Abstract

Based on the existing design in our prototype laser facility, the third-harmonic generation of the phase modulated broadband of 0.3nm and narrowband lasers are theoretically analyzed and experimentally studied in this paper. The output third-harmonic generation (THG) laser characteristics such as the conversion efficiency, the spectrum distribution and the intensity modulation are compared in detail. It is found that the THG conversion efficiencies for the narrowband and such broadband lasers are fundamentally identical without spectrum narrowing. In addition, the interrelationship between THG conversion efficiency and incident fundamental light intensity for both lasers is experimentally demonstrated and the experimental results agree with the theoretical analysis. The broadband THG spectrum with ideal repetition and without loss of spectrum is obtained in the experiment.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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  1. W. Seka, S. D. Jacobs, J. E. Rizzo, R. Boni, and S. D. Craxton, “Demonstration of high efficiency third harmonic conversion of high power Nd-glass laser radiation,” Opt. Commun. 34, 469–473(1980).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  3. M. A. Henesian, P. J. Wegner, D. R. Speck, C. Bibeau, R. B. Ehrlich, C. W. Laumann, J. K. Lawson, and T. L. Weiland, “Modeling of large aperture third harmonic frequency conversion of high power Nd:glass laser systems,” Proc. SPIE 1415, 90–103(1991).
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  6. G. M. Heestand, C. A. Haynam, P. J. Wegner, M. W. Bowers, S. N. Dixit, G. V. Erbert, M. A. Henesian, and M. R. Hermann, “Demonstration of high energy 2 w operation on the National Ignition Facility Laser System,” Appl. Opt. 47, 3494–3499 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  11. P. W. Milonni, J. M. Auerbach, and D. Eimerl, “Frequency conversion modeling with spatially and temporally varying beams,” Proc. SPIE 2633230–241 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  15. Y. Q. Qin, Y. Y. Zhu, C. Zhang, and N. B. Ming, “Theoretical investigations of efficient cascaded third-harmonic generation in quasiphase-matched and -mismatched configurations,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20, 73–82 (2003).
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    [CrossRef]
  17. D. Eimerl, J. M. Auerbach, C. E. Barker, D. Milam, and P. W. Milonni, “Multicrystal designs for efficient third-harmonic generation,” Opt. Lett. 22, 1208–1210 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  20. K. Osvay and I. N. Ross, “Efficient tuneable bandwidth frequency mixing using chirped pulses,” Opt. Commun. 166, 113–119 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  21. P. Yuan, L. J. Qian, W. G. Zheng, H. Luo, H. Y. Zhu, and D. Y. Fan, “Broadband frequency tripling based on segmented partially deuterated KDP crystals,” Pure Appl. Opt. 9, 1082–1086(2007).
    [CrossRef]
  22. Y. S. Yang, B. Feng, W. Han, W. G. Zheng, F. Q. Li, and J. C. Tan, “Suppression of FM-to-AM conversion in third-harmonic generation at the retracing point of a crystal,” Opt. Lett. 34, 3848–3850 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. Y. Chen, P. Yuan, L. J. Qian, H. Y. Zhu, and D. Y. Fan, “Numerical study on the efficient generation of 351 nm broadband pulses by frequency mixing of broadband and narrowband Nd: glass lasers,” Opt. Commun. 283, 2737–2741 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2010 (1)

Y. Chen, P. Yuan, L. J. Qian, H. Y. Zhu, and D. Y. Fan, “Numerical study on the efficient generation of 351 nm broadband pulses by frequency mixing of broadband and narrowband Nd: glass lasers,” Opt. Commun. 283, 2737–2741 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (3)

2008 (3)

2007 (1)

P. Yuan, L. J. Qian, W. G. Zheng, H. Luo, H. Y. Zhu, and D. Y. Fan, “Broadband frequency tripling based on segmented partially deuterated KDP crystals,” Pure Appl. Opt. 9, 1082–1086(2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

M. A. Norton, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, and R. P. Hackel, “Growth of laser damage in SiO2 under multiple wavelength irradiation,” Proc. SPIE. 5991, 599108 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

A. M. Schober, M. C. Lefort, and M. M. Fejer, “Broadband quasi-phase-matched second-harmonic generation of ultrashort optical pulses with spectral angular dispersion,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 1699–1713 (2005).
[CrossRef]

X. S. Xiao, C. X. Yang, S. M. Gao, and H. X. Miao, “Analysis of ultrashort-pulse second-harmonic generation in both phase- and group-velocity-matched structures,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 85–93 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

1999 (3)

