The possibility of second-harmonic generation based on surface dipole and bulk multipole nonlinearities in silica nanowires is investigated numerically. Both circular and microstructured nanowires are considered. Phase matching is provided by propagating the pump field in the fundamental mode, while generating the second harmonic in one of the modes of the multiplet. This is shown to work in both circular and microstructured nanowires, although only one of the modes can be phase-matched in the microstructure. The prospect of obtaining large conversion efficiencies in silica-based nanowires is critically discussed, based on simulations of second-harmonic generation in nanowires with a fluctuating phase-matching wavelength. It is concluded that efficient wavelength conversion will require strong improvements in the nanowire uniformity, peak powers well in excess of , increase of the second-order nonlinearity by an order of magnitude by use of a different base material, or highly polarizable surface coatings.
© 2010 Optical Society of America
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