Abstract

This paper proposes an analysis of a Yb:KYW laser emitting at 981nm intracavity pumped by a Nd:YVO4 laser operating at 914nm. It gives some guidelines to optimize the laser performance. An output power of 1W has been obtained at 981nm for a pump power of 23W at 808nm. It presents a simple and original model to deal with the line competition between 981nm and the other lines at 1000 and 1023nm and explains how a temperature increase can promote the 981nm laser emission. This approach could be useful for other lasers that are subject to line competition.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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  1. O. G. Okhotnikov, L. A. Gomes, N. Xiang, T. Jouhti, A. K. Chin, R. Singh, and A. B. Grudinin, “981nm picosecond fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1519–1521 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  2. K. H. Ylä-Jarkko, R. Selvas, D. B. S. Soh, J. K. Sahu, C. A. Codemard, J. Nilsson, S. A. Alam, and A. B. Grudinin, “A 3.5W977nm cladding pumped jacketed air clad ytterbium doped fiber laser,” in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, J.Zayhowski, ed., Vol. 83 of OSA Trends Optics Photonics (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper 103.
  3. J. Boullet, Y. Zaouter, R. Desmarchelier, M. Cazaux, F. Salin, J. Saby, R. Bello-Doua, and E. Cormier, “High power ytterbium-doped rod-type three- level photonic crystal fiber laser,” Opt. Express 16, 17891–17902 (2008).
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    [CrossRef]
  6. A. Bouchier, G. Lucas-Leclin, and P. Georges, “Frequency doubling of an efficient continuous wave single-mode Yb-doped fiber laser at 978nm in a periodically-poled MgO:LiNbO3 waveguide,” Opt. Express 13, 6974–6979 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. M. Castaing, F. Balembois, P. Georges, T. Georges, K. Schaffers, and J. Tassano, “Diode-pumped Nd:YVO4/Yb:S-FAP laser emitting at 985 and 492.5nm,” Opt. Lett. 33, 1234–1236(2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. A. Bouchier, G. Lucas-Leclin, F. Balembois, and P. Georges, “Intense laser emission at 981nm in an Ytterbium-doped KY(WO4)2 crystal,” in Advanced Solid-State Photonics (TOPS), C.Denman and I.Sorokina, eds., Vol. 98 of OSA Trends Optics Photonics (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper TuB5.
  9. M. Castaing, F. Balembois, P. Georges, and T. Georges, “Diode-pumped Yb :KYW laser emitting at 981nm by intracavity pumping,” Proc. SPIE 7193, 71930J (2009)
    [CrossRef]
  10. Y. F. Lü, X. H. Zhang, J. Xia, R. Chen, G. Y. Jin, J. G. Wang, C. L. Li, and Z. Y. Ma, “981 nm Yb:KYW laser intracavity pumped at 912nm and frequency-doubling for an emission at 490.5nm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7, 343–346 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  11. N. V. Kuleshov, A. Alagatsky, A. V. Podlipensky, V. P. Mikhailov, and G. Huber, “Pulsed laser operation of Yb-doped KY(WO4)2 and KGd(WO4)2,” Opt. Lett. 22, 1317–1319 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  12. S. A. Payne, L. D. DeLoach, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, J. B. Tassano, W. F. Krupke, B. H. T. Chai, and G. Loutts, “Ytterbium-doped apatite-structure crystals: a new class of laser materials,” J. Appl. Phys. 76, 497–503 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  13. A. A. Lagatsky, N. V. Kuleshov, and V. P. Mikhailov, “Diode-pumped CW lasing of Yb:KYW and Yb:KGW,” Opt. Commun. 165, 71–75 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  17. N. V. Kuleshov, A. A. Lagatsky, A. V. Podlipensky, V. P. Mikhailov, E. Heumann, A. Diening, and G. Huber, “Highly efficient CW and pulsed lasing of Yb doped tungstates,” in Advanced Solid State Lasers, C.Pollock and W.Bosenberg, eds., Vol. 10 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 1997), paper SC3.
  18. S. So, J. I. Mackenzie, D. P. Shepherd, W. A. Clarkson, J. G. Betterton, E. K. Gorton, and J. A. C. Terry, “Intra-cavity side-pumped Ho:YAG laser,” Opt. Express 14, 10481–10487(2006).
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    [CrossRef]
  20. M. Castaing, E. Hérault, F. Balembois, P. Georges, C. Varona, P. Loiseau, and G. Aka, “Diode-pumped Nd:YAG laser emitting at 899nm and below,” Opt. Lett. 32, 799–801 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010 (1)

Y. F. Lü, X. H. Zhang, J. Xia, R. Chen, G. Y. Jin, J. G. Wang, C. L. Li, and Z. Y. Ma, “981 nm Yb:KYW laser intracavity pumped at 912nm and frequency-doubling for an emission at 490.5nm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7, 343–346 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (1)

M. Castaing, F. Balembois, P. Georges, and T. Georges, “Diode-pumped Yb :KYW laser emitting at 981nm by intracavity pumping,” Proc. SPIE 7193, 71930J (2009)
[CrossRef]

