Abstract

We report on the modeling and experimental characterization of an InP-based photonic crystal wire cavity laser bonded to a silicon wafer. Simulations give an insight into the variation of the resonant mode frequency and the dependence of the Q-factor on the geometrical parameters of the laser cavity. Calculated and measured Q-factors are of the order of 104. A low threshold laser operation is demonstrated.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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  1. A. W. Fang, H. Park, Y. Kuo, R. Jones, O. Cohen, D. Liang, O. Raday, M. N. Sysak, M. J. Paniccia, and J. E. Bowers, “Hybrid evanescent silicon devices,” Mater. Today 10, 28–35 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. O. Painter, R. K. Lee, A. Yariv, A. Scherer, J. D. O’Brien, P. D. Dapkus, and I. Kim, “Two-dimensional photonic band-gap defect mode laser,” Science 284, 1819–1821 (1999).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. H. Altug, D. Englund, and J. Vukovic, “Ultrafast photonic crystal nanocavity laser,” Nat. Phys. 2, 484–488 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  5. F. Raineri, A. Yacomotti, T. J. Karle, R. Hostein, R. Braive, A. Beveratos, I. Sagnes, and R. Raj, “Dynamics of band-edge photonic crystal lasers,” Opt. Express 17, 3165–3172 (2009).
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  10. Y. Tanaka, T. Asano, R. Hatsuna, and S. Noda, “Investigation of point-defect cavity formed in two-dimensional photonic crystal slab with one-sided dielectric cladding,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 011112 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  16. Y. Zhang, M. Khan, Y. Huang, J.-H. Ryou, P. Deotare, R. Dupuis, and M. Lončar, “Photonic crystal nanobeam lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 051104 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  21. We use FDTD Solutions by Lumerical http://www.lumerical.com.
  22. J. T. Robinson, C. Manolatou, L. Chen, and M. Lipson, “Ultrasmall mode volumes in dielectric optical microcavities,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 143901 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  24. K.-H. Lee, S. Guilet, G. Patriarche, I. Sagnes, and A. Talneau, “Smooth sidewall in InP-based photonic crystal membrane etched by N2-based inductive coupled plasma,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 26, 1326–1333 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  25. E. Kapon, Semiconductor Lasers (Academic, 1999).
  26. G. Bjork and Y. Yamamoto, “Analysis of semiconductor microcavity lasers using rate equations,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 2386–2396 (1991).
    [CrossRef]

2010 (4)

T. J. Karle, Y. Halioua, F. Raineri, P. Monnier, R. Braive, L. Le Gratiet, G. Beaudoin, I. Sagnes, G. Roelkens, F. Van Laere, D. Van Thourout, and R. Raj, “Heterogeneous integration and precise alignment of InP-based photonic crystal lasers to complementary metal-oxide semiconductor fabricated silicon-on-insulator wire waveguides,” J. Appl. Phys. 107, 063103 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Zhang, M. Khan, Y. Huang, J.-H. Ryou, P. Deotare, R. Dupuis, and M. Lončar, “Photonic crystal nanobeam lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 051104 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Gong, B. Ellis, G. Shambat, T. Sarmiento, J. S. Harris, and J. Vuckovic, “Nanobeam photonic crystal cavity quantum dot laser,” Opt. Express 18, 8781–8789 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B.-H. Ahn, J.-H. Kang, M.-K. Kim, J.-H. Song, B. Min, K.-S. Kim, and Y.-H. Lee, “One-dimensional parabolic-beam photonic crystal laser,” Opt. Express 18, 5654–5660 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (3)

P. B. Deotare, M. W. McCutcheon, I. W. Frank, M. Khan, and M. Lončar, “High quality factor photonic crystal nanobeam cavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 121106 (2009).
[CrossRef]

F. Raineri, A. Yacomotti, T. J. Karle, R. Hostein, R. Braive, A. Beveratos, I. Sagnes, and R. Raj, “Dynamics of band-edge photonic crystal lasers,” Opt. Express 17, 3165–3172 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Halioua, T. J. Karle, F. Raineri, P. Monnier, I. Sagnes, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Raj, “Hybrid InP-based photonic crystal lasers on silicon on insulator wires,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 201119 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (3)

2007 (5)

2006 (4)

Y. Tanaka, T. Asano, R. Hatsuna, and S. Noda, “Investigation of point-defect cavity formed in two-dimensional photonic crystal slab with one-sided dielectric cladding,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 011112 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. Altug, D. Englund, and J. Vukovic, “Ultrafast photonic crystal nanocavity laser,” Nat. Phys. 2, 484–488 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. Velha, J. C. Rodier, P. Lalanne, J. P. Hugonin, E. Picard, T. Charvolin, and E. Hadji, “Ultra-high-reflectivity photonic-bandgap mirrors in a ridge SOI waveguide,” New J. Phys. 8, 204 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. Roelkens, J. Brouckaert, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, R. Notzel, and M. Smith, “Adhesive bonding of an InP/InGaAsP dies to processed silicon-on-insulator wafers,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 153, G1015–G1019 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

J. T. Robinson, C. Manolatou, L. Chen, and M. Lipson, “Ultrasmall mode volumes in dielectric optical microcavities,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 143901 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001 (1)

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Regreny, P. Rojo-Romeo, and P. Viktorovitch, “InP 2D photonic crystal microlasers on silicon wafer: room temperature operation at 1.55 μm,” Electron. Lett. 37, 764–766 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

O. Painter, R. K. Lee, A. Yariv, A. Scherer, J. D. O’Brien, P. D. Dapkus, and I. Kim, “Two-dimensional photonic band-gap defect mode laser,” Science 284, 1819–1821 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1997 (1)

J. S. Foresi, P. R. Villeneuve, J. Ferrera, E. R. Thoen, G. Steinmevert, S. Fan, J. D. Joannopoulos, L. C. Kimerling, H. I. Smith, and E. P. Ippen, “Photonic-bandgap microcavities in optical waveguides,” Nature 390, 143–145 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

G. Bjork and Y. Yamamoto, “Analysis of semiconductor microcavity lasers using rate equations,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 2386–2396 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Ahn, B. -H.

