Abstract

The broadband parametric upconverted conical emission (CE) has been investigated in a β-barium borate crystal with phase matching angles away from second harmonic generation. A broad range of CE from 340 to 800 nm has been observed by varying the crystal thickness and the incident energy of the pump beam. It has been found that the tunability range can be increased with the thickness of the medium. The CE spectra and their angular positions have been measured and found to match with those calculated from recent theoretical models.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. G. S. He, Q. Zheng, A. Baev, and P. N. Prasad, “Saturation of multiphoton absorption upon strong and ultrafast infrared laser excitation,” J. Appl. Phys. 101, 083108 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  2. A. Q. Wu, I. H. Chowdhury, and X. Xu, “Plasma formation in fused silica induced by loosely focused femtosecond laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 111502 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  3. H. Yui, T. Kitamori, and T. Sawada, “Enhancement of stimulated Raman scattering in laser-induced plasma formation in solvent mixture,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 306, 325–329 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  4. W. Chałupczak, W. Gawlik, and J. Zachorowski, “Conical emission as cooperative fluorescence,” Phys. Rev. A 49, R2227–R2230 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. G. G. Luther, A. C. Newell, J. V. Moloney, and E. M. Wright, “Short-pulse conical emission and spectral broadening in normally dispersive media,” Opt. Lett. 19, 789–791 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. R. Malendevich, L. Jankovic, G. Stegeman, and J. S. Aitchison, “Spatial modulation instability in a Kerr slab waveguide,” Opt. Lett. 26, 1879–1881 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  7. S. Trillo, C. Conti, P. D. Trapani, O. Jedrkiewicz, J. Trull, G. Valiulis, and G. Bellanca, “Colored conical emission by means of second-harmonic generation,” Opt. Lett. 27, 1451–1453 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  8. J. Krasinski, D. J. Gauthier, M. S. Malcuit, and R. W. Boyd, “Two-photon conical emission,” Opt. Commun. 54, 241–245 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  9. M. E. Crenshaw and C. D. Cantrell, “Conical emission as a result of pulse breakup into solitary waves,” Phys. Rev. A 39, 126–148 (1989).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. J. F. Valley, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, J. W. Grantham, and X. Jiajin, “CW conical emission: First comparison and agreement between theory and experiment,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 2362–2365 (1990).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. S. L. Chin, S. A. Hosseini, W. Liu, Q. Luo, F. Théberge, N. Aközbek, A. Becker, V. P. Kandidov, O. G. Kosareva, and H. Schroeder, “The propagation of powerful femtosecond laser pulses in optical media: physics, applications, and new challenges,” Can. J. Phys. 83, 863–905 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  12. Y. Li, Z. Ji, J. Liu, Z. Zeng, X. Ge, X. Li, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Conical emission by femtosecond pulses with different spectral bandwidths,” Opt. Commun. 281, 4780–4783 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  13. I. S. Golubtsov and O. G. Kosareva, “Influence of various physical factors on the generation of conical emission in the propagation of high-power femtosecond laser pulses in air,” J. Opt. Technol. 69, 462–467 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  14. R. C. Hart, L. You, A. Gallagher, and J. Cooper, “Failures of the four-wave mixing model for cone emission,” Opt. Commun. 111, 331–337 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  15. W. Liu, S. A. Hosseini, Q. Luo, B. Ferland, S. L. Chin, O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, and V. P. Kandidov, “Experimental observation and simulations of the self-action of white light laser pulse propagating in air,” New J. Phys. 6, 1–22 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  16. P. Maioli, R. Salamé, N. Lascoux, E. Salmon, P. Béjot, J. Kasparian, and J.-P. Wolf, “Ultraviolet-visible conical emission by multiple laser filaments,” Opt. Express 17, 4726–4731 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. F. Théberge, M. Châteauneuf, V. Ross, P. Mathieu, and J. Dubois, “Ultrabroadband conical emission generated from the ultraviolet up to the far-infrared during the optical filamentation in air,” Opt. Lett. 33, 2515–2517 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. A. Nautiyal and P. B. Bisht, “Broadly tunable parametric line emission from β-barium borate on pumping with picosecond pulses,” Opt. Commun. 281, 3351–3355 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  19. H. Zeng, J. Wu, H. Xu, K. Wu, and E. Wu, “Colored conical emission by means of second harmonic generation in a quadratically nonlinear medium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 143903 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. B. Jie, L. Yu-Hua, Y. Juan-Juan, and L. Pei-Xiang, “Coloured conical emission in BBO crystal pumped by second harmonic femtosecond pulses,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 26, 014207 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  21. A. Nautiyal and P. B. Bisht, “Sum and difference frequency generation of white light continuum with the ps pulses of Nd+3:YAG laser in a thick BBO crystal,” Opt. Commun. 278, 175–179 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  22. J. Sun, S. Zhang, T. Jia, Z. Wang, and Z. Sun, “Femtosecond spontaneous parametric upconversion and downconversion in a quadratic nonlinear medium,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26, 549–553 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  23. D. Faccio, P. Di Trapani, S. Minardi, A. Bramati, F. Bragheri, C. Liberale, V. Degiorgio, A. Dubietis, and A. Matijosius, “Far-field spectral characterization of conical emission and filamentation in Kerr media,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 862–869 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  24. K. Kato, “Second-harmonic generation to 2048 Å in β-BaB2O4,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 22, 1013–1014 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  25. A. Nautiyal, P. B. Bisht, K. S. Bindra, and S. M. Oak, “Effects of thickness of β-barium borate and angle of non-collinearity on the fs pulse generation by optical parametric amplification,” Opt. Laser Technol. 41, 539–544 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  26. V. Vaičaitis, “Cherenkov-type phase matching in bulk KDP crystal,” Opt. Commun. 209, 485–490 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  27. R. L. Sutherland, Handbook of Nonlinear Optics (Marcel Dekker, 2003).
    [CrossRef]
  28. L. You, J. Mostowski, J. Cooper, and R. Shuker, “Cone emission from laser-pumped two-level atoms,” Phys. Rev. A 44, R6998–R7001 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  29. I. Golub, “Optical characteristics of supercontinuum generation,” Opt. Lett. 15, 305–307 (1990).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  30. C. Conti, S. Trillo, P. D. Trapani, G. Valiulis, A. Piskarskas, O. Jedrkiewicz, and J. Trull, “Nonlinear electromagnetic X waves,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 170406 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  31. D. Faccio, M. A. Porras, A. Dubietis, G. Tamošauskas, E. Kučinskas, A. Couairon, and P. D. Trapani, “Angular and chromatic dispersion in Kerr-driven conical emission,” Opt. Commun. 265, 672–677 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  32. D. Faccio, A. Averchi, A. Lotti, P. Di Trapani, A. Couairon, D. Papazoglou, and S. Tzortzakis, “Ultrashortlaser pulse filamentation from spontaneous X wave formation in air,” Opt. Express 16, 1565–1570 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  33. M. Kolesik, E. M. Wright, and J. V. Moloney, “Dynamic nonlinear X waves for femtosecond pulse propagation in water,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 253901 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  34. D. Salerno, O. Jedrkiewicz, J. Trull, G. Valiulis, A. Picozzi, and P. D. Trapani, “Noise-seeded spatiotemporal modulation instability in normal dispersion,” Phys. Rev. E 70, 065603(R) (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  35. M. A. Porras, S. Trillo, C. Conti, and P. D. Trapani, “Paraxial envelope X waves,” Opt. Lett. 28, 1090–1092 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (4)

