Abstract

We report a multifunctional device—making an object enlarge and rotate simultaneously via composite optical transformation. The potential application, i.e., a rotatable and high-directivity two-beam lens antenna, is investigated in detail. Full-wave finite element simulations for the two-dimensional cases are performed to demonstrate the properties of this device.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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  1. J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, “Controlling electromagnetic fields,” Science 312, 1780–1782 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. U. Leonhardt, “Optical conformal mapping,” Science 312, 1777–1780 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. S. A. Cummer, B. I. Popa, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, “Full-wave simulations of electromagnetic cloaking structures,” Phys. Rev. E 74, 036621 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  4. W. Cai, U. Chettiar, A. Kildishev, and V. Shalaev, “Optical cloaking with metamaterials,” Nat. Photonics 1, 224–227 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  5. D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314, 977–980 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. R. Liu, C. Ji, J. J. Mock, J. Y. Chin, T. J. Cui, and D. R. Smith, “Broadband ground-plane cloak,” Science 323, 366–369(2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. J. Valentine, J. Li, T. Zentgraf, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “An optical cloak made of dielectrics,” Nat. Materials 8, 568–571(2009).
    [CrossRef]
  8. L. H. Gabrielli, J. Cardenas, C. Poitras, and M. Lipson, “Silicon nanostructure cloak operating at optical frequencies,” Nat. Photonics 3, 461–463 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  9. C. Li, X. Liu, and F. Li, “Experimental observation of invisibility to a broadband electromagnetic pulse by a cloak using transformation media based on inductor-capacitor networks,” Phys. Rev. B 81, 115133 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  10. T. Ergin, N. Stenger, P. Brenner, J. B. Pendry, and M. Wegener, “Three-dimensional invisibility cloak at optical wavelengths,” Science 328, 337–339 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. H. Y. Chen, C. T. Chan, and P. Shen, “Transformation optics and metamaterials,” Nat. Materials 9, 387–396 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  12. M. Kadic, S. Guenneau, and S. Enoch, “Transformational plasmonics: cloak, concentrator, and rotator for SPPs,” Opt. Express 18, 12027–12032 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. Y. Luo and S. Z. Zhu, “Design of electromagnetic cloaks with the same scattering patterns of a reduced perfect electric conducting line or ring,” Phys. Rev. E 82, 036606 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  14. B. L. Zhang, H. S. Chen, B.-I. Wu, and J. A. Kong, “Extraordinary surface voltage effect in the invisibility cloak with an active device inside,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 063904 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. Z. Ruan, M. Yan, C. W. Neff, and M. Qiu, “Ideal cylindrical cloak: perfect but sensitive to tiny perturbations,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 113903 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. C. W. Qiu, L. Hu, X. Xu, and Y. Feng, “Spherical cloaking with homogeneous isotropic multilayered structures,” Phys. Rev. E 79, 047602 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  17. C. W. Qiu, A. Novitsky, H. Ma, and S. Qu, “Electromagnetic interaction of arbitrary radial-dependent anisotropic spheres and improved invisibility for nonlinear-transformation-based cloaks,” Phys. Rev. E 80, 016604 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  18. J. Hu, X. M. Zhou, and G. K. Hu, “Nonsingular two dimensional cloak of arbitrary shape,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 011107 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  19. P. Zhang, Y. Jin, and S. He, “Obtaining a nonsingular two-dimensional cloak of complex shape from a perfect three-dimensional cloak,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 243502 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  20. H. Ma, S. Qu, Z. Xu, J. Zhang, B. Chen, and J. Wang, “Material parameter equation for elliptical cylindrical cloaks,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 013825 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  21. W. X. Jiang, J. Y. Chin, Z. Li, Q. Cheng, R. Liu, and T. J. Cui, “Analytical design of conformally invisible cloaks for arbitrarily shaped objects,” Phys. Rev. E 77, 066607 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  22. Z. Liang, P. Yao, X. Sun, and X. Jiang, “The physical picture and the essential elements of the dynamical process for dispersive cloaking structures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 131118 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  23. C. Li and F. Li, “Two-dimensional electromagnetic cloaks with arbitrary geometries,” Opt. Express 16, 13414–13420 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. W. Li, J. G. Guan, Z. G. Sun, W. Wang, and Q. J. Zhang, “A near-perfect invisibility cloak constructed with homogeneous materials,” Opt. Express 17, 23410–23416 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  25. E. Cojocaru, “Exact analytical approaches for elliptic cylindrical invisibility cloaks,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26, 1119–1123 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  26. G. Castaldi, I. Gallina, V. Galdi, A. Alù, and N. Engheta, “Power scattering and absorption mediated by cloak/anti-cloak interactions: a transformation-optics route toward invisible sensors,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27, 2132–2140 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  27. C. Blanchard, B. I. Wu, J. A. Portí, H. Chen, B. Zhang, J. A. Morente, and A. Salinas, “Response of dispersive cylindrical cloaks to a nonmonochromatic plane wave,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26, 2117–2124 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  28. A. Mandatori, A. Benedetti, C. Sibilia, and M. Bertolotti, “Application of ray-path geometry to the design of an optical cloaking structure,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25, 1580–1584 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  29. M. Rahm, D. Schurig, D. A. Roberts, S. A. Cummer, D. R. Smith, and J. B. Pendry, “Design of electromagnetic cloaks and concentrators using form-invariant coordinate transformations of Maxwell’s equations,” Photo. Nanostructure 6, 87–95 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  30. W. X. Jiang, T. J. Cui, X. M. Yang, Q. Cheng, R. Liu, and D. R. Smith, “Invisibility cloak without singularity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 194102 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  31. C. Li, K. Yao, and F. Li, “Two-dimensional electromagnetic cloaks with non-conformal inner and outer boundaries,” Opt. Express 16, 19366–19374 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  32. B. Ivsic, Z. Sipus, and S. Hrabar, “Analysis of uniaxial multilayer cylinders used for invisible cloak realization,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 57, 1521–1527 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  33. H. Ma, S. Qu, Z. Xu, and J. Wang, “The open cloak,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 103501 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  34. T. Han, C. W. Oiu, and X. H. Tang, “The general two-dimensional open-closed cloak with tunable inherent discontinuity and directional communication,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 124104(2010).
    [CrossRef]
  35. T. Yang, H. Y. Chen, X. Luo, and H. Ma, “Superscatterer: enhancement of scattering with complementary media,” Opt. Express 16, 18545–18550 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  36. Y. Lai, J. Ng, H. Y. Chen, D. Han, J. Xiao, Z. Zhang, and C. T. Chan, “Illusion optics: the optical transformation of an object into another object,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 253902(2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  37. J. Ng, H. Y. Chen, and C. T. Chan, “Metamaterial frequency-selective superabsorber,” Opt. Lett. 34, 644–646 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  38. X. Luo, T. Yang, Y. Guo, H. Y. Chen, and H. Ma, “Conceal an entrance by means of superscatterer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 223513 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  39. C. Li, X. Meng, X. Liu, F. Li, G. Fan, H. Y. Chen, and C. T. Chan, “Experimental realization of a circuit-based broadband illusion-optics analogue,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 233906 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  40. E. Cojocaru, “Equiscatterer with complementary coordinate-transformed cylindrical media,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27, 895–898(2010).
    [CrossRef]
  41. J. Zhang, Y. Luo, H. Chen, J. Huangfu, B. I. Wu, L. Ran, and J. Kong, “Guiding waves through an invisible tunnel,” Opt. Express 17, 6203–6208 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  42. J. Zhang, Y. Luo, and N. A. Mortensen, “Hiding levitating objects above a ground plane,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 133501 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  43. Y. Luo, J. Zhang, H. Chen, B. I. Wu, L. Ran, and J. Kong, “Wave and ray analysis of a type of cloak exhibiting magnified and shifted scattering effect,” Prog. Electromagn. Res. 95, 167–178(2009).
    [CrossRef]
  44. T. Han, X. Tang, and F. Xiao, “External cloak with homogeneous material,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys 42, 235403 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  45. Y. Sheng, K. Ding, W. Sun, and L. Zhou, “A chirality switching device designed with transformation optics,” Opt. Express 18, 21419–21426 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  46. K. Wu and G. P. Wang, “Hiding objects and creating illusions above a carpet filter using a Fourier optics approach,” Opt. Express 18, 19894–19901 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  47. Y. Lai, H. Y. Chen, Z. Q. Zhang, and C. T. Chan, “Complementary media invisibility cloak that cloaks objects at a distance outside the cloaking shell,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 093901 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  48. T. C. Han, C. W. Qiu, and X. H. Tang, “Distributed external cloak without embedded antiobjects,” Opt. Lett. 35, 2642–2644 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  49. M. Rahm, S. A. Cummer, D. Schurig, J. B. Pendry, and D. R. Smith, “Optical design of reflectionless complex media by finite embedded coordinate transformations,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 063903 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  50. H. Y. Chen, B. Hou, S. Chen, X. Ao, W. Wen, and C. T. Chan, “Design and experimental realization of a broadband transformation media field rotator at microwave frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 183903 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  51. H. Y. Chen and C. T. Chan, “Transformation media that rotate electromagnetic fields,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 241105 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  52. H. Y. Chen, R. Miao, and M. Li, “Transformation optics that mimics the system outside a Schwarzschild black hole,” Opt. Express 18, 15183–15188 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  53. T. Zentgraf, J. Valentine, N. Tapia, J. Li, and X. Zhang, “An optical ‘Janus’ device for integrated photonics,” Adv. Mater. 22, 2561–2564 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010