2008 (3)

2007 (1)

2006 (2)

2005 (1)

2004 (1)

D. B. S. Soh, C. Codemard, S. Wang, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, F. Laurell, V. Philippov, Y. Jeong, C. Alegria, and S. Baek, “A 981nm Yb-doped fiber MOPA source and its frequency doubling,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1032–1034 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

O. G. Okhotnikov, L. A. Gomes, N. Xiang, T. Jouhti, A. K. Chin, R. Singh, and A. B. Grudinin, “981nm picosecond fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1519–1521 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

A. A. Demidovich, A. N. Kuzmin, G. I. Ryabtsev, M. B. Danailov, W. Strek, and A. N. Titov, “Influence of Yb concentration on Yb:KYW laser properties,” J. Alloys Compd. 300–301, 238–241(2000).
[CrossRef]

F. Augé, F. Druon, F. Balembois, P. Georges, A. Brun, F. Mougel, G. Aka, and D. Vivien, “Theoretical and experimental investigations of a diode-pumped quasi-three level laser: the Yb3+-doped Ca4GdO(BO3)3 (Yb:GdCOB) laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 598–606 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

A. A. Lagatsky, N. V. Kuleshov, and V. P. Mikhailov, “Diode-pumped CW lasing of Yb:KYW and Yb:KGW,” Opt. Commun. 165, 71–75 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

1994 (1)

S. A. Payne, L. D. DeLoach, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, J. B. Tassano, W. F. Krupke, B. H. T. Chai, and G. Loutts, “Ytterbium-doped apatite-structure crystals: a new class of laser materials,” J. Appl. Phys. 76, 497–503 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Aguiló, M.

Aka, G.

M. Castaing, E. Hérault, F. Balembois, P. Georges, C. Varona, P. Loiseau, and G. Aka, “Diode-pumped Nd:YAG laser emitting at 899nm and below,” Opt. Lett. 32, 799–801 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Augé, F. Druon, F. Balembois, P. Georges, A. Brun, F. Mougel, G. Aka, and D. Vivien, “Theoretical and experimental investigations of a diode-pumped quasi-three level laser: the Yb3+-doped Ca4GdO(BO3)3 (Yb:GdCOB) laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 598–606 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Alagatsky, A.

Alam, S. A.

K. H. Ylä-Jarkko, R. Selvas, D. B. S. Soh, J. K. Sahu, C. A. Codemard, J. Nilsson, S. A. Alam, and A. B. Grudinin, “A 3.5W977nm cladding pumped jacketed air clad ytterbium doped fiber laser,” in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, J.Zayhowski, ed., Vol. 83 of OSA Trends Optics Photonics (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper 103.

Alegria, C.

D. B. S. Soh, C. Codemard, S. Wang, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, F. Laurell, V. Philippov, Y. Jeong, C. Alegria, and S. Baek, “A 981nm Yb-doped fiber MOPA source and its frequency doubling,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1032–1034 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Augé, F.

F. Augé, F. Druon, F. Balembois, P. Georges, A. Brun, F. Mougel, G. Aka, and D. Vivien, “Theoretical and experimental investigations of a diode-pumped quasi-three level laser: the Yb3+-doped Ca4GdO(BO3)3 (Yb:GdCOB) laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 598–606 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Baek, S.

D. B. S. Soh, C. Codemard, S. Wang, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, F. Laurell, V. Philippov, Y. Jeong, C. Alegria, and S. Baek, “A 981nm Yb-doped fiber MOPA source and its frequency doubling,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1032–1034 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Balembois, F.

M. Castaing, F. Balembois, P. Georges, and T. Georges, “Diode-pumped Yb :KYW laser emitting at 981nm by intracavity pumping,” Proc. SPIE 7193, 71930J (2009)
[CrossRef]

M. Castaing, F. Balembois, P. Georges, T. Georges, K. Schaffers, and J. Tassano, “Diode-pumped Nd:YVO4/Yb:S-FAP laser emitting at 985 and 492.5nm,” Opt. Lett. 33, 1234–1236(2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Castaing, E. Hérault, F. Balembois, P. Georges, C. Varona, P. Loiseau, and G. Aka, “Diode-pumped Nd:YAG laser emitting at 899nm and below,” Opt. Lett. 32, 799–801 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Augé, F. Druon, F. Balembois, P. Georges, A. Brun, F. Mougel, G. Aka, and D. Vivien, “Theoretical and experimental investigations of a diode-pumped quasi-three level laser: the Yb3+-doped Ca4GdO(BO3)3 (Yb:GdCOB) laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 598–606 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. Bouchier, G. Lucas-Leclin, F. Balembois, and P. Georges, “Intense laser emission at 981nm in an Ytterbium-doped KY(WO4)2 crystal,” in Advanced Solid-State Photonics (TOPS), C.Denman and I.Sorokina, eds., Vol. 98 of OSA Trends Optics Photonics (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper TuB5.

Bello-Doua, R.

Betterton, J. G.

Bjurshagen, S.

Bouchier, A.