P. Maioli, R. Salamé, N. Lascoux, E. Salmon, P. Béjot, J. Kasparian, and J.-P. Wolf, “Ultraviolet-visible conical emission by multiple laser filaments,” Opt. Express 17, 4726–4731 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Jie, L. Yu-Hua, Y. Juan-Juan, and L. Pei-Xiang, “Coloured conical emission in BBO crystal pumped by second harmonic femtosecond pulses,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 26, 014207 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Sun, S. Zhang, T. Jia, Z. Wang, and Z. Sun, “Femtosecond spontaneous parametric upconversion and downconversion in a quadratic nonlinear medium,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26, 549–553 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Nautiyal, P. B. Bisht, K. S. Bindra, and S. M. Oak, “Effects of thickness of β-barium borate and angle of non-collinearity on the fs pulse generation by optical parametric amplification,” Opt. Laser Technol. 41, 539–544 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (4)

D. Faccio, A. Averchi, A. Lotti, P. Di Trapani, A. Couairon, D. Papazoglou, and S. Tzortzakis, “Ultrashortlaser pulse filamentation from spontaneous X wave formation in air,” Opt. Express 16, 1565–1570 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Théberge, M. Châteauneuf, V. Ross, P. Mathieu, and J. Dubois, “Ultrabroadband conical emission generated from the ultraviolet up to the far-infrared during the optical filamentation in air,” Opt. Lett. 33, 2515–2517 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Nautiyal and P. B. Bisht, “Broadly tunable parametric line emission from β-barium borate on pumping with picosecond pulses,” Opt. Commun. 281, 3351–3355 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. Li, Z. Ji, J. Liu, Z. Zeng, X. Ge, X. Li, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Conical emission by femtosecond pulses with different spectral bandwidths,” Opt. Commun. 281, 4780–4783 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

G. S. He, Q. Zheng, A. Baev, and P. N. Prasad, “Saturation of multiphoton absorption upon strong and ultrafast infrared laser excitation,” J. Appl. Phys. 101, 083108 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Nautiyal and P. B. Bisht, “Sum and difference frequency generation of white light continuum with the ps pulses of Nd+3:YAG laser in a thick BBO crystal,” Opt. Commun. 278, 175–179 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

D. Faccio, M. A. Porras, A. Dubietis, G. Tamošauskas, E. Kučinskas, A. Couairon, and P. D. Trapani, “Angular and chromatic dispersion in Kerr-driven conical emission,” Opt. Commun. 265, 672–677 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Q. Wu, I. H. Chowdhury, and X. Xu, “Plasma formation in fused silica induced by loosely focused femtosecond laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 111502 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

S. L. Chin, S. A. Hosseini, W. Liu, Q. Luo, F. Théberge, N. Aközbek, A. Becker, V. P. Kandidov, O. G. Kosareva, and H. Schroeder, “The propagation of powerful femtosecond laser pulses in optical media: physics, applications, and new challenges,” Can. J. Phys. 83, 863–905 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. Faccio, P. Di Trapani, S. Minardi, A. Bramati, F. Bragheri, C. Liberale, V. Degiorgio, A. Dubietis, and A. Matijosius, “Far-field spectral characterization of conical emission and filamentation in Kerr media,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 862–869 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (4)

W. Liu, S. A. Hosseini, Q. Luo, B. Ferland, S. L. Chin, O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, and V. P. Kandidov, “Experimental observation and simulations of the self-action of white light laser pulse propagating in air,” New J. Phys. 6, 1–22 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Kolesik, E. M. Wright, and J. V. Moloney, “Dynamic nonlinear X waves for femtosecond pulse propagation in water,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 253901 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Salerno, O. Jedrkiewicz, J. Trull, G. Valiulis, A. Picozzi, and P. D. Trapani, “Noise-seeded spatiotemporal modulation instability in normal dispersion,” Phys. Rev. E 70, 065603(R) (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. Zeng, J. Wu, H. Xu, K. Wu, and E. Wu, “Colored conical emission by means of second harmonic generation in a quadratically nonlinear medium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 143903 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (3)

M. A. Porras, S. Trillo, C. Conti, and P. D. Trapani, “Paraxial envelope X waves,” Opt. Lett. 28, 1090–1092 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Conti, S. Trillo, P. D. Trapani, G. Valiulis, A. Piskarskas, O. Jedrkiewicz, and J. Trull, “Nonlinear electromagnetic X waves,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 170406 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. L. Sutherland, Handbook of Nonlinear Optics (Marcel Dekker, 2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (3)