C. Li, X. Liu, and F. Li, “Experimental observation of invisibility to a broadband electromagnetic pulse by a cloak using transformation media based on inductor-capacitor networks,” Phys. Rev. B 81, 115133 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Ergin, N. Stenger, P. Brenner, J. B. Pendry, and M. Wegener, “Three-dimensional invisibility cloak at optical wavelengths,” Science 328, 337–339 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Y. Chen, C. T. Chan, and P. Shen, “Transformation optics and metamaterials,” Nat. Materials 9, 387–396 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Luo and S. Z. Zhu, “Design of electromagnetic cloaks with the same scattering patterns of a reduced perfect electric conducting line or ring,” Phys. Rev. E 82, 036606 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Zhang, Y. Luo, and N. A. Mortensen, “Hiding levitating objects above a ground plane,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 133501 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Han, C. W. Oiu, and X. H. Tang, “The general two-dimensional open-closed cloak with tunable inherent discontinuity and directional communication,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 124104(2010).
[CrossRef]

C. Li, X. Meng, X. Liu, F. Li, G. Fan, H. Y. Chen, and C. T. Chan, “Experimental realization of a circuit-based broadband illusion-optics analogue,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 233906 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Zentgraf, J. Valentine, N. Tapia, J. Li, and X. Zhang, “An optical ‘Janus’ device for integrated photonics,” Adv. Mater. 22, 2561–2564 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Cojocaru, “Equiscatterer with complementary coordinate-transformed cylindrical media,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27, 895–898(2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Kadic, S. Guenneau, and S. Enoch, “Transformational plasmonics: cloak, concentrator, and rotator for SPPs,” Opt. Express 18, 12027–12032 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Y. Chen, R. Miao, and M. Li, “Transformation optics that mimics the system outside a Schwarzschild black hole,” Opt. Express 18, 15183–15188 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. C. Han, C. W. Qiu, and X. H. Tang, “Distributed external cloak without embedded antiobjects,” Opt. Lett. 35, 2642–2644 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Wu and G. P. Wang, “Hiding objects and creating illusions above a carpet filter using a Fourier optics approach,” Opt. Express 18, 19894–19901 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Castaldi, I. Gallina, V. Galdi, A. Alù, and N. Engheta, “Power scattering and absorption mediated by cloak/anti-cloak interactions: a transformation-optics route toward invisible sensors,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27, 2132–2140 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Sheng, K. Ding, W. Sun, and L. Zhou, “A chirality switching device designed with transformation optics,” Opt. Express 18, 21419–21426 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

J. Ng, H. Y. Chen, and C. T. Chan, “Metamaterial frequency-selective superabsorber,” Opt. Lett. 34, 644–646 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Zhang, Y. Luo, H. Chen, J. Huangfu, B. I. Wu, L. Ran, and J. Kong, “Guiding waves through an invisible tunnel,” Opt. Express 17, 6203–6208 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Cojocaru, “Exact analytical approaches for elliptic cylindrical invisibility cloaks,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26, 1119–1123 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. Blanchard, B. I. Wu, J. A. Portí, H. Chen, B. Zhang, J. A. Morente, and A. Salinas, “Response of dispersive cylindrical cloaks to a nonmonochromatic plane wave,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26, 2117–2124 (2009).
[CrossRef]

W. Li, J. G. Guan, Z. G. Sun, W. Wang, and Q. J. Zhang, “A near-perfect invisibility cloak constructed with homogeneous materials,” Opt. Express 17, 23410–23416 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Y. Chen, B. Hou, S. Chen, X. Ao, W. Wen, and C. T. Chan, “Design and experimental realization of a broadband transformation media field rotator at microwave frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 183903 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Lai, J. Ng, H. Y. Chen, D. Han, J. Xiao, Z. Zhang, and C. T. Chan, “Illusion optics: the optical transformation of an object into another object,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 253902(2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Lai, H. Y. Chen, Z. Q. Zhang, and C. T. Chan, “Complementary media invisibility cloak that cloaks objects at a distance outside the cloaking shell,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 093901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Luo, J. Zhang, H. Chen, B. I. Wu, L. Ran, and J. Kong, “Wave and ray analysis of a type of cloak exhibiting magnified and shifted scattering effect,” Prog. Electromagn. Res. 95, 167–178(2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Han, X. Tang, and F. Xiao, “External cloak with homogeneous material,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys 42, 235403 (2009).
[CrossRef]

X. Luo, T. Yang, Y. Guo, H. Y. Chen, and H. Ma, “Conceal an entrance by means of superscatterer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 223513 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Qiu, L. Hu, X. Xu, and Y. Feng, “Spherical cloaking with homogeneous isotropic multilayered structures,” Phys. Rev. E 79, 047602 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Qiu, A. Novitsky, H. Ma, and S. Qu, “Electromagnetic interaction of arbitrary radial-dependent anisotropic spheres and improved invisibility for nonlinear-transformation-based cloaks,” Phys. Rev. E 80, 016604 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Hu, X. M. Zhou, and G. K. Hu, “Nonsingular two dimensional cloak of arbitrary shape,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 011107 (2009).
[CrossRef]

R. Liu, C. Ji, J. J. Mock, J. Y. Chin, T. J. Cui, and D. R. Smith, “Broadband ground-plane cloak,” Science 323, 366–369(2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Valentine, J. Li, T. Zentgraf, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “An optical cloak made of dielectrics,” Nat. Materials 8, 568–571(2009).
[CrossRef]

L. H. Gabrielli, J. Cardenas, C. Poitras, and M. Lipson, “Silicon nanostructure cloak operating at optical frequencies,” Nat. Photonics 3, 461–463 (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. Ivsic, Z. Sipus, and S. Hrabar, “Analysis of uniaxial multilayer cylinders used for invisible cloak realization,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 57, 1521–1527 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Ma, S. Qu, Z. Xu, and J. Wang, “The open cloak,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 103501 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

