Abstract

We report on a theoretical and experimental investigation of the bistable behavior of the polarization of long-wavelength single-transverse mode vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers (VCSELs) when subject to orthogonal optical injection. We have studied the bistability properties of the polarization switching that appear when changing the master laser wavelength with a fixed master laser power. Two bistable regions are found for polarization switchings appearing at short and long wavelengths. The directions of the obtained hysteresis cycles are in agreement with the experimental results. The widths of both bistable regions are also found to be similar and nearly independent of the injected power. The width of the region where polarization switching takes place is shown to increase as the injected power is increased. A good overall qualitative agreement is found between our theoretical and experimental results.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
  2. H. Kawaguchi, Bistability and Nonlinearities in Laser Diodes (Artech House, 1994).
  3. F. Koyama, “Recent advances of VCSEL photonics,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 4502–4513 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  4. C. H. Chang, L. Chrostowski, and C. J. Chang-Hasnain, “Injection locking of VCSELs,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9, 1386–1393 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  5. L. Chrostowski, B. Faraji, W. Hofmann, M. C. Amann, S. Wieczorek, and W. W. Chow, “40 GHz bandwidth and 64 resonance frequency in injection-locked 1.55 μm VCSELs,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 1200–1208 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  6. C. J. Chang-Hasnain, J. P. Harbison, G. Hasnain, A. C. von Lehmen, L. T. Florez, and N. G. Stoffel, “Dynamic, polarization and transverse mode characteristics of vertical cavity surface emitting lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1402–1409 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  7. K. D. Choquette, R. P. Schneider, K. L. Lear, and R. E. Leibenguth, “Gain-dependent polarization properties of vertical-cavity lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 661–666 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  8. M. San Miguel, Q. Feng, and J. V. Moloney, “Light-polarization dynamics in surface-emitting semiconductor lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 52, 1728–1739 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. J. M. Martín-Regalado, F. Prati, M. San Miguel, and N. B. Abraham, “Polarization properties of vertical cavity surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 765–783 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  10. A. Valle, L. Pesquera, and K. A. Shore, “Polarization behaviour of birefringent multitransverse mode vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 557–559 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  11. B. Ryvkin, K. Panajotov, A. Georgievski, J. Danckaert, M. Peeters, G. Verschaffelt, H. Thienpont, and I. Veretennicoff, “Effect of photon-energy-dependent loss and gain mechanisms on polarization switching in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 2106–2113 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  12. Z. G. Pan, S. Jiang, M. Dagenais, R. A. Morgan, K. Kojima, M. T. Asom, and R. E. Leibenguth, “Optical injection induced polarization bistability in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 2999–3001 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  13. J. B. Altes, I. Gatare, K. Panajotov, H. Thienpont, and M. Sciamanna, “Mapping of the dynamics induced by orthogonal optical injection in vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 198–207 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  14. A. Hurtado, I. D. Henning, and M. J. Adams, “Two-wavelength switching with a 1550 nm VCSEL under single orthogonal optical injection,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14, 911–917 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  15. A. Hurtado, I. D. Henning, and M. J. Adams, “Different forms of wavelength polarization switching and bistability in a 1.55 μm vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser under orthogonally polarized optical injection,” Opt. Lett. 34, 365–367 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. B. S. Ryvkin, K. Panajotov, E. A. Avrutin, I. Veretennicoff, and H. Thienpont, “Optical-injection-induced polarization switching in polarization-bistable vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” J. Appl. Phys. 96, 6002–6007 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  17. I. Gatare, J. Buesa, H. Thienpont, K. Panajotov, and M. Sciamanna, “Polarization switching bistability and dynamics in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers under orthogonal optical injection,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 38, 429–443 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  18. T. Mori, Y. Yamayoshi, and H. Kawaguchi, “Low-switching-energy and high-repetition-frequency all-optical flip-flop operations of a polarization bistable vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 101102 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  19. M. Sciamanna and K. Panajotov, “Route to polarization switching induced by optical-injection in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 73, 023811 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  20. I. Gatare, M. Sciamanna, M. Nizette, and K. Panajotov, “Bifurcation to polarization switching and locking in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with optical injection,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 031803 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  21. K. H. Jeong, K. H. Kim, S. H. Lee, M. H. Lee, B. S. Yoo, and K. A. Shore, “Optical injection-induced polarization switching dynamics in 1.5 μm wavelength single-mode vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 779–781 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  22. Y. Hong, K. A. Shore, A. Larsson, M. Ghisoni, and J. Halonen, “Pure frequency-polarisation bistability in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers subject to optical injection,” Electron. Lett. 36, 2019–2020 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  23. Y. Hong, K. A. Shore, A. Larsson, M. Ghisoni, and J. Halonen, “Polarisation switching in a vertical-cavity surface-emitting semiconductor laser by frequency detuning,” IEE Proc.: Optoelectron. 148, 31–34 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  24. I. Gatare, K. Panajotov, and M. Sciamanna, “Frequency-induced polarization bistability in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with orthogonal optical injection,” Phys. Rev. A 75, 023804 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  25. A. Valle, M. Gomez-Molina, and L. Pesquera, “Polarization bistability in 1550 nm wavelength single-mode VCSELs subject to orthogonal optical injection,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14, 895–902 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  26. A. Quirce, A. Valle, and L. Pesquera, “Very wide hysteresis cycles in 1550-nm VCSELs subject to orthogonal optical injection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1193–1195 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  27. A. Hurtado, I. D. Henning, and M. J. Adams, “Wavelength polarization switching and bistability in a 1550-nm VCSEL subject to polarized optical injection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1084–1086 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  28. A. Hurtado, A. Quirce, A. Valle, L. Pesquera, and M. J. Adams, “Power and wavelength polarization bistability with very wide hysteresis cycles in a 1550 nm-VCSEL subject to orthogonal optical injection,” Opt. Express 17, 23637–23642 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  29. J. Danckaert, B. Nagler, J. Albert, K. Panajotov, I. Veretennicoff, and T. Erneux, “Minimal rate equations describing polarization switching in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Opt. Commun. 201, 129–137 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  30. S. Barland, P. Spinicelli, G. Giacomelli, and F. Marin, “Measurement of the working parameters of an air-post vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 1235–1243 (2005).
    [CrossRef]

