Abstract

We report on a dual species laser cooling apparatus capable of collecting over 108 Rb87 or Rb85 atoms from an atomic vapor or up to (8±2)×107 Li6 atoms directly into a magneto-optic trap (MOT) from an effusive oven without the need for a Zeeman slower. The use of a miniature atomic oven placed close to the trapping region yields a compact vacuum system with a captured flux of more than 4×106 lithium atoms per second and a high quality vacuum in the 1010  Torr range. The atomic sources, laser system, and vacuum system are described. In addition, we use this system to study atom loss from the MOT due to interspecies collisions between Li6 and Rb85 or Rb87. We report for the first time the heteronuclear loss coefficients for Li6Rb85 mixtures.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  5. T. Loftus, J. R. Bochinski, and T. W. Mossberg, “Simultaneous multi-isotope trapping of ytterbium,” Phys. Rev. A 63, 053401 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  6. F. Schreck, G. Ferrari, K. L. Corwin, J. Cubizolles, L. Khaykovich, M.-O. Mewes, and C. Salomon, “Sympathetic cooling of bosonic and fermionic lithium gases towards quantum degeneracy,” Phys. Rev. A 64, 011402 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  7. I. Bloch, M. Greiner, O. Mandel, T. W. Hänsch, and T. Esslinger, “Sympathetic cooling of Rb85 and Rb87,” Phys. Rev. A 64, 052704 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  8. Z. Hadzibabic, S. Gupta, C. A. Stan, C. H. Schunck, M. W. Zwierlein, K. Dieckmann, and W. Ketterle, “Fiftyfold improvement in the number of quantum degenerate fermionic atoms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 160401 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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  12. R. Wester, S. D. Kraft, M. Mudrich, M. U. Staudt, J. Lange, N. Vanhaecke, O. Dulieu, and M. Weidemüller, “Photoassociation inside an optical dipole trap: absolute rate coefficients and Franck condon factors,” Appl. Phys. B 79, 993-999 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  13. M. Pichler, H. Chen, and W. C. Stwalley, “Photoassociation spectroscopy of ultracold Cs below the 6P3/2 limit,” J. Chem. Phys. 121, 6779-6784 (2004).
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  22. D. DeMille, “Quantum computation with trapped polar molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 067901 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. A. Micheli, G. Pupillo, H. P. Büchler, and P. Zoller, “Cold polar molecules in two-dimensional traps: tailoring interactions with external fields for novel quantum phases,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 043604 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. S. G. Miranda, S. R. Muniz, G. D. Telles, L. G. Marcassa, K. Helmerson, and V. S. Bagnato, “Dark-spot atomic-beam slowing for on-axis loading of traps,” Phys. Rev. A 59, 882-885 (1999).
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  28. M. Taglieber, A.-C. Voigt, F. Henkel, S. Fray, T. W. Hänsch, and K. Dieckmann, “Simultaneous magneto-optical trapping of three atomic species,” Phys. Rev. A 73, 011402 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  29. M. W. Mancini, A. R. L. Caires, G. D. Telles, V. S. Bagnato, and L. G. Marcassa, “Trap loss rate for heteronuclear cold collisions in two species magneto-optical trap,” Eur. Phys. J. D 30, 105-116 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  30. K. R. Overstreet, P. Zabawa, J. Tallant, A. Schwettmann, and J. P. Shaffer, “Multiple scattering and the density distribution of a Cs MOT,” Opt. Express 13, 9672-9682 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  31. S. D. Gensemer, V. Sanchez-Villicana, K. Y. N. Tan, T. T. Grove, and P. L. Gould, “Trap-loss collisions of Rb85 and Rb87: dependence on trap parameters,” Phys. Rev. A 56, 4055-4063 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  32. C. Graf vom Hagen, “Towards a low-dimensional degenerate fermi-fermi-bose mixture,” Ph.D. dissertation (Ruperto-Carola University, 2008).
  33. J. Kawanaka, K. Shimizu, H. Takuma, and F. Shimizu, “Quadratic collisional loss rate of a Li7 trap,” Phys. Rev. A 48, R883-R885 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (4)

B. Deh, C. Marzok, C. Zimmermann, and P. W. Courteille, “Feshbach resonances in mixtures of ultracold Li6 and Rb87 gases,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 010701(R) (2008).
[CrossRef]

E. Wille, F. M. Spiegelhalder, G. Kerner, D. Naik, A. Trenkwalder, G. Hendl, F. Schreck, R. Grimm, T. G. Tiecke, J. T. M. Walraven, S. J. J. M. F. Kokkelmans, E. Tiesinga, and P. S. Julienne, “Exploring an ultracold fermi-fermi mixture: interspecies feshbach resonances and scattering properties of Li6 and K40,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 053201 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. J. Zirbel, K.-K. Ni, S. Ospelkaus, J. P. D'Incao, C. E. Wieman, J. Ye, and D. S. Jin, “Collisional stability of fermionic feshbach molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 143201 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. R. Hudson, N. B. Gilfoy, S. Kotochigova, J. M. Sage, and D. DeMille, “Inelastic collisions of ultracold heteronuclear molecules in an optical trap,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 203201 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (3)

J. P. Gaebler, J. T. Stewart, J. L. Bohn, and D. S. Jin, “p-wave feshbach molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 200403 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Marzok, B. Deh, P. W. Courteille, and C. Zimmermann, “Ultracold thermalization of Li7 and Rb87,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 052704 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Micheli, G. Pupillo, H. P. Büchler, and P. Zoller, “Cold polar molecules in two-dimensional traps: tailoring interactions with external fields for novel quantum phases,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 043604 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

M. Taglieber, A.-C. Voigt, F. Henkel, S. Fray, T. W. Hänsch, and K. Dieckmann, “Simultaneous magneto-optical trapping of three atomic species,” Phys. Rev. A 73, 011402 (2006).
[CrossRef]

W. Salzmann, U. Poschinger, R. Wester, M. Weidemüller, A. Merli, S. M. Weber, F. Sauer, M. Plewicki, F. Weise, A. M. Esparza, L. Wöste, and A. Lindinger, “Coherent control with shaped femtosecond laser pulses applied to ultracold molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 73, 023414 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (3)

J. M. Sage, S. Sainis, T. Bergeman, and D. DeMille, “Optical production of ultracold polar molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 203001 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. V. Krems, “Molecules near absolute zero and external field control of atomic and molecular dynamics,” Int. Rev. Phys. Chem. 24, 99-118 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. R. Overstreet, P. Zabawa, J. Tallant, A. Schwettmann, and J. P. Shaffer, “Multiple scattering and the density distribution of a Cs MOT,” Opt. Express 13, 9672-9682 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (4)