F. Raoult, A. C. L. Boscheron, D. Husson, C. Rouyer, C. Sauteret, and A. Migus, “Ultrashort, intense ultraviolet pulse generation by efficient frequency tripling and adapted phase matching,” Opt. Lett. 24, 354–356 (1999).
[CrossRef]

K. Osvay and I. N. Ross, “Efficient tuneable bandwidth frequency mixing using chirped pulses,” Opt. Commun. 166, 113–119 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Rothenberg, D. F. Browning, and R. B. Wilcox, “Issue of FM-to-AM conversion on the National Ignition Facility,” Proc. SPIE 3492, 51–61 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

1997 (1)

1995 (3)

D. M. Pennington, M. A. Henesian, D. Milam, and D. Eimerl, “Efficient broadband third harmonic frequency conversion via angular dispersion,” Proc. SPIE 2633, 645–654 (1995).
[CrossRef]

P. W. Milonni, J. M. Auerbach, and D. Eimerl, “Frequency conversion modeling with spatially and temporally varying beams,” Proc. SPIE 2633230–241 (1995).
[CrossRef]

C. E. Barker, B. M. Wonterghem, J. M. Auerbach, R. J. Foley, J. R. Murray, J. H. Campbell, J. A. Caird, D. R. Speck, and B. W. Woods, “Design and performance of the Beamlet laser third harmonic frequency converter,” Proc. SPIE 2633, 398–497(1995).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

D. M. Pennington, M. A. Henesian, S. N. Dixit, H. T. Powell, C. E. Thompson, and T. L. Weiland, “Effect of bandwidth on beam smoothing and frequency conversion at the third harmonic of the Nova laser,” Proc. SPIE 1870, 175–185 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

M. A. Henesian, P. J. Wegner, D. R. Speck, C. Bibeau, R. B. Ehrlich, C. W. Laumann, J. K. Lawson, and T. L. Weiland, “Modeling of large aperture third harmonic frequency conversion of high power Nd:glass laser systems,” Proc. SPIE 1415, 90–103(1991).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

1980 (1)

W. Seka, S. D. Jacobs, J. E. Rizzo, R. Boni, and S. D. Craxton, “Demonstration of high efficiency third harmonic conversion of high power Nd-glass laser radiation,” Opt. Commun. 34, 469–473(1980).
[CrossRef]

Auerbach, J. M.

D. Eimerl, J. M. Auerbach, C. E. Barker, D. Milam, and P. W. Milonni, “Multicrystal designs for efficient third-harmonic generation,” Opt. Lett. 22, 1208–1210 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. E. Barker, B. M. Wonterghem, J. M. Auerbach, R. J. Foley, J. R. Murray, J. H. Campbell, J. A. Caird, D. R. Speck, and B. W. Woods, “Design and performance of the Beamlet laser third harmonic frequency converter,” Proc. SPIE 2633, 398–497(1995).
[CrossRef]

P. W. Milonni, J. M. Auerbach, and D. Eimerl, “Frequency conversion modeling with spatially and temporally varying beams,” Proc. SPIE 2633230–241 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Babushkin, A.

Barker, C. E.

D. Eimerl, J. M. Auerbach, C. E. Barker, D. Milam, and P. W. Milonni, “Multicrystal designs for efficient third-harmonic generation,” Opt. Lett. 22, 1208–1210 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. E. Barker, B. M. Wonterghem, J. M. Auerbach, R. J. Foley, J. R. Murray, J. H. Campbell, J. A. Caird, D. R. Speck, and B. W. Woods, “Design and performance of the Beamlet laser third harmonic frequency converter,” Proc. SPIE 2633, 398–497(1995).
[CrossRef]

Bibeau, C.

M. A. Henesian, P. J. Wegner, D. R. Speck, C. Bibeau, R. B. Ehrlich, C. W. Laumann, J. K. Lawson, and T. L. Weiland, “Modeling of large aperture third harmonic frequency conversion of high power Nd:glass laser systems,” Proc. SPIE 1415, 90–103(1991).
[CrossRef]

Boni, R.

W. Seka, S. D. Jacobs, J. E. Rizzo, R. Boni, and S. D. Craxton, “Demonstration of high efficiency third harmonic conversion of high power Nd-glass laser radiation,” Opt. Commun. 34, 469–473(1980).
[CrossRef]

Bordenave, E.

Boscheron, A. C. L.

Bowers, M. W.

Browning, D. F.

J. E. Rothenberg, D. F. Browning, and R. B. Wilcox, “Issue of FM-to-AM conversion on the National Ignition Facility,” Proc. SPIE 3492, 51–61 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Caird, J. A.