2001 (1)

1999 (1)

H. Yui, T. Kitamori, and T. Sawada, “Enhancement of stimulated Raman scattering in laser-induced plasma formation in solvent mixture,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 306, 325–329 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1994 (3)

W. Chałupczak, W. Gawlik, and J. Zachorowski, “Conical emission as cooperative fluorescence,” Phys. Rev. A 49, R2227–R2230 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. G. Luther, A. C. Newell, J. V. Moloney, and E. M. Wright, “Short-pulse conical emission and spectral broadening in normally dispersive media,” Opt. Lett. 19, 789–791 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. C. Hart, L. You, A. Gallagher, and J. Cooper, “Failures of the four-wave mixing model for cone emission,” Opt. Commun. 111, 331–337 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

L. You, J. Mostowski, J. Cooper, and R. Shuker, “Cone emission from laser-pumped two-level atoms,” Phys. Rev. A 44, R6998–R7001 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1990 (2)

I. Golub, “Optical characteristics of supercontinuum generation,” Opt. Lett. 15, 305–307 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. F. Valley, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, J. W. Grantham, and X. Jiajin, “CW conical emission: First comparison and agreement between theory and experiment,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 2362–2365 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1989 (1)

M. E. Crenshaw and C. D. Cantrell, “Conical emission as a result of pulse breakup into solitary waves,” Phys. Rev. A 39, 126–148 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1986 (1)

K. Kato, “Second-harmonic generation to 2048 Å in β-BaB2O4,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 22, 1013–1014 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1985 (1)

J. Krasinski, D. J. Gauthier, M. S. Malcuit, and R. W. Boyd, “Two-photon conical emission,” Opt. Commun. 54, 241–245 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Aitchison, J. S.

Aközbek, N.

S. L. Chin, S. A. Hosseini, W. Liu, Q. Luo, F. Théberge, N. Aközbek, A. Becker, V. P. Kandidov, O. G. Kosareva, and H. Schroeder, “The propagation of powerful femtosecond laser pulses in optical media: physics, applications, and new challenges,” Can. J. Phys. 83, 863–905 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Averchi, A.

Baev, A.

G. S. He, Q. Zheng, A. Baev, and P. N. Prasad, “Saturation of multiphoton absorption upon strong and ultrafast infrared laser excitation,” J. Appl. Phys. 101, 083108 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Becker, A.

S. L. Chin, S. A. Hosseini, W. Liu, Q. Luo, F. Théberge, N. Aközbek, A. Becker, V. P. Kandidov, O. G. Kosareva, and H. Schroeder, “The propagation of powerful femtosecond laser pulses in optical media: physics, applications, and new challenges,” Can. J. Phys. 83, 863–905 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Béjot, P.

Bellanca, G.

Bindra, K. S.

A. Nautiyal, P. B. Bisht, K. S. Bindra, and S. M. Oak, “Effects of thickness of β-barium borate and angle of non-collinearity on the fs pulse generation by optical parametric amplification,” Opt. Laser Technol. 41, 539–544 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bisht, P. B.

A. Nautiyal, P. B. Bisht, K. S. Bindra, and S. M. Oak, “Effects of thickness of β-barium borate and angle of non-collinearity on the fs pulse generation by optical parametric amplification,” Opt. Laser Technol. 41, 539–544 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Nautiyal and P. B. Bisht, “Broadly tunable parametric line emission from β-barium borate on pumping with picosecond pulses,” Opt. Commun. 281, 3351–3355 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Nautiyal and P. B. Bisht, “Sum and difference frequency generation of white light continuum with the ps pulses of Nd+3:YAG laser in a thick BBO crystal,” Opt. Commun. 278, 175–179 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Boyd, R. W.

J. Krasinski, D. J. Gauthier, M. S. Malcuit, and R. W. Boyd, “Two-photon conical emission,” Opt. Commun. 54, 241–245 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Bragheri, F.

Bramati, A.

Cantrell, C. D.

M. E. Crenshaw and C. D. Cantrell, “Conical emission as a result of pulse breakup into solitary waves,” Phys. Rev. A 39, 126–148 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chalupczak, W.

W. Chałupczak, W. Gawlik, and J. Zachorowski, “Conical emission as cooperative fluorescence,” Phys. Rev. A 49, R2227–R2230 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Châteauneuf, M.

Chin, S. L.

S. L. Chin, S. A. Hosseini, W. Liu, Q. Luo, F. Théberge, N. Aközbek, A. Becker, V. P. Kandidov, O. G. Kosareva, and H. Schroeder, “The propagation of powerful femtosecond laser pulses in optical media: physics, applications, and new challenges,” Can. J. Phys. 83, 863–905 (2005).
[CrossRef]

W. Liu, S. A. Hosseini, Q. Luo, B. Ferland, S. L. Chin, O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, and V. P. Kandidov, “Experimental observation and simulations of the self-action of white light laser pulse propagating in air,” New J. Phys. 6, 1–22 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chowdhury, I. H.

A. Q. Wu, I. H. Chowdhury, and X. Xu, “Plasma formation in fused silica induced by loosely focused femtosecond laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 111502 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Conti, C.

Cooper, J.

R. C. Hart, L. You, A. Gallagher, and J. Cooper, “Failures of the four-wave mixing model for cone emission,” Opt. Commun. 111, 331–337 (1994).
[CrossRef]

L. You, J. Mostowski, J. Cooper, and R. Shuker, “Cone emission from laser-pumped two-level atoms,” Phys. Rev. A 44, R6998–R7001 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Couairon, A.

D. Faccio, A. Averchi, A. Lotti, P. Di Trapani, A. Couairon, D. Papazoglou, and S. Tzortzakis, “Ultrashortlaser pulse filamentation from spontaneous X wave formation in air,” Opt. Express 16, 1565–1570 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Faccio, M. A. Porras, A. Dubietis, G. Tamošauskas, E. Kučinskas, A. Couairon, and P. D. Trapani, “Angular and chromatic dispersion in Kerr-driven conical emission,” Opt. Commun. 265, 672–677 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Crenshaw, M. E.

