Abstract

We demonstrate, to the best of our knowledge, a novel generation process of a terahertz (THz) electromagnetic wave via a noncollinear χ(2) process in LiNbO3 with a phase-front-controlled femtosecond Ti:sapphire laser pulse. Systematic measurements of both the THz electric field and the excitation transmitted through an LiNbO3 crystal at different excitation powers show that the maximum amplitude of the THz electric field increases nonlinearly above the critical input powers. This enhancement of optical rectification efficiency is attributed to the distortion of the excitation pulse shape via electro-optic (EO) phase modulation by the emitted THz wave. Actually, spectral line shapes of both the THz wave and the excitation pulse become broadened above the threshold, and they are well reproduced by numerical simulations with equivalent one-dimensionally mapped coupled equations in the frequency domain. This generation scheme shows potential optimization of further generation efficiency.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. K. Sakai, Terahertz Optoelectronics (Springer, 2005).
    [CrossRef]
  2. M. Tonouchi, “Cutting-edge terahertz technology,” Nat. Photonics 1, 97-105 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  3. A. Rice, Y. Jin, X. F. Ma, X.-C. Zhang, D. Bliss, J. Larkin, and M. Alexander, “Terahertz optical rectification from 110 zinc-blende crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1324-1326 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  4. Q. Wu and X.-C. Zhang, “Ultrafast electro-optic field sensors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 1604-1606 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  5. M. Nagai, K. Tanaka, H. Ohtake, T. Bessho, T. Sugiura, T. Hirosumi, and M. Yoshida, “Generation and detection of terahertz radiation by electro-optical process in GaAs using 1.56μm fiber laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3974-3976 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  6. A. Syouji, S. Saito, K. Sakai, M. Nagai, K. Tanaka, H. Ohtake, T. Bessho, T. Sugiura, T. Hirosumi, and M. Yoshida, “Evaluation of a terahertz wave spectrum and construction of a terahertz wave-sensing system using a Yb-doped fiber laser,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 2006-2012 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  7. F. Blanchard, L. Razzari, H.-C. Bandulet, G. Sharma, R. Morandotti, J.-C. Kieffer, T. Ozaki, M. Reid, H. F. Tiedje, H. K. Haugen, and F. A. Hegmann, “Generation of 1.5μJ single-cycle terahertz pulses by optical rectification from a large aperture ZnTe crystal,” Opt. Express 15, 13212-13220 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. K. Kawase, H. Minamide, K. Imai, J. Shikata, and H. Ito, “Injection-seeded terahertz-wave parametric generator with wide tunability,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 195-197 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  9. J. A. L'Huillier, G. Torosyan, M. Theuer, Y. Avetisyan, and R. Beigang, “Generation of THz radiation using bulk, periodically and aperiodically poled lithium niobate--Part 1: Theory,” Appl. Phys. B 86, 185-196 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  10. J. A. L'Huillier, G. Torosyan, M. Theuer, C. Rau, Y. Avetisyan, and R. Beigang, “Generation of THz radiation using bulk, periodically and aperiodically poled lithium niobate--Part 2: Experiments,” Appl. Phys. B 86, 197-208 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  11. J. Hebling, G. Almási, and I. Z. Kozma, “Velocity matching by pulse front tilting for large area THz-pulse generation,” Opt. Express 10, 1161-1166 (2002).
    [PubMed]
  12. J. Hebling, A. G. Stepanov, G. Almási, B. Bartal, and J. Kuhl, “Tunable THz pulse generation by optical rectification of ultrashort laser pulses with tilted pulse fronts,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 593-599 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  13. J. Hebling, K.-L. Yeh, M.C. Hoffmann, B. Bartal, and K. A. Nelson, “Generation of high-power terahertz pulses by tilted-pulse-front excitation and their application possibilities,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25, 6-19 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  14. K.-L. Yeh, M. C. Hoffmann, J. Hebling, and K. A. Nelson, “Generation of 10 mu J ultrashort terahertz pulses by optical rectification,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 171121 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  15. G. Stepanov, J. Kuhl, I. Z. Kozma, E. Riedle, G. Almási, and J. Hebling, “Scaling up the energy of THz pulses created by optical rectification,” Opt. Express 13, 5762-5768 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. T. K. Gustafson, J.-P. E. Taran, P. L. Kelley, and R. Y. Chiao, “Self modulation of picosecond pulses in electro-optic crystals,” Opt. Commun. 2, 17-21 (1970).
    [CrossRef]
  17. X. Liu, L. J. Qian, and F. Wise, “High-energy pulse compression by use of negative phase shifts produced by the cascade χ(2): χ(2) nonlinearity,” Opt. Lett. 24, 1777-1779 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  18. E. Matsubara, T. Sekikawa, and M. Yamashita, “Generation of ultrashort optical pulses using multiple coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering in a crystal at room temperature,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 071104 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  19. M. Nagai, M. Jewariya, Y. Ichikawa, H. Ohtake, T. Sugiura, Y. Uehara, and K. Tanaka, “Broadband and high power terahertz pulse generation beyond excitation bandwidth limitation via χ(2) cascaded processes in LiNbO3,” Opt. Express 17, 11543-11549 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. Y. R. Shen, The Principles of Nonlinear Optics (Wiley-Interscience, 1984).
  21. L. Pálfalvi, J. Hebling, G. Almási, Á. Péter, K. Polgár, K. Lengyel, and R. Szipöcs, “Nonlinear refraction and absorption of Mg doped stoichiometric and congruent LiNbO3,” J. Appl. Phys. 95, 902-908 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  22. Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids, EdwardD.Palik, ed. (Academic, 1985).
  23. A. G. Stepanov, J. Hebling, and J. Kuhl, “THz generation via optical rectification with ultrashort laser pulse focused to a line,” Appl. Phys. B 81, 23-26 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  24. L. Pálfalvi, J. Hebling, J. Kuhl, Á. Péter, and K. Polgár, “Temperature dependence of the absorption and refraction of Mg-doped congruent and stoichiometric LiNbO3 in the THz range,” J. Appl. Phys. 97, 123505 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  25. A. Yariv, Quantum Electronics, 3rd. ed. (Wiley, 1989).
  26. Y. Shen, G. L. Carr, J. B. Murphy, T. Y. Tsang, X. Wang, and X. Yang, “Spatiotemporal control of ultra short laser pulses using intense single-cycle terahertz pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 78, 043813 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  27. T. Hattori and K. Takeuchi, “Simulation study on cascaded terahertz pulse generation in electro-optic crystals,” Opt. Express 15, 8076-8093 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009

