith, S. A. Payne, W. L. Kway, L. L. Chase, and B. H. T. Chai, “Investigation of the laser properties of Cr3+:LiSrGaF6,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2612–2618 (1992).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and H. W. Newkirk, “Laser performance of LiSAIF6:Cr3+,” J. Appl. Phys. 66, 1051–1056 (1989).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, H. W. Newkirk, L. K. Smith, and W. F. Krupke, “LiCaAlF6:Cr3+ a promising new solid-state laser material,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 2243–2252 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Cundiff, S. T.

S. Tsuda, W. H. Knox, and S. T. Cundiff, “High efficiency diode pumping of a saturable Bragg reflector-mode-locked Cr:LiSAF femtosecond laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 1538–1540 (1996).
[CrossRef]

S. Tsuda, W. H. Knox, S. T. Cundiff, W. Y. Jan, and J. E. Cunningham, “Mode-locking ultrafast solid-state lasers with saturable Bragg reflectors,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 454–464 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Cunningham, J. E.

S. Tsuda, W. H. Knox, S. T. Cundiff, W. Y. Jan, and J. E. Cunningham, “Mode-locking ultrafast solid-state lasers with saturable Bragg reflectors,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 454–464 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Delfyett, P. J.

Demirbas, U.

U. Demirbas, “Low-cost, highly efficient and tunable ultrafast laser technology based on directly diode pumped Cr:colquiriites,” Ph.D. dissertation (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, 2010).

D. Li, U. Demirbas, J. R. Birge, G. S. Petrich, L. A. Kolodziejski, A. Sennaroglu, F. X. Kärtner, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Diode-pumped passively mode-locked GHz femtosecond Cr:LiSAF laser with kW peak power,” Opt. Lett. 35, 1446–1448 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

U. Demirbas, K.-H. Hong, J. G. Fujimoto, A. Sennaroglu, and F. X. Kärtner, “A low-cost cavity-dumped femtosecond Cr3+:LiSAF laser producing >100 nJ pulses,” Opt. Lett. 35 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

U. Demirbas, A. Sennaroglu, F. X. Kärtner, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Generation of 15 nJ pulses from a highly efficient, low-cost multipass-cavity Cr3+:LiCAF laser,” Opt. Lett. 34, 497–499 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

U. Demirbas, D. Li, J. R. Birge, A. Sennaroglu, G. S. Petrich, L. A. Kolodziejski, F. X. Kärtner, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Low-cost, single-mode diode-pumped Cr:colquiriite lasers,” Opt. Express 17, 14374–14388 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

U. Demirbas, A. Sennaroglu, F. X. Kärtner, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Comparative investigation of diode pumping for continuous-wave and mode-locked Cr3+:LiCAF lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26, 64–79 (2009).
[CrossRef]

U. Demirbas, A. Sennaroglu, F. X. Kärtner, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Highly efficient, low-cost femtosecond Cr3+:LiCAF laser pumped by single-mode diodes,” Opt. Lett. 33, 590–592 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Sakadžić, U. Demirbas, T. R. Mempel, A. Moore, S. Ruvinskaya, D. A. Boas, A. Sennaroglu, F. X. Kärtner, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Multi-photon microscopy with a low-cost and highly efficient Cr:LiCAF laser,” Opt. Express 16, 20848–20863 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

U. Demirbas, A. Sennaroglu, A. Benedick, A. Siddiqui, F. X. Kärtner, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Diode-pumped, high-average power femtosecond Cr+3:LiCAF laser,” Opt. Lett. 32, 3309–3311 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

der Au, J. A.

J. M. Hopkins, G. J. Valentine, W. Sibbett, J. A. der Au, F. Morier-Genoud, U. Keller, and A. Valster, “Efficient, low-noise, SESAM-based femtosecond Cr3+:LiSrAlF6 laser,” Opt. Commun. 154, 54–58 (1998).
[CrossRef]

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. A. der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435–453 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Ell, R.

Emanuel, M. A.

D. Kopf, K. J. Weingarten, G. Zhang, M. Moser, M. A. Emanuel, R. J. Beach, J. A. Skidmore, and U. Keller, “High-average-power diode-pumped femtosecond Cr:LiSAF lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 235–243 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Erbert, G.

Esterowitz, L.

J. F. Pinto, L. Esterowitz, and G. H. Rosenblatt, “Frequency tripling of a Q-switched Cr:LiSAF laser to the UV region,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 58–61 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Fallnich, C.

Fernandez-Pousa, C. R.

H. Maestre, A. J. Torregrosa, J. A. Pereda, C. R. Fernandez-Pousa, and J. Capmany, “Dual-wavelength Cr3+:LiCaAlF6solid-state laser with tunable THz frequency difference,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46, 1681–1685 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Florez, L. T.

Fluck, R.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. A. der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435–453 (1996).
[CrossRef]

French, P. M. W.

R. Mellish, S. C. W. Hyde, N. P. Barry, R. Jones, P. M. W. French, J. R. Taylor, C. J. van der Poel, and A. Valster, “All-solid-state diode-pumped Cr:LiSAF femtosecond oscillator and regenerative amplifier,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 221–226 (1997).
[CrossRef]

P. M. W. French, R. Mellish, J. R. Taylor, P. J. Delfyett, and L. T. Florez, “Mode-locked all-solid-state diode-pumped Cr:LiSAF laser,” Opt. Lett. 18, 1934–1936 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fricke, J.

Fujimoto, J. G.

