Abstract

Background-free third-order harmonic generation is observed from dynamic gratings induced by dual laser filaments in argon gas. The filaments were generated by focusing two intense 60fs laser pulses noncollinearly into a gas cell. The optimal result is achieved with gas pressure of 2atm and zero relative delay. It seems that the off-axis third-harmonic generation is mainly due to the interaction between the two interfering fundamental pulses and their filaments.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]

2007 (3)

2006 (1)

L. Min, L. Wenxue, H. Wanyue, W. Eryu, and D. Liang en, “Studies on 5 TW/40 fs table-top Ti:sapphire laser system,” Acta Opt. Sin. 26, 81-85 (2006) (in Chinese).

2005 (3)

A. Saliminia, S. L. Chin, and R. Vallée, “Ultra-broad and coherent white light generation in silica glass by focused femtosecond pulses at 1.5 μm,” Opt. Express 13, 5731-5738 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Bergé, S. Skupin, G. Méjean, J. Kasparian, J. Yu, S. Frey, E. Salmon, and J. P. Wolf, “Supercontinuum emission and enhanced self-guiding of infrared femtosecond filaments sustained by third-harmonic generation in air,” Phys. Rev. E 71, 016602, 1-13 (2005).
[CrossRef]

N. Kortsalioudakis, M. Tatarakis, N. Vakakis, S. D. Moustaizis, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, N. A. Apadogiannis, A. Couairon, and S. Tzortzakis, “Enhanced harmonic conversion efficiency in the self-guided propagation of femtosecond ultraviolet laser pulses in argon,” Appl. Phys. B 80, 211-214 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (3)

W. Liu, S. A. Hosseini, Q. Luo, B. Ferland, S. L. Chin, O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, and V. P. Kandidov, “Experimental observation and simulations of the self-action of white light laser pulse propagating in air,” New J. Phys. 6, 1-22 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Trippenbach, M. Matuszewski, E. Infeld, C. Long Van, R. S. Tasgal, and Y. B. Band, “Enhancement of third harmonic generation by wave vector mismatch to counter phase-modulation,” Opt. Commun. 229, 391-395 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. A. Pitts, T. S. Luk, J. K. Gruetzner, T. R. Nelson, A. McPherson, S. M. Cameron, and A. C. Bernstein, “Propagation of self-focusing laser pulses in atmosphere: experiment versus numerical simulation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21, 2008-2016 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (2)

A. C. Bernstein, J. C. Diels, T. S. Luk, T. R. Nelson, A. McPherson, and S. M. Cameron, “Time-resolved measurements of self-focusing pulses in air,” Opt. Lett. 28, 2354-2356 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Yang, J. Zhang, J. Zhang, L. Z. Zhao, Y. J. Li, H. Teng, Y. T. Li, Z. H. Wang, Z. L. Chen, Z. Y. Wei, J. X. Ma, W. Yu, and Z. M. Sheng, “Third-order harmonic generation by self-guided femtosecond pulses in air,” Phys. Rev. E 67, 015401 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

P. Sprangle, J. R. Peñano, and B. Hafizi, “Propagation of intense short laser pulses in the atmosphere,” Phys. Rev. E 66, 046418, 1-21 (2002).
[CrossRef]

N. Aközbek, A. Iwasaki, A. Becker, M. Scalora, S. L. Chin, and C. M. Bowden, “Third-harmonic generation and self-channeling in air using high-power femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 143901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001 (1)

Z. Chang-Jun, Q. Yuan-Dong, Y. Hong, W. Shu-Feng, and G. Qi-Huang, “Third-order harmonic generation in atmospheric air with focused intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 18, 57-59 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

A. B. Fedotov, A. N. Naumov, V. P. Silin, S. A. Uryupin, A. M. Zheltikov, A. P. Tarasevitch, and D. von der Linde, “Third-harmonic generation in a laser-pre-excited gas: the role of excited-state neutrals,” Phys. Lett. A 271, 407-412 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

H. R. Lange, A. Chiron, J.-F. Ripoche, A. Mysyrowicz, P. Breger, and P. Agostini, “High-order harmonic generation and quasiphase matching in Xenon using self-guided femtosecond pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 1611-1613 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (4)

A. Brodeur, C. Y. Chien, F. A. Ilkov, S. L. Chin, O. G. Kosareva, and V. P. Kandidov, “Moving focus in the propagation of ultrashort laser pulses in air,” Opt. Lett. 22, 304-306 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. G. Kosareva, V. P. Kandidov, A. Brodeur, C. Y. Chien, and S. L. Chin, “Conical emission from laser-plasma interactions in the filamentation of powerful ultrashort laser pulses in air,” Opt. Lett. 22, 1332-1334 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Z. Chang, A. Rundquist, H. Wang, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Generation of coherent soft X rays at 2.7 nm using high harmonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 2967-2970 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J.-F. Ripoche, G. Grillon, B. Prade, M. Franco, E. Nibbering, R. Lange, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Determination of the time dependence of n2 in air,” Opt. Commun. 135, 310-314 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (2)

1995 (1)

1964 (1)

Agostini, P.

