Abstract

The saturation behavior of absorption and fluorescence spectra on the D2 line of Cs is presented, demonstrating a significant difference between open and closed transitions. Cs vapor is confined in an extremely thin cell (ETC) with widely tunable thickness L=(0.53)λ, where λ is the light wavelength. In the saturation regime, the closed transition demonstrates enhanced absorption in a narrow spectral interval due to the Dicke effect, while the open one demonstrates only a velocity-selective dip in the absorption. The fluorescence of open transitions shows reduced fluorescence dips, enhancing their contrast with ETC thickness. The closed transition exhibits only a small plateau around the optical transition center. Applying two-level theoretical modeling based on optical Bloch equations, a qualitative agreement with experimental observations is achieved. The rate of contrast enhancement with cell thickness is larger for the theoretical than for the experimental dips. In addition, for the closed transition a tiny peak in the fluorescence is theoretically predicted, with the first experimental confirmation presented. The sub-Doppler spectra of vapor layers with a thickness of several light wavelengths show potential for realization of precise frequency references and photonics sensors.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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  1. R. H. Romer and R. H. Dicke, “New technique for high resolution microwave spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. 99, 532-536 (1955).
    [CrossRef]
  2. S. Briaudeau, D. Bloch, and M. Ducloy, “Detection of slow atoms in laser spectroscopy of a thin vapor film,” Europhys. Lett. 35, 337-342 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  3. S. Briaudeau, S. Saltiel, G. Nihenius, D. Bloch, and M. Ducloy, “Coherent Doppler narrowing in a thin vapor cell: observation of the Dicke regime in optical domain,” Phys. Rev. A 57, R3169-R3172 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  4. D. Sarkisyan, D. Bloch, A. Papoyan, and M. Ducloy, “Sub-Doppler spectroscopy by sub micron thin Cs vapor layer,” Opt. Commun. 200, 201-208 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  5. G. Dutier, A. Yarovitski, S. Saltiel, A. Papoyan, D. Sarkisyan, D. Bloch, and M. Ducloy, “Collapse and revival of Dicke type coherent narrowing in a sub-micron-thick vapor cell transmission spectroscopy,” Europhys. Lett. 63, 35-41 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  6. D. Sarkisyan, T. Varzhapetyan, A. Sarkisyan, Yu. Malakyan, A. Papoyan, A. Lezama, D. Bloch, and M. Ducloy, “Spectroscopy in an extremely thin cell: comparing the cell length dependence in fluorescence and in absorption techniques,” Phys. Rev. A 69, 065802 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  7. C. Andreeva, S. Cartaleva, L. Petrov, S. M. Saltiel, D. Sarkisyan, T. Varzhapetyan, D. Bloch, and M. Ducloy, “Saturation effects in sub-Doppler spectroscopy of cesium vapor confined in an extremely thin cell,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 013837 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  8. A. Sargsyan, D. Sarkisyan, Y. Pashayan-Leroy, C. Leroy, P. Moroshkin, and A. Weis, “Dependence of the cesium absorption D1 linewidth on the thickness of atomic vapor column,” J. Contemp. Phys. 43, 7-12 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  9. A. Sargsyan, D. Sarkisyan, A. Papoyan, Y. Pashayan-Leroy, P. Moroshkin, A. Weis, A. Khanbekyan, E. Mariotti, and L. Moi, “Saturated absorption spectroscopy: elimination of crossover resonances by use of a nanocell,” Laser Phys. 18, 749-755 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  10. K. A. Nasyrov, “Classical description of angular-momentum motion due to optical pumping,” Phys. Rev. A 63, 043406 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  11. F. Renzoni, C. Zimmermann, P. Verkerk, and E. Arimondo, “Enhanced absorption Hanle effect on the Fg=F-->Fe=F+1 closed transitions,” J. Opt. B: Quantum Semiclassical Opt. 3, S7-S14 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  12. P. Todorov, K. Vaseva, S. Cartaleva, D. Slavov, I. Maurin, and S. Saltiel, “Absorption and fluorescence in saturation regime of Cs-vapor layer with thickness close to the light wavelength,” Proc. SPIE 7027, 1-8 (2008).
  13. H. Tajalli, S. Ahmadi, and A. Ch. Izmailov, “New sub-Doppler absorption resonances in a thin gas cell produced by means of a running monochromatic wave,” J. Opt. B: Quantum Semiclassical Opt. 4, 208-214 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  14. S. Briaudeau, D. Bloch, and M. Ducloy, “Sub-Doppler spectroscopy in thin film of resonance vapor,” Phys. Rev. A 59, 3723-3735 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  15. C. Andreeva, A. Atvars, M. Auzinsh, K. Bluss, S. Cartaleva, L. Petrov, and D. Slavov, “Ground-state magneto-optical resonances in cesium vapour confined in an extremely thin cell,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 063804 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  16. C. Andreeva, S. Cartaleva, Y. Dancheva, V. Biancalana, A. Burchianti, C. Marinelli, E. Mariotti, L. Moi, and K. Nasyrov, “Coherent spectroscopy of degenerate two-level systems in Cs,” Phys. Rev. A 66, 012502 (2002).
    [CrossRef]

