Abstract

Multiple filaments surrounded by a large area of energy reservoir have been generated by a free propagating intense femtosecond laser pulse in air. The effects of the energy reservoir on the filament core have been investigated by inserting a diaphragm in a selected single filament path to block the energy of the reservoir. The evolution of filamentation has been studied experimentally and numerically as a function of diaphragm size. Both experimental and numerical results show that for millimeter size filaments with hundreds of meters distance, the energy reservoir can be extended to about 10mm from the filament core.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  4. J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, “White-light filaments for atmospheric analysis,” Science 301, 61-64 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. H. Yang, J. Zhang, Y. J. Li, J. Zhang, Y. T. Li, Z. L. Chen, H. Teng, Z. Y. Wei, and Z. M. Sheng, “Characteristics of self-guided laser plasma channels generated by femtosecond laser pulses in air,” Phys. Rev. E 66, 016406 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  6. G. Méchain, C. D. Amico, Y.-B. André, S. Tzortzakis, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, E. Salmon, and R. Sauerbrey, “Range of plasma filaments created in air by a multi-terawatt femtosecond laser,” Opt. Commun. 247, 171-180 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  9. V. P. Kandidov, O. G. Kosareva, and A. A. Koltun, “Nonlinear-optical transformation of a high-power femtosecond laser pulses in air,” Quantum Electron. 33, 69-75 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  10. M. Mlejnek, M. Kolesik, J. V. Moloney, and E. M. Wright, “Optically turbulent femtosecond light guided in air,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 2938-2941 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  11. S. Tzortzakis, L. Bergé, A. Couairon, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Breakup and fusion of self-guided femtosecond light pulses in air,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 5470-5473 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. S. Eisenmann, J. Penano, P. Sprangel, and A. Zigler, “Effect of an energy reservoir on the atmospheric propagation of laser-plasma filaments,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 155003 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. W. Liu, J.-F. Gravel, F. Théberge, A. Becker, and S. L. Chin, “Background reservoir: its crucial role for long-distance propagation of femtosecond laser pulses in air,” Appl. Phys. B 80, 857-860 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  14. W. Liu, F. Théberge, E. Arevalo, J.-F. Gravel, A. Becker, and S. L. Chin, “Experiment and simulations on the energy reservoir effect in femtosecond light filaments,” Opt. Lett. 30, 2602-2604 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. Z. Q. Hao, J. Zhang, X. Lu, T. T. Xi, Y. T. Li, X. H. Yuan, Z. Y. Zheng, Z. H. Wang, W. J. Ling, and Z. Y. Wei, “Spatial evolution of multiple filaments in air induced by femtosecond laser pulses,” Opt. Express 14, 773-778 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. Z. Q. Hao, J. Zhang, T. T. Xi, X. H. Yuan, Z. Y. Zheng, X. Lu, M. Y. Yu, Y. T. Li, Z. H. Wang, W. Zhao, and Z. Y. Wei, “Optimization of multiple filamentation of femtosecond laser pulses in air using a pinhole,” Opt. Express 15, 16102-16109 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. T. T. Xi, X. Lu, and J. Zhang, “Interaction of light filaments generated by femtosecond laser pulses in air,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 025003 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. Y. Y. Ma, X. Lu, T. T. Xi, Q. H. Gong, and J. Zhang, “Widening of long-range femtosecond laser filaments in turbulent air,” Opt. Express 16, 8332-8341 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. T. T. Xi, X. Lu, and J. Zhang, “Spatiotemporal moving focus of long femtosecond-laser filaments in air,” Phys. Rev. E 78, 055401(R) (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  20. W. Liu, S. L. Chin, O. Kosareva, I. S. Golubtsov, and V. P. Kandidov, “Multiple refocusing of a femtosecond laser pulse in a dispersive liquid (methanol),” Opt. Commun. 225, 193-209 (2003).
    [CrossRef]

2008 (3)

S. Eisenmann, J. Penano, P. Sprangel, and A. Zigler, “Effect of an energy reservoir on the atmospheric propagation of laser-plasma filaments,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 155003 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Y. Ma, X. Lu, T. T. Xi, Q. H. Gong, and J. Zhang, “Widening of long-range femtosecond laser filaments in turbulent air,” Opt. Express 16, 8332-8341 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. T. Xi, X. Lu, and J. Zhang, “Spatiotemporal moving focus of long femtosecond-laser filaments in air,” Phys. Rev. E 78, 055401(R) (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

2006 (3)

T. T. Xi, X. Lu, and J. Zhang, “Interaction of light filaments generated by femtosecond laser pulses in air,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 025003 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Q. Hao, J. Zhang, Z. Zhang, X. H. Yuan, Z. Y. Zheng, X. Lu, Z. Jin, Z. H. Wang, J. Y. Zhong, and Y. Q. Liu, “Characteristics of multiple filaments generated by femtosecond laser pulses in air: prefocused versus free propagation,” Phys. Rev. E 74, 066402 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Z. Q. Hao, J. Zhang, X. Lu, T. T. Xi, Y. T. Li, X. H. Yuan, Z. Y. Zheng, Z. H. Wang, W. J. Ling, and Z. Y. Wei, “Spatial evolution of multiple filaments in air induced by femtosecond laser pulses,” Opt. Express 14, 773-778 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (3)