A. Bouchier, G. Lucas-Leclin, and P. Georges, “Frequency doubling of an efficient continuous wave single-mode Yb-doped fiber laser at 978nm in a periodically-poled MgO:LiNbO3 waveguide,” Opt. Express 13, 6974–6979 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Bouchier, G. Lucas-Leclin, F. Balembois, and P. Georges, “Intense laser emission at 981nm in an Ytterbium-doped KY(WO4)2 crystal,” in Advanced Solid-State Photonics (TOPS), C.Denman and I.Sorokina, eds., Vol. 98 of OSA Trends Optics Photonics (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper TuB5.

Boullet, J.

Brun, A.

F. Augé, F. Druon, F. Balembois, P. Georges, A. Brun, F. Mougel, G. Aka, and D. Vivien, “Theoretical and experimental investigations of a diode-pumped quasi-three level laser: the Yb3+-doped Ca4GdO(BO3)3 (Yb:GdCOB) laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 598–606 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Castaing, M.

Cazaux, M.

Chai, B. H. T.

S. A. Payne, L. D. DeLoach, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, J. B. Tassano, W. F. Krupke, B. H. T. Chai, and G. Loutts, “Ytterbium-doped apatite-structure crystals: a new class of laser materials,” J. Appl. Phys. 76, 497–503 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Chen, R.

Y. F. Lü, X. H. Zhang, J. Xia, R. Chen, G. Y. Jin, J. G. Wang, C. L. Li, and Z. Y. Ma, “981 nm Yb:KYW laser intracavity pumped at 912nm and frequency-doubling for an emission at 490.5nm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7, 343–346 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chin, A. K.

O. G. Okhotnikov, L. A. Gomes, N. Xiang, T. Jouhti, A. K. Chin, R. Singh, and A. B. Grudinin, “981nm picosecond fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1519–1521 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Cinta Pujol, M.

Clarkson, W. A.

Codemard, C.

D. B. S. Soh, C. Codemard, S. Wang, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, F. Laurell, V. Philippov, Y. Jeong, C. Alegria, and S. Baek, “A 981nm Yb-doped fiber MOPA source and its frequency doubling,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1032–1034 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Codemard, C. A.

K. H. Ylä-Jarkko, R. Selvas, D. B. S. Soh, J. K. Sahu, C. A. Codemard, J. Nilsson, S. A. Alam, and A. B. Grudinin, “A 3.5W977nm cladding pumped jacketed air clad ytterbium doped fiber laser,” in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, J.Zayhowski, ed., Vol. 83 of OSA Trends Optics Photonics (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper 103.

Cormier, E.

Danailov, M. B.

A. A. Demidovich, A. N. Kuzmin, G. I. Ryabtsev, M. B. Danailov, W. Strek, and A. N. Titov, “Influence of Yb concentration on Yb:KYW laser properties,” J. Alloys Compd. 300–301, 238–241(2000).
[CrossRef]

DeLoach, L. D.

S. A. Payne, L. D. DeLoach, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, J. B. Tassano, W. F. Krupke, B. H. T. Chai, and G. Loutts, “Ytterbium-doped apatite-structure crystals: a new class of laser materials,” J. Appl. Phys. 76, 497–503 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Demidovich, A. A.

A. A. Demidovich, A. N. Kuzmin, G. I. Ryabtsev, M. B. Danailov, W. Strek, and A. N. Titov, “Influence of Yb concentration on Yb:KYW laser properties,” J. Alloys Compd. 300–301, 238–241(2000).
[CrossRef]

Desmarchelier, R.

Díaz, F.

Diening, A.

N. V. Kuleshov, A. A. Lagatsky, A. V. Podlipensky, V. P. Mikhailov, E. Heumann, A. Diening, and G. Huber, “Highly efficient CW and pulsed lasing of Yb doped tungstates,” in Advanced Solid State Lasers, C.Pollock and W.Bosenberg, eds., Vol. 10 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 1997), paper SC3.

Druon, F.

F. Augé, F. Druon, F. Balembois, P. Georges, A. Brun, F. Mougel, G. Aka, and D. Vivien, “Theoretical and experimental investigations of a diode-pumped quasi-three level laser: the Yb3+-doped Ca4GdO(BO3)3 (Yb:GdCOB) laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 598–606 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Georges, P.

M. Castaing, F. Balembois, P. Georges, and T. Georges, “Diode-pumped Yb :KYW laser emitting at 981nm by intracavity pumping,” Proc. SPIE 7193, 71930J (2009)
[CrossRef]

