Abstract

We study theoretically the effects of pulse slowdown and speedup in ferroelectric Sn2P2S6 possessing a self- compensating photorefractive response. It is shown that both these effects can be implemented in one sample for sufficiently large values of the coupling strength. In contrast to other types of the photorefractive response (local and nonlocal), the output pulses do not suffer from strong spatial amplification and broadening.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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  1. L. V. Hau, S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton, and C. Behroozi, “Light speed reduction to 17 metres per second in an ultracold atomic gas,” Nature (London) 397, 594–598 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  2. C. Liu, Z. Dutton, C. Behroozi, and L. V. Hau, “Observation of coherent optical information storage in an atomic medium using halted light pulses,” Nature (London) 409, 490–493 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  3. R. W. Boyd and D. J. Gauthier, “‘Slow’ and ‘fast’ light,” Progress in Optics, E.Wolf ed. (Elsevier, 2002), Vol. 43, pp. 497–530.
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. S. Bigelow, N. N. Lepeshkin, and R. W. Boyd, “Superluminal and slow light propagation in a room-temperature solid,” Science 301, 200–202 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. M. O. Scully and G. R. Welch, “Slow, stopped and stored light,” Phys. World 17(10), 31–34 (2004).
  6. S. E. Harris, “Electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Today 50, 36–42 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  7. M. Scully and M. Fleischhauer, “High-sensitivity magnetometer based on index-enhanced media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 1360–1363(1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. Z. Dutton and L. V. Hau, “Storing and processing optical information with ultraslow light in Bose-Einstein condensates,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 053831 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  9. A. Turukhin, V. Sudarshanam, M. S. Shahriar, J. A. Musser, B. S. Ham, and P. R. Hemmer, “Observation of ultraslow and stored light pulses in a solid,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 023602(2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. M. S. Bigelow, N. N. Lepeshkin, and R. W. Boyd, “Observation of ultraslow light propagation in a ruby crystal at room temperature,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 113903 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. A. Schweinsberg, N. N. Lepeshkin, M. S. Bigelow, R. W. Boyd, and S. Jarabo, “Observation of superluminal and slow light propagation in erbium-doped optical fiber,” Europhys. Lett. 73, 218–224 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  12. P. Ku, F. Sedgwick, C. J. Chang-Hasnain, P. Palinginis, T. Li, H. Wang, S. W. Chang, and S. L. Chuang, “Slow light in semiconductor quantum wells,” Opt. Lett. 29, 2291–2293(2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. S. Stepanov and M. P. Sanchez, “Slow and fast light via two-wave mixing in erbium-doped fibers with saturable absorption,” Phys. Rev. A 80, 053830 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  14. E. Podivilov, B. Sturman, A. Shumelyuk, and S. Odoulov, “Light pulses slowing down up to 0.025cm/s by photorefractive two-wave coupling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 083902 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. A. Shumelyuk, K. Shcherbin, S. Odoulov, B. Sturman, E. Podivilov, and K. Buse, “Slowing down of light in photorefractive crystals with beam intensity coupling reduced to zero,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 243604 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  16. B. I. Sturman, E. V. Podivilov, and M. V. Gorkunov, “Photorefractive manipulation of light pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 063808(2008).
    [CrossRef]
  17. B. Sturman, P. Mathey, R. Rebhi, and H. Jauslin, “Nonlinear pulse deceleration using photorefractive four-wave mixing,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26, 1949–1953 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  18. G. Zhang, R. Dong, F. Bo, and J. Xu,“Slowdown of group velocity of light by means of phase coupling in photorefractive two-wave mixing,” Appl. Opt. 43, 1167–1173(2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. G. Zhang, F. Bo, R. Dong, and J. Xu,“Phase-coupling-induced ultraslow light propagation in solids at room temperature,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 133903 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. L. Solymar, D. Webb, and A. Grunnet-Jepsen, The Physics and Applications of Photorefractive Materials (Clarendon Press, 1996).
  21. S. G. Odoulov, A. N. Shumelyuk, U. Hellwig, R. A. Rupp, A. A. Grabar, and I. M. Stoika, “Photorefraction in tin hypothiodiphosphate in the near infrared,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 2352–2360(1996).
    [CrossRef]
  22. A. A. Grabar, Yu. M. Vysochanskii, A. N. Shumelyuk, M. Jazbinsek, G. Montemezzani, and P. Günter, “Photorefractive effects in Sn2P2S6,” in Photorefractive Materials and Their Applications, P.Günter and J.-P.Huignard eds. (Springer Verlag, 2006), Vol. 2, pp. 327–362.
  23. B. Sturman, P. Mathey, H. Jauslin, S. Odoulov, and A. Shumelyuk, “Modeling of the photorefractive nonlinear response in Sn2P2S6 crystals,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 1303–1309(2007).
    [CrossRef]
  24. A. Shumelyuk and S. Odoulov, “Light pulse manipulation in Sn2P2S6,” J. Opt. 12, 104015 (2010).
    [CrossRef]