G. Méchain, C. D. Amico, Y.-B. André, S. Tzortzakis, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, E. Salmon, and R. Sauerbrey, “Range of plasma filaments created in air by a multi-terawatt femtosecond laser,” Opt. Commun. 247, 171-180 (2005).
[CrossRef]

W. Liu, J.-F. Gravel, F. Théberge, A. Becker, and S. L. Chin, “Background reservoir: its crucial role for long-distance propagation of femtosecond laser pulses in air,” Appl. Phys. B 80, 857-860 (2005).
[CrossRef]

W. Liu, F. Théberge, E. Arevalo, J.-F. Gravel, A. Becker, and S. L. Chin, “Experiment and simulations on the energy reservoir effect in femtosecond light filaments,” Opt. Lett. 30, 2602-2604 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

G. Méchain, A. Couairon, Y.-B. André, C. D. Amico, M. Franco, B. Prade, S. Tzortzakis, A. Mysyrowicz, and R. Sauerbrey, “Long-range self-channeling of infrared laser pulses in air: a new propagation regime without ionization,” Appl. Phys. B 79, 379-382 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (3)

V. P. Kandidov, O. G. Kosareva, and A. A. Koltun, “Nonlinear-optical transformation of a high-power femtosecond laser pulses in air,” Quantum Electron. 33, 69-75 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, “White-light filaments for atmospheric analysis,” Science 301, 61-64 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Liu, S. L. Chin, O. Kosareva, I. S. Golubtsov, and V. P. Kandidov, “Multiple refocusing of a femtosecond laser pulse in a dispersive liquid (methanol),” Opt. Commun. 225, 193-209 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

H. Yang, J. Zhang, Y. J. Li, J. Zhang, Y. T. Li, Z. L. Chen, H. Teng, Z. Y. Wei, and Z. M. Sheng, “Characteristics of self-guided laser plasma channels generated by femtosecond laser pulses in air,” Phys. Rev. E 66, 016406 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

S. Tzortzakis, L. Bergé, A. Couairon, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Breakup and fusion of self-guided femtosecond light pulses in air,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 5470-5473 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999 (2)

B. La Fontaine, F. Vidal, Z. Jiang, C. Y. Chien, D. Comtois, A. Desparois, T. W. Johnston, J.-C. Kieffer, H. Pépin, and H. P. Mercure, “Filamentation of ultrashort pulse laser beams resulting from their propagation over long distances in air,” Phys. Plasmas 6, 1615-1621 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Mlejnek, M. Kolesik, J. V. Moloney, and E. M. Wright, “Optically turbulent femtosecond light guided in air,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 2938-2941 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

L. Wöste, C. Wedekind, H. Wille, P. Rairoux, B. Stein, S. Nikolov, C. Werner, S. Niedermeier, F. Ronneberger, H. Schillinger, and R. Sauerbrey, “Femtosecond atmospheric lamp,” Laser Optoelektron. 29, 51-53 (1997).

1995 (1)

Amico, C. D.

G. Méchain, C. D. Amico, Y.-B. André, S. Tzortzakis, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, E. Salmon, and R. Sauerbrey, “Range of plasma filaments created in air by a multi-terawatt femtosecond laser,” Opt. Commun. 247, 171-180 (2005).
[CrossRef]

G. Méchain, A. Couairon, Y.-B. André, C. D. Amico, M. Franco, B. Prade, S. Tzortzakis, A. Mysyrowicz, and R. Sauerbrey, “Long-range self-channeling of infrared laser pulses in air: a new propagation regime without ionization,” Appl. Phys. B 79, 379-382 (2004).
[CrossRef]

André, Y.-B.

G. Méchain, C. D. Amico, Y.-B. André, S. Tzortzakis, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, E. Salmon, and R. Sauerbrey, “Range of plasma filaments created in air by a multi-terawatt femtosecond laser,” Opt. Commun. 247, 171-180 (2005).
[CrossRef]

G. Méchain, A. Couairon, Y.-B. André, C. D. Amico, M. Franco, B. Prade, S. Tzortzakis, A. Mysyrowicz, and R. Sauerbrey, “Long-range self-channeling of infrared laser pulses in air: a new propagation regime without ionization,” Appl. Phys. B 79, 379-382 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, “White-light filaments for atmospheric analysis,” Science 301, 61-64 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Arevalo, E.

Becker, A.

W. Liu, F. Théberge, E. Arevalo, J.-F. Gravel, A. Becker, and S. L. Chin, “Experiment and simulations on the energy reservoir effect in femtosecond light filaments,” Opt. Lett. 30, 2602-2604 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Liu, J.-F. Gravel, F. Théberge, A. Becker, and S. L. Chin, “Background reservoir: its crucial role for long-distance propagation of femtosecond laser pulses in air,” Appl. Phys. B 80, 857-860 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Bergé, L.

S. Tzortzakis, L. Bergé, A. Couairon, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Breakup and fusion of self-guided femtosecond light pulses in air,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 5470-5473 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bourayou, R.

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, “White-light filaments for atmospheric analysis,” Science 301, 61-64 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Braun, A.

Chen, Z. L.

