J. Andreasen, P. Sebbah, and C. Vanneste, “Coherent instabilities in random lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 023826 (2011).

[CrossRef]

J. Andreasen, A. Asatryan, L. Botten, M. Byrne, H. Cao, L. Ge, L. Labonté, P. Sebbah, A. D. Stone, H. E. Türeci, and C. Vanneste, “Modes of random lasers,” Adv. Opt. Photon. 3, 88–127 (2011).

[CrossRef]

J. Andreasen and H. Cao, “Spectral behavior of partially pumped weakly scattering random lasers,” Opt. Express 19, 3418–3433(2011).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Y. Li, X. Ma, M. Xu, L. Xiang, and D. Yang, “Remarkable decrease in threshold for electrically pumped random ultraviolet lasing from ZnO fim by incorporation of Zn2TiO4 nanoparticles,” Opt. Express 19, 8662–8669 (2011).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

R. Bardoux, A. Kaneta, M. Funato, K. Okamoto, Y. Kawakami, A. Kikuchi, and K. Kishino, “Single mode emission and non-stochastic laser system based on disordered point-sized structures: toward a tuneable random laser,” Opt. Express 19, 9262–9268 (2011).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

J. Andreasen, C. Vanneste, L. Ge, and H. Cao, “Effects of spatially nonuniform gain on lasing modes in weakly scattering random systems,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 043818 (2010).

[CrossRef]

J. Andreasen and H. Cao, “Numerical study of amplified spontaneous emission and lasing in random media,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 063835 (2010).

[CrossRef]

A. Tulek, R. C. Polson, and Z. V. Vardeny, “Naturally occurring resonators in random lasing of π-conjugated polymer films,” Nat. Phys. 6, 303–310 (2010).

[CrossRef]

O. Zaitsev and L. Deych, “Recent developments in the theory of multimode random lasers,” J. Opt. 12, 024001 (2010).

[CrossRef]

O. Zaitsev and L. Deych, “Diagrammatic semiclassical laser theory,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 023822 (2010).

[CrossRef]

H. E. Türeci, A. D. Stone, L. Ge, S. Rotter, and R. J. Tandy, “Ab initio self-consistent laser theory and random lasers,” Nonlinearity 22, C1–C18 (2009).

[CrossRef]

O. Zaitsev, L. Deych, and V. Shuvayev, “Statistical properties of one-dimensional random lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 043906(2009).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

C. Vanneste and P. Sebbah, “Complexity of two-dimensional quasimodes at the transition from weak scattering to Anderson localization,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 041802(R) (2009).

[CrossRef]

K. L. van der Molen, A. P. Mosk, and A. Lagendijk, “Relaxation oscillations in long-pulsed random lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 80, 055803 (2009).

[CrossRef]

J. Andreasen and H. Cao, “Creation of new lasing modes with spatially nonuniform gain,” Opt. Lett. 34, 3586–3588 (2009).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

L. Ge, R. J. Tandy, A. D. Stone, and H. E. Türeci, “Quantitative verification of ab initio self-consistent laser theory,” Opt. Express 16, 16895–16902 (2008).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

C. Conti, M. Leonetti, A. Fratalocchi, L. Angelani, and G. Ruocco, “Condensation in disordered lasers: Theory, 3d+1 simulations, and experiments,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 143901 (2008).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

H. E. Türeci, L. Ge, S. Rotter, and A. D. Stone, “Strong interactions in multimode random lasers,” Science 320, 643–646 (2008).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

C. Vanneste, P. Sebbah, and H. Cao, “Lasing with resonant feedback in weakly scattering random systems,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 143902 (2007).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

H. E. Türeci, A. D. Stone, and B. Collier, “Self-consistent multimode lasing theory for complex or random lasing media,” Phys. Rev. A 74, 043822 (2006).

[CrossRef]

X. Wu, W. Fang, A. Yamilov, A. A. Chabanov, A. A. Asatryan, L. C. Botten, and H. Cao, “Random lasing in weakly scattering systems,” Phys. Rev. A 74, 053812 (2006).

[CrossRef]

X. Jiang, S. Feng, C. M. Soukoulis, J. Zi, J. D. Joannopoulos, and H. Cao, “Coupling, competition, and stability of modes in random lasers,” Phys. Rev. B 69, 104202 (2004).

[CrossRef]

E. Y. Morozov and A. S. Chirkin, “Stochastic quasi-phase matching in nonlinear-optical crystals with an irregular domain structure,” Quantum Electron. 34, 227–232 (2004).

[CrossRef]

V. A. Mel’nikov, L. A. Golovan, S. O. Konorov, D. A. Muzychenko, A. B. Fedotov, A. M. Zheltikov, V. Y. Timoshenko, and P. K. Kashkarov, “Second-harmonic generation in strongly scattering porous gallium phosphide,” Appl. Phys. B 79, 225–228 (2004).

[CrossRef]

M. Baudrier-Raybaut, R. Haïdar, P. Kupecek, P. Lemasson, and E. Rosencher, “Random quasi-phase-matching in bulk polycrystalline isotropic nonlinear materials,” Nature 432, 374–376 (2004).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

S. E. Skipetrov, “Disorder is the new order,” Nature 432, 285–286 (2004).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

S. Mujumdar, M. Ricci, R. Torre, and D. S. Wiersma, “Amplified extended modes in random lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 053903(2004).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. A. Noginov, G. Zhu, A. A. Frantz, J. Novak, S. N. Williams, and I. Fowlkes, “Dependence of NdSc3(BO3)4 random laser parameters on particle size,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21, 191–200 (2004) and references cited therein.

[CrossRef]

H. Cao, X. Jiang, Y. Ling, J. Y. Xu, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Mode repulsion and mode coupling in random lasers,” Phys. Rev. B 67, 161101(R) (2003).

[CrossRef]

B. Liu, A. Yamilov, Y. Ling, J. Y. Xu, and H. Cao, “Dynamic nonlinear effect on lasing in a random medium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 063903 (2003). The surprising drift of mode 1 across the maximum of the gain curve, toward mode 2 [Fig. ], is attributed to the nonlinear Kerr effect.