Altug, H.

H. Altug, D. Englund, and J. Vukovic, “Ultrafast photonic crystal nanocavity laser,” Nat. Phys. 2, 484–488 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Asano, T.

Y. Tanaka, T. Asano, R. Hatsuna, and S. Noda, “Investigation of point-defect cavity formed in two-dimensional photonic crystal slab with one-sided dielectric cladding,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 011112 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Baba, T.

Baets, R.

J. Van Campenhout, P. Rojo Romeo, P. Regreny, C. Seassal, D. Van Thourhout, S. Verstuyft, L. Di Cioccio, J.-M. Fedeli, C. Lagahe, and R. Baets, “Electrically pumped InP-based microdisk lasers integrated with a nanophotonic silicon-on-insulator waveguide circuit,” Opt. Express 15, 6744–6749 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Vecchi, F. Raineri, I. Sagnes, K.-H. Lee, S. Guilet, L. Le Gratiet, F. Van Laere, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, J. A. Levenson, and R. Raj, “Photonic-crystal surface emitting laser near 1.55 micron on gold-coated silicon wafer,” Electron. Lett. 43, 39–40 (2007).
[CrossRef]

G. Roelkens, J. Brouckaert, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, R. Notzel, and M. Smith, “Adhesive bonding of an InP/InGaAsP dies to processed silicon-on-insulator wafers,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 153, G1015–G1019 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Beaudoin, G.

T. J. Karle, Y. Halioua, F. Raineri, P. Monnier, R. Braive, L. Le Gratiet, G. Beaudoin, I. Sagnes, G. Roelkens, F. Van Laere, D. Van Thourout, and R. Raj, “Heterogeneous integration and precise alignment of InP-based photonic crystal lasers to complementary metal-oxide semiconductor fabricated silicon-on-insulator wire waveguides,” J. Appl. Phys. 107, 063103 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. Vecchi, F. Raineri, I. Sagnes, A. Yacomotti, P. Monnier, T. J. Karle, K.-H. Lee, R. Braive, L. Le Gratiet, S. Guilet, G. Beaudoin, A. Talneau, S. Bouchoule, J. A. Levenson, and R. Raj, “Continuous-wave operation of photonic band-edge laser near 1.55 μm on silicon wafer,” Opt. Express 15, 7551–7556 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Beveratos, A.

Bjork, G.

G. Bjork and Y. Yamamoto, “Analysis of semiconductor microcavity lasers using rate equations,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 2386–2396 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Bouchoule, S.

Bowers, J. E.

A. W. Fang, H. Park, Y. Kuo, R. Jones, O. Cohen, D. Liang, O. Raday, M. N. Sysak, M. J. Paniccia, and J. E. Bowers, “Hybrid evanescent silicon devices,” Mater. Today 10, 28–35 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Braive, R.

T. J. Karle, Y. Halioua, F. Raineri, P. Monnier, R. Braive, L. Le Gratiet, G. Beaudoin, I. Sagnes, G. Roelkens, F. Van Laere, D. Van Thourout, and R. Raj, “Heterogeneous integration and precise alignment of InP-based photonic crystal lasers to complementary metal-oxide semiconductor fabricated silicon-on-insulator wire waveguides,” J. Appl. Phys. 107, 063103 (2010).
[CrossRef]

F. Raineri, A. Yacomotti, T. J. Karle, R. Hostein, R. Braive, A. Beveratos, I. Sagnes, and R. Raj, “Dynamics of band-edge photonic crystal lasers,” Opt. Express 17, 3165–3172 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Vecchi, F. Raineri, I. Sagnes, A. Yacomotti, P. Monnier, T. J. Karle, K.-H. Lee, R. Braive, L. Le Gratiet, S. Guilet, G. Beaudoin, A. Talneau, S. Bouchoule, J. A. Levenson, and R. Raj, “Continuous-wave operation of photonic band-edge laser near 1.55 μm on silicon wafer,” Opt. Express 15, 7551–7556 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brouckaert, J.

G. Roelkens, J. Brouckaert, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, R. Notzel, and M. Smith, “Adhesive bonding of an InP/InGaAsP dies to processed silicon-on-insulator wafers,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 153, G1015–G1019 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Charvolin, T.

P. Velha, J. C. Rodier, P. Lalanne, J. P. Hugonin, E. Picard, T. Charvolin, and E. Hadji, “Ultra-high-reflectivity photonic-bandgap mirrors in a ridge SOI waveguide,” New J. Phys. 8, 204 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chen, L.

J. T. Robinson, C. Manolatou, L. Chen, and M. Lipson, “Ultrasmall mode volumes in dielectric optical microcavities,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 143901 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cohen, O.

A. W. Fang, H. Park, Y. Kuo, R. Jones, O. Cohen, D. Liang, O. Raday, M. N. Sysak, M. J. Paniccia, and J. E. Bowers, “Hybrid evanescent silicon devices,” Mater. Today 10, 28–35 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Dapkus, P. D.

O. Painter, R. K. Lee, A. Yariv, A. Scherer, J. D. O’Brien, P. D. Dapkus, and I. Kim, “Two-dimensional photonic band-gap defect mode laser,” Science 284, 1819–1821 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

De La Rue, R. M.

Deotare, P.

Y. Zhang, M. Khan, Y. Huang, J.-H. Ryou, P. Deotare, R. Dupuis, and M. Lončar, “Photonic crystal nanobeam lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 051104 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Deotare, P. B.

