Abstract

The dipole radiation power and far-field emission power in the process of dipole surface plasmon (SP) coupling over the spectral range of 400800nm in air/Ag/dielectric grating nanostructures with two dipole positions are evaluated based on the boundary integral equation method. Three kinds of SP coupling features are differentiated, including the plane-wave-excited surface plasmon polariton (SPP), dipole-excited SPP, and localized surface plasmon (LSP). The dipole radiation and coupling system emission powers depend on the metal nanostructure, dipole position, and spectral location. Generally, when the Ag layer becomes thinner, the major SPP and LSP coupling features redshift. The emission of a coupling system is mainly on the dipole side of the air/Ag/dielectric nanostructure, even though the metal layer is thin.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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  5. R. Paiella, “Tunable surface plasmons in coupled metallo-dielectric multiple layers for light-emission efficiency enhancement,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 111104 (2005).
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  6. D. M. Schaadt, B. Feng, and E. T. Yu, “Enhanced semiconductor optical absorption via surface plasmon excitation in metal nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 063106 (2005).
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  7. G. Sun, J. B. Khurgin, and R. A. Soref, “Practicable enhancement of spontaneous emission using surface plasmons,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 111107 (2007).
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  8. K. C. Shen, C. Y. Chen, C. F. Huang, J. Y. Wang, Y. C. Lu, Y. W. Kiang, C. C. Yang, and Y. J. Yang, “Polarization dependent coupling of surface plasmon on a one-dimensional Ag grating with an InGaN/GaN dual-quantum-well structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 013108 (2008).
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2008 (6)

Q. Gan, Z. Fu, Y. J. Ding, and F. J. Bartoli, “Ultrawide-bandwidth slow-light system based on THz plasmonic graded metallic grating structures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 256803 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. C. Shen, C. Y. Chen, C. F. Huang, J. Y. Wang, Y. C. Lu, Y. W. Kiang, C. C. Yang, and Y. J. Yang, “Polarization dependent coupling of surface plasmon on a one-dimensional Ag grating with an InGaN/GaN dual-quantum-well structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 013108 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. M. Yeh, C. F. Huang, C. Y. Chen, Y. C. Lu, and C. C. Yang, “Localized surface plasmon-induced emission enhancement of a green light-emitting diode,” Nanotechnology 19, 345201 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. H. Chuang, J. Y. Wang, and C. C. Yang, and Y. W. Kiang, “Differentiating the contributions between localized surface plasmon and surface plasmon polariton on a one-dimensional metal grating in coupling with a light emitter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 133115 (2008).
[CrossRef]

W. H. Chuang, J. Y. Wang, C. C. Yang, and Y. W. Kiang, “Quantum efficiency enhancement of a light-emitting diode based on surface plasmon coupling with a quantum well,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20, 1339-1341 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. V. Teperik, F. J. García de Abajo, A. G. Borisov, M. Abdelsalam, P. N. Bartlett, Y. Sugawara, and J. J. Baumberg, “Omnidirectional absorption in nanostructured metal surfaces,” Nat. Photonics 2, 299-301 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (7)

F. López-Tejeira, S. G. Rodrigo, L. Martín-Moreno, F. J. García-Vidal, E. Devaux, T. W. Ebbesen, J. R. Krenn, I. P. Radko, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, M. U. González, J. C. Weeber, and A. Dereux, “Efficient unidirectional nanoslit couplers for surface plasmons,” Nat. Phys. 3, 324-328 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Y. Wang, C. C. Yang, and Y. W. Kiang, “Numerical study on surface plasmon polariton behaviors in periodic metal-dielectric structures using a plane-wave-assisted boundary integral-equation method,” Opt. Express 15, 9048-9062 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Shvartser, G. Maltezos, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, Y. Kawakami, and A. Scherer, “Surface plasmon enhanced bright light emission from InGaN/GaN,” Phys. Status Solidi A 204, 2103-2107 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Y. Chen, Y. C. Lu, D. M. Yeh, and C. C. Yang, “Influence of the quantum-confined Stark effect in an InGaN/GaN quantum well on its coupling with surface plasmon for light emission enhancement,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 183114 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. C. Lu, C. Y. Chen, D. M. Yeh, C. F. Huang, T. Y. Tang, J. J. Huang, and C. C. Yang, “Temperature dependence of the surface plasmon coupling with an InGaN/GaN quantum well,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 193103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. M. Yeh, C. F. Huang, C. Y. Chen, Y. C. Lu, and C. C. Yang, “Surface plasmon coupling effect in an InGaN/GaN single-quantum-well light-emitting diode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 171103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