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

H. Cao, “Lasing in random media,” Waves Random Media 13, R1–R39 (2003) and references therein.

[CrossRef]

P. Sebbah and C. Vanneste, “Random laser in the localized regime,” Phys. Rev. B 66, 144202 (2002).

[CrossRef]

R. C. Polson, M. E. Raikh, and Z. V. Vardeny, “Universality in unintentional laser resonators in π-conjugated polymer films,” C. R. Acad. Sci. Ser. IV A, 509–521 (2002).

V. M. Apalkov, M. E. Raikh, and B. Shapiro, “Random resonators and prelocalized modes in disordered dielectric films,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 016802 (2002).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

C. M. Soukoulis, X. Jiang, J. Y. Xu, and H. Cao, “Dynamic response and relaxation oscillations in random lasers,” Phys. Rev. B 65, 041103(R) (2002).

[CrossRef]

C. Vanneste and P. Sebbah, “Selective excitation of localized modes in active random media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 183903(2001).

[CrossRef]

S. M. Dutra and G. Nienhuis, “Quantized modes of a leaky cavity,” Phys. Rev. B 62, 063805 (2000).

H. Cao, J. Y. Xu, S.-H. Chang, and S. T. Ho, “Transition from amplified spontaneous emission to laser action in strongly scattering media,” Phys. Rev. E 61, 1985–1989 (2000).

[CrossRef]

X. Jiang and C. M. Soukoulis, “Time dependent theory for random lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 70–73 (2000).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

A. S. Nagra and R. A. York, “FDTD analysis of wave propagation in nonlinear absorbing and gain media,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 46, 334–340 (1998).

[CrossRef]

S. John and G. Pang, “Theory of lasing in a multiple-scattering medium,” Phys. Rev. A 54, 3642–3652 (1996).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

D. S. Wiersma and A. Lagendijk, “Light diffusion with gain and random lasers,” Phys. Rev. E 54, 4256–4265 (1996).

[CrossRef]

C. F. Dewey Jr. and L. O. Hocker, “Enhanced nonlinear optical effects in rotationally twinned crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 26, 442–444 (1975).

[CrossRef]

V. S. Letokhov, “Generation of light by a scattering medium with negative resonance absorption,” Sov. Phys. JETP 26, 835–840(1968).

R. C. Miller, “Optical harmonic generation in single crystal BaTiO3,” Phys. Rev. 134, A1313–A1319 (1964).

[CrossRef]

J. Andreasen and H. Cao, “Spectral behavior of partially pumped weakly scattering random lasers,” Opt. Express 19, 3418–3433(2011).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

J. Andreasen, P. Sebbah, and C. Vanneste, “Coherent instabilities in random lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 023826 (2011).

[CrossRef]

J. Andreasen, A. Asatryan, L. Botten, M. Byrne, H. Cao, L. Ge, L. Labonté, P. Sebbah, A. D. Stone, H. E. Türeci, and C. Vanneste, “Modes of random lasers,” Adv. Opt. Photon. 3, 88–127 (2011).

[CrossRef]

J. Andreasen, C. Vanneste, L. Ge, and H. Cao, “Effects of spatially nonuniform gain on lasing modes in weakly scattering random systems,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 043818 (2010).

[CrossRef]

J. Andreasen and H. Cao, “Numerical study of amplified spontaneous emission and lasing in random media,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 063835 (2010).

[CrossRef]

J. Andreasen and H. Cao, “Creation of new lasing modes with spatially nonuniform gain,” Opt. Lett. 34, 3586–3588 (2009).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

C. Conti, M. Leonetti, A. Fratalocchi, L. Angelani, and G. Ruocco, “Condensation in disordered lasers: Theory, 3d+1 simulations, and experiments,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 143901 (2008).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

V. M. Apalkov, M. E. Raikh, and B. Shapiro, “Random resonators and prelocalized modes in disordered dielectric films,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 016802 (2002).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

J. Andreasen, A. Asatryan, L. Botten, M. Byrne, H. Cao, L. Ge, L. Labonté, P. Sebbah, A. D. Stone, H. E. Türeci, and C. Vanneste, “Modes of random lasers,” Adv. Opt. Photon. 3, 88–127 (2011).

[CrossRef]

X. Wu, W. Fang, A. Yamilov, A. A. Chabanov, A. A. Asatryan, L. C. Botten, and H. Cao, “Random lasing in weakly scattering systems,” Phys. Rev. A 74, 053812 (2006).

[CrossRef]

M. Baudrier-Raybaut, R. Haïdar, P. Kupecek, P. Lemasson, and E. Rosencher, “Random quasi-phase-matching in bulk polycrystalline isotropic nonlinear materials,” Nature 432, 374–376 (2004).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

J. Andreasen, A. Asatryan, L. Botten, M. Byrne, H. Cao, L. Ge, L. Labonté, P. Sebbah, A. D. Stone, H. E. Türeci, and C. Vanneste, “Modes of random lasers,” Adv. Opt. Photon. 3, 88–127 (2011).

[CrossRef]

X. Wu, W. Fang, A. Yamilov, A. A. Chabanov, A. A. Asatryan, L. C. Botten, and H. Cao, “Random lasing in weakly scattering systems,” Phys. Rev. A 74, 053812 (2006).

[CrossRef]

J. Andreasen, A. Asatryan, L. Botten, M. Byrne, H. Cao, L. Ge, L. Labonté, P. Sebbah, A. D. Stone, H. E. Türeci, and C. Vanneste, “Modes of random lasers,” Adv. Opt. Photon. 3, 88–127 (2011).

[CrossRef]

J. Andreasen, A. Asatryan, L. Botten, M. Byrne, H. Cao, L. Ge, L. Labonté, P. Sebbah, A. D. Stone, H. E. Türeci, and C. Vanneste, “Modes of random lasers,” Adv. Opt. Photon. 3, 88–127 (2011).

[CrossRef]

J. Andreasen and H. Cao, “Spectral behavior of partially pumped weakly scattering random lasers,” Opt. Express 19, 3418–3433(2011).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

J. Andreasen, C. Vanneste, L. Ge, and H. Cao, “Effects of spatially nonuniform gain on lasing modes in weakly scattering random systems,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 043818 (2010).

