Abstract

Studies of isotope shifts of three multipole lines between levels of the ground configuration 6s26p2 of Pb I, i.e.: 461.9nm (S01P13), 531.5nm (S01P23) and 733.2nm (D21P13), as well as 710.2nm line (6s26pP3226s26pP122) of Pb II are presented. We determined the isotope shifts between four stable isotopes: 204, 206, 207, 208. By the use of King plot analysis we were able to separate the mass and the field shifts. We found that for the studied lines the contribution of the mass effect to the total isotope shifts is smaller than 6%.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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  1. J. M. Reeves and F. Fortson, “Isotope shifts at 1.28mm in Pb,” Phys. Rev. A 44, R1439–R1441 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. T. J. Wąsowicz and J. Kwela, “Isotope shifts in the spectrum of Pb I,” Phys. Scr. 77, 025301 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  3. T. J. Wąsowicz, R. Drozdowski, and J. Kwela, “Hyperfine structure and isotope shift study in singly ionized lead,” Eur. Phys. J. D 36, 249–255 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  4. S. Werbowy and J. Kwela, “M1-E2 interference in the Zeeman spectra of Pb I and Pb II,” J. Phys. B 42, 065002 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  5. H. Hühnermann, “Die Isotopie-Verschiebung in den Resonanzlinien des Caesiums,” PhD. thesis (Philipps Universitat, Marburg/Lahn, 1967).
  6. G. Müller, “Neue Methoden der optischen Hyperfeinstruktur: Spektroskopie und ihre Anwendung auf Untersuchungen an Antimon, Wismut, Gold und Platin,” PhD. thesis, (Technischen Universitat, Berlin, 1974).
  7. B. Buchholz, D. Kronfeldt, G. Müller, and R. Winkler, “Determination of the nuclear spin of Bi207 form optical hyperfine structure,” Physica C 83, 247–248 (1976).
    [CrossRef]
  8. R. Drozdowski and J. Heldt, “Zeeman effect study of the 5s25p6s-5s25p6p transitions in the Sb II,” Phys. Scr. 47, 175–178 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  9. D. Grabowski, R. Drozdowski, J. Kwela, and J. Heldt, “Hyperfine structure and Zeeman effect studies in 6p7p-6p7s transitions in Bi II,” Z. Phys. D: At., Mol. Clusters 38, 289–293 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  10. Xin Feng, Guo-Zhong Li, R. Alheit, and G. Werth, “Hyperfine-structure measurements on trapped Pb II,” Phys. Rev. A 46, 327–329 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. U. Dinger, J. Eberz, G. Huber, R. Menges, S. Schröder, R. Kirchner, O. Klepper, T. Kühl, D. Marx, and G. D. Sprouse, “Nuclear moments and change in the charge-radii of neutron deficient lead isotopes,” Z. Phys. A 328, 253–254 (1987).
  12. S. Bouazza, D. S. Gough, P. Hannaford, R. M. Lowe, and M. Wilson, “Isotope shifts and hyperfine structure in near-ultraviolet transitions of Pb I by Doppler-free saturation spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. A 63, 012516 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  13. J. R. Taylor, An Introduction to Error Analysis (University Science Books, 1982).
  14. M. Anselment, W. Faubel, S. Goring, A. Hanser, G. Meisel, H. Rebel, and G. Schatz, Nucl. Phys. A 451, 471–480 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  15. S. Bouazza, Y. Guern, and J. Bauche, “Isotope shift and hyperfine structure in low-lying levels of Pb II,” J. Phys. B 19, 1881–1889 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  16. W. H. King, Isotope Shifts in Atomic Spectra (Plenum, 1984).
  17. G. Fricke, C. Bernhardt, K. Heilig, L. A. Schaller, L. Schellenberg, E. B. Shera, and C. W. De Jager, “Nuclear Ground State Charge Radii from Electromagnetic Interactions,” At. Data Nucl. Data Tables 60, 177–285 (1995).
    [CrossRef]

2009 (1)

S. Werbowy and J. Kwela, “M1-E2 interference in the Zeeman spectra of Pb I and Pb II,” J. Phys. B 42, 065002 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

T. J. Wąsowicz and J. Kwela, “Isotope shifts in the spectrum of Pb I,” Phys. Scr. 77, 025301 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

T. J. Wąsowicz, R. Drozdowski, and J. Kwela, “Hyperfine structure and isotope shift study in singly ionized lead,” Eur. Phys. J. D 36, 249–255 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

