Abstract

We grew oriented single crystals of BaYLuF8 and Nd:BaY2F8 doped with Nd3+. An experimental investigation and comparison of the spectroscopic properties of the two crystals are presented to guide their use as lasing elements in solid-state lasers. The absorption and stimulated emission cross section of the Nd3+ F3/24 decay to the I9/24, I11/24 and I13/24 states, for light linearly polarized along the three principal axes, were obtained at room temperature. Nd:BaYLuF8 shows absorption and stimulated emission cross sections that are very similar to those of Nd:BaY2F8, making it a good candidate for lasers. Because Nd:BaYLuF8 is easier to grow than Nd:BaY2F8, it is a viable alternative as a laser medium.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. E. Sani, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, A. Agnesi, A. Guandalini, and G. Reali, “Spectroscopic analysis and diode-pumped laser results of Nd:BaY2F8,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 971–978(2003).
    [CrossRef]
  2. Agnesi, F. Pirzio, G. Reali, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, and H. P. Jenssen, “Diode-pumped Nd:BaY2F8 picosecond laser,” Opt. Commun. 281, 6094–6096 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  3. A. A. Kaminskii, A. V. Butashin, J. Hulliger, Ph. Egger, S. N. Bagayev, H. J. Eichler, J. Findeisen, B. Liu, U. Tauber, P. Peuser, and S. N. Sulyanov, “New anisotropic rare earth fluorides BaR2F8 (R=Y,Dy-Lu) growth and characterization,” J. Alloys Compd. 275–277, 442–446 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  4. N. P. Barnes, K. E. Murray, A. Cassanho, K. M. Dinndorf, and H. P. Jenssen, “Flashlamp Pumped Nd:BaY2F8,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers (Optical Society of America, 1993), Vol. 15, pp. 24–27.
  5. J. Trebes, M.Feit, S. Hatchett, M. Key, M. Perry, T. Phillips, J. Sefcik, R. Snavely, and M. Weber, “Fast gate: subnanosecond gated detectors for laser radiography,” Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Tech. Rep. UCRL-ID 137925 (February 2000).
  6. A. A. Kaminskii, “New room-temperature diode-laser-pumped efficient quasi-CW and CW single-mode laser based on monoclinic BaY2F8:Nd3+ crystal,” Phys. Stat. Solidi (a) 137, K61–K63(1993).
    [CrossRef]
  7. S. P. Chernov, L. I. Devyatkova, O. N. Ivanova, A. A. Kaminskii, V. V. Mikhailin, S. N. Rudnev, and T. V. Uvarova, “5d14fN−1−4fN Absorption and luminescence of Ce3+, Pr3+, and Nd3+ ions in BaY2F8 single crystals,” Phys. Stat. Solidi (a) 88, K169–K173(1985).
    [CrossRef]
  8. M. F. Joubert, B. Jacquier, C. Linares, and R. M. Macfarlane, “A spectroscopy study of BaY2F8:Nd3+,” J. Lumin. 47, 269–280(1991).
    [CrossRef]
  9. W. L. Bond, “Measurement of the refractive indices of several crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 36, 1674–1677 (1965).
    [CrossRef]
  10. H. P. Jenssen and A. Cassanho, “Fluoride laser crystals—old and new,” Proc. SPIE 6100, 61000W (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  11. J. C. Brice, The Growth of Crystals from the Melt (North-Holland, 1965).
  12. W. Koechner, Solid State Laser Engineering (Springer, 1999).
  13. K. M. Dinndorf, D. S. Knowles, M. Gojer, C. J. Taylor, and H. P. Jenssen, “Principal axes for transitions in monoclinic crystals,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers (Optical Society of America, 1992), Vol. 13, pp. 270–274.
  14. B. F. Aull and H. P. Jenssen, “Vibronic interactions in Nb:YAG resulting in nonreciprocity of absorption and stimulated emission cross sections,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 925–930(1982).
    [CrossRef]