M. W. Mancini, A. R. L. Caires, G. D. Telles, V. S. Bagnato, and L. G. Marcassa, “Trap loss rate for heteronuclear cold collisions in two species magneto-optical trap,” Eur. Phys. J. D 30, 105-116 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. Wester, S. D. Kraft, M. Mudrich, M. U. Staudt, J. Lange, N. Vanhaecke, O. Dulieu, and M. Weidemüller, “Photoassociation inside an optical dipole trap: absolute rate coefficients and Franck condon factors,” Appl. Phys. B 79, 993-999 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Pichler, H. Chen, and W. C. Stwalley, “Photoassociation spectroscopy of ultracold Cs below the 6P3/2 limit,” J. Chem. Phys. 121, 6779-6784 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Haimberger, J. Kleinert, M. Bhattacharya, and N. P. Bigelow, “Formation and detection of ultracold ground-state polar molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 021402 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

Z. Hadzibabic, S. Gupta, C. A. Stan, C. H. Schunck, M. W. Zwierlein, K. Dieckmann, and W. Ketterle, “Fiftyfold improvement in the number of quantum degenerate fermionic atoms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 160401 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (2)

D. DeMille, “Quantum computation with trapped polar molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 067901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

U. Schlöder, C. Silber, T. Deuschle, and C. Zimmermann, “Saturation in heteronuclear photoassociation of Li6Li7,” Phys. Rev. A 66, 061403 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (3)

T. Loftus, J. R. Bochinski, and T. W. Mossberg, “Simultaneous multi-isotope trapping of ytterbium,” Phys. Rev. A 63, 053401 (2001).
[CrossRef]

F. Schreck, G. Ferrari, K. L. Corwin, J. Cubizolles, L. Khaykovich, M.-O. Mewes, and C. Salomon, “Sympathetic cooling of bosonic and fermionic lithium gases towards quantum degeneracy,” Phys. Rev. A 64, 011402 (2001).
[CrossRef]

I. Bloch, M. Greiner, O. Mandel, T. W. Hänsch, and T. Esslinger, “Sympathetic cooling of Rb85 and Rb87,” Phys. Rev. A 64, 052704 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

S. G. Crane, X. Zhao, W. Taylor, and D. J. Vieira, “Trapping an isotopic mixture of fermionic Rb84 and bosonic Rb87 atoms,” Phys. Rev. A 62, 011402 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (2)

M.-O. Mewes, G. Ferrari, F. Schreck, A. Sinatra, and C. Salomon, “Simultaneous magneto-optical trapping of two lithium isotopes,” Phys. Rev. A 61, 011403 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. G. Miranda, S. R. Muniz, G. D. Telles, L. G. Marcassa, K. Helmerson, and V. S. Bagnato, “Dark-spot atomic-beam slowing for on-axis loading of traps,” Phys. Rev. A 59, 882-885 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

S. D. Gensemer, V. Sanchez-Villicana, K. Y. N. Tan, T. T. Grove, and P. L. Gould, “Trap-loss collisions of Rb85 and Rb87: dependence on trap parameters,” Phys. Rev. A 56, 4055-4063 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1994 (2)

1993 (1)

J. Kawanaka, K. Shimizu, H. Takuma, and F. Shimizu, “Quadratic collisional loss rate of a Li7 trap,” Phys. Rev. A 48, R883-R885 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1992 (1)

C. D. Wallace, T. P. Dinneen, K.-Y. N. Tan, T. T. Grove, and P. L. Gould, “Isotopic difference in trap loss collisions of laser cooled rubidium atoms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 897-900 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Anderson, B. P.

B. P. Anderson and M. A. Kasevich, “Enhanced loading of a magneto-optic trap from an atomic beam,” Phys. Rev. A 50, R3581-R3584 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bagnato, V. S.

M. W. Mancini, A. R. L. Caires, G. D. Telles, V. S. Bagnato, and L. G. Marcassa, “Trap loss rate for heteronuclear cold collisions in two species magneto-optical trap,” Eur. Phys. J. D 30, 105-116 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. G. Miranda, S. R. Muniz, G. D. Telles, L. G. Marcassa, K. Helmerson, and V. S. Bagnato, “Dark-spot atomic-beam slowing for on-axis loading of traps,” Phys. Rev. A 59, 882-885 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bergeman, T.

J. M. Sage, S. Sainis, T. Bergeman, and D. DeMille, “Optical production of ultracold polar molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 203001 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bhattacharya, M.

C. Haimberger, J. Kleinert, M. Bhattacharya, and N. P. Bigelow, “Formation and detection of ultracold ground-state polar molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 021402 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bigelow, N. P.

C. Haimberger, J. Kleinert, M. Bhattacharya, and N. P. Bigelow, “Formation and detection of ultracold ground-state polar molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 021402 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bloch, I.

I. Bloch, M. Greiner, O. Mandel, T. W. Hänsch, and T. Esslinger, “Sympathetic cooling of Rb85 and Rb87,” Phys. Rev. A 64, 052704 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Bochinski, J. R.

T. Loftus, J. R. Bochinski, and T. W. Mossberg, “Simultaneous multi-isotope trapping of ytterbium,” Phys. Rev. A 63, 053401 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Bohn, J. L.

J. P. Gaebler, J. T. Stewart, J. L. Bohn, and D. S. Jin, “p-wave feshbach molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 200403 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Büchler, H. P.

A. Micheli, G. Pupillo, H. P. Büchler, and P. Zoller, “Cold polar molecules in two-dimensional traps: tailoring interactions with external fields for novel quantum phases,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 043604 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Caires, A. R. L.

M. W. Mancini, A. R. L. Caires, G. D. Telles, V. S. Bagnato, and L. G. Marcassa, “Trap loss rate for heteronuclear cold collisions in two species magneto-optical trap,” Eur. Phys. J. D 30, 105-116 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chen, H.

M. Pichler, H. Chen, and W. C. Stwalley, “Photoassociation spectroscopy of ultracold Cs below the 6P3/2 limit,” J. Chem. Phys. 121, 6779-6784 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Corwin, K. L.

F. Schreck, G. Ferrari, K. L. Corwin, J. Cubizolles, L. Khaykovich, M.-O. Mewes, and C. Salomon, “Sympathetic cooling of bosonic and fermionic lithium gases towards quantum degeneracy,” Phys. Rev. A 64, 011402 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Courteille, P. W.

B. Deh, C. Marzok, C. Zimmermann, and P. W. Courteille, “Feshbach resonances in mixtures of ultracold Li6 and Rb87 gases,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 010701(R) (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Marzok, B. Deh, P. W. Courteille, and C. Zimmermann, “Ultracold thermalization of Li7 and Rb87,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 052704 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Crane, S. G.

S. G. Crane, X. Zhao, W. Taylor, and D. J. Vieira, “Trapping an isotopic mixture of fermionic Rb84 and bosonic Rb87 atoms,” Phys. Rev. A 62, 011402 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Cubizolles, J.

F. Schreck, G. Ferrari, K. L. Corwin, J. Cubizolles, L. Khaykovich, M.-O. Mewes, and C. Salomon, “Sympathetic cooling of bosonic and fermionic lithium gases towards quantum degeneracy,” Phys. Rev. A 64, 011402 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Deh, B.

B. Deh, C. Marzok, C. Zimmermann, and P. W. Courteille, “Feshbach resonances in mixtures of ultracold Li6 and Rb87 gases,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 010701(R) (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Marzok, B. Deh, P. W. Courteille, and C. Zimmermann, “Ultracold thermalization of Li7 and Rb87,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 052704 (2007).
[CrossRef]

DeMille, D.