M. Castaing, F. Balembois, P. Georges, T. Georges, K. Schaffers, and J. Tassano, “Diode-pumped Nd:YVO4/Yb:S-FAP laser emitting at 985 and 492.5nm,” Opt. Lett. 33, 1234–1236(2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Castaing, E. Hérault, F. Balembois, P. Georges, C. Varona, P. Loiseau, and G. Aka, “Diode-pumped Nd:YAG laser emitting at 899nm and below,” Opt. Lett. 32, 799–801 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Bouchier, G. Lucas-Leclin, and P. Georges, “Frequency doubling of an efficient continuous wave single-mode Yb-doped fiber laser at 978nm in a periodically-poled MgO:LiNbO3 waveguide,” Opt. Express 13, 6974–6979 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Augé, F. Druon, F. Balembois, P. Georges, A. Brun, F. Mougel, G. Aka, and D. Vivien, “Theoretical and experimental investigations of a diode-pumped quasi-three level laser: the Yb3+-doped Ca4GdO(BO3)3 (Yb:GdCOB) laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 598–606 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. Bouchier, G. Lucas-Leclin, F. Balembois, and P. Georges, “Intense laser emission at 981nm in an Ytterbium-doped KY(WO4)2 crystal,” in Advanced Solid-State Photonics (TOPS), C.Denman and I.Sorokina, eds., Vol. 98 of OSA Trends Optics Photonics (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper TuB5.

Georges, T.

M. Castaing, F. Balembois, P. Georges, and T. Georges, “Diode-pumped Yb :KYW laser emitting at 981nm by intracavity pumping,” Proc. SPIE 7193, 71930J (2009)
[CrossRef]

M. Castaing, F. Balembois, P. Georges, T. Georges, K. Schaffers, and J. Tassano, “Diode-pumped Nd:YVO4/Yb:S-FAP laser emitting at 985 and 492.5nm,” Opt. Lett. 33, 1234–1236(2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gomes, L. A.

O. G. Okhotnikov, L. A. Gomes, N. Xiang, T. Jouhti, A. K. Chin, R. Singh, and A. B. Grudinin, “981nm picosecond fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1519–1521 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Gorton, E. K.

Grudinin, A. B.

O. G. Okhotnikov, L. A. Gomes, N. Xiang, T. Jouhti, A. K. Chin, R. Singh, and A. B. Grudinin, “981nm picosecond fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1519–1521 (2003).
[CrossRef]

K. H. Ylä-Jarkko, R. Selvas, D. B. S. Soh, J. K. Sahu, C. A. Codemard, J. Nilsson, S. A. Alam, and A. B. Grudinin, “A 3.5W977nm cladding pumped jacketed air clad ytterbium doped fiber laser,” in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, J.Zayhowski, ed., Vol. 83 of OSA Trends Optics Photonics (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper 103.

Hellström, J. E.

Hérault, E.

Heumann, E.

N. V. Kuleshov, A. A. Lagatsky, A. V. Podlipensky, V. P. Mikhailov, E. Heumann, A. Diening, and G. Huber, “Highly efficient CW and pulsed lasing of Yb doped tungstates,” in Advanced Solid State Lasers, C.Pollock and W.Bosenberg, eds., Vol. 10 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 1997), paper SC3.

Huber, G.

N. V. Kuleshov, A. Alagatsky, A. V. Podlipensky, V. P. Mikhailov, and G. Huber, “Pulsed laser operation of Yb-doped KY(WO4)2 and KGd(WO4)2,” Opt. Lett. 22, 1317–1319 (1997).
[CrossRef]

N. V. Kuleshov, A. A. Lagatsky, A. V. Podlipensky, V. P. Mikhailov, E. Heumann, A. Diening, and G. Huber, “Highly efficient CW and pulsed lasing of Yb doped tungstates,” in Advanced Solid State Lasers, C.Pollock and W.Bosenberg, eds., Vol. 10 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 1997), paper SC3.

Jauregui, C.

Jeong, Y.

D. B. S. Soh, C. Codemard, S. Wang, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, F. Laurell, V. Philippov, Y. Jeong, C. Alegria, and S. Baek, “A 981nm Yb-doped fiber MOPA source and its frequency doubling,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1032–1034 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Jin, G. Y.

Y. F. Lü, X. H. Zhang, J. Xia, R. Chen, G. Y. Jin, J. G. Wang, C. L. Li, and Z. Y. Ma, “981 nm Yb:KYW laser intracavity pumped at 912nm and frequency-doubling for an emission at 490.5nm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7, 343–346 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Jouhti, T.

O. G. Okhotnikov, L. A. Gomes, N. Xiang, T. Jouhti, A. K. Chin, R. Singh, and A. B. Grudinin, “981nm picosecond fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1519–1521 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Krupke, W. F.

S. A. Payne, L. D. DeLoach, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, J. B. Tassano, W. F. Krupke, B. H. T. Chai, and G. Loutts, “Ytterbium-doped apatite-structure crystals: a new class of laser materials,” J. Appl. Phys. 76, 497–503 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Kuleshov, N. V.

A. A. Lagatsky, N. V. Kuleshov, and V. P. Mikhailov, “Diode-pumped CW lasing of Yb:KYW and Yb:KGW,” Opt. Commun. 165, 71–75 (1999).
[CrossRef]

N. V. Kuleshov, A. Alagatsky, A. V. Podlipensky, V. P. Mikhailov, and G. Huber, “Pulsed laser operation of Yb-doped KY(WO4)2 and KGd(WO4)2,” Opt. Lett. 22, 1317–1319 (1997).
[CrossRef]

N. V. Kuleshov, A. A. Lagatsky, A. V. Podlipensky, V. P. Mikhailov, E. Heumann, A. Diening, and G. Huber, “Highly efficient CW and pulsed lasing of Yb doped tungstates,” in Advanced Solid State Lasers, C.Pollock and W.Bosenberg, eds., Vol. 10 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 1997), paper SC3.

