Abstract

We propose what we believe to be a novel method to reconstruct the spatiotemporal amplitude and phase of the electric field of ultrashort laser pulses using spatially resolved spectral interferometry. This method is based on a fiber-optic coupler interferometer that has certain advantages in comparison with standard interferometer systems, such as being alignment-free and selection of the reference beam at a single point. Our technique, which we refer to as the SpatioTemporal Amplitude-and-phase Reconstruction by Fourier-transform of Interference Spectra of High-complex-beams, offers compactness and simplicity. We report its application to the experimental characterization of chirped pulses and to spatiotemporal reconstructions of a convergent beam as well as plane-plane and spherical-plane waves interferences, which we check with our simulations.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. H. P. Weber, “Method for pulsewidth measurement of ultrashort light pulses generated by phase locked lasers using nonlinear optics,” J. Appl. Phys. 38, 2231–2234 (1967).
    [CrossRef]
  2. D. J. Kane and R. Trebino, “Characterization of arbitrary femtosecond pulses using frequency-resolved optical gating,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 571–579 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  3. C. Iaconis and I. A. Walmsley, “Spectral phase interferometry for direct electric-field reconstruction of ultrashort optical pulses,” Opt. Lett. 23, 792–794 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  4. C. Froehly, A. Lacourt, and J. Ch. Vienot, “Notion de réponse impulsionnelle et de fonction de transfert temporelles des pupilles optiques, justifications expérimentales et applications,” Nouv. Rev. Opt. 4, 183–196 (1973).
    [CrossRef]
  5. J. Piasecki, B. Colombeau, M. Vampouille, C. Froehly, and J. A. Arnaud, “Nouvelle méthode de mesure de la réponse impulsionnelle des fibres optiques,” Appl. Opt. 19, 3749–3755 (1980).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. D. N. Fittinghoff, J. L. Bowie, J. N. Sweetser, R. T. Jennings, M. A. Krumbügel, K. W. DeLong, R. Trebino, and I. A. Walmsley, “Measurement of the intensity and phase of ultraweak, ultrashort laser pulses,” Opt. Lett. 21, 884–886 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. R. V. Shack and B. C. Platt, “Production and use of a lenticular Hartmann screen,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 61, 656–660 (1971).
  8. L. Gallmann, G. Steinmeyer, D. H. Sutter, T. Rupp, C. Iaconis, I. A. Walmsley, and U. Keller, “Spatially resolved amplitude and phase characterization of femtosecond optical pulses,” Opt. Lett. 26, 96–98 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  9. A. Zaïr, A. Guandalini, F. Schapper, M. Holler, J. Biegert, L. Gallmann, A. Couairon, M. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, and U. Keller, “Spatio-temporal characterization of few-cycle pulses obtained by filamentation,” Opt. Express 15, 5394–5405 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. S. Akturk, M. Kimmel, P. O’Shea, and R. Trebino, “Measuring pulse-front tilt in ultrashort pulses using GRENOUILLE,” Opt. Express 11, 491–501 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. J. Jasapara, “Characterization of sub-10-fs pulse focusing with high-numerical-aperture microscope objectives,” Opt. Lett. 24, 777–779 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  12. P. Bowlan, P. Gabolde, and R. Trebino, “Directly measuring the spatio-temporal electric field of focusing ultrashort pulses,” Opt. Express 15, 10219–10230 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. J. Trull, O. Jedrkiewicz, P. Di Trapani, A. Matijosius, A. Varanavicius, G. Valiulis, R. Danielius, E. Kucinskas, A. Piskarskas, and S. Trillo, “Spatiotemporal three-dimensional mapping of nonlinear X waves,” Phys. Rev. E 69, 026607 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  14. D. Faccio, A. Matijosius, A. Dubietis, R. Piskarskas, A. Varanavičius, E. Gaizauskas, A. Piskarskas, and A. Couairon, “Near- and far-field evolution of laser pulse filaments in Kerr media,” Phys. Rev. E 72, 037601 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  15. D. E. Adams, T. A. Planchon, A. Hrin, J. A. Squier, and C. G. Durfee, “Characterization of coupled nonlinear spatiospectral phase following an ultrafast self-focusing interaction,” Opt. Lett. 34, 1294–1296 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. S. A. Diddams, H. K. Eaton, A. A. Zozulya, and T. S. Clement, “Full-field characterization of femtosecond pulses after nonlinear propagation,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO/US), Vol. 6 of OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1998), paper CFF3.
  17. B. Alonso, I. J. Sola, O. Varela, C. Mendez, I. Arias, J. San Román, A. Zaïr, and L. Roso, “Spatio-temporal characterization of laser pulses by spatially resolved spectral interferometry,” Opt. Pura Apl. 43, 1–7 (2010).
  18. S. Rivet, L. Canioni, R. Barille, and L. Sarger, “Multidimensional shearing for linear and nonlinear propagation analysis,” in Ultrafast Optics Conference (2001), paper M20.
  19. E. Rubino, D. Faccio, L. Tartara, P. K. Bates, O. Chalus, M. Clerici, F. Bonaretti, J. Biegert, and P. Di Trapani, “Spatiotemporal amplitude and phase retrieval of space-time coupled ultrashort pulses using the Shackled-FROG technique,” Opt. Lett. 34, 3854–3856 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. C. Dorrer, E. M. Kosik, and I. A. Walmsley, “Direct space–time characterization of the electric fields of ultrashort optical pulses,” Opt. Lett. 27, 548–550 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  21. P. Gabolde and R. Trebino, “Single-shot measurement of the full spatio-temporal field of ultrashort pulses with multi-spectral digital holography,” Opt. Express 14, 11460–11467 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. P. Bowlan, P. Gabolde, A. Shreenath, K. McGresham, R. Trebino, and S. Akturk, “Crossed-beam spectral interferometry: a simple, high-spectral-resolution method for completely characterizing complex ultrashort pulses in real time,” Opt. Express 14, 11892–11900 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. D. Meshulach, D. Yelin, and Y. Silberberg, “Real-time spatial–spectral interference measurements of ultrashort optical pulses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 2095–2098 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  24. A. S. Wyatt, I. A. Walmsley, G. Stibenz, and G. Steinmeyer, “Sub-10 fs pulse characterization using spatially encoded arrangement for spectral phase interferometry for direct electric field reconstruction,” Opt. Lett. 31, 1914–1916 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. L. Lepetit, G. Cheriaux, and M. Joffre, “Linear techniques of phase measurement by femtosecond spectral interferometry for applications in spectroscopy,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 2467–2474 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  26. P. R. Bowlan, M. Lõhmus, P. Piksarv, H. Valtna-Lukner, P. Saari, and R. Trebino, “Measuring the spatio-temporal field of diffracting ultrashort pulses,” in Frontiers in Optics, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper FTuO5.
  27. E. B. Treacy, “Optical pulse compression with diffraction gratings,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 5, 454–458 (1969).
    [CrossRef]

