Abstract

The emission behaviors of CdSe/ZnS core-shell quantum dots (QDs) in proximity to the surface of a three-dimensional photonic crystal (PC) are investigated experimentally and theoretically. Results show that the spontaneous emission (SE) of QDs in such a structure presents a damped periodic oscillation with the distance between QDs and the PC surface, and the most significant modification always appears in the short-wavelength region, resulting from the coefficient of surface modes and interference between the direct SE field and the reflected SE field. These display a wide range of novel optical properties for many applications in optoelectronic devices.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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2010 (4)

M. S. Kumar, S. Menabde, S. Yu, and N. Park, “Directional emission from photonic crystal waveguide terminations using particle swarm optimization,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27, 343–349 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Liu, C. Jiang, Y. Lin, and W. Xu, “Slow-light enhancement of stimulated emission of atomic systems in photonic crystals,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27, 442–446 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. Q. Liu, Y. B. Liao, and X. Y. Tao, “Characteristic of spontaneous emission form CdSe/ZnS core-shell quantum dots near the surface of self-assembled three-dimensional photonic crystals,” J. Mod. Opt. (2010), doi: 10.1080/09500341003605403.
[CrossRef]

G. Q. Liu, Z. S. Wang, and Y. H. Ji, “Influence of growth parameters on the fabrication of high-quality colloidal crystals via a controlled evaporation self-assembly method,” Thin Solid Films 518, 5083–5090 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (4)

2008 (2)

S. G. Romanov, M. Bardosova, I. M. Povey, C. M. Sotomayor Torres, M. E. Pemble, N. Gaponik, and A. Eychmüller, “Modification of emission of CdTe nanocrystals by the local field of Langmuir–Blodgett colloidal photonic crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 104, 103118 (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. Q. Liu, Y. B. Liao, Z. M. Liu, and Y. Chen, “Characteristic investigation of high quality three-dimensional photonic crystals fabricated by self-assembly: theory analysis, simulation and measurement,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 10, 115202 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

N. Ganesh, W. Zhang, P. C. Mathias, E. Chow, J. A. N. T. Soares, V. Malyarchuk, A. D. Smith, and B. T. Cunningham, “Enhanced fluorescence emission from quantum dots on a photonic crystal surface,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 2, 515–520 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Foteinopoulou, M. Kafesaki, E. N. Economou, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Backward surface waves at photonic crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 245116 (2007).

2006 (2)

A. I. Rahachou and I. V. Zozoulenko, “Waveguiding properties of surface states in photonic crystals,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23, 1679–1683 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. Pozas, A. Mihi, M. Ocaña, and H. Míguez, “Building nanocrystalline planar defects within self-assembled photonic crystals by spin-coating,” Adv. Mater. 18, 1183–1187 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (3)

2004 (2)

E. Moreno, F. J. García-Vidal, and L. Martín-Moreno, “Enhanced transmission and beaming of light via photonic crystal surface modes,” Phys. Rev. B 69, 121402 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Elson and K. Halterman, “Local density of states analysis of surface wave modes on truncated photonic crystal surfaces with nonlinear material,” Opt. Express 12, 4855–4863 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (2)

Y. Lin, J. Zhang, E. H. Sargent, and E. Kumacheva, “Photonic pseudo-gap-based modification of photoluminescence from CdS nanocrystal satellites around polymer microspheres in a photonic crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3134–3136 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C. Hermann and O. Hess, “Modified spontaneous emission rate in an inverted opal structure with complete photonic bandgap,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 3013–3018 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

X. Zhang, L.-M. Li, Z.-Q. Zhang, and C. T. Chan, “Surface states in two-dimensional metallodielectric photonic crystals studied by a multiple-scattering method,” Phys. Rev. B 63, 125114 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

Y. Xu and A. Yariv, “Modified spontaneous emission from a two-dimensional photonic bandgap crystal slab,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 1438–1442 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Zhou, Y. Zhou, S. Buddhudu, S. L. Ng, Y. L. Lam, and C. H. Kam, “Photoluminescence of ZnS:Mn embedded in three-dimensional photonic crystals of submicron polymer spheres,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 3513–3515 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (2)

F. R. Mendieta and P. Halevi, “Surface electromagnetic waves in two-dimensional photonic crystals: Effect of the position of the surface plane,” Phys. Rev. B 59, 15112–15120 (1999).
[CrossRef]

P. Worthing, R. Amos, and W. Barnes, “Modification of the spontaneous emission rate of Er3+ ions embedded within a dielectric layer above a silver mirror,” Phys. Rev. A 59, 865–872 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (3)

A. Blanco, C. Lopez, R. Mayoral, H. Miguex, F. Meseguer, A. Mifsud, and J. Herrero, “CdS photoluminescence inhibition by a photonic structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1781–1783 (1998).
[CrossRef]

T. Yamasaki and T. Tsutsui, “Spontaneous emission from fluorescent molecules embedded in photonic crystals consisting of polystyrene microspheres,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 1957–1959 (1998).
[CrossRef]

E. P. Petrov, V. N. Bogomolov, I. I. Kalosha, and S. V. Gaponeneko, “Spontaneous emission of organic molecules embedded in a photonic crystal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 77–80 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (2)