Kuzmin, A. N.

A. A. Demidovich, A. N. Kuzmin, G. I. Ryabtsev, M. B. Danailov, W. Strek, and A. N. Titov, “Influence of Yb concentration on Yb:KYW laser properties,” J. Alloys Compd. 300–301, 238–241(2000).
[CrossRef]

Kway, W. L.

S. A. Payne, L. D. DeLoach, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, J. B. Tassano, W. F. Krupke, B. H. T. Chai, and G. Loutts, “Ytterbium-doped apatite-structure crystals: a new class of laser materials,” J. Appl. Phys. 76, 497–503 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Lagatsky, A. A.

A. A. Lagatsky, N. V. Kuleshov, and V. P. Mikhailov, “Diode-pumped CW lasing of Yb:KYW and Yb:KGW,” Opt. Commun. 165, 71–75 (1999).
[CrossRef]

N. V. Kuleshov, A. A. Lagatsky, A. V. Podlipensky, V. P. Mikhailov, E. Heumann, A. Diening, and G. Huber, “Highly efficient CW and pulsed lasing of Yb doped tungstates,” in Advanced Solid State Lasers, C.Pollock and W.Bosenberg, eds., Vol. 10 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 1997), paper SC3.

Laurell, F.

D. B. S. Soh, C. Codemard, S. Wang, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, F. Laurell, V. Philippov, Y. Jeong, C. Alegria, and S. Baek, “A 981nm Yb-doped fiber MOPA source and its frequency doubling,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1032–1034 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Li, C. L.

Y. F. Lü, X. H. Zhang, J. Xia, R. Chen, G. Y. Jin, J. G. Wang, C. L. Li, and Z. Y. Ma, “981 nm Yb:KYW laser intracavity pumped at 912nm and frequency-doubling for an emission at 490.5nm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7, 343–346 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Limpert, J.

Loiseau, P.

Loutts, G.

S. A. Payne, L. D. DeLoach, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, J. B. Tassano, W. F. Krupke, B. H. T. Chai, and G. Loutts, “Ytterbium-doped apatite-structure crystals: a new class of laser materials,” J. Appl. Phys. 76, 497–503 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Lü, Y. F.

Y. F. Lü, X. H. Zhang, J. Xia, R. Chen, G. Y. Jin, J. G. Wang, C. L. Li, and Z. Y. Ma, “981 nm Yb:KYW laser intracavity pumped at 912nm and frequency-doubling for an emission at 490.5nm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7, 343–346 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lucas-Leclin, G.

A. Bouchier, G. Lucas-Leclin, and P. Georges, “Frequency doubling of an efficient continuous wave single-mode Yb-doped fiber laser at 978nm in a periodically-poled MgO:LiNbO3 waveguide,” Opt. Express 13, 6974–6979 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Bouchier, G. Lucas-Leclin, F. Balembois, and P. Georges, “Intense laser emission at 981nm in an Ytterbium-doped KY(WO4)2 crystal,” in Advanced Solid-State Photonics (TOPS), C.Denman and I.Sorokina, eds., Vol. 98 of OSA Trends Optics Photonics (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper TuB5.

Ma, Z. Y.

Y. F. Lü, X. H. Zhang, J. Xia, R. Chen, G. Y. Jin, J. G. Wang, C. L. Li, and Z. Y. Ma, “981 nm Yb:KYW laser intracavity pumped at 912nm and frequency-doubling for an emission at 490.5nm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7, 343–346 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Mackenzie, J. I.

Mikhailov, V. P.

A. A. Lagatsky, N. V. Kuleshov, and V. P. Mikhailov, “Diode-pumped CW lasing of Yb:KYW and Yb:KGW,” Opt. Commun. 165, 71–75 (1999).
[CrossRef]

N. V. Kuleshov, A. Alagatsky, A. V. Podlipensky, V. P. Mikhailov, and G. Huber, “Pulsed laser operation of Yb-doped KY(WO4)2 and KGd(WO4)2,” Opt. Lett. 22, 1317–1319 (1997).
[CrossRef]

N. V. Kuleshov, A. A. Lagatsky, A. V. Podlipensky, V. P. Mikhailov, E. Heumann, A. Diening, and G. Huber, “Highly efficient CW and pulsed lasing of Yb doped tungstates,” in Advanced Solid State Lasers, C.Pollock and W.Bosenberg, eds., Vol. 10 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 1997), paper SC3.

Mougel, F.

F. Augé, F. Druon, F. Balembois, P. Georges, A. Brun, F. Mougel, G. Aka, and D. Vivien, “Theoretical and experimental investigations of a diode-pumped quasi-three level laser: the Yb3+-doped Ca4GdO(BO3)3 (Yb:GdCOB) laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 598–606 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Nilsson, J.