H. Yang, J. Zhang, Y. J. Li, J. Zhang, Y. T. Li, Z. L. Chen, H. Teng, Z. Y. Wei, and Z. M. Sheng, “Characteristics of self-guided laser plasma channels generated by femtosecond laser pulses in air,” Phys. Rev. E 66, 016406 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Chien, C. Y.

B. La Fontaine, F. Vidal, Z. Jiang, C. Y. Chien, D. Comtois, A. Desparois, T. W. Johnston, J.-C. Kieffer, H. Pépin, and H. P. Mercure, “Filamentation of ultrashort pulse laser beams resulting from their propagation over long distances in air,” Phys. Plasmas 6, 1615-1621 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Chin, S. L.

W. Liu, J.-F. Gravel, F. Théberge, A. Becker, and S. L. Chin, “Background reservoir: its crucial role for long-distance propagation of femtosecond laser pulses in air,” Appl. Phys. B 80, 857-860 (2005).
[CrossRef]

W. Liu, F. Théberge, E. Arevalo, J.-F. Gravel, A. Becker, and S. L. Chin, “Experiment and simulations on the energy reservoir effect in femtosecond light filaments,” Opt. Lett. 30, 2602-2604 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Liu, S. L. Chin, O. Kosareva, I. S. Golubtsov, and V. P. Kandidov, “Multiple refocusing of a femtosecond laser pulse in a dispersive liquid (methanol),” Opt. Commun. 225, 193-209 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Comtois, D.

B. La Fontaine, F. Vidal, Z. Jiang, C. Y. Chien, D. Comtois, A. Desparois, T. W. Johnston, J.-C. Kieffer, H. Pépin, and H. P. Mercure, “Filamentation of ultrashort pulse laser beams resulting from their propagation over long distances in air,” Phys. Plasmas 6, 1615-1621 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Couairon, A.

G. Méchain, C. D. Amico, Y.-B. André, S. Tzortzakis, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, E. Salmon, and R. Sauerbrey, “Range of plasma filaments created in air by a multi-terawatt femtosecond laser,” Opt. Commun. 247, 171-180 (2005).
[CrossRef]

G. Méchain, A. Couairon, Y.-B. André, C. D. Amico, M. Franco, B. Prade, S. Tzortzakis, A. Mysyrowicz, and R. Sauerbrey, “Long-range self-channeling of infrared laser pulses in air: a new propagation regime without ionization,” Appl. Phys. B 79, 379-382 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Tzortzakis, L. Bergé, A. Couairon, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Breakup and fusion of self-guided femtosecond light pulses in air,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 5470-5473 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Desparois, A.

B. La Fontaine, F. Vidal, Z. Jiang, C. Y. Chien, D. Comtois, A. Desparois, T. W. Johnston, J.-C. Kieffer, H. Pépin, and H. P. Mercure, “Filamentation of ultrashort pulse laser beams resulting from their propagation over long distances in air,” Phys. Plasmas 6, 1615-1621 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Du, D.

Eisenmann, S.

S. Eisenmann, J. Penano, P. Sprangel, and A. Zigler, “Effect of an energy reservoir on the atmospheric propagation of laser-plasma filaments,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 155003 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Franco, M.

G. Méchain, C. D. Amico, Y.-B. André, S. Tzortzakis, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, E. Salmon, and R. Sauerbrey, “Range of plasma filaments created in air by a multi-terawatt femtosecond laser,” Opt. Commun. 247, 171-180 (2005).
[CrossRef]

G. Méchain, A. Couairon, Y.-B. André, C. D. Amico, M. Franco, B. Prade, S. Tzortzakis, A. Mysyrowicz, and R. Sauerbrey, “Long-range self-channeling of infrared laser pulses in air: a new propagation regime without ionization,” Appl. Phys. B 79, 379-382 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Tzortzakis, L. Bergé, A. Couairon, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Breakup and fusion of self-guided femtosecond light pulses in air,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 5470-5473 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Frey, S.

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, “White-light filaments for atmospheric analysis,” Science 301, 61-64 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Golubtsov, I. S.

W. Liu, S. L. Chin, O. Kosareva, I. S. Golubtsov, and V. P. Kandidov, “Multiple refocusing of a femtosecond laser pulse in a dispersive liquid (methanol),” Opt. Commun. 225, 193-209 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Gong, Q. H.

Gravel, J.-F.

W. Liu, F. Théberge, E. Arevalo, J.-F. Gravel, A. Becker, and S. L. Chin, “Experiment and simulations on the energy reservoir effect in femtosecond light filaments,” Opt. Lett. 30, 2602-2604 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Liu, J.-F. Gravel, F. Théberge, A. Becker, and S. L. Chin, “Background reservoir: its crucial role for long-distance propagation of femtosecond laser pulses in air,” Appl. Phys. B 80, 857-860 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hao, Z. Q.

Jiang, Z.

B. La Fontaine, F. Vidal, Z. Jiang, C. Y. Chien, D. Comtois, A. Desparois, T. W. Johnston, J.-C. Kieffer, H. Pépin, and H. P. Mercure, “Filamentation of ultrashort pulse laser beams resulting from their propagation over long distances in air,” Phys. Plasmas 6, 1615-1621 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Jin, Z.