E. R. Hudson, N. B. Gilfoy, S. Kotochigova, J. M. Sage, and D. DeMille, “Inelastic collisions of ultracold heteronuclear molecules in an optical trap,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 203201 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. M. Sage, S. Sainis, T. Bergeman, and D. DeMille, “Optical production of ultracold polar molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 203001 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. DeMille, “Quantum computation with trapped polar molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 067901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Deuschle, T.

U. Schlöder, C. Silber, T. Deuschle, and C. Zimmermann, “Saturation in heteronuclear photoassociation of Li6Li7,” Phys. Rev. A 66, 061403 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Dieckmann, K.

M. Taglieber, A.-C. Voigt, F. Henkel, S. Fray, T. W. Hänsch, and K. Dieckmann, “Simultaneous magneto-optical trapping of three atomic species,” Phys. Rev. A 73, 011402 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Z. Hadzibabic, S. Gupta, C. A. Stan, C. H. Schunck, M. W. Zwierlein, K. Dieckmann, and W. Ketterle, “Fiftyfold improvement in the number of quantum degenerate fermionic atoms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 160401 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D'Incao, J. P.

J. J. Zirbel, K.-K. Ni, S. Ospelkaus, J. P. D'Incao, C. E. Wieman, J. Ye, and D. S. Jin, “Collisional stability of fermionic feshbach molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 143201 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dinneen, T. P.

C. D. Wallace, T. P. Dinneen, K.-Y. N. Tan, T. T. Grove, and P. L. Gould, “Isotopic difference in trap loss collisions of laser cooled rubidium atoms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 897-900 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dulieu, O.

R. Wester, S. D. Kraft, M. Mudrich, M. U. Staudt, J. Lange, N. Vanhaecke, O. Dulieu, and M. Weidemüller, “Photoassociation inside an optical dipole trap: absolute rate coefficients and Franck condon factors,” Appl. Phys. B 79, 993-999 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ertmer, W.

Esparza, A. M.

W. Salzmann, U. Poschinger, R. Wester, M. Weidemüller, A. Merli, S. M. Weber, F. Sauer, M. Plewicki, F. Weise, A. M. Esparza, L. Wöste, and A. Lindinger, “Coherent control with shaped femtosecond laser pulses applied to ultracold molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 73, 023414 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Esslinger, T.

I. Bloch, M. Greiner, O. Mandel, T. W. Hänsch, and T. Esslinger, “Sympathetic cooling of Rb85 and Rb87,” Phys. Rev. A 64, 052704 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ferrari, G.

F. Schreck, G. Ferrari, K. L. Corwin, J. Cubizolles, L. Khaykovich, M.-O. Mewes, and C. Salomon, “Sympathetic cooling of bosonic and fermionic lithium gases towards quantum degeneracy,” Phys. Rev. A 64, 011402 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M.-O. Mewes, G. Ferrari, F. Schreck, A. Sinatra, and C. Salomon, “Simultaneous magneto-optical trapping of two lithium isotopes,” Phys. Rev. A 61, 011403 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Fray, S.

M. Taglieber, A.-C. Voigt, F. Henkel, S. Fray, T. W. Hänsch, and K. Dieckmann, “Simultaneous magneto-optical trapping of three atomic species,” Phys. Rev. A 73, 011402 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Gaebler, J. P.

J. P. Gaebler, J. T. Stewart, J. L. Bohn, and D. S. Jin, “p-wave feshbach molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 200403 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gensemer, S. D.

S. D. Gensemer, V. Sanchez-Villicana, K. Y. N. Tan, T. T. Grove, and P. L. Gould, “Trap-loss collisions of Rb85 and Rb87: dependence on trap parameters,” Phys. Rev. A 56, 4055-4063 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Gilfoy, N. B.

E. R. Hudson, N. B. Gilfoy, S. Kotochigova, J. M. Sage, and D. DeMille, “Inelastic collisions of ultracold heteronuclear molecules in an optical trap,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 203201 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gould, P. L.

S. D. Gensemer, V. Sanchez-Villicana, K. Y. N. Tan, T. T. Grove, and P. L. Gould, “Trap-loss collisions of Rb85 and Rb87: dependence on trap parameters,” Phys. Rev. A 56, 4055-4063 (1997).
[CrossRef]

C. D. Wallace, T. P. Dinneen, K.-Y. N. Tan, T. T. Grove, and P. L. Gould, “Isotopic difference in trap loss collisions of laser cooled rubidium atoms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 897-900 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Graf vom Hagen, C.

C. Graf vom Hagen, “Towards a low-dimensional degenerate fermi-fermi-bose mixture,” Ph.D. dissertation (Ruperto-Carola University, 2008).

Greiner, M.

I. Bloch, M. Greiner, O. Mandel, T. W. Hänsch, and T. Esslinger, “Sympathetic cooling of Rb85 and Rb87,” Phys. Rev. A 64, 052704 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Grimm, R.

E. Wille, F. M. Spiegelhalder, G. Kerner, D. Naik, A. Trenkwalder, G. Hendl, F. Schreck, R. Grimm, T. G. Tiecke, J. T. M. Walraven, S. J. J. M. F. Kokkelmans, E. Tiesinga, and P. S. Julienne, “Exploring an ultracold fermi-fermi mixture: interspecies feshbach resonances and scattering properties of Li6 and K40,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 053201 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Grove, T. T.

S. D. Gensemer, V. Sanchez-Villicana, K. Y. N. Tan, T. T. Grove, and P. L. Gould, “Trap-loss collisions of Rb85 and Rb87: dependence on trap parameters,” Phys. Rev. A 56, 4055-4063 (1997).
[CrossRef]

C. D. Wallace, T. P. Dinneen, K.-Y. N. Tan, T. T. Grove, and P. L. Gould, “Isotopic difference in trap loss collisions of laser cooled rubidium atoms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 897-900 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gupta, S.

Z. Hadzibabic, S. Gupta, C. A. Stan, C. H. Schunck, M. W. Zwierlein, K. Dieckmann, and W. Ketterle, “Fiftyfold improvement in the number of quantum degenerate fermionic atoms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 160401 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hadzibabic, Z.

Z. Hadzibabic, S. Gupta, C. A. Stan, C. H. Schunck, M. W. Zwierlein, K. Dieckmann, and W. Ketterle, “Fiftyfold improvement in the number of quantum degenerate fermionic atoms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 160401 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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C. Haimberger, J. Kleinert, M. Bhattacharya, and N. P. Bigelow, “Formation and detection of ultracold ground-state polar molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 021402 (2004).
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M. Taglieber, A.-C. Voigt, F. Henkel, S. Fray, T. W. Hänsch, and K. Dieckmann, “Simultaneous magneto-optical trapping of three atomic species,” Phys. Rev. A 73, 011402 (2006).
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I. Bloch, M. Greiner, O. Mandel, T. W. Hänsch, and T. Esslinger, “Sympathetic cooling of Rb85 and Rb87,” Phys. Rev. A 64, 052704 (2001).
[CrossRef]

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S. G. Miranda, S. R. Muniz, G. D. Telles, L. G. Marcassa, K. Helmerson, and V. S. Bagnato, “Dark-spot atomic-beam slowing for on-axis loading of traps,” Phys. Rev. A 59, 882-885 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hendl, G.

