Abstract

Self-phase modulation (SPM) in a multikilojoule laser system was detected spectroscopically and correlated with the time derivative of the intensity measured at the output of the system. This correlation provides an empirical relationship that makes it possible to rapidly determine the magnitude of the SPM being generated using measured experimental data. This empirical relationship was verified by modeling the propagation of an optical pulse in the laser amplifier chain to predict both pulse shape and the SPM.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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  1. D. C. Brown, “Nonlinear effects in high-peak-power Nd:glass laser systems,” in High-Peak-Power Nd:Glass Laser Systems, D.L.MacAdam, ed., Springer Series in Optical Sciences(Springer-Verlag, 1981), Vol. 25, pp. 214–215.
  2. L. M. Frantz and J. S. Nodvik, “Theory of pulse propagation in a laser amplifier,” J. Appl. Phys. 34, 2346–2349 (1963).
    [CrossRef]
  3. Y. R. Shen, “Four-wave mixing,” in The Principles of Nonlinear Optics (Wiley, 1984), pp. 242–265.
  4. P. V. Avizonis and R. L. Grotbeck, “Experimental and theoretical ruby laser amplifier dynamics,” J. Appl. Phys. 37, 687–693(1966).
    [CrossRef]
  5. C. Bibeau, “Evaluation of the I1/24 terminal level lifetime for several neodymium-doped laser crystals and glasses,” Ph.D.thesis, (Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, 1995).
  6. S. M. Yarema and D. Milam, “Gain saturation in phosphate laser glasses,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 1941–1946 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  7. R. S. Craxton, “High efficiency frequency tripling schemes for high power Nd:glass lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 17, 1771–1782 (1981).
    [CrossRef]
  8. J. Trenholme, A. Glass, W. Hagen, T. Gilmartin, J. Holzrichter, E. Bliss, L. Bradley, E. Dryden, J. Glaze, E. Goodwin, J. Hunt, H. Lowdermilk, W. O’Neal, W. Simmons, and J. Swingle, “Laser system design,” in Shiva Nova CP&D Interim Report, Laser Fusion Program (Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, 1977), pp. 2-3–2-324.
  9. J. R. Marciante, W. R. Donaldson, and R. G. Roides, “Averaging of replicated pulses for enhanced-dynamic-range single-shot measurement of nanosecond optical pulses,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1344–1346 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  10. W. R. Donaldson, R. Boni, R. L. Keck, and P. A. Jaanimagi, “A self-calibrating, multichannel streak camera for inertial confinement fusion applications,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73, 2606–2615(2002).
    [CrossRef]
  11. W. R. Donaldson, M. Millecchia, and R. Keck, “A multichannel, high-resolution, UV spectrometer for laser-fusion applications,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76, 073106 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  12. M. D. Skeldon, “Optical pulse-shaping system based on an electro-optic modulator driven by an aperture-coupled-stripline electrical-waveform generator,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 2423–2426 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  13. S. P. Regan, D. K. Bradley, A. V. Chirokikh, R. S. Craxton, D. D. Meyerhofer, W. Seka, R. W. Short, A. Simon, R. P. J. Town, B. Yaakobi, J. J. Carroll III, and R. P. Drake, “Laser-plasma interactions in long-scale-length plasmas under direct-drive National Ignition Facility conditions,” Phys. Plasmas 6, 2072–2080(1999).
    [CrossRef]
  14. V. A. Smalyuk, V. N. Goncharov, K. S. Anderson, R. Betti, R. S. Craxton, J. A. Delettrez, D. D. Meyerhofer, S. P. Regan, and T. C. Sangster, “Measurements of the effects of the intensity pickets on laser imprinting for direct-drive, adiabat-shaping designs on OMEGA,” Phys. Plasmas 14, 032702 (2007).
    [CrossRef]

2007 (2)

J. R. Marciante, W. R. Donaldson, and R. G. Roides, “Averaging of replicated pulses for enhanced-dynamic-range single-shot measurement of nanosecond optical pulses,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1344–1346 (2007).
[CrossRef]