H. R. Lange, A. Chiron, J.-F. Ripoche, A. Mysyrowicz, P. Breger, and P. Agostini, “High-order harmonic generation and quasiphase matching in Xenon using self-guided femtosecond pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 1611-1613 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Aközbek, N.

N. Aközbek, A. Iwasaki, A. Becker, M. Scalora, S. L. Chin, and C. M. Bowden, “Third-harmonic generation and self-channeling in air using high-power femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 143901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Apadogiannis, N. A.

N. Kortsalioudakis, M. Tatarakis, N. Vakakis, S. D. Moustaizis, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, N. A. Apadogiannis, A. Couairon, and S. Tzortzakis, “Enhanced harmonic conversion efficiency in the self-guided propagation of femtosecond ultraviolet laser pulses in argon,” Appl. Phys. B 80, 211-214 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Band, Y. B.

M. Trippenbach, M. Matuszewski, E. Infeld, C. Long Van, R. S. Tasgal, and Y. B. Band, “Enhancement of third harmonic generation by wave vector mismatch to counter phase-modulation,” Opt. Commun. 229, 391-395 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Becker, A.

N. Aközbek, A. Iwasaki, A. Becker, M. Scalora, S. L. Chin, and C. M. Bowden, “Third-harmonic generation and self-channeling in air using high-power femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 143901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bergé, L.

L. Bergé, S. Skupin, G. Méjean, J. Kasparian, J. Yu, S. Frey, E. Salmon, and J. P. Wolf, “Supercontinuum emission and enhanced self-guiding of infrared femtosecond filaments sustained by third-harmonic generation in air,” Phys. Rev. E 71, 016602, 1-13 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Bernstein, A. C.

Birulin, A. V.

A. V. Birulin, V. T. Platonenko, and V. V. Strelkov, “High-harmonic generation in interfering waves,” JETP 83, 32-38 (1996).

Bowden, C. M.

N. Aközbek, A. Iwasaki, A. Becker, M. Scalora, S. L. Chin, and C. M. Bowden, “Third-harmonic generation and self-channeling in air using high-power femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 143901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Braun, A.

Breger, P.

H. R. Lange, A. Chiron, J.-F. Ripoche, A. Mysyrowicz, P. Breger, and P. Agostini, “High-order harmonic generation and quasiphase matching in Xenon using self-guided femtosecond pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 1611-1613 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Brodeur, A.

Cameron, S. M.

Chang, Z.

Z. Chang, A. Rundquist, H. Wang, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Generation of coherent soft X rays at 2.7 nm using high harmonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 2967-2970 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Chang-Jun, Z.

Z. Chang-Jun, Q. Yuan-Dong, Y. Hong, W. Shu-Feng, and G. Qi-Huang, “Third-order harmonic generation in atmospheric air with focused intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 18, 57-59 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Chen, S.-Y.

Chen, Y.-M.

Chen, Z. L.

H. Yang, J. Zhang, J. Zhang, L. Z. Zhao, Y. J. Li, H. Teng, Y. T. Li, Z. H. Wang, Z. L. Chen, Z. Y. Wei, J. X. Ma, W. Yu, and Z. M. Sheng, “Third-order harmonic generation by self-guided femtosecond pulses in air,” Phys. Rev. E 67, 015401 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chien, C. Y.

Chin, S. L.

A. Saliminia, S. L. Chin, and R. Vallée, “Ultra-broad and coherent white light generation in silica glass by focused femtosecond pulses at 1.5 μm,” Opt. Express 13, 5731-5738 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Liu, S. A. Hosseini, Q. Luo, B. Ferland, S. L. Chin, O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, and V. P. Kandidov, “Experimental observation and simulations of the self-action of white light laser pulse propagating in air,” New J. Phys. 6, 1-22 (2004).
[CrossRef]

N. Aközbek, A. Iwasaki, A. Becker, M. Scalora, S. L. Chin, and C. M. Bowden, “Third-harmonic generation and self-channeling in air using high-power femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 143901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Brodeur, C. Y. Chien, F. A. Ilkov, S. L. Chin, O. G. Kosareva, and V. P. Kandidov, “Moving focus in the propagation of ultrashort laser pulses in air,” Opt. Lett. 22, 304-306 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. G. Kosareva, V. P. Kandidov, A. Brodeur, C. Y. Chien, and S. L. Chin, “Conical emission from laser-plasma interactions in the filamentation of powerful ultrashort laser pulses in air,” Opt. Lett. 22, 1332-1334 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Chiron, A.

H. R. Lange, A. Chiron, J.-F. Ripoche, A. Mysyrowicz, P. Breger, and P. Agostini, “High-order harmonic generation and quasiphase matching in Xenon using self-guided femtosecond pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 1611-1613 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Couairon, A.