2008 (1)

Agnesi, F. Pirzio, G. Reali, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, and H. P. Jenssen, “Diode-pumped Nd:BaY2F8 picosecond laser,” Opt. Commun. 281, 6094–6096 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

H. P. Jenssen and A. Cassanho, “Fluoride laser crystals—old and new,” Proc. SPIE 6100, 61000W (2006).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

E. Sani, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, A. Agnesi, A. Guandalini, and G. Reali, “Spectroscopic analysis and diode-pumped laser results of Nd:BaY2F8,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 971–978(2003).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

A. A. Kaminskii, A. V. Butashin, J. Hulliger, Ph. Egger, S. N. Bagayev, H. J. Eichler, J. Findeisen, B. Liu, U. Tauber, P. Peuser, and S. N. Sulyanov, “New anisotropic rare earth fluorides BaR2F8 (R=Y,Dy-Lu) growth and characterization,” J. Alloys Compd. 275–277, 442–446 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

A. A. Kaminskii, “New room-temperature diode-laser-pumped efficient quasi-CW and CW single-mode laser based on monoclinic BaY2F8:Nd3+ crystal,” Phys. Stat. Solidi (a) 137, K61–K63(1993).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

M. F. Joubert, B. Jacquier, C. Linares, and R. M. Macfarlane, “A spectroscopy study of BaY2F8:Nd3+,” J. Lumin. 47, 269–280(1991).
[CrossRef]

1985 (1)

S. P. Chernov, L. I. Devyatkova, O. N. Ivanova, A. A. Kaminskii, V. V. Mikhailin, S. N. Rudnev, and T. V. Uvarova, “5d14fN−1−4fN Absorption and luminescence of Ce3+, Pr3+, and Nd3+ ions in BaY2F8 single crystals,” Phys. Stat. Solidi (a) 88, K169–K173(1985).
[CrossRef]

1982 (1)

B. F. Aull and H. P. Jenssen, “Vibronic interactions in Nb:YAG resulting in nonreciprocity of absorption and stimulated emission cross sections,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 925–930(1982).
[CrossRef]

1965 (1)

W. L. Bond, “Measurement of the refractive indices of several crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 36, 1674–1677 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Agnesi,

Agnesi, F. Pirzio, G. Reali, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, and H. P. Jenssen, “Diode-pumped Nd:BaY2F8 picosecond laser,” Opt. Commun. 281, 6094–6096 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Agnesi, A.

E. Sani, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, A. Agnesi, A. Guandalini, and G. Reali, “Spectroscopic analysis and diode-pumped laser results of Nd:BaY2F8,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 971–978(2003).
[CrossRef]

Aull, B. F.

B. F. Aull and H. P. Jenssen, “Vibronic interactions in Nb:YAG resulting in nonreciprocity of absorption and stimulated emission cross sections,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 925–930(1982).
[CrossRef]

Bagayev, S. N.

A. A. Kaminskii, A. V. Butashin, J. Hulliger, Ph. Egger, S. N. Bagayev, H. J. Eichler, J. Findeisen, B. Liu, U. Tauber, P. Peuser, and S. N. Sulyanov, “New anisotropic rare earth fluorides BaR2F8 (R=Y,Dy-Lu) growth and characterization,” J. Alloys Compd. 275–277, 442–446 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Barnes, N. P.

N. P. Barnes, K. E. Murray, A. Cassanho, K. M. Dinndorf, and H. P. Jenssen, “Flashlamp Pumped Nd:BaY2F8,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers (Optical Society of America, 1993), Vol. 15, pp. 24–27.

Bond, W. L.

W. L. Bond, “Measurement of the refractive indices of several crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 36, 1674–1677 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Brice, J. C.

J. C. Brice, The Growth of Crystals from the Melt (North-Holland, 1965).

Butashin, A. V.