U. Demirbas, K.-H. Hong, J. G. Fujimoto, A. Sennaroglu, and F. X. Kärtner, “A low-cost cavity-dumped femtosecond Cr3+:LiSAF laser producing >100 nJ pulses,” Opt. Lett. 35 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Li, U. Demirbas, J. R. Birge, G. S. Petrich, L. A. Kolodziejski, A. Sennaroglu, F. X. Kärtner, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Diode-pumped passively mode-locked GHz femtosecond Cr:LiSAF laser with kW peak power,” Opt. Lett. 35, 1446–1448 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

U. Demirbas, A. Sennaroglu, F. X. Kärtner, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Generation of 15 nJ pulses from a highly efficient, low-cost multipass-cavity Cr3+:LiCAF laser,” Opt. Lett. 34, 497–499 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

U. Demirbas, A. Sennaroglu, F. X. Kärtner, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Comparative investigation of diode pumping for continuous-wave and mode-locked Cr3+:LiCAF lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26, 64–79 (2009).
[CrossRef]

U. Demirbas, D. Li, J. R. Birge, A. Sennaroglu, G. S. Petrich, L. A. Kolodziejski, F. X. Kärtner, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Low-cost, single-mode diode-pumped Cr:colquiriite lasers,” Opt. Express 17, 14374–14388 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

U. Demirbas, A. Sennaroglu, F. X. Kärtner, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Highly efficient, low-cost femtosecond Cr3+:LiCAF laser pumped by single-mode diodes,” Opt. Lett. 33, 590–592 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Sakadžić, U. Demirbas, T. R. Mempel, A. Moore, S. Ruvinskaya, D. A. Boas, A. Sennaroglu, F. X. Kärtner, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Multi-photon microscopy with a low-cost and highly efficient Cr:LiCAF laser,” Opt. Express 16, 20848–20863 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

U. Demirbas, A. Sennaroglu, A. Benedick, A. Siddiqui, F. X. Kärtner, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Diode-pumped, high-average power femtosecond Cr+3:LiCAF laser,” Opt. Lett. 32, 3309–3311 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fujitimo, J. G.

Gopinath, J. T.

Grawert, F.

Hasler, K. H.

Hirakawa, Y.

Hong, K.-H.

U. Demirbas, K.-H. Hong, J. G. Fujimoto, A. Sennaroglu, and F. X. Kärtner, “A low-cost cavity-dumped femtosecond Cr3+:LiSAF laser producing >100 nJ pulses,” Opt. Lett. 35 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hönninger, C.

C. Hönninger, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, M. Moser, and U. Keller, “Q-switching stability limits of continuous-wave passive mode locking,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 46–56 (1999).
[CrossRef]

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. A. der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435–453 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Hopkins, J. M.

J. M. Hopkins, G. J. Valentine, B. Agate, A. J. Kemp, U. Keller, and W. Sibbett, “Highly compact and efficient femtosecond Cr:LiSAF lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 360–368 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Hopkins, G. J. Valentine, W. Sibbett, J. A. der Au, F. Morier-Genoud, U. Keller, and A. Valster, “Efficient, low-noise, SESAM-based femtosecond Cr3+:LiSrAlF6 laser,” Opt. Commun. 154, 54–58 (1998).
[CrossRef]

G. J. Valentine, J. M. Hopkins, P. Loza-Alvarez, G. T. Kennedy, W. Sibbett, D. Burns, and A. Valster, “Ultralow-pump-threshold, femtosecond Cr3+:LiSrAlF6 laser pumped by a single narrow-stripe AlGaInP laser diode,” Opt. Lett. 22, 1639–1641 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Hyde, S. C. W.

R. Mellish, S. C. W. Hyde, N. P. Barry, R. Jones, P. M. W. French, J. R. Taylor, C. J. van der Poel, and A. Valster, “All-solid-state diode-pumped Cr:LiSAF femtosecond oscillator and regenerative amplifier,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 221–226 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ippen, E. P.

Isemann, A.

Jan, W. Y.

S. Tsuda, W. H. Knox, S. T. Cundiff, W. Y. Jan, and J. E. Cunningham, “Mode-locking ultrafast solid-state lasers with saturable Bragg reflectors,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 454–464 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Jenssen, H. P.

Jones, R.

R. Mellish, S. C. W. Hyde, N. P. Barry, R. Jones, P. M. W. French, J. R. Taylor, C. J. van der Poel, and A. Valster, “All-solid-state diode-pumped Cr:LiSAF femtosecond oscillator and regenerative amplifier,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 221–226 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Jung, I. D.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. A. der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435–453 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kamp, M.

F. X. Kärtner, L. R. Brovelli, D. Kopf, M. Kamp, I. Calasso, and U. Keller, “Control of solid-state laser dynamics by semiconductor devices,” Opt. Eng. 34, 2024–2036 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kärtner, F. X.

U. Demirbas, K.-H. Hong, J. G. Fujimoto, A. Sennaroglu, and F. X. Kärtner, “A low-cost cavity-dumped femtosecond Cr3+:LiSAF laser producing >100 nJ pulses,” Opt. Lett. 35 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Li, U. Demirbas, J. R. Birge, G. S. Petrich, L. A. Kolodziejski, A. Sennaroglu, F. X. Kärtner, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Diode-pumped passively mode-locked GHz femtosecond Cr:LiSAF laser with kW peak power,” Opt. Lett. 35, 1446–1448 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

U. Demirbas, A. Sennaroglu, F. X. Kärtner, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Generation of 15 nJ pulses from a highly efficient, low-cost multipass-cavity Cr3+:LiCAF laser,” Opt. Lett. 34, 497–499 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