N. Kortsalioudakis, M. Tatarakis, N. Vakakis, S. D. Moustaizis, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, N. A. Apadogiannis, A. Couairon, and S. Tzortzakis, “Enhanced harmonic conversion efficiency in the self-guided propagation of femtosecond ultraviolet laser pulses in argon,” Appl. Phys. B 80, 211-214 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Curley, P. F.

Diels, J. C.

Du, D.

Eryu, W.

H. Wanyue, W. Eryu, L. Wenxue, and D. Liang'en, “Aberration-free stretcher based on concentric diffraction for sub-10 fs pulses,” Acta Opt. Sin. 27, 181-186 (2007) (in Chinese).

L. Min, L. Wenxue, H. Wanyue, W. Eryu, and D. Liang en, “Studies on 5 TW/40 fs table-top Ti:sapphire laser system,” Acta Opt. Sin. 26, 81-85 (2006) (in Chinese).

Fedotov, A. B.

A. B. Fedotov, A. N. Naumov, V. P. Silin, S. A. Uryupin, A. M. Zheltikov, A. P. Tarasevitch, and D. von der Linde, “Third-harmonic generation in a laser-pre-excited gas: the role of excited-state neutrals,” Phys. Lett. A 271, 407-412 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ferland, B.

W. Liu, S. A. Hosseini, Q. Luo, B. Ferland, S. L. Chin, O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, and V. P. Kandidov, “Experimental observation and simulations of the self-action of white light laser pulse propagating in air,” New J. Phys. 6, 1-22 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Fischer, D. J.

Franco, M.

N. Kortsalioudakis, M. Tatarakis, N. Vakakis, S. D. Moustaizis, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, N. A. Apadogiannis, A. Couairon, and S. Tzortzakis, “Enhanced harmonic conversion efficiency in the self-guided propagation of femtosecond ultraviolet laser pulses in argon,” Appl. Phys. B 80, 211-214 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J.-F. Ripoche, G. Grillon, B. Prade, M. Franco, E. Nibbering, R. Lange, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Determination of the time dependence of n2 in air,” Opt. Commun. 135, 310-314 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Franco, M. A.

Frey, S.

L. Bergé, S. Skupin, G. Méjean, J. Kasparian, J. Yu, S. Frey, E. Salmon, and J. P. Wolf, “Supercontinuum emission and enhanced self-guiding of infrared femtosecond filaments sustained by third-harmonic generation in air,” Phys. Rev. E 71, 016602, 1-13 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Grillon, G.

J.-F. Ripoche, G. Grillon, B. Prade, M. Franco, E. Nibbering, R. Lange, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Determination of the time dependence of n2 in air,” Opt. Commun. 135, 310-314 (1997).
[CrossRef]

E. T. J. Nibbering, P. F. Curley, G. Grillon, B. S. Prade, M. A. Franco, F. Salin, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Conical emission from self-guided femtosecond pulses in air,” Opt. Lett. 21, 62-64 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gruetzner, J. K.

Hafizi, B.

P. Sprangle, J. R. Peñano, and B. Hafizi, “Propagation of intense short laser pulses in the atmosphere,” Phys. Rev. E 66, 046418, 1-21 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hong, Y.

Z. Chang-Jun, Q. Yuan-Dong, Y. Hong, W. Shu-Feng, and G. Qi-Huang, “Third-order harmonic generation in atmospheric air with focused intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 18, 57-59 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Hosseini, S. A.

W. Liu, S. A. Hosseini, Q. Luo, B. Ferland, S. L. Chin, O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, and V. P. Kandidov, “Experimental observation and simulations of the self-action of white light laser pulse propagating in air,” New J. Phys. 6, 1-22 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hsieh, Y.-H.

Hsu, M.-Y.

Ilkov, F. A.

Infeld, E.

M. Trippenbach, M. Matuszewski, E. Infeld, C. Long Van, R. S. Tasgal, and Y. B. Band, “Enhancement of third harmonic generation by wave vector mismatch to counter phase-modulation,” Opt. Commun. 229, 391-395 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Iwasaki, A.

N. Aközbek, A. Iwasaki, A. Becker, M. Scalora, S. L. Chin, and C. M. Bowden, “Third-harmonic generation and self-channeling in air using high-power femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 143901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kandidov, V. P.

Kapteyn, H. C.

Z. Chang, A. Rundquist, H. Wang, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Generation of coherent soft X rays at 2.7 nm using high harmonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 2967-2970 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kasparian, J.

L. Bergé, S. Skupin, G. Méjean, J. Kasparian, J. Yu, S. Frey, E. Salmon, and J. P. Wolf, “Supercontinuum emission and enhanced self-guiding of infrared femtosecond filaments sustained by third-harmonic generation in air,” Phys. Rev. E 71, 016602, 1-13 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Korn, G.

Kortsalioudakis, N.

N. Kortsalioudakis, M. Tatarakis, N. Vakakis, S. D. Moustaizis, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, N. A. Apadogiannis, A. Couairon, and S. Tzortzakis, “Enhanced harmonic conversion efficiency in the self-guided propagation of femtosecond ultraviolet laser pulses in argon,” Appl. Phys. B 80, 211-214 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kosareva, O. G.