2009 (4)

A. Hurtado, I. D. Henning, and M. J. Adams, “Different forms of wavelength polarization switching and bistability in a 1.55 μm vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser under orthogonally polarized optical injection,” Opt. Lett. 34, 365–367 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Quirce, A. Valle, and L. Pesquera, “Very wide hysteresis cycles in 1550-nm VCSELs subject to orthogonal optical injection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1193–1195 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Hurtado, I. D. Henning, and M. J. Adams, “Wavelength polarization switching and bistability in a 1550-nm VCSEL subject to polarized optical injection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1084–1086 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Hurtado, A. Quirce, A. Valle, L. Pesquera, and M. J. Adams, “Power and wavelength polarization bistability with very wide hysteresis cycles in a 1550 nm-VCSEL subject to orthogonal optical injection,” Opt. Express 17, 23637–23642 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (3)

K. H. Jeong, K. H. Kim, S. H. Lee, M. H. Lee, B. S. Yoo, and K. A. Shore, “Optical injection-induced polarization switching dynamics in 1.5 μm wavelength single-mode vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 779–781 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Valle, M. Gomez-Molina, and L. Pesquera, “Polarization bistability in 1550 nm wavelength single-mode VCSELs subject to orthogonal optical injection,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14, 895–902 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Hurtado, I. D. Henning, and M. J. Adams, “Two-wavelength switching with a 1550 nm VCSEL under single orthogonal optical injection,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14, 911–917 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (3)

L. Chrostowski, B. Faraji, W. Hofmann, M. C. Amann, S. Wieczorek, and W. W. Chow, “40 GHz bandwidth and 64 resonance frequency in injection-locked 1.55 μm VCSELs,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 1200–1208 (2007).
[CrossRef]

I. Gatare, K. Panajotov, and M. Sciamanna, “Frequency-induced polarization bistability in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with orthogonal optical injection,” Phys. Rev. A 75, 023804 (2007).
[CrossRef]

I. Gatare, M. Sciamanna, M. Nizette, and K. Panajotov, “Bifurcation to polarization switching and locking in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with optical injection,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 031803 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (5)

I. Gatare, J. Buesa, H. Thienpont, K. Panajotov, and M. Sciamanna, “Polarization switching bistability and dynamics in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers under orthogonal optical injection,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 38, 429–443 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. Mori, Y. Yamayoshi, and H. Kawaguchi, “Low-switching-energy and high-repetition-frequency all-optical flip-flop operations of a polarization bistable vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 101102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Sciamanna and K. Panajotov, “Route to polarization switching induced by optical-injection in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 73, 023811 (2006).
[CrossRef]

F. Koyama, “Recent advances of VCSEL photonics,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 4502–4513 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Altes, I. Gatare, K. Panajotov, H. Thienpont, and M. Sciamanna, “Mapping of the dynamics induced by orthogonal optical injection in vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 198–207 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

S. Barland, P. Spinicelli, G. Giacomelli, and F. Marin, “Measurement of the working parameters of an air-post vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 1235–1243 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

B. S. Ryvkin, K. Panajotov, E. A. Avrutin, I. Veretennicoff, and H. Thienpont, “Optical-injection-induced polarization switching in polarization-bistable vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” J. Appl. Phys. 96, 6002–6007 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

C. H. Chang, L. Chrostowski, and C. J. Chang-Hasnain, “Injection locking of VCSELs,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9, 1386–1393 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

J. Danckaert, B. Nagler, J. Albert, K. Panajotov, I. Veretennicoff, and T. Erneux, “Minimal rate equations describing polarization switching in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Opt. Commun. 201, 129–137 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

Y. Hong, K. A. Shore, A. Larsson, M. Ghisoni, and J. Halonen, “Polarisation switching in a vertical-cavity surface-emitting semiconductor laser by frequency detuning,” IEE Proc.: Optoelectron. 148, 31–34 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

Y. Hong, K. A. Shore, A. Larsson, M. Ghisoni, and J. Halonen, “Pure frequency-polarisation bistability in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers subject to optical injection,” Electron. Lett. 36, 2019–2020 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

1997 (3)

J. M. Martín-Regalado, F. Prati, M. San Miguel, and N. B. Abraham, “Polarization properties of vertical cavity surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 765–783 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Valle, L. Pesquera, and K. A. Shore, “Polarization behaviour of birefringent multitransverse mode vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 557–559 (1997).
[CrossRef]

H. Kawaguchi, “Bistable laser diodes and their applications: State of the art,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3, 1254–1270 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1995 (2)

K. D. Choquette, R. P. Schneider, K. L. Lear, and R. E. Leibenguth, “Gain-dependent polarization properties of vertical-cavity lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 661–666 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. San Miguel, Q. Feng, and J. V. Moloney, “Light-polarization dynamics in surface-emitting semiconductor lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 52, 1728–1739 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1994 (1)

H. Kawaguchi, Bistability and Nonlinearities in Laser Diodes (Artech House, 1994).

1993 (1)

Z. G. Pan, S. Jiang, M. Dagenais, R. A. Morgan, K. Kojima, M. T. Asom, and R. E. Leibenguth, “Optical injection induced polarization bistability in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 2999–3001 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

C. J. Chang-Hasnain, J. P. Harbison, G. Hasnain, A. C. von Lehmen, L. T. Florez, and N. G. Stoffel, “Dynamic, polarization and transverse mode characteristics of vertical cavity surface emitting lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1402–1409 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Abraham, N. B.