V. A. Smalyuk, V. N. Goncharov, K. S. Anderson, R. Betti, R. S. Craxton, J. A. Delettrez, D. D. Meyerhofer, S. P. Regan, and T. C. Sangster, “Measurements of the effects of the intensity pickets on laser imprinting for direct-drive, adiabat-shaping designs on OMEGA,” Phys. Plasmas 14, 032702 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

W. R. Donaldson, M. Millecchia, and R. Keck, “A multichannel, high-resolution, UV spectrometer for laser-fusion applications,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76, 073106 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

W. R. Donaldson, R. Boni, R. L. Keck, and P. A. Jaanimagi, “A self-calibrating, multichannel streak camera for inertial confinement fusion applications,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73, 2606–2615(2002).
[CrossRef]

M. D. Skeldon, “Optical pulse-shaping system based on an electro-optic modulator driven by an aperture-coupled-stripline electrical-waveform generator,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 2423–2426 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

S. P. Regan, D. K. Bradley, A. V. Chirokikh, R. S. Craxton, D. D. Meyerhofer, W. Seka, R. W. Short, A. Simon, R. P. J. Town, B. Yaakobi, J. J. Carroll III, and R. P. Drake, “Laser-plasma interactions in long-scale-length plasmas under direct-drive National Ignition Facility conditions,” Phys. Plasmas 6, 2072–2080(1999).
[CrossRef]

1982 (1)

S. M. Yarema and D. Milam, “Gain saturation in phosphate laser glasses,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 1941–1946 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1981 (1)

R. S. Craxton, “High efficiency frequency tripling schemes for high power Nd:glass lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 17, 1771–1782 (1981).
[CrossRef]

1966 (1)

P. V. Avizonis and R. L. Grotbeck, “Experimental and theoretical ruby laser amplifier dynamics,” J. Appl. Phys. 37, 687–693(1966).
[CrossRef]

1963 (1)

L. M. Frantz and J. S. Nodvik, “Theory of pulse propagation in a laser amplifier,” J. Appl. Phys. 34, 2346–2349 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Anderson, K. S.

V. A. Smalyuk, V. N. Goncharov, K. S. Anderson, R. Betti, R. S. Craxton, J. A. Delettrez, D. D. Meyerhofer, S. P. Regan, and T. C. Sangster, “Measurements of the effects of the intensity pickets on laser imprinting for direct-drive, adiabat-shaping designs on OMEGA,” Phys. Plasmas 14, 032702 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Avizonis, P. V.

P. V. Avizonis and R. L. Grotbeck, “Experimental and theoretical ruby laser amplifier dynamics,” J. Appl. Phys. 37, 687–693(1966).
[CrossRef]

Betti, R.

V. A. Smalyuk, V. N. Goncharov, K. S. Anderson, R. Betti, R. S. Craxton, J. A. Delettrez, D. D. Meyerhofer, S. P. Regan, and T. C. Sangster, “Measurements of the effects of the intensity pickets on laser imprinting for direct-drive, adiabat-shaping designs on OMEGA,” Phys. Plasmas 14, 032702 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bibeau, C.

C. Bibeau, “Evaluation of the I1/24 terminal level lifetime for several neodymium-doped laser crystals and glasses,” Ph.D.thesis, (Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, 1995).

Bliss, E.

J. Trenholme, A. Glass, W. Hagen, T. Gilmartin, J. Holzrichter, E. Bliss, L. Bradley, E. Dryden, J. Glaze, E. Goodwin, J. Hunt, H. Lowdermilk, W. O’Neal, W. Simmons, and J. Swingle, “Laser system design,” in Shiva Nova CP&D Interim Report, Laser Fusion Program (Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, 1977), pp. 2-3–2-324.

Boni, R.

W. R. Donaldson, R. Boni, R. L. Keck, and P. A. Jaanimagi, “A self-calibrating, multichannel streak camera for inertial confinement fusion applications,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73, 2606–2615(2002).
[CrossRef]

Bradley, D. K.

