Abstract

We propose a new method for the chirped pulse spectrum shaping, which is significant in chirped pulse amplification (CPA) system to compensate the gain narrowing and the gain saturation, to obtain the shortest compressed pulse, and to improve the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of the output, while simultaneously increasing the amplifier efficiencies. This method is based on a grating system to decompose the chirped pulse spectrum to a spatial space, a microstructure on a multilayer dielectric thin film as a functional reflector to shape the space distribution, and a synthesis system to compose this space distribution to a shaped frequency chirped pulse before incidence into the next amplifier stage. The results show that the damage threshold by the high-power laser can be enhanced, and this functional reflector can be fabricated in an easy and cheap way, in which the accuracy in lithography is 1μm, the etching tolerance is 35 nm, and the roughness of the etching surface is 8.5 nm. In addition, the phase aberration is less than 12 mrad in the chirped bandwidth of a few tens of nanometers, and the spatial distribution of the final output almost remains. The studies show that the energy integral of the output chirped pulse is extracted 17% and 29.5% more with center and off-center modulations, respectively, compared with the normal amplification. Moreover, the SNR has enhanced to 1010:1 at 10 ps after spectrum shaping, which enhances the SNR near 1–2 orders than that without the spectrum shaping.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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  31. M. Li, B. Zhang, Y. P. Dai, T. Wang, Z. X. Fan, and W. Huang, “Fabrication control functions of multilayer dielectric thin film reflector for spectrum reshaping,” Acta Opt. Sin. 29, 1352–1357 (2009).
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  36. M. Li, B. Zhang, Y. P. Dai, T. Wang, and Z. X. Fan, “Tolerance of ion beam etching on the multilayer dielectric thin film reflector for spectrum reshaping,” High Power Laser and Particle Beams. 21, 761–766 (2009).
  37. M. Li, B. Zhang, Y. P. Dai, T. Wang, Z. X. Fan, and W. Huang, “Multilayer dielectric thin film reflector for spectrum reshaping of chirped pulse laser in Nd:glass chirped pulse amplification system,” Acta Phys. Sin. 57, 4542–4550 (2008).
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  40. M. Li, B. Zhang, Y. Dai, Z. Fan, T. Wang, and W. Huang, “Medium film structure reflector for pulse width device (CN),” Patent (CN), ZL200720080292.X, October 22, 2008.
  41. J. A. Britten, W. A. Molander, A. M. Komashko, and C. P. Barty, “Multilayer dielectric grating for petawatt-class laser system,” Proc. SPIE 5273, 1–7 (2004).
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  42. X. H. Dong, Y. Liu, F. Y. Zhao, D. Q. Xu, X. D. Xu, Y. G. Zhou, X. Wang, C. R. Yao, Y. L. Hong, S. J. Fu, and C. Y. Xu, “Characteristic of a large-scale ion beam etcher based on radio frequency linear source,” Acta Univ. Sci. and Tech. China 37, 530–536 (2007).
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2009 (2)

M. Li, B. Zhang, Y. P. Dai, T. Wang, Z. X. Fan, and W. Huang, “Fabrication control functions of multilayer dielectric thin film reflector for spectrum reshaping,” Acta Opt. Sin. 29, 1352–1357 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Li, B. Zhang, Y. P. Dai, T. Wang, and Z. X. Fan, “Tolerance of ion beam etching on the multilayer dielectric thin film reflector for spectrum reshaping,” High Power Laser and Particle Beams. 21, 761–766 (2009).

2008 (1)

M. Li, B. Zhang, Y. P. Dai, T. Wang, Z. X. Fan, and W. Huang, “Multilayer dielectric thin film reflector for spectrum reshaping of chirped pulse laser in Nd:glass chirped pulse amplification system,” Acta Phys. Sin. 57, 4542–4550 (2008).

2007 (2)

X. H. Dong, Y. Liu, F. Y. Zhao, D. Q. Xu, X. D. Xu, Y. G. Zhou, X. Wang, C. R. Yao, Y. L. Hong, S. J. Fu, and C. Y. Xu, “Characteristic of a large-scale ion beam etcher based on radio frequency linear source,” Acta Univ. Sci. and Tech. China 37, 530–536 (2007).

X. L. Zhang, Z. Li, M. Li, and B. Zhang, “Compensation methods for alignment errors of tiled grating-pair compressor,” High Power Laser and Particle Beams 19, 623–629 (2007).

2005 (2)

L.Q. Liu, H. S. Peng, X. F. Wei, X. M. Zen, Z. T. Peng, X. J. Huang, X. D. Wang, K. N. Zhou, X. Wang, Q. H. Zhu, X. L. Chu, and Y. Guo, “Spectral gain narrowing compensation modulation function in high power ultra-short pulse laser system,” High Power Laser and Particle Beams 17, 856–860 (2005).

X. L. Chu, B. Zhang, B. W. Cai, X. F. Wei, Q. H. Zhu, X. J. Huang, X. D. Yuan, X. M. Zeng, L. Q. Liu, X. Wang, X. D. Wang, K. N. Zhou, and Y. Guo, “Study of the multipass amplification of the chirped pulse and its inverse problem,” Acta Phys. Sin. 54, 4696–1701 (2005).

2004 (3)

X. D. Wang, Y. Liu, Y. L. Hong, S. J. Fu, and X. D. Xu, “Reactive ion etching of HfO2 films,” Vac. Sci. Technol. 24, 313–316 (2004).

X. D. Wang, Y. Liu, X. D. Xu, Y. L. Hong, and S. J. Fu, “Ion beam etching of quartz and BK7 glass,” Vac. Sci. Technol. 24, 397–400 (2004).

J. A. Britten, W. A. Molander, A. M. Komashko, and C. P. Barty, “Multilayer dielectric grating for petawatt-class laser system,” Proc. SPIE 5273, 1–7 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

D. M. Pennington, C. G. Brown, T. E. Cowan, S. P. Hatchett, E. Henry, S. Herman, M. Kartz, M. Key, J. Koch, A. J. MacKinnon, M. D. Perry, T. W. Phillips, M. Roth, T. C. Sangster, M. Singh, R. A. Snavely, M. Stoyer, B. C. Stuart, and S. C. Wilks, “Petawatt laser system and experiments,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 676–688 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998 (3)

B. Zhang and B. D. Lü, “Inverse problem of a laser amplifier system containing a spatial filter,” Acta Phys. Sin. 47, 1–8 (1998).

K. Yamakawa, M. Aoyama, S. Matsuoka, H. Takuma, D. N. Fittinghoff, and C. P. J. Barty, “Ultrahigh-peak and high-average power chirped-pulse amplification of sub-20-fs pulses with Ti:Sapphire amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 385–394 (1998).
[CrossRef]

K. X. Fu, D. Y. Zhang, Z. H. Wang, Q. Z. Zhang, and J. Zhang, “Rigorous modal theory of phase grating and the total reflectance property,” Acta Phys. Sin. 47, 1278–1289 (1998).

1997 (1)

B. Zhang and B. D. Lü, “An inverse problem of multistage and multipass pulsed laser amplifiers,” Chin. J. Lasers 24, 495–500 (1997).