S. Bouazza, D. S. Gough, P. Hannaford, R. M. Lowe, and M. Wilson, “Isotope shifts and hyperfine structure in near-ultraviolet transitions of Pb I by Doppler-free saturation spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. A 63, 012516 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

D. Grabowski, R. Drozdowski, J. Kwela, and J. Heldt, “Hyperfine structure and Zeeman effect studies in 6p7p-6p7s transitions in Bi II,” Z. Phys. D: At., Mol. Clusters 38, 289–293 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

G. Fricke, C. Bernhardt, K. Heilig, L. A. Schaller, L. Schellenberg, E. B. Shera, and C. W. De Jager, “Nuclear Ground State Charge Radii from Electromagnetic Interactions,” At. Data Nucl. Data Tables 60, 177–285 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

R. Drozdowski and J. Heldt, “Zeeman effect study of the 5s25p6s-5s25p6p transitions in the Sb II,” Phys. Scr. 47, 175–178 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

Xin Feng, Guo-Zhong Li, R. Alheit, and G. Werth, “Hyperfine-structure measurements on trapped Pb II,” Phys. Rev. A 46, 327–329 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1991 (1)

J. M. Reeves and F. Fortson, “Isotope shifts at 1.28mm in Pb,” Phys. Rev. A 44, R1439–R1441 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1987 (1)

U. Dinger, J. Eberz, G. Huber, R. Menges, S. Schröder, R. Kirchner, O. Klepper, T. Kühl, D. Marx, and G. D. Sprouse, “Nuclear moments and change in the charge-radii of neutron deficient lead isotopes,” Z. Phys. A 328, 253–254 (1987).

1986 (2)

M. Anselment, W. Faubel, S. Goring, A. Hanser, G. Meisel, H. Rebel, and G. Schatz, Nucl. Phys. A 451, 471–480 (1986).
[CrossRef]

S. Bouazza, Y. Guern, and J. Bauche, “Isotope shift and hyperfine structure in low-lying levels of Pb II,” J. Phys. B 19, 1881–1889 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1984 (1)

W. H. King, Isotope Shifts in Atomic Spectra (Plenum, 1984).

1982 (1)

J. R. Taylor, An Introduction to Error Analysis (University Science Books, 1982).

1976 (1)

B. Buchholz, D. Kronfeldt, G. Müller, and R. Winkler, “Determination of the nuclear spin of Bi207 form optical hyperfine structure,” Physica C 83, 247–248 (1976).
[CrossRef]

1974 (1)

G. Müller, “Neue Methoden der optischen Hyperfeinstruktur: Spektroskopie und ihre Anwendung auf Untersuchungen an Antimon, Wismut, Gold und Platin,” PhD. thesis, (Technischen Universitat, Berlin, 1974).

1967 (1)

H. Hühnermann, “Die Isotopie-Verschiebung in den Resonanzlinien des Caesiums,” PhD. thesis (Philipps Universitat, Marburg/Lahn, 1967).

Alheit, R.

Xin Feng, Guo-Zhong Li, R. Alheit, and G. Werth, “Hyperfine-structure measurements on trapped Pb II,” Phys. Rev. A 46, 327–329 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Anselment, M.

M. Anselment, W. Faubel, S. Goring, A. Hanser, G. Meisel, H. Rebel, and G. Schatz, Nucl. Phys. A 451, 471–480 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Bauche, J.

S. Bouazza, Y. Guern, and J. Bauche, “Isotope shift and hyperfine structure in low-lying levels of Pb II,” J. Phys. B 19, 1881–1889 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Bernhardt, C.

G. Fricke, C. Bernhardt, K. Heilig, L. A. Schaller, L. Schellenberg, E. B. Shera, and C. W. De Jager, “Nuclear Ground State Charge Radii from Electromagnetic Interactions,” At. Data Nucl. Data Tables 60, 177–285 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Bouazza, S.

S. Bouazza, D. S. Gough, P. Hannaford, R. M. Lowe, and M. Wilson, “Isotope shifts and hyperfine structure in near-ultraviolet transitions of Pb I by Doppler-free saturation spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. A 63, 012516 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S. Bouazza, Y. Guern, and J. Bauche, “Isotope shift and hyperfine structure in low-lying levels of Pb II,” J. Phys. B 19, 1881–1889 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Buchholz, B.