D. B. S. Soh, C. Codemard, S. Wang, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, F. Laurell, V. Philippov, Y. Jeong, C. Alegria, and S. Baek, “A 981nm Yb-doped fiber MOPA source and its frequency doubling,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1032–1034 (2004).
[CrossRef]

K. H. Ylä-Jarkko, R. Selvas, D. B. S. Soh, J. K. Sahu, C. A. Codemard, J. Nilsson, S. A. Alam, and A. B. Grudinin, “A 3.5W977nm cladding pumped jacketed air clad ytterbium doped fiber laser,” in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, J.Zayhowski, ed., Vol. 83 of OSA Trends Optics Photonics (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper 103.

Okhotnikov, O. G.

O. G. Okhotnikov, L. A. Gomes, N. Xiang, T. Jouhti, A. K. Chin, R. Singh, and A. B. Grudinin, “981nm picosecond fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1519–1521 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Pasiskevicius, V.

Payne, S. A.

S. A. Payne, L. D. DeLoach, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, J. B. Tassano, W. F. Krupke, B. H. T. Chai, and G. Loutts, “Ytterbium-doped apatite-structure crystals: a new class of laser materials,” J. Appl. Phys. 76, 497–503 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Philippov, V.

D. B. S. Soh, C. Codemard, S. Wang, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, F. Laurell, V. Philippov, Y. Jeong, C. Alegria, and S. Baek, “A 981nm Yb-doped fiber MOPA source and its frequency doubling,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1032–1034 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Podlipensky, A. V.

N. V. Kuleshov, A. Alagatsky, A. V. Podlipensky, V. P. Mikhailov, and G. Huber, “Pulsed laser operation of Yb-doped KY(WO4)2 and KGd(WO4)2,” Opt. Lett. 22, 1317–1319 (1997).
[CrossRef]

N. V. Kuleshov, A. A. Lagatsky, A. V. Podlipensky, V. P. Mikhailov, E. Heumann, A. Diening, and G. Huber, “Highly efficient CW and pulsed lasing of Yb doped tungstates,” in Advanced Solid State Lasers, C.Pollock and W.Bosenberg, eds., Vol. 10 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 1997), paper SC3.

Röser, F.

Ryabtsev, G. I.

A. A. Demidovich, A. N. Kuzmin, G. I. Ryabtsev, M. B. Danailov, W. Strek, and A. N. Titov, “Influence of Yb concentration on Yb:KYW laser properties,” J. Alloys Compd. 300–301, 238–241(2000).
[CrossRef]

Saby, J.

Sahu, J. K.

D. B. S. Soh, C. Codemard, S. Wang, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, F. Laurell, V. Philippov, Y. Jeong, C. Alegria, and S. Baek, “A 981nm Yb-doped fiber MOPA source and its frequency doubling,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1032–1034 (2004).
[CrossRef]

K. H. Ylä-Jarkko, R. Selvas, D. B. S. Soh, J. K. Sahu, C. A. Codemard, J. Nilsson, S. A. Alam, and A. B. Grudinin, “A 3.5W977nm cladding pumped jacketed air clad ytterbium doped fiber laser,” in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, J.Zayhowski, ed., Vol. 83 of OSA Trends Optics Photonics (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper 103.

Salin, F.

Schaffers, K.

Selvas, R.

K. H. Ylä-Jarkko, R. Selvas, D. B. S. Soh, J. K. Sahu, C. A. Codemard, J. Nilsson, S. A. Alam, and A. B. Grudinin, “A 3.5W977nm cladding pumped jacketed air clad ytterbium doped fiber laser,” in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, J.Zayhowski, ed., Vol. 83 of OSA Trends Optics Photonics (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper 103.

Shepherd, D. P.

Singh, R.

O. G. Okhotnikov, L. A. Gomes, N. Xiang, T. Jouhti, A. K. Chin, R. Singh, and A. B. Grudinin, “981nm picosecond fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1519–1521 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Smith, L. K.

S. A. Payne, L. D. DeLoach, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, J. B. Tassano, W. F. Krupke, B. H. T. Chai, and G. Loutts, “Ytterbium-doped apatite-structure crystals: a new class of laser materials,” J. Appl. Phys. 76, 497–503 (1994).
[CrossRef]

So, S.

Soh, D. B. S.

D. B. S. Soh, C. Codemard, S. Wang, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, F. Laurell, V. Philippov, Y. Jeong, C. Alegria, and S. Baek, “A 981nm Yb-doped fiber MOPA source and its frequency doubling,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1032–1034 (2004).
[CrossRef]

K. H. Ylä-Jarkko, R. Selvas, D. B. S. Soh, J. K. Sahu, C. A. Codemard, J. Nilsson, S. A. Alam, and A. B. Grudinin, “A 3.5W977nm cladding pumped jacketed air clad ytterbium doped fiber laser,” in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, J.Zayhowski, ed., Vol. 83 of OSA Trends Optics Photonics (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper 103.

Strek, W.