Z. Q. Hao, J. Zhang, Z. Zhang, X. H. Yuan, Z. Y. Zheng, X. Lu, Z. Jin, Z. H. Wang, J. Y. Zhong, and Y. Q. Liu, “Characteristics of multiple filaments generated by femtosecond laser pulses in air: prefocused versus free propagation,” Phys. Rev. E 74, 066402 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Johnston, T. W.

B. La Fontaine, F. Vidal, Z. Jiang, C. Y. Chien, D. Comtois, A. Desparois, T. W. Johnston, J.-C. Kieffer, H. Pépin, and H. P. Mercure, “Filamentation of ultrashort pulse laser beams resulting from their propagation over long distances in air,” Phys. Plasmas 6, 1615-1621 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kandidov, V. P.

V. P. Kandidov, O. G. Kosareva, and A. A. Koltun, “Nonlinear-optical transformation of a high-power femtosecond laser pulses in air,” Quantum Electron. 33, 69-75 (2003).
[CrossRef]

W. Liu, S. L. Chin, O. Kosareva, I. S. Golubtsov, and V. P. Kandidov, “Multiple refocusing of a femtosecond laser pulse in a dispersive liquid (methanol),” Opt. Commun. 225, 193-209 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kasparian, J.

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, “White-light filaments for atmospheric analysis,” Science 301, 61-64 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kieffer, J.-C.

B. La Fontaine, F. Vidal, Z. Jiang, C. Y. Chien, D. Comtois, A. Desparois, T. W. Johnston, J.-C. Kieffer, H. Pépin, and H. P. Mercure, “Filamentation of ultrashort pulse laser beams resulting from their propagation over long distances in air,” Phys. Plasmas 6, 1615-1621 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kolesik, M.

M. Mlejnek, M. Kolesik, J. V. Moloney, and E. M. Wright, “Optically turbulent femtosecond light guided in air,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 2938-2941 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Koltun, A. A.

V. P. Kandidov, O. G. Kosareva, and A. A. Koltun, “Nonlinear-optical transformation of a high-power femtosecond laser pulses in air,” Quantum Electron. 33, 69-75 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Korn, G.

Kosareva, O.

W. Liu, S. L. Chin, O. Kosareva, I. S. Golubtsov, and V. P. Kandidov, “Multiple refocusing of a femtosecond laser pulse in a dispersive liquid (methanol),” Opt. Commun. 225, 193-209 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kosareva, O. G.

V. P. Kandidov, O. G. Kosareva, and A. A. Koltun, “Nonlinear-optical transformation of a high-power femtosecond laser pulses in air,” Quantum Electron. 33, 69-75 (2003).
[CrossRef]

La Fontaine, B.

B. La Fontaine, F. Vidal, Z. Jiang, C. Y. Chien, D. Comtois, A. Desparois, T. W. Johnston, J.-C. Kieffer, H. Pépin, and H. P. Mercure, “Filamentation of ultrashort pulse laser beams resulting from their propagation over long distances in air,” Phys. Plasmas 6, 1615-1621 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Li, Y. J.

H. Yang, J. Zhang, Y. J. Li, J. Zhang, Y. T. Li, Z. L. Chen, H. Teng, Z. Y. Wei, and Z. M. Sheng, “Characteristics of self-guided laser plasma channels generated by femtosecond laser pulses in air,” Phys. Rev. E 66, 016406 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Li, Y. T.

Ling, W. J.

Liu, W.

W. Liu, J.-F. Gravel, F. Théberge, A. Becker, and S. L. Chin, “Background reservoir: its crucial role for long-distance propagation of femtosecond laser pulses in air,” Appl. Phys. B 80, 857-860 (2005).
[CrossRef]

W. Liu, F. Théberge, E. Arevalo, J.-F. Gravel, A. Becker, and S. L. Chin, “Experiment and simulations on the energy reservoir effect in femtosecond light filaments,” Opt. Lett. 30, 2602-2604 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Liu, S. L. Chin, O. Kosareva, I. S. Golubtsov, and V. P. Kandidov, “Multiple refocusing of a femtosecond laser pulse in a dispersive liquid (methanol),” Opt. Commun. 225, 193-209 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Liu, X.

Liu, Y. Q.

Z. Q. Hao, J. Zhang, Z. Zhang, X. H. Yuan, Z. Y. Zheng, X. Lu, Z. Jin, Z. H. Wang, J. Y. Zhong, and Y. Q. Liu, “Characteristics of multiple filaments generated by femtosecond laser pulses in air: prefocused versus free propagation,” Phys. Rev. E 74, 066402 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lu, X.