P. Zhang, Y. Jin, and S. He, “Obtaining a nonsingular two-dimensional cloak of complex shape from a perfect three-dimensional cloak,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 243502 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Ma, S. Qu, Z. Xu, J. Zhang, B. Chen, and J. Wang, “Material parameter equation for elliptical cylindrical cloaks,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 013825 (2008).
[CrossRef]

W. X. Jiang, J. Y. Chin, Z. Li, Q. Cheng, R. Liu, and T. J. Cui, “Analytical design of conformally invisible cloaks for arbitrarily shaped objects,” Phys. Rev. E 77, 066607 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Z. Liang, P. Yao, X. Sun, and X. Jiang, “The physical picture and the essential elements of the dynamical process for dispersive cloaking structures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 131118 (2008).
[CrossRef]

B. L. Zhang, H. S. Chen, B.-I. Wu, and J. A. Kong, “Extraordinary surface voltage effect in the invisibility cloak with an active device inside,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 063904 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Rahm, S. A. Cummer, D. Schurig, J. B. Pendry, and D. R. Smith, “Optical design of reflectionless complex media by finite embedded coordinate transformations,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 063903 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Rahm, D. Schurig, D. A. Roberts, S. A. Cummer, D. R. Smith, and J. B. Pendry, “Design of electromagnetic cloaks and concentrators using form-invariant coordinate transformations of Maxwell’s equations,” Photo. Nanostructure 6, 87–95 (2008).
[CrossRef]

W. X. Jiang, T. J. Cui, X. M. Yang, Q. Cheng, R. Liu, and D. R. Smith, “Invisibility cloak without singularity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 194102 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Li and F. Li, “Two-dimensional electromagnetic cloaks with arbitrary geometries,” Opt. Express 16, 13414–13420 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Mandatori, A. Benedetti, C. Sibilia, and M. Bertolotti, “Application of ray-path geometry to the design of an optical cloaking structure,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25, 1580–1584 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Yang, H. Y. Chen, X. Luo, and H. Ma, “Superscatterer: enhancement of scattering with complementary media,” Opt. Express 16, 18545–18550 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Li, K. Yao, and F. Li, “Two-dimensional electromagnetic cloaks with non-conformal inner and outer boundaries,” Opt. Express 16, 19366–19374 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

H. Y. Chen and C. T. Chan, “Transformation media that rotate electromagnetic fields,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 241105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Z. Ruan, M. Yan, C. W. Neff, and M. Qiu, “Ideal cylindrical cloak: perfect but sensitive to tiny perturbations,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 113903 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Cai, U. Chettiar, A. Kildishev, and V. Shalaev, “Optical cloaking with metamaterials,” Nat. Photonics 1, 224–227 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314, 977–980 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, “Controlling electromagnetic fields,” Science 312, 1780–1782 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

U. Leonhardt, “Optical conformal mapping,” Science 312, 1777–1780 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. A. Cummer, B. I. Popa, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, “Full-wave simulations of electromagnetic cloaking structures,” Phys. Rev. E 74, 036621 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Alù, A.

Ao, X.

H. Y. Chen, B. Hou, S. Chen, X. Ao, W. Wen, and C. T. Chan, “Design and experimental realization of a broadband transformation media field rotator at microwave frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 183903 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bartal, G.

J. Valentine, J. Li, T. Zentgraf, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “An optical cloak made of dielectrics,” Nat. Materials 8, 568–571(2009).
[CrossRef]

Benedetti, A.

Bertolotti, M.

Blanchard, C.

Brenner, P.

T. Ergin, N. Stenger, P. Brenner, J. B. Pendry, and M. Wegener, “Three-dimensional invisibility cloak at optical wavelengths,” Science 328, 337–339 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cai, W.

W. Cai, U. Chettiar, A. Kildishev, and V. Shalaev, “Optical cloaking with metamaterials,” Nat. Photonics 1, 224–227 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Cardenas, J.

L. H. Gabrielli, J. Cardenas, C. Poitras, and M. Lipson, “Silicon nanostructure cloak operating at optical frequencies,” Nat. Photonics 3, 461–463 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Castaldi, G.

Chan, C. T.

H. Y. Chen, C. T. Chan, and P. Shen, “Transformation optics and metamaterials,” Nat. Materials 9, 387–396 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. Li, X. Meng, X. Liu, F. Li, G. Fan, H. Y. Chen, and C. T. Chan, “Experimental realization of a circuit-based broadband illusion-optics analogue,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 233906 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Y. Chen, B. Hou, S. Chen, X. Ao, W. Wen, and C. T. Chan, “Design and experimental realization of a broadband transformation media field rotator at microwave frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 183903 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Lai, J. Ng, H. Y. Chen, D. Han, J. Xiao, Z. Zhang, and C. T. Chan, “Illusion optics: the optical transformation of an object into another object,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 253902(2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Lai, H. Y. Chen, Z. Q. Zhang, and C. T. Chan, “Complementary media invisibility cloak that cloaks objects at a distance outside the cloaking shell,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 093901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Ng, H. Y. Chen, and C. T. Chan, “Metamaterial frequency-selective superabsorber,” Opt. Lett. 34, 644–646 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Y. Chen and C. T. Chan, “Transformation media that rotate electromagnetic fields,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 241105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chen, B.

H. Ma, S. Qu, Z. Xu, J. Zhang, B. Chen, and J. Wang, “Material parameter equation for elliptical cylindrical cloaks,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 013825 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chen, H.

Chen, H. S.

B. L. Zhang, H. S. Chen, B.-I. Wu, and J. A. Kong, “Extraordinary surface voltage effect in the invisibility cloak with an active device inside,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 063904 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, H. Y.

C. Li, X. Meng, X. Liu, F. Li, G. Fan, H. Y. Chen, and C. T. Chan, “Experimental realization of a circuit-based broadband illusion-optics analogue,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 233906 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Y. Chen, C. T. Chan, and P. Shen, “Transformation optics and metamaterials,” Nat. Materials 9, 387–396 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Y. Chen, R. Miao, and M. Li, “Transformation optics that mimics the system outside a Schwarzschild black hole,” Opt. Express 18, 15183–15188 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Lai, H. Y. Chen, Z. Q. Zhang, and C. T. Chan, “Complementary media invisibility cloak that cloaks objects at a distance outside the cloaking shell,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 093901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Ng, H. Y. Chen, and C. T. Chan, “Metamaterial frequency-selective superabsorber,” Opt. Lett. 34, 644–646 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Y. Chen, B. Hou, S. Chen, X. Ao, W. Wen, and C. T. Chan, “Design and experimental realization of a broadband transformation media field rotator at microwave frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 183903 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Luo, T. Yang, Y. Guo, H. Y. Chen, and H. Ma, “Conceal an entrance by means of superscatterer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 223513 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. Lai, J. Ng, H. Y. Chen, D. Han, J. Xiao, Z. Zhang, and C. T. Chan, “Illusion optics: the optical transformation of an object into another object,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 253902(2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Yang, H. Y. Chen, X. Luo, and H. Ma, “Superscatterer: enhancement of scattering with complementary media,” Opt. Express 16, 18545–18550 (2008).
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H. Y. Chen and C. T. Chan, “Transformation media that rotate electromagnetic fields,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 241105 (2007).
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H. Y. Chen, B. Hou, S. Chen, X. Ao, W. Wen, and C. T. Chan, “Design and experimental realization of a broadband transformation media field rotator at microwave frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 183903 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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W. X. Jiang, J. Y. Chin, Z. Li, Q. Cheng, R. Liu, and T. J. Cui, “Analytical design of conformally invisible cloaks for arbitrarily shaped objects,” Phys. Rev. E 77, 066607 (2008).
[CrossRef]

W. X. Jiang, T. J. Cui, X. M. Yang, Q. Cheng, R. Liu, and D. R. Smith, “Invisibility cloak without singularity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 194102 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chettiar, U.