A. A. Kaminskii, A. V. Butashin, J. Hulliger, Ph. Egger, S. N. Bagayev, H. J. Eichler, J. Findeisen, B. Liu, U. Tauber, P. Peuser, and S. N. Sulyanov, “New anisotropic rare earth fluorides BaR2F8 (R=Y,Dy-Lu) growth and characterization,” J. Alloys Compd. 275–277, 442–446 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Cassanho, A.

H. P. Jenssen and A. Cassanho, “Fluoride laser crystals—old and new,” Proc. SPIE 6100, 61000W (2006).
[CrossRef]

N. P. Barnes, K. E. Murray, A. Cassanho, K. M. Dinndorf, and H. P. Jenssen, “Flashlamp Pumped Nd:BaY2F8,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers (Optical Society of America, 1993), Vol. 15, pp. 24–27.

Chernov, S. P.

S. P. Chernov, L. I. Devyatkova, O. N. Ivanova, A. A. Kaminskii, V. V. Mikhailin, S. N. Rudnev, and T. V. Uvarova, “5d14fN−1−4fN Absorption and luminescence of Ce3+, Pr3+, and Nd3+ ions in BaY2F8 single crystals,” Phys. Stat. Solidi (a) 88, K169–K173(1985).
[CrossRef]

Devyatkova, L. I.

S. P. Chernov, L. I. Devyatkova, O. N. Ivanova, A. A. Kaminskii, V. V. Mikhailin, S. N. Rudnev, and T. V. Uvarova, “5d14fN−1−4fN Absorption and luminescence of Ce3+, Pr3+, and Nd3+ ions in BaY2F8 single crystals,” Phys. Stat. Solidi (a) 88, K169–K173(1985).
[CrossRef]

Dinndorf, K. M.

N. P. Barnes, K. E. Murray, A. Cassanho, K. M. Dinndorf, and H. P. Jenssen, “Flashlamp Pumped Nd:BaY2F8,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers (Optical Society of America, 1993), Vol. 15, pp. 24–27.

K. M. Dinndorf, D. S. Knowles, M. Gojer, C. J. Taylor, and H. P. Jenssen, “Principal axes for transitions in monoclinic crystals,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers (Optical Society of America, 1992), Vol. 13, pp. 270–274.

Egger, Ph.

A. A. Kaminskii, A. V. Butashin, J. Hulliger, Ph. Egger, S. N. Bagayev, H. J. Eichler, J. Findeisen, B. Liu, U. Tauber, P. Peuser, and S. N. Sulyanov, “New anisotropic rare earth fluorides BaR2F8 (R=Y,Dy-Lu) growth and characterization,” J. Alloys Compd. 275–277, 442–446 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Eichler, H. J.

A. A. Kaminskii, A. V. Butashin, J. Hulliger, Ph. Egger, S. N. Bagayev, H. J. Eichler, J. Findeisen, B. Liu, U. Tauber, P. Peuser, and S. N. Sulyanov, “New anisotropic rare earth fluorides BaR2F8 (R=Y,Dy-Lu) growth and characterization,” J. Alloys Compd. 275–277, 442–446 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Findeisen, J.

A. A. Kaminskii, A. V. Butashin, J. Hulliger, Ph. Egger, S. N. Bagayev, H. J. Eichler, J. Findeisen, B. Liu, U. Tauber, P. Peuser, and S. N. Sulyanov, “New anisotropic rare earth fluorides BaR2F8 (R=Y,Dy-Lu) growth and characterization,” J. Alloys Compd. 275–277, 442–446 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Gojer, M.

K. M. Dinndorf, D. S. Knowles, M. Gojer, C. J. Taylor, and H. P. Jenssen, “Principal axes for transitions in monoclinic crystals,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers (Optical Society of America, 1992), Vol. 13, pp. 270–274.

Guandalini, A.