1996 (1)

1994 (1)

M. Tabak, J. Hammer, M. E. Glinsky, W. L. Kruer, S. C. Wilks, J. Woodworth, E. M. Campbell, M. D. Perry, and R. J. Mason, “Ignition and high gain with ultra-powerful lasers,” Phys. Plasmas 1, 1626–1634 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

1990 (1)

1989 (5)

M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, and R. W. Falcone, “Generation and application of ultrafast X-ray sources,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2417–2422 (1989).
[CrossRef]

X. F. Li, A. L’Huilier, M. Ferray, L. A. Lompre, and G. Mainfray, “Multiple-harmonic generation in rare gases at high laser intensity,” Phys. Rev. A 39, 5751–5761 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. H. Y. Lee, D. E. Casperson, and G. T. Schappert, “Search for multiphoton-induced inner-shell excitations,” Phys. Rev. A 40, 1363–1366 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, and R. W. Falcone, “High-density plasmas produced by ultrafast laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 62, 155–158 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. A. Cobble, G. A. Kyrala, A. A. Hauer, A. J. Taylor, C. C. Gomez, N. D. Delamater, and G. T. Schappert, “Kilovolt x-ray spectroscopy of a subpicosecond-laser-excited source,” Phys. Rev. A 39, 454–457 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1988 (1)

P. Gibbon and A. R. Bell, “Cascade focusing in the beat-wave accelerator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 1599–1602 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1987 (2)

R. R. Freeman, P. H. Bucksbaum, H. Milchberg, S. Darack, D. Schumacher, and M. E. Geusic, “Above-threshold ionization with subpicosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 1092–1095 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Martinez, “3000 times grating compressor with positive group velocity dispersion: Application to fiber compensation in 1.3–1.6 pm regime,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 59–64 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1979 (1)

1973 (1)

J. W. Shearer, J. Garrison, J. Wong, and J. E. Swain, “Pair production by relativistic electrons from an intense laser focus,” Phys. Rev. A 8, 1582–1588 (1973).
[CrossRef]

1970 (1)

F. V. Bunkin and I. I. Tugov, “Possibility of creating electron-positron pairs in a vacuum by the focusing of laser radiation,” Sov. Phys. Dokl. 14, 678–681 (1970).

1969 (1)

E. B. Treacy, “Optical pulse compression with diffraction gratings,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 5, 454–458 (1969).
[CrossRef]

1954 (1)

W. Weinstein, “Computations in thin film optics,” Vacuum 4, 3–19 (1954).
[CrossRef]

Aoyama, M.

K. Yamakawa, M. Aoyama, S. Matsuoka, H. Takuma, D. N. Fittinghoff, and C. P. J. Barty, “Ultrahigh-peak and high-average power chirped-pulse amplification of sub-20-fs pulses with Ti:Sapphire amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 385–394 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Augst, S.

Barty, C. P.

J. A. Britten, W. A. Molander, A. M. Komashko, and C. P. Barty, “Multilayer dielectric grating for petawatt-class laser system,” Proc. SPIE 5273, 1–7 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Barty, C. P. J.

K. Yamakawa, M. Aoyama, S. Matsuoka, H. Takuma, D. N. Fittinghoff, and C. P. J. Barty, “Ultrahigh-peak and high-average power chirped-pulse amplification of sub-20-fs pulses with Ti:Sapphire amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 385–394 (1998).
[CrossRef]

C. P. J. Barty, G. Korn, F. Raksi, C. Rose-Petruck, J. Squier, A.-C. Tien, K. R. Wilson, V. V. Yakovlev, and K. Yamakawa, “Regenerative pulse shaping and amplification of ultrabroadband optical pulses,” Opt. Lett. 21, 219–221 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Bell, A. R.

P. Gibbon and A. R. Bell, “Cascade focusing in the beat-wave accelerator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 1599–1602 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Born, M.

M. Born and E. Wolf, The Principle of Optics (Pergamon, 1980).

Britten, J. A.

J. A. Britten, W. A. Molander, A. M. Komashko, and C. P. Barty, “Multilayer dielectric grating for petawatt-class laser system,” Proc. SPIE 5273, 1–7 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Brown, C. G.

D. M. Pennington, C. G. Brown, T. E. Cowan, S. P. Hatchett, E. Henry, S. Herman, M. Kartz, M. Key, J. Koch, A. J. MacKinnon, M. D. Perry, T. W. Phillips, M. Roth, T. C. Sangster, M. Singh, R. A. Snavely, M. Stoyer, B. C. Stuart, and S. C. Wilks, “Petawatt laser system and experiments,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 676–688 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Bucksbaum, P. H.

R. R. Freeman, P. H. Bucksbaum, H. Milchberg, S. Darack, D. Schumacher, and M. E. Geusic, “Above-threshold ionization with subpicosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 1092–1095 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bunkin, F. V.

F. V. Bunkin and I. I. Tugov, “Possibility of creating electron-positron pairs in a vacuum by the focusing of laser radiation,” Sov. Phys. Dokl. 14, 678–681 (1970).

Cai, B. W.

X. L. Chu, B. Zhang, B. W. Cai, X. F. Wei, Q. H. Zhu, X. J. Huang, X. D. Yuan, X. M. Zeng, L. Q. Liu, X. Wang, X. D. Wang, K. N. Zhou, and Y. Guo, “Study of the multipass amplification of the chirped pulse and its inverse problem,” Acta Phys. Sin. 54, 4696–1701 (2005).

Campbell, E. M.

M. Tabak, J. Hammer, M. E. Glinsky, W. L. Kruer, S. C. Wilks, J. Woodworth, E. M. Campbell, M. D. Perry, and R. J. Mason, “Ignition and high gain with ultra-powerful lasers,” Phys. Plasmas 1, 1626–1634 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Casperson, D. E.

P. H. Y. Lee, D. E. Casperson, and G. T. Schappert, “Search for multiphoton-induced inner-shell excitations,” Phys. Rev. A 40, 1363–1366 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, H.

Chu, X. L.

L.Q. Liu, H. S. Peng, X. F. Wei, X. M. Zen, Z. T. Peng, X. J. Huang, X. D. Wang, K. N. Zhou, X. Wang, Q. H. Zhu, X. L. Chu, and Y. Guo, “Spectral gain narrowing compensation modulation function in high power ultra-short pulse laser system,” High Power Laser and Particle Beams 17, 856–860 (2005).

X. L. Chu, B. Zhang, B. W. Cai, X. F. Wei, Q. H. Zhu, X. J. Huang, X. D. Yuan, X. M. Zeng, L. Q. Liu, X. Wang, X. D. Wang, K. N. Zhou, and Y. Guo, “Study of the multipass amplification of the chirped pulse and its inverse problem,” Acta Phys. Sin. 54, 4696–1701 (2005).

Chuang, Y. H.

Cobble, J. A.

J. A. Cobble, G. A. Kyrala, A. A. Hauer, A. J. Taylor, C. C. Gomez, N. D. Delamater, and G. T. Schappert, “Kilovolt x-ray spectroscopy of a subpicosecond-laser-excited source,” Phys. Rev. A 39, 454–457 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cowan, T. E.

D. M. Pennington, C. G. Brown, T. E. Cowan, S. P. Hatchett, E. Henry, S. Herman, M. Kartz, M. Key, J. Koch, A. J. MacKinnon, M. D. Perry, T. W. Phillips, M. Roth, T. C. Sangster, M. Singh, R. A. Snavely, M. Stoyer, B. C. Stuart, and S. C. Wilks, “Petawatt laser system and experiments,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 676–688 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Dai, Y.

M. Li, B. Zhang, Y. Dai, and T. Wang, “Spectrum shaping and modulating method (P),” Patent (CN), ZL200810044818.8, July 30, 2008.

M. Li, B. Zhang, Y. Dai, Z. Fan, Z. Wang, and W. Huang, “Micro lens medium film structure reflecting lens for chirped pulse amplifying spectrum (P),” Patent (CN), ZL200710049516.5, March 12, 2008.

M. Li, B. Zhang, Y. Dai, Z. Fan, T. Wang, and W. Huang, “Medium film structure reflector for pulse width device (CN),” Patent (CN), ZL200720080292.X, October 22, 2008.

Dai, Y. P.

M. Li, B. Zhang, Y. P. Dai, T. Wang, and Z. X. Fan, “Tolerance of ion beam etching on the multilayer dielectric thin film reflector for spectrum reshaping,” High Power Laser and Particle Beams. 21, 761–766 (2009).

