B. Gu, W. Ji, H. Z. Yang, and H. T. Wang, “Theoretical and experimental studies of three-photon-induced excited-state absorption,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 081104 (2010).

[CrossRef]

B. Gu, X. Q. Huang, S. Q. Tan, M. Wang, and W. Ji, “Z-scan analytical theories for characterizing multiphoton absorbers,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 95, 375–381 (2009).

[CrossRef]

M. Chattopadhyay, P. Kumbhakar, C. S. Tiwary, A. K. Mitra, and U. Chatterjee, “Multiphoton absorption and refraction in Mn2+ doped ZnS quantum dots,” J. Appl. Phys. 105, 024313 (2009).

[CrossRef]

M. Chattopadhyay, P. Kumbhakar, R. Sarkar, and A. K. Mitra, “Enhanced three-photon absorption and nonlinear refraction in ZnS and Mn2+ doped ZnS quantum dots,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 163115 (2009).

[CrossRef]

G. Shi, C. He, Y. Li, R. Zou, X. Zhang, Y. Wang, K. Yang, Y. L. Song, and C. H. Wang, “Excited-state nonlinearity measurements of ZnPcBr4∕DMSO,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26, 754–761 (2009).

[CrossRef]

R. Y. Chen, M. D. B. Charlton, and P. G. Lagoudakis, “Chi 3 dispersion in planar tantalum pentoxide waveguides in the telecommunications window,” Opt. Lett. 34, 1135–1137 (2009).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

G. Boudebs and K. Fedus, “Linear optical characterization of transparent thin films by the Z-scan technique,” Appl. Opt. 48, 4124–4129 (2009).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

B. Gu, H. T. Wang, and W. Ji, “Z-scan technique for investigation of the noninstantaneous optical Kerr nonlinearity,” Opt. Lett. 34, 2769–2771 (2009).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. Chattopadhyay, P. Kumbhakar, C. S. Tiwary, A. K. Mitra, U. Chatterjee, and T. Kobayashi, “Three-photon-induced four-photon absorption and nonlinear refraction in ZnO quantum dots,” Opt. Lett. 34, 3644–3646 (2009).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

B. Gu, W. Ji, and X. Q. Huang, “Analytical expression for femtosecond-pulsed Z scans on instantaneous nonlinearity,” Appl. Opt. 47, 1187–1192 (2008).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

J. N. Badu Reddy, V. B. Naik, S. Elizabeth, H. L. Bhat, N. Venkatram, and D. Narayana Rao, “Multiphoton absorption in CsLiB6O10 with femtosecond infrared laser pulses,” J. Appl. Phys. 104, 053108 (2008).

[CrossRef]

D. S. Corrêa, L. De Boni, L. Misoguti, I. Cohanoschi, F. E. Hernandez, and C. R. Mendonça, “Z-scan theoretical analysis for three-, four- and five-photon absorption,” Opt. Commun. 277, 440–445 (2007).

[CrossRef]

W. C. Hurlbut, Y. S. Lee, K. L. Vodopyanov, P. S. Kuo, and M. M. Fejer, “Multiphoton absorption and nonlinear refraction of GaAs in the mid-infrared,” Opt. Lett. 32, 668–670 (2007).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

N. Venkatram, R. Sathyavathi, and D. Narayana Rao, “Size dependent multiphoton absorption and refraction of CdSe nanoparticles,” Opt. Express 15, 12258–12263 (2007).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Z. B. Liu, X. Q. Yan, J. G. Tian, W. Y. Zhou, and W. P. Zang, “Nonlinear ellipse rotation modified Z-scan measurements of third-order nonlinear susceptibility tensor,” Opt. Express 15, 13351–13359 (2007).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

B. Gu, J. Wang, J. Chen, Y. X. Fan, J. P. Ding, and H. T. Wang, “Z-scan theory for material with two- and three-photon absorption,” Opt. Express 13, 9230–9234 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

J. He, Y. L. Qu, H. P. Li, J. Mi, and W. Ji, “Three-photon absorption in ZnO and ZnS crystals,” Opt. Express 13, 9235–9247 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

B. Gu, J. Chen, Y. X. Fan, J. P. Ding, and H. T. Wang, “Theory of Gaussian beam Z scan with simultaneous third- and fifth-order nonlinear refraction based on a Gaussian decomposition method,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 2651–2659 (2005).

[CrossRef]

R. A. Ganeev, “Nonlinear refraction and nonlinear absorption of various media,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 7, 717–733 (2005).