2008 (3)

A. Sargsyan, D. Sarkisyan, Y. Pashayan-Leroy, C. Leroy, P. Moroshkin, and A. Weis, “Dependence of the cesium absorption D1 linewidth on the thickness of atomic vapor column,” J. Contemp. Phys. 43, 7-12 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Sargsyan, D. Sarkisyan, A. Papoyan, Y. Pashayan-Leroy, P. Moroshkin, A. Weis, A. Khanbekyan, E. Mariotti, and L. Moi, “Saturated absorption spectroscopy: elimination of crossover resonances by use of a nanocell,” Laser Phys. 18, 749-755 (2008).
[CrossRef]

P. Todorov, K. Vaseva, S. Cartaleva, D. Slavov, I. Maurin, and S. Saltiel, “Absorption and fluorescence in saturation regime of Cs-vapor layer with thickness close to the light wavelength,” Proc. SPIE 7027, 1-8 (2008).

2007 (2)

C. Andreeva, A. Atvars, M. Auzinsh, K. Bluss, S. Cartaleva, L. Petrov, and D. Slavov, “Ground-state magneto-optical resonances in cesium vapour confined in an extremely thin cell,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 063804 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Andreeva, S. Cartaleva, L. Petrov, S. M. Saltiel, D. Sarkisyan, T. Varzhapetyan, D. Bloch, and M. Ducloy, “Saturation effects in sub-Doppler spectroscopy of cesium vapor confined in an extremely thin cell,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 013837 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

D. Sarkisyan, T. Varzhapetyan, A. Sarkisyan, Yu. Malakyan, A. Papoyan, A. Lezama, D. Bloch, and M. Ducloy, “Spectroscopy in an extremely thin cell: comparing the cell length dependence in fluorescence and in absorption techniques,” Phys. Rev. A 69, 065802 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

G. Dutier, A. Yarovitski, S. Saltiel, A. Papoyan, D. Sarkisyan, D. Bloch, and M. Ducloy, “Collapse and revival of Dicke type coherent narrowing in a sub-micron-thick vapor cell transmission spectroscopy,” Europhys. Lett. 63, 35-41 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

H. Tajalli, S. Ahmadi, and A. Ch. Izmailov, “New sub-Doppler absorption resonances in a thin gas cell produced by means of a running monochromatic wave,” J. Opt. B: Quantum Semiclassical Opt. 4, 208-214 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C. Andreeva, S. Cartaleva, Y. Dancheva, V. Biancalana, A. Burchianti, C. Marinelli, E. Mariotti, L. Moi, and K. Nasyrov, “Coherent spectroscopy of degenerate two-level systems in Cs,” Phys. Rev. A 66, 012502 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (3)

K. A. Nasyrov, “Classical description of angular-momentum motion due to optical pumping,” Phys. Rev. A 63, 043406 (2001).
[CrossRef]

F. Renzoni, C. Zimmermann, P. Verkerk, and E. Arimondo, “Enhanced absorption Hanle effect on the Fg=F-->Fe=F+1 closed transitions,” J. Opt. B: Quantum Semiclassical Opt. 3, S7-S14 (2001).
[CrossRef]

D. Sarkisyan, D. Bloch, A. Papoyan, and M. Ducloy, “Sub-Doppler spectroscopy by sub micron thin Cs vapor layer,” Opt. Commun. 200, 201-208 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

S. Briaudeau, D. Bloch, and M. Ducloy, “Sub-Doppler spectroscopy in thin film of resonance vapor,” Phys. Rev. A 59, 3723-3735 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

S. Briaudeau, S. Saltiel, G. Nihenius, D. Bloch, and M. Ducloy, “Coherent Doppler narrowing in a thin vapor cell: observation of the Dicke regime in optical domain,” Phys. Rev. A 57, R3169-R3172 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

S. Briaudeau, D. Bloch, and M. Ducloy, “Detection of slow atoms in laser spectroscopy of a thin vapor film,” Europhys. Lett. 35, 337-342 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1955 (1)

R. H. Romer and R. H. Dicke, “New technique for high resolution microwave spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. 99, 532-536 (1955).
[CrossRef]

Ahmadi, S.

H. Tajalli, S. Ahmadi, and A. Ch. Izmailov, “New sub-Doppler absorption resonances in a thin gas cell produced by means of a running monochromatic wave,” J. Opt. B: Quantum Semiclassical Opt. 4, 208-214 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Andreeva, C.