P. B. Deotare, M. W. McCutcheon, I. W. Frank, M. Khan, and M. Lončar, “High quality factor photonic crystal nanobeam cavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 121106 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Di Cioccio, L.

Dupuis, R.

Y. Zhang, M. Khan, Y. Huang, J.-H. Ryou, P. Deotare, R. Dupuis, and M. Lončar, “Photonic crystal nanobeam lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 051104 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ellis, B.

Englund, D.

H. Altug, D. Englund, and J. Vukovic, “Ultrafast photonic crystal nanocavity laser,” Nat. Phys. 2, 484–488 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Fan, S.

J. S. Foresi, P. R. Villeneuve, J. Ferrera, E. R. Thoen, G. Steinmevert, S. Fan, J. D. Joannopoulos, L. C. Kimerling, H. I. Smith, and E. P. Ippen, “Photonic-bandgap microcavities in optical waveguides,” Nature 390, 143–145 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Fang, A. W.

A. W. Fang, H. Park, Y. Kuo, R. Jones, O. Cohen, D. Liang, O. Raday, M. N. Sysak, M. J. Paniccia, and J. E. Bowers, “Hybrid evanescent silicon devices,” Mater. Today 10, 28–35 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Fedeli, J. -M.

Ferrera, J.

J. S. Foresi, P. R. Villeneuve, J. Ferrera, E. R. Thoen, G. Steinmevert, S. Fan, J. D. Joannopoulos, L. C. Kimerling, H. I. Smith, and E. P. Ippen, “Photonic-bandgap microcavities in optical waveguides,” Nature 390, 143–145 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Foresi, J. S.

J. S. Foresi, P. R. Villeneuve, J. Ferrera, E. R. Thoen, G. Steinmevert, S. Fan, J. D. Joannopoulos, L. C. Kimerling, H. I. Smith, and E. P. Ippen, “Photonic-bandgap microcavities in optical waveguides,” Nature 390, 143–145 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Frank, I. W.

P. B. Deotare, M. W. McCutcheon, I. W. Frank, M. Khan, and M. Lončar, “High quality factor photonic crystal nanobeam cavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 121106 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Gong, Y.

Guilet, S.

K.-H. Lee, S. Guilet, G. Patriarche, I. Sagnes, and A. Talneau, “Smooth sidewall in InP-based photonic crystal membrane etched by N2-based inductive coupled plasma,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 26, 1326–1333 (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. Vecchi, F. Raineri, I. Sagnes, A. Yacomotti, P. Monnier, T. J. Karle, K.-H. Lee, R. Braive, L. Le Gratiet, S. Guilet, G. Beaudoin, A. Talneau, S. Bouchoule, J. A. Levenson, and R. Raj, “Continuous-wave operation of photonic band-edge laser near 1.55 μm on silicon wafer,” Opt. Express 15, 7551–7556 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Vecchi, F. Raineri, I. Sagnes, K.-H. Lee, S. Guilet, L. Le Gratiet, F. Van Laere, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, J. A. Levenson, and R. Raj, “Photonic-crystal surface emitting laser near 1.55 micron on gold-coated silicon wafer,” Electron. Lett. 43, 39–40 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hadji, E.

P. Velha, J. C. Rodier, P. Lalanne, J. P. Hugonin, E. Picard, T. Charvolin, and E. Hadji, “Ultra-high-reflectivity photonic-bandgap mirrors in a ridge SOI waveguide,” New J. Phys. 8, 204 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Halioua, Y.

T. J. Karle, Y. Halioua, F. Raineri, P. Monnier, R. Braive, L. Le Gratiet, G. Beaudoin, I. Sagnes, G. Roelkens, F. Van Laere, D. Van Thourout, and R. Raj, “Heterogeneous integration and precise alignment of InP-based photonic crystal lasers to complementary metal-oxide semiconductor fabricated silicon-on-insulator wire waveguides,” J. Appl. Phys. 107, 063103 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Halioua, T. J. Karle, F. Raineri, P. Monnier, I. Sagnes, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Raj, “Hybrid InP-based photonic crystal lasers on silicon on insulator wires,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 201119 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Harris, J. S.

Hatsuna, R.

Y. Tanaka, T. Asano, R. Hatsuna, and S. Noda, “Investigation of point-defect cavity formed in two-dimensional photonic crystal slab with one-sided dielectric cladding,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 011112 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hostein, R.

Huang, Y.

Y. Zhang, M. Khan, Y. Huang, J.-H. Ryou, P. Deotare, R. Dupuis, and M. Lončar, “Photonic crystal nanobeam lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 051104 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hugonin, J. P.

P. Velha, J. C. Rodier, P. Lalanne, J. P. Hugonin, E. Picard, T. Charvolin, and E. Hadji, “Ultra-high-reflectivity photonic-bandgap mirrors in a ridge SOI waveguide,” New J. Phys. 8, 204 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ippen, E. P.

J. S. Foresi, P. R. Villeneuve, J. Ferrera, E. R. Thoen, G. Steinmevert, S. Fan, J. D. Joannopoulos, L. C. Kimerling, H. I. Smith, and E. P. Ippen, “Photonic-bandgap microcavities in optical waveguides,” Nature 390, 143–145 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Joannopoulos, J. D.

J. S. Foresi, P. R. Villeneuve, J. Ferrera, E. R. Thoen, G. Steinmevert, S. Fan, J. D. Joannopoulos, L. C. Kimerling, H. I. Smith, and E. P. Ippen, “Photonic-bandgap microcavities in optical waveguides,” Nature 390, 143–145 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, N. P.

Jones, R.