E. Sani, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, A. Agnesi, A. Guandalini, and G. Reali, “Spectroscopic analysis and diode-pumped laser results of Nd:BaY2F8,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 971–978(2003).
[CrossRef]

Hulliger, J.

A. A. Kaminskii, A. V. Butashin, J. Hulliger, Ph. Egger, S. N. Bagayev, H. J. Eichler, J. Findeisen, B. Liu, U. Tauber, P. Peuser, and S. N. Sulyanov, “New anisotropic rare earth fluorides BaR2F8 (R=Y,Dy-Lu) growth and characterization,” J. Alloys Compd. 275–277, 442–446 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ivanova, O. N.

S. P. Chernov, L. I. Devyatkova, O. N. Ivanova, A. A. Kaminskii, V. V. Mikhailin, S. N. Rudnev, and T. V. Uvarova, “5d14fN−1−4fN Absorption and luminescence of Ce3+, Pr3+, and Nd3+ ions in BaY2F8 single crystals,” Phys. Stat. Solidi (a) 88, K169–K173(1985).
[CrossRef]

Jacquier, B.

M. F. Joubert, B. Jacquier, C. Linares, and R. M. Macfarlane, “A spectroscopy study of BaY2F8:Nd3+,” J. Lumin. 47, 269–280(1991).
[CrossRef]

Jenssen, H. P.

Agnesi, F. Pirzio, G. Reali, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, and H. P. Jenssen, “Diode-pumped Nd:BaY2F8 picosecond laser,” Opt. Commun. 281, 6094–6096 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. P. Jenssen and A. Cassanho, “Fluoride laser crystals—old and new,” Proc. SPIE 6100, 61000W (2006).
[CrossRef]

B. F. Aull and H. P. Jenssen, “Vibronic interactions in Nb:YAG resulting in nonreciprocity of absorption and stimulated emission cross sections,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 925–930(1982).
[CrossRef]

K. M. Dinndorf, D. S. Knowles, M. Gojer, C. J. Taylor, and H. P. Jenssen, “Principal axes for transitions in monoclinic crystals,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers (Optical Society of America, 1992), Vol. 13, pp. 270–274.

N. P. Barnes, K. E. Murray, A. Cassanho, K. M. Dinndorf, and H. P. Jenssen, “Flashlamp Pumped Nd:BaY2F8,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers (Optical Society of America, 1993), Vol. 15, pp. 24–27.

Joubert, M. F.

M. F. Joubert, B. Jacquier, C. Linares, and R. M. Macfarlane, “A spectroscopy study of BaY2F8:Nd3+,” J. Lumin. 47, 269–280(1991).
[CrossRef]

Kaminskii, A. A.

A. A. Kaminskii, A. V. Butashin, J. Hulliger, Ph. Egger, S. N. Bagayev, H. J. Eichler, J. Findeisen, B. Liu, U. Tauber, P. Peuser, and S. N. Sulyanov, “New anisotropic rare earth fluorides BaR2F8 (R=Y,Dy-Lu) growth and characterization,” J. Alloys Compd. 275–277, 442–446 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Kaminskii, “New room-temperature diode-laser-pumped efficient quasi-CW and CW single-mode laser based on monoclinic BaY2F8:Nd3+ crystal,” Phys. Stat. Solidi (a) 137, K61–K63(1993).
[CrossRef]

S. P. Chernov, L. I. Devyatkova, O. N. Ivanova, A. A. Kaminskii, V. V. Mikhailin, S. N. Rudnev, and T. V. Uvarova, “5d14fN−1−4fN Absorption and luminescence of Ce3+, Pr3+, and Nd3+ ions in BaY2F8 single crystals,” Phys. Stat. Solidi (a) 88, K169–K173(1985).
[CrossRef]

Knowles, D. S.

K. M. Dinndorf, D. S. Knowles, M. Gojer, C. J. Taylor, and H. P. Jenssen, “Principal axes for transitions in monoclinic crystals,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers (Optical Society of America, 1992), Vol. 13, pp. 270–274.