G. Sun, J. B. Khurgin, and R. A. Soref, “Practicable enhancement of spontaneous emission using surface plasmons,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 111107 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2005 (3)

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Scherer, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and Y. Kawakami, “Surface plasmon enhanced spontaneous emission rate of InGaN/GaN quantum wells probed by time-resolved photoluminescence spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 071102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. Paiella, “Tunable surface plasmons in coupled metallo-dielectric multiple layers for light-emission efficiency enhancement,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 111104 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. M. Schaadt, B. Feng, and E. T. Yu, “Enhanced semiconductor optical absorption via surface plasmon excitation in metal nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 063106 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Shvartser, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and A. Scherer, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light emitters based on InGaN quantum wells,” Nature Mater. 3, 601-605 (2004).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

I. Gontijo, M. Boroditsky, and E. Yablonovitch, “Coupling of InGaN quantum-well photoluminescence to silver surface plasmons,” Phys. Rev. B 60, 11564-11567 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

K. M. Chen, “A mathematical formulation of the equivalence principle,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 37, 1576-1581 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Abdelsalam, M.

T. V. Teperik, F. J. García de Abajo, A. G. Borisov, M. Abdelsalam, P. N. Bartlett, Y. Sugawara, and J. J. Baumberg, “Omnidirectional absorption in nanostructured metal surfaces,” Nat. Photonics 2, 299-301 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Balanis, C. A.

C. A. Balanis, Advanced Engineering Electromagnetics (Wiley, 1989).

Bartlett, P. N.

T. V. Teperik, F. J. García de Abajo, A. G. Borisov, M. Abdelsalam, P. N. Bartlett, Y. Sugawara, and J. J. Baumberg, “Omnidirectional absorption in nanostructured metal surfaces,” Nat. Photonics 2, 299-301 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bartoli, F. J.

Q. Gan, Z. Fu, Y. J. Ding, and F. J. Bartoli, “Ultrawide-bandwidth slow-light system based on THz plasmonic graded metallic grating structures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 256803 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Baumberg, J. J.

T. V. Teperik, F. J. García de Abajo, A. G. Borisov, M. Abdelsalam, P. N. Bartlett, Y. Sugawara, and J. J. Baumberg, “Omnidirectional absorption in nanostructured metal surfaces,” Nat. Photonics 2, 299-301 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Borisov, A. G.

T. V. Teperik, F. J. García de Abajo, A. G. Borisov, M. Abdelsalam, P. N. Bartlett, Y. Sugawara, and J. J. Baumberg, “Omnidirectional absorption in nanostructured metal surfaces,” Nat. Photonics 2, 299-301 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Boroditsky, M.

I. Gontijo, M. Boroditsky, and E. Yablonovitch, “Coupling of InGaN quantum-well photoluminescence to silver surface plasmons,” Phys. Rev. B 60, 11564-11567 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bozhevolnyi, S. I.

F. López-Tejeira, S. G. Rodrigo, L. Martín-Moreno, F. J. García-Vidal, E. Devaux, T. W. Ebbesen, J. R. Krenn, I. P. Radko, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, M. U. González, J. C. Weeber, and A. Dereux, “Efficient unidirectional nanoslit couplers for surface plasmons,” Nat. Phys. 3, 324-328 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chen, C. Y.

K. C. Shen, C. Y. Chen, C. F. Huang, J. Y. Wang, Y. C. Lu, Y. W. Kiang, C. C. Yang, and Y. J. Yang, “Polarization dependent coupling of surface plasmon on a one-dimensional Ag grating with an InGaN/GaN dual-quantum-well structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 013108 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. M. Yeh, C. F. Huang, C. Y. Chen, Y. C. Lu, and C. C. Yang, “Localized surface plasmon-induced emission enhancement of a green light-emitting diode,” Nanotechnology 19, 345201 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. M. Yeh, C. F. Huang, C. Y. Chen, Y. C. Lu, and C. C. Yang, “Surface plasmon coupling effect in an InGaN/GaN single-quantum-well light-emitting diode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 171103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Y. Chen, Y. C. Lu, D. M. Yeh, and C. C. Yang, “Influence of the quantum-confined Stark effect in an InGaN/GaN quantum well on its coupling with surface plasmon for light emission enhancement,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 183114 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. C. Lu, C. Y. Chen, D. M. Yeh, C. F. Huang, T. Y. Tang, J. J. Huang, and C. C. Yang, “Temperature dependence of the surface plasmon coupling with an InGaN/GaN quantum well,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 193103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chen, K. M.

