Based on the framework of the spin-flip model (SFM) for GHz level modulation frequency, the polarization performances of current-modulated vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers (VCSELs) subject to weak optical feedback have been theoretically investigated. The results show that, for type 1 polarization switching (PS), the influences of optical feedback intensity and the current modulation amplitude on the high-frequency modulation response is not obvious. For low-frequency modulation, optical feedback will result in the output of a VCSEL having rich dynamics. A new style PS can be obtained under large-signal modulation through adjusting the modulation frequency. For type 2 PS the situation is more complex, and optical feedback increases the probability of polarization conversion and competition, while also affecting the PS point. The modulation amplitude also affects the output dynamics of the VCSEL.
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