V. N. Bogomolov, A. V. Prokofiev, S. M. Samoilovich, E. P. Petrov, A. M. Kapotonov, and S. V. Gaponeneko, “Photonic band gap effect in a solid state cluster lattice,” J. Lumin. 72–74, 391–392 (1997).
[CrossRef]

H. M. Yates, W. R. Flavell, M. E. Pemble, M. P. Johnson, S. G. Romanov, and C. M. Sotomayor Torres, “Novel quantum confined structures via atmospheric pressure MOCVD growth in asbestos and opals,” J. Cryst. Growth 170, 611–615 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

E. Snoeks, A. Langendijk, and A. Polman, “Measuring and modifying the spontaneous emission rate of erbium near an interface,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2459–2462 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1993 (1)

A. Vredenberg, N. Hunt, E. Schubert, D. Jachobson, J. Poate, and G. Zydzik, “Controlled atomic spontaneous emission from Er3+ in a transparent Si/SiO2 microcavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 517–520 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1991 (1)

R. D. Meade, K. D. Brommer, A. M. Rappe, and J. D. Joannopoulos, “Electromagnetic Bloch waves at the surface of a photonic crystal,” Phys. Rev. B 44, 10961–10964 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

E. Yablonovitch, “Inhibited spontaneous emission in solid-state physics and electronics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2059–2062 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1984 (1)

R. Palmer, D. Stein, E. Abrahams, and P. Andersen, “Models of hierarchically constrained dynamics for glassy relaxation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 53, 958–961 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Abrahams, E.

R. Palmer, D. Stein, E. Abrahams, and P. Andersen, “Models of hierarchically constrained dynamics for glassy relaxation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 53, 958–961 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Amos, R.

P. Worthing, R. Amos, and W. Barnes, “Modification of the spontaneous emission rate of Er3+ ions embedded within a dielectric layer above a silver mirror,” Phys. Rev. A 59, 865–872 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Andersen, P.

R. Palmer, D. Stein, E. Abrahams, and P. Andersen, “Models of hierarchically constrained dynamics for glassy relaxation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 53, 958–961 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Bardosova, M.

S. G. Romanov, M. Bardosova, I. M. Povey, C. M. Sotomayor Torres, M. E. Pemble, N. Gaponik, and A. Eychmüller, “Modification of emission of CdTe nanocrystals by the local field of Langmuir–Blodgett colloidal photonic crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 104, 103118 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Barnes, W.

P. Worthing, R. Amos, and W. Barnes, “Modification of the spontaneous emission rate of Er3+ ions embedded within a dielectric layer above a silver mirror,” Phys. Rev. A 59, 865–872 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Blanco, A.

A. Blanco, C. Lopez, R. Mayoral, H. Miguex, F. Meseguer, A. Mifsud, and J. Herrero, “CdS photoluminescence inhibition by a photonic structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1781–1783 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Blum, C.

Bogomolov, V. N.

E. P. Petrov, V. N. Bogomolov, I. I. Kalosha, and S. V. Gaponeneko, “Spontaneous emission of organic molecules embedded in a photonic crystal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 77–80 (1998).
[CrossRef]

V. N. Bogomolov, A. V. Prokofiev, S. M. Samoilovich, E. P. Petrov, A. M. Kapotonov, and S. V. Gaponeneko, “Photonic band gap effect in a solid state cluster lattice,” J. Lumin. 72–74, 391–392 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Brommer, K. D.

R. D. Meade, K. D. Brommer, A. M. Rappe, and J. D. Joannopoulos, “Electromagnetic Bloch waves at the surface of a photonic crystal,” Phys. Rev. B 44, 10961–10964 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Buddhudu, S.

J. Zhou, Y. Zhou, S. Buddhudu, S. L. Ng, Y. L. Lam, and C. H. Kam, “Photoluminescence of ZnS:Mn embedded in three-dimensional photonic crystals of submicron polymer spheres,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 3513–3515 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Bulu, I.

Caglayan, H.

Chan, C. T.

X. Zhang, L.-M. Li, Z.-Q. Zhang, and C. T. Chan, “Surface states in two-dimensional metallodielectric photonic crystals studied by a multiple-scattering method,” Phys. Rev. B 63, 125114 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y.

G. Q. Liu, Y. Chen, and Z. Q. Ye, “Engineering a light-emitting planar defect within three-dimensional photonic crystals,” Sci. Technol. Adv. Mater. 10, 055001 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. Q. Liu, Y. B. Liao, Z. M. Liu, and Y. Chen, “Characteristic investigation of high quality three-dimensional photonic crystals fabricated by self-assembly: theory analysis, simulation and measurement,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 10, 115202 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chow, E.

N. Ganesh, W. Zhang, P. C. Mathias, E. Chow, J. A. N. T. Soares, V. Malyarchuk, A. D. Smith, and B. T. Cunningham, “Enhanced fluorescence emission from quantum dots on a photonic crystal surface,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 2, 515–520 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Cunningham, B. T.

N. Ganesh, W. Zhang, P. C. Mathias, E. Chow, J. A. N. T. Soares, V. Malyarchuk, A. D. Smith, and B. T. Cunningham, “Enhanced fluorescence emission from quantum dots on a photonic crystal surface,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 2, 515–520 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Economou, E. N.