2010 (1)

A. Shumelyuk and S. Odoulov, “Light pulse manipulation in Sn2P2S6,” J. Opt. 12, 104015 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (2)

S. Stepanov and M. P. Sanchez, “Slow and fast light via two-wave mixing in erbium-doped fibers with saturable absorption,” Phys. Rev. A 80, 053830 (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. Sturman, P. Mathey, R. Rebhi, and H. Jauslin, “Nonlinear pulse deceleration using photorefractive four-wave mixing,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26, 1949–1953 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

B. I. Sturman, E. V. Podivilov, and M. V. Gorkunov, “Photorefractive manipulation of light pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 063808(2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

2006 (1)

A. Schweinsberg, N. N. Lepeshkin, M. S. Bigelow, R. W. Boyd, and S. Jarabo, “Observation of superluminal and slow light propagation in erbium-doped optical fiber,” Europhys. Lett. 73, 218–224 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004 (6)

A. Shumelyuk, K. Shcherbin, S. Odoulov, B. Sturman, E. Podivilov, and K. Buse, “Slowing down of light in photorefractive crystals with beam intensity coupling reduced to zero,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 243604 (2004).
[CrossRef]

G. Zhang, F. Bo, R. Dong, and J. Xu,“Phase-coupling-induced ultraslow light propagation in solids at room temperature,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 133903 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. O. Scully and G. R. Welch, “Slow, stopped and stored light,” Phys. World 17(10), 31–34 (2004).

Z. Dutton and L. V. Hau, “Storing and processing optical information with ultraslow light in Bose-Einstein condensates,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 053831 (2004).
[CrossRef]

G. Zhang, R. Dong, F. Bo, and J. Xu,“Slowdown of group velocity of light by means of phase coupling in photorefractive two-wave mixing,” Appl. Opt. 43, 1167–1173(2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Ku, F. Sedgwick, C. J. Chang-Hasnain, P. Palinginis, T. Li, H. Wang, S. W. Chang, and S. L. Chuang, “Slow light in semiconductor quantum wells,” Opt. Lett. 29, 2291–2293(2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (3)

M. S. Bigelow, N. N. Lepeshkin, and R. W. Boyd, “Superluminal and slow light propagation in a room-temperature solid,” Science 301, 200–202 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. S. Bigelow, N. N. Lepeshkin, and R. W. Boyd, “Observation of ultraslow light propagation in a ruby crystal at room temperature,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 113903 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Podivilov, B. Sturman, A. Shumelyuk, and S. Odoulov, “Light pulses slowing down up to 0.025cm/s by photorefractive two-wave coupling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 083902 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

A. Turukhin, V. Sudarshanam, M. S. Shahriar, J. A. Musser, B. S. Ham, and P. R. Hemmer, “Observation of ultraslow and stored light pulses in a solid,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 023602(2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001 (1)

C. Liu, Z. Dutton, C. Behroozi, and L. V. Hau, “Observation of coherent optical information storage in an atomic medium using halted light pulses,” Nature (London) 409, 490–493 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

L. V. Hau, S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton, and C. Behroozi, “Light speed reduction to 17 metres per second in an ultracold atomic gas,” Nature (London) 397, 594–598 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

S. E. Harris, “Electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Today 50, 36–42 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

1992 (1)

M. Scully and M. Fleischhauer, “High-sensitivity magnetometer based on index-enhanced media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 1360–1363(1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Behroozi, C.