[CrossRef]

A. Ciattoni, B. Crosignani, P. D. Porto, and A. Yariv, “Azimuthally polarized spatial dark solitons: exact solutions of Maxwell’s equations in a Kerr medium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 073902 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

S. Polyakov, F. Yoshino, M. Liu, and G. Stegeman, “Nonlinear refraction and multiphoton absorption in polydiacetylenes from 1200to2200 nm,” Phys. Rev. B 69, 115421 (2004).

[CrossRef]

F. Yoshino, S. Polyakov, M. Liu, and G. Stegeman, “Observation of three-photon enhanced four-photon absorption,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 063902 (2003).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

G. Tsigaridas, M. Fakis, I. Polyzos, P. Persephonis, and V. Giannetas, “Z-scan analysis for high order nonlinearities through Gaussian decomposition,” Opt. Commun. 225, 253–268 (2003).

[CrossRef]

M. Yin, H. P. Li, S. H. Tang, and W. Ji, “Determination of nonlinear absorption and refraction by single Z-scan method,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 70, 587–591 (2000).

[CrossRef]

D. I. Kovsh, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Numerical modeling of themal refraction in liquids in the transient regime,” Opt. Express 4, 315–327 (1999).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

D. I. Kovsh, S. Yang, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Nonlinear optical beam propagation for optical limiting,” Appl. Opt. 24, 5168–5180 (1999).

[CrossRef]

P. B. Chapple, J. Staromlynska, J. A. Hermann, and T. J. Mckay, “Single-beam Z-scan: measurement techniques and analysis,” J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater. 6, 251–293 (1997).

[CrossRef]

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 760–769 (1990).

[CrossRef]

J. N. Badu Reddy, V. B. Naik, S. Elizabeth, H. L. Bhat, N. Venkatram, and D. Narayana Rao, “Multiphoton absorption in CsLiB6O10 with femtosecond infrared laser pulses,” J. Appl. Phys. 104, 053108 (2008).

[CrossRef]

J. N. Badu Reddy, V. B. Naik, S. Elizabeth, H. L. Bhat, N. Venkatram, and D. Narayana Rao, “Multiphoton absorption in CsLiB6O10 with femtosecond infrared laser pulses,” J. Appl. Phys. 104, 053108 (2008).

[CrossRef]

P. B. Chapple, J. Staromlynska, J. A. Hermann, and T. J. Mckay, “Single-beam Z-scan: measurement techniques and analysis,” J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater. 6, 251–293 (1997).

[CrossRef]

M. Chattopadhyay, P. Kumbhakar, C. S. Tiwary, A. K. Mitra, and U. Chatterjee, “Multiphoton absorption and refraction in Mn2+ doped ZnS quantum dots,” J. Appl. Phys. 105, 024313 (2009).

[CrossRef]

M. Chattopadhyay, P. Kumbhakar, C. S. Tiwary, A. K. Mitra, U. Chatterjee, and T. Kobayashi, “Three-photon-induced four-photon absorption and nonlinear refraction in ZnO quantum dots,” Opt. Lett. 34, 3644–3646 (2009).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. Chattopadhyay, P. Kumbhakar, R. Sarkar, and A. K. Mitra, “Enhanced three-photon absorption and nonlinear refraction in ZnS and Mn2+ doped ZnS quantum dots,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 163115 (2009).

[CrossRef]

M. Chattopadhyay, P. Kumbhakar, C. S. Tiwary, A. K. Mitra, U. Chatterjee, and T. Kobayashi, “Three-photon-induced four-photon absorption and nonlinear refraction in ZnO quantum dots,” Opt. Lett. 34, 3644–3646 (2009).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. Chattopadhyay, P. Kumbhakar, C. S. Tiwary, A. K. Mitra, and U. Chatterjee, “Multiphoton absorption and refraction in Mn2+ doped ZnS quantum dots,” J. Appl. Phys. 105, 024313 (2009).

[CrossRef]

B. Gu, J. Chen, Y. X. Fan, J. P. Ding, and H. T. Wang, “Theory of Gaussian beam Z scan with simultaneous third- and fifth-order nonlinear refraction based on a Gaussian decomposition method,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 2651–2659 (2005).

[CrossRef]

B. Gu, J. Wang, J. Chen, Y. X. Fan, J. P. Ding, and H. T. Wang, “Z-scan theory for material with two- and three-photon absorption,” Opt. Express 13, 9230–9234 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

A. Ciattoni, B. Crosignani, P. D. Porto, and A. Yariv, “Azimuthally polarized spatial dark solitons: exact solutions of Maxwell’s equations in a Kerr medium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 073902 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

D. S. Corrêa, L. De Boni, L. Misoguti, I. Cohanoschi, F. E. Hernandez, and C. R. Mendonça, “Z-scan theoretical analysis for three-, four- and five-photon absorption,” Opt. Commun. 277, 440–445 (2007).