A. W. Fang, H. Park, Y. Kuo, R. Jones, O. Cohen, D. Liang, O. Raday, M. N. Sysak, M. J. Paniccia, and J. E. Bowers, “Hybrid evanescent silicon devices,” Mater. Today 10, 28–35 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kang, J. -H.

Kapon, E.

E. Kapon, Semiconductor Lasers (Academic, 1999).

Karle, T. J.

T. J. Karle, Y. Halioua, F. Raineri, P. Monnier, R. Braive, L. Le Gratiet, G. Beaudoin, I. Sagnes, G. Roelkens, F. Van Laere, D. Van Thourout, and R. Raj, “Heterogeneous integration and precise alignment of InP-based photonic crystal lasers to complementary metal-oxide semiconductor fabricated silicon-on-insulator wire waveguides,” J. Appl. Phys. 107, 063103 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Halioua, T. J. Karle, F. Raineri, P. Monnier, I. Sagnes, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Raj, “Hybrid InP-based photonic crystal lasers on silicon on insulator wires,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 201119 (2009).
[CrossRef]

F. Raineri, A. Yacomotti, T. J. Karle, R. Hostein, R. Braive, A. Beveratos, I. Sagnes, and R. Raj, “Dynamics of band-edge photonic crystal lasers,” Opt. Express 17, 3165–3172 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Vecchi, F. Raineri, I. Sagnes, A. Yacomotti, P. Monnier, T. J. Karle, K.-H. Lee, R. Braive, L. Le Gratiet, S. Guilet, G. Beaudoin, A. Talneau, S. Bouchoule, J. A. Levenson, and R. Raj, “Continuous-wave operation of photonic band-edge laser near 1.55 μm on silicon wafer,” Opt. Express 15, 7551–7556 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Khan, M.

Y. Zhang, M. Khan, Y. Huang, J.-H. Ryou, P. Deotare, R. Dupuis, and M. Lončar, “Photonic crystal nanobeam lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 051104 (2010).
[CrossRef]

P. B. Deotare, M. W. McCutcheon, I. W. Frank, M. Khan, and M. Lončar, “High quality factor photonic crystal nanobeam cavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 121106 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kim, I.

O. Painter, R. K. Lee, A. Yariv, A. Scherer, J. D. O’Brien, P. D. Dapkus, and I. Kim, “Two-dimensional photonic band-gap defect mode laser,” Science 284, 1819–1821 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kim, K. -S.

Kim, M. -K.

Kimerling, L. C.

J. S. Foresi, P. R. Villeneuve, J. Ferrera, E. R. Thoen, G. Steinmevert, S. Fan, J. D. Joannopoulos, L. C. Kimerling, H. I. Smith, and E. P. Ippen, “Photonic-bandgap microcavities in optical waveguides,” Nature 390, 143–145 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kita, S.

Kuo, Y.

A. W. Fang, H. Park, Y. Kuo, R. Jones, O. Cohen, D. Liang, O. Raday, M. N. Sysak, M. J. Paniccia, and J. E. Bowers, “Hybrid evanescent silicon devices,” Mater. Today 10, 28–35 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kuramochi, E.

Lagahe, C.

Lalanne, P.

P. Velha, J. C. Rodier, P. Lalanne, J. P. Hugonin, E. Picard, T. Charvolin, and E. Hadji, “Ultra-high-reflectivity photonic-bandgap mirrors in a ridge SOI waveguide,” New J. Phys. 8, 204 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Le Gratiet, L.

T. J. Karle, Y. Halioua, F. Raineri, P. Monnier, R. Braive, L. Le Gratiet, G. Beaudoin, I. Sagnes, G. Roelkens, F. Van Laere, D. Van Thourout, and R. Raj, “Heterogeneous integration and precise alignment of InP-based photonic crystal lasers to complementary metal-oxide semiconductor fabricated silicon-on-insulator wire waveguides,” J. Appl. Phys. 107, 063103 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. Vecchi, F. Raineri, I. Sagnes, K.-H. Lee, S. Guilet, L. Le Gratiet, F. Van Laere, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, J. A. Levenson, and R. Raj, “Photonic-crystal surface emitting laser near 1.55 micron on gold-coated silicon wafer,” Electron. Lett. 43, 39–40 (2007).
[CrossRef]

G. Vecchi, F. Raineri, I. Sagnes, A. Yacomotti, P. Monnier, T. J. Karle, K.-H. Lee, R. Braive, L. Le Gratiet, S. Guilet, G. Beaudoin, A. Talneau, S. Bouchoule, J. A. Levenson, and R. Raj, “Continuous-wave operation of photonic band-edge laser near 1.55 μm on silicon wafer,” Opt. Express 15, 7551–7556 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lee, K. -H.

K.-H. Lee, S. Guilet, G. Patriarche, I. Sagnes, and A. Talneau, “Smooth sidewall in InP-based photonic crystal membrane etched by N2-based inductive coupled plasma,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 26, 1326–1333 (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. Vecchi, F. Raineri, I. Sagnes, A. Yacomotti, P. Monnier, T. J. Karle, K.-H. Lee, R. Braive, L. Le Gratiet, S. Guilet, G. Beaudoin, A. Talneau, S. Bouchoule, J. A. Levenson, and R. Raj, “Continuous-wave operation of photonic band-edge laser near 1.55 μm on silicon wafer,” Opt. Express 15, 7551–7556 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Vecchi, F. Raineri, I. Sagnes, K.-H. Lee, S. Guilet, L. Le Gratiet, F. Van Laere, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, J. A. Levenson, and R. Raj, “Photonic-crystal surface emitting laser near 1.55 micron on gold-coated silicon wafer,” Electron. Lett. 43, 39–40 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lee, R. K.