K. M. Chen, “A mathematical formulation of the equivalence principle,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 37, 1576-1581 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Chuang, W. H.

W. H. Chuang, J. Y. Wang, and C. C. Yang, and Y. W. Kiang, “Differentiating the contributions between localized surface plasmon and surface plasmon polariton on a one-dimensional metal grating in coupling with a light emitter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 133115 (2008).
[CrossRef]

W. H. Chuang, J. Y. Wang, C. C. Yang, and Y. W. Kiang, “Quantum efficiency enhancement of a light-emitting diode based on surface plasmon coupling with a quantum well,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20, 1339-1341 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Dereux, A.

F. López-Tejeira, S. G. Rodrigo, L. Martín-Moreno, F. J. García-Vidal, E. Devaux, T. W. Ebbesen, J. R. Krenn, I. P. Radko, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, M. U. González, J. C. Weeber, and A. Dereux, “Efficient unidirectional nanoslit couplers for surface plasmons,” Nat. Phys. 3, 324-328 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Devaux, E.

F. López-Tejeira, S. G. Rodrigo, L. Martín-Moreno, F. J. García-Vidal, E. Devaux, T. W. Ebbesen, J. R. Krenn, I. P. Radko, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, M. U. González, J. C. Weeber, and A. Dereux, “Efficient unidirectional nanoslit couplers for surface plasmons,” Nat. Phys. 3, 324-328 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ding, Y. J.

Q. Gan, Z. Fu, Y. J. Ding, and F. J. Bartoli, “Ultrawide-bandwidth slow-light system based on THz plasmonic graded metallic grating structures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 256803 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ebbesen, T. W.

F. López-Tejeira, S. G. Rodrigo, L. Martín-Moreno, F. J. García-Vidal, E. Devaux, T. W. Ebbesen, J. R. Krenn, I. P. Radko, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, M. U. González, J. C. Weeber, and A. Dereux, “Efficient unidirectional nanoslit couplers for surface plasmons,” Nat. Phys. 3, 324-328 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Feng, B.

D. M. Schaadt, B. Feng, and E. T. Yu, “Enhanced semiconductor optical absorption via surface plasmon excitation in metal nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 063106 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Fu, Z.

Q. Gan, Z. Fu, Y. J. Ding, and F. J. Bartoli, “Ultrawide-bandwidth slow-light system based on THz plasmonic graded metallic grating structures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 256803 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gan, Q.

Q. Gan, Z. Fu, Y. J. Ding, and F. J. Bartoli, “Ultrawide-bandwidth slow-light system based on THz plasmonic graded metallic grating structures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 256803 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

García de Abajo, F. J.

T. V. Teperik, F. J. García de Abajo, A. G. Borisov, M. Abdelsalam, P. N. Bartlett, Y. Sugawara, and J. J. Baumberg, “Omnidirectional absorption in nanostructured metal surfaces,” Nat. Photonics 2, 299-301 (2008).
[CrossRef]

García-Vidal, F. J.

F. López-Tejeira, S. G. Rodrigo, L. Martín-Moreno, F. J. García-Vidal, E. Devaux, T. W. Ebbesen, J. R. Krenn, I. P. Radko, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, M. U. González, J. C. Weeber, and A. Dereux, “Efficient unidirectional nanoslit couplers for surface plasmons,” Nat. Phys. 3, 324-328 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Gontijo, I.

I. Gontijo, M. Boroditsky, and E. Yablonovitch, “Coupling of InGaN quantum-well photoluminescence to silver surface plasmons,” Phys. Rev. B 60, 11564-11567 (1999).
[CrossRef]

González, M. U.

F. López-Tejeira, S. G. Rodrigo, L. Martín-Moreno, F. J. García-Vidal, E. Devaux, T. W. Ebbesen, J. R. Krenn, I. P. Radko, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, M. U. González, J. C. Weeber, and A. Dereux, “Efficient unidirectional nanoslit couplers for surface plasmons,” Nat. Phys. 3, 324-328 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Huang, C. F.

