Abstract

Design rules for both single-mode and polarization-independent strained silicon-on-insulator rib waveguides at the wavelength of 3.39μm are presented for the first time to our knowledge. Waveguide geometries with different parameters, such as waveguide height, rib width, etch depth, top oxide cover thickness and sidewall angle, have been studied in order to investigate and define design rules that will make devices suitable for mid-IR applications. Chebyshev bivariate interpolation with a standard deviation of less than 1% has been used to represent the zero-birefringence surface. Experimental results for the upper cladding stress level have been used to determine the influence of top oxide cover thickness and different levels of upper cladding stress on waveguide characteristics. Finally, the polarization-insensitive and single-mode locus is presented for different waveguide heights.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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