[CrossRef]

J. Andreasen and H. Cao, “Numerical study of amplified spontaneous emission and lasing in random media,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 063835 (2010).

[CrossRef]

J. Andreasen and H. Cao, “Creation of new lasing modes with spatially nonuniform gain,” Opt. Lett. 34, 3586–3588 (2009).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

C. Vanneste, P. Sebbah, and H. Cao, “Lasing with resonant feedback in weakly scattering random systems,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 143902 (2007).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

X. Wu, W. Fang, A. Yamilov, A. A. Chabanov, A. A. Asatryan, L. C. Botten, and H. Cao, “Random lasing in weakly scattering systems,” Phys. Rev. A 74, 053812 (2006).

[CrossRef]

X. Jiang, S. Feng, C. M. Soukoulis, J. Zi, J. D. Joannopoulos, and H. Cao, “Coupling, competition, and stability of modes in random lasers,” Phys. Rev. B 69, 104202 (2004).

[CrossRef]

B. Liu, A. Yamilov, Y. Ling, J. Y. Xu, and H. Cao, “Dynamic nonlinear effect on lasing in a random medium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 063903 (2003). The surprising drift of mode 1 across the maximum of the gain curve, toward mode 2 [Fig. ], is attributed to the nonlinear Kerr effect.

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

H. Cao, “Lasing in random media,” Waves Random Media 13, R1–R39 (2003) and references therein.

[CrossRef]

H. Cao, X. Jiang, Y. Ling, J. Y. Xu, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Mode repulsion and mode coupling in random lasers,” Phys. Rev. B 67, 161101(R) (2003).

[CrossRef]

C. M. Soukoulis, X. Jiang, J. Y. Xu, and H. Cao, “Dynamic response and relaxation oscillations in random lasers,” Phys. Rev. B 65, 041103(R) (2002).

[CrossRef]

H. Cao, J. Y. Xu, S.-H. Chang, and S. T. Ho, “Transition from amplified spontaneous emission to laser action in strongly scattering media,” Phys. Rev. E 61, 1985–1989 (2000).

[CrossRef]

X. Wu, W. Fang, A. Yamilov, A. A. Chabanov, A. A. Asatryan, L. C. Botten, and H. Cao, “Random lasing in weakly scattering systems,” Phys. Rev. A 74, 053812 (2006).

[CrossRef]

H. Cao, J. Y. Xu, S.-H. Chang, and S. T. Ho, “Transition from amplified spontaneous emission to laser action in strongly scattering media,” Phys. Rev. E 61, 1985–1989 (2000).

[CrossRef]

E. Y. Morozov and A. S. Chirkin, “Stochastic quasi-phase matching in nonlinear-optical crystals with an irregular domain structure,” Quantum Electron. 34, 227–232 (2004).

[CrossRef]

H. E. Türeci, A. D. Stone, and B. Collier, “Self-consistent multimode lasing theory for complex or random lasing media,” Phys. Rev. A 74, 043822 (2006).

[CrossRef]

C. Conti, M. Leonetti, A. Fratalocchi, L. Angelani, and G. Ruocco, “Condensation in disordered lasers: Theory, 3d+1 simulations, and experiments,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 143901 (2008).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

E. Roldán, G. J. de Valcárcel, F. Prati, F. Mitschke, and T. Voigt, “Multilongitudinal mode emission in ring cavity class B lasers,” in “Trends in Spatiotemporal Dynamics in Lasers. Instabilities, Polarization Dynamics, and Spatial Structures,” O.Gomez-Calderon and J.M.Guerra, eds. (Research Signpost, 2005), pp. 1–80.

C. F. Dewey Jr. and L. O. Hocker, “Enhanced nonlinear optical effects in rotationally twinned crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 26, 442–444 (1975).

[CrossRef]

O. Zaitsev and L. Deych, “Diagrammatic semiclassical laser theory,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 023822 (2010).

[CrossRef]

O. Zaitsev and L. Deych, “Recent developments in the theory of multimode random lasers,” J. Opt. 12, 024001 (2010).

[CrossRef]

O. Zaitsev, L. Deych, and V. Shuvayev, “Statistical properties of one-dimensional random lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 043906(2009).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

S. M. Dutra and G. Nienhuis, “Quantized modes of a leaky cavity,” Phys. Rev. B 62, 063805 (2000).

X. Wu, W. Fang, A. Yamilov, A. A. Chabanov, A. A. Asatryan, L. C. Botten, and H. Cao, “Random lasing in weakly scattering systems,” Phys. Rev. A 74, 053812 (2006).

[CrossRef]

V. A. Mel’nikov, L. A. Golovan, S. O. Konorov, D. A. Muzychenko, A. B. Fedotov, A. M. Zheltikov, V. Y. Timoshenko, and P. K. Kashkarov, “Second-harmonic generation in strongly scattering porous gallium phosphide,” Appl. Phys. B 79, 225–228 (2004).

[CrossRef]

X. Jiang, S. Feng, C. M. Soukoulis, J. Zi, J. D. Joannopoulos, and H. Cao, “Coupling, competition, and stability of modes in random lasers,” Phys. Rev. B 69, 104202 (2004).

[CrossRef]

C. Conti, M. Leonetti, A. Fratalocchi, L. Angelani, and G. Ruocco, “Condensation in disordered lasers: Theory, 3d+1 simulations, and experiments,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 143901 (2008).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

J. Andreasen, A. Asatryan, L. Botten, M. Byrne, H. Cao, L. Ge, L. Labonté, P. Sebbah, A. D. Stone, H. E. Türeci, and C. Vanneste, “Modes of random lasers,” Adv. Opt. Photon. 3, 88–127 (2011).

[CrossRef]

J. Andreasen, C. Vanneste, L. Ge, and H. Cao, “Effects of spatially nonuniform gain on lasing modes in weakly scattering random systems,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 043818 (2010).

[CrossRef]

H. E. Türeci, A. D. Stone, L. Ge, S. Rotter, and R. J. Tandy, “Ab initio self-consistent laser theory and random lasers,” Nonlinearity 22, C1–C18 (2009).