S. P. Regan, D. K. Bradley, A. V. Chirokikh, R. S. Craxton, D. D. Meyerhofer, W. Seka, R. W. Short, A. Simon, R. P. J. Town, B. Yaakobi, J. J. Carroll III, and R. P. Drake, “Laser-plasma interactions in long-scale-length plasmas under direct-drive National Ignition Facility conditions,” Phys. Plasmas 6, 2072–2080(1999).
[CrossRef]

Bradley, L.

J. Trenholme, A. Glass, W. Hagen, T. Gilmartin, J. Holzrichter, E. Bliss, L. Bradley, E. Dryden, J. Glaze, E. Goodwin, J. Hunt, H. Lowdermilk, W. O’Neal, W. Simmons, and J. Swingle, “Laser system design,” in Shiva Nova CP&D Interim Report, Laser Fusion Program (Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, 1977), pp. 2-3–2-324.

Brown, D. C.

D. C. Brown, “Nonlinear effects in high-peak-power Nd:glass laser systems,” in High-Peak-Power Nd:Glass Laser Systems, D.L.MacAdam, ed., Springer Series in Optical Sciences(Springer-Verlag, 1981), Vol. 25, pp. 214–215.

Carroll, J. J.

S. P. Regan, D. K. Bradley, A. V. Chirokikh, R. S. Craxton, D. D. Meyerhofer, W. Seka, R. W. Short, A. Simon, R. P. J. Town, B. Yaakobi, J. J. Carroll III, and R. P. Drake, “Laser-plasma interactions in long-scale-length plasmas under direct-drive National Ignition Facility conditions,” Phys. Plasmas 6, 2072–2080(1999).
[CrossRef]

Chirokikh, A. V.

S. P. Regan, D. K. Bradley, A. V. Chirokikh, R. S. Craxton, D. D. Meyerhofer, W. Seka, R. W. Short, A. Simon, R. P. J. Town, B. Yaakobi, J. J. Carroll III, and R. P. Drake, “Laser-plasma interactions in long-scale-length plasmas under direct-drive National Ignition Facility conditions,” Phys. Plasmas 6, 2072–2080(1999).
[CrossRef]

Craxton, R. S.

V. A. Smalyuk, V. N. Goncharov, K. S. Anderson, R. Betti, R. S. Craxton, J. A. Delettrez, D. D. Meyerhofer, S. P. Regan, and T. C. Sangster, “Measurements of the effects of the intensity pickets on laser imprinting for direct-drive, adiabat-shaping designs on OMEGA,” Phys. Plasmas 14, 032702 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. P. Regan, D. K. Bradley, A. V. Chirokikh, R. S. Craxton, D. D. Meyerhofer, W. Seka, R. W. Short, A. Simon, R. P. J. Town, B. Yaakobi, J. J. Carroll III, and R. P. Drake, “Laser-plasma interactions in long-scale-length plasmas under direct-drive National Ignition Facility conditions,” Phys. Plasmas 6, 2072–2080(1999).
[CrossRef]

R. S. Craxton, “High efficiency frequency tripling schemes for high power Nd:glass lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 17, 1771–1782 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Delettrez, J. A.

V. A. Smalyuk, V. N. Goncharov, K. S. Anderson, R. Betti, R. S. Craxton, J. A. Delettrez, D. D. Meyerhofer, S. P. Regan, and T. C. Sangster, “Measurements of the effects of the intensity pickets on laser imprinting for direct-drive, adiabat-shaping designs on OMEGA,” Phys. Plasmas 14, 032702 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Donaldson, W. R.

J. R. Marciante, W. R. Donaldson, and R. G. Roides, “Averaging of replicated pulses for enhanced-dynamic-range single-shot measurement of nanosecond optical pulses,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1344–1346 (2007).
[CrossRef]

W. R. Donaldson, M. Millecchia, and R. Keck, “A multichannel, high-resolution, UV spectrometer for laser-fusion applications,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76, 073106 (2005).
[CrossRef]

W. R. Donaldson, R. Boni, R. L. Keck, and P. A. Jaanimagi, “A self-calibrating, multichannel streak camera for inertial confinement fusion applications,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73, 2606–2615(2002).
[CrossRef]

Drake, R. P.