T. T. Xi, X. Lu, and J. Zhang, “Spatiotemporal moving focus of long femtosecond-laser filaments in air,” Phys. Rev. E 78, 055401(R) (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. Y. Ma, X. Lu, T. T. Xi, Q. H. Gong, and J. Zhang, “Widening of long-range femtosecond laser filaments in turbulent air,” Opt. Express 16, 8332-8341 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Q. Hao, J. Zhang, T. T. Xi, X. H. Yuan, Z. Y. Zheng, X. Lu, M. Y. Yu, Y. T. Li, Z. H. Wang, W. Zhao, and Z. Y. Wei, “Optimization of multiple filamentation of femtosecond laser pulses in air using a pinhole,” Opt. Express 15, 16102-16109 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. T. Xi, X. Lu, and J. Zhang, “Interaction of light filaments generated by femtosecond laser pulses in air,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 025003 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Q. Hao, J. Zhang, Z. Zhang, X. H. Yuan, Z. Y. Zheng, X. Lu, Z. Jin, Z. H. Wang, J. Y. Zhong, and Y. Q. Liu, “Characteristics of multiple filaments generated by femtosecond laser pulses in air: prefocused versus free propagation,” Phys. Rev. E 74, 066402 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Z. Q. Hao, J. Zhang, X. Lu, T. T. Xi, Y. T. Li, X. H. Yuan, Z. Y. Zheng, Z. H. Wang, W. J. Ling, and Z. Y. Wei, “Spatial evolution of multiple filaments in air induced by femtosecond laser pulses,” Opt. Express 14, 773-778 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ma, Y. Y.

Méchain, G.

G. Méchain, C. D. Amico, Y.-B. André, S. Tzortzakis, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, E. Salmon, and R. Sauerbrey, “Range of plasma filaments created in air by a multi-terawatt femtosecond laser,” Opt. Commun. 247, 171-180 (2005).
[CrossRef]

G. Méchain, A. Couairon, Y.-B. André, C. D. Amico, M. Franco, B. Prade, S. Tzortzakis, A. Mysyrowicz, and R. Sauerbrey, “Long-range self-channeling of infrared laser pulses in air: a new propagation regime without ionization,” Appl. Phys. B 79, 379-382 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Méjean, G.

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, “White-light filaments for atmospheric analysis,” Science 301, 61-64 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mercure, H. P.

B. La Fontaine, F. Vidal, Z. Jiang, C. Y. Chien, D. Comtois, A. Desparois, T. W. Johnston, J.-C. Kieffer, H. Pépin, and H. P. Mercure, “Filamentation of ultrashort pulse laser beams resulting from their propagation over long distances in air,” Phys. Plasmas 6, 1615-1621 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Mlejnek, M.

M. Mlejnek, M. Kolesik, J. V. Moloney, and E. M. Wright, “Optically turbulent femtosecond light guided in air,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 2938-2941 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Moloney, J. V.

M. Mlejnek, M. Kolesik, J. V. Moloney, and E. M. Wright, “Optically turbulent femtosecond light guided in air,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 2938-2941 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Mourou, G.

Mysyrowicz, A.

G. Méchain, C. D. Amico, Y.-B. André, S. Tzortzakis, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, E. Salmon, and R. Sauerbrey, “Range of plasma filaments created in air by a multi-terawatt femtosecond laser,” Opt. Commun. 247, 171-180 (2005).
[CrossRef]

G. Méchain, A. Couairon, Y.-B. André, C. D. Amico, M. Franco, B. Prade, S. Tzortzakis, A. Mysyrowicz, and R. Sauerbrey, “Long-range self-channeling of infrared laser pulses in air: a new propagation regime without ionization,” Appl. Phys. B 79, 379-382 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, “White-light filaments for atmospheric analysis,” Science 301, 61-64 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Tzortzakis, L. Bergé, A. Couairon, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Breakup and fusion of self-guided femtosecond light pulses in air,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 5470-5473 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Niedermeier, S.

L. Wöste, C. Wedekind, H. Wille, P. Rairoux, B. Stein, S. Nikolov, C. Werner, S. Niedermeier, F. Ronneberger, H. Schillinger, and R. Sauerbrey, “Femtosecond atmospheric lamp,” Laser Optoelektron. 29, 51-53 (1997).

Nikolov, S.

L. Wöste, C. Wedekind, H. Wille, P. Rairoux, B. Stein, S. Nikolov, C. Werner, S. Niedermeier, F. Ronneberger, H. Schillinger, and R. Sauerbrey, “Femtosecond atmospheric lamp,” Laser Optoelektron. 29, 51-53 (1997).

Penano, J.

S. Eisenmann, J. Penano, P. Sprangel, and A. Zigler, “Effect of an energy reservoir on the atmospheric propagation of laser-plasma filaments,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 155003 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pépin, H.

B. La Fontaine, F. Vidal, Z. Jiang, C. Y. Chien, D. Comtois, A. Desparois, T. W. Johnston, J.-C. Kieffer, H. Pépin, and H. P. Mercure, “Filamentation of ultrashort pulse laser beams resulting from their propagation over long distances in air,” Phys. Plasmas 6, 1615-1621 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Prade, B.

G. Méchain, C. D. Amico, Y.-B. André, S. Tzortzakis, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, E. Salmon, and R. Sauerbrey, “Range of plasma filaments created in air by a multi-terawatt femtosecond laser,” Opt. Commun. 247, 171-180 (2005).
[CrossRef]

G. Méchain, A. Couairon, Y.-B. André, C. D. Amico, M. Franco, B. Prade, S. Tzortzakis, A. Mysyrowicz, and R. Sauerbrey, “Long-range self-channeling of infrared laser pulses in air: a new propagation regime without ionization,” Appl. Phys. B 79, 379-382 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Tzortzakis, L. Bergé, A. Couairon, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Breakup and fusion of self-guided femtosecond light pulses in air,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 5470-5473 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rairoux, P.