2010 (1)

B. Alonso, I. J. Sola, O. Varela, C. Mendez, I. Arias, J. San Román, A. Zaïr, and L. Roso, “Spatio-temporal characterization of laser pulses by spatially resolved spectral interferometry,” Opt. Pura Apl. 43, 1–7 (2010).

2009 (2)

2007 (2)

2006 (3)

2005 (1)

D. Faccio, A. Matijosius, A. Dubietis, R. Piskarskas, A. Varanavičius, E. Gaizauskas, A. Piskarskas, and A. Couairon, “Near- and far-field evolution of laser pulse filaments in Kerr media,” Phys. Rev. E 72, 037601 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

J. Trull, O. Jedrkiewicz, P. Di Trapani, A. Matijosius, A. Varanavicius, G. Valiulis, R. Danielius, E. Kucinskas, A. Piskarskas, and S. Trillo, “Spatiotemporal three-dimensional mapping of nonlinear X waves,” Phys. Rev. E 69, 026607 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

2002 (1)

2001 (1)

1999 (1)

1998 (1)

1997 (1)

1996 (1)

1995 (1)

1993 (1)

D. J. Kane and R. Trebino, “Characterization of arbitrary femtosecond pulses using frequency-resolved optical gating,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 571–579 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1980 (1)

1973 (1)

C. Froehly, A. Lacourt, and J. Ch. Vienot, “Notion de réponse impulsionnelle et de fonction de transfert temporelles des pupilles optiques, justifications expérimentales et applications,” Nouv. Rev. Opt. 4, 183–196 (1973).
[CrossRef]

1971 (1)

R. V. Shack and B. C. Platt, “Production and use of a lenticular Hartmann screen,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 61, 656–660 (1971).

