Abstract

We characterized a Ni-like silver soft x-ray laser realized as, what we believe is, a new variant of the grazing incidence pumping (GRIP) scheme. The x-ray laser was pumped by a single profiled laser pulse from a 10Hz Ti:sapphire laser system. The Ni-like Ag x-ray laser was saturated with a gain coefficient of 76cm1 and an effective gain-length product of 28.2. The spatial characteristics of the new version of GRIP x-ray laser are presented including the far- and near-field beam profiles. Computational modeling of the lasing conditions was used to provide some qualitative explanations of the physical processes occurring in the x-ray laser. Additionally, we obtained some preliminary results on the injection seeding technique applied to the Ni-like Ag active medium using the 59th harmonic of the Ti:sapphire laser pulse as the seed. The single-pulse variant of the pumping scheme proved to be a stable and simple configuration of the table-top x-ray lasers also suitable for the injector-amplifier arrangement.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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  1. P. V. Nickles, V. N. Shlyaptsev, M. Kalachnikov, M. Schnürer, I. Will, and W. Sandner, “Short pulse x-ray laser at 32.6nm based on transient gain in Ne-like titanium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 2748-2751 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. Dunn, A. L. Osterheld, R. Shepherd, W. E. White, V. N. Shlyaptsev, and R. E. Stewart, “Demonstration of x-ray amplification in transient gain nickel-like palladium scheme,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 2825-2828 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  3. J. Dunn, Y. Li, A. L. Osterheld, J. Nilsen, J. R. Hunter, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, “Gain saturation regime for laser-driven tabletop, transient Ni-like ion x-ray lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4834-4837 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. B. R. Benware, C. D. Macchietto, C. H. Moreno, and J. J. Rocca, “Demonstration of a high average power tabletop soft x-ray laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5804-5807 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  5. S. Sebban, R. Haroutunian, Ph. Balcou, G. Grillon, A. Rousse, S. Kazamias, T. Marin, J. P. Rousseau, L. Notebaert, M. Pittman, J. P. Chambaret, A. Antonetti, D. Hulin, D. Ros, A. Klisnick, A. Carillon, P. Jaeglé, G. Jamelot, and J. F. Wyart, “Saturated amplification of a collisionally pumped optical-field-ionization soft x-ray laser at 41.8nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3004-3007 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. R. Keenan, J. Dunn, P. K. Patel, D. F. Price, R. F. Smith, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, “High-repetition-rate grazing-incidence pumped x-ray laser operating at 18.9nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 103901 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. J. J. Rocca, Y. Wang, M. A. Larotonda, B. M. Luther, M. Berrill, and D. Alessi, “Saturated 13.2nm high-repetition-rate laser in nickel like cadmium,” Opt. Lett. 30, 2581-2583 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. Y. Wang, M. A. Larotonda, B. M. Luther, D. Alessi, M. Berrill, V. N. Shlyaptsev, and J. J. Rocca, “Demonstration of high-repetition-rate tabletop soft-x-ray lasers with saturated output at wavelengths down to 13.9nm and gain down to 10.9nm,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 053807 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  9. J. Tümmler, K. A. Janulewicz, G. Priebe, and P. V. Nickles, “10-Hz grazing-incidence pumped Ni-like Mo x-ray laser,” Phys. Rev. E 72, 037401 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  10. K. A. Janulewicz, A. Lucianetti, G. Priebe, W. Sandner, and P. V. Nickles, “Saturated Ni-like Ag x-ray laser at 13.9nm pumped by a single picosecond laser pulse,” Phys. Rev. A 68, 051802 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  11. K. A. Janulewicz, J. Tümmler, G. Priebe, and P. V. Nickles, “Plasma-kinetics perspective on a collisional Ni-like x-ray laser pumped by a single profiled laser pulse,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 043825 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  12. H. T. Kim, I. W. Choi, N. Hafz, J. H. Sung, T. J. Yu, K.-H. Hong, T. M. Jeong, J.-H. Kim, Y.-C. Noh, D.-K. Ko, J. Tümmler, P. V. Nickles, K. A. Janulewicz, and J. Lee, “Generation of Ni-like Ag x-ray laser and high-order harmonics forward harmonic seeded x-ray laser,” in X-ray Lasers 2006, Proceedings of the 10th International Conference, P.V.Nickles and K.A.Janulewicz, ed. (Springer, 2007), pp. 183-189.
  13. H. T. Kim, I. W. Choi, N. Hafz, J. H. Sung, T. J. Yu, K.-H. Hong, T. M. Jeong, Y.-C. Noh, D.-K. Ko, K. A. Janulewicz, J. Tümmler, P. V. Nickles, W. Sandner, and J. Lee, “Demonstration of a saturated Ni-like Ag x-ray laser pumped by a single profiled laser pulse from a 10-Hz Ti:sapphire laser system,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 023807 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  14. H. N. Chapman, A. Barty, M. J. Bogan, S. Boutet, M. Frank, S. P. Hau-Riege, S. Marchesini, B. W. Woods, S. Bajt, W. H. Benner, R. A. London, E. Plönjes, M. Kuhlmann, R. Treusch, S. Düsterer, T. Tschentscher, J. R. Schneider, E. Spiller, T. Möller, C. Bostedt, M. Hoener, D. A. Shapiro, K. O. Hodgson, D. van der Spoel, F. Burmeister, M. Bergh, C. Caleman, G. Huldt, M. M. Seibert, F. R. N. C. Maia, R. W. Lee, A. Szöke, N. Timneanu, and J. Hajdu, “Femtosecond diffractive imaging with a soft-x-ray free-electron laser,” Nat. Phys. 2, 839-843 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  15. J. Filevich, J. J. Rocca, M. C. Marconi, S. J. Moon, J. Nilsen, J. H. Scofield, J. Dunn, R. F. Smith, R. Keenan, J. R. Hunter, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, “Observation of a multiply ionized plasma with index of refraction greater than one,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 035005 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. P. B. Holden, S. B. Healy, M. T. M. Lightbody, G. J. Pert, J. A. Plowes, A. E. Kingston, E. Robertson, C. L. S. Lewis, and D. Neely, “A computational investigation of the neon-like germanium collisionally pumped laser,” J. Phys. B 27, 341-367 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  17. G. J. Pert, “Optimizing the performance of nickel-like collisionally pumped x-ray lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 73, 033809 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  18. T. Ditmire, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, C. L. S. Lewis, A. MacPhee, I. Mercer, D. Neely, M. D. Perry, R. A. Smith, J. S. Wark, and M. Zepf, “Amplification of XUV harmonic radiation in a gallium amplifier,” Phys. Rev. A 51, R4337-R4340 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. Ph. Zeitoun, G. Faivre, S. Sebban, T. Mocek, A. Hallou, M. Fajardo, D. Aubert, P. Balcou, F. Burgy, D. Douillet, S. Kazamias, G. de Lacheze-Murel, T. Lefrou, S. le Pape, P. Mercere, H. Merdji, A. S. Morlens, J. P. Rousseau, and C. Valentin, “A high-intensity highly coherent soft x-ray femtosecond laser seeded by a high harmonic beam,” Nature 431, 426-429 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. J. J. Rocca, Y. Wang, M. A. Larotonda, B. M. Luther, M. Berrill, and D. Alessi, “Saturated 13.2nm high repetition-rate laser in nickel-like cadmium,” Opt. Lett. 30, 2581-2583 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. M. A. Larotonda, Y. Wang, M. Berrill, B. M. Luther, J. J. Rocca, M. M. Shakya, S. Gilbertson, and Z. Chang, “Pulse duration measurements of grazing-incidence-pumped high repetition rate Ni-like Ag Cd transient soft x-ray lasers,” Opt. Lett. 31, 3043-3045 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. J. F. Figueira, W. H. Reichelt, G. T. Schappert, T. F. Stratton, and C. A. Fenstermacher, “Nanosecond pulse amplification in electron-beam-pumped CO2 amplifiers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 22, 216-218 (1973).
    [CrossRef]
  23. Y. Wang, E. Granados, F. Pedaci, D. Alessi, B. M. Luther, M. Berrill, and J. J. Rocca, “Phase-coherent, injection-seeded table-top soft x-ray lasers at 18.9nm and 13.9nm,” Nat. Photonics 2, 94-98 (2008).
    [CrossRef]

2008 (2)

H. T. Kim, I. W. Choi, N. Hafz, J. H. Sung, T. J. Yu, K.-H. Hong, T. M. Jeong, Y.-C. Noh, D.-K. Ko, K. A. Janulewicz, J. Tümmler, P. V. Nickles, W. Sandner, and J. Lee, “Demonstration of a saturated Ni-like Ag x-ray laser pumped by a single profiled laser pulse from a 10-Hz Ti:sapphire laser system,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 023807 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. Wang, E. Granados, F. Pedaci, D. Alessi, B. M. Luther, M. Berrill, and J. J. Rocca, “Phase-coherent, injection-seeded table-top soft x-ray lasers at 18.9nm and 13.9nm,” Nat. Photonics 2, 94-98 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2006 (3)

M. A. Larotonda, Y. Wang, M. Berrill, B. M. Luther, J. J. Rocca, M. M. Shakya, S. Gilbertson, and Z. Chang, “Pulse duration measurements of grazing-incidence-pumped high repetition rate Ni-like Ag Cd transient soft x-ray lasers,” Opt. Lett. 31, 3043-3045 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. N. Chapman, A. Barty, M. J. Bogan, S. Boutet, M. Frank, S. P. Hau-Riege, S. Marchesini, B. W. Woods, S. Bajt, W. H. Benner, R. A. London, E. Plönjes, M. Kuhlmann, R. Treusch, S. Düsterer, T. Tschentscher, J. R. Schneider, E. Spiller, T. Möller, C. Bostedt, M. Hoener, D. A. Shapiro, K. O. Hodgson, D. van der Spoel, F. Burmeister, M. Bergh, C. Caleman, G. Huldt, M. M. Seibert, F. R. N. C. Maia, R. W. Lee, A. Szöke, N. Timneanu, and J. Hajdu, “Femtosecond diffractive imaging with a soft-x-ray free-electron laser,” Nat. Phys. 2, 839-843 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. J. Pert, “Optimizing the performance of nickel-like collisionally pumped x-ray lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 73, 033809 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (7)

Y. Wang, M. A. Larotonda, B. M. Luther, D. Alessi, M. Berrill, V. N. Shlyaptsev, and J. J. Rocca, “Demonstration of high-repetition-rate tabletop soft-x-ray lasers with saturated output at wavelengths down to 13.9nm and gain down to 10.9nm,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 053807 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Tümmler, K. A. Janulewicz, G. Priebe, and P. V. Nickles, “10-Hz grazing-incidence pumped Ni-like Mo x-ray laser,” Phys. Rev. E 72, 037401 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Filevich, J. J. Rocca, M. C. Marconi, S. J. Moon, J. Nilsen, J. H. Scofield, J. Dunn, R. F. Smith, R. Keenan, J. R. Hunter, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, “Observation of a multiply ionized plasma with index of refraction greater than one,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 035005 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. A. Janulewicz, J. Tümmler, G. Priebe, and P. V. Nickles, “Plasma-kinetics perspective on a collisional Ni-like x-ray laser pumped by a single profiled laser pulse,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 043825 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. Keenan, J. Dunn, P. K. Patel, D. F. Price, R. F. Smith, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, “High-repetition-rate grazing-incidence pumped x-ray laser operating at 18.9nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 103901 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. J. Rocca, Y. Wang, M. A. Larotonda, B. M. Luther, M. Berrill, and D. Alessi, “Saturated 13.2nm high-repetition-rate laser in nickel like cadmium,” Opt. Lett. 30, 2581-2583 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. J. Rocca, Y. Wang, M. A. Larotonda, B. M. Luther, M. Berrill, and D. Alessi, “Saturated 13.2nm high repetition-rate laser in nickel-like cadmium,” Opt. Lett. 30, 2581-2583 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

Ph. Zeitoun, G. Faivre, S. Sebban, T. Mocek, A. Hallou, M. Fajardo, D. Aubert, P. Balcou, F. Burgy, D. Douillet, S. Kazamias, G. de Lacheze-Murel, T. Lefrou, S. le Pape, P. Mercere, H. Merdji, A. S. Morlens, J. P. Rousseau, and C. Valentin, “A high-intensity highly coherent soft x-ray femtosecond laser seeded by a high harmonic beam,” Nature 431, 426-429 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

K. A. Janulewicz, A. Lucianetti, G. Priebe, W. Sandner, and P. V. Nickles, “Saturated Ni-like Ag x-ray laser at 13.9nm pumped by a single picosecond laser pulse,” Phys. Rev. A 68, 051802 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

S. Sebban, R. Haroutunian, Ph. Balcou, G. Grillon, A. Rousse, S. Kazamias, T. Marin, J. P. Rousseau, L. Notebaert, M. Pittman, J. P. Chambaret, A. Antonetti, D. Hulin, D. Ros, A. Klisnick, A. Carillon, P. Jaeglé, G. Jamelot, and J. F. Wyart, “Saturated amplification of a collisionally pumped optical-field-ionization soft x-ray laser at 41.8nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3004-3007 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000 (1)

J. Dunn, Y. Li, A. L. Osterheld, J. Nilsen, J. R. Hunter, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, “Gain saturation regime for laser-driven tabletop, transient Ni-like ion x-ray lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4834-4837 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1998 (2)

B. R. Benware, C. D. Macchietto, C. H. Moreno, and J. J. Rocca, “Demonstration of a high average power tabletop soft x-ray laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5804-5807 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Dunn, A. L. Osterheld, R. Shepherd, W. E. White, V. N. Shlyaptsev, and R. E. Stewart, “Demonstration of x-ray amplification in transient gain nickel-like palladium scheme,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 2825-2828 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

P. V. Nickles, V. N. Shlyaptsev, M. Kalachnikov, M. Schnürer, I. Will, and W. Sandner, “Short pulse x-ray laser at 32.6nm based on transient gain in Ne-like titanium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 2748-2751 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

T. Ditmire, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, C. L. S. Lewis, A. MacPhee, I. Mercer, D. Neely, M. D. Perry, R. A. Smith, J. S. Wark, and M. Zepf, “Amplification of XUV harmonic radiation in a gallium amplifier,” Phys. Rev. A 51, R4337-R4340 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1994 (1)

P. B. Holden, S. B. Healy, M. T. M. Lightbody, G. J. Pert, J. A. Plowes, A. E. Kingston, E. Robertson, C. L. S. Lewis, and D. Neely, “A computational investigation of the neon-like germanium collisionally pumped laser,” J. Phys. B 27, 341-367 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1973 (1)

J. F. Figueira, W. H. Reichelt, G. T. Schappert, T. F. Stratton, and C. A. Fenstermacher, “Nanosecond pulse amplification in electron-beam-pumped CO2 amplifiers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 22, 216-218 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Alessi, D.