C. Andreeva, A. Atvars, M. Auzinsh, K. Bluss, S. Cartaleva, L. Petrov, and D. Slavov, “Ground-state magneto-optical resonances in cesium vapour confined in an extremely thin cell,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 063804 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Andreeva, S. Cartaleva, L. Petrov, S. M. Saltiel, D. Sarkisyan, T. Varzhapetyan, D. Bloch, and M. Ducloy, “Saturation effects in sub-Doppler spectroscopy of cesium vapor confined in an extremely thin cell,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 013837 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Andreeva, S. Cartaleva, Y. Dancheva, V. Biancalana, A. Burchianti, C. Marinelli, E. Mariotti, L. Moi, and K. Nasyrov, “Coherent spectroscopy of degenerate two-level systems in Cs,” Phys. Rev. A 66, 012502 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Arimondo, E.

F. Renzoni, C. Zimmermann, P. Verkerk, and E. Arimondo, “Enhanced absorption Hanle effect on the Fg=F-->Fe=F+1 closed transitions,” J. Opt. B: Quantum Semiclassical Opt. 3, S7-S14 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Atvars, A.

C. Andreeva, A. Atvars, M. Auzinsh, K. Bluss, S. Cartaleva, L. Petrov, and D. Slavov, “Ground-state magneto-optical resonances in cesium vapour confined in an extremely thin cell,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 063804 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Auzinsh, M.

C. Andreeva, A. Atvars, M. Auzinsh, K. Bluss, S. Cartaleva, L. Petrov, and D. Slavov, “Ground-state magneto-optical resonances in cesium vapour confined in an extremely thin cell,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 063804 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Biancalana, V.

C. Andreeva, S. Cartaleva, Y. Dancheva, V. Biancalana, A. Burchianti, C. Marinelli, E. Mariotti, L. Moi, and K. Nasyrov, “Coherent spectroscopy of degenerate two-level systems in Cs,” Phys. Rev. A 66, 012502 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Bloch, D.

C. Andreeva, S. Cartaleva, L. Petrov, S. M. Saltiel, D. Sarkisyan, T. Varzhapetyan, D. Bloch, and M. Ducloy, “Saturation effects in sub-Doppler spectroscopy of cesium vapor confined in an extremely thin cell,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 013837 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. Sarkisyan, T. Varzhapetyan, A. Sarkisyan, Yu. Malakyan, A. Papoyan, A. Lezama, D. Bloch, and M. Ducloy, “Spectroscopy in an extremely thin cell: comparing the cell length dependence in fluorescence and in absorption techniques,” Phys. Rev. A 69, 065802 (2004).
[CrossRef]

G. Dutier, A. Yarovitski, S. Saltiel, A. Papoyan, D. Sarkisyan, D. Bloch, and M. Ducloy, “Collapse and revival of Dicke type coherent narrowing in a sub-micron-thick vapor cell transmission spectroscopy,” Europhys. Lett. 63, 35-41 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. Sarkisyan, D. Bloch, A. Papoyan, and M. Ducloy, “Sub-Doppler spectroscopy by sub micron thin Cs vapor layer,” Opt. Commun. 200, 201-208 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S. Briaudeau, D. Bloch, and M. Ducloy, “Sub-Doppler spectroscopy in thin film of resonance vapor,” Phys. Rev. A 59, 3723-3735 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. Briaudeau, S. Saltiel, G. Nihenius, D. Bloch, and M. Ducloy, “Coherent Doppler narrowing in a thin vapor cell: observation of the Dicke regime in optical domain,” Phys. Rev. A 57, R3169-R3172 (1998).
[CrossRef]

S. Briaudeau, D. Bloch, and M. Ducloy, “Detection of slow atoms in laser spectroscopy of a thin vapor film,” Europhys. Lett. 35, 337-342 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Bluss, K.

C. Andreeva, A. Atvars, M. Auzinsh, K. Bluss, S. Cartaleva, L. Petrov, and D. Slavov, “Ground-state magneto-optical resonances in cesium vapour confined in an extremely thin cell,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 063804 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Briaudeau, S.

S. Briaudeau, D. Bloch, and M. Ducloy, “Sub-Doppler spectroscopy in thin film of resonance vapor,” Phys. Rev. A 59, 3723-3735 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. Briaudeau, S. Saltiel, G. Nihenius, D. Bloch, and M. Ducloy, “Coherent Doppler narrowing in a thin vapor cell: observation of the Dicke regime in optical domain,” Phys. Rev. A 57, R3169-R3172 (1998).
[CrossRef]

S. Briaudeau, D. Bloch, and M. Ducloy, “Detection of slow atoms in laser spectroscopy of a thin vapor film,” Europhys. Lett. 35, 337-342 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Burchianti, A.

C. Andreeva, S. Cartaleva, Y. Dancheva, V. Biancalana, A. Burchianti, C. Marinelli, E. Mariotti, L. Moi, and K. Nasyrov, “Coherent spectroscopy of degenerate two-level systems in Cs,” Phys. Rev. A 66, 012502 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Cartaleva, S.

P. Todorov, K. Vaseva, S. Cartaleva, D. Slavov, I. Maurin, and S. Saltiel, “Absorption and fluorescence in saturation regime of Cs-vapor layer with thickness close to the light wavelength,” Proc. SPIE 7027, 1-8 (2008).