B. Buchholz, D. Kronfeldt, G. Müller, and R. Winkler, “Determination of the nuclear spin of Bi207 form optical hyperfine structure,” Physica C 83, 247–248 (1976).
[CrossRef]

De Jager, C. W.

G. Fricke, C. Bernhardt, K. Heilig, L. A. Schaller, L. Schellenberg, E. B. Shera, and C. W. De Jager, “Nuclear Ground State Charge Radii from Electromagnetic Interactions,” At. Data Nucl. Data Tables 60, 177–285 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Dinger, U.

U. Dinger, J. Eberz, G. Huber, R. Menges, S. Schröder, R. Kirchner, O. Klepper, T. Kühl, D. Marx, and G. D. Sprouse, “Nuclear moments and change in the charge-radii of neutron deficient lead isotopes,” Z. Phys. A 328, 253–254 (1987).

Drozdowski, R.

T. J. Wąsowicz, R. Drozdowski, and J. Kwela, “Hyperfine structure and isotope shift study in singly ionized lead,” Eur. Phys. J. D 36, 249–255 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. Grabowski, R. Drozdowski, J. Kwela, and J. Heldt, “Hyperfine structure and Zeeman effect studies in 6p7p-6p7s transitions in Bi II,” Z. Phys. D: At., Mol. Clusters 38, 289–293 (1996).
[CrossRef]

R. Drozdowski and J. Heldt, “Zeeman effect study of the 5s25p6s-5s25p6p transitions in the Sb II,” Phys. Scr. 47, 175–178 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Eberz, J.

U. Dinger, J. Eberz, G. Huber, R. Menges, S. Schröder, R. Kirchner, O. Klepper, T. Kühl, D. Marx, and G. D. Sprouse, “Nuclear moments and change in the charge-radii of neutron deficient lead isotopes,” Z. Phys. A 328, 253–254 (1987).

Faubel, W.

M. Anselment, W. Faubel, S. Goring, A. Hanser, G. Meisel, H. Rebel, and G. Schatz, Nucl. Phys. A 451, 471–480 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Feng, Xin

Xin Feng, Guo-Zhong Li, R. Alheit, and G. Werth, “Hyperfine-structure measurements on trapped Pb II,” Phys. Rev. A 46, 327–329 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fortson, F.

J. M. Reeves and F. Fortson, “Isotope shifts at 1.28mm in Pb,” Phys. Rev. A 44, R1439–R1441 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fricke, G.

G. Fricke, C. Bernhardt, K. Heilig, L. A. Schaller, L. Schellenberg, E. B. Shera, and C. W. De Jager, “Nuclear Ground State Charge Radii from Electromagnetic Interactions,” At. Data Nucl. Data Tables 60, 177–285 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Goring, S.

M. Anselment, W. Faubel, S. Goring, A. Hanser, G. Meisel, H. Rebel, and G. Schatz, Nucl. Phys. A 451, 471–480 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Gough, D. S.

S. Bouazza, D. S. Gough, P. Hannaford, R. M. Lowe, and M. Wilson, “Isotope shifts and hyperfine structure in near-ultraviolet transitions of Pb I by Doppler-free saturation spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. A 63, 012516 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Grabowski, D.

D. Grabowski, R. Drozdowski, J. Kwela, and J. Heldt, “Hyperfine structure and Zeeman effect studies in 6p7p-6p7s transitions in Bi II,” Z. Phys. D: At., Mol. Clusters 38, 289–293 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Guern, Y.

S. Bouazza, Y. Guern, and J. Bauche, “Isotope shift and hyperfine structure in low-lying levels of Pb II,” J. Phys. B 19, 1881–1889 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Hannaford, P.

S. Bouazza, D. S. Gough, P. Hannaford, R. M. Lowe, and M. Wilson, “Isotope shifts and hyperfine structure in near-ultraviolet transitions of Pb I by Doppler-free saturation spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. A 63, 012516 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Hanser, A.

M. Anselment, W. Faubel, S. Goring, A. Hanser, G. Meisel, H. Rebel, and G. Schatz, Nucl. Phys. A 451, 471–480 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Heilig, K.

G. Fricke, C. Bernhardt, K. Heilig, L. A. Schaller, L. Schellenberg, E. B. Shera, and C. W. De Jager, “Nuclear Ground State Charge Radii from Electromagnetic Interactions,” At. Data Nucl. Data Tables 60, 177–285 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Heldt, J.