M. Li, B. Zhang, Y. P. Dai, T. Wang, Z. X. Fan, and W. Huang, “Fabrication control functions of multilayer dielectric thin film reflector for spectrum reshaping,” Acta Opt. Sin. 29, 1352–1357 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Li, B. Zhang, Y. P. Dai, T. Wang, Z. X. Fan, and W. Huang, “Multilayer dielectric thin film reflector for spectrum reshaping of chirped pulse laser in Nd:glass chirped pulse amplification system,” Acta Phys. Sin. 57, 4542–4550 (2008).

Y. P. Dai, G. Xu, T. Wang, Z. Q. Lin, J. Q. Zhu, and Y. Gu, “Development of 1kJ PW laser beamline in SG-II Facility,” in European Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics 2007 and the International Quantum Electronics Conference (CLEOE-IQEC 2007) (2007), Vol. 1, pp. 17–22.

M. Li, Y. P. Dai, T. Wang, B. Zhang, and Z. Fan, “Auto-collimation plane modulation spectrum modulation shaping device for chirped pulse amplification (P),” Patent (CN), ZL200810033888.3, July 2008.

M. Li, Y. P. Dai, T. Wang, B. Zhang, and Z. X. Fan, “Self-collimation concave modulation spectral modulation shaping device with compact structure (P),” Patent (CN), ZL200810033887.9, July 30, 2008.

M. Li, Y. P. Dai, T. Wang, and B. Zhang, “Spectrum modulating and shaping device for amplifying chirped pulse (P),” Patent (CN), ZL200810033886.4, July 30, 2008.

Darack, S.

R. R. Freeman, P. H. Bucksbaum, H. Milchberg, S. Darack, D. Schumacher, and M. E. Geusic, “Above-threshold ionization with subpicosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 1092–1095 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Delamater, N. D.

J. A. Cobble, G. A. Kyrala, A. A. Hauer, A. J. Taylor, C. C. Gomez, N. D. Delamater, and G. T. Schappert, “Kilovolt x-ray spectroscopy of a subpicosecond-laser-excited source,” Phys. Rev. A 39, 454–457 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dong, X. H.

X. H. Dong, Y. Liu, F. Y. Zhao, D. Q. Xu, X. D. Xu, Y. G. Zhou, X. Wang, C. R. Yao, Y. L. Hong, S. J. Fu, and C. Y. Xu, “Characteristic of a large-scale ion beam etcher based on radio frequency linear source,” Acta Univ. Sci. and Tech. China 37, 530–536 (2007).

Falcone, R. W.

M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, and R. W. Falcone, “Generation and application of ultrafast X-ray sources,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2417–2422 (1989).
[CrossRef]

M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, and R. W. Falcone, “High-density plasmas produced by ultrafast laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 62, 155–158 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fan, Z.

M. Li, B. Zhang, Y. Dai, Z. Fan, T. Wang, and W. Huang, “Medium film structure reflector for pulse width device (CN),” Patent (CN), ZL200720080292.X, October 22, 2008.

M. Li, B. Zhang, Y. Dai, Z. Fan, Z. Wang, and W. Huang, “Micro lens medium film structure reflecting lens for chirped pulse amplifying spectrum (P),” Patent (CN), ZL200710049516.5, March 12, 2008.

M. Li, Y. P. Dai, T. Wang, B. Zhang, and Z. Fan, “Auto-collimation plane modulation spectrum modulation shaping device for chirped pulse amplification (P),” Patent (CN), ZL200810033888.3, July 2008.

Fan, Z. X.

M. Li, B. Zhang, Y. P. Dai, T. Wang, Z. X. Fan, and W. Huang, “Fabrication control functions of multilayer dielectric thin film reflector for spectrum reshaping,” Acta Opt. Sin. 29, 1352–1357 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Li, B. Zhang, Y. P. Dai, T. Wang, and Z. X. Fan, “Tolerance of ion beam etching on the multilayer dielectric thin film reflector for spectrum reshaping,” High Power Laser and Particle Beams. 21, 761–766 (2009).

M. Li, B. Zhang, Y. P. Dai, T. Wang, Z. X. Fan, and W. Huang, “Multilayer dielectric thin film reflector for spectrum reshaping of chirped pulse laser in Nd:glass chirped pulse amplification system,” Acta Phys. Sin. 57, 4542–4550 (2008).

M. Li, Y. P. Dai, T. Wang, B. Zhang, and Z. X. Fan, “Self-collimation concave modulation spectral modulation shaping device with compact structure (P),” Patent (CN), ZL200810033887.9, July 30, 2008.

Ferray, M.

X. F. Li, A. L’Huilier, M. Ferray, L. A. Lompre, and G. Mainfray, “Multiple-harmonic generation in rare gases at high laser intensity,” Phys. Rev. A 39, 5751–5761 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fittinghoff, D. N.

K. Yamakawa, M. Aoyama, S. Matsuoka, H. Takuma, D. N. Fittinghoff, and C. P. J. Barty, “Ultrahigh-peak and high-average power chirped-pulse amplification of sub-20-fs pulses with Ti:Sapphire amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 385–394 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Freeman, R. R.

R. R. Freeman, P. H. Bucksbaum, H. Milchberg, S. Darack, D. Schumacher, and M. E. Geusic, “Above-threshold ionization with subpicosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 1092–1095 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fu, K. X.

K. X. Fu, D. Y. Zhang, Z. H. Wang, Q. Z. Zhang, and J. Zhang, “Rigorous modal theory of phase grating and the total reflectance property,” Acta Phys. Sin. 47, 1278–1289 (1998).

Fu, S. J.

X. H. Dong, Y. Liu, F. Y. Zhao, D. Q. Xu, X. D. Xu, Y. G. Zhou, X. Wang, C. R. Yao, Y. L. Hong, S. J. Fu, and C. Y. Xu, “Characteristic of a large-scale ion beam etcher based on radio frequency linear source,” Acta Univ. Sci. and Tech. China 37, 530–536 (2007).

X. D. Wang, Y. Liu, X. D. Xu, Y. L. Hong, and S. J. Fu, “Ion beam etching of quartz and BK7 glass,” Vac. Sci. Technol. 24, 397–400 (2004).

X. D. Wang, Y. Liu, Y. L. Hong, S. J. Fu, and X. D. Xu, “Reactive ion etching of HfO2 films,” Vac. Sci. Technol. 24, 313–316 (2004).

Garrison, J.

J. W. Shearer, J. Garrison, J. Wong, and J. E. Swain, “Pair production by relativistic electrons from an intense laser focus,” Phys. Rev. A 8, 1582–1588 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Geusic, M. E.

R. R. Freeman, P. H. Bucksbaum, H. Milchberg, S. Darack, D. Schumacher, and M. E. Geusic, “Above-threshold ionization with subpicosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 1092–1095 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gibbon, P.

P. Gibbon and A. R. Bell, “Cascade focusing in the beat-wave accelerator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 1599–1602 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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M. Tabak, J. Hammer, M. E. Glinsky, W. L. Kruer, S. C. Wilks, J. Woodworth, E. M. Campbell, M. D. Perry, and R. J. Mason, “Ignition and high gain with ultra-powerful lasers,” Phys. Plasmas 1, 1626–1634 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Gomez, C. C.

J. A. Cobble, G. A. Kyrala, A. A. Hauer, A. J. Taylor, C. C. Gomez, N. D. Delamater, and G. T. Schappert, “Kilovolt x-ray spectroscopy of a subpicosecond-laser-excited source,” Phys. Rev. A 39, 454–457 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gu, P. F.

J. F. Tang, P. F. Gu, X. Liu, and H. F. Li, Modern Optical Thin Film Technology (Zhejiang U. Press, 2006).

Gu, Y.

Y. P. Dai, G. Xu, T. Wang, Z. Q. Lin, J. Q. Zhu, and Y. Gu, “Development of 1kJ PW laser beamline in SG-II Facility,” in European Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics 2007 and the International Quantum Electronics Conference (CLEOE-IQEC 2007) (2007), Vol. 1, pp. 17–22.

Guo, Y.