J. M. Martín-Regalado, F. Prati, M. San Miguel, and N. B. Abraham, “Polarization properties of vertical cavity surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 765–783 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Adams, M. J.

A. Hurtado, I. D. Henning, and M. J. Adams, “Different forms of wavelength polarization switching and bistability in a 1.55 μm vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser under orthogonally polarized optical injection,” Opt. Lett. 34, 365–367 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Hurtado, I. D. Henning, and M. J. Adams, “Wavelength polarization switching and bistability in a 1550-nm VCSEL subject to polarized optical injection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1084–1086 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Hurtado, A. Quirce, A. Valle, L. Pesquera, and M. J. Adams, “Power and wavelength polarization bistability with very wide hysteresis cycles in a 1550 nm-VCSEL subject to orthogonal optical injection,” Opt. Express 17, 23637–23642 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Hurtado, I. D. Henning, and M. J. Adams, “Two-wavelength switching with a 1550 nm VCSEL under single orthogonal optical injection,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14, 911–917 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Albert, J.

J. Danckaert, B. Nagler, J. Albert, K. Panajotov, I. Veretennicoff, and T. Erneux, “Minimal rate equations describing polarization switching in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Opt. Commun. 201, 129–137 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Altes, J. B.

J. B. Altes, I. Gatare, K. Panajotov, H. Thienpont, and M. Sciamanna, “Mapping of the dynamics induced by orthogonal optical injection in vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 198–207 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Amann, M. C.

L. Chrostowski, B. Faraji, W. Hofmann, M. C. Amann, S. Wieczorek, and W. W. Chow, “40 GHz bandwidth and 64 resonance frequency in injection-locked 1.55 μm VCSELs,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 1200–1208 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Asom, M. T.

Z. G. Pan, S. Jiang, M. Dagenais, R. A. Morgan, K. Kojima, M. T. Asom, and R. E. Leibenguth, “Optical injection induced polarization bistability in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 2999–3001 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Avrutin, E. A.

B. S. Ryvkin, K. Panajotov, E. A. Avrutin, I. Veretennicoff, and H. Thienpont, “Optical-injection-induced polarization switching in polarization-bistable vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” J. Appl. Phys. 96, 6002–6007 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Barland, S.

S. Barland, P. Spinicelli, G. Giacomelli, and F. Marin, “Measurement of the working parameters of an air-post vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 1235–1243 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Buesa, J.

I. Gatare, J. Buesa, H. Thienpont, K. Panajotov, and M. Sciamanna, “Polarization switching bistability and dynamics in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers under orthogonal optical injection,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 38, 429–443 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chang, C. H.

C. H. Chang, L. Chrostowski, and C. J. Chang-Hasnain, “Injection locking of VCSELs,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9, 1386–1393 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chang-Hasnain, C. J.

C. H. Chang, L. Chrostowski, and C. J. Chang-Hasnain, “Injection locking of VCSELs,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9, 1386–1393 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C. J. Chang-Hasnain, J. P. Harbison, G. Hasnain, A. C. von Lehmen, L. T. Florez, and N. G. Stoffel, “Dynamic, polarization and transverse mode characteristics of vertical cavity surface emitting lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1402–1409 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Choquette, K. D.

K. D. Choquette, R. P. Schneider, K. L. Lear, and R. E. Leibenguth, “Gain-dependent polarization properties of vertical-cavity lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 661–666 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Chow, W. W.

L. Chrostowski, B. Faraji, W. Hofmann, M. C. Amann, S. Wieczorek, and W. W. Chow, “40 GHz bandwidth and 64 resonance frequency in injection-locked 1.55 μm VCSELs,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 1200–1208 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chrostowski, L.

L. Chrostowski, B. Faraji, W. Hofmann, M. C. Amann, S. Wieczorek, and W. W. Chow, “40 GHz bandwidth and 64 resonance frequency in injection-locked 1.55 μm VCSELs,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 1200–1208 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Chang, L. Chrostowski, and C. J. Chang-Hasnain, “Injection locking of VCSELs,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9, 1386–1393 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Dagenais, M.

Z. G. Pan, S. Jiang, M. Dagenais, R. A. Morgan, K. Kojima, M. T. Asom, and R. E. Leibenguth, “Optical injection induced polarization bistability in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 2999–3001 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Danckaert, J.

J. Danckaert, B. Nagler, J. Albert, K. Panajotov, I. Veretennicoff, and T. Erneux, “Minimal rate equations describing polarization switching in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Opt. Commun. 201, 129–137 (2002).
[CrossRef]

B. Ryvkin, K. Panajotov, A. Georgievski, J. Danckaert, M. Peeters, G. Verschaffelt, H. Thienpont, and I. Veretennicoff, “Effect of photon-energy-dependent loss and gain mechanisms on polarization switching in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 2106–2113 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Erneux, T.

