Abstract

We demonstrated an all-optical signal control technique, novel to our knowledge, based on pulse trapping and amplification by ultrashort soliton pulse in a birefringent fiber to implement three functions: amplification, reshaping, and retiming. The signal and control pulses trap each other and copropagate in the fiber. The signal pulse experiences Raman gain and soliton effect by an ultrashort control pulse. The characteristics were investigated both experimentally and numerically. The maximum gain obtained was 28 dB in a 140 m long fiber. The output waveforms were ∼300 fs, chirp-free, sech2-shaped, ultrashort pulses. Delays and advances within ±0.4 ps in the initial signal were compensated for.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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  1. G. P. Agrawal, Applications of Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 2nd ed. (Academic, 2008).
  2. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 4th ed. (Academic, 2007).
  3. S. Watanabe, R. Ludwig, F. Futami, C. Schubert, S. Ferber, C. Boerner, C. S. Langhorst, J. Berger, and H. G. Weber, “Ultrafast all-optical 3R-regeneration,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E87-C, 1114–1118 (2004).
  4. J. Suzuki, T. Tanemura, K. Taira, Y. Ozeki, and K. Kikuchi, “All-optical regenerator using wavelength shift induced by cross-phase modulation in highly nonlinear dispersion-shifted fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 423–425 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  5. M. Daikoku, N. Yoshikane, T. Otani, and H. Tanaka, “Optical 40 Gb/s 3R regenerator with a combination of the SPM and XAM effects for all-optical networks,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 1142–1148 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  6. S. Arahira and Y. Ogawa, “160 Gb/s OTDM signal source with 3R function utilizing ultrafast mode-locked laser diodes and modified NOLM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 992–994(2005).
    [CrossRef]
  7. F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, M. Ibsen, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical pulse reshaping and retiming systems incorporating pulse shaping fiber Bragg grating,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 357–364 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  8. S. Watanabe, F. Futami, R. Okabe, R. Ludwig, C. S. Langhorst, B. Huettl, C. Schubert, and H. G. Weber, “An optical parametric amplified fiber switch for optical signal processing and regeneration,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14, 674–680(2008).
    [CrossRef]
  9. N. Nishizawa and T. Goto, “Pulse trapping by ultrashort soliton pulses in optical fibers across zero-dispersion wavelength,” Opt. Lett. 27, 152–154 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  10. A. V. Gorbach and D. V. Skryabin, “Light trapping in gravity-like potentials and expansion of supercontinuum spectra in photonic-crystal fibers,” Nat. Photon. 1, 653–657 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  11. J. M. Dudley and J. R. Taylor, Supercontinuum Generation (Cambridge University, 2010).
  12. N. Nishizawa and T. Goto, “Characteristics of pulse trapping by use of ultrashort soliton pulses in optical fibers across the zero-dispersion wavelength,” Opt. Express 10, 1151–1160 (2002).
  13. N. Nishizawa and K. Itoh, “Control of optical pulse at visible region using pulse trapping by soliton pulse in photonic crystal fibers,” Appl. Phys. Express 2, 062501 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  14. N. Nishizawa, “Highly functional all-optical control using ultrafast nonlinear effects in optical fibers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45, 1446–1455 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  15. N. Nishizawa and T. Goto, “Ultrafast all optical switching by use of pulse trapping across zero-dispersion wavelength,” Opt. Express 11, 359–365 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  16. N. Nishizawa and T. Goto, “Trapped pulse generation by femtosecond soliton pulse in birefringent optical fibers,” Opt. Express 10, 256–261 (2002).
  17. E. Shiraki and N. Nishizawa, “Wideband amplification using orthogonally polarized pulse trapping in birefringent fibers,” Opt. Express 18, 7323–7330 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  18. N. Nishizawa, Y. Ukai, and T. Goto, “Ultrafast all optical switching using pulse trapping in birefringent fibers,” Opt. Express 13, 8128–8135 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  19. E. Shiraki, N. Nishizawa, and K. Itoh,“Ultrashort pulse generation from continuous wave by pulse trapping in birefringent fibers,” Opt. Express 18, 23070–23078 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  20. R. K. Shelton, L. S. Ma, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, J. L. Hall, and J. Ye, “Phase-coherent optical pulse synthesis from separate femtosecond lasers,” Science 293, 1286–1289 (2001).
    [CrossRef]