S. P. Regan, D. K. Bradley, A. V. Chirokikh, R. S. Craxton, D. D. Meyerhofer, W. Seka, R. W. Short, A. Simon, R. P. J. Town, B. Yaakobi, J. J. Carroll III, and R. P. Drake, “Laser-plasma interactions in long-scale-length plasmas under direct-drive National Ignition Facility conditions,” Phys. Plasmas 6, 2072–2080(1999).
[CrossRef]

Dryden, E.

J. Trenholme, A. Glass, W. Hagen, T. Gilmartin, J. Holzrichter, E. Bliss, L. Bradley, E. Dryden, J. Glaze, E. Goodwin, J. Hunt, H. Lowdermilk, W. O’Neal, W. Simmons, and J. Swingle, “Laser system design,” in Shiva Nova CP&D Interim Report, Laser Fusion Program (Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, 1977), pp. 2-3–2-324.

Frantz, L. M.

L. M. Frantz and J. S. Nodvik, “Theory of pulse propagation in a laser amplifier,” J. Appl. Phys. 34, 2346–2349 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Gilmartin, T.

J. Trenholme, A. Glass, W. Hagen, T. Gilmartin, J. Holzrichter, E. Bliss, L. Bradley, E. Dryden, J. Glaze, E. Goodwin, J. Hunt, H. Lowdermilk, W. O’Neal, W. Simmons, and J. Swingle, “Laser system design,” in Shiva Nova CP&D Interim Report, Laser Fusion Program (Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, 1977), pp. 2-3–2-324.

Glass, A.

J. Trenholme, A. Glass, W. Hagen, T. Gilmartin, J. Holzrichter, E. Bliss, L. Bradley, E. Dryden, J. Glaze, E. Goodwin, J. Hunt, H. Lowdermilk, W. O’Neal, W. Simmons, and J. Swingle, “Laser system design,” in Shiva Nova CP&D Interim Report, Laser Fusion Program (Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, 1977), pp. 2-3–2-324.

Glaze, J.

J. Trenholme, A. Glass, W. Hagen, T. Gilmartin, J. Holzrichter, E. Bliss, L. Bradley, E. Dryden, J. Glaze, E. Goodwin, J. Hunt, H. Lowdermilk, W. O’Neal, W. Simmons, and J. Swingle, “Laser system design,” in Shiva Nova CP&D Interim Report, Laser Fusion Program (Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, 1977), pp. 2-3–2-324.

Goncharov, V. N.

V. A. Smalyuk, V. N. Goncharov, K. S. Anderson, R. Betti, R. S. Craxton, J. A. Delettrez, D. D. Meyerhofer, S. P. Regan, and T. C. Sangster, “Measurements of the effects of the intensity pickets on laser imprinting for direct-drive, adiabat-shaping designs on OMEGA,” Phys. Plasmas 14, 032702 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Goodwin, E.

J. Trenholme, A. Glass, W. Hagen, T. Gilmartin, J. Holzrichter, E. Bliss, L. Bradley, E. Dryden, J. Glaze, E. Goodwin, J. Hunt, H. Lowdermilk, W. O’Neal, W. Simmons, and J. Swingle, “Laser system design,” in Shiva Nova CP&D Interim Report, Laser Fusion Program (Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, 1977), pp. 2-3–2-324.

Grotbeck, R. L.

P. V. Avizonis and R. L. Grotbeck, “Experimental and theoretical ruby laser amplifier dynamics,” J. Appl. Phys. 37, 687–693(1966).
[CrossRef]

Hagen, W.

J. Trenholme, A. Glass, W. Hagen, T. Gilmartin, J. Holzrichter, E. Bliss, L. Bradley, E. Dryden, J. Glaze, E. Goodwin, J. Hunt, H. Lowdermilk, W. O’Neal, W. Simmons, and J. Swingle, “Laser system design,” in Shiva Nova CP&D Interim Report, Laser Fusion Program (Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, 1977), pp. 2-3–2-324.

Holzrichter, J.