Y. Wang, E. Granados, F. Pedaci, D. Alessi, B. M. Luther, M. Berrill, and J. J. Rocca, “Phase-coherent, injection-seeded table-top soft x-ray lasers at 18.9nm and 13.9nm,” Nat. Photonics 2, 94-98 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. Wang, M. A. Larotonda, B. M. Luther, D. Alessi, M. Berrill, V. N. Shlyaptsev, and J. J. Rocca, “Demonstration of high-repetition-rate tabletop soft-x-ray lasers with saturated output at wavelengths down to 13.9nm and gain down to 10.9nm,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 053807 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Rocca, Y. Wang, M. A. Larotonda, B. M. Luther, M. Berrill, and D. Alessi, “Saturated 13.2nm high repetition-rate laser in nickel-like cadmium,” Opt. Lett. 30, 2581-2583 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. J. Rocca, Y. Wang, M. A. Larotonda, B. M. Luther, M. Berrill, and D. Alessi, “Saturated 13.2nm high-repetition-rate laser in nickel like cadmium,” Opt. Lett. 30, 2581-2583 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Antonetti, A.

S. Sebban, R. Haroutunian, Ph. Balcou, G. Grillon, A. Rousse, S. Kazamias, T. Marin, J. P. Rousseau, L. Notebaert, M. Pittman, J. P. Chambaret, A. Antonetti, D. Hulin, D. Ros, A. Klisnick, A. Carillon, P. Jaeglé, G. Jamelot, and J. F. Wyart, “Saturated amplification of a collisionally pumped optical-field-ionization soft x-ray laser at 41.8nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3004-3007 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Aubert, D.

Ph. Zeitoun, G. Faivre, S. Sebban, T. Mocek, A. Hallou, M. Fajardo, D. Aubert, P. Balcou, F. Burgy, D. Douillet, S. Kazamias, G. de Lacheze-Murel, T. Lefrou, S. le Pape, P. Mercere, H. Merdji, A. S. Morlens, J. P. Rousseau, and C. Valentin, “A high-intensity highly coherent soft x-ray femtosecond laser seeded by a high harmonic beam,” Nature 431, 426-429 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bajt, S.

H. N. Chapman, A. Barty, M. J. Bogan, S. Boutet, M. Frank, S. P. Hau-Riege, S. Marchesini, B. W. Woods, S. Bajt, W. H. Benner, R. A. London, E. Plönjes, M. Kuhlmann, R. Treusch, S. Düsterer, T. Tschentscher, J. R. Schneider, E. Spiller, T. Möller, C. Bostedt, M. Hoener, D. A. Shapiro, K. O. Hodgson, D. van der Spoel, F. Burmeister, M. Bergh, C. Caleman, G. Huldt, M. M. Seibert, F. R. N. C. Maia, R. W. Lee, A. Szöke, N. Timneanu, and J. Hajdu, “Femtosecond diffractive imaging with a soft-x-ray free-electron laser,” Nat. Phys. 2, 839-843 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Balcou, P.

Ph. Zeitoun, G. Faivre, S. Sebban, T. Mocek, A. Hallou, M. Fajardo, D. Aubert, P. Balcou, F. Burgy, D. Douillet, S. Kazamias, G. de Lacheze-Murel, T. Lefrou, S. le Pape, P. Mercere, H. Merdji, A. S. Morlens, J. P. Rousseau, and C. Valentin, “A high-intensity highly coherent soft x-ray femtosecond laser seeded by a high harmonic beam,” Nature 431, 426-429 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Balcou, Ph.

S. Sebban, R. Haroutunian, Ph. Balcou, G. Grillon, A. Rousse, S. Kazamias, T. Marin, J. P. Rousseau, L. Notebaert, M. Pittman, J. P. Chambaret, A. Antonetti, D. Hulin, D. Ros, A. Klisnick, A. Carillon, P. Jaeglé, G. Jamelot, and J. F. Wyart, “Saturated amplification of a collisionally pumped optical-field-ionization soft x-ray laser at 41.8nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3004-3007 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Barty, A.

H. N. Chapman, A. Barty, M. J. Bogan, S. Boutet, M. Frank, S. P. Hau-Riege, S. Marchesini, B. W. Woods, S. Bajt, W. H. Benner, R. A. London, E. Plönjes, M. Kuhlmann, R. Treusch, S. Düsterer, T. Tschentscher, J. R. Schneider, E. Spiller, T. Möller, C. Bostedt, M. Hoener, D. A. Shapiro, K. O. Hodgson, D. van der Spoel, F. Burmeister, M. Bergh, C. Caleman, G. Huldt, M. M. Seibert, F. R. N. C. Maia, R. W. Lee, A. Szöke, N. Timneanu, and J. Hajdu, “Femtosecond diffractive imaging with a soft-x-ray free-electron laser,” Nat. Phys. 2, 839-843 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Benner, W. H.

H. N. Chapman, A. Barty, M. J. Bogan, S. Boutet, M. Frank, S. P. Hau-Riege, S. Marchesini, B. W. Woods, S. Bajt, W. H. Benner, R. A. London, E. Plönjes, M. Kuhlmann, R. Treusch, S. Düsterer, T. Tschentscher, J. R. Schneider, E. Spiller, T. Möller, C. Bostedt, M. Hoener, D. A. Shapiro, K. O. Hodgson, D. van der Spoel, F. Burmeister, M. Bergh, C. Caleman, G. Huldt, M. M. Seibert, F. R. N. C. Maia, R. W. Lee, A. Szöke, N. Timneanu, and J. Hajdu, “Femtosecond diffractive imaging with a soft-x-ray free-electron laser,” Nat. Phys. 2, 839-843 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Benware, B. R.

B. R. Benware, C. D. Macchietto, C. H. Moreno, and J. J. Rocca, “Demonstration of a high average power tabletop soft x-ray laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5804-5807 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Bergh, M.

H. N. Chapman, A. Barty, M. J. Bogan, S. Boutet, M. Frank, S. P. Hau-Riege, S. Marchesini, B. W. Woods, S. Bajt, W. H. Benner, R. A. London, E. Plönjes, M. Kuhlmann, R. Treusch, S. Düsterer, T. Tschentscher, J. R. Schneider, E. Spiller, T. Möller, C. Bostedt, M. Hoener, D. A. Shapiro, K. O. Hodgson, D. van der Spoel, F. Burmeister, M. Bergh, C. Caleman, G. Huldt, M. M. Seibert, F. R. N. C. Maia, R. W. Lee, A. Szöke, N. Timneanu, and J. Hajdu, “Femtosecond diffractive imaging with a soft-x-ray free-electron laser,” Nat. Phys. 2, 839-843 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Berrill, M.

Y. Wang, E. Granados, F. Pedaci, D. Alessi, B. M. Luther, M. Berrill, and J. J. Rocca, “Phase-coherent, injection-seeded table-top soft x-ray lasers at 18.9nm and 13.9nm,” Nat. Photonics 2, 94-98 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Larotonda, Y. Wang, M. Berrill, B. M. Luther, J. J. Rocca, M. M. Shakya, S. Gilbertson, and Z. Chang, “Pulse duration measurements of grazing-incidence-pumped high repetition rate Ni-like Ag Cd transient soft x-ray lasers,” Opt. Lett. 31, 3043-3045 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. J. Rocca, Y. Wang, M. A. Larotonda, B. M. Luther, M. Berrill, and D. Alessi, “Saturated 13.2nm high-repetition-rate laser in nickel like cadmium,” Opt. Lett. 30, 2581-2583 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Wang, M. A. Larotonda, B. M. Luther, D. Alessi, M. Berrill, V. N. Shlyaptsev, and J. J. Rocca, “Demonstration of high-repetition-rate tabletop soft-x-ray lasers with saturated output at wavelengths down to 13.9nm and gain down to 10.9nm,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 053807 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Rocca, Y. Wang, M. A. Larotonda, B. M. Luther, M. Berrill, and D. Alessi, “Saturated 13.2nm high repetition-rate laser in nickel-like cadmium,” Opt. Lett. 30, 2581-2583 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bogan, M. J.

H. N. Chapman, A. Barty, M. J. Bogan, S. Boutet, M. Frank, S. P. Hau-Riege, S. Marchesini, B. W. Woods, S. Bajt, W. H. Benner, R. A. London, E. Plönjes, M. Kuhlmann, R. Treusch, S. Düsterer, T. Tschentscher, J. R. Schneider, E. Spiller, T. Möller, C. Bostedt, M. Hoener, D. A. Shapiro, K. O. Hodgson, D. van der Spoel, F. Burmeister, M. Bergh, C. Caleman, G. Huldt, M. M. Seibert, F. R. N. C. Maia, R. W. Lee, A. Szöke, N. Timneanu, and J. Hajdu, “Femtosecond diffractive imaging with a soft-x-ray free-electron laser,” Nat. Phys. 2, 839-843 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bostedt, C.

H. N. Chapman, A. Barty, M. J. Bogan, S. Boutet, M. Frank, S. P. Hau-Riege, S. Marchesini, B. W. Woods, S. Bajt, W. H. Benner, R. A. London, E. Plönjes, M. Kuhlmann, R. Treusch, S. Düsterer, T. Tschentscher, J. R. Schneider, E. Spiller, T. Möller, C. Bostedt, M. Hoener, D. A. Shapiro, K. O. Hodgson, D. van der Spoel, F. Burmeister, M. Bergh, C. Caleman, G. Huldt, M. M. Seibert, F. R. N. C. Maia, R. W. Lee, A. Szöke, N. Timneanu, and J. Hajdu, “Femtosecond diffractive imaging with a soft-x-ray free-electron laser,” Nat. Phys. 2, 839-843 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Boutet, S.

H. N. Chapman, A. Barty, M. J. Bogan, S. Boutet, M. Frank, S. P. Hau-Riege, S. Marchesini, B. W. Woods, S. Bajt, W. H. Benner, R. A. London, E. Plönjes, M. Kuhlmann, R. Treusch, S. Düsterer, T. Tschentscher, J. R. Schneider, E. Spiller, T. Möller, C. Bostedt, M. Hoener, D. A. Shapiro, K. O. Hodgson, D. van der Spoel, F. Burmeister, M. Bergh, C. Caleman, G. Huldt, M. M. Seibert, F. R. N. C. Maia, R. W. Lee, A. Szöke, N. Timneanu, and J. Hajdu, “Femtosecond diffractive imaging with a soft-x-ray free-electron laser,” Nat. Phys. 2, 839-843 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Burgy, F.

Ph. Zeitoun, G. Faivre, S. Sebban, T. Mocek, A. Hallou, M. Fajardo, D. Aubert, P. Balcou, F. Burgy, D. Douillet, S. Kazamias, G. de Lacheze-Murel, T. Lefrou, S. le Pape, P. Mercere, H. Merdji, A. S. Morlens, J. P. Rousseau, and C. Valentin, “A high-intensity highly coherent soft x-ray femtosecond laser seeded by a high harmonic beam,” Nature 431, 426-429 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Burmeister, F.