K. C. Shen, C. Y. Chen, C. F. Huang, J. Y. Wang, Y. C. Lu, Y. W. Kiang, C. C. Yang, and Y. J. Yang, “Polarization dependent coupling of surface plasmon on a one-dimensional Ag grating with an InGaN/GaN dual-quantum-well structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 013108 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. M. Yeh, C. F. Huang, C. Y. Chen, Y. C. Lu, and C. C. Yang, “Localized surface plasmon-induced emission enhancement of a green light-emitting diode,” Nanotechnology 19, 345201 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. M. Yeh, C. F. Huang, C. Y. Chen, Y. C. Lu, and C. C. Yang, “Surface plasmon coupling effect in an InGaN/GaN single-quantum-well light-emitting diode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 171103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. C. Lu, C. Y. Chen, D. M. Yeh, C. F. Huang, T. Y. Tang, J. J. Huang, and C. C. Yang, “Temperature dependence of the surface plasmon coupling with an InGaN/GaN quantum well,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 193103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Huang, J. J.

Y. C. Lu, C. Y. Chen, D. M. Yeh, C. F. Huang, T. Y. Tang, J. J. Huang, and C. C. Yang, “Temperature dependence of the surface plasmon coupling with an InGaN/GaN quantum well,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 193103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kawakami, Y.

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Shvartser, G. Maltezos, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, Y. Kawakami, and A. Scherer, “Surface plasmon enhanced bright light emission from InGaN/GaN,” Phys. Status Solidi A 204, 2103-2107 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Scherer, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and Y. Kawakami, “Surface plasmon enhanced spontaneous emission rate of InGaN/GaN quantum wells probed by time-resolved photoluminescence spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 071102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Khurgin, J. B.

G. Sun, J. B. Khurgin, and R. A. Soref, “Practicable enhancement of spontaneous emission using surface plasmons,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 111107 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kiang, Y. W.

K. C. Shen, C. Y. Chen, C. F. Huang, J. Y. Wang, Y. C. Lu, Y. W. Kiang, C. C. Yang, and Y. J. Yang, “Polarization dependent coupling of surface plasmon on a one-dimensional Ag grating with an InGaN/GaN dual-quantum-well structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 013108 (2008).
[CrossRef]

W. H. Chuang, J. Y. Wang, and C. C. Yang, and Y. W. Kiang, “Differentiating the contributions between localized surface plasmon and surface plasmon polariton on a one-dimensional metal grating in coupling with a light emitter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 133115 (2008).
[CrossRef]

W. H. Chuang, J. Y. Wang, C. C. Yang, and Y. W. Kiang, “Quantum efficiency enhancement of a light-emitting diode based on surface plasmon coupling with a quantum well,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20, 1339-1341 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Y. Wang, C. C. Yang, and Y. W. Kiang, “Numerical study on surface plasmon polariton behaviors in periodic metal-dielectric structures using a plane-wave-assisted boundary integral-equation method,” Opt. Express 15, 9048-9062 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Krenn, J. R.

F. López-Tejeira, S. G. Rodrigo, L. Martín-Moreno, F. J. García-Vidal, E. Devaux, T. W. Ebbesen, J. R. Krenn, I. P. Radko, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, M. U. González, J. C. Weeber, and A. Dereux, “Efficient unidirectional nanoslit couplers for surface plasmons,” Nat. Phys. 3, 324-328 (2007).
[CrossRef]

López-Tejeira, F.

F. López-Tejeira, S. G. Rodrigo, L. Martín-Moreno, F. J. García-Vidal, E. Devaux, T. W. Ebbesen, J. R. Krenn, I. P. Radko, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, M. U. González, J. C. Weeber, and A. Dereux, “Efficient unidirectional nanoslit couplers for surface plasmons,” Nat. Phys. 3, 324-328 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lu, Y. C.

D. M. Yeh, C. F. Huang, C. Y. Chen, Y. C. Lu, and C. C. Yang, “Localized surface plasmon-induced emission enhancement of a green light-emitting diode,” Nanotechnology 19, 345201 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. C. Shen, C. Y. Chen, C. F. Huang, J. Y. Wang, Y. C. Lu, Y. W. Kiang, C. C. Yang, and Y. J. Yang, “Polarization dependent coupling of surface plasmon on a one-dimensional Ag grating with an InGaN/GaN dual-quantum-well structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 013108 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. C. Lu, C. Y. Chen, D. M. Yeh, C. F. Huang, T. Y. Tang, J. J. Huang, and C. C. Yang, “Temperature dependence of the surface plasmon coupling with an InGaN/GaN quantum well,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 193103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. M. Yeh, C. F. Huang, C. Y. Chen, Y. C. Lu, and C. C. Yang, “Surface plasmon coupling effect in an InGaN/GaN single-quantum-well light-emitting diode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 171103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Y. Chen, Y. C. Lu, D. M. Yeh, and C. C. Yang, “Influence of the quantum-confined Stark effect in an InGaN/GaN quantum well on its coupling with surface plasmon for light emission enhancement,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 183114 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Maier, S. A.