[CrossRef]

D. S. Corrêa, L. De Boni, L. Misoguti, I. Cohanoschi, F. E. Hernandez, and C. R. Mendonça, “Z-scan theoretical analysis for three-, four- and five-photon absorption,” Opt. Commun. 277, 440–445 (2007).

[CrossRef]

A. Ciattoni, B. Crosignani, P. D. Porto, and A. Yariv, “Azimuthally polarized spatial dark solitons: exact solutions of Maxwell’s equations in a Kerr medium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 073902 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

D. S. Corrêa, L. De Boni, L. Misoguti, I. Cohanoschi, F. E. Hernandez, and C. R. Mendonça, “Z-scan theoretical analysis for three-, four- and five-photon absorption,” Opt. Commun. 277, 440–445 (2007).

[CrossRef]

B. Gu, J. Wang, J. Chen, Y. X. Fan, J. P. Ding, and H. T. Wang, “Z-scan theory for material with two- and three-photon absorption,” Opt. Express 13, 9230–9234 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

B. Gu, J. Chen, Y. X. Fan, J. P. Ding, and H. T. Wang, “Theory of Gaussian beam Z scan with simultaneous third- and fifth-order nonlinear refraction based on a Gaussian decomposition method,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 2651–2659 (2005).

[CrossRef]

J. N. Badu Reddy, V. B. Naik, S. Elizabeth, H. L. Bhat, N. Venkatram, and D. Narayana Rao, “Multiphoton absorption in CsLiB6O10 with femtosecond infrared laser pulses,” J. Appl. Phys. 104, 053108 (2008).

[CrossRef]

G. Tsigaridas, M. Fakis, I. Polyzos, P. Persephonis, and V. Giannetas, “Z-scan analysis for high order nonlinearities through Gaussian decomposition,” Opt. Commun. 225, 253–268 (2003).

[CrossRef]

B. Gu, J. Wang, J. Chen, Y. X. Fan, J. P. Ding, and H. T. Wang, “Z-scan theory for material with two- and three-photon absorption,” Opt. Express 13, 9230–9234 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

B. Gu, J. Chen, Y. X. Fan, J. P. Ding, and H. T. Wang, “Theory of Gaussian beam Z scan with simultaneous third- and fifth-order nonlinear refraction based on a Gaussian decomposition method,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 2651–2659 (2005).

[CrossRef]

R. A. Ganeev, “Nonlinear refraction and nonlinear absorption of various media,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 7, 717–733 (2005).

[CrossRef]

G. Tsigaridas, M. Fakis, I. Polyzos, P. Persephonis, and V. Giannetas, “Z-scan analysis for high order nonlinearities through Gaussian decomposition,” Opt. Commun. 225, 253–268 (2003).

[CrossRef]

B. Gu, W. Ji, H. Z. Yang, and H. T. Wang, “Theoretical and experimental studies of three-photon-induced excited-state absorption,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 081104 (2010).

[CrossRef]

B. Gu, H. T. Wang, and W. Ji, “Z-scan technique for investigation of the noninstantaneous optical Kerr nonlinearity,” Opt. Lett. 34, 2769–2771 (2009).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

B. Gu, X. Q. Huang, S. Q. Tan, M. Wang, and W. Ji, “Z-scan analytical theories for characterizing multiphoton absorbers,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 95, 375–381 (2009).

[CrossRef]

B. Gu, W. Ji, and X. Q. Huang, “Analytical expression for femtosecond-pulsed Z scans on instantaneous nonlinearity,” Appl. Opt. 47, 1187–1192 (2008).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

B. Gu, J. Wang, J. Chen, Y. X. Fan, J. P. Ding, and H. T. Wang, “Z-scan theory for material with two- and three-photon absorption,” Opt. Express 13, 9230–9234 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

B. Gu, J. Chen, Y. X. Fan, J. P. Ding, and H. T. Wang, “Theory of Gaussian beam Z scan with simultaneous third- and fifth-order nonlinear refraction based on a Gaussian decomposition method,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 2651–2659 (2005).

[CrossRef]

D. I. Kovsh, S. Yang, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Nonlinear optical beam propagation for optical limiting,” Appl. Opt. 24, 5168–5180 (1999).

[CrossRef]

D. I. Kovsh, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Numerical modeling of themal refraction in liquids in the transient regime,” Opt. Express 4, 315–327 (1999).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 760–769 (1990).

[CrossRef]

G. Shi, C. He, Y. Li, R. Zou, X. Zhang, Y. Wang, K. Yang, Y. L. Song, and C. H. Wang, “Excited-state nonlinearity measurements of ZnPcBr4∕DMSO,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26, 754–761 (2009).