W. Cai, U. Chettiar, A. Kildishev, and V. Shalaev, “Optical cloaking with metamaterials,” Nat. Photonics 1, 224–227 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chin, J. Y.

R. Liu, C. Ji, J. J. Mock, J. Y. Chin, T. J. Cui, and D. R. Smith, “Broadband ground-plane cloak,” Science 323, 366–369(2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. X. Jiang, J. Y. Chin, Z. Li, Q. Cheng, R. Liu, and T. J. Cui, “Analytical design of conformally invisible cloaks for arbitrarily shaped objects,” Phys. Rev. E 77, 066607 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Cojocaru, E.

Cui, T. J.

R. Liu, C. Ji, J. J. Mock, J. Y. Chin, T. J. Cui, and D. R. Smith, “Broadband ground-plane cloak,” Science 323, 366–369(2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. X. Jiang, J. Y. Chin, Z. Li, Q. Cheng, R. Liu, and T. J. Cui, “Analytical design of conformally invisible cloaks for arbitrarily shaped objects,” Phys. Rev. E 77, 066607 (2008).
[CrossRef]

W. X. Jiang, T. J. Cui, X. M. Yang, Q. Cheng, R. Liu, and D. R. Smith, “Invisibility cloak without singularity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 194102 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Cummer, S. A.

M. Rahm, S. A. Cummer, D. Schurig, J. B. Pendry, and D. R. Smith, “Optical design of reflectionless complex media by finite embedded coordinate transformations,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 063903 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Rahm, D. Schurig, D. A. Roberts, S. A. Cummer, D. R. Smith, and J. B. Pendry, “Design of electromagnetic cloaks and concentrators using form-invariant coordinate transformations of Maxwell’s equations,” Photo. Nanostructure 6, 87–95 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Cummer, B. I. Popa, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, “Full-wave simulations of electromagnetic cloaking structures,” Phys. Rev. E 74, 036621 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314, 977–980 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ding, K.

Engheta, N.

Enoch, S.

Ergin, T.

T. Ergin, N. Stenger, P. Brenner, J. B. Pendry, and M. Wegener, “Three-dimensional invisibility cloak at optical wavelengths,” Science 328, 337–339 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fan, G.

C. Li, X. Meng, X. Liu, F. Li, G. Fan, H. Y. Chen, and C. T. Chan, “Experimental realization of a circuit-based broadband illusion-optics analogue,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 233906 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Feng, Y.

C. W. Qiu, L. Hu, X. Xu, and Y. Feng, “Spherical cloaking with homogeneous isotropic multilayered structures,” Phys. Rev. E 79, 047602 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Gabrielli, L. H.

L. H. Gabrielli, J. Cardenas, C. Poitras, and M. Lipson, “Silicon nanostructure cloak operating at optical frequencies,” Nat. Photonics 3, 461–463 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Galdi, V.

Gallina, I.

Guan, J. G.

Guenneau, S.

Guo, Y.

X. Luo, T. Yang, Y. Guo, H. Y. Chen, and H. Ma, “Conceal an entrance by means of superscatterer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 223513 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Han, D.

Y. Lai, J. Ng, H. Y. Chen, D. Han, J. Xiao, Z. Zhang, and C. T. Chan, “Illusion optics: the optical transformation of an object into another object,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 253902(2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Han, T.

T. Han, C. W. Oiu, and X. H. Tang, “The general two-dimensional open-closed cloak with tunable inherent discontinuity and directional communication,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 124104(2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Han, X. Tang, and F. Xiao, “External cloak with homogeneous material,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys 42, 235403 (2009).
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Han, T. C.

He, S.

P. Zhang, Y. Jin, and S. He, “Obtaining a nonsingular two-dimensional cloak of complex shape from a perfect three-dimensional cloak,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 243502 (2008).
[CrossRef]

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H. Y. Chen, B. Hou, S. Chen, X. Ao, W. Wen, and C. T. Chan, “Design and experimental realization of a broadband transformation media field rotator at microwave frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 183903 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hrabar, S.

B. Ivsic, Z. Sipus, and S. Hrabar, “Analysis of uniaxial multilayer cylinders used for invisible cloak realization,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 57, 1521–1527 (2009).
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Hu, G. K.

J. Hu, X. M. Zhou, and G. K. Hu, “Nonsingular two dimensional cloak of arbitrary shape,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 011107 (2009).
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Hu, J.

J. Hu, X. M. Zhou, and G. K. Hu, “Nonsingular two dimensional cloak of arbitrary shape,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 011107 (2009).
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Hu, L.

C. W. Qiu, L. Hu, X. Xu, and Y. Feng, “Spherical cloaking with homogeneous isotropic multilayered structures,” Phys. Rev. E 79, 047602 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Huangfu, J.

Ivsic, B.

B. Ivsic, Z. Sipus, and S. Hrabar, “Analysis of uniaxial multilayer cylinders used for invisible cloak realization,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 57, 1521–1527 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ji, C.

R. Liu, C. Ji, J. J. Mock, J. Y. Chin, T. J. Cui, and D. R. Smith, “Broadband ground-plane cloak,” Science 323, 366–369(2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jiang, W. X.

W. X. Jiang, J. Y. Chin, Z. Li, Q. Cheng, R. Liu, and T. J. Cui, “Analytical design of conformally invisible cloaks for arbitrarily shaped objects,” Phys. Rev. E 77, 066607 (2008).
[CrossRef]

W. X. Jiang, T. J. Cui, X. M. Yang, Q. Cheng, R. Liu, and D. R. Smith, “Invisibility cloak without singularity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 194102 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, X.

Z. Liang, P. Yao, X. Sun, and X. Jiang, “The physical picture and the essential elements of the dynamical process for dispersive cloaking structures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 131118 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Jin, Y.

P. Zhang, Y. Jin, and S. He, “Obtaining a nonsingular two-dimensional cloak of complex shape from a perfect three-dimensional cloak,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 243502 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Justice, B. J.

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314, 977–980 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kadic, M.

Kildishev, A.

W. Cai, U. Chettiar, A. Kildishev, and V. Shalaev, “Optical cloaking with metamaterials,” Nat. Photonics 1, 224–227 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kong, J.

J. Zhang, Y. Luo, H. Chen, J. Huangfu, B. I. Wu, L. Ran, and J. Kong, “Guiding waves through an invisible tunnel,” Opt. Express 17, 6203–6208 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Luo, J. Zhang, H. Chen, B. I. Wu, L. Ran, and J. Kong, “Wave and ray analysis of a type of cloak exhibiting magnified and shifted scattering effect,” Prog. Electromagn. Res. 95, 167–178(2009).
[CrossRef]

Kong, J. A.