Koechner, W.

W. Koechner, Solid State Laser Engineering (Springer, 1999).

Linares, C.

M. F. Joubert, B. Jacquier, C. Linares, and R. M. Macfarlane, “A spectroscopy study of BaY2F8:Nd3+,” J. Lumin. 47, 269–280(1991).
[CrossRef]

Liu, B.

A. A. Kaminskii, A. V. Butashin, J. Hulliger, Ph. Egger, S. N. Bagayev, H. J. Eichler, J. Findeisen, B. Liu, U. Tauber, P. Peuser, and S. N. Sulyanov, “New anisotropic rare earth fluorides BaR2F8 (R=Y,Dy-Lu) growth and characterization,” J. Alloys Compd. 275–277, 442–446 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Macfarlane, R. M.

M. F. Joubert, B. Jacquier, C. Linares, and R. M. Macfarlane, “A spectroscopy study of BaY2F8:Nd3+,” J. Lumin. 47, 269–280(1991).
[CrossRef]

Mikhailin, V. V.

S. P. Chernov, L. I. Devyatkova, O. N. Ivanova, A. A. Kaminskii, V. V. Mikhailin, S. N. Rudnev, and T. V. Uvarova, “5d14fN−1−4fN Absorption and luminescence of Ce3+, Pr3+, and Nd3+ ions in BaY2F8 single crystals,” Phys. Stat. Solidi (a) 88, K169–K173(1985).
[CrossRef]

Murray, K. E.

N. P. Barnes, K. E. Murray, A. Cassanho, K. M. Dinndorf, and H. P. Jenssen, “Flashlamp Pumped Nd:BaY2F8,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers (Optical Society of America, 1993), Vol. 15, pp. 24–27.

Peuser, P.

A. A. Kaminskii, A. V. Butashin, J. Hulliger, Ph. Egger, S. N. Bagayev, H. J. Eichler, J. Findeisen, B. Liu, U. Tauber, P. Peuser, and S. N. Sulyanov, “New anisotropic rare earth fluorides BaR2F8 (R=Y,Dy-Lu) growth and characterization,” J. Alloys Compd. 275–277, 442–446 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Pirzio, F.

Agnesi, F. Pirzio, G. Reali, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, and H. P. Jenssen, “Diode-pumped Nd:BaY2F8 picosecond laser,” Opt. Commun. 281, 6094–6096 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Reali, G.

Agnesi, F. Pirzio, G. Reali, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, and H. P. Jenssen, “Diode-pumped Nd:BaY2F8 picosecond laser,” Opt. Commun. 281, 6094–6096 (2008).
[CrossRef]

E. Sani, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, A. Agnesi, A. Guandalini, and G. Reali, “Spectroscopic analysis and diode-pumped laser results of Nd:BaY2F8,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 971–978(2003).
[CrossRef]

Rudnev, S. N.

S. P. Chernov, L. I. Devyatkova, O. N. Ivanova, A. A. Kaminskii, V. V. Mikhailin, S. N. Rudnev, and T. V. Uvarova, “5d14fN−1−4fN Absorption and luminescence of Ce3+, Pr3+, and Nd3+ ions in BaY2F8 single crystals,” Phys. Stat. Solidi (a) 88, K169–K173(1985).
[CrossRef]

Sani, E.

E. Sani, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, A. Agnesi, A. Guandalini, and G. Reali, “Spectroscopic analysis and diode-pumped laser results of Nd:BaY2F8,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 971–978(2003).
[CrossRef]

Sulyanov, S. N.

A. A. Kaminskii, A. V. Butashin, J. Hulliger, Ph. Egger, S. N. Bagayev, H. J. Eichler, J. Findeisen, B. Liu, U. Tauber, P. Peuser, and S. N. Sulyanov, “New anisotropic rare earth fluorides BaR2F8 (R=Y,Dy-Lu) growth and characterization,” J. Alloys Compd. 275–277, 442–446 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Tauber, U.