O. Painter, R. K. Lee, A. Yariv, A. Scherer, J. D. O’Brien, P. D. Dapkus, and I. Kim, “Two-dimensional photonic band-gap defect mode laser,” Science 284, 1819–1821 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lee, Y. -H.

Letartre, X.

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Regreny, P. Rojo-Romeo, and P. Viktorovitch, “InP 2D photonic crystal microlasers on silicon wafer: room temperature operation at 1.55 μm,” Electron. Lett. 37, 764–766 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Levenson, J. A.

G. Vecchi, F. Raineri, I. Sagnes, K.-H. Lee, S. Guilet, L. Le Gratiet, F. Van Laere, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, J. A. Levenson, and R. Raj, “Photonic-crystal surface emitting laser near 1.55 micron on gold-coated silicon wafer,” Electron. Lett. 43, 39–40 (2007).
[CrossRef]

G. Vecchi, F. Raineri, I. Sagnes, A. Yacomotti, P. Monnier, T. J. Karle, K.-H. Lee, R. Braive, L. Le Gratiet, S. Guilet, G. Beaudoin, A. Talneau, S. Bouchoule, J. A. Levenson, and R. Raj, “Continuous-wave operation of photonic band-edge laser near 1.55 μm on silicon wafer,” Opt. Express 15, 7551–7556 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liang, D.

A. W. Fang, H. Park, Y. Kuo, R. Jones, O. Cohen, D. Liang, O. Raday, M. N. Sysak, M. J. Paniccia, and J. E. Bowers, “Hybrid evanescent silicon devices,” Mater. Today 10, 28–35 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lipson, M.

J. T. Robinson, C. Manolatou, L. Chen, and M. Lipson, “Ultrasmall mode volumes in dielectric optical microcavities,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 143901 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Loncar, M.

Y. Zhang, M. Khan, Y. Huang, J.-H. Ryou, P. Deotare, R. Dupuis, and M. Lončar, “Photonic crystal nanobeam lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 051104 (2010).
[CrossRef]

P. B. Deotare, M. W. McCutcheon, I. W. Frank, M. Khan, and M. Lončar, “High quality factor photonic crystal nanobeam cavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 121106 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Manolatou, C.

J. T. Robinson, C. Manolatou, L. Chen, and M. Lipson, “Ultrasmall mode volumes in dielectric optical microcavities,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 143901 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

McCutcheon, M. W.

P. B. Deotare, M. W. McCutcheon, I. W. Frank, M. Khan, and M. Lončar, “High quality factor photonic crystal nanobeam cavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 121106 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Min, B.

Monat, C.

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Regreny, P. Rojo-Romeo, and P. Viktorovitch, “InP 2D photonic crystal microlasers on silicon wafer: room temperature operation at 1.55 μm,” Electron. Lett. 37, 764–766 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Monnier, P.

T. J. Karle, Y. Halioua, F. Raineri, P. Monnier, R. Braive, L. Le Gratiet, G. Beaudoin, I. Sagnes, G. Roelkens, F. Van Laere, D. Van Thourout, and R. Raj, “Heterogeneous integration and precise alignment of InP-based photonic crystal lasers to complementary metal-oxide semiconductor fabricated silicon-on-insulator wire waveguides,” J. Appl. Phys. 107, 063103 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Halioua, T. J. Karle, F. Raineri, P. Monnier, I. Sagnes, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Raj, “Hybrid InP-based photonic crystal lasers on silicon on insulator wires,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 201119 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. Vecchi, F. Raineri, I. Sagnes, A. Yacomotti, P. Monnier, T. J. Karle, K.-H. Lee, R. Braive, L. Le Gratiet, S. Guilet, G. Beaudoin, A. Talneau, S. Bouchoule, J. A. Levenson, and R. Raj, “Continuous-wave operation of photonic band-edge laser near 1.55 μm on silicon wafer,” Opt. Express 15, 7551–7556 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Noda, S.

Y. Tanaka, T. Asano, R. Hatsuna, and S. Noda, “Investigation of point-defect cavity formed in two-dimensional photonic crystal slab with one-sided dielectric cladding,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 011112 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Notomi, M.

Notzel, R.

G. Roelkens, J. Brouckaert, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, R. Notzel, and M. Smith, “Adhesive bonding of an InP/InGaAsP dies to processed silicon-on-insulator wafers,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 153, G1015–G1019 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nozaki, K.

O’Brien, J. D.

O. Painter, R. K. Lee, A. Yariv, A. Scherer, J. D. O’Brien, P. D. Dapkus, and I. Kim, “Two-dimensional photonic band-gap defect mode laser,” Science 284, 1819–1821 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Painter, O.

O. Painter, R. K. Lee, A. Yariv, A. Scherer, J. D. O’Brien, P. D. Dapkus, and I. Kim, “Two-dimensional photonic band-gap defect mode laser,” Science 284, 1819–1821 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Paniccia, M. J.

A. W. Fang, H. Park, Y. Kuo, R. Jones, O. Cohen, D. Liang, O. Raday, M. N. Sysak, M. J. Paniccia, and J. E. Bowers, “Hybrid evanescent silicon devices,” Mater. Today 10, 28–35 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Park, H.

A. W. Fang, H. Park, Y. Kuo, R. Jones, O. Cohen, D. Liang, O. Raday, M. N. Sysak, M. J. Paniccia, and J. E. Bowers, “Hybrid evanescent silicon devices,” Mater. Today 10, 28–35 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Patriarche, G.

K.-H. Lee, S. Guilet, G. Patriarche, I. Sagnes, and A. Talneau, “Smooth sidewall in InP-based photonic crystal membrane etched by N2-based inductive coupled plasma,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 26, 1326–1333 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Picard, E.