[CrossRef]

P. B. Chapple, J. Staromlynska, J. A. Hermann, and T. J. Mckay, “Single-beam Z-scan: measurement techniques and analysis,” J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater. 6, 251–293 (1997).

[CrossRef]

D. S. Corrêa, L. De Boni, L. Misoguti, I. Cohanoschi, F. E. Hernandez, and C. R. Mendonça, “Z-scan theoretical analysis for three-, four- and five-photon absorption,” Opt. Commun. 277, 440–445 (2007).

[CrossRef]

B. Gu, X. Q. Huang, S. Q. Tan, M. Wang, and W. Ji, “Z-scan analytical theories for characterizing multiphoton absorbers,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 95, 375–381 (2009).

[CrossRef]

B. Gu, W. Ji, and X. Q. Huang, “Analytical expression for femtosecond-pulsed Z scans on instantaneous nonlinearity,” Appl. Opt. 47, 1187–1192 (2008).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

B. Gu, W. Ji, H. Z. Yang, and H. T. Wang, “Theoretical and experimental studies of three-photon-induced excited-state absorption,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 081104 (2010).

[CrossRef]

B. Gu, X. Q. Huang, S. Q. Tan, M. Wang, and W. Ji, “Z-scan analytical theories for characterizing multiphoton absorbers,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 95, 375–381 (2009).

[CrossRef]

B. Gu, H. T. Wang, and W. Ji, “Z-scan technique for investigation of the noninstantaneous optical Kerr nonlinearity,” Opt. Lett. 34, 2769–2771 (2009).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

B. Gu, W. Ji, and X. Q. Huang, “Analytical expression for femtosecond-pulsed Z scans on instantaneous nonlinearity,” Appl. Opt. 47, 1187–1192 (2008).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

J. He, Y. L. Qu, H. P. Li, J. Mi, and W. Ji, “Three-photon absorption in ZnO and ZnS crystals,” Opt. Express 13, 9235–9247 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. Yin, H. P. Li, S. H. Tang, and W. Ji, “Determination of nonlinear absorption and refraction by single Z-scan method,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 70, 587–591 (2000).

[CrossRef]

R. L. Sutherland with contributions by D. G. McLean and S. Kikpatrick, Handbook of Nonlinear Optics, second ed. (Marcel Dekker, 2003).

[CrossRef]

D. I. Kovsh, S. Yang, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Nonlinear optical beam propagation for optical limiting,” Appl. Opt. 24, 5168–5180 (1999).

[CrossRef]

D. I. Kovsh, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Numerical modeling of themal refraction in liquids in the transient regime,” Opt. Express 4, 315–327 (1999).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. Chattopadhyay, P. Kumbhakar, C. S. Tiwary, A. K. Mitra, and U. Chatterjee, “Multiphoton absorption and refraction in Mn2+ doped ZnS quantum dots,” J. Appl. Phys. 105, 024313 (2009).

[CrossRef]

M. Chattopadhyay, P. Kumbhakar, C. S. Tiwary, A. K. Mitra, U. Chatterjee, and T. Kobayashi, “Three-photon-induced four-photon absorption and nonlinear refraction in ZnO quantum dots,” Opt. Lett. 34, 3644–3646 (2009).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. Chattopadhyay, P. Kumbhakar, R. Sarkar, and A. K. Mitra, “Enhanced three-photon absorption and nonlinear refraction in ZnS and Mn2+ doped ZnS quantum dots,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 163115 (2009).

[CrossRef]

J. He, Y. L. Qu, H. P. Li, J. Mi, and W. Ji, “Three-photon absorption in ZnO and ZnS crystals,” Opt. Express 13, 9235–9247 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. Yin, H. P. Li, S. H. Tang, and W. Ji, “Determination of nonlinear absorption and refraction by single Z-scan method,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 70, 587–591 (2000).

[CrossRef]

G. Shi, C. He, Y. Li, R. Zou, X. Zhang, Y. Wang, K. Yang, Y. L. Song, and C. H. Wang, “Excited-state nonlinearity measurements of ZnPcBr4∕DMSO,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26, 754–761 (2009).

[CrossRef]

S. Polyakov, F. Yoshino, M. Liu, and G. Stegeman, “Nonlinear refraction and multiphoton absorption in polydiacetylenes from 1200to2200 nm,” Phys. Rev. B 69, 115421 (2004).