2008

J. Hebling, K.-L. Yeh, M.C. Hoffmann, B. Bartal, and K. A. Nelson, “Generation of high-power terahertz pulses by tilted-pulse-front excitation and their application possibilities,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25, 6-19 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. Shen, G. L. Carr, J. B. Murphy, T. Y. Tsang, X. Wang, and X. Yang, “Spatiotemporal control of ultra short laser pulses using intense single-cycle terahertz pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 78, 043813 (2008).
[CrossRef]

E. Matsubara, T. Sekikawa, and M. Yamashita, “Generation of ultrashort optical pulses using multiple coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering in a crystal at room temperature,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 071104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

T. Hattori and K. Takeuchi, “Simulation study on cascaded terahertz pulse generation in electro-optic crystals,” Opt. Express 15, 8076-8093 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K.-L. Yeh, M. C. Hoffmann, J. Hebling, and K. A. Nelson, “Generation of 10 mu J ultrashort terahertz pulses by optical rectification,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 171121 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Tonouchi, “Cutting-edge terahertz technology,” Nat. Photonics 1, 97-105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Syouji, S. Saito, K. Sakai, M. Nagai, K. Tanaka, H. Ohtake, T. Bessho, T. Sugiura, T. Hirosumi, and M. Yoshida, “Evaluation of a terahertz wave spectrum and construction of a terahertz wave-sensing system using a Yb-doped fiber laser,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 2006-2012 (2007).
[CrossRef]

F. Blanchard, L. Razzari, H.-C. Bandulet, G. Sharma, R. Morandotti, J.-C. Kieffer, T. Ozaki, M. Reid, H. F. Tiedje, H. K. Haugen, and F. A. Hegmann, “Generation of 1.5μJ single-cycle terahertz pulses by optical rectification from a large aperture ZnTe crystal,” Opt. Express 15, 13212-13220 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. A. L'Huillier, G. Torosyan, M. Theuer, Y. Avetisyan, and R. Beigang, “Generation of THz radiation using bulk, periodically and aperiodically poled lithium niobate--Part 1: Theory,” Appl. Phys. B 86, 185-196 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. A. L'Huillier, G. Torosyan, M. Theuer, C. Rau, Y. Avetisyan, and R. Beigang, “Generation of THz radiation using bulk, periodically and aperiodically poled lithium niobate--Part 2: Experiments,” Appl. Phys. B 86, 197-208 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2005

G. Stepanov, J. Kuhl, I. Z. Kozma, E. Riedle, G. Almási, and J. Hebling, “Scaling up the energy of THz pulses created by optical rectification,” Opt. Express 13, 5762-5768 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. G. Stepanov, J. Hebling, and J. Kuhl, “THz generation via optical rectification with ultrashort laser pulse focused to a line,” Appl. Phys. B 81, 23-26 (2005).
[CrossRef]