C. Andreeva, A. Atvars, M. Auzinsh, K. Bluss, S. Cartaleva, L. Petrov, and D. Slavov, “Ground-state magneto-optical resonances in cesium vapour confined in an extremely thin cell,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 063804 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Andreeva, S. Cartaleva, L. Petrov, S. M. Saltiel, D. Sarkisyan, T. Varzhapetyan, D. Bloch, and M. Ducloy, “Saturation effects in sub-Doppler spectroscopy of cesium vapor confined in an extremely thin cell,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 013837 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Andreeva, S. Cartaleva, Y. Dancheva, V. Biancalana, A. Burchianti, C. Marinelli, E. Mariotti, L. Moi, and K. Nasyrov, “Coherent spectroscopy of degenerate two-level systems in Cs,” Phys. Rev. A 66, 012502 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Dancheva, Y.

C. Andreeva, S. Cartaleva, Y. Dancheva, V. Biancalana, A. Burchianti, C. Marinelli, E. Mariotti, L. Moi, and K. Nasyrov, “Coherent spectroscopy of degenerate two-level systems in Cs,” Phys. Rev. A 66, 012502 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Dicke, R. H.

R. H. Romer and R. H. Dicke, “New technique for high resolution microwave spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. 99, 532-536 (1955).
[CrossRef]

Ducloy, M.

C. Andreeva, S. Cartaleva, L. Petrov, S. M. Saltiel, D. Sarkisyan, T. Varzhapetyan, D. Bloch, and M. Ducloy, “Saturation effects in sub-Doppler spectroscopy of cesium vapor confined in an extremely thin cell,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 013837 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. Sarkisyan, T. Varzhapetyan, A. Sarkisyan, Yu. Malakyan, A. Papoyan, A. Lezama, D. Bloch, and M. Ducloy, “Spectroscopy in an extremely thin cell: comparing the cell length dependence in fluorescence and in absorption techniques,” Phys. Rev. A 69, 065802 (2004).
[CrossRef]

G. Dutier, A. Yarovitski, S. Saltiel, A. Papoyan, D. Sarkisyan, D. Bloch, and M. Ducloy, “Collapse and revival of Dicke type coherent narrowing in a sub-micron-thick vapor cell transmission spectroscopy,” Europhys. Lett. 63, 35-41 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. Sarkisyan, D. Bloch, A. Papoyan, and M. Ducloy, “Sub-Doppler spectroscopy by sub micron thin Cs vapor layer,” Opt. Commun. 200, 201-208 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S. Briaudeau, D. Bloch, and M. Ducloy, “Sub-Doppler spectroscopy in thin film of resonance vapor,” Phys. Rev. A 59, 3723-3735 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. Briaudeau, S. Saltiel, G. Nihenius, D. Bloch, and M. Ducloy, “Coherent Doppler narrowing in a thin vapor cell: observation of the Dicke regime in optical domain,” Phys. Rev. A 57, R3169-R3172 (1998).
[CrossRef]

S. Briaudeau, D. Bloch, and M. Ducloy, “Detection of slow atoms in laser spectroscopy of a thin vapor film,” Europhys. Lett. 35, 337-342 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Dutier, G.

G. Dutier, A. Yarovitski, S. Saltiel, A. Papoyan, D. Sarkisyan, D. Bloch, and M. Ducloy, “Collapse and revival of Dicke type coherent narrowing in a sub-micron-thick vapor cell transmission spectroscopy,” Europhys. Lett. 63, 35-41 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Izmailov, A. Ch.

H. Tajalli, S. Ahmadi, and A. Ch. Izmailov, “New sub-Doppler absorption resonances in a thin gas cell produced by means of a running monochromatic wave,” J. Opt. B: Quantum Semiclassical Opt. 4, 208-214 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Khanbekyan, A.

A. Sargsyan, D. Sarkisyan, A. Papoyan, Y. Pashayan-Leroy, P. Moroshkin, A. Weis, A. Khanbekyan, E. Mariotti, and L. Moi, “Saturated absorption spectroscopy: elimination of crossover resonances by use of a nanocell,” Laser Phys. 18, 749-755 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Leroy, C.

A. Sargsyan, D. Sarkisyan, Y. Pashayan-Leroy, C. Leroy, P. Moroshkin, and A. Weis, “Dependence of the cesium absorption D1 linewidth on the thickness of atomic vapor column,” J. Contemp. Phys. 43, 7-12 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lezama, A.

D. Sarkisyan, T. Varzhapetyan, A. Sarkisyan, Yu. Malakyan, A. Papoyan, A. Lezama, D. Bloch, and M. Ducloy, “Spectroscopy in an extremely thin cell: comparing the cell length dependence in fluorescence and in absorption techniques,” Phys. Rev. A 69, 065802 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Malakyan, Yu.

D. Sarkisyan, T. Varzhapetyan, A. Sarkisyan, Yu. Malakyan, A. Papoyan, A. Lezama, D. Bloch, and M. Ducloy, “Spectroscopy in an extremely thin cell: comparing the cell length dependence in fluorescence and in absorption techniques,” Phys. Rev. A 69, 065802 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Marinelli, C.