X. L. Chu, B. Zhang, B. W. Cai, X. F. Wei, Q. H. Zhu, X. J. Huang, X. D. Yuan, X. M. Zeng, L. Q. Liu, X. Wang, X. D. Wang, K. N. Zhou, and Y. Guo, “Study of the multipass amplification of the chirped pulse and its inverse problem,” Acta Phys. Sin. 54, 4696–1701 (2005).

L.Q. Liu, H. S. Peng, X. F. Wei, X. M. Zen, Z. T. Peng, X. J. Huang, X. D. Wang, K. N. Zhou, X. Wang, Q. H. Zhu, X. L. Chu, and Y. Guo, “Spectral gain narrowing compensation modulation function in high power ultra-short pulse laser system,” High Power Laser and Particle Beams 17, 856–860 (2005).

Hammer, J.

M. Tabak, J. Hammer, M. E. Glinsky, W. L. Kruer, S. C. Wilks, J. Woodworth, E. M. Campbell, M. D. Perry, and R. J. Mason, “Ignition and high gain with ultra-powerful lasers,” Phys. Plasmas 1, 1626–1634 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Hatchett, S. P.

D. M. Pennington, C. G. Brown, T. E. Cowan, S. P. Hatchett, E. Henry, S. Herman, M. Kartz, M. Key, J. Koch, A. J. MacKinnon, M. D. Perry, T. W. Phillips, M. Roth, T. C. Sangster, M. Singh, R. A. Snavely, M. Stoyer, B. C. Stuart, and S. C. Wilks, “Petawatt laser system and experiments,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 676–688 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hauer, A. A.

J. A. Cobble, G. A. Kyrala, A. A. Hauer, A. J. Taylor, C. C. Gomez, N. D. Delamater, and G. T. Schappert, “Kilovolt x-ray spectroscopy of a subpicosecond-laser-excited source,” Phys. Rev. A 39, 454–457 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

He, X. T.

Z. Q. Lin, X. T. He, and J. Q. Zhu, “Laser fusion driver development in SIOM and some related optical technology progress in China,” in Pacific Rim Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (2007), Vol. 1, pp. 90–91.

Henry, E.

D. M. Pennington, C. G. Brown, T. E. Cowan, S. P. Hatchett, E. Henry, S. Herman, M. Kartz, M. Key, J. Koch, A. J. MacKinnon, M. D. Perry, T. W. Phillips, M. Roth, T. C. Sangster, M. Singh, R. A. Snavely, M. Stoyer, B. C. Stuart, and S. C. Wilks, “Petawatt laser system and experiments,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 676–688 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Herman, S.

D. M. Pennington, C. G. Brown, T. E. Cowan, S. P. Hatchett, E. Henry, S. Herman, M. Kartz, M. Key, J. Koch, A. J. MacKinnon, M. D. Perry, T. W. Phillips, M. Roth, T. C. Sangster, M. Singh, R. A. Snavely, M. Stoyer, B. C. Stuart, and S. C. Wilks, “Petawatt laser system and experiments,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 676–688 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hong, Y. L.

X. H. Dong, Y. Liu, F. Y. Zhao, D. Q. Xu, X. D. Xu, Y. G. Zhou, X. Wang, C. R. Yao, Y. L. Hong, S. J. Fu, and C. Y. Xu, “Characteristic of a large-scale ion beam etcher based on radio frequency linear source,” Acta Univ. Sci. and Tech. China 37, 530–536 (2007).

X. D. Wang, Y. Liu, X. D. Xu, Y. L. Hong, and S. J. Fu, “Ion beam etching of quartz and BK7 glass,” Vac. Sci. Technol. 24, 397–400 (2004).

X. D. Wang, Y. Liu, Y. L. Hong, S. J. Fu, and X. D. Xu, “Reactive ion etching of HfO2 films,” Vac. Sci. Technol. 24, 313–316 (2004).

Huang, W.

M. Li, B. Zhang, Y. P. Dai, T. Wang, Z. X. Fan, and W. Huang, “Fabrication control functions of multilayer dielectric thin film reflector for spectrum reshaping,” Acta Opt. Sin. 29, 1352–1357 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Li, B. Zhang, Y. P. Dai, T. Wang, Z. X. Fan, and W. Huang, “Multilayer dielectric thin film reflector for spectrum reshaping of chirped pulse laser in Nd:glass chirped pulse amplification system,” Acta Phys. Sin. 57, 4542–4550 (2008).

M. Li, B. Zhang, Y. Dai, Z. Fan, Z. Wang, and W. Huang, “Micro lens medium film structure reflecting lens for chirped pulse amplifying spectrum (P),” Patent (CN), ZL200710049516.5, March 12, 2008.

M. Li, B. Zhang, Y. Dai, Z. Fan, T. Wang, and W. Huang, “Medium film structure reflector for pulse width device (CN),” Patent (CN), ZL200720080292.X, October 22, 2008.

Huang, X. J.

X. L. Chu, B. Zhang, B. W. Cai, X. F. Wei, Q. H. Zhu, X. J. Huang, X. D. Yuan, X. M. Zeng, L. Q. Liu, X. Wang, X. D. Wang, K. N. Zhou, and Y. Guo, “Study of the multipass amplification of the chirped pulse and its inverse problem,” Acta Phys. Sin. 54, 4696–1701 (2005).

L.Q. Liu, H. S. Peng, X. F. Wei, X. M. Zen, Z. T. Peng, X. J. Huang, X. D. Wang, K. N. Zhou, X. Wang, Q. H. Zhu, X. L. Chu, and Y. Guo, “Spectral gain narrowing compensation modulation function in high power ultra-short pulse laser system,” High Power Laser and Particle Beams 17, 856–860 (2005).

Kapteyn, H. C.

M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, and R. W. Falcone, “Generation and application of ultrafast X-ray sources,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2417–2422 (1989).
[CrossRef]

M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, and R. W. Falcone, “High-density plasmas produced by ultrafast laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 62, 155–158 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kartz, M.

D. M. Pennington, C. G. Brown, T. E. Cowan, S. P. Hatchett, E. Henry, S. Herman, M. Kartz, M. Key, J. Koch, A. J. MacKinnon, M. D. Perry, T. W. Phillips, M. Roth, T. C. Sangster, M. Singh, R. A. Snavely, M. Stoyer, B. C. Stuart, and S. C. Wilks, “Petawatt laser system and experiments,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 676–688 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Key, M.

D. M. Pennington, C. G. Brown, T. E. Cowan, S. P. Hatchett, E. Henry, S. Herman, M. Kartz, M. Key, J. Koch, A. J. MacKinnon, M. D. Perry, T. W. Phillips, M. Roth, T. C. Sangster, M. Singh, R. A. Snavely, M. Stoyer, B. C. Stuart, and S. C. Wilks, “Petawatt laser system and experiments,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 676–688 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Koch, J.

D. M. Pennington, C. G. Brown, T. E. Cowan, S. P. Hatchett, E. Henry, S. Herman, M. Kartz, M. Key, J. Koch, A. J. MacKinnon, M. D. Perry, T. W. Phillips, M. Roth, T. C. Sangster, M. Singh, R. A. Snavely, M. Stoyer, B. C. Stuart, and S. C. Wilks, “Petawatt laser system and experiments,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 676–688 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Komashko, A. M.

J. A. Britten, W. A. Molander, A. M. Komashko, and C. P. Barty, “Multilayer dielectric grating for petawatt-class laser system,” Proc. SPIE 5273, 1–7 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Korn, G.

Kruer, W. L.

M. Tabak, J. Hammer, M. E. Glinsky, W. L. Kruer, S. C. Wilks, J. Woodworth, E. M. Campbell, M. D. Perry, and R. J. Mason, “Ignition and high gain with ultra-powerful lasers,” Phys. Plasmas 1, 1626–1634 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Kyrala, G. A.