[CrossRef]

L. Ge, R. J. Tandy, A. D. Stone, and H. E. Türeci, “Quantitative verification of ab initio self-consistent laser theory,” Opt. Express 16, 16895–16902 (2008).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

H. E. Türeci, L. Ge, S. Rotter, and A. D. Stone, “Strong interactions in multimode random lasers,” Science 320, 643–646 (2008).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

V. A. Mel’nikov, L. A. Golovan, S. O. Konorov, D. A. Muzychenko, A. B. Fedotov, A. M. Zheltikov, V. Y. Timoshenko, and P. K. Kashkarov, “Second-harmonic generation in strongly scattering porous gallium phosphide,” Appl. Phys. B 79, 225–228 (2004).

[CrossRef]

A. Taflove and S. Hagness, Computational Electrodynamics (Artech House, 2005), 3rd ed.

M. Baudrier-Raybaut, R. Haïdar, P. Kupecek, P. Lemasson, and E. Rosencher, “Random quasi-phase-matching in bulk polycrystalline isotropic nonlinear materials,” Nature 432, 374–376 (2004).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

H. Cao, J. Y. Xu, S.-H. Chang, and S. T. Ho, “Transition from amplified spontaneous emission to laser action in strongly scattering media,” Phys. Rev. E 61, 1985–1989 (2000).

[CrossRef]

C. F. Dewey Jr. and L. O. Hocker, “Enhanced nonlinear optical effects in rotationally twinned crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 26, 442–444 (1975).

[CrossRef]

X. Jiang, S. Feng, C. M. Soukoulis, J. Zi, J. D. Joannopoulos, and H. Cao, “Coupling, competition, and stability of modes in random lasers,” Phys. Rev. B 69, 104202 (2004).

[CrossRef]

H. Cao, X. Jiang, Y. Ling, J. Y. Xu, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Mode repulsion and mode coupling in random lasers,” Phys. Rev. B 67, 161101(R) (2003).

[CrossRef]

C. M. Soukoulis, X. Jiang, J. Y. Xu, and H. Cao, “Dynamic response and relaxation oscillations in random lasers,” Phys. Rev. B 65, 041103(R) (2002).

[CrossRef]

X. Jiang and C. M. Soukoulis, “Time dependent theory for random lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 70–73 (2000).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

X. Jiang, S. Feng, C. M. Soukoulis, J. Zi, J. D. Joannopoulos, and H. Cao, “Coupling, competition, and stability of modes in random lasers,” Phys. Rev. B 69, 104202 (2004).

[CrossRef]

S. John and G. Pang, “Theory of lasing in a multiple-scattering medium,” Phys. Rev. A 54, 3642–3652 (1996).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

V. A. Mel’nikov, L. A. Golovan, S. O. Konorov, D. A. Muzychenko, A. B. Fedotov, A. M. Zheltikov, V. Y. Timoshenko, and P. K. Kashkarov, “Second-harmonic generation in strongly scattering porous gallium phosphide,” Appl. Phys. B 79, 225–228 (2004).

[CrossRef]

V. A. Mel’nikov, L. A. Golovan, S. O. Konorov, D. A. Muzychenko, A. B. Fedotov, A. M. Zheltikov, V. Y. Timoshenko, and P. K. Kashkarov, “Second-harmonic generation in strongly scattering porous gallium phosphide,” Appl. Phys. B 79, 225–228 (2004).

[CrossRef]

M. Baudrier-Raybaut, R. Haïdar, P. Kupecek, P. Lemasson, and E. Rosencher, “Random quasi-phase-matching in bulk polycrystalline isotropic nonlinear materials,” Nature 432, 374–376 (2004).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

J. Andreasen, A. Asatryan, L. Botten, M. Byrne, H. Cao, L. Ge, L. Labonté, P. Sebbah, A. D. Stone, H. E. Türeci, and C. Vanneste, “Modes of random lasers,” Adv. Opt. Photon. 3, 88–127 (2011).

[CrossRef]

K. L. van der Molen, A. P. Mosk, and A. Lagendijk, “Relaxation oscillations in long-pulsed random lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 80, 055803 (2009).

[CrossRef]

D. S. Wiersma and A. Lagendijk, “Light diffusion with gain and random lasers,” Phys. Rev. E 54, 4256–4265 (1996).

[CrossRef]

M. Baudrier-Raybaut, R. Haïdar, P. Kupecek, P. Lemasson, and E. Rosencher, “Random quasi-phase-matching in bulk polycrystalline isotropic nonlinear materials,” Nature 432, 374–376 (2004).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

C. Conti, M. Leonetti, A. Fratalocchi, L. Angelani, and G. Ruocco, “Condensation in disordered lasers: Theory, 3d+1 simulations, and experiments,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 143901 (2008).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

V. S. Letokhov, “Generation of light by a scattering medium with negative resonance absorption,” Sov. Phys. JETP 26, 835–840(1968).

B. Liu, A. Yamilov, Y. Ling, J. Y. Xu, and H. Cao, “Dynamic nonlinear effect on lasing in a random medium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 063903 (2003). The surprising drift of mode 1 across the maximum of the gain curve, toward mode 2 [Fig. ], is attributed to the nonlinear Kerr effect.

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

H. Cao, X. Jiang, Y. Ling, J. Y. Xu, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Mode repulsion and mode coupling in random lasers,” Phys. Rev. B 67, 161101(R) (2003).

[CrossRef]

B. Liu, A. Yamilov, Y. Ling, J. Y. Xu, and H. Cao, “Dynamic nonlinear effect on lasing in a random medium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 063903 (2003). The surprising drift of mode 1 across the maximum of the gain curve, toward mode 2 [Fig. ], is attributed to the nonlinear Kerr effect.

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

V. A. Mel’nikov, L. A. Golovan, S. O. Konorov, D. A. Muzychenko, A. B. Fedotov, A. M. Zheltikov, V. Y. Timoshenko, and P. K. Kashkarov, “Second-harmonic generation in strongly scattering porous gallium phosphide,” Appl. Phys. B 79, 225–228 (2004).