J. Trenholme, A. Glass, W. Hagen, T. Gilmartin, J. Holzrichter, E. Bliss, L. Bradley, E. Dryden, J. Glaze, E. Goodwin, J. Hunt, H. Lowdermilk, W. O’Neal, W. Simmons, and J. Swingle, “Laser system design,” in Shiva Nova CP&D Interim Report, Laser Fusion Program (Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, 1977), pp. 2-3–2-324.

Hunt, J.

J. Trenholme, A. Glass, W. Hagen, T. Gilmartin, J. Holzrichter, E. Bliss, L. Bradley, E. Dryden, J. Glaze, E. Goodwin, J. Hunt, H. Lowdermilk, W. O’Neal, W. Simmons, and J. Swingle, “Laser system design,” in Shiva Nova CP&D Interim Report, Laser Fusion Program (Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, 1977), pp. 2-3–2-324.

Jaanimagi, P. A.

W. R. Donaldson, R. Boni, R. L. Keck, and P. A. Jaanimagi, “A self-calibrating, multichannel streak camera for inertial confinement fusion applications,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73, 2606–2615(2002).
[CrossRef]

Keck, R.

W. R. Donaldson, M. Millecchia, and R. Keck, “A multichannel, high-resolution, UV spectrometer for laser-fusion applications,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76, 073106 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Keck, R. L.

W. R. Donaldson, R. Boni, R. L. Keck, and P. A. Jaanimagi, “A self-calibrating, multichannel streak camera for inertial confinement fusion applications,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73, 2606–2615(2002).
[CrossRef]

Lowdermilk, H.

J. Trenholme, A. Glass, W. Hagen, T. Gilmartin, J. Holzrichter, E. Bliss, L. Bradley, E. Dryden, J. Glaze, E. Goodwin, J. Hunt, H. Lowdermilk, W. O’Neal, W. Simmons, and J. Swingle, “Laser system design,” in Shiva Nova CP&D Interim Report, Laser Fusion Program (Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, 1977), pp. 2-3–2-324.

Marciante, J. R.

J. R. Marciante, W. R. Donaldson, and R. G. Roides, “Averaging of replicated pulses for enhanced-dynamic-range single-shot measurement of nanosecond optical pulses,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1344–1346 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Meyerhofer, D. D.

V. A. Smalyuk, V. N. Goncharov, K. S. Anderson, R. Betti, R. S. Craxton, J. A. Delettrez, D. D. Meyerhofer, S. P. Regan, and T. C. Sangster, “Measurements of the effects of the intensity pickets on laser imprinting for direct-drive, adiabat-shaping designs on OMEGA,” Phys. Plasmas 14, 032702 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Meyerhofer, D. D.

S. P. Regan, D. K. Bradley, A. V. Chirokikh, R. S. Craxton, D. D. Meyerhofer, W. Seka, R. W. Short, A. Simon, R. P. J. Town, B. Yaakobi, J. J. Carroll III, and R. P. Drake, “Laser-plasma interactions in long-scale-length plasmas under direct-drive National Ignition Facility conditions,” Phys. Plasmas 6, 2072–2080(1999).
[CrossRef]

Milam, D.

S. M. Yarema and D. Milam, “Gain saturation in phosphate laser glasses,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 1941–1946 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Millecchia, M.

W. R. Donaldson, M. Millecchia, and R. Keck, “A multichannel, high-resolution, UV spectrometer for laser-fusion applications,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76, 073106 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nodvik, J. S.

L. M. Frantz and J. S. Nodvik, “Theory of pulse propagation in a laser amplifier,” J. Appl. Phys. 34, 2346–2349 (1963).
[CrossRef]

O’Neal, W.

J. Trenholme, A. Glass, W. Hagen, T. Gilmartin, J. Holzrichter, E. Bliss, L. Bradley, E. Dryden, J. Glaze, E. Goodwin, J. Hunt, H. Lowdermilk, W. O’Neal, W. Simmons, and J. Swingle, “Laser system design,” in Shiva Nova CP&D Interim Report, Laser Fusion Program (Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, 1977), pp. 2-3–2-324.

Regan, S. P.