J. A. Cobble, G. A. Kyrala, A. A. Hauer, A. J. Taylor, C. C. Gomez, N. D. Delamater, and G. T. Schappert, “Kilovolt x-ray spectroscopy of a subpicosecond-laser-excited source,” Phys. Rev. A 39, 454–457 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L’Huilier, A.

X. F. Li, A. L’Huilier, M. Ferray, L. A. Lompre, and G. Mainfray, “Multiple-harmonic generation in rare gases at high laser intensity,” Phys. Rev. A 39, 5751–5761 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lee, P. H. Y.

P. H. Y. Lee, D. E. Casperson, and G. T. Schappert, “Search for multiphoton-induced inner-shell excitations,” Phys. Rev. A 40, 1363–1366 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, H. F.

J. F. Tang, P. F. Gu, X. Liu, and H. F. Li, Modern Optical Thin Film Technology (Zhejiang U. Press, 2006).

Li, M.

M. Li, B. Zhang, Y. P. Dai, T. Wang, and Z. X. Fan, “Tolerance of ion beam etching on the multilayer dielectric thin film reflector for spectrum reshaping,” High Power Laser and Particle Beams. 21, 761–766 (2009).

M. Li, B. Zhang, Y. P. Dai, T. Wang, Z. X. Fan, and W. Huang, “Fabrication control functions of multilayer dielectric thin film reflector for spectrum reshaping,” Acta Opt. Sin. 29, 1352–1357 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Li, B. Zhang, Y. P. Dai, T. Wang, Z. X. Fan, and W. Huang, “Multilayer dielectric thin film reflector for spectrum reshaping of chirped pulse laser in Nd:glass chirped pulse amplification system,” Acta Phys. Sin. 57, 4542–4550 (2008).

X. L. Zhang, Z. Li, M. Li, and B. Zhang, “Compensation methods for alignment errors of tiled grating-pair compressor,” High Power Laser and Particle Beams 19, 623–629 (2007).

M. Li, B. Zhang, Y. Dai, Z. Fan, T. Wang, and W. Huang, “Medium film structure reflector for pulse width device (CN),” Patent (CN), ZL200720080292.X, October 22, 2008.

M. Li, B. Zhang, Y. Dai, Z. Fan, Z. Wang, and W. Huang, “Micro lens medium film structure reflecting lens for chirped pulse amplifying spectrum (P),” Patent (CN), ZL200710049516.5, March 12, 2008.

M. Li, Y. P. Dai, T. Wang, B. Zhang, and Z. Fan, “Auto-collimation plane modulation spectrum modulation shaping device for chirped pulse amplification (P),” Patent (CN), ZL200810033888.3, July 2008.

M. Li, B. Zhang, Y. Dai, and T. Wang, “Spectrum shaping and modulating method (P),” Patent (CN), ZL200810044818.8, July 30, 2008.

M. Li, Y. P. Dai, T. Wang, and B. Zhang, “Spectrum modulating and shaping device for amplifying chirped pulse (P),” Patent (CN), ZL200810033886.4, July 30, 2008.

M. Li, Y. P. Dai, T. Wang, B. Zhang, and Z. X. Fan, “Self-collimation concave modulation spectral modulation shaping device with compact structure (P),” Patent (CN), ZL200810033887.9, July 30, 2008.

Li, X. F.

X. F. Li, A. L’Huilier, M. Ferray, L. A. Lompre, and G. Mainfray, “Multiple-harmonic generation in rare gases at high laser intensity,” Phys. Rev. A 39, 5751–5761 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, Z.

X. L. Zhang, Z. Li, M. Li, and B. Zhang, “Compensation methods for alignment errors of tiled grating-pair compressor,” High Power Laser and Particle Beams 19, 623–629 (2007).

Lin, Z. Q.

Y. P. Dai, G. Xu, T. Wang, Z. Q. Lin, J. Q. Zhu, and Y. Gu, “Development of 1kJ PW laser beamline in SG-II Facility,” in European Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics 2007 and the International Quantum Electronics Conference (CLEOE-IQEC 2007) (2007), Vol. 1, pp. 17–22.

Z. Q. Lin, X. T. He, and J. Q. Zhu, “Laser fusion driver development in SIOM and some related optical technology progress in China,” in Pacific Rim Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (2007), Vol. 1, pp. 90–91.

Liu, L. Q.

L.Q. Liu, H. S. Peng, X. F. Wei, X. M. Zen, Z. T. Peng, X. J. Huang, X. D. Wang, K. N. Zhou, X. Wang, Q. H. Zhu, X. L. Chu, and Y. Guo, “Spectral gain narrowing compensation modulation function in high power ultra-short pulse laser system,” High Power Laser and Particle Beams 17, 856–860 (2005).

X. L. Chu, B. Zhang, B. W. Cai, X. F. Wei, Q. H. Zhu, X. J. Huang, X. D. Yuan, X. M. Zeng, L. Q. Liu, X. Wang, X. D. Wang, K. N. Zhou, and Y. Guo, “Study of the multipass amplification of the chirped pulse and its inverse problem,” Acta Phys. Sin. 54, 4696–1701 (2005).

Liu, X.

J. F. Tang, P. F. Gu, X. Liu, and H. F. Li, Modern Optical Thin Film Technology (Zhejiang U. Press, 2006).

Liu, Y.

X. H. Dong, Y. Liu, F. Y. Zhao, D. Q. Xu, X. D. Xu, Y. G. Zhou, X. Wang, C. R. Yao, Y. L. Hong, S. J. Fu, and C. Y. Xu, “Characteristic of a large-scale ion beam etcher based on radio frequency linear source,” Acta Univ. Sci. and Tech. China 37, 530–536 (2007).

X. D. Wang, Y. Liu, X. D. Xu, Y. L. Hong, and S. J. Fu, “Ion beam etching of quartz and BK7 glass,” Vac. Sci. Technol. 24, 397–400 (2004).

X. D. Wang, Y. Liu, Y. L. Hong, S. J. Fu, and X. D. Xu, “Reactive ion etching of HfO2 films,” Vac. Sci. Technol. 24, 313–316 (2004).

Lompre, L. A.

X. F. Li, A. L’Huilier, M. Ferray, L. A. Lompre, and G. Mainfray, “Multiple-harmonic generation in rare gases at high laser intensity,” Phys. Rev. A 39, 5751–5761 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lü, B. D.

B. Zhang and B. D. Lü, “Inverse problem of a laser amplifier system containing a spatial filter,” Acta Phys. Sin. 47, 1–8 (1998).

B. Zhang and B. D. Lü, “An inverse problem of multistage and multipass pulsed laser amplifiers,” Chin. J. Lasers 24, 495–500 (1997).

MacKinnon, A. J.

D. M. Pennington, C. G. Brown, T. E. Cowan, S. P. Hatchett, E. Henry, S. Herman, M. Kartz, M. Key, J. Koch, A. J. MacKinnon, M. D. Perry, T. W. Phillips, M. Roth, T. C. Sangster, M. Singh, R. A. Snavely, M. Stoyer, B. C. Stuart, and S. C. Wilks, “Petawatt laser system and experiments,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 676–688 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Mainfray, G.

X. F. Li, A. L’Huilier, M. Ferray, L. A. Lompre, and G. Mainfray, “Multiple-harmonic generation in rare gases at high laser intensity,” Phys. Rev. A 39, 5751–5761 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Martinez, E.

E. Martinez, “3000 times grating compressor with positive group velocity dispersion: Application to fiber compensation in 1.3–1.6 pm regime,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 59–64 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Mason, R. J.

M. Tabak, J. Hammer, M. E. Glinsky, W. L. Kruer, S. C. Wilks, J. Woodworth, E. M. Campbell, M. D. Perry, and R. J. Mason, “Ignition and high gain with ultra-powerful lasers,” Phys. Plasmas 1, 1626–1634 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Matsuoka, S.