S. A. Maier, Plasmonics: Fundamentals and Applications (Springer, 2007).

Maltezos, G.

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Shvartser, G. Maltezos, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, Y. Kawakami, and A. Scherer, “Surface plasmon enhanced bright light emission from InGaN/GaN,” Phys. Status Solidi A 204, 2103-2107 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Martín-Moreno, L.

F. López-Tejeira, S. G. Rodrigo, L. Martín-Moreno, F. J. García-Vidal, E. Devaux, T. W. Ebbesen, J. R. Krenn, I. P. Radko, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, M. U. González, J. C. Weeber, and A. Dereux, “Efficient unidirectional nanoslit couplers for surface plasmons,” Nat. Phys. 3, 324-328 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Mukai, T.

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Shvartser, G. Maltezos, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, Y. Kawakami, and A. Scherer, “Surface plasmon enhanced bright light emission from InGaN/GaN,” Phys. Status Solidi A 204, 2103-2107 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Scherer, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and Y. Kawakami, “Surface plasmon enhanced spontaneous emission rate of InGaN/GaN quantum wells probed by time-resolved photoluminescence spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 071102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Shvartser, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and A. Scherer, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light emitters based on InGaN quantum wells,” Nature Mater. 3, 601-605 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Narukawa, Y.

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Shvartser, G. Maltezos, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, Y. Kawakami, and A. Scherer, “Surface plasmon enhanced bright light emission from InGaN/GaN,” Phys. Status Solidi A 204, 2103-2107 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Scherer, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and Y. Kawakami, “Surface plasmon enhanced spontaneous emission rate of InGaN/GaN quantum wells probed by time-resolved photoluminescence spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 071102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Shvartser, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and A. Scherer, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light emitters based on InGaN quantum wells,” Nature Mater. 3, 601-605 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Niki, I.

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Shvartser, G. Maltezos, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, Y. Kawakami, and A. Scherer, “Surface plasmon enhanced bright light emission from InGaN/GaN,” Phys. Status Solidi A 204, 2103-2107 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Scherer, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and Y. Kawakami, “Surface plasmon enhanced spontaneous emission rate of InGaN/GaN quantum wells probed by time-resolved photoluminescence spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 071102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Shvartser, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and A. Scherer, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light emitters based on InGaN quantum wells,” Nature Mater. 3, 601-605 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Okamoto, K.

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Shvartser, G. Maltezos, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, Y. Kawakami, and A. Scherer, “Surface plasmon enhanced bright light emission from InGaN/GaN,” Phys. Status Solidi A 204, 2103-2107 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Scherer, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and Y. Kawakami, “Surface plasmon enhanced spontaneous emission rate of InGaN/GaN quantum wells probed by time-resolved photoluminescence spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 071102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Shvartser, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and A. Scherer, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light emitters based on InGaN quantum wells,” Nature Mater. 3, 601-605 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Paiella, R.

R. Paiella, “Tunable surface plasmons in coupled metallo-dielectric multiple layers for light-emission efficiency enhancement,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 111104 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Radko, I. P.

F. López-Tejeira, S. G. Rodrigo, L. Martín-Moreno, F. J. García-Vidal, E. Devaux, T. W. Ebbesen, J. R. Krenn, I. P. Radko, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, M. U. González, J. C. Weeber, and A. Dereux, “Efficient unidirectional nanoslit couplers for surface plasmons,” Nat. Phys. 3, 324-328 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Rodrigo, S. G.

F. López-Tejeira, S. G. Rodrigo, L. Martín-Moreno, F. J. García-Vidal, E. Devaux, T. W. Ebbesen, J. R. Krenn, I. P. Radko, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, M. U. González, J. C. Weeber, and A. Dereux, “Efficient unidirectional nanoslit couplers for surface plasmons,” Nat. Phys. 3, 324-328 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Schaadt, D. M.

D. M. Schaadt, B. Feng, and E. T. Yu, “Enhanced semiconductor optical absorption via surface plasmon excitation in metal nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 063106 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Scherer, A.

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Shvartser, G. Maltezos, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, Y. Kawakami, and A. Scherer, “Surface plasmon enhanced bright light emission from InGaN/GaN,” Phys. Status Solidi A 204, 2103-2107 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Scherer, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and Y. Kawakami, “Surface plasmon enhanced spontaneous emission rate of InGaN/GaN quantum wells probed by time-resolved photoluminescence spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 071102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Shvartser, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and A. Scherer, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light emitters based on InGaN quantum wells,” Nature Mater. 3, 601-605 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Shen, K. C.