C. E. Barker, B. M. Wonterghem, J. M. Auerbach, R. J. Foley, J. R. Murray, J. H. Campbell, J. A. Caird, D. R. Speck, and B. W. Woods, “Design and performance of the Beamlet laser third harmonic frequency converter,” Proc. SPIE 2633, 398–497(1995).
[CrossRef]

Campbell, J. H.

C. E. Barker, B. M. Wonterghem, J. M. Auerbach, R. J. Foley, J. R. Murray, J. H. Campbell, J. A. Caird, D. R. Speck, and B. W. Woods, “Design and performance of the Beamlet laser third harmonic frequency converter,” Proc. SPIE 2633, 398–497(1995).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y.

Y. Chen, P. Yuan, L. J. Qian, H. Y. Zhu, and D. Y. Fan, “Numerical study on the efficient generation of 351 nm broadband pulses by frequency mixing of broadband and narrowband Nd: glass lasers,” Opt. Commun. 283, 2737–2741 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Craxton, R. S.

Craxton, S. D.

W. Seka, S. D. Jacobs, J. E. Rizzo, R. Boni, and S. D. Craxton, “Demonstration of high efficiency third harmonic conversion of high power Nd-glass laser radiation,” Opt. Commun. 34, 469–473(1980).
[CrossRef]

Dixit, S. N.

G. M. Heestand, C. A. Haynam, P. J. Wegner, M. W. Bowers, S. N. Dixit, G. V. Erbert, M. A. Henesian, and M. R. Hermann, “Demonstration of high energy 2 w operation on the National Ignition Facility Laser System,” Appl. Opt. 47, 3494–3499 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. M. Pennington, M. A. Henesian, S. N. Dixit, H. T. Powell, C. E. Thompson, and T. L. Weiland, “Effect of bandwidth on beam smoothing and frequency conversion at the third harmonic of the Nova laser,” Proc. SPIE 1870, 175–185 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Donohue, E. E.

M. A. Norton, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, and R. P. Hackel, “Growth of laser damage in SiO2 under multiple wavelength irradiation,” Proc. SPIE. 5991, 599108 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ehrlich, R. B.

M. A. Henesian, P. J. Wegner, D. R. Speck, C. Bibeau, R. B. Ehrlich, C. W. Laumann, J. K. Lawson, and T. L. Weiland, “Modeling of large aperture third harmonic frequency conversion of high power Nd:glass laser systems,” Proc. SPIE 1415, 90–103(1991).
[CrossRef]

J. R. Murray, J. R. Smith, R. B. Ehrlich, D. T. Kyrazis, C. E. Thompson, T. L. Weiland, and R. B. Wilcox, “Experimental observation and suppression of transverse stimulated Brillouin scattering in large optical components,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 2402–2411 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Eimerl, D.

D. Eimerl, J. M. Auerbach, C. E. Barker, D. Milam, and P. W. Milonni, “Multicrystal designs for efficient third-harmonic generation,” Opt. Lett. 22, 1208–1210 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. W. Milonni, J. M. Auerbach, and D. Eimerl, “Frequency conversion modeling with spatially and temporally varying beams,” Proc. SPIE 2633230–241 (1995).
[CrossRef]

D. M. Pennington, M. A. Henesian, D. Milam, and D. Eimerl, “Efficient broadband third harmonic frequency conversion via angular dispersion,” Proc. SPIE 2633, 645–654 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Erbert, G. V.

Fan, D. Y.

Y. Chen, P. Yuan, L. J. Qian, H. Y. Zhu, and D. Y. Fan, “Numerical study on the efficient generation of 351 nm broadband pulses by frequency mixing of broadband and narrowband Nd: glass lasers,” Opt. Commun. 283, 2737–2741 (2010).
[CrossRef]

P. Yuan, L. J. Qian, W. G. Zheng, H. Luo, H. Y. Zhu, and D. Y. Fan, “Broadband frequency tripling based on segmented partially deuterated KDP crystals,” Pure Appl. Opt. 9, 1082–1086(2007).
[CrossRef]

Feit, M. D.

M. A. Norton, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, and R. P. Hackel, “Growth of laser damage in SiO2 under multiple wavelength irradiation,” Proc. SPIE. 5991, 599108 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Fejer, M. M.

Feng, B.

W. Q. Huang, W. Han, F. Wang, Y. Xiang, F. Q. Li, and B. Feng, “Laser-induced damage growth on large-aperture fused silica optical components at 351 nm,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 26, 7901–7904(2009).

Y. S. Yang, B. Feng, W. Han, W. G. Zheng, F. Q. Li, and J. C. Tan, “Suppression of FM-to-AM conversion in third-harmonic generation at the retracing point of a crystal,” Opt. Lett. 34, 3848–3850 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Foley, R. J.