P. Velha, J. C. Rodier, P. Lalanne, J. P. Hugonin, E. Picard, T. Charvolin, and E. Hadji, “Ultra-high-reflectivity photonic-bandgap mirrors in a ridge SOI waveguide,” New J. Phys. 8, 204 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Raday, O.

A. W. Fang, H. Park, Y. Kuo, R. Jones, O. Cohen, D. Liang, O. Raday, M. N. Sysak, M. J. Paniccia, and J. E. Bowers, “Hybrid evanescent silicon devices,” Mater. Today 10, 28–35 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Raineri, F.

T. J. Karle, Y. Halioua, F. Raineri, P. Monnier, R. Braive, L. Le Gratiet, G. Beaudoin, I. Sagnes, G. Roelkens, F. Van Laere, D. Van Thourout, and R. Raj, “Heterogeneous integration and precise alignment of InP-based photonic crystal lasers to complementary metal-oxide semiconductor fabricated silicon-on-insulator wire waveguides,” J. Appl. Phys. 107, 063103 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Halioua, T. J. Karle, F. Raineri, P. Monnier, I. Sagnes, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Raj, “Hybrid InP-based photonic crystal lasers on silicon on insulator wires,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 201119 (2009).
[CrossRef]

F. Raineri, A. Yacomotti, T. J. Karle, R. Hostein, R. Braive, A. Beveratos, I. Sagnes, and R. Raj, “Dynamics of band-edge photonic crystal lasers,” Opt. Express 17, 3165–3172 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Vecchi, F. Raineri, I. Sagnes, K.-H. Lee, S. Guilet, L. Le Gratiet, F. Van Laere, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, J. A. Levenson, and R. Raj, “Photonic-crystal surface emitting laser near 1.55 micron on gold-coated silicon wafer,” Electron. Lett. 43, 39–40 (2007).
[CrossRef]

G. Vecchi, F. Raineri, I. Sagnes, A. Yacomotti, P. Monnier, T. J. Karle, K.-H. Lee, R. Braive, L. Le Gratiet, S. Guilet, G. Beaudoin, A. Talneau, S. Bouchoule, J. A. Levenson, and R. Raj, “Continuous-wave operation of photonic band-edge laser near 1.55 μm on silicon wafer,” Opt. Express 15, 7551–7556 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Raj, R.

T. J. Karle, Y. Halioua, F. Raineri, P. Monnier, R. Braive, L. Le Gratiet, G. Beaudoin, I. Sagnes, G. Roelkens, F. Van Laere, D. Van Thourout, and R. Raj, “Heterogeneous integration and precise alignment of InP-based photonic crystal lasers to complementary metal-oxide semiconductor fabricated silicon-on-insulator wire waveguides,” J. Appl. Phys. 107, 063103 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Halioua, T. J. Karle, F. Raineri, P. Monnier, I. Sagnes, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Raj, “Hybrid InP-based photonic crystal lasers on silicon on insulator wires,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 201119 (2009).
[CrossRef]

F. Raineri, A. Yacomotti, T. J. Karle, R. Hostein, R. Braive, A. Beveratos, I. Sagnes, and R. Raj, “Dynamics of band-edge photonic crystal lasers,” Opt. Express 17, 3165–3172 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Vecchi, F. Raineri, I. Sagnes, K.-H. Lee, S. Guilet, L. Le Gratiet, F. Van Laere, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, J. A. Levenson, and R. Raj, “Photonic-crystal surface emitting laser near 1.55 micron on gold-coated silicon wafer,” Electron. Lett. 43, 39–40 (2007).
[CrossRef]

G. Vecchi, F. Raineri, I. Sagnes, A. Yacomotti, P. Monnier, T. J. Karle, K.-H. Lee, R. Braive, L. Le Gratiet, S. Guilet, G. Beaudoin, A. Talneau, S. Bouchoule, J. A. Levenson, and R. Raj, “Continuous-wave operation of photonic band-edge laser near 1.55 μm on silicon wafer,” Opt. Express 15, 7551–7556 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Regreny, P.

J. Van Campenhout, P. Rojo Romeo, P. Regreny, C. Seassal, D. Van Thourhout, S. Verstuyft, L. Di Cioccio, J.-M. Fedeli, C. Lagahe, and R. Baets, “Electrically pumped InP-based microdisk lasers integrated with a nanophotonic silicon-on-insulator waveguide circuit,” Opt. Express 15, 6744–6749 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Regreny, P. Rojo-Romeo, and P. Viktorovitch, “InP 2D photonic crystal microlasers on silicon wafer: room temperature operation at 1.55 μm,” Electron. Lett. 37, 764–766 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Robinson, J. T.

J. T. Robinson, C. Manolatou, L. Chen, and M. Lipson, “Ultrasmall mode volumes in dielectric optical microcavities,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 143901 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rodier, J. C.

P. Velha, J. C. Rodier, P. Lalanne, J. P. Hugonin, E. Picard, T. Charvolin, and E. Hadji, “Ultra-high-reflectivity photonic-bandgap mirrors in a ridge SOI waveguide,” New J. Phys. 8, 204 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Roelkens, G.

T. J. Karle, Y. Halioua, F. Raineri, P. Monnier, R. Braive, L. Le Gratiet, G. Beaudoin, I. Sagnes, G. Roelkens, F. Van Laere, D. Van Thourout, and R. Raj, “Heterogeneous integration and precise alignment of InP-based photonic crystal lasers to complementary metal-oxide semiconductor fabricated silicon-on-insulator wire waveguides,” J. Appl. Phys. 107, 063103 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Halioua, T. J. Karle, F. Raineri, P. Monnier, I. Sagnes, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Raj, “Hybrid InP-based photonic crystal lasers on silicon on insulator wires,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 201119 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. Vecchi, F. Raineri, I. Sagnes, K.-H. Lee, S. Guilet, L. Le Gratiet, F. Van Laere, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, J. A. Levenson, and R. Raj, “Photonic-crystal surface emitting laser near 1.55 micron on gold-coated silicon wafer,” Electron. Lett. 43, 39–40 (2007).
[CrossRef]

G. Roelkens, J. Brouckaert, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, R. Notzel, and M. Smith, “Adhesive bonding of an InP/InGaAsP dies to processed silicon-on-insulator wafers,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 153, G1015–G1019 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Rojo Romeo, P.