L. Pálfalvi, J. Hebling, J. Kuhl, Á. Péter, and K. Polgár, “Temperature dependence of the absorption and refraction of Mg-doped congruent and stoichiometric LiNbO3 in the THz range,” J. Appl. Phys. 97, 123505 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

L. Pálfalvi, J. Hebling, G. Almási, Á. Péter, K. Polgár, K. Lengyel, and R. Szipöcs, “Nonlinear refraction and absorption of Mg doped stoichiometric and congruent LiNbO3,” J. Appl. Phys. 95, 902-908 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Hebling, A. G. Stepanov, G. Almási, B. Bartal, and J. Kuhl, “Tunable THz pulse generation by optical rectification of ultrashort laser pulses with tilted pulse fronts,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 593-599 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Nagai, K. Tanaka, H. Ohtake, T. Bessho, T. Sugiura, T. Hirosumi, and M. Yoshida, “Generation and detection of terahertz radiation by electro-optical process in GaAs using 1.56μm fiber laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3974-3976 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002

J. Hebling, G. Almási, and I. Z. Kozma, “Velocity matching by pulse front tilting for large area THz-pulse generation,” Opt. Express 10, 1161-1166 (2002).
[PubMed]

K. Kawase, H. Minamide, K. Imai, J. Shikata, and H. Ito, “Injection-seeded terahertz-wave parametric generator with wide tunability,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 195-197 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1999

1996

Q. Wu and X.-C. Zhang, “Ultrafast electro-optic field sensors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 1604-1606 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1994

A. Rice, Y. Jin, X. F. Ma, X.-C. Zhang, D. Bliss, J. Larkin, and M. Alexander, “Terahertz optical rectification from 110 zinc-blende crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1324-1326 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1970

T. K. Gustafson, J.-P. E. Taran, P. L. Kelley, and R. Y. Chiao, “Self modulation of picosecond pulses in electro-optic crystals,” Opt. Commun. 2, 17-21 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Alexander, M.

A. Rice, Y. Jin, X. F. Ma, X.-C. Zhang, D. Bliss, J. Larkin, and M. Alexander, “Terahertz optical rectification from 110 zinc-blende crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1324-1326 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Almási, G.

G. Stepanov, J. Kuhl, I. Z. Kozma, E. Riedle, G. Almási, and J. Hebling, “Scaling up the energy of THz pulses created by optical rectification,” Opt. Express 13, 5762-5768 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Pálfalvi, J. Hebling, G. Almási, Á. Péter, K. Polgár, K. Lengyel, and R. Szipöcs, “Nonlinear refraction and absorption of Mg doped stoichiometric and congruent LiNbO3,” J. Appl. Phys. 95, 902-908 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Hebling, A. G. Stepanov, G. Almási, B. Bartal, and J. Kuhl, “Tunable THz pulse generation by optical rectification of ultrashort laser pulses with tilted pulse fronts,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 593-599 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Hebling, G. Almási, and I. Z. Kozma, “Velocity matching by pulse front tilting for large area THz-pulse generation,” Opt. Express 10, 1161-1166 (2002).
[PubMed]

Avetisyan, Y.

J. A. L'Huillier, G. Torosyan, M. Theuer, C. Rau, Y. Avetisyan, and R. Beigang, “Generation of THz radiation using bulk, periodically and aperiodically poled lithium niobate--Part 2: Experiments,” Appl. Phys. B 86, 197-208 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. A. L'Huillier, G. Torosyan, M. Theuer, Y. Avetisyan, and R. Beigang, “Generation of THz radiation using bulk, periodically and aperiodically poled lithium niobate--Part 1: Theory,” Appl. Phys. B 86, 185-196 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bandulet, H.-C.

Bartal, B.

J. Hebling, K.-L. Yeh, M.C. Hoffmann, B. Bartal, and K. A. Nelson, “Generation of high-power terahertz pulses by tilted-pulse-front excitation and their application possibilities,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25, 6-19 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Hebling, A. G. Stepanov, G. Almási, B. Bartal, and J. Kuhl, “Tunable THz pulse generation by optical rectification of ultrashort laser pulses with tilted pulse fronts,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 593-599 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Beigang, R.

J. A. L'Huillier, G. Torosyan, M. Theuer, C. Rau, Y. Avetisyan, and R. Beigang, “Generation of THz radiation using bulk, periodically and aperiodically poled lithium niobate--Part 2: Experiments,” Appl. Phys. B 86, 197-208 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. A. L'Huillier, G. Torosyan, M. Theuer, Y. Avetisyan, and R. Beigang, “Generation of THz radiation using bulk, periodically and aperiodically poled lithium niobate--Part 1: Theory,” Appl. Phys. B 86, 185-196 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bessho, T.