2010 (3)

2009 (2)

N. Nishizawa and K. Itoh, “Control of optical pulse at visible region using pulse trapping by soliton pulse in photonic crystal fibers,” Appl. Phys. Express 2, 062501 (2009).
[CrossRef]

N. Nishizawa, “Highly functional all-optical control using ultrafast nonlinear effects in optical fibers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45, 1446–1455 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (2)

G. P. Agrawal, Applications of Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 2nd ed. (Academic, 2008).

S. Watanabe, F. Futami, R. Okabe, R. Ludwig, C. S. Langhorst, B. Huettl, C. Schubert, and H. G. Weber, “An optical parametric amplified fiber switch for optical signal processing and regeneration,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14, 674–680(2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

A. V. Gorbach and D. V. Skryabin, “Light trapping in gravity-like potentials and expansion of supercontinuum spectra in photonic-crystal fibers,” Nat. Photon. 1, 653–657 (2007).
[CrossRef]

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 4th ed. (Academic, 2007).

2006 (2)

2005 (3)

N. Nishizawa, Y. Ukai, and T. Goto, “Ultrafast all optical switching using pulse trapping in birefringent fibers,” Opt. Express 13, 8128–8135 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Suzuki, T. Tanemura, K. Taira, Y. Ozeki, and K. Kikuchi, “All-optical regenerator using wavelength shift induced by cross-phase modulation in highly nonlinear dispersion-shifted fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 423–425 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Arahira and Y. Ogawa, “160 Gb/s OTDM signal source with 3R function utilizing ultrafast mode-locked laser diodes and modified NOLM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 992–994(2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

S. Watanabe, R. Ludwig, F. Futami, C. Schubert, S. Ferber, C. Boerner, C. S. Langhorst, J. Berger, and H. G. Weber, “Ultrafast all-optical 3R-regeneration,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E87-C, 1114–1118 (2004).

2003 (1)

2002 (3)

2001 (1)

R. K. Shelton, L. S. Ma, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, J. L. Hall, and J. Ye, “Phase-coherent optical pulse synthesis from separate femtosecond lasers,” Science 293, 1286–1289 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, Applications of Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 2nd ed. (Academic, 2008).

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 4th ed. (Academic, 2007).

Arahira, S.

S. Arahira and Y. Ogawa, “160 Gb/s OTDM signal source with 3R function utilizing ultrafast mode-locked laser diodes and modified NOLM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 992–994(2005).
[CrossRef]

Berger, J.

S. Watanabe, R. Ludwig, F. Futami, C. Schubert, S. Ferber, C. Boerner, C. S. Langhorst, J. Berger, and H. G. Weber, “Ultrafast all-optical 3R-regeneration,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E87-C, 1114–1118 (2004).

Boerner, C.

S. Watanabe, R. Ludwig, F. Futami, C. Schubert, S. Ferber, C. Boerner, C. S. Langhorst, J. Berger, and H. G. Weber, “Ultrafast all-optical 3R-regeneration,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E87-C, 1114–1118 (2004).

Daikoku, M.

Dudley, J. M.

J. M. Dudley and J. R. Taylor, Supercontinuum Generation (Cambridge University, 2010).

Ferber, S.

S. Watanabe, R. Ludwig, F. Futami, C. Schubert, S. Ferber, C. Boerner, C. S. Langhorst, J. Berger, and H. G. Weber, “Ultrafast all-optical 3R-regeneration,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E87-C, 1114–1118 (2004).