Lange, H. R.

H. R. Lange, A. Chiron, J.-F. Ripoche, A. Mysyrowicz, P. Breger, and P. Agostini, “High-order harmonic generation and quasiphase matching in Xenon using self-guided femtosecond pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 1611-1613 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lange, R.

J.-F. Ripoche, G. Grillon, B. Prade, M. Franco, E. Nibbering, R. Lange, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Determination of the time dependence of n2 in air,” Opt. Commun. 135, 310-314 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Li, Y. J.

H. Yang, J. Zhang, J. Zhang, L. Z. Zhao, Y. J. Li, H. Teng, Y. T. Li, Z. H. Wang, Z. L. Chen, Z. Y. Wei, J. X. Ma, W. Yu, and Z. M. Sheng, “Third-order harmonic generation by self-guided femtosecond pulses in air,” Phys. Rev. E 67, 015401 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Li, Y. T.

H. Yang, J. Zhang, J. Zhang, L. Z. Zhao, Y. J. Li, H. Teng, Y. T. Li, Z. H. Wang, Z. L. Chen, Z. Y. Wei, J. X. Ma, W. Yu, and Z. M. Sheng, “Third-order harmonic generation by self-guided femtosecond pulses in air,” Phys. Rev. E 67, 015401 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Liang en, D.

L. Min, L. Wenxue, H. Wanyue, W. Eryu, and D. Liang en, “Studies on 5 TW/40 fs table-top Ti:sapphire laser system,” Acta Opt. Sin. 26, 81-85 (2006) (in Chinese).

Liang'en, D.

H. Wanyue, W. Eryu, L. Wenxue, and D. Liang'en, “Aberration-free stretcher based on concentric diffraction for sub-10 fs pulses,” Acta Opt. Sin. 27, 181-186 (2007) (in Chinese).

Lin, J.-Y.

Liu, W.

W. Liu, S. A. Hosseini, Q. Luo, B. Ferland, S. L. Chin, O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, and V. P. Kandidov, “Experimental observation and simulations of the self-action of white light laser pulse propagating in air,” New J. Phys. 6, 1-22 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Liu, X.

Long Van, C.

M. Trippenbach, M. Matuszewski, E. Infeld, C. Long Van, R. S. Tasgal, and Y. B. Band, “Enhancement of third harmonic generation by wave vector mismatch to counter phase-modulation,” Opt. Commun. 229, 391-395 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Luk, T. S.

Luo, Q.

W. Liu, S. A. Hosseini, Q. Luo, B. Ferland, S. L. Chin, O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, and V. P. Kandidov, “Experimental observation and simulations of the self-action of white light laser pulse propagating in air,” New J. Phys. 6, 1-22 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ma, J. X.

H. Yang, J. Zhang, J. Zhang, L. Z. Zhao, Y. J. Li, H. Teng, Y. T. Li, Z. H. Wang, Z. L. Chen, Z. Y. Wei, J. X. Ma, W. Yu, and Z. M. Sheng, “Third-order harmonic generation by self-guided femtosecond pulses in air,” Phys. Rev. E 67, 015401 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Mao, G.

Matuszewski, M.

M. Trippenbach, M. Matuszewski, E. Infeld, C. Long Van, R. S. Tasgal, and Y. B. Band, “Enhancement of third harmonic generation by wave vector mismatch to counter phase-modulation,” Opt. Commun. 229, 391-395 (2004).
[CrossRef]

McPherson, A.

Méjean, G.

L. Bergé, S. Skupin, G. Méjean, J. Kasparian, J. Yu, S. Frey, E. Salmon, and J. P. Wolf, “Supercontinuum emission and enhanced self-guiding of infrared femtosecond filaments sustained by third-harmonic generation in air,” Phys. Rev. E 71, 016602, 1-13 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Min, L.

L. Min, L. Wenxue, H. Wanyue, W. Eryu, and D. Liang en, “Studies on 5 TW/40 fs table-top Ti:sapphire laser system,” Acta Opt. Sin. 26, 81-85 (2006) (in Chinese).

Mourou, G.

Moustaizis, S. D.

N. Kortsalioudakis, M. Tatarakis, N. Vakakis, S. D. Moustaizis, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, N. A. Apadogiannis, A. Couairon, and S. Tzortzakis, “Enhanced harmonic conversion efficiency in the self-guided propagation of femtosecond ultraviolet laser pulses in argon,” Appl. Phys. B 80, 211-214 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Murnane, M. M.

Z. Chang, A. Rundquist, H. Wang, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Generation of coherent soft X rays at 2.7 nm using high harmonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 2967-2970 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Mysyrowicz, A.