1969 (1)

E. B. Treacy, “Optical pulse compression with diffraction gratings,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 5, 454–458 (1969).
[CrossRef]

1967 (1)

H. P. Weber, “Method for pulsewidth measurement of ultrashort light pulses generated by phase locked lasers using nonlinear optics,” J. Appl. Phys. 38, 2231–2234 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Adams, D. E.

Akturk, S.

Alonso, B.

B. Alonso, I. J. Sola, O. Varela, C. Mendez, I. Arias, J. San Román, A. Zaïr, and L. Roso, “Spatio-temporal characterization of laser pulses by spatially resolved spectral interferometry,” Opt. Pura Apl. 43, 1–7 (2010).

Arias, I.

B. Alonso, I. J. Sola, O. Varela, C. Mendez, I. Arias, J. San Román, A. Zaïr, and L. Roso, “Spatio-temporal characterization of laser pulses by spatially resolved spectral interferometry,” Opt. Pura Apl. 43, 1–7 (2010).

Arnaud, J. A.

Barille, R.

S. Rivet, L. Canioni, R. Barille, and L. Sarger, “Multidimensional shearing for linear and nonlinear propagation analysis,” in Ultrafast Optics Conference (2001), paper M20.

Bates, P. K.

Biegert, J.

Bonaretti, F.

Bowie, J. L.

Bowlan, P.

Bowlan, P. R.

P. R. Bowlan, M. Lõhmus, P. Piksarv, H. Valtna-Lukner, P. Saari, and R. Trebino, “Measuring the spatio-temporal field of diffracting ultrashort pulses,” in Frontiers in Optics, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper FTuO5.

Canioni, L.

S. Rivet, L. Canioni, R. Barille, and L. Sarger, “Multidimensional shearing for linear and nonlinear propagation analysis,” in Ultrafast Optics Conference (2001), paper M20.

Chalus, O.

Cheriaux, G.

Clement, T. S.

S. A. Diddams, H. K. Eaton, A. A. Zozulya, and T. S. Clement, “Full-field characterization of femtosecond pulses after nonlinear propagation,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO/US), Vol. 6 of OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1998), paper CFF3.

Clerici, M.

Colombeau, B.

Couairon, A.

A. Zaïr, A. Guandalini, F. Schapper, M. Holler, J. Biegert, L. Gallmann, A. Couairon, M. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, and U. Keller, “Spatio-temporal characterization of few-cycle pulses obtained by filamentation,” Opt. Express 15, 5394–5405 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Faccio, A. Matijosius, A. Dubietis, R. Piskarskas, A. Varanavičius, E. Gaizauskas, A. Piskarskas, and A. Couairon, “Near- and far-field evolution of laser pulse filaments in Kerr media,” Phys. Rev. E 72, 037601 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Danielius, R.

J. Trull, O. Jedrkiewicz, P. Di Trapani, A. Matijosius, A. Varanavicius, G. Valiulis, R. Danielius, E. Kucinskas, A. Piskarskas, and S. Trillo, “Spatiotemporal three-dimensional mapping of nonlinear X waves,” Phys. Rev. E 69, 026607 (2004).
[CrossRef]

DeLong, K. W.

Di Trapani, P.

E. Rubino, D. Faccio, L. Tartara, P. K. Bates, O. Chalus, M. Clerici, F. Bonaretti, J. Biegert, and P. Di Trapani, “Spatiotemporal amplitude and phase retrieval of space-time coupled ultrashort pulses using the Shackled-FROG technique,” Opt. Lett. 34, 3854–3856 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Trull, O. Jedrkiewicz, P. Di Trapani, A. Matijosius, A. Varanavicius, G. Valiulis, R. Danielius, E. Kucinskas, A. Piskarskas, and S. Trillo, “Spatiotemporal three-dimensional mapping of nonlinear X waves,” Phys. Rev. E 69, 026607 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Diddams, S. A.