E. Wille, F. M. Spiegelhalder, G. Kerner, D. Naik, A. Trenkwalder, G. Hendl, F. Schreck, R. Grimm, T. G. Tiecke, J. T. M. Walraven, S. J. J. M. F. Kokkelmans, E. Tiesinga, and P. S. Julienne, “Exploring an ultracold fermi-fermi mixture: interspecies feshbach resonances and scattering properties of Li6 and K40,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 053201 (2008).
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M. Taglieber, A.-C. Voigt, F. Henkel, S. Fray, T. W. Hänsch, and K. Dieckmann, “Simultaneous magneto-optical trapping of three atomic species,” Phys. Rev. A 73, 011402 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hudson, E. R.

E. R. Hudson, N. B. Gilfoy, S. Kotochigova, J. M. Sage, and D. DeMille, “Inelastic collisions of ultracold heteronuclear molecules in an optical trap,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 203201 (2008).
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J. J. Zirbel, K.-K. Ni, S. Ospelkaus, J. P. D'Incao, C. E. Wieman, J. Ye, and D. S. Jin, “Collisional stability of fermionic feshbach molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 143201 (2008).
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[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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E. Wille, F. M. Spiegelhalder, G. Kerner, D. Naik, A. Trenkwalder, G. Hendl, F. Schreck, R. Grimm, T. G. Tiecke, J. T. M. Walraven, S. J. J. M. F. Kokkelmans, E. Tiesinga, and P. S. Julienne, “Exploring an ultracold fermi-fermi mixture: interspecies feshbach resonances and scattering properties of Li6 and K40,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 053201 (2008).
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B. P. Anderson and M. A. Kasevich, “Enhanced loading of a magneto-optic trap from an atomic beam,” Phys. Rev. A 50, R3581-R3584 (1994).
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Kawanaka, J.

J. Kawanaka, K. Shimizu, H. Takuma, and F. Shimizu, “Quadratic collisional loss rate of a Li7 trap,” Phys. Rev. A 48, R883-R885 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kerner, G.

E. Wille, F. M. Spiegelhalder, G. Kerner, D. Naik, A. Trenkwalder, G. Hendl, F. Schreck, R. Grimm, T. G. Tiecke, J. T. M. Walraven, S. J. J. M. F. Kokkelmans, E. Tiesinga, and P. S. Julienne, “Exploring an ultracold fermi-fermi mixture: interspecies feshbach resonances and scattering properties of Li6 and K40,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 053201 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Z. Hadzibabic, S. Gupta, C. A. Stan, C. H. Schunck, M. W. Zwierlein, K. Dieckmann, and W. Ketterle, “Fiftyfold improvement in the number of quantum degenerate fermionic atoms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 160401 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Khaykovich, L.

F. Schreck, G. Ferrari, K. L. Corwin, J. Cubizolles, L. Khaykovich, M.-O. Mewes, and C. Salomon, “Sympathetic cooling of bosonic and fermionic lithium gases towards quantum degeneracy,” Phys. Rev. A 64, 011402 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kleinert, J.

C. Haimberger, J. Kleinert, M. Bhattacharya, and N. P. Bigelow, “Formation and detection of ultracold ground-state polar molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 021402 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kohns, P.

Kokkelmans, S. J. J. M. F.

E. Wille, F. M. Spiegelhalder, G. Kerner, D. Naik, A. Trenkwalder, G. Hendl, F. Schreck, R. Grimm, T. G. Tiecke, J. T. M. Walraven, S. J. J. M. F. Kokkelmans, E. Tiesinga, and P. S. Julienne, “Exploring an ultracold fermi-fermi mixture: interspecies feshbach resonances and scattering properties of Li6 and K40,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 053201 (2008).
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E. R. Hudson, N. B. Gilfoy, S. Kotochigova, J. M. Sage, and D. DeMille, “Inelastic collisions of ultracold heteronuclear molecules in an optical trap,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 203201 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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R. Wester, S. D. Kraft, M. Mudrich, M. U. Staudt, J. Lange, N. Vanhaecke, O. Dulieu, and M. Weidemüller, “Photoassociation inside an optical dipole trap: absolute rate coefficients and Franck condon factors,” Appl. Phys. B 79, 993-999 (2004).
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R. Wester, S. D. Kraft, M. Mudrich, M. U. Staudt, J. Lange, N. Vanhaecke, O. Dulieu, and M. Weidemüller, “Photoassociation inside an optical dipole trap: absolute rate coefficients and Franck condon factors,” Appl. Phys. B 79, 993-999 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lindinger, A.

W. Salzmann, U. Poschinger, R. Wester, M. Weidemüller, A. Merli, S. M. Weber, F. Sauer, M. Plewicki, F. Weise, A. M. Esparza, L. Wöste, and A. Lindinger, “Coherent control with shaped femtosecond laser pulses applied to ultracold molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 73, 023414 (2006).
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T. Loftus, J. R. Bochinski, and T. W. Mossberg, “Simultaneous multi-isotope trapping of ytterbium,” Phys. Rev. A 63, 053401 (2001).
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Mancini, M. W.

M. W. Mancini, A. R. L. Caires, G. D. Telles, V. S. Bagnato, and L. G. Marcassa, “Trap loss rate for heteronuclear cold collisions in two species magneto-optical trap,” Eur. Phys. J. D 30, 105-116 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Mandel, O.

I. Bloch, M. Greiner, O. Mandel, T. W. Hänsch, and T. Esslinger, “Sympathetic cooling of Rb85 and Rb87,” Phys. Rev. A 64, 052704 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Marcassa, L. G.

M. W. Mancini, A. R. L. Caires, G. D. Telles, V. S. Bagnato, and L. G. Marcassa, “Trap loss rate for heteronuclear cold collisions in two species magneto-optical trap,” Eur. Phys. J. D 30, 105-116 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. G. Miranda, S. R. Muniz, G. D. Telles, L. G. Marcassa, K. Helmerson, and V. S. Bagnato, “Dark-spot atomic-beam slowing for on-axis loading of traps,” Phys. Rev. A 59, 882-885 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Marzok, C.

B. Deh, C. Marzok, C. Zimmermann, and P. W. Courteille, “Feshbach resonances in mixtures of ultracold Li6 and Rb87 gases,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 010701(R) (2008).
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C. Marzok, B. Deh, P. W. Courteille, and C. Zimmermann, “Ultracold thermalization of Li7 and Rb87,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 052704 (2007).
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Merli, A.

W. Salzmann, U. Poschinger, R. Wester, M. Weidemüller, A. Merli, S. M. Weber, F. Sauer, M. Plewicki, F. Weise, A. M. Esparza, L. Wöste, and A. Lindinger, “Coherent control with shaped femtosecond laser pulses applied to ultracold molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 73, 023414 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Metcalf, H. J.