S. Foteinopoulou, M. Kafesaki, E. N. Economou, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Backward surface waves at photonic crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 245116 (2007).

Elson, J. M.

Eychmüller, A.

S. G. Romanov, M. Bardosova, I. M. Povey, C. M. Sotomayor Torres, M. E. Pemble, N. Gaponik, and A. Eychmüller, “Modification of emission of CdTe nanocrystals by the local field of Langmuir–Blodgett colloidal photonic crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 104, 103118 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Flavell, W. R.

H. M. Yates, W. R. Flavell, M. E. Pemble, M. P. Johnson, S. G. Romanov, and C. M. Sotomayor Torres, “Novel quantum confined structures via atmospheric pressure MOCVD growth in asbestos and opals,” J. Cryst. Growth 170, 611–615 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Foteinopoulou, S.

S. Foteinopoulou, M. Kafesaki, E. N. Economou, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Backward surface waves at photonic crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 245116 (2007).

Ganesh, N.

N. Ganesh, W. Zhang, P. C. Mathias, E. Chow, J. A. N. T. Soares, V. Malyarchuk, A. D. Smith, and B. T. Cunningham, “Enhanced fluorescence emission from quantum dots on a photonic crystal surface,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 2, 515–520 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Gaponeneko, S. V.

E. P. Petrov, V. N. Bogomolov, I. I. Kalosha, and S. V. Gaponeneko, “Spontaneous emission of organic molecules embedded in a photonic crystal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 77–80 (1998).
[CrossRef]

V. N. Bogomolov, A. V. Prokofiev, S. M. Samoilovich, E. P. Petrov, A. M. Kapotonov, and S. V. Gaponeneko, “Photonic band gap effect in a solid state cluster lattice,” J. Lumin. 72–74, 391–392 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Gaponik, N.

S. G. Romanov, M. Bardosova, I. M. Povey, C. M. Sotomayor Torres, M. E. Pemble, N. Gaponik, and A. Eychmüller, “Modification of emission of CdTe nanocrystals by the local field of Langmuir–Blodgett colloidal photonic crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 104, 103118 (2008).
[CrossRef]

García-Vidal, F. J.

E. Moreno, F. J. García-Vidal, and L. Martín-Moreno, “Enhanced transmission and beaming of light via photonic crystal surface modes,” Phys. Rev. B 69, 121402 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Halevi, P.

F. R. Mendieta and P. Halevi, “Surface electromagnetic waves in two-dimensional photonic crystals: Effect of the position of the surface plane,” Phys. Rev. B 59, 15112–15120 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Halterman, K.

Hermann, C.

Herrero, J.

A. Blanco, C. Lopez, R. Mayoral, H. Miguex, F. Meseguer, A. Mifsud, and J. Herrero, “CdS photoluminescence inhibition by a photonic structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1781–1783 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Hess, O.

Hunt, N.

A. Vredenberg, N. Hunt, E. Schubert, D. Jachobson, J. Poate, and G. Zydzik, “Controlled atomic spontaneous emission from Er3+ in a transparent Si/SiO2 microcavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 517–520 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ishizaki, K.

Jachobson, D.

A. Vredenberg, N. Hunt, E. Schubert, D. Jachobson, J. Poate, and G. Zydzik, “Controlled atomic spontaneous emission from Er3+ in a transparent Si/SiO2 microcavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 517–520 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ji, Y. H.

G. Q. Liu, Z. S. Wang, and Y. H. Ji, “Influence of growth parameters on the fabrication of high-quality colloidal crystals via a controlled evaporation self-assembly method,” Thin Solid Films 518, 5083–5090 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, C.

Joannopoulos, J. D.

R. D. Meade, K. D. Brommer, A. M. Rappe, and J. D. Joannopoulos, “Electromagnetic Bloch waves at the surface of a photonic crystal,” Phys. Rev. B 44, 10961–10964 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Joannopoulos, S. D. Johonson, J. N. Winn, and R. D. Meade, Photonic Crystals: Molding the Flow of Light, 2nd ed. (Princeton U. Press, 2007), pp. 89–92.

Johnson, M. P.

H. M. Yates, W. R. Flavell, M. E. Pemble, M. P. Johnson, S. G. Romanov, and C. M. Sotomayor Torres, “Novel quantum confined structures via atmospheric pressure MOCVD growth in asbestos and opals,” J. Cryst. Growth 170, 611–615 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Johonson, S. D.

J. D. Joannopoulos, S. D. Johonson, J. N. Winn, and R. D. Meade, Photonic Crystals: Molding the Flow of Light, 2nd ed. (Princeton U. Press, 2007), pp. 89–92.

Kafesaki, M.

S. Foteinopoulou, M. Kafesaki, E. N. Economou, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Backward surface waves at photonic crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 245116 (2007).

A. F. Koenderink, M. Kafesaki, C. M. Soukoulis, and V. Sandoghdar, “Spontaneous emission in the near field of two-dimensional photonic crystals,” Opt. Lett. 30, 3210–3212 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kalosha, I. I.