[CrossRef]

F. Yoshino, S. Polyakov, M. Liu, and G. Stegeman, “Observation of three-photon enhanced four-photon absorption,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 063902 (2003).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

P. B. Chapple, J. Staromlynska, J. A. Hermann, and T. J. Mckay, “Single-beam Z-scan: measurement techniques and analysis,” J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater. 6, 251–293 (1997).

[CrossRef]

R. L. Sutherland with contributions by D. G. McLean and S. Kikpatrick, Handbook of Nonlinear Optics, second ed. (Marcel Dekker, 2003).

[CrossRef]

D. S. Corrêa, L. De Boni, L. Misoguti, I. Cohanoschi, F. E. Hernandez, and C. R. Mendonça, “Z-scan theoretical analysis for three-, four- and five-photon absorption,” Opt. Commun. 277, 440–445 (2007).

[CrossRef]

D. S. Corrêa, L. De Boni, L. Misoguti, I. Cohanoschi, F. E. Hernandez, and C. R. Mendonça, “Z-scan theoretical analysis for three-, four- and five-photon absorption,” Opt. Commun. 277, 440–445 (2007).

[CrossRef]

M. Chattopadhyay, P. Kumbhakar, C. S. Tiwary, A. K. Mitra, and U. Chatterjee, “Multiphoton absorption and refraction in Mn2+ doped ZnS quantum dots,” J. Appl. Phys. 105, 024313 (2009).

[CrossRef]

M. Chattopadhyay, P. Kumbhakar, R. Sarkar, and A. K. Mitra, “Enhanced three-photon absorption and nonlinear refraction in ZnS and Mn2+ doped ZnS quantum dots,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 163115 (2009).

[CrossRef]

M. Chattopadhyay, P. Kumbhakar, C. S. Tiwary, A. K. Mitra, U. Chatterjee, and T. Kobayashi, “Three-photon-induced four-photon absorption and nonlinear refraction in ZnO quantum dots,” Opt. Lett. 34, 3644–3646 (2009).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

J. N. Badu Reddy, V. B. Naik, S. Elizabeth, H. L. Bhat, N. Venkatram, and D. Narayana Rao, “Multiphoton absorption in CsLiB6O10 with femtosecond infrared laser pulses,” J. Appl. Phys. 104, 053108 (2008).

[CrossRef]

J. N. Badu Reddy, V. B. Naik, S. Elizabeth, H. L. Bhat, N. Venkatram, and D. Narayana Rao, “Multiphoton absorption in CsLiB6O10 with femtosecond infrared laser pulses,” J. Appl. Phys. 104, 053108 (2008).

[CrossRef]

N. Venkatram, R. Sathyavathi, and D. Narayana Rao, “Size dependent multiphoton absorption and refraction of CdSe nanoparticles,” Opt. Express 15, 12258–12263 (2007).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

G. Tsigaridas, M. Fakis, I. Polyzos, P. Persephonis, and V. Giannetas, “Z-scan analysis for high order nonlinearities through Gaussian decomposition,” Opt. Commun. 225, 253–268 (2003).

[CrossRef]

S. Polyakov, F. Yoshino, M. Liu, and G. Stegeman, “Nonlinear refraction and multiphoton absorption in polydiacetylenes from 1200to2200 nm,” Phys. Rev. B 69, 115421 (2004).

[CrossRef]

F. Yoshino, S. Polyakov, M. Liu, and G. Stegeman, “Observation of three-photon enhanced four-photon absorption,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 063902 (2003).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

S. Polyakov, F. Yoshino, and G. Stegeman, “Interplay between self-focusing and high-order multiphoton absorption,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 1891–1895 (2001).

[CrossRef]

G. Tsigaridas, M. Fakis, I. Polyzos, P. Persephonis, and V. Giannetas, “Z-scan analysis for high order nonlinearities through Gaussian decomposition,” Opt. Commun. 225, 253–268 (2003).

[CrossRef]

A. Ciattoni, B. Crosignani, P. D. Porto, and A. Yariv, “Azimuthally polarized spatial dark solitons: exact solutions of Maxwell’s equations in a Kerr medium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 073902 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 760–769 (1990).

[CrossRef]

M. Chattopadhyay, P. Kumbhakar, R. Sarkar, and A. K. Mitra, “Enhanced three-photon absorption and nonlinear refraction in ZnS and Mn2+ doped ZnS quantum dots,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 163115 (2009).

[CrossRef]

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 760–769 (1990).

[CrossRef]

G. Shi, C. He, Y. Li, R. Zou, X. Zhang, Y. Wang, K. Yang, Y. L. Song, and C. H. Wang, “Excited-state nonlinearity measurements of ZnPcBr4∕DMSO,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26, 754–761 (2009).