H. J. Metcalf and P. van der Strate, Laser Cooling and Trapping (Springer, 1999).
[CrossRef]

Mewes, M.-O.

F. Schreck, G. Ferrari, K. L. Corwin, J. Cubizolles, L. Khaykovich, M.-O. Mewes, and C. Salomon, “Sympathetic cooling of bosonic and fermionic lithium gases towards quantum degeneracy,” Phys. Rev. A 64, 011402 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M.-O. Mewes, G. Ferrari, F. Schreck, A. Sinatra, and C. Salomon, “Simultaneous magneto-optical trapping of two lithium isotopes,” Phys. Rev. A 61, 011403 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Micheli, A.

A. Micheli, G. Pupillo, H. P. Büchler, and P. Zoller, “Cold polar molecules in two-dimensional traps: tailoring interactions with external fields for novel quantum phases,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 043604 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Miranda, S. G.

S. G. Miranda, S. R. Muniz, G. D. Telles, L. G. Marcassa, K. Helmerson, and V. S. Bagnato, “Dark-spot atomic-beam slowing for on-axis loading of traps,” Phys. Rev. A 59, 882-885 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Mossberg, T. W.

T. Loftus, J. R. Bochinski, and T. W. Mossberg, “Simultaneous multi-isotope trapping of ytterbium,” Phys. Rev. A 63, 053401 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Mudrich, M.

R. Wester, S. D. Kraft, M. Mudrich, M. U. Staudt, J. Lange, N. Vanhaecke, O. Dulieu, and M. Weidemüller, “Photoassociation inside an optical dipole trap: absolute rate coefficients and Franck condon factors,” Appl. Phys. B 79, 993-999 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Muniz, S. R.

S. G. Miranda, S. R. Muniz, G. D. Telles, L. G. Marcassa, K. Helmerson, and V. S. Bagnato, “Dark-spot atomic-beam slowing for on-axis loading of traps,” Phys. Rev. A 59, 882-885 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Naik, D.

E. Wille, F. M. Spiegelhalder, G. Kerner, D. Naik, A. Trenkwalder, G. Hendl, F. Schreck, R. Grimm, T. G. Tiecke, J. T. M. Walraven, S. J. J. M. F. Kokkelmans, E. Tiesinga, and P. S. Julienne, “Exploring an ultracold fermi-fermi mixture: interspecies feshbach resonances and scattering properties of Li6 and K40,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 053201 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ni, K.-K.

J. J. Zirbel, K.-K. Ni, S. Ospelkaus, J. P. D'Incao, C. E. Wieman, J. Ye, and D. S. Jin, “Collisional stability of fermionic feshbach molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 143201 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ospelkaus, S.

J. J. Zirbel, K.-K. Ni, S. Ospelkaus, J. P. D'Incao, C. E. Wieman, J. Ye, and D. S. Jin, “Collisional stability of fermionic feshbach molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 143201 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Overstreet, K. R.

Pichler, M.

M. Pichler, H. Chen, and W. C. Stwalley, “Photoassociation spectroscopy of ultracold Cs below the 6P3/2 limit,” J. Chem. Phys. 121, 6779-6784 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Plewicki, M.

W. Salzmann, U. Poschinger, R. Wester, M. Weidemüller, A. Merli, S. M. Weber, F. Sauer, M. Plewicki, F. Weise, A. M. Esparza, L. Wöste, and A. Lindinger, “Coherent control with shaped femtosecond laser pulses applied to ultracold molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 73, 023414 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Poschinger, U.

W. Salzmann, U. Poschinger, R. Wester, M. Weidemüller, A. Merli, S. M. Weber, F. Sauer, M. Plewicki, F. Weise, A. M. Esparza, L. Wöste, and A. Lindinger, “Coherent control with shaped femtosecond laser pulses applied to ultracold molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 73, 023414 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Pupillo, G.

A. Micheli, G. Pupillo, H. P. Büchler, and P. Zoller, “Cold polar molecules in two-dimensional traps: tailoring interactions with external fields for novel quantum phases,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 043604 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sage, J. M.

E. R. Hudson, N. B. Gilfoy, S. Kotochigova, J. M. Sage, and D. DeMille, “Inelastic collisions of ultracold heteronuclear molecules in an optical trap,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 203201 (2008).
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J. M. Sage, S. Sainis, T. Bergeman, and D. DeMille, “Optical production of ultracold polar molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 203001 (2005).
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J. M. Sage, S. Sainis, T. Bergeman, and D. DeMille, “Optical production of ultracold polar molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 203001 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Salomon, C.

F. Schreck, G. Ferrari, K. L. Corwin, J. Cubizolles, L. Khaykovich, M.-O. Mewes, and C. Salomon, “Sympathetic cooling of bosonic and fermionic lithium gases towards quantum degeneracy,” Phys. Rev. A 64, 011402 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M.-O. Mewes, G. Ferrari, F. Schreck, A. Sinatra, and C. Salomon, “Simultaneous magneto-optical trapping of two lithium isotopes,” Phys. Rev. A 61, 011403 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Salzmann, W.

W. Salzmann, U. Poschinger, R. Wester, M. Weidemüller, A. Merli, S. M. Weber, F. Sauer, M. Plewicki, F. Weise, A. M. Esparza, L. Wöste, and A. Lindinger, “Coherent control with shaped femtosecond laser pulses applied to ultracold molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 73, 023414 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sanchez-Villicana, V.

S. D. Gensemer, V. Sanchez-Villicana, K. Y. N. Tan, T. T. Grove, and P. L. Gould, “Trap-loss collisions of Rb85 and Rb87: dependence on trap parameters,” Phys. Rev. A 56, 4055-4063 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Sauer, F.

W. Salzmann, U. Poschinger, R. Wester, M. Weidemüller, A. Merli, S. M. Weber, F. Sauer, M. Plewicki, F. Weise, A. M. Esparza, L. Wöste, and A. Lindinger, “Coherent control with shaped femtosecond laser pulses applied to ultracold molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 73, 023414 (2006).
[CrossRef]

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U. Schlöder, C. Silber, T. Deuschle, and C. Zimmermann, “Saturation in heteronuclear photoassociation of Li6Li7,” Phys. Rev. A 66, 061403 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Schreck, F.

E. Wille, F. M. Spiegelhalder, G. Kerner, D. Naik, A. Trenkwalder, G. Hendl, F. Schreck, R. Grimm, T. G. Tiecke, J. T. M. Walraven, S. J. J. M. F. Kokkelmans, E. Tiesinga, and P. S. Julienne, “Exploring an ultracold fermi-fermi mixture: interspecies feshbach resonances and scattering properties of Li6 and K40,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 053201 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Schreck, G. Ferrari, K. L. Corwin, J. Cubizolles, L. Khaykovich, M.-O. Mewes, and C. Salomon, “Sympathetic cooling of bosonic and fermionic lithium gases towards quantum degeneracy,” Phys. Rev. A 64, 011402 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M.-O. Mewes, G. Ferrari, F. Schreck, A. Sinatra, and C. Salomon, “Simultaneous magneto-optical trapping of two lithium isotopes,” Phys. Rev. A 61, 011403 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Schunck, C. H.