H. N. Chapman, A. Barty, M. J. Bogan, S. Boutet, M. Frank, S. P. Hau-Riege, S. Marchesini, B. W. Woods, S. Bajt, W. H. Benner, R. A. London, E. Plönjes, M. Kuhlmann, R. Treusch, S. Düsterer, T. Tschentscher, J. R. Schneider, E. Spiller, T. Möller, C. Bostedt, M. Hoener, D. A. Shapiro, K. O. Hodgson, D. van der Spoel, F. Burmeister, M. Bergh, C. Caleman, G. Huldt, M. M. Seibert, F. R. N. C. Maia, R. W. Lee, A. Szöke, N. Timneanu, and J. Hajdu, “Femtosecond diffractive imaging with a soft-x-ray free-electron laser,” Nat. Phys. 2, 839-843 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Caleman, C.

H. N. Chapman, A. Barty, M. J. Bogan, S. Boutet, M. Frank, S. P. Hau-Riege, S. Marchesini, B. W. Woods, S. Bajt, W. H. Benner, R. A. London, E. Plönjes, M. Kuhlmann, R. Treusch, S. Düsterer, T. Tschentscher, J. R. Schneider, E. Spiller, T. Möller, C. Bostedt, M. Hoener, D. A. Shapiro, K. O. Hodgson, D. van der Spoel, F. Burmeister, M. Bergh, C. Caleman, G. Huldt, M. M. Seibert, F. R. N. C. Maia, R. W. Lee, A. Szöke, N. Timneanu, and J. Hajdu, “Femtosecond diffractive imaging with a soft-x-ray free-electron laser,” Nat. Phys. 2, 839-843 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Carillon, A.

S. Sebban, R. Haroutunian, Ph. Balcou, G. Grillon, A. Rousse, S. Kazamias, T. Marin, J. P. Rousseau, L. Notebaert, M. Pittman, J. P. Chambaret, A. Antonetti, D. Hulin, D. Ros, A. Klisnick, A. Carillon, P. Jaeglé, G. Jamelot, and J. F. Wyart, “Saturated amplification of a collisionally pumped optical-field-ionization soft x-ray laser at 41.8nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3004-3007 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chambaret, J. P.

S. Sebban, R. Haroutunian, Ph. Balcou, G. Grillon, A. Rousse, S. Kazamias, T. Marin, J. P. Rousseau, L. Notebaert, M. Pittman, J. P. Chambaret, A. Antonetti, D. Hulin, D. Ros, A. Klisnick, A. Carillon, P. Jaeglé, G. Jamelot, and J. F. Wyart, “Saturated amplification of a collisionally pumped optical-field-ionization soft x-ray laser at 41.8nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3004-3007 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chang, Z.

Chapman, H. N.

H. N. Chapman, A. Barty, M. J. Bogan, S. Boutet, M. Frank, S. P. Hau-Riege, S. Marchesini, B. W. Woods, S. Bajt, W. H. Benner, R. A. London, E. Plönjes, M. Kuhlmann, R. Treusch, S. Düsterer, T. Tschentscher, J. R. Schneider, E. Spiller, T. Möller, C. Bostedt, M. Hoener, D. A. Shapiro, K. O. Hodgson, D. van der Spoel, F. Burmeister, M. Bergh, C. Caleman, G. Huldt, M. M. Seibert, F. R. N. C. Maia, R. W. Lee, A. Szöke, N. Timneanu, and J. Hajdu, “Femtosecond diffractive imaging with a soft-x-ray free-electron laser,” Nat. Phys. 2, 839-843 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Choi, I. W.

H. T. Kim, I. W. Choi, N. Hafz, J. H. Sung, T. J. Yu, K.-H. Hong, T. M. Jeong, Y.-C. Noh, D.-K. Ko, K. A. Janulewicz, J. Tümmler, P. V. Nickles, W. Sandner, and J. Lee, “Demonstration of a saturated Ni-like Ag x-ray laser pumped by a single profiled laser pulse from a 10-Hz Ti:sapphire laser system,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 023807 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. T. Kim, I. W. Choi, N. Hafz, J. H. Sung, T. J. Yu, K.-H. Hong, T. M. Jeong, J.-H. Kim, Y.-C. Noh, D.-K. Ko, J. Tümmler, P. V. Nickles, K. A. Janulewicz, and J. Lee, “Generation of Ni-like Ag x-ray laser and high-order harmonics forward harmonic seeded x-ray laser,” in X-ray Lasers 2006, Proceedings of the 10th International Conference, P.V.Nickles and K.A.Janulewicz, ed. (Springer, 2007), pp. 183-189.

de Lacheze-Murel, G.

Ph. Zeitoun, G. Faivre, S. Sebban, T. Mocek, A. Hallou, M. Fajardo, D. Aubert, P. Balcou, F. Burgy, D. Douillet, S. Kazamias, G. de Lacheze-Murel, T. Lefrou, S. le Pape, P. Mercere, H. Merdji, A. S. Morlens, J. P. Rousseau, and C. Valentin, “A high-intensity highly coherent soft x-ray femtosecond laser seeded by a high harmonic beam,” Nature 431, 426-429 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ditmire, T.

T. Ditmire, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, C. L. S. Lewis, A. MacPhee, I. Mercer, D. Neely, M. D. Perry, R. A. Smith, J. S. Wark, and M. Zepf, “Amplification of XUV harmonic radiation in a gallium amplifier,” Phys. Rev. A 51, R4337-R4340 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Douillet, D.

Ph. Zeitoun, G. Faivre, S. Sebban, T. Mocek, A. Hallou, M. Fajardo, D. Aubert, P. Balcou, F. Burgy, D. Douillet, S. Kazamias, G. de Lacheze-Murel, T. Lefrou, S. le Pape, P. Mercere, H. Merdji, A. S. Morlens, J. P. Rousseau, and C. Valentin, “A high-intensity highly coherent soft x-ray femtosecond laser seeded by a high harmonic beam,” Nature 431, 426-429 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dunn, J.

J. Filevich, J. J. Rocca, M. C. Marconi, S. J. Moon, J. Nilsen, J. H. Scofield, J. Dunn, R. F. Smith, R. Keenan, J. R. Hunter, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, “Observation of a multiply ionized plasma with index of refraction greater than one,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 035005 (2005).
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R. Keenan, J. Dunn, P. K. Patel, D. F. Price, R. F. Smith, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, “High-repetition-rate grazing-incidence pumped x-ray laser operating at 18.9nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 103901 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Dunn, Y. Li, A. L. Osterheld, J. Nilsen, J. R. Hunter, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, “Gain saturation regime for laser-driven tabletop, transient Ni-like ion x-ray lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4834-4837 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Dunn, A. L. Osterheld, R. Shepherd, W. E. White, V. N. Shlyaptsev, and R. E. Stewart, “Demonstration of x-ray amplification in transient gain nickel-like palladium scheme,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 2825-2828 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Düsterer, S.

H. N. Chapman, A. Barty, M. J. Bogan, S. Boutet, M. Frank, S. P. Hau-Riege, S. Marchesini, B. W. Woods, S. Bajt, W. H. Benner, R. A. London, E. Plönjes, M. Kuhlmann, R. Treusch, S. Düsterer, T. Tschentscher, J. R. Schneider, E. Spiller, T. Möller, C. Bostedt, M. Hoener, D. A. Shapiro, K. O. Hodgson, D. van der Spoel, F. Burmeister, M. Bergh, C. Caleman, G. Huldt, M. M. Seibert, F. R. N. C. Maia, R. W. Lee, A. Szöke, N. Timneanu, and J. Hajdu, “Femtosecond diffractive imaging with a soft-x-ray free-electron laser,” Nat. Phys. 2, 839-843 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Faivre, G.

Ph. Zeitoun, G. Faivre, S. Sebban, T. Mocek, A. Hallou, M. Fajardo, D. Aubert, P. Balcou, F. Burgy, D. Douillet, S. Kazamias, G. de Lacheze-Murel, T. Lefrou, S. le Pape, P. Mercere, H. Merdji, A. S. Morlens, J. P. Rousseau, and C. Valentin, “A high-intensity highly coherent soft x-ray femtosecond laser seeded by a high harmonic beam,” Nature 431, 426-429 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fajardo, M.

Ph. Zeitoun, G. Faivre, S. Sebban, T. Mocek, A. Hallou, M. Fajardo, D. Aubert, P. Balcou, F. Burgy, D. Douillet, S. Kazamias, G. de Lacheze-Murel, T. Lefrou, S. le Pape, P. Mercere, H. Merdji, A. S. Morlens, J. P. Rousseau, and C. Valentin, “A high-intensity highly coherent soft x-ray femtosecond laser seeded by a high harmonic beam,” Nature 431, 426-429 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fenstermacher, C. A.

J. F. Figueira, W. H. Reichelt, G. T. Schappert, T. F. Stratton, and C. A. Fenstermacher, “Nanosecond pulse amplification in electron-beam-pumped CO2 amplifiers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 22, 216-218 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Figueira, J. F.

J. F. Figueira, W. H. Reichelt, G. T. Schappert, T. F. Stratton, and C. A. Fenstermacher, “Nanosecond pulse amplification in electron-beam-pumped CO2 amplifiers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 22, 216-218 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Filevich, J.

J. Filevich, J. J. Rocca, M. C. Marconi, S. J. Moon, J. Nilsen, J. H. Scofield, J. Dunn, R. F. Smith, R. Keenan, J. R. Hunter, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, “Observation of a multiply ionized plasma with index of refraction greater than one,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 035005 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Frank, M.

H. N. Chapman, A. Barty, M. J. Bogan, S. Boutet, M. Frank, S. P. Hau-Riege, S. Marchesini, B. W. Woods, S. Bajt, W. H. Benner, R. A. London, E. Plönjes, M. Kuhlmann, R. Treusch, S. Düsterer, T. Tschentscher, J. R. Schneider, E. Spiller, T. Möller, C. Bostedt, M. Hoener, D. A. Shapiro, K. O. Hodgson, D. van der Spoel, F. Burmeister, M. Bergh, C. Caleman, G. Huldt, M. M. Seibert, F. R. N. C. Maia, R. W. Lee, A. Szöke, N. Timneanu, and J. Hajdu, “Femtosecond diffractive imaging with a soft-x-ray free-electron laser,” Nat. Phys. 2, 839-843 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Gilbertson, S.

Granados, E.

Y. Wang, E. Granados, F. Pedaci, D. Alessi, B. M. Luther, M. Berrill, and J. J. Rocca, “Phase-coherent, injection-seeded table-top soft x-ray lasers at 18.9nm and 13.9nm,” Nat. Photonics 2, 94-98 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Grillon, G.

S. Sebban, R. Haroutunian, Ph. Balcou, G. Grillon, A. Rousse, S. Kazamias, T. Marin, J. P. Rousseau, L. Notebaert, M. Pittman, J. P. Chambaret, A. Antonetti, D. Hulin, D. Ros, A. Klisnick, A. Carillon, P. Jaeglé, G. Jamelot, and J. F. Wyart, “Saturated amplification of a collisionally pumped optical-field-ionization soft x-ray laser at 41.8nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3004-3007 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hafz, N.

H. T. Kim, I. W. Choi, N. Hafz, J. H. Sung, T. J. Yu, K.-H. Hong, T. M. Jeong, Y.-C. Noh, D.-K. Ko, K. A. Janulewicz, J. Tümmler, P. V. Nickles, W. Sandner, and J. Lee, “Demonstration of a saturated Ni-like Ag x-ray laser pumped by a single profiled laser pulse from a 10-Hz Ti:sapphire laser system,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 023807 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. T. Kim, I. W. Choi, N. Hafz, J. H. Sung, T. J. Yu, K.-H. Hong, T. M. Jeong, J.-H. Kim, Y.-C. Noh, D.-K. Ko, J. Tümmler, P. V. Nickles, K. A. Janulewicz, and J. Lee, “Generation of Ni-like Ag x-ray laser and high-order harmonics forward harmonic seeded x-ray laser,” in X-ray Lasers 2006, Proceedings of the 10th International Conference, P.V.Nickles and K.A.Janulewicz, ed. (Springer, 2007), pp. 183-189.

Hajdu, J.

H. N. Chapman, A. Barty, M. J. Bogan, S. Boutet, M. Frank, S. P. Hau-Riege, S. Marchesini, B. W. Woods, S. Bajt, W. H. Benner, R. A. London, E. Plönjes, M. Kuhlmann, R. Treusch, S. Düsterer, T. Tschentscher, J. R. Schneider, E. Spiller, T. Möller, C. Bostedt, M. Hoener, D. A. Shapiro, K. O. Hodgson, D. van der Spoel, F. Burmeister, M. Bergh, C. Caleman, G. Huldt, M. M. Seibert, F. R. N. C. Maia, R. W. Lee, A. Szöke, N. Timneanu, and J. Hajdu, “Femtosecond diffractive imaging with a soft-x-ray free-electron laser,” Nat. Phys. 2, 839-843 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hallou, A.

Ph. Zeitoun, G. Faivre, S. Sebban, T. Mocek, A. Hallou, M. Fajardo, D. Aubert, P. Balcou, F. Burgy, D. Douillet, S. Kazamias, G. de Lacheze-Murel, T. Lefrou, S. le Pape, P. Mercere, H. Merdji, A. S. Morlens, J. P. Rousseau, and C. Valentin, “A high-intensity highly coherent soft x-ray femtosecond laser seeded by a high harmonic beam,” Nature 431, 426-429 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Haroutunian, R.