[CrossRef]

R. C. Miller, “Optical harmonic generation in single crystal BaTiO3,” Phys. Rev. 134, A1313–A1319 (1964).

[CrossRef]

E. Roldán, G. J. de Valcárcel, F. Prati, F. Mitschke, and T. Voigt, “Multilongitudinal mode emission in ring cavity class B lasers,” in “Trends in Spatiotemporal Dynamics in Lasers. Instabilities, Polarization Dynamics, and Spatial Structures,” O.Gomez-Calderon and J.M.Guerra, eds. (Research Signpost, 2005), pp. 1–80.

E. Y. Morozov and A. S. Chirkin, “Stochastic quasi-phase matching in nonlinear-optical crystals with an irregular domain structure,” Quantum Electron. 34, 227–232 (2004).

[CrossRef]

K. L. van der Molen, A. P. Mosk, and A. Lagendijk, “Relaxation oscillations in long-pulsed random lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 80, 055803 (2009).

[CrossRef]

S. Mujumdar, M. Ricci, R. Torre, and D. S. Wiersma, “Amplified extended modes in random lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 053903(2004).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

V. A. Mel’nikov, L. A. Golovan, S. O. Konorov, D. A. Muzychenko, A. B. Fedotov, A. M. Zheltikov, V. Y. Timoshenko, and P. K. Kashkarov, “Second-harmonic generation in strongly scattering porous gallium phosphide,” Appl. Phys. B 79, 225–228 (2004).

[CrossRef]

A. S. Nagra and R. A. York, “FDTD analysis of wave propagation in nonlinear absorbing and gain media,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 46, 334–340 (1998).

[CrossRef]

S. M. Dutra and G. Nienhuis, “Quantized modes of a leaky cavity,” Phys. Rev. B 62, 063805 (2000).

S. John and G. Pang, “Theory of lasing in a multiple-scattering medium,” Phys. Rev. A 54, 3642–3652 (1996).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

A. Tulek, R. C. Polson, and Z. V. Vardeny, “Naturally occurring resonators in random lasing of π-conjugated polymer films,” Nat. Phys. 6, 303–310 (2010).

[CrossRef]

R. C. Polson, M. E. Raikh, and Z. V. Vardeny, “Universality in unintentional laser resonators in π-conjugated polymer films,” C. R. Acad. Sci. Ser. IV A, 509–521 (2002).

E. Roldán, G. J. de Valcárcel, F. Prati, F. Mitschke, and T. Voigt, “Multilongitudinal mode emission in ring cavity class B lasers,” in “Trends in Spatiotemporal Dynamics in Lasers. Instabilities, Polarization Dynamics, and Spatial Structures,” O.Gomez-Calderon and J.M.Guerra, eds. (Research Signpost, 2005), pp. 1–80.

R. C. Polson, M. E. Raikh, and Z. V. Vardeny, “Universality in unintentional laser resonators in π-conjugated polymer films,” C. R. Acad. Sci. Ser. IV A, 509–521 (2002).

V. M. Apalkov, M. E. Raikh, and B. Shapiro, “Random resonators and prelocalized modes in disordered dielectric films,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 016802 (2002).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

S. Mujumdar, M. Ricci, R. Torre, and D. S. Wiersma, “Amplified extended modes in random lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 053903(2004).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

E. Roldán, G. J. de Valcárcel, F. Prati, F. Mitschke, and T. Voigt, “Multilongitudinal mode emission in ring cavity class B lasers,” in “Trends in Spatiotemporal Dynamics in Lasers. Instabilities, Polarization Dynamics, and Spatial Structures,” O.Gomez-Calderon and J.M.Guerra, eds. (Research Signpost, 2005), pp. 1–80.

M. Baudrier-Raybaut, R. Haïdar, P. Kupecek, P. Lemasson, and E. Rosencher, “Random quasi-phase-matching in bulk polycrystalline isotropic nonlinear materials,” Nature 432, 374–376 (2004).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

H. E. Türeci, A. D. Stone, L. Ge, S. Rotter, and R. J. Tandy, “Ab initio self-consistent laser theory and random lasers,” Nonlinearity 22, C1–C18 (2009).

[CrossRef]

H. E. Türeci, L. Ge, S. Rotter, and A. D. Stone, “Strong interactions in multimode random lasers,” Science 320, 643–646 (2008).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

C. Conti, M. Leonetti, A. Fratalocchi, L. Angelani, and G. Ruocco, “Condensation in disordered lasers: Theory, 3d+1 simulations, and experiments,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 143901 (2008).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

J. Andreasen, A. Asatryan, L. Botten, M. Byrne, H. Cao, L. Ge, L. Labonté, P. Sebbah, A. D. Stone, H. E. Türeci, and C. Vanneste, “Modes of random lasers,” Adv. Opt. Photon. 3, 88–127 (2011).

[CrossRef]

J. Andreasen, P. Sebbah, and C. Vanneste, “Coherent instabilities in random lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 023826 (2011).

[CrossRef]

C. Vanneste and P. Sebbah, “Complexity of two-dimensional quasimodes at the transition from weak scattering to Anderson localization,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 041802(R) (2009).

[CrossRef]

C. Vanneste, P. Sebbah, and H. Cao, “Lasing with resonant feedback in weakly scattering random systems,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 143902 (2007).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

P. Sebbah and C. Vanneste, “Random laser in the localized regime,” Phys. Rev. B 66, 144202 (2002).

[CrossRef]

C. Vanneste and P. Sebbah, “Selective excitation of localized modes in active random media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 183903(2001).

[CrossRef]

V. M. Apalkov, M. E. Raikh, and B. Shapiro, “Random resonators and prelocalized modes in disordered dielectric films,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 016802 (2002).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

O. Zaitsev, L. Deych, and V. Shuvayev, “Statistical properties of one-dimensional random lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 043906(2009).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

A. E. Siegman, Lasers (University Science Books, 1986).

S. E. Skipetrov, “Disorder is the new order,” Nature 432, 285–286 (2004).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

X. Jiang, S. Feng, C. M. Soukoulis, J. Zi, J. D. Joannopoulos, and H. Cao, “Coupling, competition, and stability of modes in random lasers,” Phys. Rev. B 69, 104202 (2004).