C. Liu, Z. Dutton, C. Behroozi, and L. V. Hau, “Observation of coherent optical information storage in an atomic medium using halted light pulses,” Nature (London) 409, 490–493 (2001).
[CrossRef]

L. V. Hau, S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton, and C. Behroozi, “Light speed reduction to 17 metres per second in an ultracold atomic gas,” Nature (London) 397, 594–598 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bigelow, M. S.

A. Schweinsberg, N. N. Lepeshkin, M. S. Bigelow, R. W. Boyd, and S. Jarabo, “Observation of superluminal and slow light propagation in erbium-doped optical fiber,” Europhys. Lett. 73, 218–224 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. S. Bigelow, N. N. Lepeshkin, and R. W. Boyd, “Superluminal and slow light propagation in a room-temperature solid,” Science 301, 200–202 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. S. Bigelow, N. N. Lepeshkin, and R. W. Boyd, “Observation of ultraslow light propagation in a ruby crystal at room temperature,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 113903 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bo, F.

G. Zhang, F. Bo, R. Dong, and J. Xu,“Phase-coupling-induced ultraslow light propagation in solids at room temperature,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 133903 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Zhang, R. Dong, F. Bo, and J. Xu,“Slowdown of group velocity of light by means of phase coupling in photorefractive two-wave mixing,” Appl. Opt. 43, 1167–1173(2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Boyd, R. W.

A. Schweinsberg, N. N. Lepeshkin, M. S. Bigelow, R. W. Boyd, and S. Jarabo, “Observation of superluminal and slow light propagation in erbium-doped optical fiber,” Europhys. Lett. 73, 218–224 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. S. Bigelow, N. N. Lepeshkin, and R. W. Boyd, “Superluminal and slow light propagation in a room-temperature solid,” Science 301, 200–202 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. S. Bigelow, N. N. Lepeshkin, and R. W. Boyd, “Observation of ultraslow light propagation in a ruby crystal at room temperature,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 113903 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. W. Boyd and D. J. Gauthier, “‘Slow’ and ‘fast’ light,” Progress in Optics, E.Wolf ed. (Elsevier, 2002), Vol. 43, pp. 497–530.
[CrossRef]

Buse, K.

A. Shumelyuk, K. Shcherbin, S. Odoulov, B. Sturman, E. Podivilov, and K. Buse, “Slowing down of light in photorefractive crystals with beam intensity coupling reduced to zero,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 243604 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chang, S. W.

Chang-Hasnain, C. J.

Chuang, S. L.

Dong, R.

G. Zhang, F. Bo, R. Dong, and J. Xu,“Phase-coupling-induced ultraslow light propagation in solids at room temperature,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 133903 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Zhang, R. Dong, F. Bo, and J. Xu,“Slowdown of group velocity of light by means of phase coupling in photorefractive two-wave mixing,” Appl. Opt. 43, 1167–1173(2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dutton, Z.

Z. Dutton and L. V. Hau, “Storing and processing optical information with ultraslow light in Bose-Einstein condensates,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 053831 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. Liu, Z. Dutton, C. Behroozi, and L. V. Hau, “Observation of coherent optical information storage in an atomic medium using halted light pulses,” Nature (London) 409, 490–493 (2001).
[CrossRef]

L. V. Hau, S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton, and C. Behroozi, “Light speed reduction to 17 metres per second in an ultracold atomic gas,” Nature (London) 397, 594–598 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Fleischhauer, M.

M. Scully and M. Fleischhauer, “High-sensitivity magnetometer based on index-enhanced media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 1360–1363(1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gauthier, D. J.

R. W. Boyd and D. J. Gauthier, “‘Slow’ and ‘fast’ light,” Progress in Optics, E.Wolf ed. (Elsevier, 2002), Vol. 43, pp. 497–530.
[CrossRef]

Gorkunov, M. V.

B. I. Sturman, E. V. Podivilov, and M. V. Gorkunov, “Photorefractive manipulation of light pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 063808(2008).
[CrossRef]

Grabar, A. A.