L. Wöste, C. Wedekind, H. Wille, P. Rairoux, B. Stein, S. Nikolov, C. Werner, S. Niedermeier, F. Ronneberger, H. Schillinger, and R. Sauerbrey, “Femtosecond atmospheric lamp,” Laser Optoelektron. 29, 51-53 (1997).

Rodriguez, M.

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, “White-light filaments for atmospheric analysis,” Science 301, 61-64 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ronneberger, F.

L. Wöste, C. Wedekind, H. Wille, P. Rairoux, B. Stein, S. Nikolov, C. Werner, S. Niedermeier, F. Ronneberger, H. Schillinger, and R. Sauerbrey, “Femtosecond atmospheric lamp,” Laser Optoelektron. 29, 51-53 (1997).

Salmon, E.

G. Méchain, C. D. Amico, Y.-B. André, S. Tzortzakis, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, E. Salmon, and R. Sauerbrey, “Range of plasma filaments created in air by a multi-terawatt femtosecond laser,” Opt. Commun. 247, 171-180 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, “White-light filaments for atmospheric analysis,” Science 301, 61-64 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sauerbrey, R.

G. Méchain, C. D. Amico, Y.-B. André, S. Tzortzakis, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, E. Salmon, and R. Sauerbrey, “Range of plasma filaments created in air by a multi-terawatt femtosecond laser,” Opt. Commun. 247, 171-180 (2005).
[CrossRef]

G. Méchain, A. Couairon, Y.-B. André, C. D. Amico, M. Franco, B. Prade, S. Tzortzakis, A. Mysyrowicz, and R. Sauerbrey, “Long-range self-channeling of infrared laser pulses in air: a new propagation regime without ionization,” Appl. Phys. B 79, 379-382 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, “White-light filaments for atmospheric analysis,” Science 301, 61-64 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Wöste, C. Wedekind, H. Wille, P. Rairoux, B. Stein, S. Nikolov, C. Werner, S. Niedermeier, F. Ronneberger, H. Schillinger, and R. Sauerbrey, “Femtosecond atmospheric lamp,” Laser Optoelektron. 29, 51-53 (1997).

Schillinger, H.

L. Wöste, C. Wedekind, H. Wille, P. Rairoux, B. Stein, S. Nikolov, C. Werner, S. Niedermeier, F. Ronneberger, H. Schillinger, and R. Sauerbrey, “Femtosecond atmospheric lamp,” Laser Optoelektron. 29, 51-53 (1997).

Sheng, Z. M.

H. Yang, J. Zhang, Y. J. Li, J. Zhang, Y. T. Li, Z. L. Chen, H. Teng, Z. Y. Wei, and Z. M. Sheng, “Characteristics of self-guided laser plasma channels generated by femtosecond laser pulses in air,” Phys. Rev. E 66, 016406 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Sprangel, P.

S. Eisenmann, J. Penano, P. Sprangel, and A. Zigler, “Effect of an energy reservoir on the atmospheric propagation of laser-plasma filaments,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 155003 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Squier, J.

Stein, B.

L. Wöste, C. Wedekind, H. Wille, P. Rairoux, B. Stein, S. Nikolov, C. Werner, S. Niedermeier, F. Ronneberger, H. Schillinger, and R. Sauerbrey, “Femtosecond atmospheric lamp,” Laser Optoelektron. 29, 51-53 (1997).

Teng, H.

H. Yang, J. Zhang, Y. J. Li, J. Zhang, Y. T. Li, Z. L. Chen, H. Teng, Z. Y. Wei, and Z. M. Sheng, “Characteristics of self-guided laser plasma channels generated by femtosecond laser pulses in air,” Phys. Rev. E 66, 016406 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Théberge, F.

W. Liu, J.-F. Gravel, F. Théberge, A. Becker, and S. L. Chin, “Background reservoir: its crucial role for long-distance propagation of femtosecond laser pulses in air,” Appl. Phys. B 80, 857-860 (2005).
[CrossRef]

W. Liu, F. Théberge, E. Arevalo, J.-F. Gravel, A. Becker, and S. L. Chin, “Experiment and simulations on the energy reservoir effect in femtosecond light filaments,” Opt. Lett. 30, 2602-2604 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tzortzakis, S.

G. Méchain, C. D. Amico, Y.-B. André, S. Tzortzakis, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, E. Salmon, and R. Sauerbrey, “Range of plasma filaments created in air by a multi-terawatt femtosecond laser,” Opt. Commun. 247, 171-180 (2005).
[CrossRef]

G. Méchain, A. Couairon, Y.-B. André, C. D. Amico, M. Franco, B. Prade, S. Tzortzakis, A. Mysyrowicz, and R. Sauerbrey, “Long-range self-channeling of infrared laser pulses in air: a new propagation regime without ionization,” Appl. Phys. B 79, 379-382 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Tzortzakis, L. Bergé, A. Couairon, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Breakup and fusion of self-guided femtosecond light pulses in air,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 5470-5473 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vidal, F.