S. A. Diddams, H. K. Eaton, A. A. Zozulya, and T. S. Clement, “Full-field characterization of femtosecond pulses after nonlinear propagation,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO/US), Vol. 6 of OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1998), paper CFF3.

Dorrer, C.

Dubietis, A.

D. Faccio, A. Matijosius, A. Dubietis, R. Piskarskas, A. Varanavičius, E. Gaizauskas, A. Piskarskas, and A. Couairon, “Near- and far-field evolution of laser pulse filaments in Kerr media,” Phys. Rev. E 72, 037601 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Durfee, C. G.

Eaton, H. K.

S. A. Diddams, H. K. Eaton, A. A. Zozulya, and T. S. Clement, “Full-field characterization of femtosecond pulses after nonlinear propagation,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO/US), Vol. 6 of OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1998), paper CFF3.

Faccio, D.

E. Rubino, D. Faccio, L. Tartara, P. K. Bates, O. Chalus, M. Clerici, F. Bonaretti, J. Biegert, and P. Di Trapani, “Spatiotemporal amplitude and phase retrieval of space-time coupled ultrashort pulses using the Shackled-FROG technique,” Opt. Lett. 34, 3854–3856 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Faccio, A. Matijosius, A. Dubietis, R. Piskarskas, A. Varanavičius, E. Gaizauskas, A. Piskarskas, and A. Couairon, “Near- and far-field evolution of laser pulse filaments in Kerr media,” Phys. Rev. E 72, 037601 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Fittinghoff, D. N.

Franco, M.

Froehly, C.

J. Piasecki, B. Colombeau, M. Vampouille, C. Froehly, and J. A. Arnaud, “Nouvelle méthode de mesure de la réponse impulsionnelle des fibres optiques,” Appl. Opt. 19, 3749–3755 (1980).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Froehly, A. Lacourt, and J. Ch. Vienot, “Notion de réponse impulsionnelle et de fonction de transfert temporelles des pupilles optiques, justifications expérimentales et applications,” Nouv. Rev. Opt. 4, 183–196 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Gabolde, P.

Gaizauskas, E.

D. Faccio, A. Matijosius, A. Dubietis, R. Piskarskas, A. Varanavičius, E. Gaizauskas, A. Piskarskas, and A. Couairon, “Near- and far-field evolution of laser pulse filaments in Kerr media,” Phys. Rev. E 72, 037601 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Gallmann, L.

Guandalini, A.

Holler, M.

Hrin, A.

Iaconis, C.

Jasapara, J.

Jedrkiewicz, O.

J. Trull, O. Jedrkiewicz, P. Di Trapani, A. Matijosius, A. Varanavicius, G. Valiulis, R. Danielius, E. Kucinskas, A. Piskarskas, and S. Trillo, “Spatiotemporal three-dimensional mapping of nonlinear X waves,” Phys. Rev. E 69, 026607 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Jennings, R. T.

Joffre, M.

Kane, D. J.

D. J. Kane and R. Trebino, “Characterization of arbitrary femtosecond pulses using frequency-resolved optical gating,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 571–579 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Keller, U.

Kimmel, M.

Kosik, E. M.

Krumbügel, M. A.

Kucinskas, E.

J. Trull, O. Jedrkiewicz, P. Di Trapani, A. Matijosius, A. Varanavicius, G. Valiulis, R. Danielius, E. Kucinskas, A. Piskarskas, and S. Trillo, “Spatiotemporal three-dimensional mapping of nonlinear X waves,” Phys. Rev. E 69, 026607 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lacourt, A.

C. Froehly, A. Lacourt, and J. Ch. Vienot, “Notion de réponse impulsionnelle et de fonction de transfert temporelles des pupilles optiques, justifications expérimentales et applications,” Nouv. Rev. Opt. 4, 183–196 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Lepetit, L.

Lõhmus, M.

P. R. Bowlan, M. Lõhmus, P. Piksarv, H. Valtna-Lukner, P. Saari, and R. Trebino, “Measuring the spatio-temporal field of diffracting ultrashort pulses,” in Frontiers in Optics, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper FTuO5.

