Abstract

Enhancement of Brillouin gain efficiency in a multiwavelength L-band Brillouin-erbium comb fiber laser is presented. In this laser architecture, bi-directional amplification of the injected Brillouin pump signal within the erbium gain medium, before entering the single-mode fiber was utilized. Owing to this bi-directional pre-amplification of the Brillouin pump power, the requirement of a long single-mode fiber to increase the Brillouin gain efficiency was overcome. The shot length of a single-mode fiber was utilized to achieve a high number of output channels with high peak power. Up to 25 output channels with a constant wavelength separation of 0.089 nm were achieved at 170 mW of 1480 nm pump power and 0.54 mW of Brillouin pump power in a 0.5 km short single-mode fiber.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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2010 (1)

B. Dong, D. P. Zhou, and L. Wei, “Tunable multiwavelength Brillouin–Erbium fiber laser by controlling self-lasing cavity modes’ oscillation,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 16, 17–19 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (3)

2008 (1)

2007 (1)

2006 (2)

2005 (3)

Y. Shen, X. Zhang, and K. Chen, “All-optical generation of microwave and millimeter wave using a two-frequency Bragg grating-based Brillouin fiber laser,” J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 1860–1865 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. W. Harun, X. S. Cheng, N. K. Saat, and H. Ahmad, “S-band Brillouin erbium fiber laser,” Electron. Lett. 41, 174–176 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. A. Haddud, M. H. Al-Mansoori, M. Z. A. Kadir, S. Shaharudin, M. K. Abdullah, and M. A. Mahdi, “24-line of Brillouin-Erbium fiber utilizing Fabry Perot cavity in L-band,” Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 45, 165–167 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

2002 (1)

S. W. Harun and H. Ahmed, “Multiwavelength laser comb in L-band region with dual-cavity Brillouin/erbium fiber laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 2 41, L1234–L1236 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

1998 (2)

J. J. Veselka and S. K. Korotky, “A multiwavelength source having precise channel spacing for WDM systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 958–960 (1998).
[CrossRef]

L. Chen and X. Bao, “Analytical and numerical solutions for steady state stimulated Brillouin scattering in a single-mode fiber,” Opt. Commun. 152, 65–70 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

G. J. Cowle and D. Y. Stepanov, “Multiple wavelength generation with Brillouin/erbium fiber lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1465–1467 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Abad, S.

Abdul Rashid, H. A.

Abdullah, M. K.

M. H. Al-Mansoori, S. J. Iqbal, M. K. Abdullah, and M. A. Mahdi, “Low threshold characteristics of an L-band Brillouin-erbium comb fiber laser in a linear cavity,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23, 2281–2284 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. A. Haddud, M. H. Al-Mansoori, M. Z. A. Kadir, S. Shaharudin, M. K. Abdullah, and M. A. Mahdi, “24-line of Brillouin-Erbium fiber utilizing Fabry Perot cavity in L-band,” Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 45, 165–167 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Adamiat, A.

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, 2007).

Ahmad, H.

S. W. Harun, X. S. Cheng, N. K. Saat, and H. Ahmad, “S-band Brillouin erbium fiber laser,” Electron. Lett. 41, 174–176 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ahmed, H.

S. W. Harun and H. Ahmed, “Multiwavelength laser comb in L-band region with dual-cavity Brillouin/erbium fiber laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 2 41, L1234–L1236 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ajiya, M.

Al-Mansoori, M. H.

Bao, X.

L. Chen and X. Bao, “Analytical and numerical solutions for steady state stimulated Brillouin scattering in a single-mode fiber,” Opt. Commun. 152, 65–70 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Chen, K.

Chen, L.

L. Chen and X. Bao, “Analytical and numerical solutions for steady state stimulated Brillouin scattering in a single-mode fiber,” Opt. Commun. 152, 65–70 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, X. S.

S. W. Harun, X. S. Cheng, N. K. Saat, and H. Ahmad, “S-band Brillouin erbium fiber laser,” Electron. Lett. 41, 174–176 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Choudhury, P. K.

Cowle, G. J.