[CrossRef]

G. Shi, C. He, Y. Li, R. Zou, X. Zhang, Y. Wang, K. Yang, Y. L. Song, and C. H. Wang, “Excited-state nonlinearity measurements of ZnPcBr4∕DMSO,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26, 754–761 (2009).

[CrossRef]

P. B. Chapple, J. Staromlynska, J. A. Hermann, and T. J. Mckay, “Single-beam Z-scan: measurement techniques and analysis,” J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater. 6, 251–293 (1997).

[CrossRef]

S. Polyakov, F. Yoshino, M. Liu, and G. Stegeman, “Nonlinear refraction and multiphoton absorption in polydiacetylenes from 1200to2200 nm,” Phys. Rev. B 69, 115421 (2004).

[CrossRef]

F. Yoshino, S. Polyakov, M. Liu, and G. Stegeman, “Observation of three-photon enhanced four-photon absorption,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 063902 (2003).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

S. Polyakov, F. Yoshino, and G. Stegeman, “Interplay between self-focusing and high-order multiphoton absorption,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 1891–1895 (2001).

[CrossRef]

R. L. Sutherland with contributions by D. G. McLean and S. Kikpatrick, Handbook of Nonlinear Optics, second ed. (Marcel Dekker, 2003).

[CrossRef]

B. Gu, X. Q. Huang, S. Q. Tan, M. Wang, and W. Ji, “Z-scan analytical theories for characterizing multiphoton absorbers,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 95, 375–381 (2009).

[CrossRef]

M. Yin, H. P. Li, S. H. Tang, and W. Ji, “Determination of nonlinear absorption and refraction by single Z-scan method,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 70, 587–591 (2000).

[CrossRef]

M. Chattopadhyay, P. Kumbhakar, C. S. Tiwary, A. K. Mitra, U. Chatterjee, and T. Kobayashi, “Three-photon-induced four-photon absorption and nonlinear refraction in ZnO quantum dots,” Opt. Lett. 34, 3644–3646 (2009).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. Chattopadhyay, P. Kumbhakar, C. S. Tiwary, A. K. Mitra, and U. Chatterjee, “Multiphoton absorption and refraction in Mn2+ doped ZnS quantum dots,” J. Appl. Phys. 105, 024313 (2009).

[CrossRef]

G. Tsigaridas, M. Fakis, I. Polyzos, P. Persephonis, and V. Giannetas, “Z-scan analysis for high order nonlinearities through Gaussian decomposition,” Opt. Commun. 225, 253–268 (2003).

[CrossRef]

D. I. Kovsh, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Numerical modeling of themal refraction in liquids in the transient regime,” Opt. Express 4, 315–327 (1999).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

D. I. Kovsh, S. Yang, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Nonlinear optical beam propagation for optical limiting,” Appl. Opt. 24, 5168–5180 (1999).

[CrossRef]

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 760–769 (1990).

[CrossRef]

J. N. Badu Reddy, V. B. Naik, S. Elizabeth, H. L. Bhat, N. Venkatram, and D. Narayana Rao, “Multiphoton absorption in CsLiB6O10 with femtosecond infrared laser pulses,” J. Appl. Phys. 104, 053108 (2008).

[CrossRef]

N. Venkatram, R. Sathyavathi, and D. Narayana Rao, “Size dependent multiphoton absorption and refraction of CdSe nanoparticles,” Opt. Express 15, 12258–12263 (2007).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

G. Shi, C. He, Y. Li, R. Zou, X. Zhang, Y. Wang, K. Yang, Y. L. Song, and C. H. Wang, “Excited-state nonlinearity measurements of ZnPcBr4∕DMSO,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26, 754–761 (2009).

[CrossRef]

B. Gu, W. Ji, H. Z. Yang, and H. T. Wang, “Theoretical and experimental studies of three-photon-induced excited-state absorption,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 081104 (2010).

[CrossRef]

B. Gu, H. T. Wang, and W. Ji, “Z-scan technique for investigation of the noninstantaneous optical Kerr nonlinearity,” Opt. Lett. 34, 2769–2771 (2009).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

B. Gu, J. Wang, J. Chen, Y. X. Fan, J. P. Ding, and H. T. Wang, “Z-scan theory for material with two- and three-photon absorption,” Opt. Express 13, 9230–9234 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

B. Gu, J. Chen, Y. X. Fan, J. P. Ding, and H. T. Wang, “Theory of Gaussian beam Z scan with simultaneous third- and fifth-order nonlinear refraction based on a Gaussian decomposition method,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 2651–2659 (2005).

[CrossRef]

B. Gu, X. Q. Huang, S. Q. Tan, M. Wang, and W. Ji, “Z-scan analytical theories for characterizing multiphoton absorbers,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 95, 375–381 (2009).