D. Grabowski, R. Drozdowski, J. Kwela, and J. Heldt, “Hyperfine structure and Zeeman effect studies in 6p7p-6p7s transitions in Bi II,” Z. Phys. D: At., Mol. Clusters 38, 289–293 (1996).
[CrossRef]

R. Drozdowski and J. Heldt, “Zeeman effect study of the 5s25p6s-5s25p6p transitions in the Sb II,” Phys. Scr. 47, 175–178 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Huber, G.

U. Dinger, J. Eberz, G. Huber, R. Menges, S. Schröder, R. Kirchner, O. Klepper, T. Kühl, D. Marx, and G. D. Sprouse, “Nuclear moments and change in the charge-radii of neutron deficient lead isotopes,” Z. Phys. A 328, 253–254 (1987).

Hühnermann, H.

H. Hühnermann, “Die Isotopie-Verschiebung in den Resonanzlinien des Caesiums,” PhD. thesis (Philipps Universitat, Marburg/Lahn, 1967).

King, W. H.

W. H. King, Isotope Shifts in Atomic Spectra (Plenum, 1984).

Kirchner, R.

U. Dinger, J. Eberz, G. Huber, R. Menges, S. Schröder, R. Kirchner, O. Klepper, T. Kühl, D. Marx, and G. D. Sprouse, “Nuclear moments and change in the charge-radii of neutron deficient lead isotopes,” Z. Phys. A 328, 253–254 (1987).

Klepper, O.

U. Dinger, J. Eberz, G. Huber, R. Menges, S. Schröder, R. Kirchner, O. Klepper, T. Kühl, D. Marx, and G. D. Sprouse, “Nuclear moments and change in the charge-radii of neutron deficient lead isotopes,” Z. Phys. A 328, 253–254 (1987).

Kronfeldt, D.

B. Buchholz, D. Kronfeldt, G. Müller, and R. Winkler, “Determination of the nuclear spin of Bi207 form optical hyperfine structure,” Physica C 83, 247–248 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Kühl, T.

U. Dinger, J. Eberz, G. Huber, R. Menges, S. Schröder, R. Kirchner, O. Klepper, T. Kühl, D. Marx, and G. D. Sprouse, “Nuclear moments and change in the charge-radii of neutron deficient lead isotopes,” Z. Phys. A 328, 253–254 (1987).

Kwela, J.

S. Werbowy and J. Kwela, “M1-E2 interference in the Zeeman spectra of Pb I and Pb II,” J. Phys. B 42, 065002 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. J. Wąsowicz and J. Kwela, “Isotope shifts in the spectrum of Pb I,” Phys. Scr. 77, 025301 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. J. Wąsowicz, R. Drozdowski, and J. Kwela, “Hyperfine structure and isotope shift study in singly ionized lead,” Eur. Phys. J. D 36, 249–255 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. Grabowski, R. Drozdowski, J. Kwela, and J. Heldt, “Hyperfine structure and Zeeman effect studies in 6p7p-6p7s transitions in Bi II,” Z. Phys. D: At., Mol. Clusters 38, 289–293 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Li, Guo-Zhong

Xin Feng, Guo-Zhong Li, R. Alheit, and G. Werth, “Hyperfine-structure measurements on trapped Pb II,” Phys. Rev. A 46, 327–329 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lowe, R. M.

S. Bouazza, D. S. Gough, P. Hannaford, R. M. Lowe, and M. Wilson, “Isotope shifts and hyperfine structure in near-ultraviolet transitions of Pb I by Doppler-free saturation spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. A 63, 012516 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Marx, D.

U. Dinger, J. Eberz, G. Huber, R. Menges, S. Schröder, R. Kirchner, O. Klepper, T. Kühl, D. Marx, and G. D. Sprouse, “Nuclear moments and change in the charge-radii of neutron deficient lead isotopes,” Z. Phys. A 328, 253–254 (1987).

Meisel, G.

M. Anselment, W. Faubel, S. Goring, A. Hanser, G. Meisel, H. Rebel, and G. Schatz, Nucl. Phys. A 451, 471–480 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Menges, R.

U. Dinger, J. Eberz, G. Huber, R. Menges, S. Schröder, R. Kirchner, O. Klepper, T. Kühl, D. Marx, and G. D. Sprouse, “Nuclear moments and change in the charge-radii of neutron deficient lead isotopes,” Z. Phys. A 328, 253–254 (1987).

Müller, G.