V. A. Smalyuk, V. N. Goncharov, K. S. Anderson, R. Betti, R. S. Craxton, J. A. Delettrez, D. D. Meyerhofer, S. P. Regan, and T. C. Sangster, “Measurements of the effects of the intensity pickets on laser imprinting for direct-drive, adiabat-shaping designs on OMEGA,” Phys. Plasmas 14, 032702 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. P. Regan, D. K. Bradley, A. V. Chirokikh, R. S. Craxton, D. D. Meyerhofer, W. Seka, R. W. Short, A. Simon, R. P. J. Town, B. Yaakobi, J. J. Carroll III, and R. P. Drake, “Laser-plasma interactions in long-scale-length plasmas under direct-drive National Ignition Facility conditions,” Phys. Plasmas 6, 2072–2080(1999).
[CrossRef]

Roides, R. G.

J. R. Marciante, W. R. Donaldson, and R. G. Roides, “Averaging of replicated pulses for enhanced-dynamic-range single-shot measurement of nanosecond optical pulses,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1344–1346 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sangster, T. C.

V. A. Smalyuk, V. N. Goncharov, K. S. Anderson, R. Betti, R. S. Craxton, J. A. Delettrez, D. D. Meyerhofer, S. P. Regan, and T. C. Sangster, “Measurements of the effects of the intensity pickets on laser imprinting for direct-drive, adiabat-shaping designs on OMEGA,” Phys. Plasmas 14, 032702 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Seka, W.

S. P. Regan, D. K. Bradley, A. V. Chirokikh, R. S. Craxton, D. D. Meyerhofer, W. Seka, R. W. Short, A. Simon, R. P. J. Town, B. Yaakobi, J. J. Carroll III, and R. P. Drake, “Laser-plasma interactions in long-scale-length plasmas under direct-drive National Ignition Facility conditions,” Phys. Plasmas 6, 2072–2080(1999).
[CrossRef]

Shen, Y. R.

Y. R. Shen, “Four-wave mixing,” in The Principles of Nonlinear Optics (Wiley, 1984), pp. 242–265.

Short, R. W.

S. P. Regan, D. K. Bradley, A. V. Chirokikh, R. S. Craxton, D. D. Meyerhofer, W. Seka, R. W. Short, A. Simon, R. P. J. Town, B. Yaakobi, J. J. Carroll III, and R. P. Drake, “Laser-plasma interactions in long-scale-length plasmas under direct-drive National Ignition Facility conditions,” Phys. Plasmas 6, 2072–2080(1999).
[CrossRef]

Simmons, W.

J. Trenholme, A. Glass, W. Hagen, T. Gilmartin, J. Holzrichter, E. Bliss, L. Bradley, E. Dryden, J. Glaze, E. Goodwin, J. Hunt, H. Lowdermilk, W. O’Neal, W. Simmons, and J. Swingle, “Laser system design,” in Shiva Nova CP&D Interim Report, Laser Fusion Program (Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, 1977), pp. 2-3–2-324.

Simon, A.

S. P. Regan, D. K. Bradley, A. V. Chirokikh, R. S. Craxton, D. D. Meyerhofer, W. Seka, R. W. Short, A. Simon, R. P. J. Town, B. Yaakobi, J. J. Carroll III, and R. P. Drake, “Laser-plasma interactions in long-scale-length plasmas under direct-drive National Ignition Facility conditions,” Phys. Plasmas 6, 2072–2080(1999).
[CrossRef]

Skeldon, M. D.

Smalyuk, V. A.

V. A. Smalyuk, V. N. Goncharov, K. S. Anderson, R. Betti, R. S. Craxton, J. A. Delettrez, D. D. Meyerhofer, S. P. Regan, and T. C. Sangster, “Measurements of the effects of the intensity pickets on laser imprinting for direct-drive, adiabat-shaping designs on OMEGA,” Phys. Plasmas 14, 032702 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Swingle, J.