S. Sebban, R. Haroutunian, Ph. Balcou, G. Grillon, A. Rousse, S. Kazamias, T. Marin, J. P. Rousseau, L. Notebaert, M. Pittman, J. P. Chambaret, A. Antonetti, D. Hulin, D. Ros, A. Klisnick, A. Carillon, P. Jaeglé, G. Jamelot, and J. F. Wyart, “Saturated amplification of a collisionally pumped optical-field-ionization soft x-ray laser at 41.8nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3004-3007 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hau-Riege, S. P.

H. N. Chapman, A. Barty, M. J. Bogan, S. Boutet, M. Frank, S. P. Hau-Riege, S. Marchesini, B. W. Woods, S. Bajt, W. H. Benner, R. A. London, E. Plönjes, M. Kuhlmann, R. Treusch, S. Düsterer, T. Tschentscher, J. R. Schneider, E. Spiller, T. Möller, C. Bostedt, M. Hoener, D. A. Shapiro, K. O. Hodgson, D. van der Spoel, F. Burmeister, M. Bergh, C. Caleman, G. Huldt, M. M. Seibert, F. R. N. C. Maia, R. W. Lee, A. Szöke, N. Timneanu, and J. Hajdu, “Femtosecond diffractive imaging with a soft-x-ray free-electron laser,” Nat. Phys. 2, 839-843 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Healy, S. B.

P. B. Holden, S. B. Healy, M. T. M. Lightbody, G. J. Pert, J. A. Plowes, A. E. Kingston, E. Robertson, C. L. S. Lewis, and D. Neely, “A computational investigation of the neon-like germanium collisionally pumped laser,” J. Phys. B 27, 341-367 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Hodgson, K. O.

H. N. Chapman, A. Barty, M. J. Bogan, S. Boutet, M. Frank, S. P. Hau-Riege, S. Marchesini, B. W. Woods, S. Bajt, W. H. Benner, R. A. London, E. Plönjes, M. Kuhlmann, R. Treusch, S. Düsterer, T. Tschentscher, J. R. Schneider, E. Spiller, T. Möller, C. Bostedt, M. Hoener, D. A. Shapiro, K. O. Hodgson, D. van der Spoel, F. Burmeister, M. Bergh, C. Caleman, G. Huldt, M. M. Seibert, F. R. N. C. Maia, R. W. Lee, A. Szöke, N. Timneanu, and J. Hajdu, “Femtosecond diffractive imaging with a soft-x-ray free-electron laser,” Nat. Phys. 2, 839-843 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hoener, M.

H. N. Chapman, A. Barty, M. J. Bogan, S. Boutet, M. Frank, S. P. Hau-Riege, S. Marchesini, B. W. Woods, S. Bajt, W. H. Benner, R. A. London, E. Plönjes, M. Kuhlmann, R. Treusch, S. Düsterer, T. Tschentscher, J. R. Schneider, E. Spiller, T. Möller, C. Bostedt, M. Hoener, D. A. Shapiro, K. O. Hodgson, D. van der Spoel, F. Burmeister, M. Bergh, C. Caleman, G. Huldt, M. M. Seibert, F. R. N. C. Maia, R. W. Lee, A. Szöke, N. Timneanu, and J. Hajdu, “Femtosecond diffractive imaging with a soft-x-ray free-electron laser,” Nat. Phys. 2, 839-843 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Holden, P. B.

P. B. Holden, S. B. Healy, M. T. M. Lightbody, G. J. Pert, J. A. Plowes, A. E. Kingston, E. Robertson, C. L. S. Lewis, and D. Neely, “A computational investigation of the neon-like germanium collisionally pumped laser,” J. Phys. B 27, 341-367 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Hong, K.-H.

H. T. Kim, I. W. Choi, N. Hafz, J. H. Sung, T. J. Yu, K.-H. Hong, T. M. Jeong, Y.-C. Noh, D.-K. Ko, K. A. Janulewicz, J. Tümmler, P. V. Nickles, W. Sandner, and J. Lee, “Demonstration of a saturated Ni-like Ag x-ray laser pumped by a single profiled laser pulse from a 10-Hz Ti:sapphire laser system,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 023807 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. T. Kim, I. W. Choi, N. Hafz, J. H. Sung, T. J. Yu, K.-H. Hong, T. M. Jeong, J.-H. Kim, Y.-C. Noh, D.-K. Ko, J. Tümmler, P. V. Nickles, K. A. Janulewicz, and J. Lee, “Generation of Ni-like Ag x-ray laser and high-order harmonics forward harmonic seeded x-ray laser,” in X-ray Lasers 2006, Proceedings of the 10th International Conference, P.V.Nickles and K.A.Janulewicz, ed. (Springer, 2007), pp. 183-189.

Huldt, G.

H. N. Chapman, A. Barty, M. J. Bogan, S. Boutet, M. Frank, S. P. Hau-Riege, S. Marchesini, B. W. Woods, S. Bajt, W. H. Benner, R. A. London, E. Plönjes, M. Kuhlmann, R. Treusch, S. Düsterer, T. Tschentscher, J. R. Schneider, E. Spiller, T. Möller, C. Bostedt, M. Hoener, D. A. Shapiro, K. O. Hodgson, D. van der Spoel, F. Burmeister, M. Bergh, C. Caleman, G. Huldt, M. M. Seibert, F. R. N. C. Maia, R. W. Lee, A. Szöke, N. Timneanu, and J. Hajdu, “Femtosecond diffractive imaging with a soft-x-ray free-electron laser,” Nat. Phys. 2, 839-843 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hulin, D.

S. Sebban, R. Haroutunian, Ph. Balcou, G. Grillon, A. Rousse, S. Kazamias, T. Marin, J. P. Rousseau, L. Notebaert, M. Pittman, J. P. Chambaret, A. Antonetti, D. Hulin, D. Ros, A. Klisnick, A. Carillon, P. Jaeglé, G. Jamelot, and J. F. Wyart, “Saturated amplification of a collisionally pumped optical-field-ionization soft x-ray laser at 41.8nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3004-3007 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hunter, J. R.

J. Filevich, J. J. Rocca, M. C. Marconi, S. J. Moon, J. Nilsen, J. H. Scofield, J. Dunn, R. F. Smith, R. Keenan, J. R. Hunter, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, “Observation of a multiply ionized plasma with index of refraction greater than one,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 035005 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Dunn, Y. Li, A. L. Osterheld, J. Nilsen, J. R. Hunter, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, “Gain saturation regime for laser-driven tabletop, transient Ni-like ion x-ray lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4834-4837 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hutchinson, M. H. R.

T. Ditmire, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, C. L. S. Lewis, A. MacPhee, I. Mercer, D. Neely, M. D. Perry, R. A. Smith, J. S. Wark, and M. Zepf, “Amplification of XUV harmonic radiation in a gallium amplifier,” Phys. Rev. A 51, R4337-R4340 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jaeglé, P.

S. Sebban, R. Haroutunian, Ph. Balcou, G. Grillon, A. Rousse, S. Kazamias, T. Marin, J. P. Rousseau, L. Notebaert, M. Pittman, J. P. Chambaret, A. Antonetti, D. Hulin, D. Ros, A. Klisnick, A. Carillon, P. Jaeglé, G. Jamelot, and J. F. Wyart, “Saturated amplification of a collisionally pumped optical-field-ionization soft x-ray laser at 41.8nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3004-3007 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jamelot, G.

S. Sebban, R. Haroutunian, Ph. Balcou, G. Grillon, A. Rousse, S. Kazamias, T. Marin, J. P. Rousseau, L. Notebaert, M. Pittman, J. P. Chambaret, A. Antonetti, D. Hulin, D. Ros, A. Klisnick, A. Carillon, P. Jaeglé, G. Jamelot, and J. F. Wyart, “Saturated amplification of a collisionally pumped optical-field-ionization soft x-ray laser at 41.8nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3004-3007 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Janulewicz, K. A.

H. T. Kim, I. W. Choi, N. Hafz, J. H. Sung, T. J. Yu, K.-H. Hong, T. M. Jeong, Y.-C. Noh, D.-K. Ko, K. A. Janulewicz, J. Tümmler, P. V. Nickles, W. Sandner, and J. Lee, “Demonstration of a saturated Ni-like Ag x-ray laser pumped by a single profiled laser pulse from a 10-Hz Ti:sapphire laser system,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 023807 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Tümmler, K. A. Janulewicz, G. Priebe, and P. V. Nickles, “10-Hz grazing-incidence pumped Ni-like Mo x-ray laser,” Phys. Rev. E 72, 037401 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. A. Janulewicz, J. Tümmler, G. Priebe, and P. V. Nickles, “Plasma-kinetics perspective on a collisional Ni-like x-ray laser pumped by a single profiled laser pulse,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 043825 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. A. Janulewicz, A. Lucianetti, G. Priebe, W. Sandner, and P. V. Nickles, “Saturated Ni-like Ag x-ray laser at 13.9nm pumped by a single picosecond laser pulse,” Phys. Rev. A 68, 051802 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H. T. Kim, I. W. Choi, N. Hafz, J. H. Sung, T. J. Yu, K.-H. Hong, T. M. Jeong, J.-H. Kim, Y.-C. Noh, D.-K. Ko, J. Tümmler, P. V. Nickles, K. A. Janulewicz, and J. Lee, “Generation of Ni-like Ag x-ray laser and high-order harmonics forward harmonic seeded x-ray laser,” in X-ray Lasers 2006, Proceedings of the 10th International Conference, P.V.Nickles and K.A.Janulewicz, ed. (Springer, 2007), pp. 183-189.

Jeong, T. M.

H. T. Kim, I. W. Choi, N. Hafz, J. H. Sung, T. J. Yu, K.-H. Hong, T. M. Jeong, Y.-C. Noh, D.-K. Ko, K. A. Janulewicz, J. Tümmler, P. V. Nickles, W. Sandner, and J. Lee, “Demonstration of a saturated Ni-like Ag x-ray laser pumped by a single profiled laser pulse from a 10-Hz Ti:sapphire laser system,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 023807 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. T. Kim, I. W. Choi, N. Hafz, J. H. Sung, T. J. Yu, K.-H. Hong, T. M. Jeong, J.-H. Kim, Y.-C. Noh, D.-K. Ko, J. Tümmler, P. V. Nickles, K. A. Janulewicz, and J. Lee, “Generation of Ni-like Ag x-ray laser and high-order harmonics forward harmonic seeded x-ray laser,” in X-ray Lasers 2006, Proceedings of the 10th International Conference, P.V.Nickles and K.A.Janulewicz, ed. (Springer, 2007), pp. 183-189.

Kalachnikov, M.

P. V. Nickles, V. N. Shlyaptsev, M. Kalachnikov, M. Schnürer, I. Will, and W. Sandner, “Short pulse x-ray laser at 32.6nm based on transient gain in Ne-like titanium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 2748-2751 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kazamias, S.

Ph. Zeitoun, G. Faivre, S. Sebban, T. Mocek, A. Hallou, M. Fajardo, D. Aubert, P. Balcou, F. Burgy, D. Douillet, S. Kazamias, G. de Lacheze-Murel, T. Lefrou, S. le Pape, P. Mercere, H. Merdji, A. S. Morlens, J. P. Rousseau, and C. Valentin, “A high-intensity highly coherent soft x-ray femtosecond laser seeded by a high harmonic beam,” Nature 431, 426-429 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Sebban, R. Haroutunian, Ph. Balcou, G. Grillon, A. Rousse, S. Kazamias, T. Marin, J. P. Rousseau, L. Notebaert, M. Pittman, J. P. Chambaret, A. Antonetti, D. Hulin, D. Ros, A. Klisnick, A. Carillon, P. Jaeglé, G. Jamelot, and J. F. Wyart, “Saturated amplification of a collisionally pumped optical-field-ionization soft x-ray laser at 41.8nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3004-3007 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Keenan, R.

J. Filevich, J. J. Rocca, M. C. Marconi, S. J. Moon, J. Nilsen, J. H. Scofield, J. Dunn, R. F. Smith, R. Keenan, J. R. Hunter, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, “Observation of a multiply ionized plasma with index of refraction greater than one,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 035005 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Keenan, J. Dunn, P. K. Patel, D. F. Price, R. F. Smith, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, “High-repetition-rate grazing-incidence pumped x-ray laser operating at 18.9nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 103901 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Key, M. H.

T. Ditmire, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, C. L. S. Lewis, A. MacPhee, I. Mercer, D. Neely, M. D. Perry, R. A. Smith, J. S. Wark, and M. Zepf, “Amplification of XUV harmonic radiation in a gallium amplifier,” Phys. Rev. A 51, R4337-R4340 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kim, H. T.