A. A. Demidovich, A. N. Kuzmin, G. I. Ryabtsev, M. B. Danailov, W. Strek, and A. N. Titov, “Influence of Yb concentration on Yb:KYW laser properties,” J. Alloys Compd. 300–301, 238–241(2000).
[CrossRef]

Tassano, J.

Tassano, J. B.

S. A. Payne, L. D. DeLoach, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, J. B. Tassano, W. F. Krupke, B. H. T. Chai, and G. Loutts, “Ytterbium-doped apatite-structure crystals: a new class of laser materials,” J. Appl. Phys. 76, 497–503 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Terry, J. A. C.

Titov, A. N.

A. A. Demidovich, A. N. Kuzmin, G. I. Ryabtsev, M. B. Danailov, W. Strek, and A. N. Titov, “Influence of Yb concentration on Yb:KYW laser properties,” J. Alloys Compd. 300–301, 238–241(2000).
[CrossRef]

Tünnermann, A.

Varona, C.

Vivien, D.

F. Augé, F. Druon, F. Balembois, P. Georges, A. Brun, F. Mougel, G. Aka, and D. Vivien, “Theoretical and experimental investigations of a diode-pumped quasi-three level laser: the Yb3+-doped Ca4GdO(BO3)3 (Yb:GdCOB) laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 598–606 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J. G.

Y. F. Lü, X. H. Zhang, J. Xia, R. Chen, G. Y. Jin, J. G. Wang, C. L. Li, and Z. Y. Ma, “981 nm Yb:KYW laser intracavity pumped at 912nm and frequency-doubling for an emission at 490.5nm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7, 343–346 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wang, S.

D. B. S. Soh, C. Codemard, S. Wang, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, F. Laurell, V. Philippov, Y. Jeong, C. Alegria, and S. Baek, “A 981nm Yb-doped fiber MOPA source and its frequency doubling,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1032–1034 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Xia, J.

Y. F. Lü, X. H. Zhang, J. Xia, R. Chen, G. Y. Jin, J. G. Wang, C. L. Li, and Z. Y. Ma, “981 nm Yb:KYW laser intracavity pumped at 912nm and frequency-doubling for an emission at 490.5nm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7, 343–346 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Xiang, N.

O. G. Okhotnikov, L. A. Gomes, N. Xiang, T. Jouhti, A. K. Chin, R. Singh, and A. B. Grudinin, “981nm picosecond fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1519–1521 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ylä-Jarkko, K. H.

K. H. Ylä-Jarkko, R. Selvas, D. B. S. Soh, J. K. Sahu, C. A. Codemard, J. Nilsson, S. A. Alam, and A. B. Grudinin, “A 3.5W977nm cladding pumped jacketed air clad ytterbium doped fiber laser,” in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, J.Zayhowski, ed., Vol. 83 of OSA Trends Optics Photonics (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper 103.

Zaouter, Y.

Zhang, X. H.

Y. F. Lü, X. H. Zhang, J. Xia, R. Chen, G. Y. Jin, J. G. Wang, C. L. Li, and Z. Y. Ma, “981 nm Yb:KYW laser intracavity pumped at 912nm and frequency-doubling for an emission at 490.5nm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7, 343–346 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

F. Augé, F. Druon, F. Balembois, P. Georges, A. Brun, F. Mougel, G. Aka, and D. Vivien, “Theoretical and experimental investigations of a diode-pumped quasi-three level laser: the Yb3+-doped Ca4GdO(BO3)3 (Yb:GdCOB) laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 598–606 (2000).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

O. G. Okhotnikov, L. A. Gomes, N. Xiang, T. Jouhti, A. K. Chin, R. Singh, and A. B. Grudinin, “981nm picosecond fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1519–1521 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. B. S. Soh, C. Codemard, S. Wang, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, F. Laurell, V. Philippov, Y. Jeong, C. Alegria, and S. Baek, “A 981nm Yb-doped fiber MOPA source and its frequency doubling,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1032–1034 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Alloys Compd. (1)

A. A. Demidovich, A. N. Kuzmin, G. I. Ryabtsev, M. B. Danailov, W. Strek, and A. N. Titov, “Influence of Yb concentration on Yb:KYW laser properties,” J. Alloys Compd. 300–301, 238–241(2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

S. A. Payne, L. D. DeLoach, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, J. B. Tassano, W. F. Krupke, B. H. T. Chai, and G. Loutts, “Ytterbium-doped apatite-structure crystals: a new class of laser materials,” J. Appl. Phys. 76, 497–503 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Laser Phys. Lett. (1)

Y. F. Lü, X. H. Zhang, J. Xia, R. Chen, G. Y. Jin, J. G. Wang, C. L. Li, and Z. Y. Ma, “981 nm Yb:KYW laser intracavity pumped at 912nm and frequency-doubling for an emission at 490.5nm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7, 343–346 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

A. A. Lagatsky, N. V. Kuleshov, and V. P. Mikhailov, “Diode-pumped CW lasing of Yb:KYW and Yb:KGW,” Opt. Commun. 165, 71–75 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Proc. SPIE (1)

M. Castaing, F. Balembois, P. Georges, and T. Georges, “Diode-pumped Yb :KYW laser emitting at 981nm by intracavity pumping,” Proc. SPIE 7193, 71930J (2009)
[CrossRef]

Other (4)

Eksma Optics, “Yb:KGW and Yb:KYW crystals,” http://www.eksmaoptics.com/en/p/yb-kgw-and-yb-kyw-crystals-498?t=brochures.