M. E. Crenshaw and C. D. Cantrell, “Conical emission as a result of pulse breakup into solitary waves,” Phys. Rev. A 39, 126–148 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Degiorgio, V.

Di Trapani, P.

Dubietis, A.

D. Faccio, M. A. Porras, A. Dubietis, G. Tamošauskas, E. Kučinskas, A. Couairon, and P. D. Trapani, “Angular and chromatic dispersion in Kerr-driven conical emission,” Opt. Commun. 265, 672–677 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. Faccio, P. Di Trapani, S. Minardi, A. Bramati, F. Bragheri, C. Liberale, V. Degiorgio, A. Dubietis, and A. Matijosius, “Far-field spectral characterization of conical emission and filamentation in Kerr media,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 862–869 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Dubois, J.

Faccio, D.

Ferland, B.

W. Liu, S. A. Hosseini, Q. Luo, B. Ferland, S. L. Chin, O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, and V. P. Kandidov, “Experimental observation and simulations of the self-action of white light laser pulse propagating in air,” New J. Phys. 6, 1–22 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Gallagher, A.

R. C. Hart, L. You, A. Gallagher, and J. Cooper, “Failures of the four-wave mixing model for cone emission,” Opt. Commun. 111, 331–337 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Gauthier, D. J.

J. Krasinski, D. J. Gauthier, M. S. Malcuit, and R. W. Boyd, “Two-photon conical emission,” Opt. Commun. 54, 241–245 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Gawlik, W.

W. Chałupczak, W. Gawlik, and J. Zachorowski, “Conical emission as cooperative fluorescence,” Phys. Rev. A 49, R2227–R2230 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ge, X.

Y. Li, Z. Ji, J. Liu, Z. Zeng, X. Ge, X. Li, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Conical emission by femtosecond pulses with different spectral bandwidths,” Opt. Commun. 281, 4780–4783 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Gibbs, H. M.

J. F. Valley, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, J. W. Grantham, and X. Jiajin, “CW conical emission: First comparison and agreement between theory and experiment,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 2362–2365 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Golub, I.

Golubtsov, I. S.

Grantham, J. W.

J. F. Valley, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, J. W. Grantham, and X. Jiajin, “CW conical emission: First comparison and agreement between theory and experiment,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 2362–2365 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hart, R. C.

R. C. Hart, L. You, A. Gallagher, and J. Cooper, “Failures of the four-wave mixing model for cone emission,” Opt. Commun. 111, 331–337 (1994).
[CrossRef]

He, G. S.

G. S. He, Q. Zheng, A. Baev, and P. N. Prasad, “Saturation of multiphoton absorption upon strong and ultrafast infrared laser excitation,” J. Appl. Phys. 101, 083108 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hosseini, S. A.

S. L. Chin, S. A. Hosseini, W. Liu, Q. Luo, F. Théberge, N. Aközbek, A. Becker, V. P. Kandidov, O. G. Kosareva, and H. Schroeder, “The propagation of powerful femtosecond laser pulses in optical media: physics, applications, and new challenges,” Can. J. Phys. 83, 863–905 (2005).
[CrossRef]

W. Liu, S. A. Hosseini, Q. Luo, B. Ferland, S. L. Chin, O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, and V. P. Kandidov, “Experimental observation and simulations of the self-action of white light laser pulse propagating in air,” New J. Phys. 6, 1–22 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Jankovic, L.

Jedrkiewicz, O.

D. Salerno, O. Jedrkiewicz, J. Trull, G. Valiulis, A. Picozzi, and P. D. Trapani, “Noise-seeded spatiotemporal modulation instability in normal dispersion,” Phys. Rev. E 70, 065603(R) (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. Conti, S. Trillo, P. D. Trapani, G. Valiulis, A. Piskarskas, O. Jedrkiewicz, and J. Trull, “Nonlinear electromagnetic X waves,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 170406 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Trillo, C. Conti, P. D. Trapani, O. Jedrkiewicz, J. Trull, G. Valiulis, and G. Bellanca, “Colored conical emission by means of second-harmonic generation,” Opt. Lett. 27, 1451–1453 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ji, Z.

Y. Li, Z. Ji, J. Liu, Z. Zeng, X. Ge, X. Li, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Conical emission by femtosecond pulses with different spectral bandwidths,” Opt. Commun. 281, 4780–4783 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Jia, T.

Jiajin, X.

J. F. Valley, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, J. W. Grantham, and X. Jiajin, “CW conical emission: First comparison and agreement between theory and experiment,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 2362–2365 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jie, B.

B. Jie, L. Yu-Hua, Y. Juan-Juan, and L. Pei-Xiang, “Coloured conical emission in BBO crystal pumped by second harmonic femtosecond pulses,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 26, 014207 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Juan-Juan, Y.

B. Jie, L. Yu-Hua, Y. Juan-Juan, and L. Pei-Xiang, “Coloured conical emission in BBO crystal pumped by second harmonic femtosecond pulses,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 26, 014207 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kandidov, V. P.

S. L. Chin, S. A. Hosseini, W. Liu, Q. Luo, F. Théberge, N. Aközbek, A. Becker, V. P. Kandidov, O. G. Kosareva, and H. Schroeder, “The propagation of powerful femtosecond laser pulses in optical media: physics, applications, and new challenges,” Can. J. Phys. 83, 863–905 (2005).
[CrossRef]

W. Liu, S. A. Hosseini, Q. Luo, B. Ferland, S. L. Chin, O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, and V. P. Kandidov, “Experimental observation and simulations of the self-action of white light laser pulse propagating in air,” New J. Phys. 6, 1–22 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kasparian, J.

Kato, K.