Matijosius, A.

D. Faccio, A. Matijosius, A. Dubietis, R. Piskarskas, A. Varanavičius, E. Gaizauskas, A. Piskarskas, and A. Couairon, “Near- and far-field evolution of laser pulse filaments in Kerr media,” Phys. Rev. E 72, 037601 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Trull, O. Jedrkiewicz, P. Di Trapani, A. Matijosius, A. Varanavicius, G. Valiulis, R. Danielius, E. Kucinskas, A. Piskarskas, and S. Trillo, “Spatiotemporal three-dimensional mapping of nonlinear X waves,” Phys. Rev. E 69, 026607 (2004).
[CrossRef]

McGresham, K.

Mendez, C.

B. Alonso, I. J. Sola, O. Varela, C. Mendez, I. Arias, J. San Román, A. Zaïr, and L. Roso, “Spatio-temporal characterization of laser pulses by spatially resolved spectral interferometry,” Opt. Pura Apl. 43, 1–7 (2010).

Meshulach, D.

Mysyrowicz, A.

O’Shea, P.

Piasecki, J.

Piksarv, P.

P. R. Bowlan, M. Lõhmus, P. Piksarv, H. Valtna-Lukner, P. Saari, and R. Trebino, “Measuring the spatio-temporal field of diffracting ultrashort pulses,” in Frontiers in Optics, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper FTuO5.

Piskarskas, A.

D. Faccio, A. Matijosius, A. Dubietis, R. Piskarskas, A. Varanavičius, E. Gaizauskas, A. Piskarskas, and A. Couairon, “Near- and far-field evolution of laser pulse filaments in Kerr media,” Phys. Rev. E 72, 037601 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Trull, O. Jedrkiewicz, P. Di Trapani, A. Matijosius, A. Varanavicius, G. Valiulis, R. Danielius, E. Kucinskas, A. Piskarskas, and S. Trillo, “Spatiotemporal three-dimensional mapping of nonlinear X waves,” Phys. Rev. E 69, 026607 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Piskarskas, R.

D. Faccio, A. Matijosius, A. Dubietis, R. Piskarskas, A. Varanavičius, E. Gaizauskas, A. Piskarskas, and A. Couairon, “Near- and far-field evolution of laser pulse filaments in Kerr media,” Phys. Rev. E 72, 037601 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Planchon, T. A.

Platt, B. C.

R. V. Shack and B. C. Platt, “Production and use of a lenticular Hartmann screen,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 61, 656–660 (1971).

Rivet, S.

S. Rivet, L. Canioni, R. Barille, and L. Sarger, “Multidimensional shearing for linear and nonlinear propagation analysis,” in Ultrafast Optics Conference (2001), paper M20.

Roso, L.

B. Alonso, I. J. Sola, O. Varela, C. Mendez, I. Arias, J. San Román, A. Zaïr, and L. Roso, “Spatio-temporal characterization of laser pulses by spatially resolved spectral interferometry,” Opt. Pura Apl. 43, 1–7 (2010).

Rubino, E.

Rupp, T.

Saari, P.

P. R. Bowlan, M. Lõhmus, P. Piksarv, H. Valtna-Lukner, P. Saari, and R. Trebino, “Measuring the spatio-temporal field of diffracting ultrashort pulses,” in Frontiers in Optics, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper FTuO5.

San Román, J.

B. Alonso, I. J. Sola, O. Varela, C. Mendez, I. Arias, J. San Román, A. Zaïr, and L. Roso, “Spatio-temporal characterization of laser pulses by spatially resolved spectral interferometry,” Opt. Pura Apl. 43, 1–7 (2010).

Sarger, L.

S. Rivet, L. Canioni, R. Barille, and L. Sarger, “Multidimensional shearing for linear and nonlinear propagation analysis,” in Ultrafast Optics Conference (2001), paper M20.

Schapper, F.

Shack, R. V.

R. V. Shack and B. C. Platt, “Production and use of a lenticular Hartmann screen,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 61, 656–660 (1971).

Shreenath, A.

Silberberg, Y.

Sola, I. J.