U. Demirbas, D. Li, J. R. Birge, A. Sennaroglu, G. S. Petrich, L. A. Kolodziejski, F. X. Kärtner, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Low-cost, single-mode diode-pumped Cr:colquiriite lasers,” Opt. Express 17, 14374–14388 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

U. Demirbas, A. Sennaroglu, F. X. Kärtner, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Comparative investigation of diode pumping for continuous-wave and mode-locked Cr3+:LiCAF lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26, 64–79 (2009).
[CrossRef]

U. Demirbas, A. Sennaroglu, F. X. Kärtner, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Highly efficient, low-cost femtosecond Cr3+:LiCAF laser pumped by single-mode diodes,” Opt. Lett. 33, 590–592 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Sakadžić, U. Demirbas, T. R. Mempel, A. Moore, S. Ruvinskaya, D. A. Boas, A. Sennaroglu, F. X. Kärtner, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Multi-photon microscopy with a low-cost and highly efficient Cr:LiCAF laser,” Opt. Express 16, 20848–20863 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. R. Birge and F. X. Kärtner, “Efficient optimization of multilayer coatings for ultrafast optics using analytic gradients of dispersion,” Appl. Opt. 46, 2656–2662 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

U. Demirbas, A. Sennaroglu, A. Benedick, A. Siddiqui, F. X. Kärtner, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Diode-pumped, high-average power femtosecond Cr+3:LiCAF laser,” Opt. Lett. 32, 3309–3311 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. N. Tandon, J. T. Gopinath, H. M. Shen, G. S. Petrich, L. A. Kolodziejski, F. X. Kärtner, and E. P. Ippen, “Large-area broadband saturable Bragg reflectors by use of oxidized AlAs,” Opt. Lett. 29, 2551–2553 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. P. Prasankumar, Y. Hirakawa, A. M. J. Kowalevicz, F. X. Kärtner, J. G. Fujitimo, and W. H. Knox, “An extended cavity femtosecond Cr:LiSAF laser pumped by low cost diode lasers,” Opt. Express 11, 1265–1269 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Wagenblast, R. Ell, U. Morgner, F. Grawert, and F. X. Kärtner, “Diode-pumped 10 fsCr3+:LiCAF laser,” Opt. Lett. 28, 1713–1715(2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Wagenblast, U. Morgner, F. Grawert, V. Scheuer, G. Angelow, M. J. Lederer, and F. X. Kärtner, “Generation of sub-10-fs pulses from a Kerr-lens mode-locked Cr3+:LiCAF laser oscillator using third-order dispersion-compensating double-chirped mirrors,” Opt. Lett. 27, 1726–1729 (2002).
[CrossRef]

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. A. der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435–453 (1996).
[CrossRef]

F. X. Kärtner, L. R. Brovelli, D. Kopf, M. Kamp, I. Calasso, and U. Keller, “Control of solid-state laser dynamics by semiconductor devices,” Opt. Eng. 34, 2024–2036 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Keller, U.

J. M. Hopkins, G. J. Valentine, B. Agate, A. J. Kemp, U. Keller, and W. Sibbett, “Highly compact and efficient femtosecond Cr:LiSAF lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 360–368 (2002).
[CrossRef]

B. Agate, B. Stormont, A. J. Kemp, C. T. A. Brown, U. Keller, and W. Sibbett, “Simplified cavity designs for efficient and compact femtosecond Cr:LiSAF lasers,” Opt. Commun. 205, 207–213(2002).
[CrossRef]

C. Hönninger, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, M. Moser, and U. Keller, “Q-switching stability limits of continuous-wave passive mode locking,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 46–56 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Hopkins, G. J. Valentine, W. Sibbett, J. A. der Au, F. Morier-Genoud, U. Keller, and A. Valster, “Efficient, low-noise, SESAM-based femtosecond Cr3+:LiSrAlF6 laser,” Opt. Commun. 154, 54–58 (1998).
[CrossRef]

D. Kopf, K. J. Weingarten, G. Zhang, M. Moser, M. A. Emanuel, R. J. Beach, J. A. Skidmore, and U. Keller, “High-average-power diode-pumped femtosecond Cr:LiSAF lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 235–243 (1997).
[CrossRef]

D. Kopf, A. Prasad, G. Zhang, M. Moser, and U. Keller, “Broadly tunable femtosecond Cr:LiSAF laser,” Opt. Lett. 22, 621–623(1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. A. der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435–453 (1996).
[CrossRef]

F. X. Kärtner, L. R. Brovelli, D. Kopf, M. Kamp, I. Calasso, and U. Keller, “Control of solid-state laser dynamics by semiconductor devices,” Opt. Eng. 34, 2024–2036 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kemp, A. J.

J. M. Hopkins, G. J. Valentine, B. Agate, A. J. Kemp, U. Keller, and W. Sibbett, “Highly compact and efficient femtosecond Cr:LiSAF lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 360–368 (2002).
[CrossRef]

B. Agate, B. Stormont, A. J. Kemp, C. T. A. Brown, U. Keller, and W. Sibbett, “Simplified cavity designs for efficient and compact femtosecond Cr:LiSAF lasers,” Opt. Commun. 205, 207–213(2002).
[CrossRef]

Kennedy, G. T.

Knappe, R.

A. Robertson, R. Knappe, and R. Wallenstein, “Diode-pumped broadly tunable (809–910 nm) femtosecond Cr:LiSAF laser,” Opt. Commun. 147, 294–298 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Knox, W. H.