C. Andreeva, S. Cartaleva, Y. Dancheva, V. Biancalana, A. Burchianti, C. Marinelli, E. Mariotti, L. Moi, and K. Nasyrov, “Coherent spectroscopy of degenerate two-level systems in Cs,” Phys. Rev. A 66, 012502 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Mariotti, E.

A. Sargsyan, D. Sarkisyan, A. Papoyan, Y. Pashayan-Leroy, P. Moroshkin, A. Weis, A. Khanbekyan, E. Mariotti, and L. Moi, “Saturated absorption spectroscopy: elimination of crossover resonances by use of a nanocell,” Laser Phys. 18, 749-755 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Andreeva, S. Cartaleva, Y. Dancheva, V. Biancalana, A. Burchianti, C. Marinelli, E. Mariotti, L. Moi, and K. Nasyrov, “Coherent spectroscopy of degenerate two-level systems in Cs,” Phys. Rev. A 66, 012502 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Maurin, I.

P. Todorov, K. Vaseva, S. Cartaleva, D. Slavov, I. Maurin, and S. Saltiel, “Absorption and fluorescence in saturation regime of Cs-vapor layer with thickness close to the light wavelength,” Proc. SPIE 7027, 1-8 (2008).

Moi, L.

A. Sargsyan, D. Sarkisyan, A. Papoyan, Y. Pashayan-Leroy, P. Moroshkin, A. Weis, A. Khanbekyan, E. Mariotti, and L. Moi, “Saturated absorption spectroscopy: elimination of crossover resonances by use of a nanocell,” Laser Phys. 18, 749-755 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Andreeva, S. Cartaleva, Y. Dancheva, V. Biancalana, A. Burchianti, C. Marinelli, E. Mariotti, L. Moi, and K. Nasyrov, “Coherent spectroscopy of degenerate two-level systems in Cs,” Phys. Rev. A 66, 012502 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Moroshkin, P.

A. Sargsyan, D. Sarkisyan, A. Papoyan, Y. Pashayan-Leroy, P. Moroshkin, A. Weis, A. Khanbekyan, E. Mariotti, and L. Moi, “Saturated absorption spectroscopy: elimination of crossover resonances by use of a nanocell,” Laser Phys. 18, 749-755 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Sargsyan, D. Sarkisyan, Y. Pashayan-Leroy, C. Leroy, P. Moroshkin, and A. Weis, “Dependence of the cesium absorption D1 linewidth on the thickness of atomic vapor column,” J. Contemp. Phys. 43, 7-12 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nasyrov, K.

C. Andreeva, S. Cartaleva, Y. Dancheva, V. Biancalana, A. Burchianti, C. Marinelli, E. Mariotti, L. Moi, and K. Nasyrov, “Coherent spectroscopy of degenerate two-level systems in Cs,” Phys. Rev. A 66, 012502 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Nasyrov, K. A.

K. A. Nasyrov, “Classical description of angular-momentum motion due to optical pumping,” Phys. Rev. A 63, 043406 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Nihenius, G.

S. Briaudeau, S. Saltiel, G. Nihenius, D. Bloch, and M. Ducloy, “Coherent Doppler narrowing in a thin vapor cell: observation of the Dicke regime in optical domain,” Phys. Rev. A 57, R3169-R3172 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Papoyan, A.

A. Sargsyan, D. Sarkisyan, A. Papoyan, Y. Pashayan-Leroy, P. Moroshkin, A. Weis, A. Khanbekyan, E. Mariotti, and L. Moi, “Saturated absorption spectroscopy: elimination of crossover resonances by use of a nanocell,” Laser Phys. 18, 749-755 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. Sarkisyan, T. Varzhapetyan, A. Sarkisyan, Yu. Malakyan, A. Papoyan, A. Lezama, D. Bloch, and M. Ducloy, “Spectroscopy in an extremely thin cell: comparing the cell length dependence in fluorescence and in absorption techniques,” Phys. Rev. A 69, 065802 (2004).
[CrossRef]

G. Dutier, A. Yarovitski, S. Saltiel, A. Papoyan, D. Sarkisyan, D. Bloch, and M. Ducloy, “Collapse and revival of Dicke type coherent narrowing in a sub-micron-thick vapor cell transmission spectroscopy,” Europhys. Lett. 63, 35-41 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. Sarkisyan, D. Bloch, A. Papoyan, and M. Ducloy, “Sub-Doppler spectroscopy by sub micron thin Cs vapor layer,” Opt. Commun. 200, 201-208 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Pashayan-Leroy, Y.

A. Sargsyan, D. Sarkisyan, A. Papoyan, Y. Pashayan-Leroy, P. Moroshkin, A. Weis, A. Khanbekyan, E. Mariotti, and L. Moi, “Saturated absorption spectroscopy: elimination of crossover resonances by use of a nanocell,” Laser Phys. 18, 749-755 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Sargsyan, D. Sarkisyan, Y. Pashayan-Leroy, C. Leroy, P. Moroshkin, and A. Weis, “Dependence of the cesium absorption D1 linewidth on the thickness of atomic vapor column,” J. Contemp. Phys. 43, 7-12 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Petrov, L.