N. Kortsalioudakis, M. Tatarakis, N. Vakakis, S. D. Moustaizis, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, N. A. Apadogiannis, A. Couairon, and S. Tzortzakis, “Enhanced harmonic conversion efficiency in the self-guided propagation of femtosecond ultraviolet laser pulses in argon,” Appl. Phys. B 80, 211-214 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. R. Lange, A. Chiron, J.-F. Ripoche, A. Mysyrowicz, P. Breger, and P. Agostini, “High-order harmonic generation and quasiphase matching in Xenon using self-guided femtosecond pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 1611-1613 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J.-F. Ripoche, G. Grillon, B. Prade, M. Franco, E. Nibbering, R. Lange, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Determination of the time dependence of n2 in air,” Opt. Commun. 135, 310-314 (1997).
[CrossRef]

E. T. J. Nibbering, P. F. Curley, G. Grillon, B. S. Prade, M. A. Franco, F. Salin, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Conical emission from self-guided femtosecond pulses in air,” Opt. Lett. 21, 62-64 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Naumov, A. N.

A. B. Fedotov, A. N. Naumov, V. P. Silin, S. A. Uryupin, A. M. Zheltikov, A. P. Tarasevitch, and D. von der Linde, “Third-harmonic generation in a laser-pre-excited gas: the role of excited-state neutrals,” Phys. Lett. A 271, 407-412 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Nelson, T. R.

Nibbering, E.

J.-F. Ripoche, G. Grillon, B. Prade, M. Franco, E. Nibbering, R. Lange, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Determination of the time dependence of n2 in air,” Opt. Commun. 135, 310-314 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Nibbering, E. T. J.

Panov, N. A.

W. Liu, S. A. Hosseini, Q. Luo, B. Ferland, S. L. Chin, O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, and V. P. Kandidov, “Experimental observation and simulations of the self-action of white light laser pulse propagating in air,” New J. Phys. 6, 1-22 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Peck, E. R.

Peñano, J. R.

P. Sprangle, J. R. Peñano, and B. Hafizi, “Propagation of intense short laser pulses in the atmosphere,” Phys. Rev. E 66, 046418, 1-21 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Pitts, T. A.

Platonenko, V. T.

A. V. Birulin, V. T. Platonenko, and V. V. Strelkov, “High-harmonic generation in interfering waves,” JETP 83, 32-38 (1996).

Prade, B.

N. Kortsalioudakis, M. Tatarakis, N. Vakakis, S. D. Moustaizis, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, N. A. Apadogiannis, A. Couairon, and S. Tzortzakis, “Enhanced harmonic conversion efficiency in the self-guided propagation of femtosecond ultraviolet laser pulses in argon,” Appl. Phys. B 80, 211-214 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J.-F. Ripoche, G. Grillon, B. Prade, M. Franco, E. Nibbering, R. Lange, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Determination of the time dependence of n2 in air,” Opt. Commun. 135, 310-314 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Prade, B. S.

Qi-Huang, G.

Z. Chang-Jun, Q. Yuan-Dong, Y. Hong, W. Shu-Feng, and G. Qi-Huang, “Third-order harmonic generation in atmospheric air with focused intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 18, 57-59 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ripoche, J.-F.

H. R. Lange, A. Chiron, J.-F. Ripoche, A. Mysyrowicz, P. Breger, and P. Agostini, “High-order harmonic generation and quasiphase matching in Xenon using self-guided femtosecond pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 1611-1613 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J.-F. Ripoche, G. Grillon, B. Prade, M. Franco, E. Nibbering, R. Lange, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Determination of the time dependence of n2 in air,” Opt. Commun. 135, 310-314 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Rundquist, A.

Z. Chang, A. Rundquist, H. Wang, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Generation of coherent soft X rays at 2.7 nm using high harmonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 2967-2970 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Saliminia, A.

Salin, F.

Salmon, E.

L. Bergé, S. Skupin, G. Méjean, J. Kasparian, J. Yu, S. Frey, E. Salmon, and J. P. Wolf, “Supercontinuum emission and enhanced self-guiding of infrared femtosecond filaments sustained by third-harmonic generation in air,” Phys. Rev. E 71, 016602, 1-13 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Scalora, M.

N. Aközbek, A. Iwasaki, A. Becker, M. Scalora, S. L. Chin, and C. M. Bowden, “Third-harmonic generation and self-channeling in air using high-power femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 143901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sheng, Z. M.

H. Yang, J. Zhang, J. Zhang, L. Z. Zhao, Y. J. Li, H. Teng, Y. T. Li, Z. H. Wang, Z. L. Chen, Z. Y. Wei, J. X. Ma, W. Yu, and Z. M. Sheng, “Third-order harmonic generation by self-guided femtosecond pulses in air,” Phys. Rev. E 67, 015401 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Shu-Feng, W.

Z. Chang-Jun, Q. Yuan-Dong, Y. Hong, W. Shu-Feng, and G. Qi-Huang, “Third-order harmonic generation in atmospheric air with focused intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 18, 57-59 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Silin, V. P.

A. B. Fedotov, A. N. Naumov, V. P. Silin, S. A. Uryupin, A. M. Zheltikov, A. P. Tarasevitch, and D. von der Linde, “Third-harmonic generation in a laser-pre-excited gas: the role of excited-state neutrals,” Phys. Lett. A 271, 407-412 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Singer, K. D.