B. La Fontaine, F. Vidal, Z. Jiang, C. Y. Chien, D. Comtois, A. Desparois, T. W. Johnston, J.-C. Kieffer, H. Pépin, and H. P. Mercure, “Filamentation of ultrashort pulse laser beams resulting from their propagation over long distances in air,” Phys. Plasmas 6, 1615-1621 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Z. H.

Wedekind, C.

L. Wöste, C. Wedekind, H. Wille, P. Rairoux, B. Stein, S. Nikolov, C. Werner, S. Niedermeier, F. Ronneberger, H. Schillinger, and R. Sauerbrey, “Femtosecond atmospheric lamp,” Laser Optoelektron. 29, 51-53 (1997).

Wei, Z. Y.

Werner, C.

L. Wöste, C. Wedekind, H. Wille, P. Rairoux, B. Stein, S. Nikolov, C. Werner, S. Niedermeier, F. Ronneberger, H. Schillinger, and R. Sauerbrey, “Femtosecond atmospheric lamp,” Laser Optoelektron. 29, 51-53 (1997).

Wille, H.

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, “White-light filaments for atmospheric analysis,” Science 301, 61-64 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Wöste, C. Wedekind, H. Wille, P. Rairoux, B. Stein, S. Nikolov, C. Werner, S. Niedermeier, F. Ronneberger, H. Schillinger, and R. Sauerbrey, “Femtosecond atmospheric lamp,” Laser Optoelektron. 29, 51-53 (1997).

Wolf, J.-P.

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, “White-light filaments for atmospheric analysis,” Science 301, 61-64 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wöste, L.

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, “White-light filaments for atmospheric analysis,” Science 301, 61-64 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Wöste, C. Wedekind, H. Wille, P. Rairoux, B. Stein, S. Nikolov, C. Werner, S. Niedermeier, F. Ronneberger, H. Schillinger, and R. Sauerbrey, “Femtosecond atmospheric lamp,” Laser Optoelektron. 29, 51-53 (1997).

Wright, E. M.

M. Mlejnek, M. Kolesik, J. V. Moloney, and E. M. Wright, “Optically turbulent femtosecond light guided in air,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 2938-2941 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Xi, T. T.

Yang, H.

H. Yang, J. Zhang, Y. J. Li, J. Zhang, Y. T. Li, Z. L. Chen, H. Teng, Z. Y. Wei, and Z. M. Sheng, “Characteristics of self-guided laser plasma channels generated by femtosecond laser pulses in air,” Phys. Rev. E 66, 016406 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Yu, J.

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, “White-light filaments for atmospheric analysis,” Science 301, 61-64 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yu, M. Y.

Yuan, X. H.

Zhang, J.

Y. Y. Ma, X. Lu, T. T. Xi, Q. H. Gong, and J. Zhang, “Widening of long-range femtosecond laser filaments in turbulent air,” Opt. Express 16, 8332-8341 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. T. Xi, X. Lu, and J. Zhang, “Spatiotemporal moving focus of long femtosecond-laser filaments in air,” Phys. Rev. E 78, 055401(R) (2008).
[CrossRef]

Z. Q. Hao, J. Zhang, T. T. Xi, X. H. Yuan, Z. Y. Zheng, X. Lu, M. Y. Yu, Y. T. Li, Z. H. Wang, W. Zhao, and Z. Y. Wei, “Optimization of multiple filamentation of femtosecond laser pulses in air using a pinhole,” Opt. Express 15, 16102-16109 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. T. Xi, X. Lu, and J. Zhang, “Interaction of light filaments generated by femtosecond laser pulses in air,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 025003 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Q. Hao, J. Zhang, X. Lu, T. T. Xi, Y. T. Li, X. H. Yuan, Z. Y. Zheng, Z. H. Wang, W. J. Ling, and Z. Y. Wei, “Spatial evolution of multiple filaments in air induced by femtosecond laser pulses,” Opt. Express 14, 773-778 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Q. Hao, J. Zhang, Z. Zhang, X. H. Yuan, Z. Y. Zheng, X. Lu, Z. Jin, Z. H. Wang, J. Y. Zhong, and Y. Q. Liu, “Characteristics of multiple filaments generated by femtosecond laser pulses in air: prefocused versus free propagation,” Phys. Rev. E 74, 066402 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. Yang, J. Zhang, Y. J. Li, J. Zhang, Y. T. Li, Z. L. Chen, H. Teng, Z. Y. Wei, and Z. M. Sheng, “Characteristics of self-guided laser plasma channels generated by femtosecond laser pulses in air,” Phys. Rev. E 66, 016406 (2002).
[CrossRef]

H. Yang, J. Zhang, Y. J. Li, J. Zhang, Y. T. Li, Z. L. Chen, H. Teng, Z. Y. Wei, and Z. M. Sheng, “Characteristics of self-guided laser plasma channels generated by femtosecond laser pulses in air,” Phys. Rev. E 66, 016406 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Z.

Z. Q. Hao, J. Zhang, Z. Zhang, X. H. Yuan, Z. Y. Zheng, X. Lu, Z. Jin, Z. H. Wang, J. Y. Zhong, and Y. Q. Liu, “Characteristics of multiple filaments generated by femtosecond laser pulses in air: prefocused versus free propagation,” Phys. Rev. E 74, 066402 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, W.

Zheng, Z. Y.

Zhong, J. Y.