Futami, F.

S. Watanabe, F. Futami, R. Okabe, R. Ludwig, C. S. Langhorst, B. Huettl, C. Schubert, and H. G. Weber, “An optical parametric amplified fiber switch for optical signal processing and regeneration,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14, 674–680(2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Watanabe, R. Ludwig, F. Futami, C. Schubert, S. Ferber, C. Boerner, C. S. Langhorst, J. Berger, and H. G. Weber, “Ultrafast all-optical 3R-regeneration,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E87-C, 1114–1118 (2004).

Gorbach, A. V.

A. V. Gorbach and D. V. Skryabin, “Light trapping in gravity-like potentials and expansion of supercontinuum spectra in photonic-crystal fibers,” Nat. Photon. 1, 653–657 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Goto, T.

Hall, J. L.

R. K. Shelton, L. S. Ma, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, J. L. Hall, and J. Ye, “Phase-coherent optical pulse synthesis from separate femtosecond lasers,” Science 293, 1286–1289 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Huettl, B.

S. Watanabe, F. Futami, R. Okabe, R. Ludwig, C. S. Langhorst, B. Huettl, C. Schubert, and H. G. Weber, “An optical parametric amplified fiber switch for optical signal processing and regeneration,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14, 674–680(2008).
[CrossRef]

Ibsen, M.

Itoh, K.

E. Shiraki, N. Nishizawa, and K. Itoh,“Ultrashort pulse generation from continuous wave by pulse trapping in birefringent fibers,” Opt. Express 18, 23070–23078 (2010).
[CrossRef]

N. Nishizawa and K. Itoh, “Control of optical pulse at visible region using pulse trapping by soliton pulse in photonic crystal fibers,” Appl. Phys. Express 2, 062501 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kapteyn, H. C.

R. K. Shelton, L. S. Ma, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, J. L. Hall, and J. Ye, “Phase-coherent optical pulse synthesis from separate femtosecond lasers,” Science 293, 1286–1289 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kikuchi, K.

J. Suzuki, T. Tanemura, K. Taira, Y. Ozeki, and K. Kikuchi, “All-optical regenerator using wavelength shift induced by cross-phase modulation in highly nonlinear dispersion-shifted fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 423–425 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Langhorst, C. S.

S. Watanabe, F. Futami, R. Okabe, R. Ludwig, C. S. Langhorst, B. Huettl, C. Schubert, and H. G. Weber, “An optical parametric amplified fiber switch for optical signal processing and regeneration,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14, 674–680(2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Watanabe, R. Ludwig, F. Futami, C. Schubert, S. Ferber, C. Boerner, C. S. Langhorst, J. Berger, and H. G. Weber, “Ultrafast all-optical 3R-regeneration,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E87-C, 1114–1118 (2004).

Ludwig, R.

S. Watanabe, F. Futami, R. Okabe, R. Ludwig, C. S. Langhorst, B. Huettl, C. Schubert, and H. G. Weber, “An optical parametric amplified fiber switch for optical signal processing and regeneration,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14, 674–680(2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Watanabe, R. Ludwig, F. Futami, C. Schubert, S. Ferber, C. Boerner, C. S. Langhorst, J. Berger, and H. G. Weber, “Ultrafast all-optical 3R-regeneration,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E87-C, 1114–1118 (2004).

Ma, L. S.

R. K. Shelton, L. S. Ma, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, J. L. Hall, and J. Ye, “Phase-coherent optical pulse synthesis from separate femtosecond lasers,” Science 293, 1286–1289 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Murnane, M. M.

R. K. Shelton, L. S. Ma, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, J. L. Hall, and J. Ye, “Phase-coherent optical pulse synthesis from separate femtosecond lasers,” Science 293, 1286–1289 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Nishizawa, N.