S. G. Odoulov, A. N. Shumelyuk, U. Hellwig, R. A. Rupp, A. A. Grabar, and I. M. Stoika, “Photorefraction in tin hypothiodiphosphate in the near infrared,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 2352–2360(1996).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Grabar, Yu. M. Vysochanskii, A. N. Shumelyuk, M. Jazbinsek, G. Montemezzani, and P. Günter, “Photorefractive effects in Sn2P2S6,” in Photorefractive Materials and Their Applications, P.Günter and J.-P.Huignard eds. (Springer Verlag, 2006), Vol. 2, pp. 327–362.

Grunnet-Jepsen, A.

L. Solymar, D. Webb, and A. Grunnet-Jepsen, The Physics and Applications of Photorefractive Materials (Clarendon Press, 1996).

Günter, P.

A. A. Grabar, Yu. M. Vysochanskii, A. N. Shumelyuk, M. Jazbinsek, G. Montemezzani, and P. Günter, “Photorefractive effects in Sn2P2S6,” in Photorefractive Materials and Their Applications, P.Günter and J.-P.Huignard eds. (Springer Verlag, 2006), Vol. 2, pp. 327–362.

Ham, B. S.

A. Turukhin, V. Sudarshanam, M. S. Shahriar, J. A. Musser, B. S. Ham, and P. R. Hemmer, “Observation of ultraslow and stored light pulses in a solid,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 023602(2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Harris, S. E.

L. V. Hau, S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton, and C. Behroozi, “Light speed reduction to 17 metres per second in an ultracold atomic gas,” Nature (London) 397, 594–598 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. E. Harris, “Electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Today 50, 36–42 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Hau, L. V.

Z. Dutton and L. V. Hau, “Storing and processing optical information with ultraslow light in Bose-Einstein condensates,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 053831 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. Liu, Z. Dutton, C. Behroozi, and L. V. Hau, “Observation of coherent optical information storage in an atomic medium using halted light pulses,” Nature (London) 409, 490–493 (2001).
[CrossRef]

L. V. Hau, S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton, and C. Behroozi, “Light speed reduction to 17 metres per second in an ultracold atomic gas,” Nature (London) 397, 594–598 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hellwig, U.

Hemmer, P. R.

A. Turukhin, V. Sudarshanam, M. S. Shahriar, J. A. Musser, B. S. Ham, and P. R. Hemmer, “Observation of ultraslow and stored light pulses in a solid,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 023602(2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jarabo, S.

A. Schweinsberg, N. N. Lepeshkin, M. S. Bigelow, R. W. Boyd, and S. Jarabo, “Observation of superluminal and slow light propagation in erbium-doped optical fiber,” Europhys. Lett. 73, 218–224 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Jauslin, H.

Jazbinsek, M.

A. A. Grabar, Yu. M. Vysochanskii, A. N. Shumelyuk, M. Jazbinsek, G. Montemezzani, and P. Günter, “Photorefractive effects in Sn2P2S6,” in Photorefractive Materials and Their Applications, P.Günter and J.-P.Huignard eds. (Springer Verlag, 2006), Vol. 2, pp. 327–362.

Ku, P.

Lepeshkin, N. N.

A. Schweinsberg, N. N. Lepeshkin, M. S. Bigelow, R. W. Boyd, and S. Jarabo, “Observation of superluminal and slow light propagation in erbium-doped optical fiber,” Europhys. Lett. 73, 218–224 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. S. Bigelow, N. N. Lepeshkin, and R. W. Boyd, “Observation of ultraslow light propagation in a ruby crystal at room temperature,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 113903 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. S. Bigelow, N. N. Lepeshkin, and R. W. Boyd, “Superluminal and slow light propagation in a room-temperature solid,” Science 301, 200–202 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, T.

Liu, C.

C. Liu, Z. Dutton, C. Behroozi, and L. V. Hau, “Observation of coherent optical information storage in an atomic medium using halted light pulses,” Nature (London) 409, 490–493 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Mathey, P.

Montemezzani, G.

A. A. Grabar, Yu. M. Vysochanskii, A. N. Shumelyuk, M. Jazbinsek, G. Montemezzani, and P. Günter, “Photorefractive effects in Sn2P2S6,” in Photorefractive Materials and Their Applications, P.Günter and J.-P.Huignard eds. (Springer Verlag, 2006), Vol. 2, pp. 327–362.