R. P. Prasankumar, Y. Hirakawa, A. M. J. Kowalevicz, F. X. Kärtner, J. G. Fujitimo, and W. H. Knox, “An extended cavity femtosecond Cr:LiSAF laser pumped by low cost diode lasers,” Opt. Express 11, 1265–1269 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Tsuda, W. H. Knox, and S. T. Cundiff, “High efficiency diode pumping of a saturable Bragg reflector-mode-locked Cr:LiSAF femtosecond laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 1538–1540 (1996).
[CrossRef]

S. Tsuda, W. H. Knox, S. T. Cundiff, W. Y. Jan, and J. E. Cunningham, “Mode-locking ultrafast solid-state lasers with saturable Bragg reflectors,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 454–464 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kolodziejski, L. A.

Kopf, D.

D. Kopf, A. Prasad, G. Zhang, M. Moser, and U. Keller, “Broadly tunable femtosecond Cr:LiSAF laser,” Opt. Lett. 22, 621–623(1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Kopf, K. J. Weingarten, G. Zhang, M. Moser, M. A. Emanuel, R. J. Beach, J. A. Skidmore, and U. Keller, “High-average-power diode-pumped femtosecond Cr:LiSAF lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 235–243 (1997).
[CrossRef]

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. A. der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435–453 (1996).
[CrossRef]

F. X. Kärtner, L. R. Brovelli, D. Kopf, M. Kamp, I. Calasso, and U. Keller, “Control of solid-state laser dynamics by semiconductor devices,” Opt. Eng. 34, 2024–2036 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kowalevicz, A. M. J.

Krupke, W. F.

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, H. W. Newkirk, L. K. Smith, and W. F. Krupke, “LiCaAlF6:Cr3+ a promising new solid-state laser material,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 2243–2252 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Kway, W. L.

L. K. Smith, S. A. Payne, W. L. Kway, L. L. Chase, and B. H. T. Chai, “Investigation of the laser properties of Cr3+:LiSrGaF6,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2612–2618 (1992).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and H. W. Newkirk, “Laser performance of LiSAIF6:Cr3+,” J. Appl. Phys. 66, 1051–1056 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Lederer, M. J.

Li, D.

Long, M.

Loza-Alvarez, P.

Maestre, H.

H. Maestre, A. J. Torregrosa, J. A. Pereda, C. R. Fernandez-Pousa, and J. Capmany, “Dual-wavelength Cr3+:LiCaAlF6solid-state laser with tunable THz frequency difference,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46, 1681–1685 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Matuschek, N.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. A. der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435–453 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Mellish, R.

R. Mellish, S. C. W. Hyde, N. P. Barry, R. Jones, P. M. W. French, J. R. Taylor, C. J. van der Poel, and A. Valster, “All-solid-state diode-pumped Cr:LiSAF femtosecond oscillator and regenerative amplifier,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 221–226 (1997).
[CrossRef]

P. M. W. French, R. Mellish, J. R. Taylor, P. J. Delfyett, and L. T. Florez, “Mode-locked all-solid-state diode-pumped Cr:LiSAF laser,” Opt. Lett. 18, 1934–1936 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mempel, T. R.

Moore, A.

Morgner, U.

Morier-Genoud, F.

C. Hönninger, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, M. Moser, and U. Keller, “Q-switching stability limits of continuous-wave passive mode locking,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 46–56 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Hopkins, G. J. Valentine, W. Sibbett, J. A. der Au, F. Morier-Genoud, U. Keller, and A. Valster, “Efficient, low-noise, SESAM-based femtosecond Cr3+:LiSrAlF6 laser,” Opt. Commun. 154, 54–58 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Morris, R. C.

Moser, M.

Myers, J. F.

Newkirk, H. W.

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and H. W. Newkirk, “Laser performance of LiSAIF6:Cr3+,” J. Appl. Phys. 66, 1051–1056 (1989).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, H. W. Newkirk, L. K. Smith, and W. F. Krupke, “LiCaAlF6:Cr3+ a promising new solid-state laser material,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 2243–2252 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Paschotta, R.

Payne, S. A.

L. K. Smith, S. A. Payne, W. L. Kway, L. L. Chase, and B. H. T. Chai, “Investigation of the laser properties of Cr3+:LiSrGaF6,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2612–2618 (1992).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and H. W. Newkirk, “Laser performance of LiSAIF6:Cr3+,” J. Appl. Phys. 66, 1051–1056 (1989).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, H. W. Newkirk, L. K. Smith, and W. F. Krupke, “LiCaAlF6:Cr3+ a promising new solid-state laser material,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 2243–2252 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Pereda, J. A.

H. Maestre, A. J. Torregrosa, J. A. Pereda, C. R. Fernandez-Pousa, and J. Capmany, “Dual-wavelength Cr3+:LiCaAlF6solid-state laser with tunable THz frequency difference,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46, 1681–1685 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Petrich, G. S.

Pinto, J. F.

J. F. Pinto, L. Esterowitz, and G. H. Rosenblatt, “Frequency tripling of a Q-switched Cr:LiSAF laser to the UV region,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 58–61 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Prasad, A.

Prasankumar, R. P.

Ressel, P.

Robertson, A.

A. Robertson, R. Knappe, and R. Wallenstein, “Diode-pumped broadly tunable (809–910 nm) femtosecond Cr:LiSAF laser,” Opt. Commun. 147, 294–298 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Rosenberg, A.

Rosenblatt, G. H.

J. F. Pinto, L. Esterowitz, and G. H. Rosenblatt, “Frequency tripling of a Q-switched Cr:LiSAF laser to the UV region,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 58–61 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Rudiger, I.

Ruvinskaya, S.

Sakadžic, S.

Scheps, R.

Scheuer, V.

Sennaroglu, A.

