Abstract

Ordinary and extraordinary refractive indices of an ɛ-GaSe crystal at terahertz (THz) frequencies are experimentally determined in this study. Fitting experimental data by THz time-domain spectroscopy (THz-TDS) and a Fourier transform infrared spectrometer (FTIR), we proposed revised complex dielectric functions and Sellmeier equations of GaSe for both ordinary and extraordinary waves from 0.2to100THz. Phonon vibrational modes and overtones in the THz frequency range are examined in detail. The high magnitude of the figure of merit (FOM103 at 1THz), the large birefringence (Δn0.76 at 1THz). and the low absorption coefficient (α0.2cm1 at 1THz) of GaSe are also identified. Potential applications to practical photonic devices such as phase shifters at THz frequencies are proposed.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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