E. P. Petrov, V. N. Bogomolov, I. I. Kalosha, and S. V. Gaponeneko, “Spontaneous emission of organic molecules embedded in a photonic crystal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 77–80 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kam, C. H.

J. Zhou, Y. Zhou, S. Buddhudu, S. L. Ng, Y. L. Lam, and C. H. Kam, “Photoluminescence of ZnS:Mn embedded in three-dimensional photonic crystals of submicron polymer spheres,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 3513–3515 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kapotonov, A. M.

V. N. Bogomolov, A. V. Prokofiev, S. M. Samoilovich, E. P. Petrov, A. M. Kapotonov, and S. V. Gaponeneko, “Photonic band gap effect in a solid state cluster lattice,” J. Lumin. 72–74, 391–392 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Koenderink, A. F.

Kumacheva, E.

Y. Lin, J. Zhang, E. H. Sargent, and E. Kumacheva, “Photonic pseudo-gap-based modification of photoluminescence from CdS nanocrystal satellites around polymer microspheres in a photonic crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3134–3136 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kumar, M. S.

Lam, Y. L.

J. Zhou, Y. Zhou, S. Buddhudu, S. L. Ng, Y. L. Lam, and C. H. Kam, “Photoluminescence of ZnS:Mn embedded in three-dimensional photonic crystals of submicron polymer spheres,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 3513–3515 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Langendijk, A.

E. Snoeks, A. Langendijk, and A. Polman, “Measuring and modifying the spontaneous emission rate of erbium near an interface,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2459–2462 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, L. -M.

X. Zhang, L.-M. Li, Z.-Q. Zhang, and C. T. Chan, “Surface states in two-dimensional metallodielectric photonic crystals studied by a multiple-scattering method,” Phys. Rev. B 63, 125114 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Liao, Y. B.

G. Q. Liu, Y. B. Liao, and X. Y. Tao, “Characteristic of spontaneous emission form CdSe/ZnS core-shell quantum dots near the surface of self-assembled three-dimensional photonic crystals,” J. Mod. Opt. (2010), doi: 10.1080/09500341003605403.
[CrossRef]

G. Q. Liu, Y. B. Liao, Z. M. Liu, and Y. Chen, “Characteristic investigation of high quality three-dimensional photonic crystals fabricated by self-assembly: theory analysis, simulation and measurement,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 10, 115202 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lin, Y.

Y. Liu, C. Jiang, Y. Lin, and W. Xu, “Slow-light enhancement of stimulated emission of atomic systems in photonic crystals,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27, 442–446 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Lin, J. Zhang, E. H. Sargent, and E. Kumacheva, “Photonic pseudo-gap-based modification of photoluminescence from CdS nanocrystal satellites around polymer microspheres in a photonic crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3134–3136 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Liu, G. Q.

G. Q. Liu, Z. S. Wang, and Y. H. Ji, “Influence of growth parameters on the fabrication of high-quality colloidal crystals via a controlled evaporation self-assembly method,” Thin Solid Films 518, 5083–5090 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. Q. Liu, Y. B. Liao, and X. Y. Tao, “Characteristic of spontaneous emission form CdSe/ZnS core-shell quantum dots near the surface of self-assembled three-dimensional photonic crystals,” J. Mod. Opt. (2010), doi: 10.1080/09500341003605403.
[CrossRef]

G. Q. Liu, Y. Chen, and Z. Q. Ye, “Engineering a light-emitting planar defect within three-dimensional photonic crystals,” Sci. Technol. Adv. Mater. 10, 055001 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. Q. Liu, Y. B. Liao, Z. M. Liu, and Y. Chen, “Characteristic investigation of high quality three-dimensional photonic crystals fabricated by self-assembly: theory analysis, simulation and measurement,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 10, 115202 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Y.

Liu, Z. M.

G. Q. Liu, Y. B. Liao, Z. M. Liu, and Y. Chen, “Characteristic investigation of high quality three-dimensional photonic crystals fabricated by self-assembly: theory analysis, simulation and measurement,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 10, 115202 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lopez, C.

A. Blanco, C. Lopez, R. Mayoral, H. Miguex, F. Meseguer, A. Mifsud, and J. Herrero, “CdS photoluminescence inhibition by a photonic structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1781–1783 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Malyarchuk, V.

N. Ganesh, W. Zhang, P. C. Mathias, E. Chow, J. A. N. T. Soares, V. Malyarchuk, A. D. Smith, and B. T. Cunningham, “Enhanced fluorescence emission from quantum dots on a photonic crystal surface,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 2, 515–520 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Martín-Moreno, L.

E. Moreno, F. J. García-Vidal, and L. Martín-Moreno, “Enhanced transmission and beaming of light via photonic crystal surface modes,” Phys. Rev. B 69, 121402 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Mathias, P. C.

N. Ganesh, W. Zhang, P. C. Mathias, E. Chow, J. A. N. T. Soares, V. Malyarchuk, A. D. Smith, and B. T. Cunningham, “Enhanced fluorescence emission from quantum dots on a photonic crystal surface,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 2, 515–520 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Mayoral, R.

A. Blanco, C. Lopez, R. Mayoral, H. Miguex, F. Meseguer, A. Mifsud, and J. Herrero, “CdS photoluminescence inhibition by a photonic structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1781–1783 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Meade, R. D.