K. Kato, “Second-harmonic generation to 2048 Å in β-BaB2O4,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 22, 1013–1014 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Khitrova, G.

J. F. Valley, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, J. W. Grantham, and X. Jiajin, “CW conical emission: First comparison and agreement between theory and experiment,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 2362–2365 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kitamori, T.

H. Yui, T. Kitamori, and T. Sawada, “Enhancement of stimulated Raman scattering in laser-induced plasma formation in solvent mixture,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 306, 325–329 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kolesik, M.

M. Kolesik, E. M. Wright, and J. V. Moloney, “Dynamic nonlinear X waves for femtosecond pulse propagation in water,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 253901 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kosareva, O. G.

S. L. Chin, S. A. Hosseini, W. Liu, Q. Luo, F. Théberge, N. Aközbek, A. Becker, V. P. Kandidov, O. G. Kosareva, and H. Schroeder, “The propagation of powerful femtosecond laser pulses in optical media: physics, applications, and new challenges,” Can. J. Phys. 83, 863–905 (2005).
[CrossRef]

W. Liu, S. A. Hosseini, Q. Luo, B. Ferland, S. L. Chin, O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, and V. P. Kandidov, “Experimental observation and simulations of the self-action of white light laser pulse propagating in air,” New J. Phys. 6, 1–22 (2004).
[CrossRef]

I. S. Golubtsov and O. G. Kosareva, “Influence of various physical factors on the generation of conical emission in the propagation of high-power femtosecond laser pulses in air,” J. Opt. Technol. 69, 462–467 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Krasinski, J.

J. Krasinski, D. J. Gauthier, M. S. Malcuit, and R. W. Boyd, “Two-photon conical emission,” Opt. Commun. 54, 241–245 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Kucinskas, E.

D. Faccio, M. A. Porras, A. Dubietis, G. Tamošauskas, E. Kučinskas, A. Couairon, and P. D. Trapani, “Angular and chromatic dispersion in Kerr-driven conical emission,” Opt. Commun. 265, 672–677 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lascoux, N.

Li, R.

Y. Li, Z. Ji, J. Liu, Z. Zeng, X. Ge, X. Li, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Conical emission by femtosecond pulses with different spectral bandwidths,” Opt. Commun. 281, 4780–4783 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Li, X.

Y. Li, Z. Ji, J. Liu, Z. Zeng, X. Ge, X. Li, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Conical emission by femtosecond pulses with different spectral bandwidths,” Opt. Commun. 281, 4780–4783 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Li, Y.

Y. Li, Z. Ji, J. Liu, Z. Zeng, X. Ge, X. Li, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Conical emission by femtosecond pulses with different spectral bandwidths,” Opt. Commun. 281, 4780–4783 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Liberale, C.

Liu, J.

Y. Li, Z. Ji, J. Liu, Z. Zeng, X. Ge, X. Li, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Conical emission by femtosecond pulses with different spectral bandwidths,” Opt. Commun. 281, 4780–4783 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Liu, W.

S. L. Chin, S. A. Hosseini, W. Liu, Q. Luo, F. Théberge, N. Aközbek, A. Becker, V. P. Kandidov, O. G. Kosareva, and H. Schroeder, “The propagation of powerful femtosecond laser pulses in optical media: physics, applications, and new challenges,” Can. J. Phys. 83, 863–905 (2005).
[CrossRef]

W. Liu, S. A. Hosseini, Q. Luo, B. Ferland, S. L. Chin, O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, and V. P. Kandidov, “Experimental observation and simulations of the self-action of white light laser pulse propagating in air,” New J. Phys. 6, 1–22 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lotti, A.

Luo, Q.

S. L. Chin, S. A. Hosseini, W. Liu, Q. Luo, F. Théberge, N. Aközbek, A. Becker, V. P. Kandidov, O. G. Kosareva, and H. Schroeder, “The propagation of powerful femtosecond laser pulses in optical media: physics, applications, and new challenges,” Can. J. Phys. 83, 863–905 (2005).
[CrossRef]

W. Liu, S. A. Hosseini, Q. Luo, B. Ferland, S. L. Chin, O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, and V. P. Kandidov, “Experimental observation and simulations of the self-action of white light laser pulse propagating in air,” New J. Phys. 6, 1–22 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Luther, G. G.

Maioli, P.

Malcuit, M. S.

J. Krasinski, D. J. Gauthier, M. S. Malcuit, and R. W. Boyd, “Two-photon conical emission,” Opt. Commun. 54, 241–245 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Malendevich, R.

Mathieu, P.

Matijosius, A.

Minardi, S.

Moloney, J. V.

M. Kolesik, E. M. Wright, and J. V. Moloney, “Dynamic nonlinear X waves for femtosecond pulse propagation in water,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 253901 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. G. Luther, A. C. Newell, J. V. Moloney, and E. M. Wright, “Short-pulse conical emission and spectral broadening in normally dispersive media,” Opt. Lett. 19, 789–791 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mostowski, J.

L. You, J. Mostowski, J. Cooper, and R. Shuker, “Cone emission from laser-pumped two-level atoms,” Phys. Rev. A 44, R6998–R7001 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nautiyal, A.

A. Nautiyal, P. B. Bisht, K. S. Bindra, and S. M. Oak, “Effects of thickness of β-barium borate and angle of non-collinearity on the fs pulse generation by optical parametric amplification,” Opt. Laser Technol. 41, 539–544 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Nautiyal and P. B. Bisht, “Broadly tunable parametric line emission from β-barium borate on pumping with picosecond pulses,” Opt. Commun. 281, 3351–3355 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Nautiyal and P. B. Bisht, “Sum and difference frequency generation of white light continuum with the ps pulses of Nd+3:YAG laser in a thick BBO crystal,” Opt. Commun. 278, 175–179 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Newell, A. C.

Oak, S. M.

A. Nautiyal, P. B. Bisht, K. S. Bindra, and S. M. Oak, “Effects of thickness of β-barium borate and angle of non-collinearity on the fs pulse generation by optical parametric amplification,” Opt. Laser Technol. 41, 539–544 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Panov, N. A.