C. Andreeva, A. Atvars, M. Auzinsh, K. Bluss, S. Cartaleva, L. Petrov, and D. Slavov, “Ground-state magneto-optical resonances in cesium vapour confined in an extremely thin cell,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 063804 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Andreeva, S. Cartaleva, L. Petrov, S. M. Saltiel, D. Sarkisyan, T. Varzhapetyan, D. Bloch, and M. Ducloy, “Saturation effects in sub-Doppler spectroscopy of cesium vapor confined in an extremely thin cell,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 013837 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Renzoni, F.

F. Renzoni, C. Zimmermann, P. Verkerk, and E. Arimondo, “Enhanced absorption Hanle effect on the Fg=F-->Fe=F+1 closed transitions,” J. Opt. B: Quantum Semiclassical Opt. 3, S7-S14 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Romer, R. H.

R. H. Romer and R. H. Dicke, “New technique for high resolution microwave spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. 99, 532-536 (1955).
[CrossRef]

Saltiel, S.

P. Todorov, K. Vaseva, S. Cartaleva, D. Slavov, I. Maurin, and S. Saltiel, “Absorption and fluorescence in saturation regime of Cs-vapor layer with thickness close to the light wavelength,” Proc. SPIE 7027, 1-8 (2008).

G. Dutier, A. Yarovitski, S. Saltiel, A. Papoyan, D. Sarkisyan, D. Bloch, and M. Ducloy, “Collapse and revival of Dicke type coherent narrowing in a sub-micron-thick vapor cell transmission spectroscopy,” Europhys. Lett. 63, 35-41 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. Briaudeau, S. Saltiel, G. Nihenius, D. Bloch, and M. Ducloy, “Coherent Doppler narrowing in a thin vapor cell: observation of the Dicke regime in optical domain,” Phys. Rev. A 57, R3169-R3172 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Saltiel, S. M.

C. Andreeva, S. Cartaleva, L. Petrov, S. M. Saltiel, D. Sarkisyan, T. Varzhapetyan, D. Bloch, and M. Ducloy, “Saturation effects in sub-Doppler spectroscopy of cesium vapor confined in an extremely thin cell,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 013837 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sargsyan, A.

A. Sargsyan, D. Sarkisyan, Y. Pashayan-Leroy, C. Leroy, P. Moroshkin, and A. Weis, “Dependence of the cesium absorption D1 linewidth on the thickness of atomic vapor column,” J. Contemp. Phys. 43, 7-12 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Sargsyan, D. Sarkisyan, A. Papoyan, Y. Pashayan-Leroy, P. Moroshkin, A. Weis, A. Khanbekyan, E. Mariotti, and L. Moi, “Saturated absorption spectroscopy: elimination of crossover resonances by use of a nanocell,” Laser Phys. 18, 749-755 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sarkisyan, A.

D. Sarkisyan, T. Varzhapetyan, A. Sarkisyan, Yu. Malakyan, A. Papoyan, A. Lezama, D. Bloch, and M. Ducloy, “Spectroscopy in an extremely thin cell: comparing the cell length dependence in fluorescence and in absorption techniques,” Phys. Rev. A 69, 065802 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sarkisyan, D.

A. Sargsyan, D. Sarkisyan, Y. Pashayan-Leroy, C. Leroy, P. Moroshkin, and A. Weis, “Dependence of the cesium absorption D1 linewidth on the thickness of atomic vapor column,” J. Contemp. Phys. 43, 7-12 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Sargsyan, D. Sarkisyan, A. Papoyan, Y. Pashayan-Leroy, P. Moroshkin, A. Weis, A. Khanbekyan, E. Mariotti, and L. Moi, “Saturated absorption spectroscopy: elimination of crossover resonances by use of a nanocell,” Laser Phys. 18, 749-755 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Andreeva, S. Cartaleva, L. Petrov, S. M. Saltiel, D. Sarkisyan, T. Varzhapetyan, D. Bloch, and M. Ducloy, “Saturation effects in sub-Doppler spectroscopy of cesium vapor confined in an extremely thin cell,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 013837 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. Sarkisyan, T. Varzhapetyan, A. Sarkisyan, Yu. Malakyan, A. Papoyan, A. Lezama, D. Bloch, and M. Ducloy, “Spectroscopy in an extremely thin cell: comparing the cell length dependence in fluorescence and in absorption techniques,” Phys. Rev. A 69, 065802 (2004).
[CrossRef]

G. Dutier, A. Yarovitski, S. Saltiel, A. Papoyan, D. Sarkisyan, D. Bloch, and M. Ducloy, “Collapse and revival of Dicke type coherent narrowing in a sub-micron-thick vapor cell transmission spectroscopy,” Europhys. Lett. 63, 35-41 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. Sarkisyan, D. Bloch, A. Papoyan, and M. Ducloy, “Sub-Doppler spectroscopy by sub micron thin Cs vapor layer,” Opt. Commun. 200, 201-208 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Slavov, D.