K. C. Shen, C. Y. Chen, C. F. Huang, J. Y. Wang, Y. C. Lu, Y. W. Kiang, C. C. Yang, and Y. J. Yang, “Polarization dependent coupling of surface plasmon on a one-dimensional Ag grating with an InGaN/GaN dual-quantum-well structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 013108 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Shvartser, A.

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Shvartser, G. Maltezos, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, Y. Kawakami, and A. Scherer, “Surface plasmon enhanced bright light emission from InGaN/GaN,” Phys. Status Solidi A 204, 2103-2107 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Shvartser, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and A. Scherer, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light emitters based on InGaN quantum wells,” Nature Mater. 3, 601-605 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Soref, R. A.

G. Sun, J. B. Khurgin, and R. A. Soref, “Practicable enhancement of spontaneous emission using surface plasmons,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 111107 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sugawara, Y.

T. V. Teperik, F. J. García de Abajo, A. G. Borisov, M. Abdelsalam, P. N. Bartlett, Y. Sugawara, and J. J. Baumberg, “Omnidirectional absorption in nanostructured metal surfaces,” Nat. Photonics 2, 299-301 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sun, G.

G. Sun, J. B. Khurgin, and R. A. Soref, “Practicable enhancement of spontaneous emission using surface plasmons,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 111107 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tang, T. Y.

Y. C. Lu, C. Y. Chen, D. M. Yeh, C. F. Huang, T. Y. Tang, J. J. Huang, and C. C. Yang, “Temperature dependence of the surface plasmon coupling with an InGaN/GaN quantum well,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 193103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Teperik, T. V.

T. V. Teperik, F. J. García de Abajo, A. G. Borisov, M. Abdelsalam, P. N. Bartlett, Y. Sugawara, and J. J. Baumberg, “Omnidirectional absorption in nanostructured metal surfaces,” Nat. Photonics 2, 299-301 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J. Y.

W. H. Chuang, J. Y. Wang, and C. C. Yang, and Y. W. Kiang, “Differentiating the contributions between localized surface plasmon and surface plasmon polariton on a one-dimensional metal grating in coupling with a light emitter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 133115 (2008).
[CrossRef]

W. H. Chuang, J. Y. Wang, C. C. Yang, and Y. W. Kiang, “Quantum efficiency enhancement of a light-emitting diode based on surface plasmon coupling with a quantum well,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20, 1339-1341 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. C. Shen, C. Y. Chen, C. F. Huang, J. Y. Wang, Y. C. Lu, Y. W. Kiang, C. C. Yang, and Y. J. Yang, “Polarization dependent coupling of surface plasmon on a one-dimensional Ag grating with an InGaN/GaN dual-quantum-well structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 013108 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Y. Wang, C. C. Yang, and Y. W. Kiang, “Numerical study on surface plasmon polariton behaviors in periodic metal-dielectric structures using a plane-wave-assisted boundary integral-equation method,” Opt. Express 15, 9048-9062 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Weeber, J. C.

F. López-Tejeira, S. G. Rodrigo, L. Martín-Moreno, F. J. García-Vidal, E. Devaux, T. W. Ebbesen, J. R. Krenn, I. P. Radko, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, M. U. González, J. C. Weeber, and A. Dereux, “Efficient unidirectional nanoslit couplers for surface plasmons,” Nat. Phys. 3, 324-328 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wooten, F.

F. Wooten, Optical Properties of Solids (Academic, 1972).

Yablonovitch, E.

I. Gontijo, M. Boroditsky, and E. Yablonovitch, “Coupling of InGaN quantum-well photoluminescence to silver surface plasmons,” Phys. Rev. B 60, 11564-11567 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Yang, C. C.

K. C. Shen, C. Y. Chen, C. F. Huang, J. Y. Wang, Y. C. Lu, Y. W. Kiang, C. C. Yang, and Y. J. Yang, “Polarization dependent coupling of surface plasmon on a one-dimensional Ag grating with an InGaN/GaN dual-quantum-well structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 013108 (2008).
[CrossRef]

W. H. Chuang, J. Y. Wang, C. C. Yang, and Y. W. Kiang, “Quantum efficiency enhancement of a light-emitting diode based on surface plasmon coupling with a quantum well,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20, 1339-1341 (2008).
[CrossRef]