B. Alonso, I. J. Sola, O. Varela, C. Mendez, I. Arias, J. San Román, A. Zaïr, and L. Roso, “Spatio-temporal characterization of laser pulses by spatially resolved spectral interferometry,” Opt. Pura Apl. 43, 1–7 (2010).

Squier, J. A.

Steinmeyer, G.

Stibenz, G.

Sutter, D. H.

Sweetser, J. N.

Tartara, L.

Treacy, E. B.

E. B. Treacy, “Optical pulse compression with diffraction gratings,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 5, 454–458 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Trebino, R.

P. Bowlan, P. Gabolde, and R. Trebino, “Directly measuring the spatio-temporal electric field of focusing ultrashort pulses,” Opt. Express 15, 10219–10230 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Gabolde and R. Trebino, “Single-shot measurement of the full spatio-temporal field of ultrashort pulses with multi-spectral digital holography,” Opt. Express 14, 11460–11467 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Bowlan, P. Gabolde, A. Shreenath, K. McGresham, R. Trebino, and S. Akturk, “Crossed-beam spectral interferometry: a simple, high-spectral-resolution method for completely characterizing complex ultrashort pulses in real time,” Opt. Express 14, 11892–11900 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Akturk, M. Kimmel, P. O’Shea, and R. Trebino, “Measuring pulse-front tilt in ultrashort pulses using GRENOUILLE,” Opt. Express 11, 491–501 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. N. Fittinghoff, J. L. Bowie, J. N. Sweetser, R. T. Jennings, M. A. Krumbügel, K. W. DeLong, R. Trebino, and I. A. Walmsley, “Measurement of the intensity and phase of ultraweak, ultrashort laser pulses,” Opt. Lett. 21, 884–886 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. J. Kane and R. Trebino, “Characterization of arbitrary femtosecond pulses using frequency-resolved optical gating,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 571–579 (1993).
[CrossRef]

P. R. Bowlan, M. Lõhmus, P. Piksarv, H. Valtna-Lukner, P. Saari, and R. Trebino, “Measuring the spatio-temporal field of diffracting ultrashort pulses,” in Frontiers in Optics, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper FTuO5.

Trillo, S.

J. Trull, O. Jedrkiewicz, P. Di Trapani, A. Matijosius, A. Varanavicius, G. Valiulis, R. Danielius, E. Kucinskas, A. Piskarskas, and S. Trillo, “Spatiotemporal three-dimensional mapping of nonlinear X waves,” Phys. Rev. E 69, 026607 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Trull, J.

J. Trull, O. Jedrkiewicz, P. Di Trapani, A. Matijosius, A. Varanavicius, G. Valiulis, R. Danielius, E. Kucinskas, A. Piskarskas, and S. Trillo, “Spatiotemporal three-dimensional mapping of nonlinear X waves,” Phys. Rev. E 69, 026607 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Valiulis, G.

J. Trull, O. Jedrkiewicz, P. Di Trapani, A. Matijosius, A. Varanavicius, G. Valiulis, R. Danielius, E. Kucinskas, A. Piskarskas, and S. Trillo, “Spatiotemporal three-dimensional mapping of nonlinear X waves,” Phys. Rev. E 69, 026607 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Valtna-Lukner, H.

P. R. Bowlan, M. Lõhmus, P. Piksarv, H. Valtna-Lukner, P. Saari, and R. Trebino, “Measuring the spatio-temporal field of diffracting ultrashort pulses,” in Frontiers in Optics, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper FTuO5.

Vampouille, M.

Varanavicius, A.

D. Faccio, A. Matijosius, A. Dubietis, R. Piskarskas, A. Varanavičius, E. Gaizauskas, A. Piskarskas, and A. Couairon, “Near- and far-field evolution of laser pulse filaments in Kerr media,” Phys. Rev. E 72, 037601 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Trull, O. Jedrkiewicz, P. Di Trapani, A. Matijosius, A. Varanavicius, G. Valiulis, R. Danielius, E. Kucinskas, A. Piskarskas, and S. Trillo, “Spatiotemporal three-dimensional mapping of nonlinear X waves,” Phys. Rev. E 69, 026607 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Varela, O.