Z. Hadzibabic, S. Gupta, C. A. Stan, C. H. Schunck, M. W. Zwierlein, K. Dieckmann, and W. Ketterle, “Fiftyfold improvement in the number of quantum degenerate fermionic atoms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 160401 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schwettmann, A.

Shaffer, J. P.

Shimizu, F.

J. Kawanaka, K. Shimizu, H. Takuma, and F. Shimizu, “Quadratic collisional loss rate of a Li7 trap,” Phys. Rev. A 48, R883-R885 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shimizu, K.

J. Kawanaka, K. Shimizu, H. Takuma, and F. Shimizu, “Quadratic collisional loss rate of a Li7 trap,” Phys. Rev. A 48, R883-R885 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Silber, C.

U. Schlöder, C. Silber, T. Deuschle, and C. Zimmermann, “Saturation in heteronuclear photoassociation of Li6Li7,” Phys. Rev. A 66, 061403 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Sinatra, A.

M.-O. Mewes, G. Ferrari, F. Schreck, A. Sinatra, and C. Salomon, “Simultaneous magneto-optical trapping of two lithium isotopes,” Phys. Rev. A 61, 011403 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Spiegelhalder, F. M.

E. Wille, F. M. Spiegelhalder, G. Kerner, D. Naik, A. Trenkwalder, G. Hendl, F. Schreck, R. Grimm, T. G. Tiecke, J. T. M. Walraven, S. J. J. M. F. Kokkelmans, E. Tiesinga, and P. S. Julienne, “Exploring an ultracold fermi-fermi mixture: interspecies feshbach resonances and scattering properties of Li6 and K40,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 053201 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stan, C. A.

Z. Hadzibabic, S. Gupta, C. A. Stan, C. H. Schunck, M. W. Zwierlein, K. Dieckmann, and W. Ketterle, “Fiftyfold improvement in the number of quantum degenerate fermionic atoms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 160401 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Staudt, M. U.

R. Wester, S. D. Kraft, M. Mudrich, M. U. Staudt, J. Lange, N. Vanhaecke, O. Dulieu, and M. Weidemüller, “Photoassociation inside an optical dipole trap: absolute rate coefficients and Franck condon factors,” Appl. Phys. B 79, 993-999 (2004).
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D. A. Steck, “Rubidium 87 D Line Data,” available online at http://steck.us/alkalidata (revision 2.0.1, 2 May 2008).

Stewart, J. T.

J. P. Gaebler, J. T. Stewart, J. L. Bohn, and D. S. Jin, “p-wave feshbach molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 200403 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Strauch, F.

Stwalley, W. C.

M. Pichler, H. Chen, and W. C. Stwalley, “Photoassociation spectroscopy of ultracold Cs below the 6P3/2 limit,” J. Chem. Phys. 121, 6779-6784 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Süptitz, W.

Taglieber, M.

M. Taglieber, A.-C. Voigt, F. Henkel, S. Fray, T. W. Hänsch, and K. Dieckmann, “Simultaneous magneto-optical trapping of three atomic species,” Phys. Rev. A 73, 011402 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Takuma, H.

J. Kawanaka, K. Shimizu, H. Takuma, and F. Shimizu, “Quadratic collisional loss rate of a Li7 trap,” Phys. Rev. A 48, R883-R885 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tallant, J.

Tan, K. Y. N.

S. D. Gensemer, V. Sanchez-Villicana, K. Y. N. Tan, T. T. Grove, and P. L. Gould, “Trap-loss collisions of Rb85 and Rb87: dependence on trap parameters,” Phys. Rev. A 56, 4055-4063 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Tan, K.-Y. N.

C. D. Wallace, T. P. Dinneen, K.-Y. N. Tan, T. T. Grove, and P. L. Gould, “Isotopic difference in trap loss collisions of laser cooled rubidium atoms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 897-900 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Taylor, W.

S. G. Crane, X. Zhao, W. Taylor, and D. J. Vieira, “Trapping an isotopic mixture of fermionic Rb84 and bosonic Rb87 atoms,” Phys. Rev. A 62, 011402 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Telles, G. D.

M. W. Mancini, A. R. L. Caires, G. D. Telles, V. S. Bagnato, and L. G. Marcassa, “Trap loss rate for heteronuclear cold collisions in two species magneto-optical trap,” Eur. Phys. J. D 30, 105-116 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. G. Miranda, S. R. Muniz, G. D. Telles, L. G. Marcassa, K. Helmerson, and V. S. Bagnato, “Dark-spot atomic-beam slowing for on-axis loading of traps,” Phys. Rev. A 59, 882-885 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Tiecke, T. G.

E. Wille, F. M. Spiegelhalder, G. Kerner, D. Naik, A. Trenkwalder, G. Hendl, F. Schreck, R. Grimm, T. G. Tiecke, J. T. M. Walraven, S. J. J. M. F. Kokkelmans, E. Tiesinga, and P. S. Julienne, “Exploring an ultracold fermi-fermi mixture: interspecies feshbach resonances and scattering properties of Li6 and K40,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 053201 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tiesinga, E.

E. Wille, F. M. Spiegelhalder, G. Kerner, D. Naik, A. Trenkwalder, G. Hendl, F. Schreck, R. Grimm, T. G. Tiecke, J. T. M. Walraven, S. J. J. M. F. Kokkelmans, E. Tiesinga, and P. S. Julienne, “Exploring an ultracold fermi-fermi mixture: interspecies feshbach resonances and scattering properties of Li6 and K40,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 053201 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Trenkwalder, A.

E. Wille, F. M. Spiegelhalder, G. Kerner, D. Naik, A. Trenkwalder, G. Hendl, F. Schreck, R. Grimm, T. G. Tiecke, J. T. M. Walraven, S. J. J. M. F. Kokkelmans, E. Tiesinga, and P. S. Julienne, “Exploring an ultracold fermi-fermi mixture: interspecies feshbach resonances and scattering properties of Li6 and K40,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 053201 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

van der Strate, P.

H. J. Metcalf and P. van der Strate, Laser Cooling and Trapping (Springer, 1999).
[CrossRef]

Vanhaecke, N.

R. Wester, S. D. Kraft, M. Mudrich, M. U. Staudt, J. Lange, N. Vanhaecke, O. Dulieu, and M. Weidemüller, “Photoassociation inside an optical dipole trap: absolute rate coefficients and Franck condon factors,” Appl. Phys. B 79, 993-999 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Vieira, D. J.

S. G. Crane, X. Zhao, W. Taylor, and D. J. Vieira, “Trapping an isotopic mixture of fermionic Rb84 and bosonic Rb87 atoms,” Phys. Rev. A 62, 011402 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Voigt, A.-C.

M. Taglieber, A.-C. Voigt, F. Henkel, S. Fray, T. W. Hänsch, and K. Dieckmann, “Simultaneous magneto-optical trapping of three atomic species,” Phys. Rev. A 73, 011402 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wallace, C. D.