H. T. Kim, I. W. Choi, N. Hafz, J. H. Sung, T. J. Yu, K.-H. Hong, T. M. Jeong, Y.-C. Noh, D.-K. Ko, K. A. Janulewicz, J. Tümmler, P. V. Nickles, W. Sandner, and J. Lee, “Demonstration of a saturated Ni-like Ag x-ray laser pumped by a single profiled laser pulse from a 10-Hz Ti:sapphire laser system,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 023807 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. T. Kim, I. W. Choi, N. Hafz, J. H. Sung, T. J. Yu, K.-H. Hong, T. M. Jeong, J.-H. Kim, Y.-C. Noh, D.-K. Ko, J. Tümmler, P. V. Nickles, K. A. Janulewicz, and J. Lee, “Generation of Ni-like Ag x-ray laser and high-order harmonics forward harmonic seeded x-ray laser,” in X-ray Lasers 2006, Proceedings of the 10th International Conference, P.V.Nickles and K.A.Janulewicz, ed. (Springer, 2007), pp. 183-189.

Kim, J.-H.

H. T. Kim, I. W. Choi, N. Hafz, J. H. Sung, T. J. Yu, K.-H. Hong, T. M. Jeong, J.-H. Kim, Y.-C. Noh, D.-K. Ko, J. Tümmler, P. V. Nickles, K. A. Janulewicz, and J. Lee, “Generation of Ni-like Ag x-ray laser and high-order harmonics forward harmonic seeded x-ray laser,” in X-ray Lasers 2006, Proceedings of the 10th International Conference, P.V.Nickles and K.A.Janulewicz, ed. (Springer, 2007), pp. 183-189.

Kingston, A. E.

P. B. Holden, S. B. Healy, M. T. M. Lightbody, G. J. Pert, J. A. Plowes, A. E. Kingston, E. Robertson, C. L. S. Lewis, and D. Neely, “A computational investigation of the neon-like germanium collisionally pumped laser,” J. Phys. B 27, 341-367 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Klisnick, A.

S. Sebban, R. Haroutunian, Ph. Balcou, G. Grillon, A. Rousse, S. Kazamias, T. Marin, J. P. Rousseau, L. Notebaert, M. Pittman, J. P. Chambaret, A. Antonetti, D. Hulin, D. Ros, A. Klisnick, A. Carillon, P. Jaeglé, G. Jamelot, and J. F. Wyart, “Saturated amplification of a collisionally pumped optical-field-ionization soft x-ray laser at 41.8nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3004-3007 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ko, D.-K.

H. T. Kim, I. W. Choi, N. Hafz, J. H. Sung, T. J. Yu, K.-H. Hong, T. M. Jeong, Y.-C. Noh, D.-K. Ko, K. A. Janulewicz, J. Tümmler, P. V. Nickles, W. Sandner, and J. Lee, “Demonstration of a saturated Ni-like Ag x-ray laser pumped by a single profiled laser pulse from a 10-Hz Ti:sapphire laser system,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 023807 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. T. Kim, I. W. Choi, N. Hafz, J. H. Sung, T. J. Yu, K.-H. Hong, T. M. Jeong, J.-H. Kim, Y.-C. Noh, D.-K. Ko, J. Tümmler, P. V. Nickles, K. A. Janulewicz, and J. Lee, “Generation of Ni-like Ag x-ray laser and high-order harmonics forward harmonic seeded x-ray laser,” in X-ray Lasers 2006, Proceedings of the 10th International Conference, P.V.Nickles and K.A.Janulewicz, ed. (Springer, 2007), pp. 183-189.

Kuhlmann, M.

H. N. Chapman, A. Barty, M. J. Bogan, S. Boutet, M. Frank, S. P. Hau-Riege, S. Marchesini, B. W. Woods, S. Bajt, W. H. Benner, R. A. London, E. Plönjes, M. Kuhlmann, R. Treusch, S. Düsterer, T. Tschentscher, J. R. Schneider, E. Spiller, T. Möller, C. Bostedt, M. Hoener, D. A. Shapiro, K. O. Hodgson, D. van der Spoel, F. Burmeister, M. Bergh, C. Caleman, G. Huldt, M. M. Seibert, F. R. N. C. Maia, R. W. Lee, A. Szöke, N. Timneanu, and J. Hajdu, “Femtosecond diffractive imaging with a soft-x-ray free-electron laser,” Nat. Phys. 2, 839-843 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Larotonda, M. A.

le Pape, S.

Ph. Zeitoun, G. Faivre, S. Sebban, T. Mocek, A. Hallou, M. Fajardo, D. Aubert, P. Balcou, F. Burgy, D. Douillet, S. Kazamias, G. de Lacheze-Murel, T. Lefrou, S. le Pape, P. Mercere, H. Merdji, A. S. Morlens, J. P. Rousseau, and C. Valentin, “A high-intensity highly coherent soft x-ray femtosecond laser seeded by a high harmonic beam,” Nature 431, 426-429 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lee, J.

H. T. Kim, I. W. Choi, N. Hafz, J. H. Sung, T. J. Yu, K.-H. Hong, T. M. Jeong, Y.-C. Noh, D.-K. Ko, K. A. Janulewicz, J. Tümmler, P. V. Nickles, W. Sandner, and J. Lee, “Demonstration of a saturated Ni-like Ag x-ray laser pumped by a single profiled laser pulse from a 10-Hz Ti:sapphire laser system,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 023807 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. T. Kim, I. W. Choi, N. Hafz, J. H. Sung, T. J. Yu, K.-H. Hong, T. M. Jeong, J.-H. Kim, Y.-C. Noh, D.-K. Ko, J. Tümmler, P. V. Nickles, K. A. Janulewicz, and J. Lee, “Generation of Ni-like Ag x-ray laser and high-order harmonics forward harmonic seeded x-ray laser,” in X-ray Lasers 2006, Proceedings of the 10th International Conference, P.V.Nickles and K.A.Janulewicz, ed. (Springer, 2007), pp. 183-189.

Lee, R. W.

H. N. Chapman, A. Barty, M. J. Bogan, S. Boutet, M. Frank, S. P. Hau-Riege, S. Marchesini, B. W. Woods, S. Bajt, W. H. Benner, R. A. London, E. Plönjes, M. Kuhlmann, R. Treusch, S. Düsterer, T. Tschentscher, J. R. Schneider, E. Spiller, T. Möller, C. Bostedt, M. Hoener, D. A. Shapiro, K. O. Hodgson, D. van der Spoel, F. Burmeister, M. Bergh, C. Caleman, G. Huldt, M. M. Seibert, F. R. N. C. Maia, R. W. Lee, A. Szöke, N. Timneanu, and J. Hajdu, “Femtosecond diffractive imaging with a soft-x-ray free-electron laser,” Nat. Phys. 2, 839-843 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lefrou, T.

Ph. Zeitoun, G. Faivre, S. Sebban, T. Mocek, A. Hallou, M. Fajardo, D. Aubert, P. Balcou, F. Burgy, D. Douillet, S. Kazamias, G. de Lacheze-Murel, T. Lefrou, S. le Pape, P. Mercere, H. Merdji, A. S. Morlens, J. P. Rousseau, and C. Valentin, “A high-intensity highly coherent soft x-ray femtosecond laser seeded by a high harmonic beam,” Nature 431, 426-429 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lewis, C. L. S.

T. Ditmire, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, C. L. S. Lewis, A. MacPhee, I. Mercer, D. Neely, M. D. Perry, R. A. Smith, J. S. Wark, and M. Zepf, “Amplification of XUV harmonic radiation in a gallium amplifier,” Phys. Rev. A 51, R4337-R4340 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. B. Holden, S. B. Healy, M. T. M. Lightbody, G. J. Pert, J. A. Plowes, A. E. Kingston, E. Robertson, C. L. S. Lewis, and D. Neely, “A computational investigation of the neon-like germanium collisionally pumped laser,” J. Phys. B 27, 341-367 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Li, Y.

J. Dunn, Y. Li, A. L. Osterheld, J. Nilsen, J. R. Hunter, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, “Gain saturation regime for laser-driven tabletop, transient Ni-like ion x-ray lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4834-4837 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lightbody, M. T. M.

P. B. Holden, S. B. Healy, M. T. M. Lightbody, G. J. Pert, J. A. Plowes, A. E. Kingston, E. Robertson, C. L. S. Lewis, and D. Neely, “A computational investigation of the neon-like germanium collisionally pumped laser,” J. Phys. B 27, 341-367 (1994).
[CrossRef]

London, R. A.

H. N. Chapman, A. Barty, M. J. Bogan, S. Boutet, M. Frank, S. P. Hau-Riege, S. Marchesini, B. W. Woods, S. Bajt, W. H. Benner, R. A. London, E. Plönjes, M. Kuhlmann, R. Treusch, S. Düsterer, T. Tschentscher, J. R. Schneider, E. Spiller, T. Möller, C. Bostedt, M. Hoener, D. A. Shapiro, K. O. Hodgson, D. van der Spoel, F. Burmeister, M. Bergh, C. Caleman, G. Huldt, M. M. Seibert, F. R. N. C. Maia, R. W. Lee, A. Szöke, N. Timneanu, and J. Hajdu, “Femtosecond diffractive imaging with a soft-x-ray free-electron laser,” Nat. Phys. 2, 839-843 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lucianetti, A.

K. A. Janulewicz, A. Lucianetti, G. Priebe, W. Sandner, and P. V. Nickles, “Saturated Ni-like Ag x-ray laser at 13.9nm pumped by a single picosecond laser pulse,” Phys. Rev. A 68, 051802 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Luther, B. M.

Y. Wang, E. Granados, F. Pedaci, D. Alessi, B. M. Luther, M. Berrill, and J. J. Rocca, “Phase-coherent, injection-seeded table-top soft x-ray lasers at 18.9nm and 13.9nm,” Nat. Photonics 2, 94-98 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Larotonda, Y. Wang, M. Berrill, B. M. Luther, J. J. Rocca, M. M. Shakya, S. Gilbertson, and Z. Chang, “Pulse duration measurements of grazing-incidence-pumped high repetition rate Ni-like Ag Cd transient soft x-ray lasers,” Opt. Lett. 31, 3043-3045 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. J. Rocca, Y. Wang, M. A. Larotonda, B. M. Luther, M. Berrill, and D. Alessi, “Saturated 13.2nm high-repetition-rate laser in nickel like cadmium,” Opt. Lett. 30, 2581-2583 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Wang, M. A. Larotonda, B. M. Luther, D. Alessi, M. Berrill, V. N. Shlyaptsev, and J. J. Rocca, “Demonstration of high-repetition-rate tabletop soft-x-ray lasers with saturated output at wavelengths down to 13.9nm and gain down to 10.9nm,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 053807 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Rocca, Y. Wang, M. A. Larotonda, B. M. Luther, M. Berrill, and D. Alessi, “Saturated 13.2nm high repetition-rate laser in nickel-like cadmium,” Opt. Lett. 30, 2581-2583 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Macchietto, C. D.

B. R. Benware, C. D. Macchietto, C. H. Moreno, and J. J. Rocca, “Demonstration of a high average power tabletop soft x-ray laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5804-5807 (1998).
[CrossRef]

MacPhee, A.

T. Ditmire, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, C. L. S. Lewis, A. MacPhee, I. Mercer, D. Neely, M. D. Perry, R. A. Smith, J. S. Wark, and M. Zepf, “Amplification of XUV harmonic radiation in a gallium amplifier,” Phys. Rev. A 51, R4337-R4340 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Maia, F. R. N. C.

H. N. Chapman, A. Barty, M. J. Bogan, S. Boutet, M. Frank, S. P. Hau-Riege, S. Marchesini, B. W. Woods, S. Bajt, W. H. Benner, R. A. London, E. Plönjes, M. Kuhlmann, R. Treusch, S. Düsterer, T. Tschentscher, J. R. Schneider, E. Spiller, T. Möller, C. Bostedt, M. Hoener, D. A. Shapiro, K. O. Hodgson, D. van der Spoel, F. Burmeister, M. Bergh, C. Caleman, G. Huldt, M. M. Seibert, F. R. N. C. Maia, R. W. Lee, A. Szöke, N. Timneanu, and J. Hajdu, “Femtosecond diffractive imaging with a soft-x-ray free-electron laser,” Nat. Phys. 2, 839-843 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Marchesini, S.

H. N. Chapman, A. Barty, M. J. Bogan, S. Boutet, M. Frank, S. P. Hau-Riege, S. Marchesini, B. W. Woods, S. Bajt, W. H. Benner, R. A. London, E. Plönjes, M. Kuhlmann, R. Treusch, S. Düsterer, T. Tschentscher, J. R. Schneider, E. Spiller, T. Möller, C. Bostedt, M. Hoener, D. A. Shapiro, K. O. Hodgson, D. van der Spoel, F. Burmeister, M. Bergh, C. Caleman, G. Huldt, M. M. Seibert, F. R. N. C. Maia, R. W. Lee, A. Szöke, N. Timneanu, and J. Hajdu, “Femtosecond diffractive imaging with a soft-x-ray free-electron laser,” Nat. Phys. 2, 839-843 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Marconi, M. C.

J. Filevich, J. J. Rocca, M. C. Marconi, S. J. Moon, J. Nilsen, J. H. Scofield, J. Dunn, R. F. Smith, R. Keenan, J. R. Hunter, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, “Observation of a multiply ionized plasma with index of refraction greater than one,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 035005 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Marin, T.

