A high-speed, high-resolution, and large-scanning-range three-dimensional measurement system was demonstrated using an electronically controlled wavelength-tunable orthogonally polarized high-power ultrashort twin pulse source and an all-fiber interferometer. Thanks to the high peak power, the ultrashort optical pulses propagated along a fiber while maintaining the pulse shape by means of the soliton effect, allowing us to demonstrate high-speed, high-resolution, and large-scanning-range measurement. First, the interference was analyzed by numerical calculations and then the measurement system was demonstrated experimentally. A longitudinal scanning range of about 25 mm, a longitudinal resolution of , and a scanning speed of 1000 points/s were achieved without moving parts. For a measurement distance of 0.5 m, a sensitivity of 60 dB was obtained. Clear three-dimensional images of a 100 yen Japanese coin and metal samples were obtained using this system.
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