B. L. Zhang, H. S. Chen, B.-I. Wu, and J. A. Kong, “Extraordinary surface voltage effect in the invisibility cloak with an active device inside,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 063904 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Y. Lai, J. Ng, H. Y. Chen, D. Han, J. Xiao, Z. Zhang, and C. T. Chan, “Illusion optics: the optical transformation of an object into another object,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 253902(2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Lai, H. Y. Chen, Z. Q. Zhang, and C. T. Chan, “Complementary media invisibility cloak that cloaks objects at a distance outside the cloaking shell,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 093901 (2009).
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U. Leonhardt, “Optical conformal mapping,” Science 312, 1777–1780 (2006).
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C. Li, X. Meng, X. Liu, F. Li, G. Fan, H. Y. Chen, and C. T. Chan, “Experimental realization of a circuit-based broadband illusion-optics analogue,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 233906 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. Li, X. Liu, and F. Li, “Experimental observation of invisibility to a broadband electromagnetic pulse by a cloak using transformation media based on inductor-capacitor networks,” Phys. Rev. B 81, 115133 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. Li, K. Yao, and F. Li, “Two-dimensional electromagnetic cloaks with non-conformal inner and outer boundaries,” Opt. Express 16, 19366–19374 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Li and F. Li, “Two-dimensional electromagnetic cloaks with arbitrary geometries,” Opt. Express 16, 13414–13420 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, F.

C. Li, X. Meng, X. Liu, F. Li, G. Fan, H. Y. Chen, and C. T. Chan, “Experimental realization of a circuit-based broadband illusion-optics analogue,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 233906 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. Li, X. Liu, and F. Li, “Experimental observation of invisibility to a broadband electromagnetic pulse by a cloak using transformation media based on inductor-capacitor networks,” Phys. Rev. B 81, 115133 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. Li, K. Yao, and F. Li, “Two-dimensional electromagnetic cloaks with non-conformal inner and outer boundaries,” Opt. Express 16, 19366–19374 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Li and F. Li, “Two-dimensional electromagnetic cloaks with arbitrary geometries,” Opt. Express 16, 13414–13420 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, J.

T. Zentgraf, J. Valentine, N. Tapia, J. Li, and X. Zhang, “An optical ‘Janus’ device for integrated photonics,” Adv. Mater. 22, 2561–2564 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Valentine, J. Li, T. Zentgraf, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “An optical cloak made of dielectrics,” Nat. Materials 8, 568–571(2009).
[CrossRef]

Li, M.

Li, W.

Li, Z.

W. X. Jiang, J. Y. Chin, Z. Li, Q. Cheng, R. Liu, and T. J. Cui, “Analytical design of conformally invisible cloaks for arbitrarily shaped objects,” Phys. Rev. E 77, 066607 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Liang, Z.

Z. Liang, P. Yao, X. Sun, and X. Jiang, “The physical picture and the essential elements of the dynamical process for dispersive cloaking structures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 131118 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lipson, M.

L. H. Gabrielli, J. Cardenas, C. Poitras, and M. Lipson, “Silicon nanostructure cloak operating at optical frequencies,” Nat. Photonics 3, 461–463 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Liu, R.

R. Liu, C. Ji, J. J. Mock, J. Y. Chin, T. J. Cui, and D. R. Smith, “Broadband ground-plane cloak,” Science 323, 366–369(2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. X. Jiang, J. Y. Chin, Z. Li, Q. Cheng, R. Liu, and T. J. Cui, “Analytical design of conformally invisible cloaks for arbitrarily shaped objects,” Phys. Rev. E 77, 066607 (2008).
[CrossRef]

W. X. Jiang, T. J. Cui, X. M. Yang, Q. Cheng, R. Liu, and D. R. Smith, “Invisibility cloak without singularity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 194102 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Liu, X.

C. Li, X. Liu, and F. Li, “Experimental observation of invisibility to a broadband electromagnetic pulse by a cloak using transformation media based on inductor-capacitor networks,” Phys. Rev. B 81, 115133 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. Li, X. Meng, X. Liu, F. Li, G. Fan, H. Y. Chen, and C. T. Chan, “Experimental realization of a circuit-based broadband illusion-optics analogue,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 233906 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Luo, X.

X. Luo, T. Yang, Y. Guo, H. Y. Chen, and H. Ma, “Conceal an entrance by means of superscatterer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 223513 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Yang, H. Y. Chen, X. Luo, and H. Ma, “Superscatterer: enhancement of scattering with complementary media,” Opt. Express 16, 18545–18550 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Luo, Y.

J. Zhang, Y. Luo, and N. A. Mortensen, “Hiding levitating objects above a ground plane,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 133501 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Luo and S. Z. Zhu, “Design of electromagnetic cloaks with the same scattering patterns of a reduced perfect electric conducting line or ring,” Phys. Rev. E 82, 036606 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Luo, J. Zhang, H. Chen, B. I. Wu, L. Ran, and J. Kong, “Wave and ray analysis of a type of cloak exhibiting magnified and shifted scattering effect,” Prog. Electromagn. Res. 95, 167–178(2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Zhang, Y. Luo, H. Chen, J. Huangfu, B. I. Wu, L. Ran, and J. Kong, “Guiding waves through an invisible tunnel,” Opt. Express 17, 6203–6208 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ma, H.

H. Ma, S. Qu, Z. Xu, and J. Wang, “The open cloak,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 103501 (2009).
[CrossRef]

X. Luo, T. Yang, Y. Guo, H. Y. Chen, and H. Ma, “Conceal an entrance by means of superscatterer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 223513 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Qiu, A. Novitsky, H. Ma, and S. Qu, “Electromagnetic interaction of arbitrary radial-dependent anisotropic spheres and improved invisibility for nonlinear-transformation-based cloaks,” Phys. Rev. E 80, 016604 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Yang, H. Y. Chen, X. Luo, and H. Ma, “Superscatterer: enhancement of scattering with complementary media,” Opt. Express 16, 18545–18550 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Ma, S. Qu, Z. Xu, J. Zhang, B. Chen, and J. Wang, “Material parameter equation for elliptical cylindrical cloaks,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 013825 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Mandatori, A.

Meng, X.

C. Li, X. Meng, X. Liu, F. Li, G. Fan, H. Y. Chen, and C. T. Chan, “Experimental realization of a circuit-based broadband illusion-optics analogue,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 233906 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Miao, R.

Mock, J. J.

R. Liu, C. Ji, J. J. Mock, J. Y. Chin, T. J. Cui, and D. R. Smith, “Broadband ground-plane cloak,” Science 323, 366–369(2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314, 977–980 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Morente, J. A.

Mortensen, N. A.

J. Zhang, Y. Luo, and N. A. Mortensen, “Hiding levitating objects above a ground plane,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 133501 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Neff, C. W.

Z. Ruan, M. Yan, C. W. Neff, and M. Qiu, “Ideal cylindrical cloak: perfect but sensitive to tiny perturbations,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 113903 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ng, J.

J. Ng, H. Y. Chen, and C. T. Chan, “Metamaterial frequency-selective superabsorber,” Opt. Lett. 34, 644–646 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Lai, J. Ng, H. Y. Chen, D. Han, J. Xiao, Z. Zhang, and C. T. Chan, “Illusion optics: the optical transformation of an object into another object,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 253902(2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Novitsky, A.

C. W. Qiu, A. Novitsky, H. Ma, and S. Qu, “Electromagnetic interaction of arbitrary radial-dependent anisotropic spheres and improved invisibility for nonlinear-transformation-based cloaks,” Phys. Rev. E 80, 016604 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Oiu, C. W.

T. Han, C. W. Oiu, and X. H. Tang, “The general two-dimensional open-closed cloak with tunable inherent discontinuity and directional communication,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 124104(2010).
[CrossRef]

Pendry, J. B.