A. A. Kaminskii, A. V. Butashin, J. Hulliger, Ph. Egger, S. N. Bagayev, H. J. Eichler, J. Findeisen, B. Liu, U. Tauber, P. Peuser, and S. N. Sulyanov, “New anisotropic rare earth fluorides BaR2F8 (R=Y,Dy-Lu) growth and characterization,” J. Alloys Compd. 275–277, 442–446 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Taylor, C. J.

K. M. Dinndorf, D. S. Knowles, M. Gojer, C. J. Taylor, and H. P. Jenssen, “Principal axes for transitions in monoclinic crystals,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers (Optical Society of America, 1992), Vol. 13, pp. 270–274.

Toncelli, A.

Agnesi, F. Pirzio, G. Reali, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, and H. P. Jenssen, “Diode-pumped Nd:BaY2F8 picosecond laser,” Opt. Commun. 281, 6094–6096 (2008).
[CrossRef]

E. Sani, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, A. Agnesi, A. Guandalini, and G. Reali, “Spectroscopic analysis and diode-pumped laser results of Nd:BaY2F8,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 971–978(2003).
[CrossRef]

Tonelli, M.

Agnesi, F. Pirzio, G. Reali, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, and H. P. Jenssen, “Diode-pumped Nd:BaY2F8 picosecond laser,” Opt. Commun. 281, 6094–6096 (2008).
[CrossRef]

E. Sani, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, A. Agnesi, A. Guandalini, and G. Reali, “Spectroscopic analysis and diode-pumped laser results of Nd:BaY2F8,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 971–978(2003).
[CrossRef]

Trebes, J.

J. Trebes, M.Feit, S. Hatchett, M. Key, M. Perry, T. Phillips, J. Sefcik, R. Snavely, and M. Weber, “Fast gate: subnanosecond gated detectors for laser radiography,” Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Tech. Rep. UCRL-ID 137925 (February 2000).

Uvarova, T. V.

S. P. Chernov, L. I. Devyatkova, O. N. Ivanova, A. A. Kaminskii, V. V. Mikhailin, S. N. Rudnev, and T. V. Uvarova, “5d14fN−1−4fN Absorption and luminescence of Ce3+, Pr3+, and Nd3+ ions in BaY2F8 single crystals,” Phys. Stat. Solidi (a) 88, K169–K173(1985).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

E. Sani, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, A. Agnesi, A. Guandalini, and G. Reali, “Spectroscopic analysis and diode-pumped laser results of Nd:BaY2F8,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 971–978(2003).
[CrossRef]

B. F. Aull and H. P. Jenssen, “Vibronic interactions in Nb:YAG resulting in nonreciprocity of absorption and stimulated emission cross sections,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 925–930(1982).
[CrossRef]

J. Alloys Compd. (1)

A. A. Kaminskii, A. V. Butashin, J. Hulliger, Ph. Egger, S. N. Bagayev, H. J. Eichler, J. Findeisen, B. Liu, U. Tauber, P. Peuser, and S. N. Sulyanov, “New anisotropic rare earth fluorides BaR2F8 (R=Y,Dy-Lu) growth and characterization,” J. Alloys Compd. 275–277, 442–446 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

W. L. Bond, “Measurement of the refractive indices of several crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 36, 1674–1677 (1965).
[CrossRef]

J. Lumin. (1)

M. F. Joubert, B. Jacquier, C. Linares, and R. M. Macfarlane, “A spectroscopy study of BaY2F8:Nd3+,” J. Lumin. 47, 269–280(1991).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

Agnesi, F. Pirzio, G. Reali, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, and H. P. Jenssen, “Diode-pumped Nd:BaY2F8 picosecond laser,” Opt. Commun. 281, 6094–6096 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Stat. Solidi (a) (2)