[CrossRef]

H. Cao, X. Jiang, Y. Ling, J. Y. Xu, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Mode repulsion and mode coupling in random lasers,” Phys. Rev. B 67, 161101(R) (2003).

[CrossRef]

C. M. Soukoulis, X. Jiang, J. Y. Xu, and H. Cao, “Dynamic response and relaxation oscillations in random lasers,” Phys. Rev. B 65, 041103(R) (2002).

[CrossRef]

X. Jiang and C. M. Soukoulis, “Time dependent theory for random lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 70–73 (2000).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

J. Andreasen, A. Asatryan, L. Botten, M. Byrne, H. Cao, L. Ge, L. Labonté, P. Sebbah, A. D. Stone, H. E. Türeci, and C. Vanneste, “Modes of random lasers,” Adv. Opt. Photon. 3, 88–127 (2011).

[CrossRef]

H. E. Türeci, A. D. Stone, L. Ge, S. Rotter, and R. J. Tandy, “Ab initio self-consistent laser theory and random lasers,” Nonlinearity 22, C1–C18 (2009).

[CrossRef]

L. Ge, R. J. Tandy, A. D. Stone, and H. E. Türeci, “Quantitative verification of ab initio self-consistent laser theory,” Opt. Express 16, 16895–16902 (2008).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

H. E. Türeci, L. Ge, S. Rotter, and A. D. Stone, “Strong interactions in multimode random lasers,” Science 320, 643–646 (2008).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

H. E. Türeci, A. D. Stone, and B. Collier, “Self-consistent multimode lasing theory for complex or random lasing media,” Phys. Rev. A 74, 043822 (2006).

[CrossRef]

A. Taflove and S. Hagness, Computational Electrodynamics (Artech House, 2005), 3rd ed.

H. E. Türeci, A. D. Stone, L. Ge, S. Rotter, and R. J. Tandy, “Ab initio self-consistent laser theory and random lasers,” Nonlinearity 22, C1–C18 (2009).

[CrossRef]

L. Ge, R. J. Tandy, A. D. Stone, and H. E. Türeci, “Quantitative verification of ab initio self-consistent laser theory,” Opt. Express 16, 16895–16902 (2008).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

V. A. Mel’nikov, L. A. Golovan, S. O. Konorov, D. A. Muzychenko, A. B. Fedotov, A. M. Zheltikov, V. Y. Timoshenko, and P. K. Kashkarov, “Second-harmonic generation in strongly scattering porous gallium phosphide,” Appl. Phys. B 79, 225–228 (2004).

[CrossRef]

S. Mujumdar, M. Ricci, R. Torre, and D. S. Wiersma, “Amplified extended modes in random lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 053903(2004).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

A. Tulek, R. C. Polson, and Z. V. Vardeny, “Naturally occurring resonators in random lasing of π-conjugated polymer films,” Nat. Phys. 6, 303–310 (2010).

[CrossRef]

J. Andreasen, A. Asatryan, L. Botten, M. Byrne, H. Cao, L. Ge, L. Labonté, P. Sebbah, A. D. Stone, H. E. Türeci, and C. Vanneste, “Modes of random lasers,” Adv. Opt. Photon. 3, 88–127 (2011).

[CrossRef]

H. E. Türeci, A. D. Stone, L. Ge, S. Rotter, and R. J. Tandy, “Ab initio self-consistent laser theory and random lasers,” Nonlinearity 22, C1–C18 (2009).

[CrossRef]

L. Ge, R. J. Tandy, A. D. Stone, and H. E. Türeci, “Quantitative verification of ab initio self-consistent laser theory,” Opt. Express 16, 16895–16902 (2008).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

H. E. Türeci, L. Ge, S. Rotter, and A. D. Stone, “Strong interactions in multimode random lasers,” Science 320, 643–646 (2008).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

H. E. Türeci, A. D. Stone, and B. Collier, “Self-consistent multimode lasing theory for complex or random lasing media,” Phys. Rev. A 74, 043822 (2006).

[CrossRef]

K. L. van der Molen, A. P. Mosk, and A. Lagendijk, “Relaxation oscillations in long-pulsed random lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 80, 055803 (2009).

[CrossRef]

J. Andreasen, P. Sebbah, and C. Vanneste, “Coherent instabilities in random lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 023826 (2011).

[CrossRef]

J. Andreasen, A. Asatryan, L. Botten, M. Byrne, H. Cao, L. Ge, L. Labonté, P. Sebbah, A. D. Stone, H. E. Türeci, and C. Vanneste, “Modes of random lasers,” Adv. Opt. Photon. 3, 88–127 (2011).

[CrossRef]

J. Andreasen, C. Vanneste, L. Ge, and H. Cao, “Effects of spatially nonuniform gain on lasing modes in weakly scattering random systems,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 043818 (2010).

[CrossRef]

C. Vanneste and P. Sebbah, “Complexity of two-dimensional quasimodes at the transition from weak scattering to Anderson localization,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 041802(R) (2009).

[CrossRef]

C. Vanneste, P. Sebbah, and H. Cao, “Lasing with resonant feedback in weakly scattering random systems,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 143902 (2007).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

P. Sebbah and C. Vanneste, “Random laser in the localized regime,” Phys. Rev. B 66, 144202 (2002).

[CrossRef]

C. Vanneste and P. Sebbah, “Selective excitation of localized modes in active random media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 183903(2001).

[CrossRef]

A. Tulek, R. C. Polson, and Z. V. Vardeny, “Naturally occurring resonators in random lasing of π-conjugated polymer films,” Nat. Phys. 6, 303–310 (2010).

[CrossRef]

R. C. Polson, M. E. Raikh, and Z. V. Vardeny, “Universality in unintentional laser resonators in π-conjugated polymer films,” C. R. Acad. Sci. Ser. IV A, 509–521 (2002).