R. D. Meade, K. D. Brommer, A. M. Rappe, and J. D. Joannopoulos, “Electromagnetic Bloch waves at the surface of a photonic crystal,” Phys. Rev. B 44, 10961–10964 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Joannopoulos, S. D. Johonson, J. N. Winn, and R. D. Meade, Photonic Crystals: Molding the Flow of Light, 2nd ed. (Princeton U. Press, 2007), pp. 89–92.

Menabde, S.

Mendieta, F. R.

F. R. Mendieta and P. Halevi, “Surface electromagnetic waves in two-dimensional photonic crystals: Effect of the position of the surface plane,” Phys. Rev. B 59, 15112–15120 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Meseguer, F.

A. Blanco, C. Lopez, R. Mayoral, H. Miguex, F. Meseguer, A. Mifsud, and J. Herrero, “CdS photoluminescence inhibition by a photonic structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1781–1783 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Mifsud, A.

A. Blanco, C. Lopez, R. Mayoral, H. Miguex, F. Meseguer, A. Mifsud, and J. Herrero, “CdS photoluminescence inhibition by a photonic structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1781–1783 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Miguex, H.

A. Blanco, C. Lopez, R. Mayoral, H. Miguex, F. Meseguer, A. Mifsud, and J. Herrero, “CdS photoluminescence inhibition by a photonic structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1781–1783 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Míguez, H.

R. Pozas, A. Mihi, M. Ocaña, and H. Míguez, “Building nanocrystalline planar defects within self-assembled photonic crystals by spin-coating,” Adv. Mater. 18, 1183–1187 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Mihi, A.

R. Pozas, A. Mihi, M. Ocaña, and H. Míguez, “Building nanocrystalline planar defects within self-assembled photonic crystals by spin-coating,” Adv. Mater. 18, 1183–1187 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Moreno, E.

E. Moreno, F. J. García-Vidal, and L. Martín-Moreno, “Enhanced transmission and beaming of light via photonic crystal surface modes,” Phys. Rev. B 69, 121402 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Mosk, A. P.

Ng, S. L.

J. Zhou, Y. Zhou, S. Buddhudu, S. L. Ng, Y. L. Lam, and C. H. Kam, “Photoluminescence of ZnS:Mn embedded in three-dimensional photonic crystals of submicron polymer spheres,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 3513–3515 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Noda, S.

Ocaña, M.

R. Pozas, A. Mihi, M. Ocaña, and H. Míguez, “Building nanocrystalline planar defects within self-assembled photonic crystals by spin-coating,” Adv. Mater. 18, 1183–1187 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Okano, M.

Otto, C.

Ozbay, E.

Palmer, R.

R. Palmer, D. Stein, E. Abrahams, and P. Andersen, “Models of hierarchically constrained dynamics for glassy relaxation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 53, 958–961 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Park, N.

Pemble, M. E.

S. G. Romanov, M. Bardosova, I. M. Povey, C. M. Sotomayor Torres, M. E. Pemble, N. Gaponik, and A. Eychmüller, “Modification of emission of CdTe nanocrystals by the local field of Langmuir–Blodgett colloidal photonic crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 104, 103118 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. M. Yates, W. R. Flavell, M. E. Pemble, M. P. Johnson, S. G. Romanov, and C. M. Sotomayor Torres, “Novel quantum confined structures via atmospheric pressure MOCVD growth in asbestos and opals,” J. Cryst. Growth 170, 611–615 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Petrov, E. P.

E. P. Petrov, V. N. Bogomolov, I. I. Kalosha, and S. V. Gaponeneko, “Spontaneous emission of organic molecules embedded in a photonic crystal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 77–80 (1998).
[CrossRef]

V. N. Bogomolov, A. V. Prokofiev, S. M. Samoilovich, E. P. Petrov, A. M. Kapotonov, and S. V. Gaponeneko, “Photonic band gap effect in a solid state cluster lattice,” J. Lumin. 72–74, 391–392 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Poate, J.

A. Vredenberg, N. Hunt, E. Schubert, D. Jachobson, J. Poate, and G. Zydzik, “Controlled atomic spontaneous emission from Er3+ in a transparent Si/SiO2 microcavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 517–520 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Polman, A.

E. Snoeks, A. Langendijk, and A. Polman, “Measuring and modifying the spontaneous emission rate of erbium near an interface,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2459–2462 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Povey, I. M.

S. G. Romanov, M. Bardosova, I. M. Povey, C. M. Sotomayor Torres, M. E. Pemble, N. Gaponik, and A. Eychmüller, “Modification of emission of CdTe nanocrystals by the local field of Langmuir–Blodgett colloidal photonic crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 104, 103118 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Pozas, R.

R. Pozas, A. Mihi, M. Ocaña, and H. Míguez, “Building nanocrystalline planar defects within self-assembled photonic crystals by spin-coating,” Adv. Mater. 18, 1183–1187 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Prokofiev, A. V.

V. N. Bogomolov, A. V. Prokofiev, S. M. Samoilovich, E. P. Petrov, A. M. Kapotonov, and S. V. Gaponeneko, “Photonic band gap effect in a solid state cluster lattice,” J. Lumin. 72–74, 391–392 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Rahachou, A. I.