T. Ergin, N. Stenger, P. Brenner, J. B. Pendry, and M. Wegener, “Three-dimensional invisibility cloak at optical wavelengths,” Science 328, 337–339 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Rahm, D. Schurig, D. A. Roberts, S. A. Cummer, D. R. Smith, and J. B. Pendry, “Design of electromagnetic cloaks and concentrators using form-invariant coordinate transformations of Maxwell’s equations,” Photo. Nanostructure 6, 87–95 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Rahm, S. A. Cummer, D. Schurig, J. B. Pendry, and D. R. Smith, “Optical design of reflectionless complex media by finite embedded coordinate transformations,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 063903 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, “Controlling electromagnetic fields,” Science 312, 1780–1782 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314, 977–980 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Poitras, C.

L. H. Gabrielli, J. Cardenas, C. Poitras, and M. Lipson, “Silicon nanostructure cloak operating at optical frequencies,” Nat. Photonics 3, 461–463 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Popa, B. I.

S. A. Cummer, B. I. Popa, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, “Full-wave simulations of electromagnetic cloaking structures,” Phys. Rev. E 74, 036621 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Portí, J. A.

Qiu, C. W.

T. C. Han, C. W. Qiu, and X. H. Tang, “Distributed external cloak without embedded antiobjects,” Opt. Lett. 35, 2642–2644 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. W. Qiu, L. Hu, X. Xu, and Y. Feng, “Spherical cloaking with homogeneous isotropic multilayered structures,” Phys. Rev. E 79, 047602 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Qiu, A. Novitsky, H. Ma, and S. Qu, “Electromagnetic interaction of arbitrary radial-dependent anisotropic spheres and improved invisibility for nonlinear-transformation-based cloaks,” Phys. Rev. E 80, 016604 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Qiu, M.

Z. Ruan, M. Yan, C. W. Neff, and M. Qiu, “Ideal cylindrical cloak: perfect but sensitive to tiny perturbations,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 113903 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Qu, S.

H. Ma, S. Qu, Z. Xu, and J. Wang, “The open cloak,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 103501 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Qiu, A. Novitsky, H. Ma, and S. Qu, “Electromagnetic interaction of arbitrary radial-dependent anisotropic spheres and improved invisibility for nonlinear-transformation-based cloaks,” Phys. Rev. E 80, 016604 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Ma, S. Qu, Z. Xu, J. Zhang, B. Chen, and J. Wang, “Material parameter equation for elliptical cylindrical cloaks,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 013825 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Rahm, M.

M. Rahm, S. A. Cummer, D. Schurig, J. B. Pendry, and D. R. Smith, “Optical design of reflectionless complex media by finite embedded coordinate transformations,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 063903 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Rahm, D. Schurig, D. A. Roberts, S. A. Cummer, D. R. Smith, and J. B. Pendry, “Design of electromagnetic cloaks and concentrators using form-invariant coordinate transformations of Maxwell’s equations,” Photo. Nanostructure 6, 87–95 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ran, L.

J. Zhang, Y. Luo, H. Chen, J. Huangfu, B. I. Wu, L. Ran, and J. Kong, “Guiding waves through an invisible tunnel,” Opt. Express 17, 6203–6208 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Luo, J. Zhang, H. Chen, B. I. Wu, L. Ran, and J. Kong, “Wave and ray analysis of a type of cloak exhibiting magnified and shifted scattering effect,” Prog. Electromagn. Res. 95, 167–178(2009).
[CrossRef]

Roberts, D. A.

M. Rahm, D. Schurig, D. A. Roberts, S. A. Cummer, D. R. Smith, and J. B. Pendry, “Design of electromagnetic cloaks and concentrators using form-invariant coordinate transformations of Maxwell’s equations,” Photo. Nanostructure 6, 87–95 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ruan, Z.

Z. Ruan, M. Yan, C. W. Neff, and M. Qiu, “Ideal cylindrical cloak: perfect but sensitive to tiny perturbations,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 113903 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Salinas, A.

Schurig, D.

M. Rahm, D. Schurig, D. A. Roberts, S. A. Cummer, D. R. Smith, and J. B. Pendry, “Design of electromagnetic cloaks and concentrators using form-invariant coordinate transformations of Maxwell’s equations,” Photo. Nanostructure 6, 87–95 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Rahm, S. A. Cummer, D. Schurig, J. B. Pendry, and D. R. Smith, “Optical design of reflectionless complex media by finite embedded coordinate transformations,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 063903 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. A. Cummer, B. I. Popa, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, “Full-wave simulations of electromagnetic cloaking structures,” Phys. Rev. E 74, 036621 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, “Controlling electromagnetic fields,” Science 312, 1780–1782 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314, 977–980 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shalaev, V.

W. Cai, U. Chettiar, A. Kildishev, and V. Shalaev, “Optical cloaking with metamaterials,” Nat. Photonics 1, 224–227 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Shen, P.

H. Y. Chen, C. T. Chan, and P. Shen, “Transformation optics and metamaterials,” Nat. Materials 9, 387–396 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sheng, Y.

Sibilia, C.

Sipus, Z.

B. Ivsic, Z. Sipus, and S. Hrabar, “Analysis of uniaxial multilayer cylinders used for invisible cloak realization,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 57, 1521–1527 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Smith, D. R.

R. Liu, C. Ji, J. J. Mock, J. Y. Chin, T. J. Cui, and D. R. Smith, “Broadband ground-plane cloak,” Science 323, 366–369(2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Rahm, D. Schurig, D. A. Roberts, S. A. Cummer, D. R. Smith, and J. B. Pendry, “Design of electromagnetic cloaks and concentrators using form-invariant coordinate transformations of Maxwell’s equations,” Photo. Nanostructure 6, 87–95 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Rahm, S. A. Cummer, D. Schurig, J. B. Pendry, and D. R. Smith, “Optical design of reflectionless complex media by finite embedded coordinate transformations,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 063903 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. X. Jiang, T. J. Cui, X. M. Yang, Q. Cheng, R. Liu, and D. R. Smith, “Invisibility cloak without singularity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 194102 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314, 977–980 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, “Controlling electromagnetic fields,” Science 312, 1780–1782 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. A. Cummer, B. I. Popa, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, “Full-wave simulations of electromagnetic cloaking structures,” Phys. Rev. E 74, 036621 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Starr, A. F.

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314, 977–980 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stenger, N.

T. Ergin, N. Stenger, P. Brenner, J. B. Pendry, and M. Wegener, “Three-dimensional invisibility cloak at optical wavelengths,” Science 328, 337–339 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sun, W.

Sun, X.

Z. Liang, P. Yao, X. Sun, and X. Jiang, “The physical picture and the essential elements of the dynamical process for dispersive cloaking structures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 131118 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sun, Z. G.

Tang, X.

T. Han, X. Tang, and F. Xiao, “External cloak with homogeneous material,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys 42, 235403 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tang, X. H.

T. Han, C. W. Oiu, and X. H. Tang, “The general two-dimensional open-closed cloak with tunable inherent discontinuity and directional communication,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 124104(2010).
[CrossRef]

T. C. Han, C. W. Qiu, and X. H. Tang, “Distributed external cloak without embedded antiobjects,” Opt. Lett. 35, 2642–2644 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tapia, N.

T. Zentgraf, J. Valentine, N. Tapia, J. Li, and X. Zhang, “An optical ‘Janus’ device for integrated photonics,” Adv. Mater. 22, 2561–2564 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Valentine, J.

T. Zentgraf, J. Valentine, N. Tapia, J. Li, and X. Zhang, “An optical ‘Janus’ device for integrated photonics,” Adv. Mater. 22, 2561–2564 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Valentine, J. Li, T. Zentgraf, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “An optical cloak made of dielectrics,” Nat. Materials 8, 568–571(2009).
[CrossRef]

Wang, G. P.

Wang, J.