G. J. Cowle and D. Y. Stepanov, “Multiple wavelength generation with Brillouin/erbium fiber lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1465–1467 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Culshaw, B.

Dong, B.

B. Dong, D. P. Zhou, and L. Wei, “Tunable multiwavelength Brillouin–Erbium fiber laser by controlling self-lasing cavity modes’ oscillation,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 16, 17–19 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Haddud, T. A.

T. A. Haddud, M. H. Al-Mansoori, M. Z. A. Kadir, S. Shaharudin, M. K. Abdullah, and M. A. Mahdi, “24-line of Brillouin-Erbium fiber utilizing Fabry Perot cavity in L-band,” Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 45, 165–167 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Harrison, R. G.

Harun, S. W.

S. W. Harun, X. S. Cheng, N. K. Saat, and H. Ahmad, “S-band Brillouin erbium fiber laser,” Electron. Lett. 41, 174–176 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. W. Harun and H. Ahmed, “Multiwavelength laser comb in L-band region with dual-cavity Brillouin/erbium fiber laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 2 41, L1234–L1236 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hitam, S.

Iqbal, S. J.

Jarabo, S.

Johari, M. I.

Junker, M.

Kadir, M. Z. A.

T. A. Haddud, M. H. Al-Mansoori, M. Z. A. Kadir, S. Shaharudin, M. K. Abdullah, and M. A. Mahdi, “24-line of Brillouin-Erbium fiber utilizing Fabry Perot cavity in L-band,” Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 45, 165–167 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Korotky, S. K.

J. J. Veselka and S. K. Korotky, “A multiwavelength source having precise channel spacing for WDM systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 958–960 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kovalev, V. I.

Lauterbach, K. U.

López-Amo, M.

Mahdi, M. A.

M. Ajiya, M. A. Mahdi, M. H. Al-Mansoori, M. Mokhtar, and S. Hitam, “Broadly tunable multiple wavelength Brillouin fiber laser exploiting erbium amplification,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26, 1789–1794 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. H. Al-Mansoori, M. A. Mahdi, and M. Premaratne, “Novel multiwavelength L-Band Brillouin-Erbium fiber laser utilizing double-pass Brillouin pump preamplified technique,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 415–421 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. H. Al-Mansoori and M. A. Mahdi, “Tunable range enhancement of Brillouin-erbium fiber laser utilizing Brillouin pump preamplification technique,” Opt. Express 16, 7649–7654 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. H. Al-Mansoori, S. J. Iqbal, M. K. Abdullah, and M. A. Mahdi, “Low threshold characteristics of an L-band Brillouin-erbium comb fiber laser in a linear cavity,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23, 2281–2284 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. A. Haddud, M. H. Al-Mansoori, M. Z. A. Kadir, S. Shaharudin, M. K. Abdullah, and M. A. Mahdi, “24-line of Brillouin-Erbium fiber utilizing Fabry Perot cavity in L-band,” Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 45, 165–167 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mokhtar, M.

Premaratne, M.

M. H. Al-Mansoori, M. A. Mahdi, and M. Premaratne, “Novel multiwavelength L-Band Brillouin-Erbium fiber laser utilizing double-pass Brillouin pump preamplified technique,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 415–421 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Saat, N. K.

S. W. Harun, X. S. Cheng, N. K. Saat, and H. Ahmad, “S-band Brillouin erbium fiber laser,” Electron. Lett. 41, 174–176 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Schneider, T.

Shahabuddin, N. S.

Shaharudin, S.

T. A. Haddud, M. H. Al-Mansoori, M. Z. A. Kadir, S. Shaharudin, M. K. Abdullah, and M. A. Mahdi, “24-line of Brillouin-Erbium fiber utilizing Fabry Perot cavity in L-band,” Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 45, 165–167 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Shen, Y.

Stepanov, D. Y.

G. J. Cowle and D. Y. Stepanov, “Multiple wavelength generation with Brillouin/erbium fiber lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1465–1467 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Steward, G.

Talaverano, L.

Veselka, J. J.

J. J. Veselka and S. K. Korotky, “A multiwavelength source having precise channel spacing for WDM systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 958–960 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Wei, L.

