Abstract

We present a photonic crystal (PhC) cavity based on a single hole defect filled with a sensitive absorbent layer for sensing applications. A preliminary study performed with the plane wave expansion method shows that the resonance peak of the cavity mode is 0.5 nm shifted for a 1 nm thickness variation of the sensitive layer. A Lorentz dispersion model implemented in a two-dimensional–finite difference time domain homemade code shows that the absorption of the layer can be exploited for enhancing the sensitivity of the sensor. With the proposed geometry, we find that a variation in the refractive index of 107 leads to a variation in the transmittivity of 23% at the resonance peak. This study is proposed for the development of a compact benzene sensor on a MgO doped lithium niobate PhC.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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