C. E. Barker, B. M. Wonterghem, J. M. Auerbach, R. J. Foley, J. R. Murray, J. H. Campbell, J. A. Caird, D. R. Speck, and B. W. Woods, “Design and performance of the Beamlet laser third harmonic frequency converter,” Proc. SPIE 2633, 398–497(1995).
[CrossRef]

Gao, S. M.

X. S. Xiao, C. X. Yang, S. M. Gao, and H. X. Miao, “Analysis of ultrashort-pulse second-harmonic generation in both phase- and group-velocity-matched structures,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 85–93 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Gouédard, C.

Guardalben, M. J.

Hackel, R. P.

M. A. Norton, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, and R. P. Hackel, “Growth of laser damage in SiO2 under multiple wavelength irradiation,” Proc. SPIE. 5991, 599108 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Han, W.

W. Q. Huang, W. Han, F. Wang, Y. Xiang, F. Q. Li, and B. Feng, “Laser-induced damage growth on large-aperture fused silica optical components at 351 nm,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 26, 7901–7904(2009).

Y. S. Yang, B. Feng, W. Han, W. G. Zheng, F. Q. Li, and J. C. Tan, “Suppression of FM-to-AM conversion in third-harmonic generation at the retracing point of a crystal,” Opt. Lett. 34, 3848–3850 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Haynam, C. A.

Heestand, G. M.

Henesian, M. A.

G. M. Heestand, C. A. Haynam, P. J. Wegner, M. W. Bowers, S. N. Dixit, G. V. Erbert, M. A. Henesian, and M. R. Hermann, “Demonstration of high energy 2 w operation on the National Ignition Facility Laser System,” Appl. Opt. 47, 3494–3499 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. M. Pennington, M. A. Henesian, D. Milam, and D. Eimerl, “Efficient broadband third harmonic frequency conversion via angular dispersion,” Proc. SPIE 2633, 645–654 (1995).
[CrossRef]

D. M. Pennington, M. A. Henesian, S. N. Dixit, H. T. Powell, C. E. Thompson, and T. L. Weiland, “Effect of bandwidth on beam smoothing and frequency conversion at the third harmonic of the Nova laser,” Proc. SPIE 1870, 175–185 (1993).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Henesian, P. J. Wegner, D. R. Speck, C. Bibeau, R. B. Ehrlich, C. W. Laumann, J. K. Lawson, and T. L. Weiland, “Modeling of large aperture third harmonic frequency conversion of high power Nd:glass laser systems,” Proc. SPIE 1415, 90–103(1991).
[CrossRef]

Hermann, M. R.

Hocquet, S.

Huang, W. Q.

W. Q. Huang, W. Han, F. Wang, Y. Xiang, F. Q. Li, and B. Feng, “Laser-induced damage growth on large-aperture fused silica optical components at 351 nm,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 26, 7901–7904(2009).

Husson, D.

Jacobs, S. D.

W. Seka, S. D. Jacobs, J. E. Rizzo, R. Boni, and S. D. Craxton, “Demonstration of high efficiency third harmonic conversion of high power Nd-glass laser radiation,” Opt. Commun. 34, 469–473(1980).
[CrossRef]

Jaouën, Y.

Keck, R. L.

Kyrazis, D. T.

Lacroix, G.

Laumann, C. W.

M. A. Henesian, P. J. Wegner, D. R. Speck, C. Bibeau, R. B. Ehrlich, C. W. Laumann, J. K. Lawson, and T. L. Weiland, “Modeling of large aperture third harmonic frequency conversion of high power Nd:glass laser systems,” Proc. SPIE 1415, 90–103(1991).
[CrossRef]

Lawson, J. K.

M. A. Henesian, P. J. Wegner, D. R. Speck, C. Bibeau, R. B. Ehrlich, C. W. Laumann, J. K. Lawson, and T. L. Weiland, “Modeling of large aperture third harmonic frequency conversion of high power Nd:glass laser systems,” Proc. SPIE 1415, 90–103(1991).
[CrossRef]

Lefort, M. C.

Li, F. Q.

Y. S. Yang, B. Feng, W. Han, W. G. Zheng, F. Q. Li, and J. C. Tan, “Suppression of FM-to-AM conversion in third-harmonic generation at the retracing point of a crystal,” Opt. Lett. 34, 3848–3850 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Q. Huang, W. Han, F. Wang, Y. Xiang, F. Q. Li, and B. Feng, “Laser-induced damage growth on large-aperture fused silica optical components at 351 nm,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 26, 7901–7904(2009).