S. Sebban, R. Haroutunian, Ph. Balcou, G. Grillon, A. Rousse, S. Kazamias, T. Marin, J. P. Rousseau, L. Notebaert, M. Pittman, J. P. Chambaret, A. Antonetti, D. Hulin, D. Ros, A. Klisnick, A. Carillon, P. Jaeglé, G. Jamelot, and J. F. Wyart, “Saturated amplification of a collisionally pumped optical-field-ionization soft x-ray laser at 41.8nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3004-3007 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mercer, I.

T. Ditmire, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, C. L. S. Lewis, A. MacPhee, I. Mercer, D. Neely, M. D. Perry, R. A. Smith, J. S. Wark, and M. Zepf, “Amplification of XUV harmonic radiation in a gallium amplifier,” Phys. Rev. A 51, R4337-R4340 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mercere, P.

Ph. Zeitoun, G. Faivre, S. Sebban, T. Mocek, A. Hallou, M. Fajardo, D. Aubert, P. Balcou, F. Burgy, D. Douillet, S. Kazamias, G. de Lacheze-Murel, T. Lefrou, S. le Pape, P. Mercere, H. Merdji, A. S. Morlens, J. P. Rousseau, and C. Valentin, “A high-intensity highly coherent soft x-ray femtosecond laser seeded by a high harmonic beam,” Nature 431, 426-429 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Merdji, H.

Ph. Zeitoun, G. Faivre, S. Sebban, T. Mocek, A. Hallou, M. Fajardo, D. Aubert, P. Balcou, F. Burgy, D. Douillet, S. Kazamias, G. de Lacheze-Murel, T. Lefrou, S. le Pape, P. Mercere, H. Merdji, A. S. Morlens, J. P. Rousseau, and C. Valentin, “A high-intensity highly coherent soft x-ray femtosecond laser seeded by a high harmonic beam,” Nature 431, 426-429 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mocek, T.

Ph. Zeitoun, G. Faivre, S. Sebban, T. Mocek, A. Hallou, M. Fajardo, D. Aubert, P. Balcou, F. Burgy, D. Douillet, S. Kazamias, G. de Lacheze-Murel, T. Lefrou, S. le Pape, P. Mercere, H. Merdji, A. S. Morlens, J. P. Rousseau, and C. Valentin, “A high-intensity highly coherent soft x-ray femtosecond laser seeded by a high harmonic beam,” Nature 431, 426-429 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Möller, T.

H. N. Chapman, A. Barty, M. J. Bogan, S. Boutet, M. Frank, S. P. Hau-Riege, S. Marchesini, B. W. Woods, S. Bajt, W. H. Benner, R. A. London, E. Plönjes, M. Kuhlmann, R. Treusch, S. Düsterer, T. Tschentscher, J. R. Schneider, E. Spiller, T. Möller, C. Bostedt, M. Hoener, D. A. Shapiro, K. O. Hodgson, D. van der Spoel, F. Burmeister, M. Bergh, C. Caleman, G. Huldt, M. M. Seibert, F. R. N. C. Maia, R. W. Lee, A. Szöke, N. Timneanu, and J. Hajdu, “Femtosecond diffractive imaging with a soft-x-ray free-electron laser,” Nat. Phys. 2, 839-843 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Moon, S. J.

J. Filevich, J. J. Rocca, M. C. Marconi, S. J. Moon, J. Nilsen, J. H. Scofield, J. Dunn, R. F. Smith, R. Keenan, J. R. Hunter, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, “Observation of a multiply ionized plasma with index of refraction greater than one,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 035005 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Moreno, C. H.

B. R. Benware, C. D. Macchietto, C. H. Moreno, and J. J. Rocca, “Demonstration of a high average power tabletop soft x-ray laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5804-5807 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Morlens, A. S.

Ph. Zeitoun, G. Faivre, S. Sebban, T. Mocek, A. Hallou, M. Fajardo, D. Aubert, P. Balcou, F. Burgy, D. Douillet, S. Kazamias, G. de Lacheze-Murel, T. Lefrou, S. le Pape, P. Mercere, H. Merdji, A. S. Morlens, J. P. Rousseau, and C. Valentin, “A high-intensity highly coherent soft x-ray femtosecond laser seeded by a high harmonic beam,” Nature 431, 426-429 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Neely, D.

T. Ditmire, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, C. L. S. Lewis, A. MacPhee, I. Mercer, D. Neely, M. D. Perry, R. A. Smith, J. S. Wark, and M. Zepf, “Amplification of XUV harmonic radiation in a gallium amplifier,” Phys. Rev. A 51, R4337-R4340 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. B. Holden, S. B. Healy, M. T. M. Lightbody, G. J. Pert, J. A. Plowes, A. E. Kingston, E. Robertson, C. L. S. Lewis, and D. Neely, “A computational investigation of the neon-like germanium collisionally pumped laser,” J. Phys. B 27, 341-367 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Nickles, P. V.

H. T. Kim, I. W. Choi, N. Hafz, J. H. Sung, T. J. Yu, K.-H. Hong, T. M. Jeong, Y.-C. Noh, D.-K. Ko, K. A. Janulewicz, J. Tümmler, P. V. Nickles, W. Sandner, and J. Lee, “Demonstration of a saturated Ni-like Ag x-ray laser pumped by a single profiled laser pulse from a 10-Hz Ti:sapphire laser system,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 023807 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Tümmler, K. A. Janulewicz, G. Priebe, and P. V. Nickles, “10-Hz grazing-incidence pumped Ni-like Mo x-ray laser,” Phys. Rev. E 72, 037401 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. A. Janulewicz, J. Tümmler, G. Priebe, and P. V. Nickles, “Plasma-kinetics perspective on a collisional Ni-like x-ray laser pumped by a single profiled laser pulse,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 043825 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. A. Janulewicz, A. Lucianetti, G. Priebe, W. Sandner, and P. V. Nickles, “Saturated Ni-like Ag x-ray laser at 13.9nm pumped by a single picosecond laser pulse,” Phys. Rev. A 68, 051802 (2003).
[CrossRef]

P. V. Nickles, V. N. Shlyaptsev, M. Kalachnikov, M. Schnürer, I. Will, and W. Sandner, “Short pulse x-ray laser at 32.6nm based on transient gain in Ne-like titanium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 2748-2751 (1997).
[CrossRef]

H. T. Kim, I. W. Choi, N. Hafz, J. H. Sung, T. J. Yu, K.-H. Hong, T. M. Jeong, J.-H. Kim, Y.-C. Noh, D.-K. Ko, J. Tümmler, P. V. Nickles, K. A. Janulewicz, and J. Lee, “Generation of Ni-like Ag x-ray laser and high-order harmonics forward harmonic seeded x-ray laser,” in X-ray Lasers 2006, Proceedings of the 10th International Conference, P.V.Nickles and K.A.Janulewicz, ed. (Springer, 2007), pp. 183-189.

Nilsen, J.

J. Filevich, J. J. Rocca, M. C. Marconi, S. J. Moon, J. Nilsen, J. H. Scofield, J. Dunn, R. F. Smith, R. Keenan, J. R. Hunter, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, “Observation of a multiply ionized plasma with index of refraction greater than one,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 035005 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Dunn, Y. Li, A. L. Osterheld, J. Nilsen, J. R. Hunter, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, “Gain saturation regime for laser-driven tabletop, transient Ni-like ion x-ray lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4834-4837 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Noh, Y.-C.

H. T. Kim, I. W. Choi, N. Hafz, J. H. Sung, T. J. Yu, K.-H. Hong, T. M. Jeong, Y.-C. Noh, D.-K. Ko, K. A. Janulewicz, J. Tümmler, P. V. Nickles, W. Sandner, and J. Lee, “Demonstration of a saturated Ni-like Ag x-ray laser pumped by a single profiled laser pulse from a 10-Hz Ti:sapphire laser system,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 023807 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. T. Kim, I. W. Choi, N. Hafz, J. H. Sung, T. J. Yu, K.-H. Hong, T. M. Jeong, J.-H. Kim, Y.-C. Noh, D.-K. Ko, J. Tümmler, P. V. Nickles, K. A. Janulewicz, and J. Lee, “Generation of Ni-like Ag x-ray laser and high-order harmonics forward harmonic seeded x-ray laser,” in X-ray Lasers 2006, Proceedings of the 10th International Conference, P.V.Nickles and K.A.Janulewicz, ed. (Springer, 2007), pp. 183-189.

Notebaert, L.

S. Sebban, R. Haroutunian, Ph. Balcou, G. Grillon, A. Rousse, S. Kazamias, T. Marin, J. P. Rousseau, L. Notebaert, M. Pittman, J. P. Chambaret, A. Antonetti, D. Hulin, D. Ros, A. Klisnick, A. Carillon, P. Jaeglé, G. Jamelot, and J. F. Wyart, “Saturated amplification of a collisionally pumped optical-field-ionization soft x-ray laser at 41.8nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3004-3007 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Osterheld, A. L.

J. Dunn, Y. Li, A. L. Osterheld, J. Nilsen, J. R. Hunter, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, “Gain saturation regime for laser-driven tabletop, transient Ni-like ion x-ray lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4834-4837 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Dunn, A. L. Osterheld, R. Shepherd, W. E. White, V. N. Shlyaptsev, and R. E. Stewart, “Demonstration of x-ray amplification in transient gain nickel-like palladium scheme,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 2825-2828 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Patel, P. K.

R. Keenan, J. Dunn, P. K. Patel, D. F. Price, R. F. Smith, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, “High-repetition-rate grazing-incidence pumped x-ray laser operating at 18.9nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 103901 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pedaci, F.

Y. Wang, E. Granados, F. Pedaci, D. Alessi, B. M. Luther, M. Berrill, and J. J. Rocca, “Phase-coherent, injection-seeded table-top soft x-ray lasers at 18.9nm and 13.9nm,” Nat. Photonics 2, 94-98 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Perry, M. D.

T. Ditmire, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, C. L. S. Lewis, A. MacPhee, I. Mercer, D. Neely, M. D. Perry, R. A. Smith, J. S. Wark, and M. Zepf, “Amplification of XUV harmonic radiation in a gallium amplifier,” Phys. Rev. A 51, R4337-R4340 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pert, G. J.

G. J. Pert, “Optimizing the performance of nickel-like collisionally pumped x-ray lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 73, 033809 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. B. Holden, S. B. Healy, M. T. M. Lightbody, G. J. Pert, J. A. Plowes, A. E. Kingston, E. Robertson, C. L. S. Lewis, and D. Neely, “A computational investigation of the neon-like germanium collisionally pumped laser,” J. Phys. B 27, 341-367 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Pittman, M.

S. Sebban, R. Haroutunian, Ph. Balcou, G. Grillon, A. Rousse, S. Kazamias, T. Marin, J. P. Rousseau, L. Notebaert, M. Pittman, J. P. Chambaret, A. Antonetti, D. Hulin, D. Ros, A. Klisnick, A. Carillon, P. Jaeglé, G. Jamelot, and J. F. Wyart, “Saturated amplification of a collisionally pumped optical-field-ionization soft x-ray laser at 41.8nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3004-3007 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Plönjes, E.

H. N. Chapman, A. Barty, M. J. Bogan, S. Boutet, M. Frank, S. P. Hau-Riege, S. Marchesini, B. W. Woods, S. Bajt, W. H. Benner, R. A. London, E. Plönjes, M. Kuhlmann, R. Treusch, S. Düsterer, T. Tschentscher, J. R. Schneider, E. Spiller, T. Möller, C. Bostedt, M. Hoener, D. A. Shapiro, K. O. Hodgson, D. van der Spoel, F. Burmeister, M. Bergh, C. Caleman, G. Huldt, M. M. Seibert, F. R. N. C. Maia, R. W. Lee, A. Szöke, N. Timneanu, and J. Hajdu, “Femtosecond diffractive imaging with a soft-x-ray free-electron laser,” Nat. Phys. 2, 839-843 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Plowes, J. A.

P. B. Holden, S. B. Healy, M. T. M. Lightbody, G. J. Pert, J. A. Plowes, A. E. Kingston, E. Robertson, C. L. S. Lewis, and D. Neely, “A computational investigation of the neon-like germanium collisionally pumped laser,” J. Phys. B 27, 341-367 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Price, D. F.

R. Keenan, J. Dunn, P. K. Patel, D. F. Price, R. F. Smith, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, “High-repetition-rate grazing-incidence pumped x-ray laser operating at 18.9nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 103901 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Priebe, G.

J. Tümmler, K. A. Janulewicz, G. Priebe, and P. V. Nickles, “10-Hz grazing-incidence pumped Ni-like Mo x-ray laser,” Phys. Rev. E 72, 037401 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. A. Janulewicz, J. Tümmler, G. Priebe, and P. V. Nickles, “Plasma-kinetics perspective on a collisional Ni-like x-ray laser pumped by a single profiled laser pulse,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 043825 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. A. Janulewicz, A. Lucianetti, G. Priebe, W. Sandner, and P. V. Nickles, “Saturated Ni-like Ag x-ray laser at 13.9nm pumped by a single picosecond laser pulse,” Phys. Rev. A 68, 051802 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Reichelt, W. H.