W. H. Chuang, J. Y. Wang, and C. C. Yang, and Y. W. Kiang, “Differentiating the contributions between localized surface plasmon and surface plasmon polariton on a one-dimensional metal grating in coupling with a light emitter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 133115 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. M. Yeh, C. F. Huang, C. Y. Chen, Y. C. Lu, and C. C. Yang, “Localized surface plasmon-induced emission enhancement of a green light-emitting diode,” Nanotechnology 19, 345201 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. M. Yeh, C. F. Huang, C. Y. Chen, Y. C. Lu, and C. C. Yang, “Surface plasmon coupling effect in an InGaN/GaN single-quantum-well light-emitting diode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 171103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. C. Lu, C. Y. Chen, D. M. Yeh, C. F. Huang, T. Y. Tang, J. J. Huang, and C. C. Yang, “Temperature dependence of the surface plasmon coupling with an InGaN/GaN quantum well,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 193103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Y. Chen, Y. C. Lu, D. M. Yeh, and C. C. Yang, “Influence of the quantum-confined Stark effect in an InGaN/GaN quantum well on its coupling with surface plasmon for light emission enhancement,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 183114 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Y. Wang, C. C. Yang, and Y. W. Kiang, “Numerical study on surface plasmon polariton behaviors in periodic metal-dielectric structures using a plane-wave-assisted boundary integral-equation method,” Opt. Express 15, 9048-9062 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yang, Y. J.

K. C. Shen, C. Y. Chen, C. F. Huang, J. Y. Wang, Y. C. Lu, Y. W. Kiang, C. C. Yang, and Y. J. Yang, “Polarization dependent coupling of surface plasmon on a one-dimensional Ag grating with an InGaN/GaN dual-quantum-well structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 013108 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yeh, D. M.

D. M. Yeh, C. F. Huang, C. Y. Chen, Y. C. Lu, and C. C. Yang, “Localized surface plasmon-induced emission enhancement of a green light-emitting diode,” Nanotechnology 19, 345201 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. M. Yeh, C. F. Huang, C. Y. Chen, Y. C. Lu, and C. C. Yang, “Surface plasmon coupling effect in an InGaN/GaN single-quantum-well light-emitting diode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 171103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Y. Chen, Y. C. Lu, D. M. Yeh, and C. C. Yang, “Influence of the quantum-confined Stark effect in an InGaN/GaN quantum well on its coupling with surface plasmon for light emission enhancement,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 183114 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. C. Lu, C. Y. Chen, D. M. Yeh, C. F. Huang, T. Y. Tang, J. J. Huang, and C. C. Yang, “Temperature dependence of the surface plasmon coupling with an InGaN/GaN quantum well,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 193103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yu, E. T.

D. M. Schaadt, B. Feng, and E. T. Yu, “Enhanced semiconductor optical absorption via surface plasmon excitation in metal nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 063106 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (9)

R. Paiella, “Tunable surface plasmons in coupled metallo-dielectric multiple layers for light-emission efficiency enhancement,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 111104 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. M. Schaadt, B. Feng, and E. T. Yu, “Enhanced semiconductor optical absorption via surface plasmon excitation in metal nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 063106 (2005).
[CrossRef]

G. Sun, J. B. Khurgin, and R. A. Soref, “Practicable enhancement of spontaneous emission using surface plasmons,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 111107 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. C. Shen, C. Y. Chen, C. F. Huang, J. Y. Wang, Y. C. Lu, Y. W. Kiang, C. C. Yang, and Y. J. Yang, “Polarization dependent coupling of surface plasmon on a one-dimensional Ag grating with an InGaN/GaN dual-quantum-well structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 013108 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Scherer, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and Y. Kawakami, “Surface plasmon enhanced spontaneous emission rate of InGaN/GaN quantum wells probed by time-resolved photoluminescence spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 071102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. Y. Chen, Y. C. Lu, D. M. Yeh, and C. C. Yang, “Influence of the quantum-confined Stark effect in an InGaN/GaN quantum well on its coupling with surface plasmon for light emission enhancement,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 183114 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. C. Lu, C. Y. Chen, D. M. Yeh, C. F. Huang, T. Y. Tang, J. J. Huang, and C. C. Yang, “Temperature dependence of the surface plasmon coupling with an InGaN/GaN quantum well,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 193103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. M. Yeh, C. F. Huang, C. Y. Chen, Y. C. Lu, and C. C. Yang, “Surface plasmon coupling effect in an InGaN/GaN single-quantum-well light-emitting diode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 171103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

W. H. Chuang, J. Y. Wang, and C. C. Yang, and Y. W. Kiang, “Differentiating the contributions between localized surface plasmon and surface plasmon polariton on a one-dimensional metal grating in coupling with a light emitter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 133115 (2008).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (1)