Li, K.

K. Li and B. Zhang, “Analysis of broadband third harmonic generation with non-collinear angular dispersion in KDP crystals,” Opt. Commun. 281, 2271–2278 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Luo, H.

P. Yuan, L. J. Qian, W. G. Zheng, H. Luo, H. Y. Zhu, and D. Y. Fan, “Broadband frequency tripling based on segmented partially deuterated KDP crystals,” Pure Appl. Opt. 9, 1082–1086(2007).
[CrossRef]

Miao, H. X.

X. S. Xiao, C. X. Yang, S. M. Gao, and H. X. Miao, “Analysis of ultrashort-pulse second-harmonic generation in both phase- and group-velocity-matched structures,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 85–93 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Migus, A.

Milam, D.

D. Eimerl, J. M. Auerbach, C. E. Barker, D. Milam, and P. W. Milonni, “Multicrystal designs for efficient third-harmonic generation,” Opt. Lett. 22, 1208–1210 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. M. Pennington, M. A. Henesian, D. Milam, and D. Eimerl, “Efficient broadband third harmonic frequency conversion via angular dispersion,” Proc. SPIE 2633, 645–654 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Milonni, P. W.

D. Eimerl, J. M. Auerbach, C. E. Barker, D. Milam, and P. W. Milonni, “Multicrystal designs for efficient third-harmonic generation,” Opt. Lett. 22, 1208–1210 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. W. Milonni, J. M. Auerbach, and D. Eimerl, “Frequency conversion modeling with spatially and temporally varying beams,” Proc. SPIE 2633230–241 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Ming, N. B.

Murray, J. R.

C. E. Barker, B. M. Wonterghem, J. M. Auerbach, R. J. Foley, J. R. Murray, J. H. Campbell, J. A. Caird, D. R. Speck, and B. W. Woods, “Design and performance of the Beamlet laser third harmonic frequency converter,” Proc. SPIE 2633, 398–497(1995).
[CrossRef]

J. R. Murray, J. R. Smith, R. B. Ehrlich, D. T. Kyrazis, C. E. Thompson, T. L. Weiland, and R. B. Wilcox, “Experimental observation and suppression of transverse stimulated Brillouin scattering in large optical components,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 2402–2411 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Norton, M. A.

M. A. Norton, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, and R. P. Hackel, “Growth of laser damage in SiO2 under multiple wavelength irradiation,” Proc. SPIE. 5991, 599108 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Oskoui, S.

Osvay, K.

K. Osvay and I. N. Ross, “Efficient tuneable bandwidth frequency mixing using chirped pulses,” Opt. Commun. 166, 113–119 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Penninckx, D.

Pennington, D. M.

D. M. Pennington, M. A. Henesian, D. Milam, and D. Eimerl, “Efficient broadband third harmonic frequency conversion via angular dispersion,” Proc. SPIE 2633, 645–654 (1995).
[CrossRef]

D. M. Pennington, M. A. Henesian, S. N. Dixit, H. T. Powell, C. E. Thompson, and T. L. Weiland, “Effect of bandwidth on beam smoothing and frequency conversion at the third harmonic of the Nova laser,” Proc. SPIE 1870, 175–185 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Powell, H. T.

D. M. Pennington, M. A. Henesian, S. N. Dixit, H. T. Powell, C. E. Thompson, and T. L. Weiland, “Effect of bandwidth on beam smoothing and frequency conversion at the third harmonic of the Nova laser,” Proc. SPIE 1870, 175–185 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Qian, L. J.

Y. Chen, P. Yuan, L. J. Qian, H. Y. Zhu, and D. Y. Fan, “Numerical study on the efficient generation of 351 nm broadband pulses by frequency mixing of broadband and narrowband Nd: glass lasers,” Opt. Commun. 283, 2737–2741 (2010).
[CrossRef]

P. Yuan, L. J. Qian, W. G. Zheng, H. Luo, H. Y. Zhu, and D. Y. Fan, “Broadband frequency tripling based on segmented partially deuterated KDP crystals,” Pure Appl. Opt. 9, 1082–1086(2007).
[CrossRef]

Qin, Y. Q.

Raoult, F.

Rizzo, J. E.

W. Seka, S. D. Jacobs, J. E. Rizzo, R. Boni, and S. D. Craxton, “Demonstration of high efficiency third harmonic conversion of high power Nd-glass laser radiation,” Opt. Commun. 34, 469–473(1980).
[CrossRef]

Ross, I. N.

K. Osvay and I. N. Ross, “Efficient tuneable bandwidth frequency mixing using chirped pulses,” Opt. Commun. 166, 113–119 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Rothenberg, J. E.