Rojo-Romeo, P.

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Regreny, P. Rojo-Romeo, and P. Viktorovitch, “InP 2D photonic crystal microlasers on silicon wafer: room temperature operation at 1.55 μm,” Electron. Lett. 37, 764–766 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ryou, J. -H.

Y. Zhang, M. Khan, Y. Huang, J.-H. Ryou, P. Deotare, R. Dupuis, and M. Lončar, “Photonic crystal nanobeam lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 051104 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sagnes, I.

T. J. Karle, Y. Halioua, F. Raineri, P. Monnier, R. Braive, L. Le Gratiet, G. Beaudoin, I. Sagnes, G. Roelkens, F. Van Laere, D. Van Thourout, and R. Raj, “Heterogeneous integration and precise alignment of InP-based photonic crystal lasers to complementary metal-oxide semiconductor fabricated silicon-on-insulator wire waveguides,” J. Appl. Phys. 107, 063103 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Halioua, T. J. Karle, F. Raineri, P. Monnier, I. Sagnes, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Raj, “Hybrid InP-based photonic crystal lasers on silicon on insulator wires,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 201119 (2009).
[CrossRef]

F. Raineri, A. Yacomotti, T. J. Karle, R. Hostein, R. Braive, A. Beveratos, I. Sagnes, and R. Raj, “Dynamics of band-edge photonic crystal lasers,” Opt. Express 17, 3165–3172 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K.-H. Lee, S. Guilet, G. Patriarche, I. Sagnes, and A. Talneau, “Smooth sidewall in InP-based photonic crystal membrane etched by N2-based inductive coupled plasma,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 26, 1326–1333 (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. Vecchi, F. Raineri, I. Sagnes, A. Yacomotti, P. Monnier, T. J. Karle, K.-H. Lee, R. Braive, L. Le Gratiet, S. Guilet, G. Beaudoin, A. Talneau, S. Bouchoule, J. A. Levenson, and R. Raj, “Continuous-wave operation of photonic band-edge laser near 1.55 μm on silicon wafer,” Opt. Express 15, 7551–7556 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Vecchi, F. Raineri, I. Sagnes, K.-H. Lee, S. Guilet, L. Le Gratiet, F. Van Laere, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, J. A. Levenson, and R. Raj, “Photonic-crystal surface emitting laser near 1.55 micron on gold-coated silicon wafer,” Electron. Lett. 43, 39–40 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sarmiento, T.

Scherer, A.

O. Painter, R. K. Lee, A. Yariv, A. Scherer, J. D. O’Brien, P. D. Dapkus, and I. Kim, “Two-dimensional photonic band-gap defect mode laser,” Science 284, 1819–1821 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Seassal, C.

J. Van Campenhout, P. Rojo Romeo, P. Regreny, C. Seassal, D. Van Thourhout, S. Verstuyft, L. Di Cioccio, J.-M. Fedeli, C. Lagahe, and R. Baets, “Electrically pumped InP-based microdisk lasers integrated with a nanophotonic silicon-on-insulator waveguide circuit,” Opt. Express 15, 6744–6749 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Regreny, P. Rojo-Romeo, and P. Viktorovitch, “InP 2D photonic crystal microlasers on silicon wafer: room temperature operation at 1.55 μm,” Electron. Lett. 37, 764–766 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Shambat, G.

Smith, H. I.

J. S. Foresi, P. R. Villeneuve, J. Ferrera, E. R. Thoen, G. Steinmevert, S. Fan, J. D. Joannopoulos, L. C. Kimerling, H. I. Smith, and E. P. Ippen, “Photonic-bandgap microcavities in optical waveguides,” Nature 390, 143–145 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Smith, M.

G. Roelkens, J. Brouckaert, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, R. Notzel, and M. Smith, “Adhesive bonding of an InP/InGaAsP dies to processed silicon-on-insulator wafers,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 153, G1015–G1019 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Song, J. -H.

Sorel, M.

Steinmevert, G.

J. S. Foresi, P. R. Villeneuve, J. Ferrera, E. R. Thoen, G. Steinmevert, S. Fan, J. D. Joannopoulos, L. C. Kimerling, H. I. Smith, and E. P. Ippen, “Photonic-bandgap microcavities in optical waveguides,” Nature 390, 143–145 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Sysak, M. N.

A. W. Fang, H. Park, Y. Kuo, R. Jones, O. Cohen, D. Liang, O. Raday, M. N. Sysak, M. J. Paniccia, and J. E. Bowers, “Hybrid evanescent silicon devices,” Mater. Today 10, 28–35 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Talneau, A.

Tanaka, Y.

Y. Tanaka, T. Asano, R. Hatsuna, and S. Noda, “Investigation of point-defect cavity formed in two-dimensional photonic crystal slab with one-sided dielectric cladding,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 011112 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Taniyama, H.

Thoen, E. R.

J. S. Foresi, P. R. Villeneuve, J. Ferrera, E. R. Thoen, G. Steinmevert, S. Fan, J. D. Joannopoulos, L. C. Kimerling, H. I. Smith, and E. P. Ippen, “Photonic-bandgap microcavities in optical waveguides,” Nature 390, 143–145 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Van Campenhout, J.

Van Laere, F.