U. Demirbas, K.-H. Hong, J. G. Fujimoto, A. Sennaroglu, and F. X. Kärtner, “A low-cost cavity-dumped femtosecond Cr3+:LiSAF laser producing >100 nJ pulses,” Opt. Lett. 35 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Li, U. Demirbas, J. R. Birge, G. S. Petrich, L. A. Kolodziejski, A. Sennaroglu, F. X. Kärtner, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Diode-pumped passively mode-locked GHz femtosecond Cr:LiSAF laser with kW peak power,” Opt. Lett. 35, 1446–1448 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

U. Demirbas, A. Sennaroglu, F. X. Kärtner, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Generation of 15 nJ pulses from a highly efficient, low-cost multipass-cavity Cr3+:LiCAF laser,” Opt. Lett. 34, 497–499 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

U. Demirbas, A. Sennaroglu, F. X. Kärtner, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Comparative investigation of diode pumping for continuous-wave and mode-locked Cr3+:LiCAF lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26, 64–79 (2009).
[CrossRef]

U. Demirbas, D. Li, J. R. Birge, A. Sennaroglu, G. S. Petrich, L. A. Kolodziejski, F. X. Kärtner, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Low-cost, single-mode diode-pumped Cr:colquiriite lasers,” Opt. Express 17, 14374–14388 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

U. Demirbas, A. Sennaroglu, F. X. Kärtner, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Highly efficient, low-cost femtosecond Cr3+:LiCAF laser pumped by single-mode diodes,” Opt. Lett. 33, 590–592 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Sakadžić, U. Demirbas, T. R. Mempel, A. Moore, S. Ruvinskaya, D. A. Boas, A. Sennaroglu, F. X. Kärtner, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Multi-photon microscopy with a low-cost and highly efficient Cr:LiCAF laser,” Opt. Express 16, 20848–20863 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

U. Demirbas, A. Sennaroglu, A. Benedick, A. Siddiqui, F. X. Kärtner, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Diode-pumped, high-average power femtosecond Cr+3:LiCAF laser,” Opt. Lett. 32, 3309–3311 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Serreze, H. B.

Shear, J. B.

C. Xu, W. Zipfel, J. B. Shear, R. M. Williams, and W. W. Webb, “Multiphoton fluorescence excitation: New spectral windows for biological nonlinear microscopy,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 93, 10763–10768 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shen, H. M.

Sibbett, W.

B. Agate, B. Stormont, A. J. Kemp, C. T. A. Brown, U. Keller, and W. Sibbett, “Simplified cavity designs for efficient and compact femtosecond Cr:LiSAF lasers,” Opt. Commun. 205, 207–213(2002).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Hopkins, G. J. Valentine, B. Agate, A. J. Kemp, U. Keller, and W. Sibbett, “Highly compact and efficient femtosecond Cr:LiSAF lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 360–368 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Hopkins, G. J. Valentine, W. Sibbett, J. A. der Au, F. Morier-Genoud, U. Keller, and A. Valster, “Efficient, low-noise, SESAM-based femtosecond Cr3+:LiSrAlF6 laser,” Opt. Commun. 154, 54–58 (1998).
[CrossRef]

G. J. Valentine, J. M. Hopkins, P. Loza-Alvarez, G. T. Kennedy, W. Sibbett, D. Burns, and A. Valster, “Ultralow-pump-threshold, femtosecond Cr3+:LiSrAlF6 laser pumped by a single narrow-stripe AlGaInP laser diode,” Opt. Lett. 22, 1639–1641 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Siddiqui, A.

Skidmore, J. A.

D. Kopf, K. J. Weingarten, G. Zhang, M. Moser, M. A. Emanuel, R. J. Beach, J. A. Skidmore, and U. Keller, “High-average-power diode-pumped femtosecond Cr:LiSAF lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 235–243 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Smith, L. K.

L. K. Smith, S. A. Payne, W. L. Kway, L. L. Chase, and B. H. T. Chai, “Investigation of the laser properties of Cr3+:LiSrGaF6,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2612–2618 (1992).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and H. W. Newkirk, “Laser performance of LiSAIF6:Cr3+,” J. Appl. Phys. 66, 1051–1056 (1989).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, H. W. Newkirk, L. K. Smith, and W. F. Krupke, “LiCaAlF6:Cr3+ a promising new solid-state laser material,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 2243–2252 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Sorokin, E.

E. Sorokin, “Solid-state materials for few-cycle pulse generation and amplification,” in Few-Cycle Laser Pulse Generation and Its Applications, F.X.Kärtner, ed. (Springer-Verlag, 2004), pp. 3–71.

I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, E. Wintner, A. Cassanho, H. P. Jenssen, and R. Szipocs, “14 fs pulse generation in Kerr-lens mode-locked prismless Cr:LiSGaF and Cr:LiSAF lasers: observation of pulse self-frequency shift,” Opt. Lett. 22, 1716–1718(1997).
[CrossRef]

Sorokina, I. T.

Stormont, B.

B. Agate, B. Stormont, A. J. Kemp, C. T. A. Brown, U. Keller, and W. Sibbett, “Simplified cavity designs for efficient and compact femtosecond Cr:LiSAF lasers,” Opt. Commun. 205, 207–213(2002).
[CrossRef]

Sumpf, B.

Szipocs, R.

Tandon, S. N.

Taylor, J. R.