Skupin, S.

L. Bergé, S. Skupin, G. Méjean, J. Kasparian, J. Yu, S. Frey, E. Salmon, and J. P. Wolf, “Supercontinuum emission and enhanced self-guiding of infrared femtosecond filaments sustained by third-harmonic generation in air,” Phys. Rev. E 71, 016602, 1-13 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sprangle, P.

P. Sprangle, J. R. Peñano, and B. Hafizi, “Propagation of intense short laser pulses in the atmosphere,” Phys. Rev. E 66, 046418, 1-21 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Squier, J.

Strelkov, V. V.

A. V. Birulin, V. T. Platonenko, and V. V. Strelkov, “High-harmonic generation in interfering waves,” JETP 83, 32-38 (1996).

Tarasevitch, A. P.

A. B. Fedotov, A. N. Naumov, V. P. Silin, S. A. Uryupin, A. M. Zheltikov, A. P. Tarasevitch, and D. von der Linde, “Third-harmonic generation in a laser-pre-excited gas: the role of excited-state neutrals,” Phys. Lett. A 271, 407-412 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Tasgal, R. S.

M. Trippenbach, M. Matuszewski, E. Infeld, C. Long Van, R. S. Tasgal, and Y. B. Band, “Enhancement of third harmonic generation by wave vector mismatch to counter phase-modulation,” Opt. Commun. 229, 391-395 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Tatarakis, M.

N. Kortsalioudakis, M. Tatarakis, N. Vakakis, S. D. Moustaizis, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, N. A. Apadogiannis, A. Couairon, and S. Tzortzakis, “Enhanced harmonic conversion efficiency in the self-guided propagation of femtosecond ultraviolet laser pulses in argon,” Appl. Phys. B 80, 211-214 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Teng, H.

H. Yang, J. Zhang, J. Zhang, L. Z. Zhao, Y. J. Li, H. Teng, Y. T. Li, Z. H. Wang, Z. L. Chen, Z. Y. Wei, J. X. Ma, W. Yu, and Z. M. Sheng, “Third-order harmonic generation by self-guided femtosecond pulses in air,” Phys. Rev. E 67, 015401 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Trippenbach, M.

M. Trippenbach, M. Matuszewski, E. Infeld, C. Long Van, R. S. Tasgal, and Y. B. Band, “Enhancement of third harmonic generation by wave vector mismatch to counter phase-modulation,” Opt. Commun. 229, 391-395 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Tzortzakis, S.

N. Kortsalioudakis, M. Tatarakis, N. Vakakis, S. D. Moustaizis, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, N. A. Apadogiannis, A. Couairon, and S. Tzortzakis, “Enhanced harmonic conversion efficiency in the self-guided propagation of femtosecond ultraviolet laser pulses in argon,” Appl. Phys. B 80, 211-214 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Uryupin, S. A.

A. B. Fedotov, A. N. Naumov, V. P. Silin, S. A. Uryupin, A. M. Zheltikov, A. P. Tarasevitch, and D. von der Linde, “Third-harmonic generation in a laser-pre-excited gas: the role of excited-state neutrals,” Phys. Lett. A 271, 407-412 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Vakakis, N.

N. Kortsalioudakis, M. Tatarakis, N. Vakakis, S. D. Moustaizis, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, N. A. Apadogiannis, A. Couairon, and S. Tzortzakis, “Enhanced harmonic conversion efficiency in the self-guided propagation of femtosecond ultraviolet laser pulses in argon,” Appl. Phys. B 80, 211-214 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Vallée, R.

von der Linde, D.

A. B. Fedotov, A. N. Naumov, V. P. Silin, S. A. Uryupin, A. M. Zheltikov, A. P. Tarasevitch, and D. von der Linde, “Third-harmonic generation in a laser-pre-excited gas: the role of excited-state neutrals,” Phys. Lett. A 271, 407-412 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Wang, H.

Z. Chang, A. Rundquist, H. Wang, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Generation of coherent soft X rays at 2.7 nm using high harmonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 2967-2970 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J.

Wang, Z. H.

H. Yang, J. Zhang, J. Zhang, L. Z. Zhao, Y. J. Li, H. Teng, Y. T. Li, Z. H. Wang, Z. L. Chen, Z. Y. Wei, J. X. Ma, W. Yu, and Z. M. Sheng, “Third-order harmonic generation by self-guided femtosecond pulses in air,” Phys. Rev. E 67, 015401 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wanyue, H.

H. Wanyue, W. Eryu, L. Wenxue, and D. Liang'en, “Aberration-free stretcher based on concentric diffraction for sub-10 fs pulses,” Acta Opt. Sin. 27, 181-186 (2007) (in Chinese).

L. Min, L. Wenxue, H. Wanyue, W. Eryu, and D. Liang en, “Studies on 5 TW/40 fs table-top Ti:sapphire laser system,” Acta Opt. Sin. 26, 81-85 (2006) (in Chinese).