J. Danckaert, B. Nagler, J. Albert, K. Panajotov, I. Veretennicoff, and T. Erneux, “Minimal rate equations describing polarization switching in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Opt. Commun. 201, 129–137 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Faraji, B.

L. Chrostowski, B. Faraji, W. Hofmann, M. C. Amann, S. Wieczorek, and W. W. Chow, “40 GHz bandwidth and 64 resonance frequency in injection-locked 1.55 μm VCSELs,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 1200–1208 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Feng, Q.

M. San Miguel, Q. Feng, and J. V. Moloney, “Light-polarization dynamics in surface-emitting semiconductor lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 52, 1728–1739 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Florez, L. T.

C. J. Chang-Hasnain, J. P. Harbison, G. Hasnain, A. C. von Lehmen, L. T. Florez, and N. G. Stoffel, “Dynamic, polarization and transverse mode characteristics of vertical cavity surface emitting lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1402–1409 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Gatare, I.

I. Gatare, M. Sciamanna, M. Nizette, and K. Panajotov, “Bifurcation to polarization switching and locking in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with optical injection,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 031803 (2007).
[CrossRef]

I. Gatare, K. Panajotov, and M. Sciamanna, “Frequency-induced polarization bistability in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with orthogonal optical injection,” Phys. Rev. A 75, 023804 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Altes, I. Gatare, K. Panajotov, H. Thienpont, and M. Sciamanna, “Mapping of the dynamics induced by orthogonal optical injection in vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 198–207 (2006).
[CrossRef]

I. Gatare, J. Buesa, H. Thienpont, K. Panajotov, and M. Sciamanna, “Polarization switching bistability and dynamics in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers under orthogonal optical injection,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 38, 429–443 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Georgievski, A.

Ghisoni, M.

Y. Hong, K. A. Shore, A. Larsson, M. Ghisoni, and J. Halonen, “Polarisation switching in a vertical-cavity surface-emitting semiconductor laser by frequency detuning,” IEE Proc.: Optoelectron. 148, 31–34 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Y. Hong, K. A. Shore, A. Larsson, M. Ghisoni, and J. Halonen, “Pure frequency-polarisation bistability in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers subject to optical injection,” Electron. Lett. 36, 2019–2020 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Giacomelli, G.

S. Barland, P. Spinicelli, G. Giacomelli, and F. Marin, “Measurement of the working parameters of an air-post vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 1235–1243 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Gomez-Molina, M.

A. Valle, M. Gomez-Molina, and L. Pesquera, “Polarization bistability in 1550 nm wavelength single-mode VCSELs subject to orthogonal optical injection,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14, 895–902 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Halonen, J.

Y. Hong, K. A. Shore, A. Larsson, M. Ghisoni, and J. Halonen, “Polarisation switching in a vertical-cavity surface-emitting semiconductor laser by frequency detuning,” IEE Proc.: Optoelectron. 148, 31–34 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Y. Hong, K. A. Shore, A. Larsson, M. Ghisoni, and J. Halonen, “Pure frequency-polarisation bistability in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers subject to optical injection,” Electron. Lett. 36, 2019–2020 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Harbison, J. P.

C. J. Chang-Hasnain, J. P. Harbison, G. Hasnain, A. C. von Lehmen, L. T. Florez, and N. G. Stoffel, “Dynamic, polarization and transverse mode characteristics of vertical cavity surface emitting lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1402–1409 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Hasnain, G.

C. J. Chang-Hasnain, J. P. Harbison, G. Hasnain, A. C. von Lehmen, L. T. Florez, and N. G. Stoffel, “Dynamic, polarization and transverse mode characteristics of vertical cavity surface emitting lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1402–1409 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Henning, I. D.

A. Hurtado, I. D. Henning, and M. J. Adams, “Different forms of wavelength polarization switching and bistability in a 1.55 μm vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser under orthogonally polarized optical injection,” Opt. Lett. 34, 365–367 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Hurtado, I. D. Henning, and M. J. Adams, “Wavelength polarization switching and bistability in a 1550-nm VCSEL subject to polarized optical injection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1084–1086 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Hurtado, I. D. Henning, and M. J. Adams, “Two-wavelength switching with a 1550 nm VCSEL under single orthogonal optical injection,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14, 911–917 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hofmann, W.

L. Chrostowski, B. Faraji, W. Hofmann, M. C. Amann, S. Wieczorek, and W. W. Chow, “40 GHz bandwidth and 64 resonance frequency in injection-locked 1.55 μm VCSELs,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 1200–1208 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hong, Y.

Y. Hong, K. A. Shore, A. Larsson, M. Ghisoni, and J. Halonen, “Polarisation switching in a vertical-cavity surface-emitting semiconductor laser by frequency detuning,” IEE Proc.: Optoelectron. 148, 31–34 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Y. Hong, K. A. Shore, A. Larsson, M. Ghisoni, and J. Halonen, “Pure frequency-polarisation bistability in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers subject to optical injection,” Electron. Lett. 36, 2019–2020 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hurtado, A.

