Abstract

We demonstrate almost chirp- and pedestal-free optical pulse compression in a nonlinear fiber Bragg grating with exponentially decreasing dispersion. The exponential dispersion profile can be well-approximated by a few gratings with different constant dispersions. The required number of sections is proportional to the compression ratio, but inversely proportional to the initial chirp value. We propose a compact pulse compression scheme, which consists of a linear and nonlinear grating, to effectively compress both hyperbolic secant and Gaussian shaped pulses. Nearly transform-limited pulses with a negligibly small pedestal can be achieved.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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