A. I. Rahachou and I. V. Zozoulenko, “Waveguiding properties of surface states in photonic crystals,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23, 1679–1683 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. I. Rahachou and I. V. Zozoulenko, “Light propagation in finite and infinite photonic crystals: The recursive Green’s function technique,” Phys. Rev. B 72, 155117 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Rappe, A. M.

R. D. Meade, K. D. Brommer, A. M. Rappe, and J. D. Joannopoulos, “Electromagnetic Bloch waves at the surface of a photonic crystal,” Phys. Rev. B 44, 10961–10964 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Romanov, S. G.

S. G. Romanov, M. Bardosova, I. M. Povey, C. M. Sotomayor Torres, M. E. Pemble, N. Gaponik, and A. Eychmüller, “Modification of emission of CdTe nanocrystals by the local field of Langmuir–Blodgett colloidal photonic crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 104, 103118 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. M. Yates, W. R. Flavell, M. E. Pemble, M. P. Johnson, S. G. Romanov, and C. M. Sotomayor Torres, “Novel quantum confined structures via atmospheric pressure MOCVD growth in asbestos and opals,” J. Cryst. Growth 170, 611–615 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Samoilovich, S. M.

V. N. Bogomolov, A. V. Prokofiev, S. M. Samoilovich, E. P. Petrov, A. M. Kapotonov, and S. V. Gaponeneko, “Photonic band gap effect in a solid state cluster lattice,” J. Lumin. 72–74, 391–392 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Sandoghdar, V.

Sargent, E. H.

Y. Lin, J. Zhang, E. H. Sargent, and E. Kumacheva, “Photonic pseudo-gap-based modification of photoluminescence from CdS nanocrystal satellites around polymer microspheres in a photonic crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3134–3136 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Schubert, E.

A. Vredenberg, N. Hunt, E. Schubert, D. Jachobson, J. Poate, and G. Zydzik, “Controlled atomic spontaneous emission from Er3+ in a transparent Si/SiO2 microcavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 517–520 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Smith, A. D.

N. Ganesh, W. Zhang, P. C. Mathias, E. Chow, J. A. N. T. Soares, V. Malyarchuk, A. D. Smith, and B. T. Cunningham, “Enhanced fluorescence emission from quantum dots on a photonic crystal surface,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 2, 515–520 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Snoeks, E.

E. Snoeks, A. Langendijk, and A. Polman, “Measuring and modifying the spontaneous emission rate of erbium near an interface,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2459–2462 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Soares, J. A. N. T.

N. Ganesh, W. Zhang, P. C. Mathias, E. Chow, J. A. N. T. Soares, V. Malyarchuk, A. D. Smith, and B. T. Cunningham, “Enhanced fluorescence emission from quantum dots on a photonic crystal surface,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 2, 515–520 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sotomayor Torres, C. M.

S. G. Romanov, M. Bardosova, I. M. Povey, C. M. Sotomayor Torres, M. E. Pemble, N. Gaponik, and A. Eychmüller, “Modification of emission of CdTe nanocrystals by the local field of Langmuir–Blodgett colloidal photonic crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 104, 103118 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. M. Yates, W. R. Flavell, M. E. Pemble, M. P. Johnson, S. G. Romanov, and C. M. Sotomayor Torres, “Novel quantum confined structures via atmospheric pressure MOCVD growth in asbestos and opals,” J. Cryst. Growth 170, 611–615 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Soukoulis, C. M.

S. Foteinopoulou, M. Kafesaki, E. N. Economou, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Backward surface waves at photonic crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 245116 (2007).

A. F. Koenderink, M. Kafesaki, C. M. Soukoulis, and V. Sandoghdar, “Spontaneous emission in the near field of two-dimensional photonic crystals,” Opt. Lett. 30, 3210–3212 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stein, D.

R. Palmer, D. Stein, E. Abrahams, and P. Andersen, “Models of hierarchically constrained dynamics for glassy relaxation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 53, 958–961 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Subramaniam, V.

Tao, X. Y.

G. Q. Liu, Y. B. Liao, and X. Y. Tao, “Characteristic of spontaneous emission form CdSe/ZnS core-shell quantum dots near the surface of self-assembled three-dimensional photonic crystals,” J. Mod. Opt. (2010), doi: 10.1080/09500341003605403.
[CrossRef]

Tsutsui, T.

T. Yamasaki and T. Tsutsui, “Spontaneous emission from fluorescent molecules embedded in photonic crystals consisting of polystyrene microspheres,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 1957–1959 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Vos, W. L.

Vredenberg, A.

A. Vredenberg, N. Hunt, E. Schubert, D. Jachobson, J. Poate, and G. Zydzik, “Controlled atomic spontaneous emission from Er3+ in a transparent Si/SiO2 microcavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 517–520 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, Z. S.

G. Q. Liu, Z. S. Wang, and Y. H. Ji, “Influence of growth parameters on the fabrication of high-quality colloidal crystals via a controlled evaporation self-assembly method,” Thin Solid Films 518, 5083–5090 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Winn, J. N.