E. Roldán, G. J. de Valcárcel, F. Prati, F. Mitschke, and T. Voigt, “Multilongitudinal mode emission in ring cavity class B lasers,” in “Trends in Spatiotemporal Dynamics in Lasers. Instabilities, Polarization Dynamics, and Spatial Structures,” O.Gomez-Calderon and J.M.Guerra, eds. (Research Signpost, 2005), pp. 1–80.

S. Mujumdar, M. Ricci, R. Torre, and D. S. Wiersma, “Amplified extended modes in random lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 053903(2004).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

D. S. Wiersma and A. Lagendijk, “Light diffusion with gain and random lasers,” Phys. Rev. E 54, 4256–4265 (1996).

[CrossRef]

X. Wu, W. Fang, A. Yamilov, A. A. Chabanov, A. A. Asatryan, L. C. Botten, and H. Cao, “Random lasing in weakly scattering systems,” Phys. Rev. A 74, 053812 (2006).

[CrossRef]

B. Liu, A. Yamilov, Y. Ling, J. Y. Xu, and H. Cao, “Dynamic nonlinear effect on lasing in a random medium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 063903 (2003). The surprising drift of mode 1 across the maximum of the gain curve, toward mode 2 [Fig. ], is attributed to the nonlinear Kerr effect.

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

H. Cao, X. Jiang, Y. Ling, J. Y. Xu, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Mode repulsion and mode coupling in random lasers,” Phys. Rev. B 67, 161101(R) (2003).

[CrossRef]

C. M. Soukoulis, X. Jiang, J. Y. Xu, and H. Cao, “Dynamic response and relaxation oscillations in random lasers,” Phys. Rev. B 65, 041103(R) (2002).

[CrossRef]

H. Cao, J. Y. Xu, S.-H. Chang, and S. T. Ho, “Transition from amplified spontaneous emission to laser action in strongly scattering media,” Phys. Rev. E 61, 1985–1989 (2000).

[CrossRef]

X. Wu, W. Fang, A. Yamilov, A. A. Chabanov, A. A. Asatryan, L. C. Botten, and H. Cao, “Random lasing in weakly scattering systems,” Phys. Rev. A 74, 053812 (2006).

[CrossRef]

B. Liu, A. Yamilov, Y. Ling, J. Y. Xu, and H. Cao, “Dynamic nonlinear effect on lasing in a random medium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 063903 (2003). The surprising drift of mode 1 across the maximum of the gain curve, toward mode 2 [Fig. ], is attributed to the nonlinear Kerr effect.

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

A. S. Nagra and R. A. York, “FDTD analysis of wave propagation in nonlinear absorbing and gain media,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 46, 334–340 (1998).

[CrossRef]

O. Zaitsev and L. Deych, “Diagrammatic semiclassical laser theory,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 023822 (2010).

[CrossRef]

O. Zaitsev and L. Deych, “Recent developments in the theory of multimode random lasers,” J. Opt. 12, 024001 (2010).

[CrossRef]

O. Zaitsev, L. Deych, and V. Shuvayev, “Statistical properties of one-dimensional random lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 043906(2009).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

V. A. Mel’nikov, L. A. Golovan, S. O. Konorov, D. A. Muzychenko, A. B. Fedotov, A. M. Zheltikov, V. Y. Timoshenko, and P. K. Kashkarov, “Second-harmonic generation in strongly scattering porous gallium phosphide,” Appl. Phys. B 79, 225–228 (2004).

[CrossRef]

X. Jiang, S. Feng, C. M. Soukoulis, J. Zi, J. D. Joannopoulos, and H. Cao, “Coupling, competition, and stability of modes in random lasers,” Phys. Rev. B 69, 104202 (2004).

[CrossRef]

J. Andreasen, A. Asatryan, L. Botten, M. Byrne, H. Cao, L. Ge, L. Labonté, P. Sebbah, A. D. Stone, H. E. Türeci, and C. Vanneste, “Modes of random lasers,” Adv. Opt. Photon. 3, 88–127 (2011).

[CrossRef]

V. A. Mel’nikov, L. A. Golovan, S. O. Konorov, D. A. Muzychenko, A. B. Fedotov, A. M. Zheltikov, V. Y. Timoshenko, and P. K. Kashkarov, “Second-harmonic generation in strongly scattering porous gallium phosphide,” Appl. Phys. B 79, 225–228 (2004).

[CrossRef]

C. F. Dewey Jr. and L. O. Hocker, “Enhanced nonlinear optical effects in rotationally twinned crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 26, 442–444 (1975).

[CrossRef]

R. C. Polson, M. E. Raikh, and Z. V. Vardeny, “Universality in unintentional laser resonators in π-conjugated polymer films,” C. R. Acad. Sci. Ser. IV A, 509–521 (2002).

A. S. Nagra and R. A. York, “FDTD analysis of wave propagation in nonlinear absorbing and gain media,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 46, 334–340 (1998).

[CrossRef]

O. Zaitsev and L. Deych, “Recent developments in the theory of multimode random lasers,” J. Opt. 12, 024001 (2010).

[CrossRef]

A. Tulek, R. C. Polson, and Z. V. Vardeny, “Naturally occurring resonators in random lasing of π-conjugated polymer films,” Nat. Phys. 6, 303–310 (2010).

[CrossRef]

M. Baudrier-Raybaut, R. Haïdar, P. Kupecek, P. Lemasson, and E. Rosencher, “Random quasi-phase-matching in bulk polycrystalline isotropic nonlinear materials,” Nature 432, 374–376 (2004).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

S. E. Skipetrov, “Disorder is the new order,” Nature 432, 285–286 (2004).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

H. E. Türeci, A. D. Stone, L. Ge, S. Rotter, and R. J. Tandy, “Ab initio self-consistent laser theory and random lasers,” Nonlinearity 22, C1–C18 (2009).