J. F. Figueira, W. H. Reichelt, G. T. Schappert, T. F. Stratton, and C. A. Fenstermacher, “Nanosecond pulse amplification in electron-beam-pumped CO2 amplifiers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 22, 216-218 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Robertson, E.

P. B. Holden, S. B. Healy, M. T. M. Lightbody, G. J. Pert, J. A. Plowes, A. E. Kingston, E. Robertson, C. L. S. Lewis, and D. Neely, “A computational investigation of the neon-like germanium collisionally pumped laser,” J. Phys. B 27, 341-367 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Rocca, J. J.

Y. Wang, E. Granados, F. Pedaci, D. Alessi, B. M. Luther, M. Berrill, and J. J. Rocca, “Phase-coherent, injection-seeded table-top soft x-ray lasers at 18.9nm and 13.9nm,” Nat. Photonics 2, 94-98 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Larotonda, Y. Wang, M. Berrill, B. M. Luther, J. J. Rocca, M. M. Shakya, S. Gilbertson, and Z. Chang, “Pulse duration measurements of grazing-incidence-pumped high repetition rate Ni-like Ag Cd transient soft x-ray lasers,” Opt. Lett. 31, 3043-3045 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. J. Rocca, Y. Wang, M. A. Larotonda, B. M. Luther, M. Berrill, and D. Alessi, “Saturated 13.2nm high-repetition-rate laser in nickel like cadmium,” Opt. Lett. 30, 2581-2583 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Filevich, J. J. Rocca, M. C. Marconi, S. J. Moon, J. Nilsen, J. H. Scofield, J. Dunn, R. F. Smith, R. Keenan, J. R. Hunter, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, “Observation of a multiply ionized plasma with index of refraction greater than one,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 035005 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Wang, M. A. Larotonda, B. M. Luther, D. Alessi, M. Berrill, V. N. Shlyaptsev, and J. J. Rocca, “Demonstration of high-repetition-rate tabletop soft-x-ray lasers with saturated output at wavelengths down to 13.9nm and gain down to 10.9nm,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 053807 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Rocca, Y. Wang, M. A. Larotonda, B. M. Luther, M. Berrill, and D. Alessi, “Saturated 13.2nm high repetition-rate laser in nickel-like cadmium,” Opt. Lett. 30, 2581-2583 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. R. Benware, C. D. Macchietto, C. H. Moreno, and J. J. Rocca, “Demonstration of a high average power tabletop soft x-ray laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5804-5807 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ros, D.

S. Sebban, R. Haroutunian, Ph. Balcou, G. Grillon, A. Rousse, S. Kazamias, T. Marin, J. P. Rousseau, L. Notebaert, M. Pittman, J. P. Chambaret, A. Antonetti, D. Hulin, D. Ros, A. Klisnick, A. Carillon, P. Jaeglé, G. Jamelot, and J. F. Wyart, “Saturated amplification of a collisionally pumped optical-field-ionization soft x-ray laser at 41.8nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3004-3007 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rousse, A.

S. Sebban, R. Haroutunian, Ph. Balcou, G. Grillon, A. Rousse, S. Kazamias, T. Marin, J. P. Rousseau, L. Notebaert, M. Pittman, J. P. Chambaret, A. Antonetti, D. Hulin, D. Ros, A. Klisnick, A. Carillon, P. Jaeglé, G. Jamelot, and J. F. Wyart, “Saturated amplification of a collisionally pumped optical-field-ionization soft x-ray laser at 41.8nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3004-3007 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rousseau, J. P.

Ph. Zeitoun, G. Faivre, S. Sebban, T. Mocek, A. Hallou, M. Fajardo, D. Aubert, P. Balcou, F. Burgy, D. Douillet, S. Kazamias, G. de Lacheze-Murel, T. Lefrou, S. le Pape, P. Mercere, H. Merdji, A. S. Morlens, J. P. Rousseau, and C. Valentin, “A high-intensity highly coherent soft x-ray femtosecond laser seeded by a high harmonic beam,” Nature 431, 426-429 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Sebban, R. Haroutunian, Ph. Balcou, G. Grillon, A. Rousse, S. Kazamias, T. Marin, J. P. Rousseau, L. Notebaert, M. Pittman, J. P. Chambaret, A. Antonetti, D. Hulin, D. Ros, A. Klisnick, A. Carillon, P. Jaeglé, G. Jamelot, and J. F. Wyart, “Saturated amplification of a collisionally pumped optical-field-ionization soft x-ray laser at 41.8nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3004-3007 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sandner, W.

H. T. Kim, I. W. Choi, N. Hafz, J. H. Sung, T. J. Yu, K.-H. Hong, T. M. Jeong, Y.-C. Noh, D.-K. Ko, K. A. Janulewicz, J. Tümmler, P. V. Nickles, W. Sandner, and J. Lee, “Demonstration of a saturated Ni-like Ag x-ray laser pumped by a single profiled laser pulse from a 10-Hz Ti:sapphire laser system,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 023807 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. A. Janulewicz, A. Lucianetti, G. Priebe, W. Sandner, and P. V. Nickles, “Saturated Ni-like Ag x-ray laser at 13.9nm pumped by a single picosecond laser pulse,” Phys. Rev. A 68, 051802 (2003).
[CrossRef]

P. V. Nickles, V. N. Shlyaptsev, M. Kalachnikov, M. Schnürer, I. Will, and W. Sandner, “Short pulse x-ray laser at 32.6nm based on transient gain in Ne-like titanium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 2748-2751 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Schappert, G. T.

J. F. Figueira, W. H. Reichelt, G. T. Schappert, T. F. Stratton, and C. A. Fenstermacher, “Nanosecond pulse amplification in electron-beam-pumped CO2 amplifiers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 22, 216-218 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Schneider, J. R.

H. N. Chapman, A. Barty, M. J. Bogan, S. Boutet, M. Frank, S. P. Hau-Riege, S. Marchesini, B. W. Woods, S. Bajt, W. H. Benner, R. A. London, E. Plönjes, M. Kuhlmann, R. Treusch, S. Düsterer, T. Tschentscher, J. R. Schneider, E. Spiller, T. Möller, C. Bostedt, M. Hoener, D. A. Shapiro, K. O. Hodgson, D. van der Spoel, F. Burmeister, M. Bergh, C. Caleman, G. Huldt, M. M. Seibert, F. R. N. C. Maia, R. W. Lee, A. Szöke, N. Timneanu, and J. Hajdu, “Femtosecond diffractive imaging with a soft-x-ray free-electron laser,” Nat. Phys. 2, 839-843 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Schnürer, M.

P. V. Nickles, V. N. Shlyaptsev, M. Kalachnikov, M. Schnürer, I. Will, and W. Sandner, “Short pulse x-ray laser at 32.6nm based on transient gain in Ne-like titanium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 2748-2751 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Scofield, J. H.

J. Filevich, J. J. Rocca, M. C. Marconi, S. J. Moon, J. Nilsen, J. H. Scofield, J. Dunn, R. F. Smith, R. Keenan, J. R. Hunter, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, “Observation of a multiply ionized plasma with index of refraction greater than one,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 035005 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sebban, S.

Ph. Zeitoun, G. Faivre, S. Sebban, T. Mocek, A. Hallou, M. Fajardo, D. Aubert, P. Balcou, F. Burgy, D. Douillet, S. Kazamias, G. de Lacheze-Murel, T. Lefrou, S. le Pape, P. Mercere, H. Merdji, A. S. Morlens, J. P. Rousseau, and C. Valentin, “A high-intensity highly coherent soft x-ray femtosecond laser seeded by a high harmonic beam,” Nature 431, 426-429 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Sebban, R. Haroutunian, Ph. Balcou, G. Grillon, A. Rousse, S. Kazamias, T. Marin, J. P. Rousseau, L. Notebaert, M. Pittman, J. P. Chambaret, A. Antonetti, D. Hulin, D. Ros, A. Klisnick, A. Carillon, P. Jaeglé, G. Jamelot, and J. F. Wyart, “Saturated amplification of a collisionally pumped optical-field-ionization soft x-ray laser at 41.8nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3004-3007 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Seibert, M. M.

H. N. Chapman, A. Barty, M. J. Bogan, S. Boutet, M. Frank, S. P. Hau-Riege, S. Marchesini, B. W. Woods, S. Bajt, W. H. Benner, R. A. London, E. Plönjes, M. Kuhlmann, R. Treusch, S. Düsterer, T. Tschentscher, J. R. Schneider, E. Spiller, T. Möller, C. Bostedt, M. Hoener, D. A. Shapiro, K. O. Hodgson, D. van der Spoel, F. Burmeister, M. Bergh, C. Caleman, G. Huldt, M. M. Seibert, F. R. N. C. Maia, R. W. Lee, A. Szöke, N. Timneanu, and J. Hajdu, “Femtosecond diffractive imaging with a soft-x-ray free-electron laser,” Nat. Phys. 2, 839-843 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Shakya, M. M.

Shapiro, D. A.

H. N. Chapman, A. Barty, M. J. Bogan, S. Boutet, M. Frank, S. P. Hau-Riege, S. Marchesini, B. W. Woods, S. Bajt, W. H. Benner, R. A. London, E. Plönjes, M. Kuhlmann, R. Treusch, S. Düsterer, T. Tschentscher, J. R. Schneider, E. Spiller, T. Möller, C. Bostedt, M. Hoener, D. A. Shapiro, K. O. Hodgson, D. van der Spoel, F. Burmeister, M. Bergh, C. Caleman, G. Huldt, M. M. Seibert, F. R. N. C. Maia, R. W. Lee, A. Szöke, N. Timneanu, and J. Hajdu, “Femtosecond diffractive imaging with a soft-x-ray free-electron laser,” Nat. Phys. 2, 839-843 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Shepherd, R.

J. Dunn, A. L. Osterheld, R. Shepherd, W. E. White, V. N. Shlyaptsev, and R. E. Stewart, “Demonstration of x-ray amplification in transient gain nickel-like palladium scheme,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 2825-2828 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Shlyaptsev, V. N.

J. Filevich, J. J. Rocca, M. C. Marconi, S. J. Moon, J. Nilsen, J. H. Scofield, J. Dunn, R. F. Smith, R. Keenan, J. R. Hunter, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, “Observation of a multiply ionized plasma with index of refraction greater than one,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 035005 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Keenan, J. Dunn, P. K. Patel, D. F. Price, R. F. Smith, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, “High-repetition-rate grazing-incidence pumped x-ray laser operating at 18.9nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 103901 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Wang, M. A. Larotonda, B. M. Luther, D. Alessi, M. Berrill, V. N. Shlyaptsev, and J. J. Rocca, “Demonstration of high-repetition-rate tabletop soft-x-ray lasers with saturated output at wavelengths down to 13.9nm and gain down to 10.9nm,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 053807 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Dunn, Y. Li, A. L. Osterheld, J. Nilsen, J. R. Hunter, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, “Gain saturation regime for laser-driven tabletop, transient Ni-like ion x-ray lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4834-4837 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Dunn, A. L. Osterheld, R. Shepherd, W. E. White, V. N. Shlyaptsev, and R. E. Stewart, “Demonstration of x-ray amplification in transient gain nickel-like palladium scheme,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 2825-2828 (1998).
[CrossRef]

P. V. Nickles, V. N. Shlyaptsev, M. Kalachnikov, M. Schnürer, I. Will, and W. Sandner, “Short pulse x-ray laser at 32.6nm based on transient gain in Ne-like titanium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 2748-2751 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Smith, R. A.

T. Ditmire, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, C. L. S. Lewis, A. MacPhee, I. Mercer, D. Neely, M. D. Perry, R. A. Smith, J. S. Wark, and M. Zepf, “Amplification of XUV harmonic radiation in a gallium amplifier,” Phys. Rev. A 51, R4337-R4340 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Smith, R. F.

J. Filevich, J. J. Rocca, M. C. Marconi, S. J. Moon, J. Nilsen, J. H. Scofield, J. Dunn, R. F. Smith, R. Keenan, J. R. Hunter, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, “Observation of a multiply ionized plasma with index of refraction greater than one,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 035005 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Keenan, J. Dunn, P. K. Patel, D. F. Price, R. F. Smith, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, “High-repetition-rate grazing-incidence pumped x-ray laser operating at 18.9nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 103901 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Spiller, E.

H. N. Chapman, A. Barty, M. J. Bogan, S. Boutet, M. Frank, S. P. Hau-Riege, S. Marchesini, B. W. Woods, S. Bajt, W. H. Benner, R. A. London, E. Plönjes, M. Kuhlmann, R. Treusch, S. Düsterer, T. Tschentscher, J. R. Schneider, E. Spiller, T. Möller, C. Bostedt, M. Hoener, D. A. Shapiro, K. O. Hodgson, D. van der Spoel, F. Burmeister, M. Bergh, C. Caleman, G. Huldt, M. M. Seibert, F. R. N. C. Maia, R. W. Lee, A. Szöke, N. Timneanu, and J. Hajdu, “Femtosecond diffractive imaging with a soft-x-ray free-electron laser,” Nat. Phys. 2, 839-843 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Stewart, R. E.