A. Hurtado, I. D. Henning, and M. J. Adams, “Wavelength polarization switching and bistability in a 1550-nm VCSEL subject to polarized optical injection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1084–1086 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Hurtado, A. Quirce, A. Valle, L. Pesquera, and M. J. Adams, “Power and wavelength polarization bistability with very wide hysteresis cycles in a 1550 nm-VCSEL subject to orthogonal optical injection,” Opt. Express 17, 23637–23642 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Hurtado, I. D. Henning, and M. J. Adams, “Different forms of wavelength polarization switching and bistability in a 1.55 μm vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser under orthogonally polarized optical injection,” Opt. Lett. 34, 365–367 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Hurtado, I. D. Henning, and M. J. Adams, “Two-wavelength switching with a 1550 nm VCSEL under single orthogonal optical injection,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14, 911–917 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Jeong, K. H.

K. H. Jeong, K. H. Kim, S. H. Lee, M. H. Lee, B. S. Yoo, and K. A. Shore, “Optical injection-induced polarization switching dynamics in 1.5 μm wavelength single-mode vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 779–781 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, S.

Z. G. Pan, S. Jiang, M. Dagenais, R. A. Morgan, K. Kojima, M. T. Asom, and R. E. Leibenguth, “Optical injection induced polarization bistability in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 2999–3001 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Kawaguchi, H.

T. Mori, Y. Yamayoshi, and H. Kawaguchi, “Low-switching-energy and high-repetition-frequency all-optical flip-flop operations of a polarization bistable vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 101102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. Kawaguchi, “Bistable laser diodes and their applications: State of the art,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3, 1254–1270 (1997).
[CrossRef]

H. Kawaguchi, Bistability and Nonlinearities in Laser Diodes (Artech House, 1994).

Kim, K. H.

K. H. Jeong, K. H. Kim, S. H. Lee, M. H. Lee, B. S. Yoo, and K. A. Shore, “Optical injection-induced polarization switching dynamics in 1.5 μm wavelength single-mode vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 779–781 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kojima, K.

Z. G. Pan, S. Jiang, M. Dagenais, R. A. Morgan, K. Kojima, M. T. Asom, and R. E. Leibenguth, “Optical injection induced polarization bistability in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 2999–3001 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Koyama, F.

Larsson, A.

Y. Hong, K. A. Shore, A. Larsson, M. Ghisoni, and J. Halonen, “Polarisation switching in a vertical-cavity surface-emitting semiconductor laser by frequency detuning,” IEE Proc.: Optoelectron. 148, 31–34 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Y. Hong, K. A. Shore, A. Larsson, M. Ghisoni, and J. Halonen, “Pure frequency-polarisation bistability in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers subject to optical injection,” Electron. Lett. 36, 2019–2020 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lear, K. L.

K. D. Choquette, R. P. Schneider, K. L. Lear, and R. E. Leibenguth, “Gain-dependent polarization properties of vertical-cavity lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 661–666 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Lee, M. H.

K. H. Jeong, K. H. Kim, S. H. Lee, M. H. Lee, B. S. Yoo, and K. A. Shore, “Optical injection-induced polarization switching dynamics in 1.5 μm wavelength single-mode vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 779–781 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lee, S. H.

K. H. Jeong, K. H. Kim, S. H. Lee, M. H. Lee, B. S. Yoo, and K. A. Shore, “Optical injection-induced polarization switching dynamics in 1.5 μm wavelength single-mode vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 779–781 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Leibenguth, R. E.

K. D. Choquette, R. P. Schneider, K. L. Lear, and R. E. Leibenguth, “Gain-dependent polarization properties of vertical-cavity lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 661–666 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Z. G. Pan, S. Jiang, M. Dagenais, R. A. Morgan, K. Kojima, M. T. Asom, and R. E. Leibenguth, “Optical injection induced polarization bistability in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 2999–3001 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Marin, F.

S. Barland, P. Spinicelli, G. Giacomelli, and F. Marin, “Measurement of the working parameters of an air-post vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 1235–1243 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Martín-Regalado, J. M.

J. M. Martín-Regalado, F. Prati, M. San Miguel, and N. B. Abraham, “Polarization properties of vertical cavity surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 765–783 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Moloney, J. V.

M. San Miguel, Q. Feng, and J. V. Moloney, “Light-polarization dynamics in surface-emitting semiconductor lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 52, 1728–1739 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Morgan, R. A.

Z. G. Pan, S. Jiang, M. Dagenais, R. A. Morgan, K. Kojima, M. T. Asom, and R. E. Leibenguth, “Optical injection induced polarization bistability in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 2999–3001 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Mori, T.

T. Mori, Y. Yamayoshi, and H. Kawaguchi, “Low-switching-energy and high-repetition-frequency all-optical flip-flop operations of a polarization bistable vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 101102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nagler, B.

J. Danckaert, B. Nagler, J. Albert, K. Panajotov, I. Veretennicoff, and T. Erneux, “Minimal rate equations describing polarization switching in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Opt. Commun. 201, 129–137 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Nizette, M.

I. Gatare, M. Sciamanna, M. Nizette, and K. Panajotov, “Bifurcation to polarization switching and locking in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with optical injection,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 031803 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Pan, Z. G.

Z. G. Pan, S. Jiang, M. Dagenais, R. A. Morgan, K. Kojima, M. T. Asom, and R. E. Leibenguth, “Optical injection induced polarization bistability in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 2999–3001 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Panajotov, K.