R. Mellish, S. C. W. Hyde, N. P. Barry, R. Jones, P. M. W. French, J. R. Taylor, C. J. van der Poel, and A. Valster, “All-solid-state diode-pumped Cr:LiSAF femtosecond oscillator and regenerative amplifier,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 221–226 (1997).
[CrossRef]

P. M. W. French, R. Mellish, J. R. Taylor, P. J. Delfyett, and L. T. Florez, “Mode-locked all-solid-state diode-pumped Cr:LiSAF laser,” Opt. Lett. 18, 1934–1936 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Torizuka, K.

S. Uemura and K. Torizuka, “Generation of 10 fs pulses from a diode-pumped Kerr-lens mode-locked Cr:LiSAF laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3472–3473 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Torregrosa, A. J.

H. Maestre, A. J. Torregrosa, J. A. Pereda, C. R. Fernandez-Pousa, and J. Capmany, “Dual-wavelength Cr3+:LiCaAlF6solid-state laser with tunable THz frequency difference,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46, 1681–1685 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Trankle, G.

Tsuda, S.

S. Tsuda, W. H. Knox, S. T. Cundiff, W. Y. Jan, and J. E. Cunningham, “Mode-locking ultrafast solid-state lasers with saturable Bragg reflectors,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 454–464 (1996).
[CrossRef]

S. Tsuda, W. H. Knox, and S. T. Cundiff, “High efficiency diode pumping of a saturable Bragg reflector-mode-locked Cr:LiSAF femtosecond laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 1538–1540 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Uemura, S.

S. Uemura and K. Torizuka, “Generation of 10 fs pulses from a diode-pumped Kerr-lens mode-locked Cr:LiSAF laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3472–3473 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Valentine, G. J.

J. M. Hopkins, G. J. Valentine, B. Agate, A. J. Kemp, U. Keller, and W. Sibbett, “Highly compact and efficient femtosecond Cr:LiSAF lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 360–368 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Hopkins, G. J. Valentine, W. Sibbett, J. A. der Au, F. Morier-Genoud, U. Keller, and A. Valster, “Efficient, low-noise, SESAM-based femtosecond Cr3+:LiSrAlF6 laser,” Opt. Commun. 154, 54–58 (1998).
[CrossRef]

G. J. Valentine, J. M. Hopkins, P. Loza-Alvarez, G. T. Kennedy, W. Sibbett, D. Burns, and A. Valster, “Ultralow-pump-threshold, femtosecond Cr3+:LiSrAlF6 laser pumped by a single narrow-stripe AlGaInP laser diode,” Opt. Lett. 22, 1639–1641 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Valster, A.

J. M. Hopkins, G. J. Valentine, W. Sibbett, J. A. der Au, F. Morier-Genoud, U. Keller, and A. Valster, “Efficient, low-noise, SESAM-based femtosecond Cr3+:LiSrAlF6 laser,” Opt. Commun. 154, 54–58 (1998).
[CrossRef]

G. J. Valentine, J. M. Hopkins, P. Loza-Alvarez, G. T. Kennedy, W. Sibbett, D. Burns, and A. Valster, “Ultralow-pump-threshold, femtosecond Cr3+:LiSrAlF6 laser pumped by a single narrow-stripe AlGaInP laser diode,” Opt. Lett. 22, 1639–1641 (1997).
[CrossRef]

R. Mellish, S. C. W. Hyde, N. P. Barry, R. Jones, P. M. W. French, J. R. Taylor, C. J. van der Poel, and A. Valster, “All-solid-state diode-pumped Cr:LiSAF femtosecond oscillator and regenerative amplifier,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 221–226 (1997).
[CrossRef]

van der Poel, C. J.

R. Mellish, S. C. W. Hyde, N. P. Barry, R. Jones, P. M. W. French, J. R. Taylor, C. J. van der Poel, and A. Valster, “All-solid-state diode-pumped Cr:LiSAF femtosecond oscillator and regenerative amplifier,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 221–226 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Wagenblast, P.

Wallenstein, R.

A. Robertson, R. Knappe, and R. Wallenstein, “Diode-pumped broadly tunable (809–910 nm) femtosecond Cr:LiSAF laser,” Opt. Commun. 147, 294–298 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Webb, W. W.

C. Xu, W. Zipfel, J. B. Shear, R. M. Williams, and W. W. Webb, “Multiphoton fluorescence excitation: New spectral windows for biological nonlinear microscopy,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 93, 10763–10768 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Weingarten, K. J.

D. Kopf, K. J. Weingarten, G. Zhang, M. Moser, M. A. Emanuel, R. J. Beach, J. A. Skidmore, and U. Keller, “High-average-power diode-pumped femtosecond Cr:LiSAF lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 235–243 (1997).
[CrossRef]

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. A. der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435–453 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Wenzel, H.

Williams, R. M.

C. Xu, W. Zipfel, J. B. Shear, R. M. Williams, and W. W. Webb, “Multiphoton fluorescence excitation: New spectral windows for biological nonlinear microscopy,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 93, 10763–10768 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wintner, E.

Xu, C.

C. Xu, W. Zipfel, J. B. Shear, R. M. Williams, and W. W. Webb, “Multiphoton fluorescence excitation: New spectral windows for biological nonlinear microscopy,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 93, 10763–10768 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, G.

D. Kopf, K. J. Weingarten, G. Zhang, M. Moser, M. A. Emanuel, R. J. Beach, J. A. Skidmore, and U. Keller, “High-average-power diode-pumped femtosecond Cr:LiSAF lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 235–243 (1997).
[CrossRef]

D. Kopf, A. Prasad, G. Zhang, M. Moser, and U. Keller, “Broadly tunable femtosecond Cr:LiSAF laser,” Opt. Lett. 22, 621–623(1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zipfel, W.