K. Yamakawa, M. Aoyama, S. Matsuoka, H. Takuma, D. N. Fittinghoff, and C. P. J. Barty, “Ultrahigh-peak and high-average power chirped-pulse amplification of sub-20-fs pulses with Ti:Sapphire amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 385–394 (1998).
[CrossRef]

McMullen, J. D.

Meyerhofer, D. D.

Milchberg, H.

R. R. Freeman, P. H. Bucksbaum, H. Milchberg, S. Darack, D. Schumacher, and M. E. Geusic, “Above-threshold ionization with subpicosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 1092–1095 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Molander, W. A.

J. A. Britten, W. A. Molander, A. M. Komashko, and C. P. Barty, “Multilayer dielectric grating for petawatt-class laser system,” Proc. SPIE 5273, 1–7 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Murnane, M. M.

M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, and R. W. Falcone, “Generation and application of ultrafast X-ray sources,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2417–2422 (1989).
[CrossRef]

M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, and R. W. Falcone, “High-density plasmas produced by ultrafast laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 62, 155–158 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Patterson, F. G.

Peatross, J.

Peng, H. M.

H. M. Peng and S. J. Wang, X-Ray Lasers (Defense Industry, 1997).

Peng, H. S.

L.Q. Liu, H. S. Peng, X. F. Wei, X. M. Zen, Z. T. Peng, X. J. Huang, X. D. Wang, K. N. Zhou, X. Wang, Q. H. Zhu, X. L. Chu, and Y. Guo, “Spectral gain narrowing compensation modulation function in high power ultra-short pulse laser system,” High Power Laser and Particle Beams 17, 856–860 (2005).

Peng, Z. T.

L.Q. Liu, H. S. Peng, X. F. Wei, X. M. Zen, Z. T. Peng, X. J. Huang, X. D. Wang, K. N. Zhou, X. Wang, Q. H. Zhu, X. L. Chu, and Y. Guo, “Spectral gain narrowing compensation modulation function in high power ultra-short pulse laser system,” High Power Laser and Particle Beams 17, 856–860 (2005).

Pennington, D. M.

D. M. Pennington, C. G. Brown, T. E. Cowan, S. P. Hatchett, E. Henry, S. Herman, M. Kartz, M. Key, J. Koch, A. J. MacKinnon, M. D. Perry, T. W. Phillips, M. Roth, T. C. Sangster, M. Singh, R. A. Snavely, M. Stoyer, B. C. Stuart, and S. C. Wilks, “Petawatt laser system and experiments,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 676–688 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Perry, M. D.

D. M. Pennington, C. G. Brown, T. E. Cowan, S. P. Hatchett, E. Henry, S. Herman, M. Kartz, M. Key, J. Koch, A. J. MacKinnon, M. D. Perry, T. W. Phillips, M. Roth, T. C. Sangster, M. Singh, R. A. Snavely, M. Stoyer, B. C. Stuart, and S. C. Wilks, “Petawatt laser system and experiments,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 676–688 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. Tabak, J. Hammer, M. E. Glinsky, W. L. Kruer, S. C. Wilks, J. Woodworth, E. M. Campbell, M. D. Perry, and R. J. Mason, “Ignition and high gain with ultra-powerful lasers,” Phys. Plasmas 1, 1626–1634 (1994).
[CrossRef]

M. D. Perry and F. G. Patterson, “Spectral shaping in chirped-pulse amplification,” Opt. Lett. 15, 381–383 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Phillips, T. W.

D. M. Pennington, C. G. Brown, T. E. Cowan, S. P. Hatchett, E. Henry, S. Herman, M. Kartz, M. Key, J. Koch, A. J. MacKinnon, M. D. Perry, T. W. Phillips, M. Roth, T. C. Sangster, M. Singh, R. A. Snavely, M. Stoyer, B. C. Stuart, and S. C. Wilks, “Petawatt laser system and experiments,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 676–688 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Raksi, F.

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Roth, M.

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M. Li, B. Zhang, Y. P. Dai, T. Wang, Z. X. Fan, and W. Huang, “Fabrication control functions of multilayer dielectric thin film reflector for spectrum reshaping,” Acta Opt. Sin. 29, 1352–1357 (2009).
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M. Li, B. Zhang, Y. Dai, and T. Wang, “Spectrum shaping and modulating method (P),” Patent (CN), ZL200810044818.8, July 30, 2008.

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X. L. Chu, B. Zhang, B. W. Cai, X. F. Wei, Q. H. Zhu, X. J. Huang, X. D. Yuan, X. M. Zeng, L. Q. Liu, X. Wang, X. D. Wang, K. N. Zhou, and Y. Guo, “Study of the multipass amplification of the chirped pulse and its inverse problem,” Acta Phys. Sin. 54, 4696–1701 (2005).

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X. L. Chu, B. Zhang, B. W. Cai, X. F. Wei, Q. H. Zhu, X. J. Huang, X. D. Yuan, X. M. Zeng, L. Q. Liu, X. Wang, X. D. Wang, K. N. Zhou, and Y. Guo, “Study of the multipass amplification of the chirped pulse and its inverse problem,” Acta Phys. Sin. 54, 4696–1701 (2005).

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M. Tabak, J. Hammer, M. E. Glinsky, W. L. Kruer, S. C. Wilks, J. Woodworth, E. M. Campbell, M. D. Perry, and R. J. Mason, “Ignition and high gain with ultra-powerful lasers,” Phys. Plasmas 1, 1626–1634 (1994).
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X. H. Dong, Y. Liu, F. Y. Zhao, D. Q. Xu, X. D. Xu, Y. G. Zhou, X. Wang, C. R. Yao, Y. L. Hong, S. J. Fu, and C. Y. Xu, “Characteristic of a large-scale ion beam etcher based on radio frequency linear source,” Acta Univ. Sci. and Tech. China 37, 530–536 (2007).

Xu, D. Q.

X. H. Dong, Y. Liu, F. Y. Zhao, D. Q. Xu, X. D. Xu, Y. G. Zhou, X. Wang, C. R. Yao, Y. L. Hong, S. J. Fu, and C. Y. Xu, “Characteristic of a large-scale ion beam etcher based on radio frequency linear source,” Acta Univ. Sci. and Tech. China 37, 530–536 (2007).

Xu, G.

Y. P. Dai, G. Xu, T. Wang, Z. Q. Lin, J. Q. Zhu, and Y. Gu, “Development of 1kJ PW laser beamline in SG-II Facility,” in European Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics 2007 and the International Quantum Electronics Conference (CLEOE-IQEC 2007) (2007), Vol. 1, pp. 17–22.

Xu, X. D.

X. H. Dong, Y. Liu, F. Y. Zhao, D. Q. Xu, X. D. Xu, Y. G. Zhou, X. Wang, C. R. Yao, Y. L. Hong, S. J. Fu, and C. Y. Xu, “Characteristic of a large-scale ion beam etcher based on radio frequency linear source,” Acta Univ. Sci. and Tech. China 37, 530–536 (2007).

X. D. Wang, Y. Liu, X. D. Xu, Y. L. Hong, and S. J. Fu, “Ion beam etching of quartz and BK7 glass,” Vac. Sci. Technol. 24, 397–400 (2004).

X. D. Wang, Y. Liu, Y. L. Hong, S. J. Fu, and X. D. Xu, “Reactive ion etching of HfO2 films,” Vac. Sci. Technol. 24, 313–316 (2004).

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K. Yamakawa, M. Aoyama, S. Matsuoka, H. Takuma, D. N. Fittinghoff, and C. P. J. Barty, “Ultrahigh-peak and high-average power chirped-pulse amplification of sub-20-fs pulses with Ti:Sapphire amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 385–394 (1998).
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X. L. Chu, B. Zhang, B. W. Cai, X. F. Wei, Q. H. Zhu, X. J. Huang, X. D. Yuan, X. M. Zeng, L. Q. Liu, X. Wang, X. D. Wang, K. N. Zhou, and Y. Guo, “Study of the multipass amplification of the chirped pulse and its inverse problem,” Acta Phys. Sin. 54, 4696–1701 (2005).