H. Ma, S. Qu, Z. Xu, and J. Wang, “The open cloak,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 103501 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Ma, S. Qu, Z. Xu, J. Zhang, B. Chen, and J. Wang, “Material parameter equation for elliptical cylindrical cloaks,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 013825 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wang, W.

Wegener, M.

T. Ergin, N. Stenger, P. Brenner, J. B. Pendry, and M. Wegener, “Three-dimensional invisibility cloak at optical wavelengths,” Science 328, 337–339 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wen, W.

H. Y. Chen, B. Hou, S. Chen, X. Ao, W. Wen, and C. T. Chan, “Design and experimental realization of a broadband transformation media field rotator at microwave frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 183903 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wu, B. I.

Wu, B.-I.

B. L. Zhang, H. S. Chen, B.-I. Wu, and J. A. Kong, “Extraordinary surface voltage effect in the invisibility cloak with an active device inside,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 063904 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wu, K.

Xiao, F.

T. Han, X. Tang, and F. Xiao, “External cloak with homogeneous material,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys 42, 235403 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Xiao, J.

Y. Lai, J. Ng, H. Y. Chen, D. Han, J. Xiao, Z. Zhang, and C. T. Chan, “Illusion optics: the optical transformation of an object into another object,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 253902(2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xu, X.

C. W. Qiu, L. Hu, X. Xu, and Y. Feng, “Spherical cloaking with homogeneous isotropic multilayered structures,” Phys. Rev. E 79, 047602 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Xu, Z.

H. Ma, S. Qu, Z. Xu, and J. Wang, “The open cloak,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 103501 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Ma, S. Qu, Z. Xu, J. Zhang, B. Chen, and J. Wang, “Material parameter equation for elliptical cylindrical cloaks,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 013825 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yan, M.

Z. Ruan, M. Yan, C. W. Neff, and M. Qiu, “Ideal cylindrical cloak: perfect but sensitive to tiny perturbations,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 113903 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yang, T.

X. Luo, T. Yang, Y. Guo, H. Y. Chen, and H. Ma, “Conceal an entrance by means of superscatterer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 223513 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Yang, H. Y. Chen, X. Luo, and H. Ma, “Superscatterer: enhancement of scattering with complementary media,” Opt. Express 16, 18545–18550 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yang, X. M.

W. X. Jiang, T. J. Cui, X. M. Yang, Q. Cheng, R. Liu, and D. R. Smith, “Invisibility cloak without singularity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 194102 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yao, K.

Yao, P.

Z. Liang, P. Yao, X. Sun, and X. Jiang, “The physical picture and the essential elements of the dynamical process for dispersive cloaking structures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 131118 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zentgraf, T.

T. Zentgraf, J. Valentine, N. Tapia, J. Li, and X. Zhang, “An optical ‘Janus’ device for integrated photonics,” Adv. Mater. 22, 2561–2564 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Valentine, J. Li, T. Zentgraf, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “An optical cloak made of dielectrics,” Nat. Materials 8, 568–571(2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, B.

Zhang, B. L.

B. L. Zhang, H. S. Chen, B.-I. Wu, and J. A. Kong, “Extraordinary surface voltage effect in the invisibility cloak with an active device inside,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 063904 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, J.

J. Zhang, Y. Luo, and N. A. Mortensen, “Hiding levitating objects above a ground plane,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 133501 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Zhang, Y. Luo, H. Chen, J. Huangfu, B. I. Wu, L. Ran, and J. Kong, “Guiding waves through an invisible tunnel,” Opt. Express 17, 6203–6208 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Luo, J. Zhang, H. Chen, B. I. Wu, L. Ran, and J. Kong, “Wave and ray analysis of a type of cloak exhibiting magnified and shifted scattering effect,” Prog. Electromagn. Res. 95, 167–178(2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Ma, S. Qu, Z. Xu, J. Zhang, B. Chen, and J. Wang, “Material parameter equation for elliptical cylindrical cloaks,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 013825 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, P.

P. Zhang, Y. Jin, and S. He, “Obtaining a nonsingular two-dimensional cloak of complex shape from a perfect three-dimensional cloak,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 243502 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Q. J.

Zhang, X.

T. Zentgraf, J. Valentine, N. Tapia, J. Li, and X. Zhang, “An optical ‘Janus’ device for integrated photonics,” Adv. Mater. 22, 2561–2564 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Valentine, J. Li, T. Zentgraf, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “An optical cloak made of dielectrics,” Nat. Materials 8, 568–571(2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Z.

Y. Lai, J. Ng, H. Y. Chen, D. Han, J. Xiao, Z. Zhang, and C. T. Chan, “Illusion optics: the optical transformation of an object into another object,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 253902(2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, Z. Q.

Y. Lai, H. Y. Chen, Z. Q. Zhang, and C. T. Chan, “Complementary media invisibility cloak that cloaks objects at a distance outside the cloaking shell,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 093901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhou, L.

Zhou, X. M.

J. Hu, X. M. Zhou, and G. K. Hu, “Nonsingular two dimensional cloak of arbitrary shape,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 011107 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, S. Z.

Y. Luo and S. Z. Zhu, “Design of electromagnetic cloaks with the same scattering patterns of a reduced perfect electric conducting line or ring,” Phys. Rev. E 82, 036606 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Mater.

T. Zentgraf, J. Valentine, N. Tapia, J. Li, and X. Zhang, “An optical ‘Janus’ device for integrated photonics,” Adv. Mater. 22, 2561–2564 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

H. Y. Chen and C. T. Chan, “Transformation media that rotate electromagnetic fields,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 241105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Hu, X. M. Zhou, and G. K. Hu, “Nonsingular two dimensional cloak of arbitrary shape,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 011107 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. Zhang, Y. Jin, and S. He, “Obtaining a nonsingular two-dimensional cloak of complex shape from a perfect three-dimensional cloak,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 243502 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Z. Liang, P. Yao, X. Sun, and X. Jiang, “The physical picture and the essential elements of the dynamical process for dispersive cloaking structures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 131118 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Ma, S. Qu, Z. Xu, and J. Wang, “The open cloak,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 103501 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Han, C. W. Oiu, and X. H. Tang, “The general two-dimensional open-closed cloak with tunable inherent discontinuity and directional communication,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 124104(2010).
[CrossRef]

W. X. Jiang, T. J. Cui, X. M. Yang, Q. Cheng, R. Liu, and D. R. Smith, “Invisibility cloak without singularity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 194102 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Zhang, Y. Luo, and N. A. Mortensen, “Hiding levitating objects above a ground plane,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 133501 (2010).
[CrossRef]

X. Luo, T. Yang, Y. Guo, H. Y. Chen, and H. Ma, “Conceal an entrance by means of superscatterer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 223513 (2009).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag.