J. E. Rothenberg, D. F. Browning, and R. B. Wilcox, “Issue of FM-to-AM conversion on the National Ignition Facility,” Proc. SPIE 3492, 51–61 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Rouyer, C.

Sauteret, C.

Schober, A. M.

Seka, W.

A. Babushkin, R. S. Craxton, S. Oskoui, M. J. Guardalben, R. L. Keck, and W. Seka, “Demonstration of the dual-tripler scheme for increased-bandwidth third-harmonic generation,” Opt. Lett. 23, 927–929 (1998).
[CrossRef]

W. Seka, S. D. Jacobs, J. E. Rizzo, R. Boni, and S. D. Craxton, “Demonstration of high efficiency third harmonic conversion of high power Nd-glass laser radiation,” Opt. Commun. 34, 469–473(1980).
[CrossRef]

Smith, J. R.

Speck, D. R.

C. E. Barker, B. M. Wonterghem, J. M. Auerbach, R. J. Foley, J. R. Murray, J. H. Campbell, J. A. Caird, D. R. Speck, and B. W. Woods, “Design and performance of the Beamlet laser third harmonic frequency converter,” Proc. SPIE 2633, 398–497(1995).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Henesian, P. J. Wegner, D. R. Speck, C. Bibeau, R. B. Ehrlich, C. W. Laumann, J. K. Lawson, and T. L. Weiland, “Modeling of large aperture third harmonic frequency conversion of high power Nd:glass laser systems,” Proc. SPIE 1415, 90–103(1991).
[CrossRef]

Tan, J. C.

Thompson, C. E.

D. M. Pennington, M. A. Henesian, S. N. Dixit, H. T. Powell, C. E. Thompson, and T. L. Weiland, “Effect of bandwidth on beam smoothing and frequency conversion at the third harmonic of the Nova laser,” Proc. SPIE 1870, 175–185 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. R. Murray, J. R. Smith, R. B. Ehrlich, D. T. Kyrazis, C. E. Thompson, T. L. Weiland, and R. B. Wilcox, “Experimental observation and suppression of transverse stimulated Brillouin scattering in large optical components,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 2402–2411 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Wang, F.

W. Q. Huang, W. Han, F. Wang, Y. Xiang, F. Q. Li, and B. Feng, “Laser-induced damage growth on large-aperture fused silica optical components at 351 nm,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 26, 7901–7904(2009).

Wegner, P. J.

G. M. Heestand, C. A. Haynam, P. J. Wegner, M. W. Bowers, S. N. Dixit, G. V. Erbert, M. A. Henesian, and M. R. Hermann, “Demonstration of high energy 2 w operation on the National Ignition Facility Laser System,” Appl. Opt. 47, 3494–3499 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Henesian, P. J. Wegner, D. R. Speck, C. Bibeau, R. B. Ehrlich, C. W. Laumann, J. K. Lawson, and T. L. Weiland, “Modeling of large aperture third harmonic frequency conversion of high power Nd:glass laser systems,” Proc. SPIE 1415, 90–103(1991).
[CrossRef]

Weiland, T. L.

D. M. Pennington, M. A. Henesian, S. N. Dixit, H. T. Powell, C. E. Thompson, and T. L. Weiland, “Effect of bandwidth on beam smoothing and frequency conversion at the third harmonic of the Nova laser,” Proc. SPIE 1870, 175–185 (1993).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Henesian, P. J. Wegner, D. R. Speck, C. Bibeau, R. B. Ehrlich, C. W. Laumann, J. K. Lawson, and T. L. Weiland, “Modeling of large aperture third harmonic frequency conversion of high power Nd:glass laser systems,” Proc. SPIE 1415, 90–103(1991).
[CrossRef]

J. R. Murray, J. R. Smith, R. B. Ehrlich, D. T. Kyrazis, C. E. Thompson, T. L. Weiland, and R. B. Wilcox, “Experimental observation and suppression of transverse stimulated Brillouin scattering in large optical components,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 2402–2411 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Wilcox, R. B.

Wonterghem, B. M.

C. E. Barker, B. M. Wonterghem, J. M. Auerbach, R. J. Foley, J. R. Murray, J. H. Campbell, J. A. Caird, D. R. Speck, and B. W. Woods, “Design and performance of the Beamlet laser third harmonic frequency converter,” Proc. SPIE 2633, 398–497(1995).
[CrossRef]

Woods, B. W.