B. Alonso, I. J. Sola, O. Varela, C. Mendez, I. Arias, J. San Román, A. Zaïr, and L. Roso, “Spatio-temporal characterization of laser pulses by spatially resolved spectral interferometry,” Opt. Pura Apl. 43, 1–7 (2010).

Vienot, J. Ch.

C. Froehly, A. Lacourt, and J. Ch. Vienot, “Notion de réponse impulsionnelle et de fonction de transfert temporelles des pupilles optiques, justifications expérimentales et applications,” Nouv. Rev. Opt. 4, 183–196 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Walmsley, I. A.

Weber, H. P.

H. P. Weber, “Method for pulsewidth measurement of ultrashort light pulses generated by phase locked lasers using nonlinear optics,” J. Appl. Phys. 38, 2231–2234 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Wyatt, A. S.

Yelin, D.

Zaïr, A.

B. Alonso, I. J. Sola, O. Varela, C. Mendez, I. Arias, J. San Román, A. Zaïr, and L. Roso, “Spatio-temporal characterization of laser pulses by spatially resolved spectral interferometry,” Opt. Pura Apl. 43, 1–7 (2010).

A. Zaïr, A. Guandalini, F. Schapper, M. Holler, J. Biegert, L. Gallmann, A. Couairon, M. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, and U. Keller, “Spatio-temporal characterization of few-cycle pulses obtained by filamentation,” Opt. Express 15, 5394–5405 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zozulya, A. A.

S. A. Diddams, H. K. Eaton, A. A. Zozulya, and T. S. Clement, “Full-field characterization of femtosecond pulses after nonlinear propagation,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO/US), Vol. 6 of OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1998), paper CFF3.

Appl. Opt. (1)

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

D. J. Kane and R. Trebino, “Characterization of arbitrary femtosecond pulses using frequency-resolved optical gating,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 571–579 (1993).
[CrossRef]

E. B. Treacy, “Optical pulse compression with diffraction gratings,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 5, 454–458 (1969).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

H. P. Weber, “Method for pulsewidth measurement of ultrashort light pulses generated by phase locked lasers using nonlinear optics,” J. Appl. Phys. 38, 2231–2234 (1967).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

R. V. Shack and B. C. Platt, “Production and use of a lenticular Hartmann screen,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 61, 656–660 (1971).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Nouv. Rev. Opt. (1)

C. Froehly, A. Lacourt, and J. Ch. Vienot, “Notion de réponse impulsionnelle et de fonction de transfert temporelles des pupilles optiques, justifications expérimentales et applications,” Nouv. Rev. Opt. 4, 183–196 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Lett. (8)

E. Rubino, D. Faccio, L. Tartara, P. K. Bates, O. Chalus, M. Clerici, F. Bonaretti, J. Biegert, and P. Di Trapani, “Spatiotemporal amplitude and phase retrieval of space-time coupled ultrashort pulses using the Shackled-FROG technique,” Opt. Lett. 34, 3854–3856 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Dorrer, E. M. Kosik, and I. A. Walmsley, “Direct space–time characterization of the electric fields of ultrashort optical pulses,” Opt. Lett. 27, 548–550 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. S. Wyatt, I. A. Walmsley, G. Stibenz, and G. Steinmeyer, “Sub-10 fs pulse characterization using spatially encoded arrangement for spectral phase interferometry for direct electric field reconstruction,” Opt. Lett. 31, 1914–1916 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Jasapara, “Characterization of sub-10-fs pulse focusing with high-numerical-aperture microscope objectives,” Opt. Lett. 24, 777–779 (1999).
[CrossRef]

D. E. Adams, T. A. Planchon, A. Hrin, J. A. Squier, and C. G. Durfee, “Characterization of coupled nonlinear spatiospectral phase following an ultrafast self-focusing interaction,” Opt. Lett. 34, 1294–1296 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Iaconis and I. A. Walmsley, “Spectral phase interferometry for direct electric-field reconstruction of ultrashort optical pulses,” Opt. Lett. 23, 792–794 (1998).
[CrossRef]

L. Gallmann, G. Steinmeyer, D. H. Sutter, T. Rupp, C. Iaconis, I. A. Walmsley, and U. Keller, “Spatially resolved amplitude and phase characterization of femtosecond optical pulses,” Opt. Lett. 26, 96–98 (2001).
[CrossRef]