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L.Q. Liu, H. S. Peng, X. F. Wei, X. M. Zen, Z. T. Peng, X. J. Huang, X. D. Wang, K. N. Zhou, X. Wang, Q. H. Zhu, X. L. Chu, and Y. Guo, “Spectral gain narrowing compensation modulation function in high power ultra-short pulse laser system,” High Power Laser and Particle Beams 17, 856–860 (2005).

Zeng, X. M.

X. L. Chu, B. Zhang, B. W. Cai, X. F. Wei, Q. H. Zhu, X. J. Huang, X. D. Yuan, X. M. Zeng, L. Q. Liu, X. Wang, X. D. Wang, K. N. Zhou, and Y. Guo, “Study of the multipass amplification of the chirped pulse and its inverse problem,” Acta Phys. Sin. 54, 4696–1701 (2005).

Zhang, B.

M. Li, B. Zhang, Y. P. Dai, T. Wang, and Z. X. Fan, “Tolerance of ion beam etching on the multilayer dielectric thin film reflector for spectrum reshaping,” High Power Laser and Particle Beams. 21, 761–766 (2009).

M. Li, B. Zhang, Y. P. Dai, T. Wang, Z. X. Fan, and W. Huang, “Fabrication control functions of multilayer dielectric thin film reflector for spectrum reshaping,” Acta Opt. Sin. 29, 1352–1357 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Li, B. Zhang, Y. P. Dai, T. Wang, Z. X. Fan, and W. Huang, “Multilayer dielectric thin film reflector for spectrum reshaping of chirped pulse laser in Nd:glass chirped pulse amplification system,” Acta Phys. Sin. 57, 4542–4550 (2008).

X. L. Zhang, Z. Li, M. Li, and B. Zhang, “Compensation methods for alignment errors of tiled grating-pair compressor,” High Power Laser and Particle Beams 19, 623–629 (2007).

X. L. Chu, B. Zhang, B. W. Cai, X. F. Wei, Q. H. Zhu, X. J. Huang, X. D. Yuan, X. M. Zeng, L. Q. Liu, X. Wang, X. D. Wang, K. N. Zhou, and Y. Guo, “Study of the multipass amplification of the chirped pulse and its inverse problem,” Acta Phys. Sin. 54, 4696–1701 (2005).

B. Zhang and B. D. Lü, “Inverse problem of a laser amplifier system containing a spatial filter,” Acta Phys. Sin. 47, 1–8 (1998).

B. Zhang and B. D. Lü, “An inverse problem of multistage and multipass pulsed laser amplifiers,” Chin. J. Lasers 24, 495–500 (1997).

M. Li, B. Zhang, Y. Dai, Z. Fan, T. Wang, and W. Huang, “Medium film structure reflector for pulse width device (CN),” Patent (CN), ZL200720080292.X, October 22, 2008.

M. Li, B. Zhang, Y. Dai, Z. Fan, Z. Wang, and W. Huang, “Micro lens medium film structure reflecting lens for chirped pulse amplifying spectrum (P),” Patent (CN), ZL200710049516.5, March 12, 2008.

M. Li, Y. P. Dai, T. Wang, B. Zhang, and Z. Fan, “Auto-collimation plane modulation spectrum modulation shaping device for chirped pulse amplification (P),” Patent (CN), ZL200810033888.3, July 2008.

M. Li, B. Zhang, Y. Dai, and T. Wang, “Spectrum shaping and modulating method (P),” Patent (CN), ZL200810044818.8, July 30, 2008.

M. Li, Y. P. Dai, T. Wang, and B. Zhang, “Spectrum modulating and shaping device for amplifying chirped pulse (P),” Patent (CN), ZL200810033886.4, July 30, 2008.

M. Li, Y. P. Dai, T. Wang, B. Zhang, and Z. X. Fan, “Self-collimation concave modulation spectral modulation shaping device with compact structure (P),” Patent (CN), ZL200810033887.9, July 30, 2008.

Zhang, D. Y.

K. X. Fu, D. Y. Zhang, Z. H. Wang, Q. Z. Zhang, and J. Zhang, “Rigorous modal theory of phase grating and the total reflectance property,” Acta Phys. Sin. 47, 1278–1289 (1998).

Zhang, J.

K. X. Fu, D. Y. Zhang, Z. H. Wang, Q. Z. Zhang, and J. Zhang, “Rigorous modal theory of phase grating and the total reflectance property,” Acta Phys. Sin. 47, 1278–1289 (1998).

Zhang, Q. Z.

K. X. Fu, D. Y. Zhang, Z. H. Wang, Q. Z. Zhang, and J. Zhang, “Rigorous modal theory of phase grating and the total reflectance property,” Acta Phys. Sin. 47, 1278–1289 (1998).

Zhang, X. L.

X. L. Zhang, Z. Li, M. Li, and B. Zhang, “Compensation methods for alignment errors of tiled grating-pair compressor,” High Power Laser and Particle Beams 19, 623–629 (2007).

Zhao, F. Y.

X. H. Dong, Y. Liu, F. Y. Zhao, D. Q. Xu, X. D. Xu, Y. G. Zhou, X. Wang, C. R. Yao, Y. L. Hong, S. J. Fu, and C. Y. Xu, “Characteristic of a large-scale ion beam etcher based on radio frequency linear source,” Acta Univ. Sci. and Tech. China 37, 530–536 (2007).

Zhou, K. N.

L.Q. Liu, H. S. Peng, X. F. Wei, X. M. Zen, Z. T. Peng, X. J. Huang, X. D. Wang, K. N. Zhou, X. Wang, Q. H. Zhu, X. L. Chu, and Y. Guo, “Spectral gain narrowing compensation modulation function in high power ultra-short pulse laser system,” High Power Laser and Particle Beams 17, 856–860 (2005).

X. L. Chu, B. Zhang, B. W. Cai, X. F. Wei, Q. H. Zhu, X. J. Huang, X. D. Yuan, X. M. Zeng, L. Q. Liu, X. Wang, X. D. Wang, K. N. Zhou, and Y. Guo, “Study of the multipass amplification of the chirped pulse and its inverse problem,” Acta Phys. Sin. 54, 4696–1701 (2005).

Zhou, Y. G.

X. H. Dong, Y. Liu, F. Y. Zhao, D. Q. Xu, X. D. Xu, Y. G. Zhou, X. Wang, C. R. Yao, Y. L. Hong, S. J. Fu, and C. Y. Xu, “Characteristic of a large-scale ion beam etcher based on radio frequency linear source,” Acta Univ. Sci. and Tech. China 37, 530–536 (2007).

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Zhu, Q. H.

X. L. Chu, B. Zhang, B. W. Cai, X. F. Wei, Q. H. Zhu, X. J. Huang, X. D. Yuan, X. M. Zeng, L. Q. Liu, X. Wang, X. D. Wang, K. N. Zhou, and Y. Guo, “Study of the multipass amplification of the chirped pulse and its inverse problem,” Acta Phys. Sin. 54, 4696–1701 (2005).

L.Q. Liu, H. S. Peng, X. F. Wei, X. M. Zen, Z. T. Peng, X. J. Huang, X. D. Wang, K. N. Zhou, X. Wang, Q. H. Zhu, X. L. Chu, and Y. Guo, “Spectral gain narrowing compensation modulation function in high power ultra-short pulse laser system,” High Power Laser and Particle Beams 17, 856–860 (2005).

Acta Opt. Sin. (1)

M. Li, B. Zhang, Y. P. Dai, T. Wang, Z. X. Fan, and W. Huang, “Fabrication control functions of multilayer dielectric thin film reflector for spectrum reshaping,” Acta Opt. Sin. 29, 1352–1357 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Acta Phys. Sin. (4)

K. X. Fu, D. Y. Zhang, Z. H. Wang, Q. Z. Zhang, and J. Zhang, “Rigorous modal theory of phase grating and the total reflectance property,” Acta Phys. Sin. 47, 1278–1289 (1998).