W. Liu, S. A. Hosseini, Q. Luo, B. Ferland, S. L. Chin, O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, and V. P. Kandidov, “Experimental observation and simulations of the self-action of white light laser pulse propagating in air,” New J. Phys. 6, 1–22 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Papazoglou, D.

Pei-Xiang, L.

B. Jie, L. Yu-Hua, Y. Juan-Juan, and L. Pei-Xiang, “Coloured conical emission in BBO crystal pumped by second harmonic femtosecond pulses,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 26, 014207 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Picozzi, A.

D. Salerno, O. Jedrkiewicz, J. Trull, G. Valiulis, A. Picozzi, and P. D. Trapani, “Noise-seeded spatiotemporal modulation instability in normal dispersion,” Phys. Rev. E 70, 065603(R) (2004).
[CrossRef]

Piskarskas, A.

C. Conti, S. Trillo, P. D. Trapani, G. Valiulis, A. Piskarskas, O. Jedrkiewicz, and J. Trull, “Nonlinear electromagnetic X waves,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 170406 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Porras, M. A.

D. Faccio, M. A. Porras, A. Dubietis, G. Tamošauskas, E. Kučinskas, A. Couairon, and P. D. Trapani, “Angular and chromatic dispersion in Kerr-driven conical emission,” Opt. Commun. 265, 672–677 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Porras, S. Trillo, C. Conti, and P. D. Trapani, “Paraxial envelope X waves,” Opt. Lett. 28, 1090–1092 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Prasad, P. N.

G. S. He, Q. Zheng, A. Baev, and P. N. Prasad, “Saturation of multiphoton absorption upon strong and ultrafast infrared laser excitation,” J. Appl. Phys. 101, 083108 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ross, V.

Salamé, R.

Salerno, D.

D. Salerno, O. Jedrkiewicz, J. Trull, G. Valiulis, A. Picozzi, and P. D. Trapani, “Noise-seeded spatiotemporal modulation instability in normal dispersion,” Phys. Rev. E 70, 065603(R) (2004).
[CrossRef]

Salmon, E.

Sawada, T.

H. Yui, T. Kitamori, and T. Sawada, “Enhancement of stimulated Raman scattering in laser-induced plasma formation in solvent mixture,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 306, 325–329 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Schroeder, H.

S. L. Chin, S. A. Hosseini, W. Liu, Q. Luo, F. Théberge, N. Aközbek, A. Becker, V. P. Kandidov, O. G. Kosareva, and H. Schroeder, “The propagation of powerful femtosecond laser pulses in optical media: physics, applications, and new challenges,” Can. J. Phys. 83, 863–905 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Shuker, R.

L. You, J. Mostowski, J. Cooper, and R. Shuker, “Cone emission from laser-pumped two-level atoms,” Phys. Rev. A 44, R6998–R7001 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stegeman, G.

Sun, J.

Sun, Z.

Sutherland, R. L.

R. L. Sutherland, Handbook of Nonlinear Optics (Marcel Dekker, 2003).
[CrossRef]

Tamošauskas, G.

D. Faccio, M. A. Porras, A. Dubietis, G. Tamošauskas, E. Kučinskas, A. Couairon, and P. D. Trapani, “Angular and chromatic dispersion in Kerr-driven conical emission,” Opt. Commun. 265, 672–677 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Théberge, F.

F. Théberge, M. Châteauneuf, V. Ross, P. Mathieu, and J. Dubois, “Ultrabroadband conical emission generated from the ultraviolet up to the far-infrared during the optical filamentation in air,” Opt. Lett. 33, 2515–2517 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. L. Chin, S. A. Hosseini, W. Liu, Q. Luo, F. Théberge, N. Aközbek, A. Becker, V. P. Kandidov, O. G. Kosareva, and H. Schroeder, “The propagation of powerful femtosecond laser pulses in optical media: physics, applications, and new challenges,” Can. J. Phys. 83, 863–905 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Trapani, P. D.

D. Faccio, M. A. Porras, A. Dubietis, G. Tamošauskas, E. Kučinskas, A. Couairon, and P. D. Trapani, “Angular and chromatic dispersion in Kerr-driven conical emission,” Opt. Commun. 265, 672–677 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. Salerno, O. Jedrkiewicz, J. Trull, G. Valiulis, A. Picozzi, and P. D. Trapani, “Noise-seeded spatiotemporal modulation instability in normal dispersion,” Phys. Rev. E 70, 065603(R) (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Porras, S. Trillo, C. Conti, and P. D. Trapani, “Paraxial envelope X waves,” Opt. Lett. 28, 1090–1092 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Conti, S. Trillo, P. D. Trapani, G. Valiulis, A. Piskarskas, O. Jedrkiewicz, and J. Trull, “Nonlinear electromagnetic X waves,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 170406 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Trillo, C. Conti, P. D. Trapani, O. Jedrkiewicz, J. Trull, G. Valiulis, and G. Bellanca, “Colored conical emission by means of second-harmonic generation,” Opt. Lett. 27, 1451–1453 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Trillo, S.

Trull, J.

D. Salerno, O. Jedrkiewicz, J. Trull, G. Valiulis, A. Picozzi, and P. D. Trapani, “Noise-seeded spatiotemporal modulation instability in normal dispersion,” Phys. Rev. E 70, 065603(R) (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. Conti, S. Trillo, P. D. Trapani, G. Valiulis, A. Piskarskas, O. Jedrkiewicz, and J. Trull, “Nonlinear electromagnetic X waves,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 170406 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Trillo, C. Conti, P. D. Trapani, O. Jedrkiewicz, J. Trull, G. Valiulis, and G. Bellanca, “Colored conical emission by means of second-harmonic generation,” Opt. Lett. 27, 1451–1453 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Tzortzakis, S.

Vaicaitis, V.