B. Ivsic, Z. Sipus, and S. Hrabar, “Analysis of uniaxial multilayer cylinders used for invisible cloak realization,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 57, 1521–1527 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys

T. Han, X. Tang, and F. Xiao, “External cloak with homogeneous material,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys 42, 235403 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Materials

H. Y. Chen, C. T. Chan, and P. Shen, “Transformation optics and metamaterials,” Nat. Materials 9, 387–396 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Valentine, J. Li, T. Zentgraf, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “An optical cloak made of dielectrics,” Nat. Materials 8, 568–571(2009).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics

L. H. Gabrielli, J. Cardenas, C. Poitras, and M. Lipson, “Silicon nanostructure cloak operating at optical frequencies,” Nat. Photonics 3, 461–463 (2009).
[CrossRef]

W. Cai, U. Chettiar, A. Kildishev, and V. Shalaev, “Optical cloaking with metamaterials,” Nat. Photonics 1, 224–227 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Y. Sheng, K. Ding, W. Sun, and L. Zhou, “A chirality switching device designed with transformation optics,” Opt. Express 18, 21419–21426 (2010).
[CrossRef]

W. Li, J. G. Guan, Z. G. Sun, W. Wang, and Q. J. Zhang, “A near-perfect invisibility cloak constructed with homogeneous materials,” Opt. Express 17, 23410–23416 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Zhang, Y. Luo, H. Chen, J. Huangfu, B. I. Wu, L. Ran, and J. Kong, “Guiding waves through an invisible tunnel,” Opt. Express 17, 6203–6208 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Wu and G. P. Wang, “Hiding objects and creating illusions above a carpet filter using a Fourier optics approach,” Opt. Express 18, 19894–19901 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Kadic, S. Guenneau, and S. Enoch, “Transformational plasmonics: cloak, concentrator, and rotator for SPPs,” Opt. Express 18, 12027–12032 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Y. Chen, R. Miao, and M. Li, “Transformation optics that mimics the system outside a Schwarzschild black hole,” Opt. Express 18, 15183–15188 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Yang, H. Y. Chen, X. Luo, and H. Ma, “Superscatterer: enhancement of scattering with complementary media,” Opt. Express 16, 18545–18550 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Li, K. Yao, and F. Li, “Two-dimensional electromagnetic cloaks with non-conformal inner and outer boundaries,” Opt. Express 16, 19366–19374 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Li and F. Li, “Two-dimensional electromagnetic cloaks with arbitrary geometries,” Opt. Express 16, 13414–13420 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett.

Photo. Nanostructure

M. Rahm, D. Schurig, D. A. Roberts, S. A. Cummer, D. R. Smith, and J. B. Pendry, “Design of electromagnetic cloaks and concentrators using form-invariant coordinate transformations of Maxwell’s equations,” Photo. Nanostructure 6, 87–95 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A

H. Ma, S. Qu, Z. Xu, J. Zhang, B. Chen, and J. Wang, “Material parameter equation for elliptical cylindrical cloaks,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 013825 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B

C. Li, X. Liu, and F. Li, “Experimental observation of invisibility to a broadband electromagnetic pulse by a cloak using transformation media based on inductor-capacitor networks,” Phys. Rev. B 81, 115133 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. E

W. X. Jiang, J. Y. Chin, Z. Li, Q. Cheng, R. Liu, and T. J. Cui, “Analytical design of conformally invisible cloaks for arbitrarily shaped objects,” Phys. Rev. E 77, 066607 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. Luo and S. Z. Zhu, “Design of electromagnetic cloaks with the same scattering patterns of a reduced perfect electric conducting line or ring,” Phys. Rev. E 82, 036606 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Qiu, L. Hu, X. Xu, and Y. Feng, “Spherical cloaking with homogeneous isotropic multilayered structures,” Phys. Rev. E 79, 047602 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Qiu, A. Novitsky, H. Ma, and S. Qu, “Electromagnetic interaction of arbitrary radial-dependent anisotropic spheres and improved invisibility for nonlinear-transformation-based cloaks,” Phys. Rev. E 80, 016604 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Cummer, B. I. Popa, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, “Full-wave simulations of electromagnetic cloaking structures,” Phys. Rev. E 74, 036621 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

C. Li, X. Meng, X. Liu, F. Li, G. Fan, H. Y. Chen, and C. T. Chan, “Experimental realization of a circuit-based broadband illusion-optics analogue,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 233906 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Rahm, S. A. Cummer, D. Schurig, J. B. Pendry, and D. R. Smith, “Optical design of reflectionless complex media by finite embedded coordinate transformations,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 063903 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Y. Chen, B. Hou, S. Chen, X. Ao, W. Wen, and C. T. Chan, “Design and experimental realization of a broadband transformation media field rotator at microwave frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 183903 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Lai, J. Ng, H. Y. Chen, D. Han, J. Xiao, Z. Zhang, and C. T. Chan, “Illusion optics: the optical transformation of an object into another object,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 253902(2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. L. Zhang, H. S. Chen, B.-I. Wu, and J. A. Kong, “Extraordinary surface voltage effect in the invisibility cloak with an active device inside,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 063904 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Ruan, M. Yan, C. W. Neff, and M. Qiu, “Ideal cylindrical cloak: perfect but sensitive to tiny perturbations,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 113903 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Lai, H. Y. Chen, Z. Q. Zhang, and C. T. Chan, “Complementary media invisibility cloak that cloaks objects at a distance outside the cloaking shell,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 093901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Prog. Electromagn. Res.

Y. Luo, J. Zhang, H. Chen, B. I. Wu, L. Ran, and J. Kong, “Wave and ray analysis of a type of cloak exhibiting magnified and shifted scattering effect,” Prog. Electromagn. Res. 95, 167–178(2009).
[CrossRef]

Science

T. Ergin, N. Stenger, P. Brenner, J. B. Pendry, and M. Wegener, “Three-dimensional invisibility cloak at optical wavelengths,” Science 328, 337–339 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314, 977–980 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Liu, C. Ji, J. J. Mock, J. Y. Chin, T. J. Cui, and D. R. Smith, “Broadband ground-plane cloak,” Science 323, 366–369(2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, “Controlling electromagnetic fields,” Science 312, 1780–1782 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

U. Leonhardt, “Optical conformal mapping,” Science 312, 1777–1780 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the multifunctional transformation optical device. Region I is the compression area, region II is the transformation region, and region III is the free space. A small man in region I can be amplified and rotated simultaneously as a large man when covered with such a multifunctional transformation optical device.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Invisibility cloak without any object in the compression area I with angle of rotation α = 0 °  (a), 45 °  (b), and 90 °  (c). The black lines represent the power-flow line of the incident plane wave. Regions I, II, and III are compressed into the core region I and rotated with the angle of 0 ° , 45 ° , and 90 ° , respectively.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Electric filed distribution of a small PEC coated with the multifunctional transformation optical device with rotating angle of α = 0 °  (a), 45 °  (b), and 90 °  (c). The corresponding scattered fields of a large PEC are shown in (a’), (b’), and (c’).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

The material parameters of the optical transformation devices in Fig. 3: ( a 1 a 4 ) correspond to Fig. 3a, ( b 1 b 4 ) correspond to Fig. 3b, and ( c 1 c 4 ) correspond to Fig. 3c.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Electric field distribution of small two-beam lens antenna (a1), (b1), and (c1) and coated with our multifunctional transformation optical device with different angles of rotation (a2)  α = 0 ° , (b2)  45 ° , and (c2)  90 ° . The corresponding scattered field of a large two-beam lens antenna is shown in (a3), (b3), and (c3).

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Structure of the two-beam lens antenna in Fig. 5.

Equations (6)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

{ ε ¯ = Λ 2 Λ 1 ε ¯ Λ 1 T Λ 2 T / det ( Λ 1 Λ 2 ) μ ¯ = Λ 2 Λ 1 μ ¯ Λ 1 T Λ 2 T / det ( Λ 1 Λ 2 ) ,
{ r = b 2 / r θ = θ z = z ,
{ r = r θ = θ + α b r b a z = z ,
ε ¯ = μ ¯ = ( ( 1 + 2 p cos θ sin θ + p 2 sin 2 θ ) p 2 cos θ sin θ + p ( cos 2 θ sin 2 θ ) 0 p 2 cos θ sin θ + p ( cos 2 θ sin 2 θ ) ( 1 2 p cos θ sin θ + p 2 sin 2 θ ) 0 0 0 ( b / r ) 4 ) ,
{ r = ( c / a ) r θ = θ z = z ,
ε ¯ = μ ¯ = ( 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 ( c / a ) 2 ) .

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