E. Shiraki and N. Nishizawa, “Wideband amplification using orthogonally polarized pulse trapping in birefringent fibers,” Opt. Express 18, 7323–7330 (2010).
[CrossRef]

E. Shiraki, N. Nishizawa, and K. Itoh,“Ultrashort pulse generation from continuous wave by pulse trapping in birefringent fibers,” Opt. Express 18, 23070–23078 (2010).
[CrossRef]

N. Nishizawa and K. Itoh, “Control of optical pulse at visible region using pulse trapping by soliton pulse in photonic crystal fibers,” Appl. Phys. Express 2, 062501 (2009).
[CrossRef]

N. Nishizawa, “Highly functional all-optical control using ultrafast nonlinear effects in optical fibers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45, 1446–1455 (2009).
[CrossRef]

N. Nishizawa, Y. Ukai, and T. Goto, “Ultrafast all optical switching using pulse trapping in birefringent fibers,” Opt. Express 13, 8128–8135 (2005).
[CrossRef]

N. Nishizawa and T. Goto, “Ultrafast all optical switching by use of pulse trapping across zero-dispersion wavelength,” Opt. Express 11, 359–365 (2003).
[CrossRef]

N. Nishizawa and T. Goto, “Characteristics of pulse trapping by use of ultrashort soliton pulses in optical fibers across the zero-dispersion wavelength,” Opt. Express 10, 1151–1160 (2002).

N. Nishizawa and T. Goto, “Pulse trapping by ultrashort soliton pulses in optical fibers across zero-dispersion wavelength,” Opt. Lett. 27, 152–154 (2002).
[CrossRef]

N. Nishizawa and T. Goto, “Trapped pulse generation by femtosecond soliton pulse in birefringent optical fibers,” Opt. Express 10, 256–261 (2002).

Ogawa, Y.

S. Arahira and Y. Ogawa, “160 Gb/s OTDM signal source with 3R function utilizing ultrafast mode-locked laser diodes and modified NOLM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 992–994(2005).
[CrossRef]

Okabe, R.

S. Watanabe, F. Futami, R. Okabe, R. Ludwig, C. S. Langhorst, B. Huettl, C. Schubert, and H. G. Weber, “An optical parametric amplified fiber switch for optical signal processing and regeneration,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14, 674–680(2008).
[CrossRef]

Otani, T.

Ozeki, Y.

J. Suzuki, T. Tanemura, K. Taira, Y. Ozeki, and K. Kikuchi, “All-optical regenerator using wavelength shift induced by cross-phase modulation in highly nonlinear dispersion-shifted fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 423–425 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Parmigiani, F.

Petropoulos, P.

Richardson, D. J.

Schubert, C.

S. Watanabe, F. Futami, R. Okabe, R. Ludwig, C. S. Langhorst, B. Huettl, C. Schubert, and H. G. Weber, “An optical parametric amplified fiber switch for optical signal processing and regeneration,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14, 674–680(2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Watanabe, R. Ludwig, F. Futami, C. Schubert, S. Ferber, C. Boerner, C. S. Langhorst, J. Berger, and H. G. Weber, “Ultrafast all-optical 3R-regeneration,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E87-C, 1114–1118 (2004).

Shelton, R. K.

R. K. Shelton, L. S. Ma, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, J. L. Hall, and J. Ye, “Phase-coherent optical pulse synthesis from separate femtosecond lasers,” Science 293, 1286–1289 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Shiraki, E.

Skryabin, D. V.

A. V. Gorbach and D. V. Skryabin, “Light trapping in gravity-like potentials and expansion of supercontinuum spectra in photonic-crystal fibers,” Nat. Photon. 1, 653–657 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, J.

J. Suzuki, T. Tanemura, K. Taira, Y. Ozeki, and K. Kikuchi, “All-optical regenerator using wavelength shift induced by cross-phase modulation in highly nonlinear dispersion-shifted fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 423–425 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Taira, K.