J. D. Joannopoulos, S. D. Johonson, J. N. Winn, and R. D. Meade, Photonic Crystals: Molding the Flow of Light, 2nd ed. (Princeton U. Press, 2007), pp. 89–92.

Worthing, P.

P. Worthing, R. Amos, and W. Barnes, “Modification of the spontaneous emission rate of Er3+ ions embedded within a dielectric layer above a silver mirror,” Phys. Rev. A 59, 865–872 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Xu, W.

Xu, Y.

Yablonovitch, E.

E. Yablonovitch, “Inhibited spontaneous emission in solid-state physics and electronics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2059–2062 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yamasaki, T.

T. Yamasaki and T. Tsutsui, “Spontaneous emission from fluorescent molecules embedded in photonic crystals consisting of polystyrene microspheres,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 1957–1959 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Yariv, A.

Yates, H. M.

H. M. Yates, W. R. Flavell, M. E. Pemble, M. P. Johnson, S. G. Romanov, and C. M. Sotomayor Torres, “Novel quantum confined structures via atmospheric pressure MOCVD growth in asbestos and opals,” J. Cryst. Growth 170, 611–615 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ye, Z. Q.

G. Q. Liu, Y. Chen, and Z. Q. Ye, “Engineering a light-emitting planar defect within three-dimensional photonic crystals,” Sci. Technol. Adv. Mater. 10, 055001 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yu, S.

Zhang, J.

Y. Lin, J. Zhang, E. H. Sargent, and E. Kumacheva, “Photonic pseudo-gap-based modification of photoluminescence from CdS nanocrystal satellites around polymer microspheres in a photonic crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3134–3136 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, W.

N. Ganesh, W. Zhang, P. C. Mathias, E. Chow, J. A. N. T. Soares, V. Malyarchuk, A. D. Smith, and B. T. Cunningham, “Enhanced fluorescence emission from quantum dots on a photonic crystal surface,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 2, 515–520 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X.

X. Zhang, L.-M. Li, Z.-Q. Zhang, and C. T. Chan, “Surface states in two-dimensional metallodielectric photonic crystals studied by a multiple-scattering method,” Phys. Rev. B 63, 125114 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Z. -Q.

X. Zhang, L.-M. Li, Z.-Q. Zhang, and C. T. Chan, “Surface states in two-dimensional metallodielectric photonic crystals studied by a multiple-scattering method,” Phys. Rev. B 63, 125114 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, J.

J. Zhou, Y. Zhou, S. Buddhudu, S. L. Ng, Y. L. Lam, and C. H. Kam, “Photoluminescence of ZnS:Mn embedded in three-dimensional photonic crystals of submicron polymer spheres,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 3513–3515 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, Y.

J. Zhou, Y. Zhou, S. Buddhudu, S. L. Ng, Y. L. Lam, and C. H. Kam, “Photoluminescence of ZnS:Mn embedded in three-dimensional photonic crystals of submicron polymer spheres,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 3513–3515 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Zozoulenko, I. V.

A. I. Rahachou and I. V. Zozoulenko, “Waveguiding properties of surface states in photonic crystals,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23, 1679–1683 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. I. Rahachou and I. V. Zozoulenko, “Light propagation in finite and infinite photonic crystals: The recursive Green’s function technique,” Phys. Rev. B 72, 155117 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zydzik, G.

A. Vredenberg, N. Hunt, E. Schubert, D. Jachobson, J. Poate, and G. Zydzik, “Controlled atomic spontaneous emission from Er3+ in a transparent Si/SiO2 microcavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 517–520 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Adv. Mater. (1)

R. Pozas, A. Mihi, M. Ocaña, and H. Míguez, “Building nanocrystalline planar defects within self-assembled photonic crystals by spin-coating,” Adv. Mater. 18, 1183–1187 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

A. Blanco, C. Lopez, R. Mayoral, H. Miguex, F. Meseguer, A. Mifsud, and J. Herrero, “CdS photoluminescence inhibition by a photonic structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1781–1783 (1998).
[CrossRef]

T. Yamasaki and T. Tsutsui, “Spontaneous emission from fluorescent molecules embedded in photonic crystals consisting of polystyrene microspheres,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 1957–1959 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Zhou, Y. Zhou, S. Buddhudu, S. L. Ng, Y. L. Lam, and C. H. Kam, “Photoluminescence of ZnS:Mn embedded in three-dimensional photonic crystals of submicron polymer spheres,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 3513–3515 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Y. Lin, J. Zhang, E. H. Sargent, and E. Kumacheva, “Photonic pseudo-gap-based modification of photoluminescence from CdS nanocrystal satellites around polymer microspheres in a photonic crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3134–3136 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

S. G. Romanov, M. Bardosova, I. M. Povey, C. M. Sotomayor Torres, M. E. Pemble, N. Gaponik, and A. Eychmüller, “Modification of emission of CdTe nanocrystals by the local field of Langmuir–Blodgett colloidal photonic crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 104, 103118 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Cryst. Growth (1)

H. M. Yates, W. R. Flavell, M. E. Pemble, M. P. Johnson, S. G. Romanov, and C. M. Sotomayor Torres, “Novel quantum confined structures via atmospheric pressure MOCVD growth in asbestos and opals,” J. Cryst. Growth 170, 611–615 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Lumin. (1)