C. Xu, W. Zipfel, J. B. Shear, R. M. Williams, and W. W. Webb, “Multiphoton fluorescence excitation: New spectral windows for biological nonlinear microscopy,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 93, 10763–10768 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zorn, M.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (2)

D. Kopf, K. J. Weingarten, G. Zhang, M. Moser, M. A. Emanuel, R. J. Beach, J. A. Skidmore, and U. Keller, “High-average-power diode-pumped femtosecond Cr:LiSAF lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 235–243 (1997).
[CrossRef]

R. Mellish, S. C. W. Hyde, N. P. Barry, R. Jones, P. M. W. French, J. R. Taylor, C. J. van der Poel, and A. Valster, “All-solid-state diode-pumped Cr:LiSAF femtosecond oscillator and regenerative amplifier,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 221–226 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

S. Tsuda, W. H. Knox, and S. T. Cundiff, “High efficiency diode pumping of a saturable Bragg reflector-mode-locked Cr:LiSAF femtosecond laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 1538–1540 (1996).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (4)

H. Maestre, A. J. Torregrosa, J. A. Pereda, C. R. Fernandez-Pousa, and J. Capmany, “Dual-wavelength Cr3+:LiCaAlF6solid-state laser with tunable THz frequency difference,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46, 1681–1685 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. K. Smith, S. A. Payne, W. L. Kway, L. L. Chase, and B. H. T. Chai, “Investigation of the laser properties of Cr3+:LiSrGaF6,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2612–2618 (1992).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, H. W. Newkirk, L. K. Smith, and W. F. Krupke, “LiCaAlF6:Cr3+ a promising new solid-state laser material,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 2243–2252 (1988).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Hopkins, G. J. Valentine, B. Agate, A. J. Kemp, U. Keller, and W. Sibbett, “Highly compact and efficient femtosecond Cr:LiSAF lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 360–368 (2002).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (3)

J. F. Pinto, L. Esterowitz, and G. H. Rosenblatt, “Frequency tripling of a Q-switched Cr:LiSAF laser to the UV region,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 58–61 (1995).
[CrossRef]

S. Tsuda, W. H. Knox, S. T. Cundiff, W. Y. Jan, and J. E. Cunningham, “Mode-locking ultrafast solid-state lasers with saturable Bragg reflectors,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 454–464 (1996).
[CrossRef]

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. A. der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435–453 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and H. W. Newkirk, “Laser performance of LiSAIF6:Cr3+,” J. Appl. Phys. 66, 1051–1056 (1989).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

S. Uemura and K. Torizuka, “Generation of 10 fs pulses from a diode-pumped Kerr-lens mode-locked Cr:LiSAF laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3472–3473 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (3)

A. Robertson, R. Knappe, and R. Wallenstein, “Diode-pumped broadly tunable (809–910 nm) femtosecond Cr:LiSAF laser,” Opt. Commun. 147, 294–298 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Hopkins, G. J. Valentine, W. Sibbett, J. A. der Au, F. Morier-Genoud, U. Keller, and A. Valster, “Efficient, low-noise, SESAM-based femtosecond Cr3+:LiSrAlF6 laser,” Opt. Commun. 154, 54–58 (1998).
[CrossRef]

B. Agate, B. Stormont, A. J. Kemp, C. T. A. Brown, U. Keller, and W. Sibbett, “Simplified cavity designs for efficient and compact femtosecond Cr:LiSAF lasers,” Opt. Commun. 205, 207–213(2002).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng. (1)

F. X. Kärtner, L. R. Brovelli, D. Kopf, M. Kamp, I. Calasso, and U. Keller, “Control of solid-state laser dynamics by semiconductor devices,” Opt. Eng. 34, 2024–2036 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (14)

D. Li, U. Demirbas, J. R. Birge, G. S. Petrich, L. A. Kolodziejski, A. Sennaroglu, F. X. Kärtner, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Diode-pumped passively mode-locked GHz femtosecond Cr:LiSAF laser with kW peak power,” Opt. Lett. 35, 1446–1448 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

U. Demirbas, A. Sennaroglu, A. Benedick, A. Siddiqui, F. X. Kärtner, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Diode-pumped, high-average power femtosecond Cr+3:LiCAF laser,” Opt. Lett. 32, 3309–3311 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

U. Demirbas, A. Sennaroglu, F. X. Kärtner, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Highly efficient, low-cost femtosecond Cr3+:LiCAF laser pumped by single-mode diodes,” Opt. Lett. 33, 590–592 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Wagenblast, R. Ell, U. Morgner, F. Grawert, and F. X. Kärtner, “Diode-pumped 10 fsCr3+:LiCAF laser,” Opt. Lett. 28, 1713–1715(2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. J. Valentine, J. M. Hopkins, P. Loza-Alvarez, G. T. Kennedy, W. Sibbett, D. Burns, and A. Valster, “Ultralow-pump-threshold, femtosecond Cr3+:LiSrAlF6 laser pumped by a single narrow-stripe AlGaInP laser diode,” Opt. Lett. 22, 1639–1641 (1997).
[CrossRef]

R. Scheps, J. F. Myers, H. B. Serreze, A. Rosenberg, R. C. Morris, and M. Long, “Diode-pumped Cr:LiSrAlF6 laser,” Opt. Lett. 16, 820–822 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. M. W. French, R. Mellish, J. R. Taylor, P. J. Delfyett, and L. T. Florez, “Mode-locked all-solid-state diode-pumped Cr:LiSAF laser,” Opt. Lett. 18, 1934–1936 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, E. Wintner, A. Cassanho, H. P. Jenssen, and R. Szipocs, “14 fs pulse generation in Kerr-lens mode-locked prismless Cr:LiSGaF and Cr:LiSAF lasers: observation of pulse self-frequency shift,” Opt. Lett. 22, 1716–1718(1997).
[CrossRef]