A. Bouchier, G. Lucas-Leclin, F. Balembois, and P. Georges, “Intense laser emission at 981nm in an Ytterbium-doped KY(WO4)2 crystal,” in Advanced Solid-State Photonics (TOPS), C.Denman and I.Sorokina, eds., Vol. 98 of OSA Trends Optics Photonics (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper TuB5.

K. H. Ylä-Jarkko, R. Selvas, D. B. S. Soh, J. K. Sahu, C. A. Codemard, J. Nilsson, S. A. Alam, and A. B. Grudinin, “A 3.5W977nm cladding pumped jacketed air clad ytterbium doped fiber laser,” in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, J.Zayhowski, ed., Vol. 83 of OSA Trends Optics Photonics (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper 103.

N. V. Kuleshov, A. A. Lagatsky, A. V. Podlipensky, V. P. Mikhailov, E. Heumann, A. Diening, and G. Huber, “Highly efficient CW and pulsed lasing of Yb doped tungstates,” in Advanced Solid State Lasers, C.Pollock and W.Bosenberg, eds., Vol. 10 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 1997), paper SC3.

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Figures (12)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Energy levels in Yb:KYW and Yb:KGW and associated emission wavelengths.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Basic principle for Yb:KYW intracavity pumping.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Experimental setup for laser operation at 981 nm under intracavity pumping. M 1 , M 2 , and M 3 are highly reflective mirrors at both 914 and 981 nm and highly transmissive at 1064 nm . M 1 , is the output coupler at 981 nm , and it is also highly reflective at 914 nm .

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Computed optimum output coupling for the Nd : YVO 4 laser pumped at 23 W . The passive losses are fixed to 3% at 914 nm to take the different mirrors into account. The absorptions of our Yb:KYW are given in double pass.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Small signal gain calculated at 981, 1000, and 1023 nm as a function of the intracavity pump power at 914 nm . For the three wavelengths, the beam size w λ is equal to 50 μm .

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Threshold cavity transmission T th at the three wavelengths of interest (981, 1000, and 1023 nm ) for different intracavity powers at 914 nm . The arrows show the moving of T th when the intracavity power increases.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Laser emission at 981 nm as a function of the pump power for the Nd : YVO 4 laser (at 808 nm ).

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Threshold cavity transmission T th and cavity transmission in two cases ( T 1 and T 2 ) corresponding to different mirrors M 4 .

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Shape of cavity transmission for laser action at 981 nm in two cases. Case 1 has a high output coupling and a flat transmission curve ( T flat ( λ ) ). Case 2 has a highly reflective cavity ( T ( λ ) for HR cavity at 981 nm ).

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Relative variation of cross sections at 981 and 1000 nm versus the temperature. The references are the cross sections at 300 K . The curves for the effective emission cross sections are superimposed.

Fig. 11
Fig. 11

Threshold cavity transmission versus temperature at 981 and 1000 nm for an intracavity pump power of 32 W at 914 nm .

Fig. 12
Fig. 12

Threshold cavity transmission T th and cavity transmission ( T 1 ) for three temperatures: 300, 360, and 400 K for an intracavity pump power of 32 W at 914 nm .

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Comparison of the Spectroscopic Properties at 981 nm for Yb:KGW and Yb:KYW

Tables Icon

Table 2 Comparison of the Gain Cross Section at 1000 nm and 997 nm for Yb:KYW and Yb:KGW, Respectively, for a Transparency at 981 nm

Equations (9)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

σ g = ( σ el + σ al ) · x σ al ,
g 0 ( r , λ , P 914 ) = n t σ el ( λ ) · σ ap 2 P 914 h ν 914 π w 914 2 exp ( 2 r 2 w 914 2 ) σ al ( λ ) τ σ ap 2 P 914 h ν 914 π w 914 2 exp ( 2 r 2 w 914 2 ) + 1 τ ,
G 0 ( λ , P 914 ) = Exp ( l · 0 r 4 g 0 ( r , λ , P 914 ) w λ 2 · exp ( 2 r 2 w λ 2 ) r d r ) ,
T ( λ ) = T 1 ( λ ) + T 2 ( λ ) + T 3 ( λ ) + T 4 ( λ ) + L ,
T th ( λ , P 914 ) = 1 1 G 0 2 ( λ , P 914 ) .
σ al ( T ) = σ al ( T 0 ) f a ( T ) f a ( T 0 )
f a ( T ) = exp ( E l k T ) i exp ( E i k T ) ,
σ el ( T ) = σ el ( T 0 ) f e ( T ) f e ( T 0 )
f e ( T ) = exp ( E 2 k T ) j exp ( E j k T ) ,

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