[CrossRef]

G. Shi, C. He, Y. Li, R. Zou, X. Zhang, Y. Wang, K. Yang, Y. L. Song, and C. H. Wang, “Excited-state nonlinearity measurements of ZnPcBr4∕DMSO,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26, 754–761 (2009).

[CrossRef]

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 760–769 (1990).

[CrossRef]

B. Gu, W. Ji, H. Z. Yang, and H. T. Wang, “Theoretical and experimental studies of three-photon-induced excited-state absorption,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 081104 (2010).

[CrossRef]

G. Shi, C. He, Y. Li, R. Zou, X. Zhang, Y. Wang, K. Yang, Y. L. Song, and C. H. Wang, “Excited-state nonlinearity measurements of ZnPcBr4∕DMSO,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26, 754–761 (2009).

[CrossRef]

D. I. Kovsh, S. Yang, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Nonlinear optical beam propagation for optical limiting,” Appl. Opt. 24, 5168–5180 (1999).

[CrossRef]

A. Ciattoni, B. Crosignani, P. D. Porto, and A. Yariv, “Azimuthally polarized spatial dark solitons: exact solutions of Maxwell’s equations in a Kerr medium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 073902 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. Yin, H. P. Li, S. H. Tang, and W. Ji, “Determination of nonlinear absorption and refraction by single Z-scan method,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 70, 587–591 (2000).

[CrossRef]

S. Polyakov, F. Yoshino, M. Liu, and G. Stegeman, “Nonlinear refraction and multiphoton absorption in polydiacetylenes from 1200to2200 nm,” Phys. Rev. B 69, 115421 (2004).

[CrossRef]

F. Yoshino, S. Polyakov, M. Liu, and G. Stegeman, “Observation of three-photon enhanced four-photon absorption,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 063902 (2003).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

S. Polyakov, F. Yoshino, and G. Stegeman, “Interplay between self-focusing and high-order multiphoton absorption,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 1891–1895 (2001).

[CrossRef]

G. Shi, C. He, Y. Li, R. Zou, X. Zhang, Y. Wang, K. Yang, Y. L. Song, and C. H. Wang, “Excited-state nonlinearity measurements of ZnPcBr4∕DMSO,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26, 754–761 (2009).

[CrossRef]

G. Shi, C. He, Y. Li, R. Zou, X. Zhang, Y. Wang, K. Yang, Y. L. Song, and C. H. Wang, “Excited-state nonlinearity measurements of ZnPcBr4∕DMSO,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26, 754–761 (2009).

[CrossRef]

D. I. Kovsh, S. Yang, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Nonlinear optical beam propagation for optical limiting,” Appl. Opt. 24, 5168–5180 (1999).

[CrossRef]

B. Gu, W. Ji, and X. Q. Huang, “Analytical expression for femtosecond-pulsed Z scans on instantaneous nonlinearity,” Appl. Opt. 47, 1187–1192 (2008).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

G. Boudebs and K. Fedus, “Linear optical characterization of transparent thin films by the Z-scan technique,” Appl. Opt. 48, 4124–4129 (2009).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

B. Gu, X. Q. Huang, S. Q. Tan, M. Wang, and W. Ji, “Z-scan analytical theories for characterizing multiphoton absorbers,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 95, 375–381 (2009).

[CrossRef]

M. Yin, H. P. Li, S. H. Tang, and W. Ji, “Determination of nonlinear absorption and refraction by single Z-scan method,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 70, 587–591 (2000).

[CrossRef]

B. Gu, W. Ji, H. Z. Yang, and H. T. Wang, “Theoretical and experimental studies of three-photon-induced excited-state absorption,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 081104 (2010).

[CrossRef]

M. Chattopadhyay, P. Kumbhakar, R. Sarkar, and A. K. Mitra, “Enhanced three-photon absorption and nonlinear refraction in ZnS and Mn2+ doped ZnS quantum dots,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 163115 (2009).

[CrossRef]

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 760–769 (1990).

[CrossRef]

J. N. Badu Reddy, V. B. Naik, S. Elizabeth, H. L. Bhat, N. Venkatram, and D. Narayana Rao, “Multiphoton absorption in CsLiB6O10 with femtosecond infrared laser pulses,” J. Appl. Phys. 104, 053108 (2008).

[CrossRef]

M. Chattopadhyay, P. Kumbhakar, C. S. Tiwary, A. K. Mitra, and U. Chatterjee, “Multiphoton absorption and refraction in Mn2+ doped ZnS quantum dots,” J. Appl. Phys. 105, 024313 (2009).