V. N. Bogomolov, A. V. Prokofiev, S. M. Samoilovich, E. P. Petrov, A. M. Kapotonov, and S. V. Gaponeneko, “Photonic band gap effect in a solid state cluster lattice,” J. Lumin. 72–74, 391–392 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Mod. Opt. (1)

G. Q. Liu, Y. B. Liao, and X. Y. Tao, “Characteristic of spontaneous emission form CdSe/ZnS core-shell quantum dots near the surface of self-assembled three-dimensional photonic crystals,” J. Mod. Opt. (2010), doi: 10.1080/09500341003605403.
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. (1)

G. Q. Liu, Y. B. Liao, Z. M. Liu, and Y. Chen, “Characteristic investigation of high quality three-dimensional photonic crystals fabricated by self-assembly: theory analysis, simulation and measurement,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 10, 115202 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (7)

Nat. Nanotechnol. (1)

N. Ganesh, W. Zhang, P. C. Mathias, E. Chow, J. A. N. T. Soares, V. Malyarchuk, A. D. Smith, and B. T. Cunningham, “Enhanced fluorescence emission from quantum dots on a photonic crystal surface,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 2, 515–520 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

K. Ishizaki and S. Noda, “Manipulation of photons at the surface of three-dimensional photonic crystals,” Nature 460, 367–370 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

P. Worthing, R. Amos, and W. Barnes, “Modification of the spontaneous emission rate of Er3+ ions embedded within a dielectric layer above a silver mirror,” Phys. Rev. A 59, 865–872 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (5)

R. D. Meade, K. D. Brommer, A. M. Rappe, and J. D. Joannopoulos, “Electromagnetic Bloch waves at the surface of a photonic crystal,” Phys. Rev. B 44, 10961–10964 (1991).
[CrossRef]

F. R. Mendieta and P. Halevi, “Surface electromagnetic waves in two-dimensional photonic crystals: Effect of the position of the surface plane,” Phys. Rev. B 59, 15112–15120 (1999).
[CrossRef]

X. Zhang, L.-M. Li, Z.-Q. Zhang, and C. T. Chan, “Surface states in two-dimensional metallodielectric photonic crystals studied by a multiple-scattering method,” Phys. Rev. B 63, 125114 (2001).
[CrossRef]

E. Moreno, F. J. García-Vidal, and L. Martín-Moreno, “Enhanced transmission and beaming of light via photonic crystal surface modes,” Phys. Rev. B 69, 121402 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. I. Rahachou and I. V. Zozoulenko, “Light propagation in finite and infinite photonic crystals: The recursive Green’s function technique,” Phys. Rev. B 72, 155117 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (6)

E. Snoeks, A. Langendijk, and A. Polman, “Measuring and modifying the spontaneous emission rate of erbium near an interface,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2459–2462 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Palmer, D. Stein, E. Abrahams, and P. Andersen, “Models of hierarchically constrained dynamics for glassy relaxation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 53, 958–961 (1984).
[CrossRef]

A. Vredenberg, N. Hunt, E. Schubert, D. Jachobson, J. Poate, and G. Zydzik, “Controlled atomic spontaneous emission from Er3+ in a transparent Si/SiO2 microcavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 517–520 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Yablonovitch, “Inhibited spontaneous emission in solid-state physics and electronics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2059–2062 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. P. Petrov, V. N. Bogomolov, I. I. Kalosha, and S. V. Gaponeneko, “Spontaneous emission of organic molecules embedded in a photonic crystal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 77–80 (1998).
[CrossRef]

S. Foteinopoulou, M. Kafesaki, E. N. Economou, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Backward surface waves at photonic crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 245116 (2007).

Sci. Technol. Adv. Mater. (1)

G. Q. Liu, Y. Chen, and Z. Q. Ye, “Engineering a light-emitting planar defect within three-dimensional photonic crystals,” Sci. Technol. Adv. Mater. 10, 055001 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Thin Solid Films (1)

G. Q. Liu, Z. S. Wang, and Y. H. Ji, “Influence of growth parameters on the fabrication of high-quality colloidal crystals via a controlled evaporation self-assembly method,” Thin Solid Films 518, 5083–5090 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

J. D. Joannopoulos, S. D. Johonson, J. N. Winn, and R. D. Meade, Photonic Crystals: Molding the Flow of Light, 2nd ed. (Princeton U. Press, 2007), pp. 89–92.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

SEM images of samples A and B.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

PL spectra of QDs and samples A–C, and the transmission spectrum of the PC.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

PL decay traces of samples A–C at a wavelength of 570 nm.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

PL decay traces at wavelengths of 570, 600, 620, and 640 nm for sample A, and at wavelengths of 570, 580, 620, and 630 nm for sample B.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Emission rate normalized to the vacuum rate versus wavelength, and thicknesses of the light-emitting film are chosen to be 30, 110, and 210 nm. (b) Emission rate normalized to the vacuum rate versus distance between QDs and the PC surface, and wavelengths are chosen to be 550, 570, 590, 630, and 650 nm, respectively.

Equations (1)

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2 n d / λ + φ = k π ,

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