I. Gatare, M. Sciamanna, M. Nizette, and K. Panajotov, “Bifurcation to polarization switching and locking in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with optical injection,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 031803 (2007).
[CrossRef]

I. Gatare, K. Panajotov, and M. Sciamanna, “Frequency-induced polarization bistability in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with orthogonal optical injection,” Phys. Rev. A 75, 023804 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Sciamanna and K. Panajotov, “Route to polarization switching induced by optical-injection in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 73, 023811 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Altes, I. Gatare, K. Panajotov, H. Thienpont, and M. Sciamanna, “Mapping of the dynamics induced by orthogonal optical injection in vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 198–207 (2006).
[CrossRef]

I. Gatare, J. Buesa, H. Thienpont, K. Panajotov, and M. Sciamanna, “Polarization switching bistability and dynamics in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers under orthogonal optical injection,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 38, 429–443 (2006).
[CrossRef]

B. S. Ryvkin, K. Panajotov, E. A. Avrutin, I. Veretennicoff, and H. Thienpont, “Optical-injection-induced polarization switching in polarization-bistable vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” J. Appl. Phys. 96, 6002–6007 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Danckaert, B. Nagler, J. Albert, K. Panajotov, I. Veretennicoff, and T. Erneux, “Minimal rate equations describing polarization switching in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Opt. Commun. 201, 129–137 (2002).
[CrossRef]

B. Ryvkin, K. Panajotov, A. Georgievski, J. Danckaert, M. Peeters, G. Verschaffelt, H. Thienpont, and I. Veretennicoff, “Effect of photon-energy-dependent loss and gain mechanisms on polarization switching in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 2106–2113 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Peeters, M.

Pesquera, L.

A. Quirce, A. Valle, and L. Pesquera, “Very wide hysteresis cycles in 1550-nm VCSELs subject to orthogonal optical injection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1193–1195 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Hurtado, A. Quirce, A. Valle, L. Pesquera, and M. J. Adams, “Power and wavelength polarization bistability with very wide hysteresis cycles in a 1550 nm-VCSEL subject to orthogonal optical injection,” Opt. Express 17, 23637–23642 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Valle, M. Gomez-Molina, and L. Pesquera, “Polarization bistability in 1550 nm wavelength single-mode VCSELs subject to orthogonal optical injection,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14, 895–902 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Valle, L. Pesquera, and K. A. Shore, “Polarization behaviour of birefringent multitransverse mode vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 557–559 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Prati, F.

J. M. Martín-Regalado, F. Prati, M. San Miguel, and N. B. Abraham, “Polarization properties of vertical cavity surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 765–783 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Quirce, A.

A. Quirce, A. Valle, and L. Pesquera, “Very wide hysteresis cycles in 1550-nm VCSELs subject to orthogonal optical injection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1193–1195 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Hurtado, A. Quirce, A. Valle, L. Pesquera, and M. J. Adams, “Power and wavelength polarization bistability with very wide hysteresis cycles in a 1550 nm-VCSEL subject to orthogonal optical injection,” Opt. Express 17, 23637–23642 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ryvkin, B.

Ryvkin, B. S.

B. S. Ryvkin, K. Panajotov, E. A. Avrutin, I. Veretennicoff, and H. Thienpont, “Optical-injection-induced polarization switching in polarization-bistable vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” J. Appl. Phys. 96, 6002–6007 (2004).
[CrossRef]

San Miguel, M.

J. M. Martín-Regalado, F. Prati, M. San Miguel, and N. B. Abraham, “Polarization properties of vertical cavity surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 765–783 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. San Miguel, Q. Feng, and J. V. Moloney, “Light-polarization dynamics in surface-emitting semiconductor lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 52, 1728–1739 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schneider, R. P.

K. D. Choquette, R. P. Schneider, K. L. Lear, and R. E. Leibenguth, “Gain-dependent polarization properties of vertical-cavity lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 661–666 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Sciamanna, M.

I. Gatare, K. Panajotov, and M. Sciamanna, “Frequency-induced polarization bistability in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with orthogonal optical injection,” Phys. Rev. A 75, 023804 (2007).
[CrossRef]

I. Gatare, M. Sciamanna, M. Nizette, and K. Panajotov, “Bifurcation to polarization switching and locking in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with optical injection,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 031803 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Sciamanna and K. Panajotov, “Route to polarization switching induced by optical-injection in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 73, 023811 (2006).
[CrossRef]

I. Gatare, J. Buesa, H. Thienpont, K. Panajotov, and M. Sciamanna, “Polarization switching bistability and dynamics in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers under orthogonal optical injection,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 38, 429–443 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Altes, I. Gatare, K. Panajotov, H. Thienpont, and M. Sciamanna, “Mapping of the dynamics induced by orthogonal optical injection in vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 198–207 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Shore, K. A.

K. H. Jeong, K. H. Kim, S. H. Lee, M. H. Lee, B. S. Yoo, and K. A. Shore, “Optical injection-induced polarization switching dynamics in 1.5 μm wavelength single-mode vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 779–781 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. Hong, K. A. Shore, A. Larsson, M. Ghisoni, and J. Halonen, “Polarisation switching in a vertical-cavity surface-emitting semiconductor laser by frequency detuning,” IEE Proc.: Optoelectron. 148, 31–34 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Y. Hong, K. A. Shore, A. Larsson, M. Ghisoni, and J. Halonen, “Pure frequency-polarisation bistability in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers subject to optical injection,” Electron. Lett. 36, 2019–2020 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. Valle, L. Pesquera, and K. A. Shore, “Polarization behaviour of birefringent multitransverse mode vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 557–559 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Spinicelli, P.

S. Barland, P. Spinicelli, G. Giacomelli, and F. Marin, “Measurement of the working parameters of an air-post vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 1235–1243 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Stoffel, N. G.