J. Trenholme, A. Glass, W. Hagen, T. Gilmartin, J. Holzrichter, E. Bliss, L. Bradley, E. Dryden, J. Glaze, E. Goodwin, J. Hunt, H. Lowdermilk, W. O’Neal, W. Simmons, and J. Swingle, “Laser system design,” in Shiva Nova CP&D Interim Report, Laser Fusion Program (Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, 1977), pp. 2-3–2-324.

Town, R. P. J.

S. P. Regan, D. K. Bradley, A. V. Chirokikh, R. S. Craxton, D. D. Meyerhofer, W. Seka, R. W. Short, A. Simon, R. P. J. Town, B. Yaakobi, J. J. Carroll III, and R. P. Drake, “Laser-plasma interactions in long-scale-length plasmas under direct-drive National Ignition Facility conditions,” Phys. Plasmas 6, 2072–2080(1999).
[CrossRef]

Trenholme, J.

J. Trenholme, A. Glass, W. Hagen, T. Gilmartin, J. Holzrichter, E. Bliss, L. Bradley, E. Dryden, J. Glaze, E. Goodwin, J. Hunt, H. Lowdermilk, W. O’Neal, W. Simmons, and J. Swingle, “Laser system design,” in Shiva Nova CP&D Interim Report, Laser Fusion Program (Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, 1977), pp. 2-3–2-324.

Yaakobi, B.

S. P. Regan, D. K. Bradley, A. V. Chirokikh, R. S. Craxton, D. D. Meyerhofer, W. Seka, R. W. Short, A. Simon, R. P. J. Town, B. Yaakobi, J. J. Carroll III, and R. P. Drake, “Laser-plasma interactions in long-scale-length plasmas under direct-drive National Ignition Facility conditions,” Phys. Plasmas 6, 2072–2080(1999).
[CrossRef]

Yarema, S. M.

S. M. Yarema and D. Milam, “Gain saturation in phosphate laser glasses,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 1941–1946 (1982).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

S. M. Yarema and D. Milam, “Gain saturation in phosphate laser glasses,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 1941–1946 (1982).
[CrossRef]

R. S. Craxton, “High efficiency frequency tripling schemes for high power Nd:glass lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 17, 1771–1782 (1981).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Temporal UV pulse shape at the output of the system as measured by the streak cameras (dashed black curve) matches the predicted pulse shape (solid blue curve) derived from the rescaled input IR pulse (dotted red curve).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

UV spectrum at the output of the system for a 1 ns , 556 J square pulse (dotted red curve), a 100 ps , 48 J pulse (solid blue curve), and a 3 ns , 68 J square pulse (dashed green curve). The squares represent spectral components that have been frequency upshifted, and the circles have been downshifted. The 3 ns pulse does not undergo SPM.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Combined plot of ν versus d P rise / d t (circles) and ν + versus d P fall / d t (squares). Data were acquired for both 100 ps double-Gaussian pulses (open symbols) and 1 ns super-Gaussian pulses (filled symbols). The symbols are consistent with Fig. 2.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Comparison of the frequency-shifted spectra derived from the spectrometer (black curve) with that derived from d P / d t as measured by the streak camera (red curve) and predicted by the system model (blue curve). Frequencies within the resolution bandwidth of the spectrometer have been removed to highlight the shifted frequencies.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Time-resolved centroid of the UV spectrum (black “x” symbols) matches the derivative of the UV scaled by the constant 32 Å ps / TW (blue curve). The UV temporal shape is overlaid in red.

Equations (6)

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B ( t ) = 2 π λ 0 L γ ( z ) × I ( z , t ) × d z
Δ ν ( t ) = 1 2 π d B ( t ) d t = 1 λ 0 L γ ( z ) A ( z ) × d P ( z , t ) d t × d z .
P ( t ) = P 0 × e [ ( t t 0 ) / τ ] 2 ,
d P UV d t rise = 0.1 P max 0.8 P max d P UV ( t ) d t × P UV × d t / 0.1 P max 0.8 P max × P UV × d t .
S Δ ( ν ) = [ S meas ( ν ) S resp ( ν ) ] .
ν = ν 0 ν × S Δ ( ν ) × d ν / ν 0 S Δ ( ν ) × d ν ,

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