V. Vaičaitis, “Cherenkov-type phase matching in bulk KDP crystal,” Opt. Commun. 209, 485–490 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Valiulis, G.

D. Salerno, O. Jedrkiewicz, J. Trull, G. Valiulis, A. Picozzi, and P. D. Trapani, “Noise-seeded spatiotemporal modulation instability in normal dispersion,” Phys. Rev. E 70, 065603(R) (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. Conti, S. Trillo, P. D. Trapani, G. Valiulis, A. Piskarskas, O. Jedrkiewicz, and J. Trull, “Nonlinear electromagnetic X waves,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 170406 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Trillo, C. Conti, P. D. Trapani, O. Jedrkiewicz, J. Trull, G. Valiulis, and G. Bellanca, “Colored conical emission by means of second-harmonic generation,” Opt. Lett. 27, 1451–1453 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Valley, J. F.

J. F. Valley, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, J. W. Grantham, and X. Jiajin, “CW conical emission: First comparison and agreement between theory and experiment,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 2362–2365 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, Z.

Wolf, J. -P.

Wright, E. M.

M. Kolesik, E. M. Wright, and J. V. Moloney, “Dynamic nonlinear X waves for femtosecond pulse propagation in water,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 253901 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. G. Luther, A. C. Newell, J. V. Moloney, and E. M. Wright, “Short-pulse conical emission and spectral broadening in normally dispersive media,” Opt. Lett. 19, 789–791 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wu, A. Q.

A. Q. Wu, I. H. Chowdhury, and X. Xu, “Plasma formation in fused silica induced by loosely focused femtosecond laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 111502 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wu, E.

H. Zeng, J. Wu, H. Xu, K. Wu, and E. Wu, “Colored conical emission by means of second harmonic generation in a quadratically nonlinear medium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 143903 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wu, J.

H. Zeng, J. Wu, H. Xu, K. Wu, and E. Wu, “Colored conical emission by means of second harmonic generation in a quadratically nonlinear medium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 143903 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wu, K.

H. Zeng, J. Wu, H. Xu, K. Wu, and E. Wu, “Colored conical emission by means of second harmonic generation in a quadratically nonlinear medium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 143903 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xu, H.

H. Zeng, J. Wu, H. Xu, K. Wu, and E. Wu, “Colored conical emission by means of second harmonic generation in a quadratically nonlinear medium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 143903 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xu, X.

A. Q. Wu, I. H. Chowdhury, and X. Xu, “Plasma formation in fused silica induced by loosely focused femtosecond laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 111502 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Xu, Z.

Y. Li, Z. Ji, J. Liu, Z. Zeng, X. Ge, X. Li, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Conical emission by femtosecond pulses with different spectral bandwidths,” Opt. Commun. 281, 4780–4783 (2008).
[CrossRef]

You, L.

R. C. Hart, L. You, A. Gallagher, and J. Cooper, “Failures of the four-wave mixing model for cone emission,” Opt. Commun. 111, 331–337 (1994).
[CrossRef]

L. You, J. Mostowski, J. Cooper, and R. Shuker, “Cone emission from laser-pumped two-level atoms,” Phys. Rev. A 44, R6998–R7001 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yu-Hua, L.

B. Jie, L. Yu-Hua, Y. Juan-Juan, and L. Pei-Xiang, “Coloured conical emission in BBO crystal pumped by second harmonic femtosecond pulses,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 26, 014207 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yui, H.

H. Yui, T. Kitamori, and T. Sawada, “Enhancement of stimulated Raman scattering in laser-induced plasma formation in solvent mixture,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 306, 325–329 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Zachorowski, J.

W. Chałupczak, W. Gawlik, and J. Zachorowski, “Conical emission as cooperative fluorescence,” Phys. Rev. A 49, R2227–R2230 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zeng, H.

H. Zeng, J. Wu, H. Xu, K. Wu, and E. Wu, “Colored conical emission by means of second harmonic generation in a quadratically nonlinear medium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 143903 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zeng, Z.

Y. Li, Z. Ji, J. Liu, Z. Zeng, X. Ge, X. Li, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Conical emission by femtosecond pulses with different spectral bandwidths,” Opt. Commun. 281, 4780–4783 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, S.

Zheng, Q.

G. S. He, Q. Zheng, A. Baev, and P. N. Prasad, “Saturation of multiphoton absorption upon strong and ultrafast infrared laser excitation,” J. Appl. Phys. 101, 083108 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

A. Q. Wu, I. H. Chowdhury, and X. Xu, “Plasma formation in fused silica induced by loosely focused femtosecond laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 111502 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Can. J. Phys. (1)

S. L. Chin, S. A. Hosseini, W. Liu, Q. Luo, F. Théberge, N. Aközbek, A. Becker, V. P. Kandidov, O. G. Kosareva, and H. Schroeder, “The propagation of powerful femtosecond laser pulses in optical media: physics, applications, and new challenges,” Can. J. Phys. 83, 863–905 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. Lett. (1)

H. Yui, T. Kitamori, and T. Sawada, “Enhancement of stimulated Raman scattering in laser-induced plasma formation in solvent mixture,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 306, 325–329 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Chin. Phys. Lett. (1)

B. Jie, L. Yu-Hua, Y. Juan-Juan, and L. Pei-Xiang, “Coloured conical emission in BBO crystal pumped by second harmonic femtosecond pulses,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 26, 014207 (2009).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

K. Kato, “Second-harmonic generation to 2048 Å in β-BaB2O4,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 22, 1013–1014 (1986).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

G. S. He, Q. Zheng, A. Baev, and P. N. Prasad, “Saturation of multiphoton absorption upon strong and ultrafast infrared laser excitation,” J. Appl. Phys. 101, 083108 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

J. Opt. Technol. (1)

New J. Phys. (1)

W. Liu, S. A. Hosseini, Q. Luo, B. Ferland, S. L. Chin, O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, and V. P. Kandidov, “Experimental observation and simulations of the self-action of white light laser pulse propagating in air,” New J. Phys. 6, 1–22 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (7)