B. Buchholz, D. Kronfeldt, G. Müller, and R. Winkler, “Determination of the nuclear spin of Bi207 form optical hyperfine structure,” Physica C 83, 247–248 (1976).
[CrossRef]

G. Müller, “Neue Methoden der optischen Hyperfeinstruktur: Spektroskopie und ihre Anwendung auf Untersuchungen an Antimon, Wismut, Gold und Platin,” PhD. thesis, (Technischen Universitat, Berlin, 1974).

Rebel, H.

M. Anselment, W. Faubel, S. Goring, A. Hanser, G. Meisel, H. Rebel, and G. Schatz, Nucl. Phys. A 451, 471–480 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Reeves, J. M.

J. M. Reeves and F. Fortson, “Isotope shifts at 1.28mm in Pb,” Phys. Rev. A 44, R1439–R1441 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schaller, L. A.

G. Fricke, C. Bernhardt, K. Heilig, L. A. Schaller, L. Schellenberg, E. B. Shera, and C. W. De Jager, “Nuclear Ground State Charge Radii from Electromagnetic Interactions,” At. Data Nucl. Data Tables 60, 177–285 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Schatz, G.

M. Anselment, W. Faubel, S. Goring, A. Hanser, G. Meisel, H. Rebel, and G. Schatz, Nucl. Phys. A 451, 471–480 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Schellenberg, L.

G. Fricke, C. Bernhardt, K. Heilig, L. A. Schaller, L. Schellenberg, E. B. Shera, and C. W. De Jager, “Nuclear Ground State Charge Radii from Electromagnetic Interactions,” At. Data Nucl. Data Tables 60, 177–285 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Schröder, S.

U. Dinger, J. Eberz, G. Huber, R. Menges, S. Schröder, R. Kirchner, O. Klepper, T. Kühl, D. Marx, and G. D. Sprouse, “Nuclear moments and change in the charge-radii of neutron deficient lead isotopes,” Z. Phys. A 328, 253–254 (1987).

Shera, E. B.

G. Fricke, C. Bernhardt, K. Heilig, L. A. Schaller, L. Schellenberg, E. B. Shera, and C. W. De Jager, “Nuclear Ground State Charge Radii from Electromagnetic Interactions,” At. Data Nucl. Data Tables 60, 177–285 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Sprouse, G. D.

U. Dinger, J. Eberz, G. Huber, R. Menges, S. Schröder, R. Kirchner, O. Klepper, T. Kühl, D. Marx, and G. D. Sprouse, “Nuclear moments and change in the charge-radii of neutron deficient lead isotopes,” Z. Phys. A 328, 253–254 (1987).

Taylor, J. R.

J. R. Taylor, An Introduction to Error Analysis (University Science Books, 1982).

Wasowicz, T. J.

T. J. Wąsowicz and J. Kwela, “Isotope shifts in the spectrum of Pb I,” Phys. Scr. 77, 025301 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. J. Wąsowicz, R. Drozdowski, and J. Kwela, “Hyperfine structure and isotope shift study in singly ionized lead,” Eur. Phys. J. D 36, 249–255 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Werbowy, S.

S. Werbowy and J. Kwela, “M1-E2 interference in the Zeeman spectra of Pb I and Pb II,” J. Phys. B 42, 065002 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Werth, G.

Xin Feng, Guo-Zhong Li, R. Alheit, and G. Werth, “Hyperfine-structure measurements on trapped Pb II,” Phys. Rev. A 46, 327–329 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wilson, M.

S. Bouazza, D. S. Gough, P. Hannaford, R. M. Lowe, and M. Wilson, “Isotope shifts and hyperfine structure in near-ultraviolet transitions of Pb I by Doppler-free saturation spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. A 63, 012516 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Winkler, R.

B. Buchholz, D. Kronfeldt, G. Müller, and R. Winkler, “Determination of the nuclear spin of Bi207 form optical hyperfine structure,” Physica C 83, 247–248 (1976).
[CrossRef]

At. Data Nucl. Data Tables (1)

G. Fricke, C. Bernhardt, K. Heilig, L. A. Schaller, L. Schellenberg, E. B. Shera, and C. W. De Jager, “Nuclear Ground State Charge Radii from Electromagnetic Interactions,” At. Data Nucl. Data Tables 60, 177–285 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Eur. Phys. J. D (1)

T. J. Wąsowicz, R. Drozdowski, and J. Kwela, “Hyperfine structure and isotope shift study in singly ionized lead,” Eur. Phys. J. D 36, 249–255 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. B (2)