A. Syouji, S. Saito, K. Sakai, M. Nagai, K. Tanaka, H. Ohtake, T. Bessho, T. Sugiura, T. Hirosumi, and M. Yoshida, “Evaluation of a terahertz wave spectrum and construction of a terahertz wave-sensing system using a Yb-doped fiber laser,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 2006-2012 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Nagai, K. Tanaka, H. Ohtake, T. Bessho, T. Sugiura, T. Hirosumi, and M. Yoshida, “Generation and detection of terahertz radiation by electro-optical process in GaAs using 1.56μm fiber laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3974-3976 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Blanchard, F.

Bliss, D.

A. Rice, Y. Jin, X. F. Ma, X.-C. Zhang, D. Bliss, J. Larkin, and M. Alexander, “Terahertz optical rectification from 110 zinc-blende crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1324-1326 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Carr, G. L.

Y. Shen, G. L. Carr, J. B. Murphy, T. Y. Tsang, X. Wang, and X. Yang, “Spatiotemporal control of ultra short laser pulses using intense single-cycle terahertz pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 78, 043813 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chiao, R. Y.

T. K. Gustafson, J.-P. E. Taran, P. L. Kelley, and R. Y. Chiao, “Self modulation of picosecond pulses in electro-optic crystals,” Opt. Commun. 2, 17-21 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Gustafson, T. K.

T. K. Gustafson, J.-P. E. Taran, P. L. Kelley, and R. Y. Chiao, “Self modulation of picosecond pulses in electro-optic crystals,” Opt. Commun. 2, 17-21 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Hattori, T.

Haugen, H. K.

Hebling, J.

J. Hebling, K.-L. Yeh, M.C. Hoffmann, B. Bartal, and K. A. Nelson, “Generation of high-power terahertz pulses by tilted-pulse-front excitation and their application possibilities,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25, 6-19 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K.-L. Yeh, M. C. Hoffmann, J. Hebling, and K. A. Nelson, “Generation of 10 mu J ultrashort terahertz pulses by optical rectification,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 171121 (2007).
[CrossRef]

G. Stepanov, J. Kuhl, I. Z. Kozma, E. Riedle, G. Almási, and J. Hebling, “Scaling up the energy of THz pulses created by optical rectification,” Opt. Express 13, 5762-5768 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. G. Stepanov, J. Hebling, and J. Kuhl, “THz generation via optical rectification with ultrashort laser pulse focused to a line,” Appl. Phys. B 81, 23-26 (2005).
[CrossRef]

L. Pálfalvi, J. Hebling, J. Kuhl, Á. Péter, and K. Polgár, “Temperature dependence of the absorption and refraction of Mg-doped congruent and stoichiometric LiNbO3 in the THz range,” J. Appl. Phys. 97, 123505 (2005).
[CrossRef]

L. Pálfalvi, J. Hebling, G. Almási, Á. Péter, K. Polgár, K. Lengyel, and R. Szipöcs, “Nonlinear refraction and absorption of Mg doped stoichiometric and congruent LiNbO3,” J. Appl. Phys. 95, 902-908 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Hebling, A. G. Stepanov, G. Almási, B. Bartal, and J. Kuhl, “Tunable THz pulse generation by optical rectification of ultrashort laser pulses with tilted pulse fronts,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 593-599 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Hebling, G. Almási, and I. Z. Kozma, “Velocity matching by pulse front tilting for large area THz-pulse generation,” Opt. Express 10, 1161-1166 (2002).
[PubMed]

Hegmann, F. A.

Hirosumi, T.

A. Syouji, S. Saito, K. Sakai, M. Nagai, K. Tanaka, H. Ohtake, T. Bessho, T. Sugiura, T. Hirosumi, and M. Yoshida, “Evaluation of a terahertz wave spectrum and construction of a terahertz wave-sensing system using a Yb-doped fiber laser,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 2006-2012 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Nagai, K. Tanaka, H. Ohtake, T. Bessho, T. Sugiura, T. Hirosumi, and M. Yoshida, “Generation and detection of terahertz radiation by electro-optical process in GaAs using 1.56μm fiber laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3974-3976 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hoffmann, M. C.

J. Hebling, K.-L. Yeh, M.C. Hoffmann, B. Bartal, and K. A. Nelson, “Generation of high-power terahertz pulses by tilted-pulse-front excitation and their application possibilities,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25, 6-19 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K.-L. Yeh, M. C. Hoffmann, J. Hebling, and K. A. Nelson, “Generation of 10 mu J ultrashort terahertz pulses by optical rectification,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 171121 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ichikawa, Y.