X. L. Chu, B. Zhang, B. W. Cai, X. F. Wei, Q. H. Zhu, X. J. Huang, X. D. Yuan, X. M. Zeng, L. Q. Liu, X. Wang, X. D. Wang, K. N. Zhou, and Y. Guo, “Study of the multipass amplification of the chirped pulse and its inverse problem,” Acta Phys. Sin. 54, 4696–1701 (2005).

B. Zhang and B. D. Lü, “Inverse problem of a laser amplifier system containing a spatial filter,” Acta Phys. Sin. 47, 1–8 (1998).

M. Li, B. Zhang, Y. P. Dai, T. Wang, Z. X. Fan, and W. Huang, “Multilayer dielectric thin film reflector for spectrum reshaping of chirped pulse laser in Nd:glass chirped pulse amplification system,” Acta Phys. Sin. 57, 4542–4550 (2008).

Acta Univ. Sci. and Tech. China (1)

X. H. Dong, Y. Liu, F. Y. Zhao, D. Q. Xu, X. D. Xu, Y. G. Zhou, X. Wang, C. R. Yao, Y. L. Hong, S. J. Fu, and C. Y. Xu, “Characteristic of a large-scale ion beam etcher based on radio frequency linear source,” Acta Univ. Sci. and Tech. China 37, 530–536 (2007).

Appl. Opt. (1)

Chin. J. Lasers (1)

B. Zhang and B. D. Lü, “An inverse problem of multistage and multipass pulsed laser amplifiers,” Chin. J. Lasers 24, 495–500 (1997).

High Power Laser and Particle Beams (2)

X. L. Zhang, Z. Li, M. Li, and B. Zhang, “Compensation methods for alignment errors of tiled grating-pair compressor,” High Power Laser and Particle Beams 19, 623–629 (2007).

L.Q. Liu, H. S. Peng, X. F. Wei, X. M. Zen, Z. T. Peng, X. J. Huang, X. D. Wang, K. N. Zhou, X. Wang, Q. H. Zhu, X. L. Chu, and Y. Guo, “Spectral gain narrowing compensation modulation function in high power ultra-short pulse laser system,” High Power Laser and Particle Beams 17, 856–860 (2005).

High Power Laser and Particle Beams. (1)

M. Li, B. Zhang, Y. P. Dai, T. Wang, and Z. X. Fan, “Tolerance of ion beam etching on the multilayer dielectric thin film reflector for spectrum reshaping,” High Power Laser and Particle Beams. 21, 761–766 (2009).

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of CPA petawatt laser system.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

The typical microstructure in multilayer dielectric thin film as functional reflector for spectra shaping. (Here, label K9 is a K9 glass substrate for coating the film. Label H is the high reflective index medium HfO 2 with 134 nm. Label L is the low reflective index medium SiO 2 with 180 nm. Label Air is the reflective index medium air, and the pagoda-step microstructure is a complex material like SiO 2 .)

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

The shaped spectra on the surface of the functional reflector at different modulation depths (curve c1 and c modulations with 30% and 60%, respectively). (a) Center modulation. (b) Off-center modulation.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Spectral and phase properties of multilayer dielectric film mirror.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Reflectivity varied with the etching error. (a) Dashed lines indicate etching the high reflective index medium. (b) Solid lines indicate etching the low reflective index medium.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Energy change via the modulation and after the amplified (a) energy integral of input, (b) spectra of amplified output via central modulation, (c) spectra of amplified output via off-center modulation, (d) energy integral of amplified chirped pulse.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Laser temporal pulses reveal pulse-to-noise ratios. (a) Pulses after the functional reflector and the fine-tuning dispersion compressor (curve a indicates the magnitude after modulation, curve b indicates the intensity after modulation, curve c indicates the magnitude before modulation, and curve d indicates the intensity before modulation). (b) Laser temporal pulses after final amplification and final compression (curve a indicates without the spectrum shaping; curve b indicates after the spectrum shaping).

Equations (20)

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{ I ( t , z ) z = σ ( ω ) N ( t , z ) I ( t , z ) N ( t , z ) t = 2 ω σ ( ω ) N ( t , z ) I ( t , z ) , }
E 0 ( ω , 0 ) = A ( ω ) exp { i ( ϕ s ( ω ) + ϕ e ( ω ) ) } ,
E 0 ( ω , L ) = A ( ω ) [ R ( ω ) G ( ω ( t ) , L ) ] 1 / 2 exp { i [ ϕ s ( ω ) + ϕ e ( ω ) + ϕ a ( ω ) + ϕ d ( ω ) + ϕ c ( ω ) ] } ,
A ( ω ) = f ( ω ) g ( ω ) ,
{ f ( ω ) = exp [ ( ω ω 0 Δ ω 0 ) 2 m ] g ( ω ) = 1 k d   exp [ ( ω ω 1 Δ ω 1 ) 2 ] } ,
M g ( x [ j ] , ω g , x d , A d ) = 1 A d   exp [ ( x [ j ] x d ) 2 / ω g 2 ] ,
A ( t ) = A L   exp [ 1 2 ( t τ ) 2 m ] exp { i [ 1 2 b ( t τ ) 2 + ϕ NL ( t ) ] } .
E ( ω , L ) = f ( ω ) g ( ω ) [ R ( ω ) G ( ω ( t ) , L ) ] 1 / 2   exp { i [ ϕ s ( ω ) + ϕ e ( ω ) + ϕ a ( ω ) + ϕ d ( ω ) ] } .
E out ( t , z ) = [ i b 2 π τ 2 ] 1 / 2 exp { i b 2 [ t τ ] 2 } + A ( t ) [ R G ( t , z ) ] 1 / 2 { 1 A m   exp [ ( t t d ) 2 / t ( ω g ) 2 ] } exp { i [ ϕ NL ( t ) + ϕ SPM ( t ) + ϕ a ( t ) ] } exp { i b t t τ 2 } d t .
SNR ( T 10   ps 100   ps ) = | E out ( 0 ) | 2 Max { lim t 10   ps t 100   ps | E out ( t ) | 2 } ,
R = [ 1 ( n H / n L ) 2 m ( n H 2 / n g ) 1 + ( n H / n L ) 2 m ( n H 2 / n g ) ] 2 ,
Δ λ = λ e 2 λ e 1 = { 4 π λ 0   arcsin ( n H / n L ) 1 ( n H / n L ) + 1 } { π 2 4 arcsin 2 ( n H / n L ) 1 ( n H / n L ) + 1 } ,
x [ j ] = w g 2 { ln [ A / ( 1 ( η 0 B j + 1 C j + 1 η 0 B j + 1 + C j + 1 ) ( η 0 B j + 1 C j + 1 η 0 B j + 1 + C j + 1 ) ) ] } { + ln [ A / ( 1 ( η 0 B j C j η 0 B j + C j ) ( η 0 B j C j η 0 B j + C j ) ) ] } ,
z [ j ] = ( 1 n H + 1 n L ) λ ( M j ) 4   cos ( θ j ) ,
δ d = 2 π λ n d ( d j + 1 + Δ ) cos ( θ j + 1 ) ,
cos ( δ d ) 4 = U U V V ,
( η d 2 η m + 1 2 ) { [ c + d η d + η 0 ( a + b η d ) ] [ η 0 ( a b η d ) + c d η d ] R d + [ c d η d η 0 ( a b η d ) ] [ η 0 ( a + b η d ) c d η d ] } ,
( a b c d ) = { { j = 1 m ( cos ( δ j ) i   sin ( δ j ) / η j i η j   sin ( δ j ) cos ( δ j ) ) } } .
Δ max = min { λ 2 π n d   cos ( θ j + 1 ) [ π 2 arcsinh ( U U V V ) 1 / 4 ] ,
j = 0 , 1 , 2 , , M } .

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