Wei, Z. Y.

H. Yang, J. Zhang, J. Zhang, L. Z. Zhao, Y. J. Li, H. Teng, Y. T. Li, Z. H. Wang, Z. L. Chen, Z. Y. Wei, J. X. Ma, W. Yu, and Z. M. Sheng, “Third-order harmonic generation by self-guided femtosecond pulses in air,” Phys. Rev. E 67, 015401 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wenxue, L.

H. Wanyue, W. Eryu, L. Wenxue, and D. Liang'en, “Aberration-free stretcher based on concentric diffraction for sub-10 fs pulses,” Acta Opt. Sin. 27, 181-186 (2007) (in Chinese).

L. Min, L. Wenxue, H. Wanyue, W. Eryu, and D. Liang en, “Studies on 5 TW/40 fs table-top Ti:sapphire laser system,” Acta Opt. Sin. 26, 81-85 (2006) (in Chinese).

Wolf, J. P.

L. Bergé, S. Skupin, G. Méjean, J. Kasparian, J. Yu, S. Frey, E. Salmon, and J. P. Wolf, “Supercontinuum emission and enhanced self-guiding of infrared femtosecond filaments sustained by third-harmonic generation in air,” Phys. Rev. E 71, 016602, 1-13 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wu, Y.

Yang, H.

H. Yang, J. Zhang, J. Zhang, L. Z. Zhao, Y. J. Li, H. Teng, Y. T. Li, Z. H. Wang, Z. L. Chen, Z. Y. Wei, J. X. Ma, W. Yu, and Z. M. Sheng, “Third-order harmonic generation by self-guided femtosecond pulses in air,” Phys. Rev. E 67, 015401 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Yu, J.

L. Bergé, S. Skupin, G. Méjean, J. Kasparian, J. Yu, S. Frey, E. Salmon, and J. P. Wolf, “Supercontinuum emission and enhanced self-guiding of infrared femtosecond filaments sustained by third-harmonic generation in air,” Phys. Rev. E 71, 016602, 1-13 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yu, W.

H. Yang, J. Zhang, J. Zhang, L. Z. Zhao, Y. J. Li, H. Teng, Y. T. Li, Z. H. Wang, Z. L. Chen, Z. Y. Wei, J. X. Ma, W. Yu, and Z. M. Sheng, “Third-order harmonic generation by self-guided femtosecond pulses in air,” Phys. Rev. E 67, 015401 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Yuan-Dong, Q.

Z. Chang-Jun, Q. Yuan-Dong, Y. Hong, W. Shu-Feng, and G. Qi-Huang, “Third-order harmonic generation in atmospheric air with focused intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 18, 57-59 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, J.

H. Yang, J. Zhang, J. Zhang, L. Z. Zhao, Y. J. Li, H. Teng, Y. T. Li, Z. H. Wang, Z. L. Chen, Z. Y. Wei, J. X. Ma, W. Yu, and Z. M. Sheng, “Third-order harmonic generation by self-guided femtosecond pulses in air,” Phys. Rev. E 67, 015401 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H. Yang, J. Zhang, J. Zhang, L. Z. Zhao, Y. J. Li, H. Teng, Y. T. Li, Z. H. Wang, Z. L. Chen, Z. Y. Wei, J. X. Ma, W. Yu, and Z. M. Sheng, “Third-order harmonic generation by self-guided femtosecond pulses in air,” Phys. Rev. E 67, 015401 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, L. Z.

H. Yang, J. Zhang, J. Zhang, L. Z. Zhao, Y. J. Li, H. Teng, Y. T. Li, Z. H. Wang, Z. L. Chen, Z. Y. Wei, J. X. Ma, W. Yu, and Z. M. Sheng, “Third-order harmonic generation by self-guided femtosecond pulses in air,” Phys. Rev. E 67, 015401 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Zheltikov, A. M.

A. B. Fedotov, A. N. Naumov, V. P. Silin, S. A. Uryupin, A. M. Zheltikov, A. P. Tarasevitch, and D. von der Linde, “Third-harmonic generation in a laser-pre-excited gas: the role of excited-state neutrals,” Phys. Lett. A 271, 407-412 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Acta Opt. Sin. (2)

L. Min, L. Wenxue, H. Wanyue, W. Eryu, and D. Liang en, “Studies on 5 TW/40 fs table-top Ti:sapphire laser system,” Acta Opt. Sin. 26, 81-85 (2006) (in Chinese).

H. Wanyue, W. Eryu, L. Wenxue, and D. Liang'en, “Aberration-free stretcher based on concentric diffraction for sub-10 fs pulses,” Acta Opt. Sin. 27, 181-186 (2007) (in Chinese).