Imai, K.

K. Kawase, H. Minamide, K. Imai, J. Shikata, and H. Ito, “Injection-seeded terahertz-wave parametric generator with wide tunability,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 195-197 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ito, H.

K. Kawase, H. Minamide, K. Imai, J. Shikata, and H. Ito, “Injection-seeded terahertz-wave parametric generator with wide tunability,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 195-197 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Jewariya, M.

Jin, Y.

A. Rice, Y. Jin, X. F. Ma, X.-C. Zhang, D. Bliss, J. Larkin, and M. Alexander, “Terahertz optical rectification from 110 zinc-blende crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1324-1326 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Kawase, K.

K. Kawase, H. Minamide, K. Imai, J. Shikata, and H. Ito, “Injection-seeded terahertz-wave parametric generator with wide tunability,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 195-197 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kelley, P. L.

T. K. Gustafson, J.-P. E. Taran, P. L. Kelley, and R. Y. Chiao, “Self modulation of picosecond pulses in electro-optic crystals,” Opt. Commun. 2, 17-21 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Kieffer, J.-C.

Kozma, I. Z.

Kuhl, J.

G. Stepanov, J. Kuhl, I. Z. Kozma, E. Riedle, G. Almási, and J. Hebling, “Scaling up the energy of THz pulses created by optical rectification,” Opt. Express 13, 5762-5768 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. G. Stepanov, J. Hebling, and J. Kuhl, “THz generation via optical rectification with ultrashort laser pulse focused to a line,” Appl. Phys. B 81, 23-26 (2005).
[CrossRef]

L. Pálfalvi, J. Hebling, J. Kuhl, Á. Péter, and K. Polgár, “Temperature dependence of the absorption and refraction of Mg-doped congruent and stoichiometric LiNbO3 in the THz range,” J. Appl. Phys. 97, 123505 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Hebling, A. G. Stepanov, G. Almási, B. Bartal, and J. Kuhl, “Tunable THz pulse generation by optical rectification of ultrashort laser pulses with tilted pulse fronts,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 593-599 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Larkin, J.

A. Rice, Y. Jin, X. F. Ma, X.-C. Zhang, D. Bliss, J. Larkin, and M. Alexander, “Terahertz optical rectification from 110 zinc-blende crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1324-1326 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Lengyel, K.

L. Pálfalvi, J. Hebling, G. Almási, Á. Péter, K. Polgár, K. Lengyel, and R. Szipöcs, “Nonlinear refraction and absorption of Mg doped stoichiometric and congruent LiNbO3,” J. Appl. Phys. 95, 902-908 (2004).
[CrossRef]

L'Huillier, J. A.

J. A. L'Huillier, G. Torosyan, M. Theuer, Y. Avetisyan, and R. Beigang, “Generation of THz radiation using bulk, periodically and aperiodically poled lithium niobate--Part 1: Theory,” Appl. Phys. B 86, 185-196 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. A. L'Huillier, G. Torosyan, M. Theuer, C. Rau, Y. Avetisyan, and R. Beigang, “Generation of THz radiation using bulk, periodically and aperiodically poled lithium niobate--Part 2: Experiments,” Appl. Phys. B 86, 197-208 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Liu, X.

Ma, X. F.

A. Rice, Y. Jin, X. F. Ma, X.-C. Zhang, D. Bliss, J. Larkin, and M. Alexander, “Terahertz optical rectification from 110 zinc-blende crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1324-1326 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Matsubara, E.

E. Matsubara, T. Sekikawa, and M. Yamashita, “Generation of ultrashort optical pulses using multiple coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering in a crystal at room temperature,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 071104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Minamide, H.

K. Kawase, H. Minamide, K. Imai, J. Shikata, and H. Ito, “Injection-seeded terahertz-wave parametric generator with wide tunability,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 195-197 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Morandotti, R.

Murphy, J. B.

Y. Shen, G. L. Carr, J. B. Murphy, T. Y. Tsang, X. Wang, and X. Yang, “Spatiotemporal control of ultra short laser pulses using intense single-cycle terahertz pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 78, 043813 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nagai, M.

Nelson, K. A.

J. Hebling, K.-L. Yeh, M.C. Hoffmann, B. Bartal, and K. A. Nelson, “Generation of high-power terahertz pulses by tilted-pulse-front excitation and their application possibilities,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25, 6-19 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K.-L. Yeh, M. C. Hoffmann, J. Hebling, and K. A. Nelson, “Generation of 10 mu J ultrashort terahertz pulses by optical rectification,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 171121 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ohtake, H.

Ozaki, T.

Pálfalvi, L.