P. Todorov, K. Vaseva, S. Cartaleva, D. Slavov, I. Maurin, and S. Saltiel, “Absorption and fluorescence in saturation regime of Cs-vapor layer with thickness close to the light wavelength,” Proc. SPIE 7027, 1-8 (2008).

C. Andreeva, A. Atvars, M. Auzinsh, K. Bluss, S. Cartaleva, L. Petrov, and D. Slavov, “Ground-state magneto-optical resonances in cesium vapour confined in an extremely thin cell,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 063804 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tajalli, H.

H. Tajalli, S. Ahmadi, and A. Ch. Izmailov, “New sub-Doppler absorption resonances in a thin gas cell produced by means of a running monochromatic wave,” J. Opt. B: Quantum Semiclassical Opt. 4, 208-214 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Todorov, P.

P. Todorov, K. Vaseva, S. Cartaleva, D. Slavov, I. Maurin, and S. Saltiel, “Absorption and fluorescence in saturation regime of Cs-vapor layer with thickness close to the light wavelength,” Proc. SPIE 7027, 1-8 (2008).

Varzhapetyan, T.

C. Andreeva, S. Cartaleva, L. Petrov, S. M. Saltiel, D. Sarkisyan, T. Varzhapetyan, D. Bloch, and M. Ducloy, “Saturation effects in sub-Doppler spectroscopy of cesium vapor confined in an extremely thin cell,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 013837 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. Sarkisyan, T. Varzhapetyan, A. Sarkisyan, Yu. Malakyan, A. Papoyan, A. Lezama, D. Bloch, and M. Ducloy, “Spectroscopy in an extremely thin cell: comparing the cell length dependence in fluorescence and in absorption techniques,” Phys. Rev. A 69, 065802 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Vaseva, K.

P. Todorov, K. Vaseva, S. Cartaleva, D. Slavov, I. Maurin, and S. Saltiel, “Absorption and fluorescence in saturation regime of Cs-vapor layer with thickness close to the light wavelength,” Proc. SPIE 7027, 1-8 (2008).

Verkerk, P.

F. Renzoni, C. Zimmermann, P. Verkerk, and E. Arimondo, “Enhanced absorption Hanle effect on the Fg=F-->Fe=F+1 closed transitions,” J. Opt. B: Quantum Semiclassical Opt. 3, S7-S14 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Weis, A.

A. Sargsyan, D. Sarkisyan, Y. Pashayan-Leroy, C. Leroy, P. Moroshkin, and A. Weis, “Dependence of the cesium absorption D1 linewidth on the thickness of atomic vapor column,” J. Contemp. Phys. 43, 7-12 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Sargsyan, D. Sarkisyan, A. Papoyan, Y. Pashayan-Leroy, P. Moroshkin, A. Weis, A. Khanbekyan, E. Mariotti, and L. Moi, “Saturated absorption spectroscopy: elimination of crossover resonances by use of a nanocell,” Laser Phys. 18, 749-755 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yarovitski, A.

G. Dutier, A. Yarovitski, S. Saltiel, A. Papoyan, D. Sarkisyan, D. Bloch, and M. Ducloy, “Collapse and revival of Dicke type coherent narrowing in a sub-micron-thick vapor cell transmission spectroscopy,” Europhys. Lett. 63, 35-41 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Zimmermann, C.

F. Renzoni, C. Zimmermann, P. Verkerk, and E. Arimondo, “Enhanced absorption Hanle effect on the Fg=F-->Fe=F+1 closed transitions,” J. Opt. B: Quantum Semiclassical Opt. 3, S7-S14 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Europhys. Lett. (2)

S. Briaudeau, D. Bloch, and M. Ducloy, “Detection of slow atoms in laser spectroscopy of a thin vapor film,” Europhys. Lett. 35, 337-342 (1996).
[CrossRef]

G. Dutier, A. Yarovitski, S. Saltiel, A. Papoyan, D. Sarkisyan, D. Bloch, and M. Ducloy, “Collapse and revival of Dicke type coherent narrowing in a sub-micron-thick vapor cell transmission spectroscopy,” Europhys. Lett. 63, 35-41 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Contemp. Phys. (1)

A. Sargsyan, D. Sarkisyan, Y. Pashayan-Leroy, C. Leroy, P. Moroshkin, and A. Weis, “Dependence of the cesium absorption D1 linewidth on the thickness of atomic vapor column,” J. Contemp. Phys. 43, 7-12 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. B: Quantum Semiclassical Opt. (2)

H. Tajalli, S. Ahmadi, and A. Ch. Izmailov, “New sub-Doppler absorption resonances in a thin gas cell produced by means of a running monochromatic wave,” J. Opt. B: Quantum Semiclassical Opt. 4, 208-214 (2002).
[CrossRef]