B. Dong, D. P. Zhou, and L. Wei, “Tunable multiwavelength Brillouin–Erbium fiber laser by controlling self-lasing cavity modes’ oscillation,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 16, 17–19 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Whitenett, G.

Yu, H.

Yusoff, Z.

Zhang, X.

Zhou, D. P.

B. Dong, D. P. Zhou, and L. Wei, “Tunable multiwavelength Brillouin–Erbium fiber laser by controlling self-lasing cavity modes’ oscillation,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 16, 17–19 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

S. W. Harun, X. S. Cheng, N. K. Saat, and H. Ahmad, “S-band Brillouin erbium fiber laser,” Electron. Lett. 41, 174–176 (2005).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

M. H. Al-Mansoori, M. A. Mahdi, and M. Premaratne, “Novel multiwavelength L-Band Brillouin-Erbium fiber laser utilizing double-pass Brillouin pump preamplified technique,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 415–421 (2009).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

J. J. Veselka and S. K. Korotky, “A multiwavelength source having precise channel spacing for WDM systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 958–960 (1998).
[CrossRef]

G. J. Cowle and D. Y. Stepanov, “Multiple wavelength generation with Brillouin/erbium fiber lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1465–1467 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (3)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (4)

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 2 (1)

S. W. Harun and H. Ahmed, “Multiwavelength laser comb in L-band region with dual-cavity Brillouin/erbium fiber laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 2 41, L1234–L1236 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. (1)

T. A. Haddud, M. H. Al-Mansoori, M. Z. A. Kadir, S. Shaharudin, M. K. Abdullah, and M. A. Mahdi, “24-line of Brillouin-Erbium fiber utilizing Fabry Perot cavity in L-band,” Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 45, 165–167 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

L. Chen and X. Bao, “Analytical and numerical solutions for steady state stimulated Brillouin scattering in a single-mode fiber,” Opt. Commun. 152, 65–70 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Fiber Technol. (1)

B. Dong, D. P. Zhou, and L. Wei, “Tunable multiwavelength Brillouin–Erbium fiber laser by controlling self-lasing cavity modes’ oscillation,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 16, 17–19 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, 2007).

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of a Fabry–Perot cavity multiwavelength BEFL with bi-directional (DP) Brillouin pump pre-amplified technique.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Brillouin gain verses Brillouin pump power at 10 dB EDFA gain and 0.5 km of SMF-28 fiber length.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Free-running laser cavity modes at 50 and 100 mW of 1480 nm pump power (PP) when no Brillouin pump power is injected.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Threshold power of Brillouin Stokes signals at different Brillouin pump powers for direct and DP pre-amplified Brillouin pump; its wavelength is set at 1605 nm and 0.5 km of SMF-28 fiber length.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Number of output channels against 1480 nm pump power at 1605 nm Brillouin pump wavelength with power of 2.2 mW for direct-injection and DP pre-amplification Brillouin pump structures; 0.5 km SMF-28.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Output spectrum at 150 and 2.2 mW of 1480 nm pump and Brillouin pump powers, respectively, for (a) direct-injection technique and (b) DP pre-amplification technique; Brillouin pump wavelength at 1605 nm.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Output spectrum of multiwavelength BEFL at 170 mW of 1480 nm pump power and 1604 nm Brillouin pump wavelength with power of 0.54 mW.

Equations (5)

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d P B ( z ) d z = g B A eff P S ( z ) P B ( z ) α P B ( z ) ,
d P S ( z ) d z = g B A eff P B ( z ) P S ( z ) + α P S ( z ) ,
G B = P S ( 0 ) P S ( L ) .
P S ( L ) = P S ( 0 ) [ P B ( 0 ) P S ( 0 ) ] P B ( 0 ) exp { g B A eff [ P B ( 0 ) P S ( 0 ) ] L } P S ( 0 ) .
P S ( L ) = P S ( 0 ) [ P B ( 0 ) G E 2 ( 1 R ) P S ( 0 ) ] P B ( 0 ) G E 2 ( 1 R ) exp { g B A eff [ P B ( 0 ) G E 2 ( 1 R ) P S ( 0 ) ] L } P S ( 0 ) ,

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