[CrossRef]

P. B. Chapple, J. Staromlynska, J. A. Hermann, and T. J. Mckay, “Single-beam Z-scan: measurement techniques and analysis,” J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater. 6, 251–293 (1997).

[CrossRef]

R. A. Ganeev, “Nonlinear refraction and nonlinear absorption of various media,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 7, 717–733 (2005).

[CrossRef]

S. Polyakov, F. Yoshino, and G. Stegeman, “Interplay between self-focusing and high-order multiphoton absorption,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 1891–1895 (2001).

[CrossRef]

G. Shi, C. He, Y. Li, R. Zou, X. Zhang, Y. Wang, K. Yang, Y. L. Song, and C. H. Wang, “Excited-state nonlinearity measurements of ZnPcBr4∕DMSO,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26, 754–761 (2009).

[CrossRef]

B. Gu, J. Chen, Y. X. Fan, J. P. Ding, and H. T. Wang, “Theory of Gaussian beam Z scan with simultaneous third- and fifth-order nonlinear refraction based on a Gaussian decomposition method,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 2651–2659 (2005).

[CrossRef]

G. Tsigaridas, M. Fakis, I. Polyzos, P. Persephonis, and V. Giannetas, “Z-scan analysis for high order nonlinearities through Gaussian decomposition,” Opt. Commun. 225, 253–268 (2003).

[CrossRef]

D. S. Corrêa, L. De Boni, L. Misoguti, I. Cohanoschi, F. E. Hernandez, and C. R. Mendonça, “Z-scan theoretical analysis for three-, four- and five-photon absorption,” Opt. Commun. 277, 440–445 (2007).

[CrossRef]

B. Gu, J. Wang, J. Chen, Y. X. Fan, J. P. Ding, and H. T. Wang, “Z-scan theory for material with two- and three-photon absorption,” Opt. Express 13, 9230–9234 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

J. He, Y. L. Qu, H. P. Li, J. Mi, and W. Ji, “Three-photon absorption in ZnO and ZnS crystals,” Opt. Express 13, 9235–9247 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

N. Venkatram, R. Sathyavathi, and D. Narayana Rao, “Size dependent multiphoton absorption and refraction of CdSe nanoparticles,” Opt. Express 15, 12258–12263 (2007).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Z. B. Liu, X. Q. Yan, J. G. Tian, W. Y. Zhou, and W. P. Zang, “Nonlinear ellipse rotation modified Z-scan measurements of third-order nonlinear susceptibility tensor,” Opt. Express 15, 13351–13359 (2007).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

D. I. Kovsh, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Numerical modeling of themal refraction in liquids in the transient regime,” Opt. Express 4, 315–327 (1999).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

W. C. Hurlbut, Y. S. Lee, K. L. Vodopyanov, P. S. Kuo, and M. M. Fejer, “Multiphoton absorption and nonlinear refraction of GaAs in the mid-infrared,” Opt. Lett. 32, 668–670 (2007).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

R. Y. Chen, M. D. B. Charlton, and P. G. Lagoudakis, “Chi 3 dispersion in planar tantalum pentoxide waveguides in the telecommunications window,” Opt. Lett. 34, 1135–1137 (2009).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

B. Gu, H. T. Wang, and W. Ji, “Z-scan technique for investigation of the noninstantaneous optical Kerr nonlinearity,” Opt. Lett. 34, 2769–2771 (2009).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. Chattopadhyay, P. Kumbhakar, C. S. Tiwary, A. K. Mitra, U. Chatterjee, and T. Kobayashi, “Three-photon-induced four-photon absorption and nonlinear refraction in ZnO quantum dots,” Opt. Lett. 34, 3644–3646 (2009).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

D. Weaire, B. S. Wherrett, D. A. B. Miller, and S. D. Smith, “Effect of low-power nonlinear refraction on laser-beam propagation in InSb,” Opt. Lett. 4, 331–333 (1979).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

S. Polyakov, F. Yoshino, M. Liu, and G. Stegeman, “Nonlinear refraction and multiphoton absorption in polydiacetylenes from 1200to2200 nm,” Phys. Rev. B 69, 115421 (2004).

[CrossRef]

A. Ciattoni, B. Crosignani, P. D. Porto, and A. Yariv, “Azimuthally polarized spatial dark solitons: exact solutions of Maxwell’s equations in a Kerr medium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 073902 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

F. Yoshino, S. Polyakov, M. Liu, and G. Stegeman, “Observation of three-photon enhanced four-photon absorption,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 063902 (2003).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

R. L. Sutherland with contributions by D. G. McLean and S. Kikpatrick, Handbook of Nonlinear Optics, second ed. (Marcel Dekker, 2003).

[CrossRef]