L. Pálfalvi, J. Hebling, J. Kuhl, Á. Péter, and K. Polgár, “Temperature dependence of the absorption and refraction of Mg-doped congruent and stoichiometric LiNbO3 in the THz range,” J. Appl. Phys. 97, 123505 (2005).
[CrossRef]

L. Pálfalvi, J. Hebling, G. Almási, Á. Péter, K. Polgár, K. Lengyel, and R. Szipöcs, “Nonlinear refraction and absorption of Mg doped stoichiometric and congruent LiNbO3,” J. Appl. Phys. 95, 902-908 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Péter, Á.

L. Pálfalvi, J. Hebling, J. Kuhl, Á. Péter, and K. Polgár, “Temperature dependence of the absorption and refraction of Mg-doped congruent and stoichiometric LiNbO3 in the THz range,” J. Appl. Phys. 97, 123505 (2005).
[CrossRef]

L. Pálfalvi, J. Hebling, G. Almási, Á. Péter, K. Polgár, K. Lengyel, and R. Szipöcs, “Nonlinear refraction and absorption of Mg doped stoichiometric and congruent LiNbO3,” J. Appl. Phys. 95, 902-908 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Polgár, K.

L. Pálfalvi, J. Hebling, J. Kuhl, Á. Péter, and K. Polgár, “Temperature dependence of the absorption and refraction of Mg-doped congruent and stoichiometric LiNbO3 in the THz range,” J. Appl. Phys. 97, 123505 (2005).
[CrossRef]

L. Pálfalvi, J. Hebling, G. Almási, Á. Péter, K. Polgár, K. Lengyel, and R. Szipöcs, “Nonlinear refraction and absorption of Mg doped stoichiometric and congruent LiNbO3,” J. Appl. Phys. 95, 902-908 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Qian, L. J.

Rau, C.

J. A. L'Huillier, G. Torosyan, M. Theuer, C. Rau, Y. Avetisyan, and R. Beigang, “Generation of THz radiation using bulk, periodically and aperiodically poled lithium niobate--Part 2: Experiments,” Appl. Phys. B 86, 197-208 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Razzari, L.

Reid, M.

Rice, A.

A. Rice, Y. Jin, X. F. Ma, X.-C. Zhang, D. Bliss, J. Larkin, and M. Alexander, “Terahertz optical rectification from 110 zinc-blende crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1324-1326 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Riedle, E.

Saito, S.

Sakai, K.

Sekikawa, T.

E. Matsubara, T. Sekikawa, and M. Yamashita, “Generation of ultrashort optical pulses using multiple coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering in a crystal at room temperature,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 071104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sharma, G.

Shen, Y.

Y. Shen, G. L. Carr, J. B. Murphy, T. Y. Tsang, X. Wang, and X. Yang, “Spatiotemporal control of ultra short laser pulses using intense single-cycle terahertz pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 78, 043813 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Shen, Y. R.

Y. R. Shen, The Principles of Nonlinear Optics (Wiley-Interscience, 1984).

Shikata, J.

K. Kawase, H. Minamide, K. Imai, J. Shikata, and H. Ito, “Injection-seeded terahertz-wave parametric generator with wide tunability,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 195-197 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Stepanov, A. G.

A. G. Stepanov, J. Hebling, and J. Kuhl, “THz generation via optical rectification with ultrashort laser pulse focused to a line,” Appl. Phys. B 81, 23-26 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Hebling, A. G. Stepanov, G. Almási, B. Bartal, and J. Kuhl, “Tunable THz pulse generation by optical rectification of ultrashort laser pulses with tilted pulse fronts,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 593-599 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Stepanov, G.

Sugiura, T.

Syouji, A.

Szipöcs, R.

L. Pálfalvi, J. Hebling, G. Almási, Á. Péter, K. Polgár, K. Lengyel, and R. Szipöcs, “Nonlinear refraction and absorption of Mg doped stoichiometric and congruent LiNbO3,” J. Appl. Phys. 95, 902-908 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Takeuchi, K.

Tanaka, K.

Taran, J.-P. E.

T. K. Gustafson, J.-P. E. Taran, P. L. Kelley, and R. Y. Chiao, “Self modulation of picosecond pulses in electro-optic crystals,” Opt. Commun. 2, 17-21 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Theuer, M.

J. A. L'Huillier, G. Torosyan, M. Theuer, C. Rau, Y. Avetisyan, and R. Beigang, “Generation of THz radiation using bulk, periodically and aperiodically poled lithium niobate--Part 2: Experiments,” Appl. Phys. B 86, 197-208 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. A. L'Huillier, G. Torosyan, M. Theuer, Y. Avetisyan, and R. Beigang, “Generation of THz radiation using bulk, periodically and aperiodically poled lithium niobate--Part 1: Theory,” Appl. Phys. B 86, 185-196 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tiedje, H. F.