C. D. Wallace, T. P. Dinneen, K.-Y. N. Tan, T. T. Grove, and P. L. Gould, “Isotopic difference in trap loss collisions of laser cooled rubidium atoms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 897-900 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Walraven, J. T. M.

E. Wille, F. M. Spiegelhalder, G. Kerner, D. Naik, A. Trenkwalder, G. Hendl, F. Schreck, R. Grimm, T. G. Tiecke, J. T. M. Walraven, S. J. J. M. F. Kokkelmans, E. Tiesinga, and P. S. Julienne, “Exploring an ultracold fermi-fermi mixture: interspecies feshbach resonances and scattering properties of Li6 and K40,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 053201 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Weber, S. M.

W. Salzmann, U. Poschinger, R. Wester, M. Weidemüller, A. Merli, S. M. Weber, F. Sauer, M. Plewicki, F. Weise, A. M. Esparza, L. Wöste, and A. Lindinger, “Coherent control with shaped femtosecond laser pulses applied to ultracold molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 73, 023414 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Weidemüller, M.

W. Salzmann, U. Poschinger, R. Wester, M. Weidemüller, A. Merli, S. M. Weber, F. Sauer, M. Plewicki, F. Weise, A. M. Esparza, L. Wöste, and A. Lindinger, “Coherent control with shaped femtosecond laser pulses applied to ultracold molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 73, 023414 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. Wester, S. D. Kraft, M. Mudrich, M. U. Staudt, J. Lange, N. Vanhaecke, O. Dulieu, and M. Weidemüller, “Photoassociation inside an optical dipole trap: absolute rate coefficients and Franck condon factors,” Appl. Phys. B 79, 993-999 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Weise, F.

W. Salzmann, U. Poschinger, R. Wester, M. Weidemüller, A. Merli, S. M. Weber, F. Sauer, M. Plewicki, F. Weise, A. M. Esparza, L. Wöste, and A. Lindinger, “Coherent control with shaped femtosecond laser pulses applied to ultracold molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 73, 023414 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wester, R.

W. Salzmann, U. Poschinger, R. Wester, M. Weidemüller, A. Merli, S. M. Weber, F. Sauer, M. Plewicki, F. Weise, A. M. Esparza, L. Wöste, and A. Lindinger, “Coherent control with shaped femtosecond laser pulses applied to ultracold molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 73, 023414 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. Wester, S. D. Kraft, M. Mudrich, M. U. Staudt, J. Lange, N. Vanhaecke, O. Dulieu, and M. Weidemüller, “Photoassociation inside an optical dipole trap: absolute rate coefficients and Franck condon factors,” Appl. Phys. B 79, 993-999 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wieman, C. E.

J. J. Zirbel, K.-K. Ni, S. Ospelkaus, J. P. D'Incao, C. E. Wieman, J. Ye, and D. S. Jin, “Collisional stability of fermionic feshbach molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 143201 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wille, E.

E. Wille, F. M. Spiegelhalder, G. Kerner, D. Naik, A. Trenkwalder, G. Hendl, F. Schreck, R. Grimm, T. G. Tiecke, J. T. M. Walraven, S. J. J. M. F. Kokkelmans, E. Tiesinga, and P. S. Julienne, “Exploring an ultracold fermi-fermi mixture: interspecies feshbach resonances and scattering properties of Li6 and K40,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 053201 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wokurka, G.

Wöste, L.

W. Salzmann, U. Poschinger, R. Wester, M. Weidemüller, A. Merli, S. M. Weber, F. Sauer, M. Plewicki, F. Weise, A. M. Esparza, L. Wöste, and A. Lindinger, “Coherent control with shaped femtosecond laser pulses applied to ultracold molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 73, 023414 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ye, J.

J. J. Zirbel, K.-K. Ni, S. Ospelkaus, J. P. D'Incao, C. E. Wieman, J. Ye, and D. S. Jin, “Collisional stability of fermionic feshbach molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 143201 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zabawa, P.

Zhao, X.

S. G. Crane, X. Zhao, W. Taylor, and D. J. Vieira, “Trapping an isotopic mixture of fermionic Rb84 and bosonic Rb87 atoms,” Phys. Rev. A 62, 011402 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Zimmermann, C.

B. Deh, C. Marzok, C. Zimmermann, and P. W. Courteille, “Feshbach resonances in mixtures of ultracold Li6 and Rb87 gases,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 010701(R) (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Marzok, B. Deh, P. W. Courteille, and C. Zimmermann, “Ultracold thermalization of Li7 and Rb87,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 052704 (2007).
[CrossRef]

U. Schlöder, C. Silber, T. Deuschle, and C. Zimmermann, “Saturation in heteronuclear photoassociation of Li6Li7,” Phys. Rev. A 66, 061403 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zirbel, J. J.

J. J. Zirbel, K.-K. Ni, S. Ospelkaus, J. P. D'Incao, C. E. Wieman, J. Ye, and D. S. Jin, “Collisional stability of fermionic feshbach molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 143201 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zoller, P.

A. Micheli, G. Pupillo, H. P. Büchler, and P. Zoller, “Cold polar molecules in two-dimensional traps: tailoring interactions with external fields for novel quantum phases,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 043604 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zwierlein, M. W.

Z. Hadzibabic, S. Gupta, C. A. Stan, C. H. Schunck, M. W. Zwierlein, K. Dieckmann, and W. Ketterle, “Fiftyfold improvement in the number of quantum degenerate fermionic atoms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 160401 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

R. Wester, S. D. Kraft, M. Mudrich, M. U. Staudt, J. Lange, N. Vanhaecke, O. Dulieu, and M. Weidemüller, “Photoassociation inside an optical dipole trap: absolute rate coefficients and Franck condon factors,” Appl. Phys. B 79, 993-999 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Eur. Phys. J. D (1)

M. W. Mancini, A. R. L. Caires, G. D. Telles, V. S. Bagnato, and L. G. Marcassa, “Trap loss rate for heteronuclear cold collisions in two species magneto-optical trap,” Eur. Phys. J. D 30, 105-116 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Int. Rev. Phys. Chem. (1)

R. V. Krems, “Molecules near absolute zero and external field control of atomic and molecular dynamics,” Int. Rev. Phys. Chem. 24, 99-118 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

M. Pichler, H. Chen, and W. C. Stwalley, “Photoassociation spectroscopy of ultracold Cs below the 6P3/2 limit,” J. Chem. Phys. 121, 6779-6784 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. A (16)

S. G. Crane, X. Zhao, W. Taylor, and D. J. Vieira, “Trapping an isotopic mixture of fermionic Rb84 and bosonic Rb87 atoms,” Phys. Rev. A 62, 011402 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M.-O. Mewes, G. Ferrari, F. Schreck, A. Sinatra, and C. Salomon, “Simultaneous magneto-optical trapping of two lithium isotopes,” Phys. Rev. A 61, 011403 (1999).
[CrossRef]

T. Loftus, J. R. Bochinski, and T. W. Mossberg, “Simultaneous multi-isotope trapping of ytterbium,” Phys. Rev. A 63, 053401 (2001).
[CrossRef]