W. H. Chuang, J. Y. Wang, C. C. Yang, and Y. W. Kiang, “Quantum efficiency enhancement of a light-emitting diode based on surface plasmon coupling with a quantum well,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20, 1339-1341 (2008).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. (1)

K. M. Chen, “A mathematical formulation of the equivalence principle,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 37, 1576-1581 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Nanotechnology (1)

D. M. Yeh, C. F. Huang, C. Y. Chen, Y. C. Lu, and C. C. Yang, “Localized surface plasmon-induced emission enhancement of a green light-emitting diode,” Nanotechnology 19, 345201 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nat. Photonics (1)

T. V. Teperik, F. J. García de Abajo, A. G. Borisov, M. Abdelsalam, P. N. Bartlett, Y. Sugawara, and J. J. Baumberg, “Omnidirectional absorption in nanostructured metal surfaces,” Nat. Photonics 2, 299-301 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Phys. (1)

F. López-Tejeira, S. G. Rodrigo, L. Martín-Moreno, F. J. García-Vidal, E. Devaux, T. W. Ebbesen, J. R. Krenn, I. P. Radko, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, M. U. González, J. C. Weeber, and A. Dereux, “Efficient unidirectional nanoslit couplers for surface plasmons,” Nat. Phys. 3, 324-328 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nature Mater. (1)

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Shvartser, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and A. Scherer, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light emitters based on InGaN quantum wells,” Nature Mater. 3, 601-605 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

I. Gontijo, M. Boroditsky, and E. Yablonovitch, “Coupling of InGaN quantum-well photoluminescence to silver surface plasmons,” Phys. Rev. B 60, 11564-11567 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

Q. Gan, Z. Fu, Y. J. Ding, and F. J. Bartoli, “Ultrawide-bandwidth slow-light system based on THz plasmonic graded metallic grating structures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 256803 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Status Solidi A (1)

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Shvartser, G. Maltezos, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, Y. Kawakami, and A. Scherer, “Surface plasmon enhanced bright light emission from InGaN/GaN,” Phys. Status Solidi A 204, 2103-2107 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

S. A. Maier, Plasmonics: Fundamentals and Applications (Springer, 2007).

C. A. Balanis, Advanced Engineering Electromagnetics (Wiley, 1989).

F. Wooten, Optical Properties of Solids (Academic, 1972).

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Problem geometry showing a two-grating-interface air/Ag/dielectric structure. The separation between the two in-phase grating interfaces is represented by H, which is the distance between the two crests. Two dipole positions, p1 and p2, are located at the coordinates of (0, 20 nm ) and ( 40 nm , 20 nm ), respectively.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Dipole radiation powers as functions of wavelength of the dipole at p1 with various Ag film thicknesses. Curves H01, H05, H10, H20, and H30 correspond to the cases of H = 1 , 5, 10, 20, and 30 nm , respectively. The SPP(p), SPP(d), and LSP features are marked by the vertical continuous, dashed, and dotted lines, respectively.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Dispersion curves of the grating structure in Fig. 1 for the cases of (a) H30 and (b) H10. The SPP and LS P coupling features are marked by arrows.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Dipole radiation power spectra of a single-groove (SG), a double-groove (DG), and a grating (GR) air/Ag/dielectric structure for the case of H = 30 nm to assist in the identifications of the SPP and LSP features. The field magnitude distributions of the feature indicated by the arrow around 700 nm for the GR, DG, and SG configurations are shown in parts (b), (c), and (d), respectively.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Dipole radiation power spectra of a single-groove (SG), a double-groove (DG), and a grating (GR) air/Ag/dielectric structure for the case of H = 10 nm to assist in the identifications of the SPP and LSP features. The field magnitude distributions of the feature indicated by the arrow around 460 nm for the GR, DG, and SG configurations are shown in parts (b), (c), and (d), respectively.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(a) Bottom and (b) top emission spectra under the conditions of various H values when the dipole is located at p1.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Four sets of field magnitude [(a), (c), (e), and (g)] and phase [(b), (d), (f), and (h)] distributions of the features labeled by A–D in Figs. 2, 6a.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

(a) Similar to Fig. 2, except that the dipole is moved from position p1 to p2; (b) similar to Fig. 6a, except that the dipole is moved from position p1 to p2; (c) similar to Fig. 6b, except that the dipole is moved from position p1 to p2.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Two sets of field magnitude [(a) and (c)] and phase [(b) and (d)] distributions of features A and B labeled in Figs. 8a, 8b.

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