F. Renzoni, C. Zimmermann, P. Verkerk, and E. Arimondo, “Enhanced absorption Hanle effect on the Fg=F-->Fe=F+1 closed transitions,” J. Opt. B: Quantum Semiclassical Opt. 3, S7-S14 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Laser Phys. (1)

A. Sargsyan, D. Sarkisyan, A. Papoyan, Y. Pashayan-Leroy, P. Moroshkin, A. Weis, A. Khanbekyan, E. Mariotti, and L. Moi, “Saturated absorption spectroscopy: elimination of crossover resonances by use of a nanocell,” Laser Phys. 18, 749-755 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

D. Sarkisyan, D. Bloch, A. Papoyan, and M. Ducloy, “Sub-Doppler spectroscopy by sub micron thin Cs vapor layer,” Opt. Commun. 200, 201-208 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. (1)

R. H. Romer and R. H. Dicke, “New technique for high resolution microwave spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. 99, 532-536 (1955).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A (7)

S. Briaudeau, S. Saltiel, G. Nihenius, D. Bloch, and M. Ducloy, “Coherent Doppler narrowing in a thin vapor cell: observation of the Dicke regime in optical domain,” Phys. Rev. A 57, R3169-R3172 (1998).
[CrossRef]

K. A. Nasyrov, “Classical description of angular-momentum motion due to optical pumping,” Phys. Rev. A 63, 043406 (2001).
[CrossRef]

D. Sarkisyan, T. Varzhapetyan, A. Sarkisyan, Yu. Malakyan, A. Papoyan, A. Lezama, D. Bloch, and M. Ducloy, “Spectroscopy in an extremely thin cell: comparing the cell length dependence in fluorescence and in absorption techniques,” Phys. Rev. A 69, 065802 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. Andreeva, S. Cartaleva, L. Petrov, S. M. Saltiel, D. Sarkisyan, T. Varzhapetyan, D. Bloch, and M. Ducloy, “Saturation effects in sub-Doppler spectroscopy of cesium vapor confined in an extremely thin cell,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 013837 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Briaudeau, D. Bloch, and M. Ducloy, “Sub-Doppler spectroscopy in thin film of resonance vapor,” Phys. Rev. A 59, 3723-3735 (1999).
[CrossRef]

C. Andreeva, A. Atvars, M. Auzinsh, K. Bluss, S. Cartaleva, L. Petrov, and D. Slavov, “Ground-state magneto-optical resonances in cesium vapour confined in an extremely thin cell,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 063804 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Andreeva, S. Cartaleva, Y. Dancheva, V. Biancalana, A. Burchianti, C. Marinelli, E. Mariotti, L. Moi, and K. Nasyrov, “Coherent spectroscopy of degenerate two-level systems in Cs,” Phys. Rev. A 66, 012502 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE (1)

P. Todorov, K. Vaseva, S. Cartaleva, D. Slavov, I. Maurin, and S. Saltiel, “Absorption and fluorescence in saturation regime of Cs-vapor layer with thickness close to the light wavelength,” Proc. SPIE 7027, 1-8 (2008).

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup. DL, diode laser; F, neutral density filters; ETC, extremely thin cell; 1, conventional cell; 2, photodiodes.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Energy-level diagram for the D 2 line of Cs 133 . Open transitions (dashed lines) are distinguished from the closed transition (solid line).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Transmission spectra of the F g = 4 set of transitions, for (a) low ( 0.2 mW cm 2 ) and (b) high ( 20 mW cm 2 ) light intensities.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Fluorescence spectra for (a) F g = 3 and (b) F g = 4 sets of transitions; the light intensity is 50 mW cm 2 .

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Illustration of saturation and optical pumping for the (a) open transition in terms of Zeeman optical pumping F g = 3 F e = 2 transition and (b) the closed F g = 4 F e = 5 transition.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Theoretical calculations of the transmission (absorption) profiles for (a), (c) the open and (b), (d) closed transitions performed at (a), (b) low and (c), (d) high laser light intensities.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Theoretical calculations of the fluorescence profile for (a) open and (b) closed transitions, at laser light intensity of 50 mW cm 2 .

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Experimental absorption and fluorescence spectra at low alkali source temperature (48 °C) and narrow width laser. For F g = 4 F e = 5 transition, the accumulation of slow atoms in the most absorbing ground state is demonstrated.

Equations (7)

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v d σ 21 d z + D 21 σ 21 i Ω R 2 ( σ 11 σ 22 ) = 0 ,
v d σ 22 d z + γ 2 σ 22 Ω R Im σ 21 = 0 ,
v d σ 11 d z α γ 2 σ 22 + Ω R Im σ 21 = 0 ,
A = 0 G ( v ) exp [ ( k v k u ) 2 ] d v ,
G ( v ) = 0 L Im [ σ 21 ( z , v ) ] d z .
U = 0 Q ( v ) exp [ ( k v k u ) 2 ] d v ,
Q ( v ) = 0 L [ σ 22 ( z , v ) ] d z .

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