D. N. Fittinghoff, J. L. Bowie, J. N. Sweetser, R. T. Jennings, M. A. Krumbügel, K. W. DeLong, R. Trebino, and I. A. Walmsley, “Measurement of the intensity and phase of ultraweak, ultrashort laser pulses,” Opt. Lett. 21, 884–886 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Pura Apl. (1)

B. Alonso, I. J. Sola, O. Varela, C. Mendez, I. Arias, J. San Román, A. Zaïr, and L. Roso, “Spatio-temporal characterization of laser pulses by spatially resolved spectral interferometry,” Opt. Pura Apl. 43, 1–7 (2010).

Phys. Rev. E (2)

J. Trull, O. Jedrkiewicz, P. Di Trapani, A. Matijosius, A. Varanavicius, G. Valiulis, R. Danielius, E. Kucinskas, A. Piskarskas, and S. Trillo, “Spatiotemporal three-dimensional mapping of nonlinear X waves,” Phys. Rev. E 69, 026607 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. Faccio, A. Matijosius, A. Dubietis, R. Piskarskas, A. Varanavičius, E. Gaizauskas, A. Piskarskas, and A. Couairon, “Near- and far-field evolution of laser pulse filaments in Kerr media,” Phys. Rev. E 72, 037601 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

S. Rivet, L. Canioni, R. Barille, and L. Sarger, “Multidimensional shearing for linear and nonlinear propagation analysis,” in Ultrafast Optics Conference (2001), paper M20.

S. A. Diddams, H. K. Eaton, A. A. Zozulya, and T. S. Clement, “Full-field characterization of femtosecond pulses after nonlinear propagation,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO/US), Vol. 6 of OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1998), paper CFF3.

P. R. Bowlan, M. Lõhmus, P. Piksarv, H. Valtna-Lukner, P. Saari, and R. Trebino, “Measuring the spatio-temporal field of diffracting ultrashort pulses,” in Frontiers in Optics, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper FTuO5.

Supplementary Material (1)

» Media 1: MOV (1756 KB)     

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Scheme of spatiotemporal reference for spatially resolved SI, consisting of using a homogeneous flat reference beam delayed with respect to the test beam and scanning the position (transverse), and measuring their respective spectral interferences. Thus, each spatial position is referenced by a known pulse.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Setup based on the fiber-optic coupler interferometer for spatially resolved SI. The longitudinal position of one fiber arm controls the relative delay between reference and test beams. The test beam is scanned transversely (spatial) with its corresponding input fiber arm.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Experimental spectrum and phase of a negatively chirped pulse. Experimental scan on negative linear chirp: (b) GDD retrieved from FTSI and (c) instantaneous wavelength of the chirped pulses as a function of the grating distance. (d) Temporal intensity and instantaneous wavelength of the chirped pulse. The intensity profile and instantaneous wavelength variation with the GDD can be seen in a video available at Media 1.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Spatio-spectral interference trace and (b) spatiotemporal intensity reconstruction of a convergent wave (experimental, 35 fs pulses). The amplitude of the plots is in linear scale (see color scale on right).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Experimental and simulated spatio-spectral interference traces [(a) experimental; (c) simulation] and spatiotemporal intensity reconstruction [(b) experimental; (d) simulation] of the interference between two crossing waves for 120 fs pulses.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(a) Experimental spatio-spectral interference trace and spatiotemporal intensity reconstruction [(b) experimental; (d) simulation] of the interference of two crossing waves for 35 fs pulses. (c) Experimental temporal profile and instantaneous wavelength for the 7040 μ m position in comparison with the simulated data (dashed line).

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Spherical and plane wave interference for 35 fs pulses. Experimental (a) spatio-spectral test beam and (b) interference traces. (c) Experimental and (d) simulated spatiotemporal intensity reconstructions.

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

S ( ω ) = S test ( ω ) + S ref ( ω ) + 2 S test ( ω ) S ref ( ω ) cos [ ϕ test ( ω ) ϕ ref ( ω ) ω τ ] .
GDD ( L ) λ 3 π c 2 L d 2 cos 2 θ m ,

Metrics