C. E. Barker, B. M. Wonterghem, J. M. Auerbach, R. J. Foley, J. R. Murray, J. H. Campbell, J. A. Caird, D. R. Speck, and B. W. Woods, “Design and performance of the Beamlet laser third harmonic frequency converter,” Proc. SPIE 2633, 398–497(1995).
[CrossRef]

Xiang, Y.

W. Q. Huang, W. Han, F. Wang, Y. Xiang, F. Q. Li, and B. Feng, “Laser-induced damage growth on large-aperture fused silica optical components at 351 nm,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 26, 7901–7904(2009).

Xiao, X. S.

X. S. Xiao, C. X. Yang, S. M. Gao, and H. X. Miao, “Analysis of ultrashort-pulse second-harmonic generation in both phase- and group-velocity-matched structures,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 85–93 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yang, C. X.

X. S. Xiao, C. X. Yang, S. M. Gao, and H. X. Miao, “Analysis of ultrashort-pulse second-harmonic generation in both phase- and group-velocity-matched structures,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 85–93 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yang, Y. S.

Yuan, P.

Y. Chen, P. Yuan, L. J. Qian, H. Y. Zhu, and D. Y. Fan, “Numerical study on the efficient generation of 351 nm broadband pulses by frequency mixing of broadband and narrowband Nd: glass lasers,” Opt. Commun. 283, 2737–2741 (2010).
[CrossRef]

P. Yuan, L. J. Qian, W. G. Zheng, H. Luo, H. Y. Zhu, and D. Y. Fan, “Broadband frequency tripling based on segmented partially deuterated KDP crystals,” Pure Appl. Opt. 9, 1082–1086(2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, B.

K. Li and B. Zhang, “Analysis of broadband third harmonic generation with non-collinear angular dispersion in KDP crystals,” Opt. Commun. 281, 2271–2278 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, C.

Zheng, W. G.

Y. S. Yang, B. Feng, W. Han, W. G. Zheng, F. Q. Li, and J. C. Tan, “Suppression of FM-to-AM conversion in third-harmonic generation at the retracing point of a crystal,” Opt. Lett. 34, 3848–3850 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Yuan, L. J. Qian, W. G. Zheng, H. Luo, H. Y. Zhu, and D. Y. Fan, “Broadband frequency tripling based on segmented partially deuterated KDP crystals,” Pure Appl. Opt. 9, 1082–1086(2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, H. Y.

Y. Chen, P. Yuan, L. J. Qian, H. Y. Zhu, and D. Y. Fan, “Numerical study on the efficient generation of 351 nm broadband pulses by frequency mixing of broadband and narrowband Nd: glass lasers,” Opt. Commun. 283, 2737–2741 (2010).
[CrossRef]

P. Yuan, L. J. Qian, W. G. Zheng, H. Luo, H. Y. Zhu, and D. Y. Fan, “Broadband frequency tripling based on segmented partially deuterated KDP crystals,” Pure Appl. Opt. 9, 1082–1086(2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, Y. Y.

Appl. Opt. (3)

Chin. Phys. Lett. (1)

W. Q. Huang, W. Han, F. Wang, Y. Xiang, F. Q. Li, and B. Feng, “Laser-induced damage growth on large-aperture fused silica optical components at 351 nm,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 26, 7901–7904(2009).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

X. S. Xiao, C. X. Yang, S. M. Gao, and H. X. Miao, “Analysis of ultrashort-pulse second-harmonic generation in both phase- and group-velocity-matched structures,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 85–93 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (3)

Opt. Commun. (4)

K. Osvay and I. N. Ross, “Efficient tuneable bandwidth frequency mixing using chirped pulses,” Opt. Commun. 166, 113–119 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Y. Chen, P. Yuan, L. J. Qian, H. Y. Zhu, and D. Y. Fan, “Numerical study on the efficient generation of 351 nm broadband pulses by frequency mixing of broadband and narrowband Nd: glass lasers,” Opt. Commun. 283, 2737–2741 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. Li and B. Zhang, “Analysis of broadband third harmonic generation with non-collinear angular dispersion in KDP crystals,” Opt. Commun. 281, 2271–2278 (2008).
[CrossRef]

W. Seka, S. D. Jacobs, J. E. Rizzo, R. Boni, and S. D. Craxton, “Demonstration of high efficiency third harmonic conversion of high power Nd-glass laser radiation,” Opt. Commun. 34, 469–473(1980).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (4)

Proc. SPIE (6)

J. E. Rothenberg, D. F. Browning, and R. B. Wilcox, “Issue of FM-to-AM conversion on the National Ignition Facility,” Proc. SPIE 3492, 51–61 (1999).
[CrossRef]

D. M. Pennington, M. A. Henesian, D. Milam, and D. Eimerl, “Efficient broadband third harmonic frequency conversion via angular dispersion,” Proc. SPIE 2633, 645–654 (1995).
[CrossRef]