Tonouchi, M.

M. Tonouchi, “Cutting-edge terahertz technology,” Nat. Photonics 1, 97-105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Torosyan, G.

J. A. L'Huillier, G. Torosyan, M. Theuer, Y. Avetisyan, and R. Beigang, “Generation of THz radiation using bulk, periodically and aperiodically poled lithium niobate--Part 1: Theory,” Appl. Phys. B 86, 185-196 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. A. L'Huillier, G. Torosyan, M. Theuer, C. Rau, Y. Avetisyan, and R. Beigang, “Generation of THz radiation using bulk, periodically and aperiodically poled lithium niobate--Part 2: Experiments,” Appl. Phys. B 86, 197-208 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tsang, T. Y.

Y. Shen, G. L. Carr, J. B. Murphy, T. Y. Tsang, X. Wang, and X. Yang, “Spatiotemporal control of ultra short laser pulses using intense single-cycle terahertz pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 78, 043813 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Uehara, Y.

Wang, X.

Y. Shen, G. L. Carr, J. B. Murphy, T. Y. Tsang, X. Wang, and X. Yang, “Spatiotemporal control of ultra short laser pulses using intense single-cycle terahertz pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 78, 043813 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wise, F.

Wu, Q.

Q. Wu and X.-C. Zhang, “Ultrafast electro-optic field sensors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 1604-1606 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Yamashita, M.

E. Matsubara, T. Sekikawa, and M. Yamashita, “Generation of ultrashort optical pulses using multiple coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering in a crystal at room temperature,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 071104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yang, X.

Y. Shen, G. L. Carr, J. B. Murphy, T. Y. Tsang, X. Wang, and X. Yang, “Spatiotemporal control of ultra short laser pulses using intense single-cycle terahertz pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 78, 043813 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yariv, A.

A. Yariv, Quantum Electronics, 3rd. ed. (Wiley, 1989).

Yeh, K.-L.

J. Hebling, K.-L. Yeh, M.C. Hoffmann, B. Bartal, and K. A. Nelson, “Generation of high-power terahertz pulses by tilted-pulse-front excitation and their application possibilities,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25, 6-19 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K.-L. Yeh, M. C. Hoffmann, J. Hebling, and K. A. Nelson, “Generation of 10 mu J ultrashort terahertz pulses by optical rectification,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 171121 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yoshida, M.

A. Syouji, S. Saito, K. Sakai, M. Nagai, K. Tanaka, H. Ohtake, T. Bessho, T. Sugiura, T. Hirosumi, and M. Yoshida, “Evaluation of a terahertz wave spectrum and construction of a terahertz wave-sensing system using a Yb-doped fiber laser,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 2006-2012 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Nagai, K. Tanaka, H. Ohtake, T. Bessho, T. Sugiura, T. Hirosumi, and M. Yoshida, “Generation and detection of terahertz radiation by electro-optical process in GaAs using 1.56μm fiber laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3974-3976 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X.-C.

Q. Wu and X.-C. Zhang, “Ultrafast electro-optic field sensors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 1604-1606 (1996).
[CrossRef]

A. Rice, Y. Jin, X. F. Ma, X.-C. Zhang, D. Bliss, J. Larkin, and M. Alexander, “Terahertz optical rectification from 110 zinc-blende crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1324-1326 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B

J. A. L'Huillier, G. Torosyan, M. Theuer, Y. Avetisyan, and R. Beigang, “Generation of THz radiation using bulk, periodically and aperiodically poled lithium niobate--Part 1: Theory,” Appl. Phys. B 86, 185-196 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. A. L'Huillier, G. Torosyan, M. Theuer, C. Rau, Y. Avetisyan, and R. Beigang, “Generation of THz radiation using bulk, periodically and aperiodically poled lithium niobate--Part 2: Experiments,” Appl. Phys. B 86, 197-208 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Hebling, A. G. Stepanov, G. Almási, B. Bartal, and J. Kuhl, “Tunable THz pulse generation by optical rectification of ultrashort laser pulses with tilted pulse fronts,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 593-599 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. G. Stepanov, J. Hebling, and J. Kuhl, “THz generation via optical rectification with ultrashort laser pulse focused to a line,” Appl. Phys. B 81, 23-26 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

K. Kawase, H. Minamide, K. Imai, J. Shikata, and H. Ito, “Injection-seeded terahertz-wave parametric generator with wide tunability,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 195-197 (2002).
[CrossRef]

K.-L. Yeh, M. C. Hoffmann, J. Hebling, and K. A. Nelson, “Generation of 10 mu J ultrashort terahertz pulses by optical rectification,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 171121 (2007).
[CrossRef]