J. Suzuki, T. Tanemura, K. Taira, Y. Ozeki, and K. Kikuchi, “All-optical regenerator using wavelength shift induced by cross-phase modulation in highly nonlinear dispersion-shifted fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 423–425 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tanaka, H.

Tanemura, T.

J. Suzuki, T. Tanemura, K. Taira, Y. Ozeki, and K. Kikuchi, “All-optical regenerator using wavelength shift induced by cross-phase modulation in highly nonlinear dispersion-shifted fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 423–425 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Taylor, J. R.

J. M. Dudley and J. R. Taylor, Supercontinuum Generation (Cambridge University, 2010).

Ukai, Y.

Watanabe, S.

S. Watanabe, F. Futami, R. Okabe, R. Ludwig, C. S. Langhorst, B. Huettl, C. Schubert, and H. G. Weber, “An optical parametric amplified fiber switch for optical signal processing and regeneration,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14, 674–680(2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Watanabe, R. Ludwig, F. Futami, C. Schubert, S. Ferber, C. Boerner, C. S. Langhorst, J. Berger, and H. G. Weber, “Ultrafast all-optical 3R-regeneration,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E87-C, 1114–1118 (2004).

Weber, H. G.

S. Watanabe, F. Futami, R. Okabe, R. Ludwig, C. S. Langhorst, B. Huettl, C. Schubert, and H. G. Weber, “An optical parametric amplified fiber switch for optical signal processing and regeneration,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14, 674–680(2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Watanabe, R. Ludwig, F. Futami, C. Schubert, S. Ferber, C. Boerner, C. S. Langhorst, J. Berger, and H. G. Weber, “Ultrafast all-optical 3R-regeneration,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E87-C, 1114–1118 (2004).

Ye, J.

R. K. Shelton, L. S. Ma, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, J. L. Hall, and J. Ye, “Phase-coherent optical pulse synthesis from separate femtosecond lasers,” Science 293, 1286–1289 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Yoshikane, N.

Appl. Phys. Express (1)

N. Nishizawa and K. Itoh, “Control of optical pulse at visible region using pulse trapping by soliton pulse in photonic crystal fibers,” Appl. Phys. Express 2, 062501 (2009).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

N. Nishizawa, “Highly functional all-optical control using ultrafast nonlinear effects in optical fibers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45, 1446–1455 (2009).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

S. Watanabe, F. Futami, R. Okabe, R. Ludwig, C. S. Langhorst, B. Huettl, C. Schubert, and H. G. Weber, “An optical parametric amplified fiber switch for optical signal processing and regeneration,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14, 674–680(2008).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

J. Suzuki, T. Tanemura, K. Taira, Y. Ozeki, and K. Kikuchi, “All-optical regenerator using wavelength shift induced by cross-phase modulation in highly nonlinear dispersion-shifted fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 423–425 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Arahira and Y. Ogawa, “160 Gb/s OTDM signal source with 3R function utilizing ultrafast mode-locked laser diodes and modified NOLM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 992–994(2005).
[CrossRef]

IEICE Trans. Electron. (1)

S. Watanabe, R. Ludwig, F. Futami, C. Schubert, S. Ferber, C. Boerner, C. S. Langhorst, J. Berger, and H. G. Weber, “Ultrafast all-optical 3R-regeneration,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E87-C, 1114–1118 (2004).

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

Nat. Photon. (1)

A. V. Gorbach and D. V. Skryabin, “Light trapping in gravity-like potentials and expansion of supercontinuum spectra in photonic-crystal fibers,” Nat. Photon. 1, 653–657 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (6)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Science (1)

R. K. Shelton, L. S. Ma, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, J. L. Hall, and J. Ye, “Phase-coherent optical pulse synthesis from separate femtosecond lasers,” Science 293, 1286–1289 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

J. M. Dudley and J. R. Taylor, Supercontinuum Generation (Cambridge University, 2010).

G. P. Agrawal, Applications of Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 2nd ed. (Academic, 2008).

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 4th ed. (Academic, 2007).

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