Musser, J. A.

A. Turukhin, V. Sudarshanam, M. S. Shahriar, J. A. Musser, B. S. Ham, and P. R. Hemmer, “Observation of ultraslow and stored light pulses in a solid,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 023602(2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Odoulov, S.

A. Shumelyuk and S. Odoulov, “Light pulse manipulation in Sn2P2S6,” J. Opt. 12, 104015 (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. Sturman, P. Mathey, H. Jauslin, S. Odoulov, and A. Shumelyuk, “Modeling of the photorefractive nonlinear response in Sn2P2S6 crystals,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 1303–1309(2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Shumelyuk, K. Shcherbin, S. Odoulov, B. Sturman, E. Podivilov, and K. Buse, “Slowing down of light in photorefractive crystals with beam intensity coupling reduced to zero,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 243604 (2004).
[CrossRef]

E. Podivilov, B. Sturman, A. Shumelyuk, and S. Odoulov, “Light pulses slowing down up to 0.025cm/s by photorefractive two-wave coupling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 083902 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Odoulov, S. G.

Palinginis, P.

Podivilov, E.

A. Shumelyuk, K. Shcherbin, S. Odoulov, B. Sturman, E. Podivilov, and K. Buse, “Slowing down of light in photorefractive crystals with beam intensity coupling reduced to zero,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 243604 (2004).
[CrossRef]

E. Podivilov, B. Sturman, A. Shumelyuk, and S. Odoulov, “Light pulses slowing down up to 0.025cm/s by photorefractive two-wave coupling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 083902 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Podivilov, E. V.

B. I. Sturman, E. V. Podivilov, and M. V. Gorkunov, “Photorefractive manipulation of light pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 063808(2008).
[CrossRef]

Rebhi, R.

Rupp, R. A.

Sanchez, M. P.

S. Stepanov and M. P. Sanchez, “Slow and fast light via two-wave mixing in erbium-doped fibers with saturable absorption,” Phys. Rev. A 80, 053830 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Schweinsberg, A.

A. Schweinsberg, N. N. Lepeshkin, M. S. Bigelow, R. W. Boyd, and S. Jarabo, “Observation of superluminal and slow light propagation in erbium-doped optical fiber,” Europhys. Lett. 73, 218–224 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Scully, M.

M. Scully and M. Fleischhauer, “High-sensitivity magnetometer based on index-enhanced media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 1360–1363(1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Scully, M. O.

M. O. Scully and G. R. Welch, “Slow, stopped and stored light,” Phys. World 17(10), 31–34 (2004).

Sedgwick, F.

Shahriar, M. S.

A. Turukhin, V. Sudarshanam, M. S. Shahriar, J. A. Musser, B. S. Ham, and P. R. Hemmer, “Observation of ultraslow and stored light pulses in a solid,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 023602(2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shcherbin, K.

A. Shumelyuk, K. Shcherbin, S. Odoulov, B. Sturman, E. Podivilov, and K. Buse, “Slowing down of light in photorefractive crystals with beam intensity coupling reduced to zero,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 243604 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Shumelyuk, A.

A. Shumelyuk and S. Odoulov, “Light pulse manipulation in Sn2P2S6,” J. Opt. 12, 104015 (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. Sturman, P. Mathey, H. Jauslin, S. Odoulov, and A. Shumelyuk, “Modeling of the photorefractive nonlinear response in Sn2P2S6 crystals,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 1303–1309(2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Shumelyuk, K. Shcherbin, S. Odoulov, B. Sturman, E. Podivilov, and K. Buse, “Slowing down of light in photorefractive crystals with beam intensity coupling reduced to zero,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 243604 (2004).
[CrossRef]

E. Podivilov, B. Sturman, A. Shumelyuk, and S. Odoulov, “Light pulses slowing down up to 0.025cm/s by photorefractive two-wave coupling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 083902 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shumelyuk, A. N.