F. Schreck, G. Ferrari, K. L. Corwin, J. Cubizolles, L. Khaykovich, M.-O. Mewes, and C. Salomon, “Sympathetic cooling of bosonic and fermionic lithium gases towards quantum degeneracy,” Phys. Rev. A 64, 011402 (2001).
[CrossRef]

I. Bloch, M. Greiner, O. Mandel, T. W. Hänsch, and T. Esslinger, “Sympathetic cooling of Rb85 and Rb87,” Phys. Rev. A 64, 052704 (2001).
[CrossRef]

B. Deh, C. Marzok, C. Zimmermann, and P. W. Courteille, “Feshbach resonances in mixtures of ultracold Li6 and Rb87 gases,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 010701(R) (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Marzok, B. Deh, P. W. Courteille, and C. Zimmermann, “Ultracold thermalization of Li7 and Rb87,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 052704 (2007).
[CrossRef]

U. Schlöder, C. Silber, T. Deuschle, and C. Zimmermann, “Saturation in heteronuclear photoassociation of Li6Li7,” Phys. Rev. A 66, 061403 (2002).
[CrossRef]

W. Salzmann, U. Poschinger, R. Wester, M. Weidemüller, A. Merli, S. M. Weber, F. Sauer, M. Plewicki, F. Weise, A. M. Esparza, L. Wöste, and A. Lindinger, “Coherent control with shaped femtosecond laser pulses applied to ultracold molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 73, 023414 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Haimberger, J. Kleinert, M. Bhattacharya, and N. P. Bigelow, “Formation and detection of ultracold ground-state polar molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 021402 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Micheli, G. Pupillo, H. P. Büchler, and P. Zoller, “Cold polar molecules in two-dimensional traps: tailoring interactions with external fields for novel quantum phases,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 043604 (2007).
[CrossRef]

B. P. Anderson and M. A. Kasevich, “Enhanced loading of a magneto-optic trap from an atomic beam,” Phys. Rev. A 50, R3581-R3584 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. G. Miranda, S. R. Muniz, G. D. Telles, L. G. Marcassa, K. Helmerson, and V. S. Bagnato, “Dark-spot atomic-beam slowing for on-axis loading of traps,” Phys. Rev. A 59, 882-885 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. D. Gensemer, V. Sanchez-Villicana, K. Y. N. Tan, T. T. Grove, and P. L. Gould, “Trap-loss collisions of Rb85 and Rb87: dependence on trap parameters,” Phys. Rev. A 56, 4055-4063 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Taglieber, A.-C. Voigt, F. Henkel, S. Fray, T. W. Hänsch, and K. Dieckmann, “Simultaneous magneto-optical trapping of three atomic species,” Phys. Rev. A 73, 011402 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Kawanaka, K. Shimizu, H. Takuma, and F. Shimizu, “Quadratic collisional loss rate of a Li7 trap,” Phys. Rev. A 48, R883-R885 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (8)

C. D. Wallace, T. P. Dinneen, K.-Y. N. Tan, T. T. Grove, and P. L. Gould, “Isotopic difference in trap loss collisions of laser cooled rubidium atoms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 897-900 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. DeMille, “Quantum computation with trapped polar molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 067901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. M. Sage, S. Sainis, T. Bergeman, and D. DeMille, “Optical production of ultracold polar molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 203001 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Wille, F. M. Spiegelhalder, G. Kerner, D. Naik, A. Trenkwalder, G. Hendl, F. Schreck, R. Grimm, T. G. Tiecke, J. T. M. Walraven, S. J. J. M. F. Kokkelmans, E. Tiesinga, and P. S. Julienne, “Exploring an ultracold fermi-fermi mixture: interspecies feshbach resonances and scattering properties of Li6 and K40,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 053201 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. P. Gaebler, J. T. Stewart, J. L. Bohn, and D. S. Jin, “p-wave feshbach molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 200403 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. J. Zirbel, K.-K. Ni, S. Ospelkaus, J. P. D'Incao, C. E. Wieman, J. Ye, and D. S. Jin, “Collisional stability of fermionic feshbach molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 143201 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. R. Hudson, N. B. Gilfoy, S. Kotochigova, J. M. Sage, and D. DeMille, “Inelastic collisions of ultracold heteronuclear molecules in an optical trap,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 203201 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Hadzibabic, S. Gupta, C. A. Stan, C. H. Schunck, M. W. Zwierlein, K. Dieckmann, and W. Ketterle, “Fiftyfold improvement in the number of quantum degenerate fermionic atoms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 160401 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (3)

D. A. Steck, “Rubidium 87 D Line Data,” available online at http://steck.us/alkalidata (revision 2.0.1, 2 May 2008).

H. J. Metcalf and P. van der Strate, Laser Cooling and Trapping (Springer, 1999).
[CrossRef]

C. Graf vom Hagen, “Towards a low-dimensional degenerate fermi-fermi-bose mixture,” Ph.D. dissertation (Ruperto-Carola University, 2008).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Front view of rubidium dispensers and lithium oven.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Atomic energy levels (not to scale) and transitions used for magneto-optic trapping of lithium and rubidium atoms. A major difference between rubidium and lithium is that the hyperfine level spacings in the excited state are very large compared to the natural linewidth for rubidium ( Γ Rb = 2 π × 6.07 MHz ) while they are actually smaller than the natural linewidth for lithium ( Γ Li = 2 π × 5.87 MHz ) .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Comparison of the loading rate ( R ) , inverse loss rate ( Γ 1 ) , and steady state atom number ( N Li ) for a single species Li MOT in the absence of background Rb vapor as a function of the current supplied to the effusive oven with parameter values as defined in Table 1. The trend curves are only a guide for the eye.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Experimental loading sequence of two spatially overlapping Li 6 and Rb 87 MOTs. (1) Li is allowed to load in the absence of cold Rb in the MOT at an oven current of 9.5 A . (2) After 100 s the Rb repump light is turned on and the Rb MOT loads. The additional atom loss induced by the Rb MOT suppresses the Li MOT and results in a new steady state atom number. (3) Both MOTs are emptied by turning off the magnetic field gradient, and after a short wait time the Rb MOT is allowed to load in the absence of Li. (4) After 100 s the Li repump light is turned on and the Li MOT loads. A drop in the Rb MOT number is observed and the steady state numbers approach a new equilibrium. The reduction in the Rb 87 MOT number is 10%, a factor of 5 less than the 50% reduction observed in the Li 6 MOT number. This illustrates the nonreciprocal nature of the heteronuclear loss terms.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Optimal Parameter Settings for Each MOT in a Single Species Configuration with an Axial Field Gradient of 23 G cm 1 .

Tables Icon

Table 2 Homonuclear and Heteronuclear Collision Loss Coefficients for Rubidium and Lithium Mixtures

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

d N A d t = R A Γ A N A β A , A n A 2 d V β A , B n A n B d V ,
β A , B = R A Γ A N A β A , A ( N A ) 2 ρ A 2 d V N A N B ρ A ρ B d V .

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