Appl. Phys. B (1)

N. Kortsalioudakis, M. Tatarakis, N. Vakakis, S. D. Moustaizis, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, N. A. Apadogiannis, A. Couairon, and S. Tzortzakis, “Enhanced harmonic conversion efficiency in the self-guided propagation of femtosecond ultraviolet laser pulses in argon,” Appl. Phys. B 80, 211-214 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chin. Phys. Lett. (1)

Z. Chang-Jun, Q. Yuan-Dong, Y. Hong, W. Shu-Feng, and G. Qi-Huang, “Third-order harmonic generation in atmospheric air with focused intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 18, 57-59 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

JETP (1)

A. V. Birulin, V. T. Platonenko, and V. V. Strelkov, “High-harmonic generation in interfering waves,” JETP 83, 32-38 (1996).

New J. Phys. (1)

W. Liu, S. A. Hosseini, Q. Luo, B. Ferland, S. L. Chin, O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, and V. P. Kandidov, “Experimental observation and simulations of the self-action of white light laser pulse propagating in air,” New J. Phys. 6, 1-22 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (2)

M. Trippenbach, M. Matuszewski, E. Infeld, C. Long Van, R. S. Tasgal, and Y. B. Band, “Enhancement of third harmonic generation by wave vector mismatch to counter phase-modulation,” Opt. Commun. 229, 391-395 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J.-F. Ripoche, G. Grillon, B. Prade, M. Franco, E. Nibbering, R. Lange, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Determination of the time dependence of n2 in air,” Opt. Commun. 135, 310-314 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (6)

Phys. Lett. A (1)

A. B. Fedotov, A. N. Naumov, V. P. Silin, S. A. Uryupin, A. M. Zheltikov, A. P. Tarasevitch, and D. von der Linde, “Third-harmonic generation in a laser-pre-excited gas: the role of excited-state neutrals,” Phys. Lett. A 271, 407-412 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. E (3)

L. Bergé, S. Skupin, G. Méjean, J. Kasparian, J. Yu, S. Frey, E. Salmon, and J. P. Wolf, “Supercontinuum emission and enhanced self-guiding of infrared femtosecond filaments sustained by third-harmonic generation in air,” Phys. Rev. E 71, 016602, 1-13 (2005).
[CrossRef]

P. Sprangle, J. R. Peñano, and B. Hafizi, “Propagation of intense short laser pulses in the atmosphere,” Phys. Rev. E 66, 046418, 1-21 (2002).
[CrossRef]

H. Yang, J. Zhang, J. Zhang, L. Z. Zhao, Y. J. Li, H. Teng, Y. T. Li, Z. H. Wang, Z. L. Chen, Z. Y. Wei, J. X. Ma, W. Yu, and Z. M. Sheng, “Third-order harmonic generation by self-guided femtosecond pulses in air,” Phys. Rev. E 67, 015401 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

Z. Chang, A. Rundquist, H. Wang, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Generation of coherent soft X rays at 2.7 nm using high harmonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 2967-2970 (1997).
[CrossRef]

H. R. Lange, A. Chiron, J.-F. Ripoche, A. Mysyrowicz, P. Breger, and P. Agostini, “High-order harmonic generation and quasiphase matching in Xenon using self-guided femtosecond pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 1611-1613 (1998).
[CrossRef]

N. Aközbek, A. Iwasaki, A. Becker, M. Scalora, S. L. Chin, and C. M. Bowden, “Third-harmonic generation and self-channeling in air using high-power femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 143901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the experimental setup: BS, beam splitter; DS, temporal delay stage; CM, concave mirror; L, fused silica lens with 0.15 m of focal length; P, half-wave plate; GP, polarizer; SP, spectrometer.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Spectra of the TH generated by dual pulses with 2 atm gas pressure, zero relative delay. The two pulses were focused with a CM of f = 0.5 m .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Spatial profile of the induced fluorescence spot. The corresponding TH signal was generated with 2 atm gas pressure and zero relative delay. The two pulses were focused with a CM of f = 0.5 m .

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Intensity of TH emission generated by dual pulses as a function of pressure, with zero relative delay. The two pulses were focused with a CM of f = 0.5 m .

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Delay of two fundamental pulses versus intensity of TH emissions with 2.0 atm gas pressure. The two pulses were focused with a CM of f = 0.5 m . Energy of the strong and weak pulses was 7 mJ and 3 mJ , respectively.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Intensity of TH versus respective energy of two fundamental pulses with 2 atm and 0 relative delay. (a) Intensity of TH versus energy of the relative low-power beam. (b) Intensity of TH versus energy of the relative high-power beam.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

(a) Conventional diagram of the spatial laser field modulated by two coherent pulses. (b) Mosaic photo of the experimental result. The laser-glass interacting time was about 6 s , or 60 shots. Gray level of Fig. 7b was reversed.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Intensity of m versus normalize phase-mismatch factor. The least phase-mismatch factor is acquired at m = 4 , which means that the TH should be efficiently emitted at the outside of two fundamental pulses.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Conventional diagram of THG in interfering field of two coherent fundamental pulses: k ω , k vector of fundamental wave; k 3 ω , k vector of off-axis TH (generated by two pulses).

Equations (1)

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n 2 k y 2 + m 2 k x 2 k ( n ω ) ,

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