R. C. Hart, L. You, A. Gallagher, and J. Cooper, “Failures of the four-wave mixing model for cone emission,” Opt. Commun. 111, 331–337 (1994).
[CrossRef]

A. Nautiyal and P. B. Bisht, “Sum and difference frequency generation of white light continuum with the ps pulses of Nd+3:YAG laser in a thick BBO crystal,” Opt. Commun. 278, 175–179 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Nautiyal and P. B. Bisht, “Broadly tunable parametric line emission from β-barium borate on pumping with picosecond pulses,” Opt. Commun. 281, 3351–3355 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. Li, Z. Ji, J. Liu, Z. Zeng, X. Ge, X. Li, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Conical emission by femtosecond pulses with different spectral bandwidths,” Opt. Commun. 281, 4780–4783 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Krasinski, D. J. Gauthier, M. S. Malcuit, and R. W. Boyd, “Two-photon conical emission,” Opt. Commun. 54, 241–245 (1985).
[CrossRef]

V. Vaičaitis, “Cherenkov-type phase matching in bulk KDP crystal,” Opt. Commun. 209, 485–490 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. Faccio, M. A. Porras, A. Dubietis, G. Tamošauskas, E. Kučinskas, A. Couairon, and P. D. Trapani, “Angular and chromatic dispersion in Kerr-driven conical emission,” Opt. Commun. 265, 672–677 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Laser Technol. (1)

A. Nautiyal, P. B. Bisht, K. S. Bindra, and S. M. Oak, “Effects of thickness of β-barium borate and angle of non-collinearity on the fs pulse generation by optical parametric amplification,” Opt. Laser Technol. 41, 539–544 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (6)

Phys. Rev. A (3)

W. Chałupczak, W. Gawlik, and J. Zachorowski, “Conical emission as cooperative fluorescence,” Phys. Rev. A 49, R2227–R2230 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. E. Crenshaw and C. D. Cantrell, “Conical emission as a result of pulse breakup into solitary waves,” Phys. Rev. A 39, 126–148 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. You, J. Mostowski, J. Cooper, and R. Shuker, “Cone emission from laser-pumped two-level atoms,” Phys. Rev. A 44, R6998–R7001 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. E (1)

D. Salerno, O. Jedrkiewicz, J. Trull, G. Valiulis, A. Picozzi, and P. D. Trapani, “Noise-seeded spatiotemporal modulation instability in normal dispersion,” Phys. Rev. E 70, 065603(R) (2004).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (4)

C. Conti, S. Trillo, P. D. Trapani, G. Valiulis, A. Piskarskas, O. Jedrkiewicz, and J. Trull, “Nonlinear electromagnetic X waves,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 170406 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Kolesik, E. M. Wright, and J. V. Moloney, “Dynamic nonlinear X waves for femtosecond pulse propagation in water,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 253901 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. F. Valley, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, J. W. Grantham, and X. Jiajin, “CW conical emission: First comparison and agreement between theory and experiment,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 2362–2365 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Zeng, J. Wu, H. Xu, K. Wu, and E. Wu, “Colored conical emission by means of second harmonic generation in a quadratically nonlinear medium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 143903 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (1)

R. L. Sutherland, Handbook of Nonlinear Optics (Marcel Dekker, 2003).
[CrossRef]

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the experimental setup for CE generation: M 1 is the plane mirror, N is the neutral density filter, L is the convex lens ( f = 500   mm ) , C is the BBO crystal, CE is the CE pattern, r is the radius of the base of the emission cone, d is the distance between the back surface of the crystal and the screen, θ CE is the CE angle given by tan 1 ( r / d ) , and Φ is the crystal tilt angle.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(A) The photograph of generated CE. (B) shows the experimentally obtained spectra (normalized to unity) of CE in 20 mm thick BBO crystal (cut at 22.9°) for various values of detector positions ( θ CE ) as (a) 0° (pump wavelength), (b) 1.9°, (c) 4.6°, (d) 4.8°, (e) 6.8°, (f) 8.3°, (g) 8.6°, (h) 9.4°, (i) 10°, (j) 4.7°. Here the energy of the pump pulse is 300 μ J .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

The calculated GVM between the on-axis pump beam and the off-axis CE beam.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Schematic representation of Cerenkov type phase matching process in which the fundamental ( P Q ) and CE ( P R and Q S ) beams interact in a nonlinear crystal. Here θ CE is the angle at which the CE beam comes out; Ψ is the phase matching angle; and v 0 , v c are the phase velocities of the fundamental and CE beams, respectively.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

The schematic representation of TPFWM process. The phase matching condition is given by 2 k p k s k i d = 0 . Here Ψ is the phase matching angle, and β and γ are the angles made by the pump with the signal ( k s ) and the idler ( k i d ) frequencies, respectively.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Theoretical fits to the experimentally observed angles for different wavelengths of the CE by using three models.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Experimentally obtained spectra from 5 mm thick BBO crystal (cut at 29.2°) for various values of the crystal tilt angle ( Φ ) from 0° to 8°. Pump beam e is also given for a comparison. A weak but broad curve f is also observed for which the pump beam at 800 nm is truncated. Here the angular position of the detector is fixed at 4° and input beam energy is 300 μ J .

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Plot of experimentally observed CE angles versus the generated wavelengths in 20 mm thick BBO crystal cut at 22.9°. Here pump energies are 300 μ J (squares) and 105 μ J (circles). The inset shows the CE angle as a function of the pump energy at a particular CE wavelength (650 nm).

Equations (7)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

GVM = | 1 v g C   cos   θ CE 1 v g p | ,
v 0   cos   θ CE = v c .
θ CE = arccos ( n 0 n c ) ,
k ( ω ) cos   θ CE = k 0 + n 0 Ω c ,
k ( ω ) cos   θ CE = k 0 + Ω v g .
θ CE = 1 ( k z k ( ω ) ) 2 ,
θ CE = Ω k 0 k 0 .

Metrics