S. Werbowy and J. Kwela, “M1-E2 interference in the Zeeman spectra of Pb I and Pb II,” J. Phys. B 42, 065002 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Bouazza, Y. Guern, and J. Bauche, “Isotope shift and hyperfine structure in low-lying levels of Pb II,” J. Phys. B 19, 1881–1889 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Nucl. Phys. A (1)

M. Anselment, W. Faubel, S. Goring, A. Hanser, G. Meisel, H. Rebel, and G. Schatz, Nucl. Phys. A 451, 471–480 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A (3)

Xin Feng, Guo-Zhong Li, R. Alheit, and G. Werth, “Hyperfine-structure measurements on trapped Pb II,” Phys. Rev. A 46, 327–329 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Bouazza, D. S. Gough, P. Hannaford, R. M. Lowe, and M. Wilson, “Isotope shifts and hyperfine structure in near-ultraviolet transitions of Pb I by Doppler-free saturation spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. A 63, 012516 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Reeves and F. Fortson, “Isotope shifts at 1.28mm in Pb,” Phys. Rev. A 44, R1439–R1441 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Scr. (2)

T. J. Wąsowicz and J. Kwela, “Isotope shifts in the spectrum of Pb I,” Phys. Scr. 77, 025301 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. Drozdowski and J. Heldt, “Zeeman effect study of the 5s25p6s-5s25p6p transitions in the Sb II,” Phys. Scr. 47, 175–178 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Physica C (1)

B. Buchholz, D. Kronfeldt, G. Müller, and R. Winkler, “Determination of the nuclear spin of Bi207 form optical hyperfine structure,” Physica C 83, 247–248 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Z. Phys. A (1)

U. Dinger, J. Eberz, G. Huber, R. Menges, S. Schröder, R. Kirchner, O. Klepper, T. Kühl, D. Marx, and G. D. Sprouse, “Nuclear moments and change in the charge-radii of neutron deficient lead isotopes,” Z. Phys. A 328, 253–254 (1987).

Z. Phys. D: At., Mol. Clusters (1)

D. Grabowski, R. Drozdowski, J. Kwela, and J. Heldt, “Hyperfine structure and Zeeman effect studies in 6p7p-6p7s transitions in Bi II,” Z. Phys. D: At., Mol. Clusters 38, 289–293 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Other (4)

H. Hühnermann, “Die Isotopie-Verschiebung in den Resonanzlinien des Caesiums,” PhD. thesis (Philipps Universitat, Marburg/Lahn, 1967).

G. Müller, “Neue Methoden der optischen Hyperfeinstruktur: Spektroskopie und ihre Anwendung auf Untersuchungen an Antimon, Wismut, Gold und Platin,” PhD. thesis, (Technischen Universitat, Berlin, 1974).

J. R. Taylor, An Introduction to Error Analysis (University Science Books, 1982).

W. H. King, Isotope Shifts in Atomic Spectra (Plenum, 1984).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Energy levels of the ground configurations 6 s 2 6 p 2 of Pb I and 6 s 2 6 p of Pb II with the observed multipole transitions.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

IS profile of the 531.5 nm line. Filled circles represent the experimental trace obtained with a 16 mm Fabry–Perot spacer and the curves are the best fits. Presented at the bottom is the residual curve describing deviations between calculated and observed profiles.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

IS profile of the 710.2 nm line. Filled circles represent the experimental trace obtained with a 8 mm Fabry–Perot spacer and the curves are the best fits. Presented at the bottom is the residual curve describing deviations between calculated and observed profiles.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

King plots for 710.2, 531.5, 733.2, and 461.9 nm lines. The curves represent the computer generated best fits.

Tables (3)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Hfs Constants A of Pb I and Pb II

Tables Icon

Table 2 Observed IS Relative to the Isotope 208 of Lead (in mK)

Tables Icon

Table 3 Results of the King Plot Analysis: Electronic Factors for Investigated Lines

Equations (4)

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I ( ν ) = I 0 ( ν ) + i I i 1 + α 1 2 ( ν ν ̃ i ) 2 + α 2 4 ( ν ν ̃ i ) 4 ,
δ ν i A A = M i A A A A + F i λ A A .
μ A A δ ν i A A = M i A std A std A std A std + F i μ A A λ A A ,
μ A A = A A A A A std A std A std A std .

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