Abstract

We calculate the coincidence count probabilities when the photon pairs entangled in orbital angular momentum generated via spontaneous parametric downconversion are measured by using holograms with an m-fold dislocation, considering the nonzero crystal length. We find that the coincidence probabilities related to azimuthal changes in hologram positions deviate significantly from a sinusoidal curve, which has often been assumed in simple analyses. It is found that the main cause of this effect is the high-dimensional entanglement in Laguerre–Gaussian modes. We also find that the crystal length causes the hologram positions to change for the maximum coincidence probabilities.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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