[CrossRef]

L. Ge, R. J. Tandy, A. D. Stone, and H. E. Türeci, “Quantitative verification of ab initio self-consistent laser theory,” Opt. Express 16, 16895–16902 (2008).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

J. Andreasen and H. Cao, “Spectral behavior of partially pumped weakly scattering random lasers,” Opt. Express 19, 3418–3433(2011).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Y. Li, X. Ma, M. Xu, L. Xiang, and D. Yang, “Remarkable decrease in threshold for electrically pumped random ultraviolet lasing from ZnO fim by incorporation of Zn2TiO4 nanoparticles,” Opt. Express 19, 8662–8669 (2011).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

R. Bardoux, A. Kaneta, M. Funato, K. Okamoto, Y. Kawakami, A. Kikuchi, and K. Kishino, “Single mode emission and non-stochastic laser system based on disordered point-sized structures: toward a tuneable random laser,” Opt. Express 19, 9262–9268 (2011).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

R. C. Miller, “Optical harmonic generation in single crystal BaTiO3,” Phys. Rev. 134, A1313–A1319 (1964).

[CrossRef]

J. Andreasen and H. Cao, “Numerical study of amplified spontaneous emission and lasing in random media,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 063835 (2010).

[CrossRef]

O. Zaitsev and L. Deych, “Diagrammatic semiclassical laser theory,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 023822 (2010).

[CrossRef]

S. John and G. Pang, “Theory of lasing in a multiple-scattering medium,” Phys. Rev. A 54, 3642–3652 (1996).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

H. E. Türeci, A. D. Stone, and B. Collier, “Self-consistent multimode lasing theory for complex or random lasing media,” Phys. Rev. A 74, 043822 (2006).

[CrossRef]

J. Andreasen, P. Sebbah, and C. Vanneste, “Coherent instabilities in random lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 023826 (2011).

[CrossRef]

K. L. van der Molen, A. P. Mosk, and A. Lagendijk, “Relaxation oscillations in long-pulsed random lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 80, 055803 (2009).

[CrossRef]

J. Andreasen, C. Vanneste, L. Ge, and H. Cao, “Effects of spatially nonuniform gain on lasing modes in weakly scattering random systems,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 043818 (2010).

[CrossRef]

X. Wu, W. Fang, A. Yamilov, A. A. Chabanov, A. A. Asatryan, L. C. Botten, and H. Cao, “Random lasing in weakly scattering systems,” Phys. Rev. A 74, 053812 (2006).

[CrossRef]

C. Vanneste and P. Sebbah, “Complexity of two-dimensional quasimodes at the transition from weak scattering to Anderson localization,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 041802(R) (2009).

[CrossRef]

S. M. Dutra and G. Nienhuis, “Quantized modes of a leaky cavity,” Phys. Rev. B 62, 063805 (2000).

H. Cao, X. Jiang, Y. Ling, J. Y. Xu, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Mode repulsion and mode coupling in random lasers,” Phys. Rev. B 67, 161101(R) (2003).

[CrossRef]

X. Jiang, S. Feng, C. M. Soukoulis, J. Zi, J. D. Joannopoulos, and H. Cao, “Coupling, competition, and stability of modes in random lasers,” Phys. Rev. B 69, 104202 (2004).

[CrossRef]

P. Sebbah and C. Vanneste, “Random laser in the localized regime,” Phys. Rev. B 66, 144202 (2002).

[CrossRef]

C. M. Soukoulis, X. Jiang, J. Y. Xu, and H. Cao, “Dynamic response and relaxation oscillations in random lasers,” Phys. Rev. B 65, 041103(R) (2002).

[CrossRef]

D. S. Wiersma and A. Lagendijk, “Light diffusion with gain and random lasers,” Phys. Rev. E 54, 4256–4265 (1996).

[CrossRef]

H. Cao, J. Y. Xu, S.-H. Chang, and S. T. Ho, “Transition from amplified spontaneous emission to laser action in strongly scattering media,” Phys. Rev. E 61, 1985–1989 (2000).

[CrossRef]

X. Jiang and C. M. Soukoulis, “Time dependent theory for random lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 70–73 (2000).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

C. Vanneste and P. Sebbah, “Selective excitation of localized modes in active random media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 183903(2001).

[CrossRef]

S. Mujumdar, M. Ricci, R. Torre, and D. S. Wiersma, “Amplified extended modes in random lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 053903(2004).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

C. Vanneste, P. Sebbah, and H. Cao, “Lasing with resonant feedback in weakly scattering random systems,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 143902 (2007).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

C. Conti, M. Leonetti, A. Fratalocchi, L. Angelani, and G. Ruocco, “Condensation in disordered lasers: Theory, 3d+1 simulations, and experiments,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 143901 (2008).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

O. Zaitsev, L. Deych, and V. Shuvayev, “Statistical properties of one-dimensional random lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 043906(2009).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

V. M. Apalkov, M. E. Raikh, and B. Shapiro, “Random resonators and prelocalized modes in disordered dielectric films,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 016802 (2002).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

B. Liu, A. Yamilov, Y. Ling, J. Y. Xu, and H. Cao, “Dynamic nonlinear effect on lasing in a random medium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 063903 (2003). The surprising drift of mode 1 across the maximum of the gain curve, toward mode 2 [Fig. ], is attributed to the nonlinear Kerr effect.

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

E. Y. Morozov and A. S. Chirkin, “Stochastic quasi-phase matching in nonlinear-optical crystals with an irregular domain structure,” Quantum Electron. 34, 227–232 (2004).

[CrossRef]

H. E. Türeci, L. Ge, S. Rotter, and A. D. Stone, “Strong interactions in multimode random lasers,” Science 320, 643–646 (2008).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

V. S. Letokhov, “Generation of light by a scattering medium with negative resonance absorption,” Sov. Phys. JETP 26, 835–840(1968).

H. Cao, “Lasing in random media,” Waves Random Media 13, R1–R39 (2003) and references therein.

[CrossRef]

E. Roldán, G. J. de Valcárcel, F. Prati, F. Mitschke, and T. Voigt, “Multilongitudinal mode emission in ring cavity class B lasers,” in “Trends in Spatiotemporal Dynamics in Lasers. Instabilities, Polarization Dynamics, and Spatial Structures,” O.Gomez-Calderon and J.M.Guerra, eds. (Research Signpost, 2005), pp. 1–80.

A. E. Siegman, Lasers (University Science Books, 1986).

A. Taflove and S. Hagness, Computational Electrodynamics (Artech House, 2005), 3rd ed.