C. J. Chang-Hasnain, J. P. Harbison, G. Hasnain, A. C. von Lehmen, L. T. Florez, and N. G. Stoffel, “Dynamic, polarization and transverse mode characteristics of vertical cavity surface emitting lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1402–1409 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Thienpont, H.

J. B. Altes, I. Gatare, K. Panajotov, H. Thienpont, and M. Sciamanna, “Mapping of the dynamics induced by orthogonal optical injection in vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 198–207 (2006).
[CrossRef]

I. Gatare, J. Buesa, H. Thienpont, K. Panajotov, and M. Sciamanna, “Polarization switching bistability and dynamics in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers under orthogonal optical injection,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 38, 429–443 (2006).
[CrossRef]

B. S. Ryvkin, K. Panajotov, E. A. Avrutin, I. Veretennicoff, and H. Thienpont, “Optical-injection-induced polarization switching in polarization-bistable vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” J. Appl. Phys. 96, 6002–6007 (2004).
[CrossRef]

B. Ryvkin, K. Panajotov, A. Georgievski, J. Danckaert, M. Peeters, G. Verschaffelt, H. Thienpont, and I. Veretennicoff, “Effect of photon-energy-dependent loss and gain mechanisms on polarization switching in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 2106–2113 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Valle, A.

A. Hurtado, A. Quirce, A. Valle, L. Pesquera, and M. J. Adams, “Power and wavelength polarization bistability with very wide hysteresis cycles in a 1550 nm-VCSEL subject to orthogonal optical injection,” Opt. Express 17, 23637–23642 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Quirce, A. Valle, and L. Pesquera, “Very wide hysteresis cycles in 1550-nm VCSELs subject to orthogonal optical injection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1193–1195 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Valle, M. Gomez-Molina, and L. Pesquera, “Polarization bistability in 1550 nm wavelength single-mode VCSELs subject to orthogonal optical injection,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14, 895–902 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Valle, L. Pesquera, and K. A. Shore, “Polarization behaviour of birefringent multitransverse mode vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 557–559 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Veretennicoff, I.

B. S. Ryvkin, K. Panajotov, E. A. Avrutin, I. Veretennicoff, and H. Thienpont, “Optical-injection-induced polarization switching in polarization-bistable vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” J. Appl. Phys. 96, 6002–6007 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Danckaert, B. Nagler, J. Albert, K. Panajotov, I. Veretennicoff, and T. Erneux, “Minimal rate equations describing polarization switching in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Opt. Commun. 201, 129–137 (2002).
[CrossRef]

B. Ryvkin, K. Panajotov, A. Georgievski, J. Danckaert, M. Peeters, G. Verschaffelt, H. Thienpont, and I. Veretennicoff, “Effect of photon-energy-dependent loss and gain mechanisms on polarization switching in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 2106–2113 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Verschaffelt, G.

von Lehmen, A. C.

C. J. Chang-Hasnain, J. P. Harbison, G. Hasnain, A. C. von Lehmen, L. T. Florez, and N. G. Stoffel, “Dynamic, polarization and transverse mode characteristics of vertical cavity surface emitting lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1402–1409 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Wieczorek, S.

L. Chrostowski, B. Faraji, W. Hofmann, M. C. Amann, S. Wieczorek, and W. W. Chow, “40 GHz bandwidth and 64 resonance frequency in injection-locked 1.55 μm VCSELs,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 1200–1208 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yamayoshi, Y.

T. Mori, Y. Yamayoshi, and H. Kawaguchi, “Low-switching-energy and high-repetition-frequency all-optical flip-flop operations of a polarization bistable vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 101102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yoo, B. S.

K. H. Jeong, K. H. Kim, S. H. Lee, M. H. Lee, B. S. Yoo, and K. A. Shore, “Optical injection-induced polarization switching dynamics in 1.5 μm wavelength single-mode vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 779–781 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

Z. G. Pan, S. Jiang, M. Dagenais, R. A. Morgan, K. Kojima, M. T. Asom, and R. E. Leibenguth, “Optical injection induced polarization bistability in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 2999–3001 (1993).
[CrossRef]

T. Mori, Y. Yamayoshi, and H. Kawaguchi, “Low-switching-energy and high-repetition-frequency all-optical flip-flop operations of a polarization bistable vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 101102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

Y. Hong, K. A. Shore, A. Larsson, M. Ghisoni, and J. Halonen, “Pure frequency-polarisation bistability in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers subject to optical injection,” Electron. Lett. 36, 2019–2020 (2000).
[CrossRef]

IEE Proc.: Optoelectron. (1)

Y. Hong, K. A. Shore, A. Larsson, M. Ghisoni, and J. Halonen, “Polarisation switching in a vertical-cavity surface-emitting semiconductor laser by frequency detuning,” IEE Proc.: Optoelectron. 148, 31–34 (2001).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (4)

S. Barland, P. Spinicelli, G. Giacomelli, and F. Marin, “Measurement of the working parameters of an air-post vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 1235–1243 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Altes, I. Gatare, K. Panajotov, H. Thienpont, and M. Sciamanna, “Mapping of the dynamics induced by orthogonal optical injection in vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 198–207 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. J. Chang-Hasnain, J. P. Harbison, G. Hasnain, A. C. von Lehmen, L. T. Florez, and N. G. Stoffel, “Dynamic, polarization and transverse mode characteristics of vertical cavity surface emitting lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1402–1409 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Martín-Regalado, F. Prati, M. San Miguel, and N. B. Abraham, “Polarization properties of vertical cavity surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 765–783 (1997).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (6)