T. J. Karle, Y. Halioua, F. Raineri, P. Monnier, R. Braive, L. Le Gratiet, G. Beaudoin, I. Sagnes, G. Roelkens, F. Van Laere, D. Van Thourout, and R. Raj, “Heterogeneous integration and precise alignment of InP-based photonic crystal lasers to complementary metal-oxide semiconductor fabricated silicon-on-insulator wire waveguides,” J. Appl. Phys. 107, 063103 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. Vecchi, F. Raineri, I. Sagnes, K.-H. Lee, S. Guilet, L. Le Gratiet, F. Van Laere, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, J. A. Levenson, and R. Raj, “Photonic-crystal surface emitting laser near 1.55 micron on gold-coated silicon wafer,” Electron. Lett. 43, 39–40 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Van Thourhout, D.

Y. Halioua, T. J. Karle, F. Raineri, P. Monnier, I. Sagnes, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Raj, “Hybrid InP-based photonic crystal lasers on silicon on insulator wires,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 201119 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. Vecchi, F. Raineri, I. Sagnes, K.-H. Lee, S. Guilet, L. Le Gratiet, F. Van Laere, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, J. A. Levenson, and R. Raj, “Photonic-crystal surface emitting laser near 1.55 micron on gold-coated silicon wafer,” Electron. Lett. 43, 39–40 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Van Campenhout, P. Rojo Romeo, P. Regreny, C. Seassal, D. Van Thourhout, S. Verstuyft, L. Di Cioccio, J.-M. Fedeli, C. Lagahe, and R. Baets, “Electrically pumped InP-based microdisk lasers integrated with a nanophotonic silicon-on-insulator waveguide circuit,” Opt. Express 15, 6744–6749 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Roelkens, J. Brouckaert, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, R. Notzel, and M. Smith, “Adhesive bonding of an InP/InGaAsP dies to processed silicon-on-insulator wafers,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 153, G1015–G1019 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Van Thourout, D.

T. J. Karle, Y. Halioua, F. Raineri, P. Monnier, R. Braive, L. Le Gratiet, G. Beaudoin, I. Sagnes, G. Roelkens, F. Van Laere, D. Van Thourout, and R. Raj, “Heterogeneous integration and precise alignment of InP-based photonic crystal lasers to complementary metal-oxide semiconductor fabricated silicon-on-insulator wire waveguides,” J. Appl. Phys. 107, 063103 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Vecchi, G.

G. Vecchi, F. Raineri, I. Sagnes, K.-H. Lee, S. Guilet, L. Le Gratiet, F. Van Laere, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, J. A. Levenson, and R. Raj, “Photonic-crystal surface emitting laser near 1.55 micron on gold-coated silicon wafer,” Electron. Lett. 43, 39–40 (2007).
[CrossRef]

G. Vecchi, F. Raineri, I. Sagnes, A. Yacomotti, P. Monnier, T. J. Karle, K.-H. Lee, R. Braive, L. Le Gratiet, S. Guilet, G. Beaudoin, A. Talneau, S. Bouchoule, J. A. Levenson, and R. Raj, “Continuous-wave operation of photonic band-edge laser near 1.55 μm on silicon wafer,” Opt. Express 15, 7551–7556 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Velha, P.

P. Velha, J. C. Rodier, P. Lalanne, J. P. Hugonin, E. Picard, T. Charvolin, and E. Hadji, “Ultra-high-reflectivity photonic-bandgap mirrors in a ridge SOI waveguide,” New J. Phys. 8, 204 (2006).
[CrossRef]

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T. J. Karle, Y. Halioua, F. Raineri, P. Monnier, R. Braive, L. Le Gratiet, G. Beaudoin, I. Sagnes, G. Roelkens, F. Van Laere, D. Van Thourout, and R. Raj, “Heterogeneous integration and precise alignment of InP-based photonic crystal lasers to complementary metal-oxide semiconductor fabricated silicon-on-insulator wire waveguides,” J. Appl. Phys. 107, 063103 (2010).
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Nat. Phys. (1)

H. Altug, D. Englund, and J. Vukovic, “Ultrafast photonic crystal nanocavity laser,” Nat. Phys. 2, 484–488 (2006).
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Nature (1)

J. S. Foresi, P. R. Villeneuve, J. Ferrera, E. R. Thoen, G. Steinmevert, S. Fan, J. D. Joannopoulos, L. C. Kimerling, H. I. Smith, and E. P. Ippen, “Photonic-bandgap microcavities in optical waveguides,” Nature 390, 143–145 (1997).
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New J. Phys. (1)

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Science (1)

O. Painter, R. K. Lee, A. Yariv, A. Scherer, J. D. O’Brien, P. D. Dapkus, and I. Kim, “Two-dimensional photonic band-gap defect mode laser,” Science 284, 1819–1821 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (2)

We use FDTD Solutions by Lumerical http://www.lumerical.com.

E. Kapon, Semiconductor Lasers (Academic, 1999).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) E y field for the second order symmetric mode. (b) SEM image of the sample. The thick dotted line denotes the symmetry axis ( σ x ) taken for the cavity mode. (c) Schematic of the vertical heterostructure.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Resonance wavelength plotted against cavity length. 3D FDTD simulation results are joined by dashed lines, and the dots show the corresponding experimental measurements. Arrow points to the second order symmetric mode.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Q factor and modal volume extracted from the 3D FDTD simulations as a function of the resonance wavelength. (b) Modal volume and confinement factor as functions of the resonance wavelength.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Measured threshold and corresponding fitted rate equation versus pump power. (b) Spectrum under lasing operation. (c) PL spectrum of the QWs.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Threshold of the studied cavities plotted as a function of the emission wavelength.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Experimental Q factors and modeled Q factors as functions of cavity length.

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