C. E. Barker, B. M. Wonterghem, J. M. Auerbach, R. J. Foley, J. R. Murray, J. H. Campbell, J. A. Caird, D. R. Speck, and B. W. Woods, “Design and performance of the Beamlet laser third harmonic frequency converter,” Proc. SPIE 2633, 398–497(1995).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Henesian, P. J. Wegner, D. R. Speck, C. Bibeau, R. B. Ehrlich, C. W. Laumann, J. K. Lawson, and T. L. Weiland, “Modeling of large aperture third harmonic frequency conversion of high power Nd:glass laser systems,” Proc. SPIE 1415, 90–103(1991).
[CrossRef]

D. M. Pennington, M. A. Henesian, S. N. Dixit, H. T. Powell, C. E. Thompson, and T. L. Weiland, “Effect of bandwidth on beam smoothing and frequency conversion at the third harmonic of the Nova laser,” Proc. SPIE 1870, 175–185 (1993).
[CrossRef]

P. W. Milonni, J. M. Auerbach, and D. Eimerl, “Frequency conversion modeling with spatially and temporally varying beams,” Proc. SPIE 2633230–241 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE. (1)

M. A. Norton, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, and R. P. Hackel, “Growth of laser damage in SiO2 under multiple wavelength irradiation,” Proc. SPIE. 5991, 599108 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Pure Appl. Opt. (1)

P. Yuan, L. J. Qian, W. G. Zheng, H. Luo, H. Y. Zhu, and D. Y. Fan, “Broadband frequency tripling based on segmented partially deuterated KDP crystals,” Pure Appl. Opt. 9, 1082–1086(2007).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (17)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Calculated intensity temporal profile of fundamental pulse.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Instantaneous frequencies as a function of time.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Numerical simulation of fundamental light spectral distribution.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Acceptance bandwidth of the baseline design.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Conversion efficiency of THG versus fundamental light intensity.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Dependence of the THG efficiency on detuned angle of the doubler.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Numerical simulation of THG spectrum. (a) Low intensity of 0.5 GW / cm 2 , (b) high intensity of 2.0 GW / cm 2 .

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Modulation distortion criterions versus incident fundamental bandwidth.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Calculated intensity temporal profile of the output THG pulse when the tripler is perfectly matched.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Blue intensity profiles in the baseline design calculated by LLNL.

Fig. 11
Fig. 11

Sketch of intensity modulation.

Fig. 12
Fig. 12

Calculated output THG temporal profile when the tripler with 30 urad angular detune regarding the perfect PM angle.

Fig. 13
Fig. 13

Calculated intensity temporal profile of residual fundament and SHG pulses at the tripler output end.

Fig. 14
Fig. 14

Experimental layout.

Fig. 15
Fig. 15

Measured intensity temporal profile of the input fundamental pulse.

Fig. 16
Fig. 16

Spectrum measurements of incident fundamental pulses (15 shots).

Fig. 17
Fig. 17

Measured spectrum of THG pulses (2 shots).

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Parameters Used in the Simulations for the SHG and THG Processes

Equations (7)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

A ( t ) = A 0 ( t ) exp [ i σ sin ( 2 π Ω t ) ] ,
A 1 ( z , t ) z + 1 v 2 A 1 ( z , t ) t + α 1 A 1 ( z , t ) = i ω 1 d 1 n 1 c A 2 ( z , t ) A 1 * ( z , t ) exp ( i Δ k 1 z ) ,
A 2 ( z , t ) z + 1 v 2 A 2 ( z , t ) t + α 2 A 2 ( z , t ) = i ω 2 d 1 n 2 c A 1 2 ( z , t ) exp ( i Δ k 1 z ) ,
A 1 ( z , t ) z + 1 v 1 A 1 ( z , t ) t + α 1 A 1 ( z , t ) = i ω 1 d 2 n 1 c A 3 ( z , t ) A 2 * ( z , t ) exp ( i Δ k 2 z ) ,
A 2 ( z , t ) z + 1 v 2 A 2 ( z , t ) t + α 2 A 2 ( z , t ) = i ω 2 d 2 n 2 c A 3 ( z , t ) A 1 * ( z , t ) exp ( i Δ k 2 z ) ,
A 3 ( z , t ) z + 1 v 3 A 3 ( z , t ) t + α 3 A 3 ( z , t ) = i ω 3 d 2 n 3 c A 1 ( z , t ) A 2 ( z , t ) exp ( i Δ k 2 z ) .
α = 2 I max I min I max + I min ,

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