K. D. Choquette, R. P. Schneider, K. L. Lear, and R. E. Leibenguth, “Gain-dependent polarization properties of vertical-cavity lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 661–666 (1995).
[CrossRef]

H. Kawaguchi, “Bistable laser diodes and their applications: State of the art,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3, 1254–1270 (1997).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Chang, L. Chrostowski, and C. J. Chang-Hasnain, “Injection locking of VCSELs,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9, 1386–1393 (2003).
[CrossRef]

L. Chrostowski, B. Faraji, W. Hofmann, M. C. Amann, S. Wieczorek, and W. W. Chow, “40 GHz bandwidth and 64 resonance frequency in injection-locked 1.55 μm VCSELs,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 1200–1208 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Hurtado, I. D. Henning, and M. J. Adams, “Two-wavelength switching with a 1550 nm VCSEL under single orthogonal optical injection,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14, 911–917 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Valle, M. Gomez-Molina, and L. Pesquera, “Polarization bistability in 1550 nm wavelength single-mode VCSELs subject to orthogonal optical injection,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14, 895–902 (2008).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (4)

A. Quirce, A. Valle, and L. Pesquera, “Very wide hysteresis cycles in 1550-nm VCSELs subject to orthogonal optical injection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1193–1195 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Hurtado, I. D. Henning, and M. J. Adams, “Wavelength polarization switching and bistability in a 1550-nm VCSEL subject to polarized optical injection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1084–1086 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. H. Jeong, K. H. Kim, S. H. Lee, M. H. Lee, B. S. Yoo, and K. A. Shore, “Optical injection-induced polarization switching dynamics in 1.5 μm wavelength single-mode vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 779–781 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Valle, L. Pesquera, and K. A. Shore, “Polarization behaviour of birefringent multitransverse mode vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 557–559 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

B. S. Ryvkin, K. Panajotov, E. A. Avrutin, I. Veretennicoff, and H. Thienpont, “Optical-injection-induced polarization switching in polarization-bistable vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” J. Appl. Phys. 96, 6002–6007 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Commun. (1)

J. Danckaert, B. Nagler, J. Albert, K. Panajotov, I. Veretennicoff, and T. Erneux, “Minimal rate equations describing polarization switching in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Opt. Commun. 201, 129–137 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Opt. Quantum Electron. (1)

I. Gatare, J. Buesa, H. Thienpont, K. Panajotov, and M. Sciamanna, “Polarization switching bistability and dynamics in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers under orthogonal optical injection,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 38, 429–443 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A (4)

M. Sciamanna and K. Panajotov, “Route to polarization switching induced by optical-injection in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 73, 023811 (2006).
[CrossRef]

I. Gatare, M. Sciamanna, M. Nizette, and K. Panajotov, “Bifurcation to polarization switching and locking in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with optical injection,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 031803 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. San Miguel, Q. Feng, and J. V. Moloney, “Light-polarization dynamics in surface-emitting semiconductor lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 52, 1728–1739 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Gatare, K. Panajotov, and M. Sciamanna, “Frequency-induced polarization bistability in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with orthogonal optical injection,” Phys. Rev. A 75, 023804 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

H. Kawaguchi, Bistability and Nonlinearities in Laser Diodes (Artech House, 1994).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup for orthogonal optical injection in a VCSEL.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Frequency widths of the bistable regions as a function of the injected power. Results corresponding to the SW and LW bistable regions are plotted with squares and circles, respectively. The inset shows the output power as a function of the wavelength of the injected light when P inj = 126 μ W . Results corresponding to increasing and decreasing the wavelength are plotted with solid and dashed lines, respectively. In this figure I VCSEL = 4   mA = 2.47 I th .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Width of the PS region as a function of P inj when I VCSEL = 4   mA .

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Orthogonal (dashed line) and parallel (dotted line) polarization intensities, I x , I y , as functions of a decreasing ML wavelength, λ ML . (b) Orthogonal polarization intensity, I x , as a function of increasing (solid line) and decreasing (dashed line) ML wavelengths. In this figure I = 2.47 I th , P inj = 100 μ W , Δ λ = 0.007   nm , and τ step = 35   ns . The inset shows the considered temporal variation of λ ML .

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Orthogonal polarization intensity, I x , as a function of the ML wavelength when decreasing (dashed line) and increasing (solid line) λ ML for different Δ λ values: (a) Δ λ = 0.015   nm , (b) Δ λ = 0.009   nm , (c) Δ λ = 0.005   nm , (d) Δ λ = 6.25 × 10 4   nm .

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(a) Widths of the PS regions as a function of the injected power for decreasing (white circles) and increasing (black circles) λ ML . (b) Hysteresis width of the bistable regions as a function of the injected power. Results correspond to the LW (black circles) and SW (white circles) bistable regions. In both cases I VCSEL = 2.58 I th , Δ λ = 0.007   nm , and τ step = 35   ns .

Equations (4)

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d E x d t = κ ( 1 + i α ) ( D E x + i d E y E x ) i ( γ p + Δ ω ) E x γ a E x + κ inj E inj + β s p ξ x ( t ) ,
d E y d t = κ ( 1 + i α ) ( D E y i d E x E y ) + i ( γ p Δ ω ) E y + γ a E y + β s p ξ y ( t ) ,
d D d t = γ e [ D ( 1 + | E x | 2 + | E y | 2 ) ] + γ e μ i γ e d ( E y E x E x E y ) ,
d d d t = γ S d γ e d ( | E x | 2 + | E y | 2 ) i γ e D ( E y E x E x E y ) ,

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