P. Wagenblast, U. Morgner, F. Grawert, V. Scheuer, G. Angelow, M. J. Lederer, and F. X. Kärtner, “Generation of sub-10-fs pulses from a Kerr-lens mode-locked Cr3+:LiCAF laser oscillator using third-order dispersion-compensating double-chirped mirrors,” Opt. Lett. 27, 1726–1729 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. N. Tandon, J. T. Gopinath, H. M. Shen, G. S. Petrich, L. A. Kolodziejski, F. X. Kärtner, and E. P. Ippen, “Large-area broadband saturable Bragg reflectors by use of oxidized AlAs,” Opt. Lett. 29, 2551–2553 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

U. Demirbas, A. Sennaroglu, F. X. Kärtner, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Generation of 15 nJ pulses from a highly efficient, low-cost multipass-cavity Cr3+:LiCAF laser,” Opt. Lett. 34, 497–499 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

U. Demirbas, K.-H. Hong, J. G. Fujimoto, A. Sennaroglu, and F. X. Kärtner, “A low-cost cavity-dumped femtosecond Cr3+:LiSAF laser producing >100 nJ pulses,” Opt. Lett. 35 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Adamiec, B. Sumpf, I. Rudiger, J. Fricke, K. H. Hasler, P. Ressel, H. Wenzel, M. Zorn, G. Erbert, and G. Trankle, “Tapered lasers emitting at 650 nm with 1 W output power with nearly diffraction-limited beam quality,” Opt. Lett. 34, 2456–2458(2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Kopf, A. Prasad, G. Zhang, M. Moser, and U. Keller, “Broadly tunable femtosecond Cr:LiSAF laser,” Opt. Lett. 22, 621–623(1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA (1)

C. Xu, W. Zipfel, J. B. Shear, R. M. Williams, and W. W. Webb, “Multiphoton fluorescence excitation: New spectral windows for biological nonlinear microscopy,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 93, 10763–10768 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (2)

U. Demirbas, “Low-cost, highly efficient and tunable ultrafast laser technology based on directly diode pumped Cr:colquiriites,” Ph.D. dissertation (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, 2010).

E. Sorokin, “Solid-state materials for few-cycle pulse generation and amplification,” in Few-Cycle Laser Pulse Generation and Its Applications, F.X.Kärtner, ed. (Springer-Verlag, 2004), pp. 3–71.

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Figures (13)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the single-mode diode-pumped Cr:LiSAF laser used in femtosecond tuning experiments around 850 nm . The estimated total cavity dispersion is 900 fs 2 per round trip. The total incident pump power on the crystal is 800 mW .

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Femtosecond tuning results with the Cr:LiSAF laser using the 850 nm SBR. The total tuning range is 45 nm (828 to 873 nm ).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Typical spectra from the Cr:LiSAF laser, showing tunability of central wavelength from 828 to 873 nm with pulse durations of < 200 fs . The data were taken with the 850 nm SBR. The calculated small-signal reflectivity of the SBR and estimated total cavity GVD are also shown.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Top, optical spectrum for the 26 fs , 1 nJ pulses obtained from the Cr:LiSAF laser with the 850 nm SBR. The calculated saturated reflectivity of the SBR is also shown. Bottom, measured background-free autocorrelation trace for the 26 fs pulses.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Femtosecond tuning results for the Cr:LiSAF laser with the 800 nm SBR. The total tuning range is 28 nm (803 to 831 nm ). At a reduced pump power level, the laser also tuned from 791 to 795 nm .

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Typical spectra from the Cr:LiSAF laser showing tunability of central wavelength from 803 to 831 nm for 140 fs pulses. The data were taken with the 800 nm SBR. Calculated small-signal reflectivity of the SBR and estimated total cavity GVD are also shown.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Femtosecond tuning results for the Cr:LiSAF laser using the 910 nm SBR. The total tuning range is 32 nm (890 to 922 nm ). Obtaining the whole tuning range required adjustment of the focus on the SBR and/or the cavity dispersion level.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Sample spectra from the Cr:LiSAF laser, showing tunability of central wavelength from 890 to 922 nm . Tuning over the whole range required additional adjustment of the focus on the SBR and/or the cavity dispersion level. The data were taken with the 910 nm SBR. Calculated small-signal reflectivity of the SBR is also shown.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Schematic of the single-mode diode-pumped Cr:LiCAF laser used in femtosecond tuning experiments around 800 nm .

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Femtosecond tuning results for the Cr:LiCAF laser using the 800 nm SBR. The laser was continuously tunable from 785 to 817 nm ( 32 nm bandwidth).

Fig. 11
Fig. 11

Typical spectra from the mode-locked Cr:LiCAF laser, showing tunability of the center wavelength from 785 to 817 nm . The data were taken with the 800 nm SBR. Calculated small-signal reflectivity of the SBR and estimated total cavity GVD are also shown.

Fig. 12
Fig. 12

Full tuning range obtained with the Cr:LiCAF laser using the 800 nm SBR. The calculated reflectivity of the SBR is also shown. The total tuning range extends from 767 to 817 nm ( 50 nm bandwidth).

Fig. 13
Fig. 13

Top, optical spectrum of the 39 fs , 1.62 nJ pulses and the calculated reflectivity curve for the 800 nm SBR and estimated total cavity dispersion. Bottom, measured background-free autocorrelation trace shows pulse durations of 39 fs .

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