E. Matsubara, T. Sekikawa, and M. Yamashita, “Generation of ultrashort optical pulses using multiple coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering in a crystal at room temperature,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 071104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Rice, Y. Jin, X. F. Ma, X.-C. Zhang, D. Bliss, J. Larkin, and M. Alexander, “Terahertz optical rectification from 110 zinc-blende crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1324-1326 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Q. Wu and X.-C. Zhang, “Ultrafast electro-optic field sensors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 1604-1606 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. Nagai, K. Tanaka, H. Ohtake, T. Bessho, T. Sugiura, T. Hirosumi, and M. Yoshida, “Generation and detection of terahertz radiation by electro-optical process in GaAs using 1.56μm fiber laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3974-3976 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys.

L. Pálfalvi, J. Hebling, J. Kuhl, Á. Péter, and K. Polgár, “Temperature dependence of the absorption and refraction of Mg-doped congruent and stoichiometric LiNbO3 in the THz range,” J. Appl. Phys. 97, 123505 (2005).
[CrossRef]

L. Pálfalvi, J. Hebling, G. Almási, Á. Péter, K. Polgár, K. Lengyel, and R. Szipöcs, “Nonlinear refraction and absorption of Mg doped stoichiometric and congruent LiNbO3,” J. Appl. Phys. 95, 902-908 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

A. Syouji, S. Saito, K. Sakai, M. Nagai, K. Tanaka, H. Ohtake, T. Bessho, T. Sugiura, T. Hirosumi, and M. Yoshida, “Evaluation of a terahertz wave spectrum and construction of a terahertz wave-sensing system using a Yb-doped fiber laser,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 2006-2012 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Hebling, K.-L. Yeh, M.C. Hoffmann, B. Bartal, and K. A. Nelson, “Generation of high-power terahertz pulses by tilted-pulse-front excitation and their application possibilities,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25, 6-19 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics

M. Tonouchi, “Cutting-edge terahertz technology,” Nat. Photonics 1, 97-105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

T. K. Gustafson, J.-P. E. Taran, P. L. Kelley, and R. Y. Chiao, “Self modulation of picosecond pulses in electro-optic crystals,” Opt. Commun. 2, 17-21 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. A

Y. Shen, G. L. Carr, J. B. Murphy, T. Y. Tsang, X. Wang, and X. Yang, “Spatiotemporal control of ultra short laser pulses using intense single-cycle terahertz pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 78, 043813 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Other

Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids, EdwardD.Palik, ed. (Academic, 1985).

A. Yariv, Quantum Electronics, 3rd. ed. (Wiley, 1989).

Y. R. Shen, The Principles of Nonlinear Optics (Wiley-Interscience, 1984).

K. Sakai, Terahertz Optoelectronics (Springer, 2005).
[CrossRef]

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup of emitted THz electric field measurement.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Temporal evolution of THz electric field from Li Nb O 3 under femtosecond laser excitation.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Input power dependence of peak electric field of THz radiation. Dotted line corresponds to slope of 1.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Power spectra of THz radiation from Li Nb O 3 at different excitation powers. (b) Optical spectra of transmitted excitation pulses through Li Nb O 3 at corresponding excitation powers, which includes the information of the signal beam. These spectra are normalized by their area.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Scheme of mapping from (a) the two-dimensional noncollinear parametric process to (b) a simple one-dimensional scheme.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Simulated power spectra of (a) emitted THz radiation and (b) optical spectra of transmitted excitation pulses through Li Nb O 3 at corresponding excitation powers in Fig. 4. We assume the chirped conditions of 0.2 rad ps 2 .

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

d E ( ω 0 + ω ) d z = α opt 2 E ( ω 0 + ω ) i d μ 0 ε 0 ( ω 0 + ω ) n ( ω 0 + ω ) E ( ω 0 + ω ω THz ) E ( ω THz ) exp [ i ( k ( ω 0 + ω ) k ( ω 0 + ω ω THz ) k ( ω THz ) ) z ] d ω THz i d μ 0 ε 0 ( ω 0 + ω ) n ( ω 0 + ω ) E ( ω 0 + ω + ω THz ) E * ( ω THz ) exp [ i ( k ( ω 0 + ω + ω THz ) k ( ω 0 + ω ) k ( ω THz ) ) z ] d ω THz ,
d E * ( ω THz ) d z cos θ = α THz 2 E * ( ω THz ) + i d μ 0 ε 0 ω THz n ( ω THz ) E ( ω 0 + ω ω THz ) E * ( ω THz ) exp [ i ( k ( ω 0 + ω ) k ( ω 0 + ω ω THz ) k ( ω THz ) ) z ] d ω .

Metrics