S. G. Odoulov, A. N. Shumelyuk, U. Hellwig, R. A. Rupp, A. A. Grabar, and I. M. Stoika, “Photorefraction in tin hypothiodiphosphate in the near infrared,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 2352–2360(1996).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Grabar, Yu. M. Vysochanskii, A. N. Shumelyuk, M. Jazbinsek, G. Montemezzani, and P. Günter, “Photorefractive effects in Sn2P2S6,” in Photorefractive Materials and Their Applications, P.Günter and J.-P.Huignard eds. (Springer Verlag, 2006), Vol. 2, pp. 327–362.

Solymar, L.

L. Solymar, D. Webb, and A. Grunnet-Jepsen, The Physics and Applications of Photorefractive Materials (Clarendon Press, 1996).

Stepanov, S.

S. Stepanov and M. P. Sanchez, “Slow and fast light via two-wave mixing in erbium-doped fibers with saturable absorption,” Phys. Rev. A 80, 053830 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Stoika, I. M.

Sturman, B.

B. Sturman, P. Mathey, R. Rebhi, and H. Jauslin, “Nonlinear pulse deceleration using photorefractive four-wave mixing,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26, 1949–1953 (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. Sturman, P. Mathey, H. Jauslin, S. Odoulov, and A. Shumelyuk, “Modeling of the photorefractive nonlinear response in Sn2P2S6 crystals,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 1303–1309(2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Shumelyuk, K. Shcherbin, S. Odoulov, B. Sturman, E. Podivilov, and K. Buse, “Slowing down of light in photorefractive crystals with beam intensity coupling reduced to zero,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 243604 (2004).
[CrossRef]

E. Podivilov, B. Sturman, A. Shumelyuk, and S. Odoulov, “Light pulses slowing down up to 0.025cm/s by photorefractive two-wave coupling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 083902 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sturman, B. I.

B. I. Sturman, E. V. Podivilov, and M. V. Gorkunov, “Photorefractive manipulation of light pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 063808(2008).
[CrossRef]

Sudarshanam, V.

A. Turukhin, V. Sudarshanam, M. S. Shahriar, J. A. Musser, B. S. Ham, and P. R. Hemmer, “Observation of ultraslow and stored light pulses in a solid,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 023602(2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Turukhin, A.

A. Turukhin, V. Sudarshanam, M. S. Shahriar, J. A. Musser, B. S. Ham, and P. R. Hemmer, “Observation of ultraslow and stored light pulses in a solid,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 023602(2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vysochanskii, Yu. M.

A. A. Grabar, Yu. M. Vysochanskii, A. N. Shumelyuk, M. Jazbinsek, G. Montemezzani, and P. Günter, “Photorefractive effects in Sn2P2S6,” in Photorefractive Materials and Their Applications, P.Günter and J.-P.Huignard eds. (Springer Verlag, 2006), Vol. 2, pp. 327–362.

Wang, H.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Scheme of a PR experiment on slowdown/speedup of light pulses. The time shift at the output can be both positive and negative.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Real and imaginary parts of f ω versus ω τ f , (a) and (c), and versus ω τ s , (b) and (d), in the low-frequency range for b = 0.03 and τ s / τ f = 100 .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Normalized output intensity | a ( d , t ) / a 0 | 2 versus t / t 0 for b = 0 , τ s / t 0 = 0.1 , and four negative values of the coupling strength. Curves 1, 2, 3, and 4 are plotted for g = 5 , 10 , 15 , and 20 , respectively. The dashed line shows the input intensity profile.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Normalized output intensity | a ( d , t ) / a 0 | 2 versus t / t 0 for b = 0 , τ s / t 0 = 0.12 , and four positive values of the coupling strength. The solid lines 1, 2, 3, and 4 correspond to g = 5 , 10, 15, 20, respectively. The dashed line shows the input intensity profile.

Equations (8)

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A z = i π n 3 r λ E A p ,
A p z = i π n 3 r λ E * A .
a ω z = i π n 3 r λ E ω ,
E ω = i E ˜ D a ω f ω ,
a ω ( d ) = a ω ( 0 ) e γ ω d ,
f ω = b i ω τ s ( 1 i ω τ f ) ( 1 i ω τ s ) ,
a ( d , t ) a 0 = t 0 2 π e 0.25 ω 2 t 0 2 + g f ω i ω t d ω ,
a ( d , t ) a 0 t 0 w exp ( b g ) · exp [ ( t Δ t ) 2 w 2 ] ,

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