A. A. Kaminskii, “New room-temperature diode-laser-pumped efficient quasi-CW and CW single-mode laser based on monoclinic BaY2F8:Nd3+ crystal,” Phys. Stat. Solidi (a) 137, K61–K63(1993).
[CrossRef]

S. P. Chernov, L. I. Devyatkova, O. N. Ivanova, A. A. Kaminskii, V. V. Mikhailin, S. N. Rudnev, and T. V. Uvarova, “5d14fN−1−4fN Absorption and luminescence of Ce3+, Pr3+, and Nd3+ ions in BaY2F8 single crystals,” Phys. Stat. Solidi (a) 88, K169–K173(1985).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE (1)

H. P. Jenssen and A. Cassanho, “Fluoride laser crystals—old and new,” Proc. SPIE 6100, 61000W (2006).
[CrossRef]

Other (5)

J. C. Brice, The Growth of Crystals from the Melt (North-Holland, 1965).

W. Koechner, Solid State Laser Engineering (Springer, 1999).

K. M. Dinndorf, D. S. Knowles, M. Gojer, C. J. Taylor, and H. P. Jenssen, “Principal axes for transitions in monoclinic crystals,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers (Optical Society of America, 1992), Vol. 13, pp. 270–274.

N. P. Barnes, K. E. Murray, A. Cassanho, K. M. Dinndorf, and H. P. Jenssen, “Flashlamp Pumped Nd:BaY2F8,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers (Optical Society of America, 1993), Vol. 15, pp. 24–27.

J. Trebes, M.Feit, S. Hatchett, M. Key, M. Perry, T. Phillips, J. Sefcik, R. Snavely, and M. Weber, “Fast gate: subnanosecond gated detectors for laser radiography,” Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Tech. Rep. UCRL-ID 137925 (February 2000).

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Absorption spectrum of Nd : BaY 2 F 8 (dashed curve) and Nd : BaYLuF 8 (solid curve) for E parallel to the X axis (bottom), the Y axis (middle), and the Z axis (top).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Emission cross section for the F 3 / 2 4 I 11 / 2 4 transition in Nd : BaY 2 F 8 (dashed curve) and Nd : BaYLuF 8 (solid curve); E parallel to the X axis (bottom panel), the Y axis (middle panel), and the Z axis (top panel).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Emission cross section for the F 3 / 2 4 I 9 / 2 4 transition in Nd : BaYLuF 8 . E is parallel to the X axis (dashed curve), the Y axis (solid curve), and the Z axis (dotted curve).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Emission cross section for the F 3 / 2 4 I 11 / 2 4 transition in Nd : BaYLuF 8 . E is parallel to the X axis (dashed curve), the Y axis (solid curve), and the Z axis (dotted curve).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Emission cross section for the F 3 / 2 4 I 13 / 2 4 transition in Nd : BaYLuF 8 . E is parallel to the X axis (dashed curve), the Y axis (solid curve), and the Z axis (dotted curve).

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Fluorescence spectrum for the F 3 / 2 4 I 11 / 2 4 transition in Nd : BaY 2 F 8 (dashed curve) and Nd : BaYLuF 8 (solid curve) at low and high temperature. E is parallel to the Z axis.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Stimulated emission cross section for the F 3 / 2 4 I 9 / 2 4 transition in Nd : BaYLuF 8 . E is parallel to the Z axis as obtained by Aull’s technique (full curve) and by reciprocity method (dashed curve). The absorption cross section (dotted curve) is also depicted.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Peak Stimulated Emission Cross Sections for Nd 3 + -Doped BaYLuF and BaYF

Equations (2)

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C = C 0 k * * ( 1 g ) ( k 1 ) .
σ i = 3 8 π · λ 5 n 2 · c · 1 τ rad · I i ( λ ) I K ( I x ( λ ) + I y ( λ ) + I z ( λ ) ) · λ · d λ ,

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