Z. Q. Hao, J. Zhang, Z. Zhang, X. H. Yuan, Z. Y. Zheng, X. Lu, Z. Jin, Z. H. Wang, J. Y. Zhong, and Y. Q. Liu, “Characteristics of multiple filaments generated by femtosecond laser pulses in air: prefocused versus free propagation,” Phys. Rev. E 74, 066402 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zigler, A.

S. Eisenmann, J. Penano, P. Sprangel, and A. Zigler, “Effect of an energy reservoir on the atmospheric propagation of laser-plasma filaments,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 155003 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. B (2)

G. Méchain, A. Couairon, Y.-B. André, C. D. Amico, M. Franco, B. Prade, S. Tzortzakis, A. Mysyrowicz, and R. Sauerbrey, “Long-range self-channeling of infrared laser pulses in air: a new propagation regime without ionization,” Appl. Phys. B 79, 379-382 (2004).
[CrossRef]

W. Liu, J.-F. Gravel, F. Théberge, A. Becker, and S. L. Chin, “Background reservoir: its crucial role for long-distance propagation of femtosecond laser pulses in air,” Appl. Phys. B 80, 857-860 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Laser Optoelektron. (1)

L. Wöste, C. Wedekind, H. Wille, P. Rairoux, B. Stein, S. Nikolov, C. Werner, S. Niedermeier, F. Ronneberger, H. Schillinger, and R. Sauerbrey, “Femtosecond atmospheric lamp,” Laser Optoelektron. 29, 51-53 (1997).

Opt. Commun. (2)

G. Méchain, C. D. Amico, Y.-B. André, S. Tzortzakis, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, E. Salmon, and R. Sauerbrey, “Range of plasma filaments created in air by a multi-terawatt femtosecond laser,” Opt. Commun. 247, 171-180 (2005).
[CrossRef]

W. Liu, S. L. Chin, O. Kosareva, I. S. Golubtsov, and V. P. Kandidov, “Multiple refocusing of a femtosecond laser pulse in a dispersive liquid (methanol),” Opt. Commun. 225, 193-209 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Plasmas (1)

B. La Fontaine, F. Vidal, Z. Jiang, C. Y. Chien, D. Comtois, A. Desparois, T. W. Johnston, J.-C. Kieffer, H. Pépin, and H. P. Mercure, “Filamentation of ultrashort pulse laser beams resulting from their propagation over long distances in air,” Phys. Plasmas 6, 1615-1621 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. E (3)

H. Yang, J. Zhang, Y. J. Li, J. Zhang, Y. T. Li, Z. L. Chen, H. Teng, Z. Y. Wei, and Z. M. Sheng, “Characteristics of self-guided laser plasma channels generated by femtosecond laser pulses in air,” Phys. Rev. E 66, 016406 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Z. Q. Hao, J. Zhang, Z. Zhang, X. H. Yuan, Z. Y. Zheng, X. Lu, Z. Jin, Z. H. Wang, J. Y. Zhong, and Y. Q. Liu, “Characteristics of multiple filaments generated by femtosecond laser pulses in air: prefocused versus free propagation,” Phys. Rev. E 74, 066402 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. T. Xi, X. Lu, and J. Zhang, “Spatiotemporal moving focus of long femtosecond-laser filaments in air,” Phys. Rev. E 78, 055401(R) (2008).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (4)

T. T. Xi, X. Lu, and J. Zhang, “Interaction of light filaments generated by femtosecond laser pulses in air,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 025003 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Mlejnek, M. Kolesik, J. V. Moloney, and E. M. Wright, “Optically turbulent femtosecond light guided in air,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 2938-2941 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. Tzortzakis, L. Bergé, A. Couairon, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Breakup and fusion of self-guided femtosecond light pulses in air,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 5470-5473 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Eisenmann, J. Penano, P. Sprangel, and A. Zigler, “Effect of an energy reservoir on the atmospheric propagation of laser-plasma filaments,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 155003 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Quantum Electron. (1)

V. P. Kandidov, O. G. Kosareva, and A. A. Koltun, “Nonlinear-optical transformation of a high-power femtosecond laser pulses in air,” Quantum Electron. 33, 69-75 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, “White-light filaments for atmospheric analysis,” Science 301, 61-64 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Three-dimensional intensity profiles of the clipped filament for different diameter diaphragms and propagation distances. The distance Δ z is measured relative to the diaphragm position, i.e., z = 46 m ; frame transverse size 20 mm × 20 mm ; the intensity units are the same in all insets.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Comparison between two beam profiles at Δ z = 45 m : (a) with a diaphragm of 20 mm diameter; (b) without the diaphragm.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Energy transmission through the diaphragm for E 0 = 60 mJ .

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Calculated transverse fluence distribution along the propagation direction when the insert diaphragm diameter is (a) 1, (b) 2, (c) 3, (d) 5, (e) 8, (e) 10, and (f) 15 mm , and (g) + (without diaphragm).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Total energy as a function of propagation distance. (b) The energy change as a function of propagation distance in the peripheral region 1 < r < 29.5 mm of the transverse beam section; (c) as in (b), in the near-filament region 0.22 < r < 1 mm ; (d) as in (b), in the filament core 0 < r < 0.22 mm .

Metrics