J. Dunn, A. L. Osterheld, R. Shepherd, W. E. White, V. N. Shlyaptsev, and R. E. Stewart, “Demonstration of x-ray amplification in transient gain nickel-like palladium scheme,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 2825-2828 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Stratton, T. F.

J. F. Figueira, W. H. Reichelt, G. T. Schappert, T. F. Stratton, and C. A. Fenstermacher, “Nanosecond pulse amplification in electron-beam-pumped CO2 amplifiers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 22, 216-218 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Sung, J. H.

H. T. Kim, I. W. Choi, N. Hafz, J. H. Sung, T. J. Yu, K.-H. Hong, T. M. Jeong, Y.-C. Noh, D.-K. Ko, K. A. Janulewicz, J. Tümmler, P. V. Nickles, W. Sandner, and J. Lee, “Demonstration of a saturated Ni-like Ag x-ray laser pumped by a single profiled laser pulse from a 10-Hz Ti:sapphire laser system,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 023807 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. T. Kim, I. W. Choi, N. Hafz, J. H. Sung, T. J. Yu, K.-H. Hong, T. M. Jeong, J.-H. Kim, Y.-C. Noh, D.-K. Ko, J. Tümmler, P. V. Nickles, K. A. Janulewicz, and J. Lee, “Generation of Ni-like Ag x-ray laser and high-order harmonics forward harmonic seeded x-ray laser,” in X-ray Lasers 2006, Proceedings of the 10th International Conference, P.V.Nickles and K.A.Janulewicz, ed. (Springer, 2007), pp. 183-189.

Szöke, A.

H. N. Chapman, A. Barty, M. J. Bogan, S. Boutet, M. Frank, S. P. Hau-Riege, S. Marchesini, B. W. Woods, S. Bajt, W. H. Benner, R. A. London, E. Plönjes, M. Kuhlmann, R. Treusch, S. Düsterer, T. Tschentscher, J. R. Schneider, E. Spiller, T. Möller, C. Bostedt, M. Hoener, D. A. Shapiro, K. O. Hodgson, D. van der Spoel, F. Burmeister, M. Bergh, C. Caleman, G. Huldt, M. M. Seibert, F. R. N. C. Maia, R. W. Lee, A. Szöke, N. Timneanu, and J. Hajdu, “Femtosecond diffractive imaging with a soft-x-ray free-electron laser,” Nat. Phys. 2, 839-843 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Timneanu, N.

H. N. Chapman, A. Barty, M. J. Bogan, S. Boutet, M. Frank, S. P. Hau-Riege, S. Marchesini, B. W. Woods, S. Bajt, W. H. Benner, R. A. London, E. Plönjes, M. Kuhlmann, R. Treusch, S. Düsterer, T. Tschentscher, J. R. Schneider, E. Spiller, T. Möller, C. Bostedt, M. Hoener, D. A. Shapiro, K. O. Hodgson, D. van der Spoel, F. Burmeister, M. Bergh, C. Caleman, G. Huldt, M. M. Seibert, F. R. N. C. Maia, R. W. Lee, A. Szöke, N. Timneanu, and J. Hajdu, “Femtosecond diffractive imaging with a soft-x-ray free-electron laser,” Nat. Phys. 2, 839-843 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Treusch, R.

H. N. Chapman, A. Barty, M. J. Bogan, S. Boutet, M. Frank, S. P. Hau-Riege, S. Marchesini, B. W. Woods, S. Bajt, W. H. Benner, R. A. London, E. Plönjes, M. Kuhlmann, R. Treusch, S. Düsterer, T. Tschentscher, J. R. Schneider, E. Spiller, T. Möller, C. Bostedt, M. Hoener, D. A. Shapiro, K. O. Hodgson, D. van der Spoel, F. Burmeister, M. Bergh, C. Caleman, G. Huldt, M. M. Seibert, F. R. N. C. Maia, R. W. Lee, A. Szöke, N. Timneanu, and J. Hajdu, “Femtosecond diffractive imaging with a soft-x-ray free-electron laser,” Nat. Phys. 2, 839-843 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tschentscher, T.

H. N. Chapman, A. Barty, M. J. Bogan, S. Boutet, M. Frank, S. P. Hau-Riege, S. Marchesini, B. W. Woods, S. Bajt, W. H. Benner, R. A. London, E. Plönjes, M. Kuhlmann, R. Treusch, S. Düsterer, T. Tschentscher, J. R. Schneider, E. Spiller, T. Möller, C. Bostedt, M. Hoener, D. A. Shapiro, K. O. Hodgson, D. van der Spoel, F. Burmeister, M. Bergh, C. Caleman, G. Huldt, M. M. Seibert, F. R. N. C. Maia, R. W. Lee, A. Szöke, N. Timneanu, and J. Hajdu, “Femtosecond diffractive imaging with a soft-x-ray free-electron laser,” Nat. Phys. 2, 839-843 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tümmler, J.

H. T. Kim, I. W. Choi, N. Hafz, J. H. Sung, T. J. Yu, K.-H. Hong, T. M. Jeong, Y.-C. Noh, D.-K. Ko, K. A. Janulewicz, J. Tümmler, P. V. Nickles, W. Sandner, and J. Lee, “Demonstration of a saturated Ni-like Ag x-ray laser pumped by a single profiled laser pulse from a 10-Hz Ti:sapphire laser system,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 023807 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Tümmler, K. A. Janulewicz, G. Priebe, and P. V. Nickles, “10-Hz grazing-incidence pumped Ni-like Mo x-ray laser,” Phys. Rev. E 72, 037401 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. A. Janulewicz, J. Tümmler, G. Priebe, and P. V. Nickles, “Plasma-kinetics perspective on a collisional Ni-like x-ray laser pumped by a single profiled laser pulse,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 043825 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. T. Kim, I. W. Choi, N. Hafz, J. H. Sung, T. J. Yu, K.-H. Hong, T. M. Jeong, J.-H. Kim, Y.-C. Noh, D.-K. Ko, J. Tümmler, P. V. Nickles, K. A. Janulewicz, and J. Lee, “Generation of Ni-like Ag x-ray laser and high-order harmonics forward harmonic seeded x-ray laser,” in X-ray Lasers 2006, Proceedings of the 10th International Conference, P.V.Nickles and K.A.Janulewicz, ed. (Springer, 2007), pp. 183-189.

Valentin, C.

Ph. Zeitoun, G. Faivre, S. Sebban, T. Mocek, A. Hallou, M. Fajardo, D. Aubert, P. Balcou, F. Burgy, D. Douillet, S. Kazamias, G. de Lacheze-Murel, T. Lefrou, S. le Pape, P. Mercere, H. Merdji, A. S. Morlens, J. P. Rousseau, and C. Valentin, “A high-intensity highly coherent soft x-ray femtosecond laser seeded by a high harmonic beam,” Nature 431, 426-429 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

van der Spoel, D.

H. N. Chapman, A. Barty, M. J. Bogan, S. Boutet, M. Frank, S. P. Hau-Riege, S. Marchesini, B. W. Woods, S. Bajt, W. H. Benner, R. A. London, E. Plönjes, M. Kuhlmann, R. Treusch, S. Düsterer, T. Tschentscher, J. R. Schneider, E. Spiller, T. Möller, C. Bostedt, M. Hoener, D. A. Shapiro, K. O. Hodgson, D. van der Spoel, F. Burmeister, M. Bergh, C. Caleman, G. Huldt, M. M. Seibert, F. R. N. C. Maia, R. W. Lee, A. Szöke, N. Timneanu, and J. Hajdu, “Femtosecond diffractive imaging with a soft-x-ray free-electron laser,” Nat. Phys. 2, 839-843 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y.

Y. Wang, E. Granados, F. Pedaci, D. Alessi, B. M. Luther, M. Berrill, and J. J. Rocca, “Phase-coherent, injection-seeded table-top soft x-ray lasers at 18.9nm and 13.9nm,” Nat. Photonics 2, 94-98 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Larotonda, Y. Wang, M. Berrill, B. M. Luther, J. J. Rocca, M. M. Shakya, S. Gilbertson, and Z. Chang, “Pulse duration measurements of grazing-incidence-pumped high repetition rate Ni-like Ag Cd transient soft x-ray lasers,” Opt. Lett. 31, 3043-3045 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. J. Rocca, Y. Wang, M. A. Larotonda, B. M. Luther, M. Berrill, and D. Alessi, “Saturated 13.2nm high-repetition-rate laser in nickel like cadmium,” Opt. Lett. 30, 2581-2583 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Wang, M. A. Larotonda, B. M. Luther, D. Alessi, M. Berrill, V. N. Shlyaptsev, and J. J. Rocca, “Demonstration of high-repetition-rate tabletop soft-x-ray lasers with saturated output at wavelengths down to 13.9nm and gain down to 10.9nm,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 053807 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Rocca, Y. Wang, M. A. Larotonda, B. M. Luther, M. Berrill, and D. Alessi, “Saturated 13.2nm high repetition-rate laser in nickel-like cadmium,” Opt. Lett. 30, 2581-2583 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wark, J. S.

T. Ditmire, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, C. L. S. Lewis, A. MacPhee, I. Mercer, D. Neely, M. D. Perry, R. A. Smith, J. S. Wark, and M. Zepf, “Amplification of XUV harmonic radiation in a gallium amplifier,” Phys. Rev. A 51, R4337-R4340 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

White, W. E.

J. Dunn, A. L. Osterheld, R. Shepherd, W. E. White, V. N. Shlyaptsev, and R. E. Stewart, “Demonstration of x-ray amplification in transient gain nickel-like palladium scheme,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 2825-2828 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Will, I.

P. V. Nickles, V. N. Shlyaptsev, M. Kalachnikov, M. Schnürer, I. Will, and W. Sandner, “Short pulse x-ray laser at 32.6nm based on transient gain in Ne-like titanium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 2748-2751 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Woods, B. W.

H. N. Chapman, A. Barty, M. J. Bogan, S. Boutet, M. Frank, S. P. Hau-Riege, S. Marchesini, B. W. Woods, S. Bajt, W. H. Benner, R. A. London, E. Plönjes, M. Kuhlmann, R. Treusch, S. Düsterer, T. Tschentscher, J. R. Schneider, E. Spiller, T. Möller, C. Bostedt, M. Hoener, D. A. Shapiro, K. O. Hodgson, D. van der Spoel, F. Burmeister, M. Bergh, C. Caleman, G. Huldt, M. M. Seibert, F. R. N. C. Maia, R. W. Lee, A. Szöke, N. Timneanu, and J. Hajdu, “Femtosecond diffractive imaging with a soft-x-ray free-electron laser,” Nat. Phys. 2, 839-843 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wyart, J. F.

S. Sebban, R. Haroutunian, Ph. Balcou, G. Grillon, A. Rousse, S. Kazamias, T. Marin, J. P. Rousseau, L. Notebaert, M. Pittman, J. P. Chambaret, A. Antonetti, D. Hulin, D. Ros, A. Klisnick, A. Carillon, P. Jaeglé, G. Jamelot, and J. F. Wyart, “Saturated amplification of a collisionally pumped optical-field-ionization soft x-ray laser at 41.8nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3004-3007 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yu, T. J.

H. T. Kim, I. W. Choi, N. Hafz, J. H. Sung, T. J. Yu, K.-H. Hong, T. M. Jeong, Y.-C. Noh, D.-K. Ko, K. A. Janulewicz, J. Tümmler, P. V. Nickles, W. Sandner, and J. Lee, “Demonstration of a saturated Ni-like Ag x-ray laser pumped by a single profiled laser pulse from a 10-Hz Ti:sapphire laser system,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 023807 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. T. Kim, I. W. Choi, N. Hafz, J. H. Sung, T. J. Yu, K.-H. Hong, T. M. Jeong, J.-H. Kim, Y.-C. Noh, D.-K. Ko, J. Tümmler, P. V. Nickles, K. A. Janulewicz, and J. Lee, “Generation of Ni-like Ag x-ray laser and high-order harmonics forward harmonic seeded x-ray laser,” in X-ray Lasers 2006, Proceedings of the 10th International Conference, P.V.Nickles and K.A.Janulewicz, ed. (Springer, 2007), pp. 183-189.

Zeitoun, Ph.

Ph. Zeitoun, G. Faivre, S. Sebban, T. Mocek, A. Hallou, M. Fajardo, D. Aubert, P. Balcou, F. Burgy, D. Douillet, S. Kazamias, G. de Lacheze-Murel, T. Lefrou, S. le Pape, P. Mercere, H. Merdji, A. S. Morlens, J. P. Rousseau, and C. Valentin, “A high-intensity highly coherent soft x-ray femtosecond laser seeded by a high harmonic beam,” Nature 431, 426-429 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zepf, M.

T. Ditmire, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, C. L. S. Lewis, A. MacPhee, I. Mercer, D. Neely, M. D. Perry, R. A. Smith, J. S. Wark, and M. Zepf, “Amplification of XUV harmonic radiation in a gallium amplifier,” Phys. Rev. A 51, R4337-R4340 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

J. F. Figueira, W. H. Reichelt, G. T. Schappert, T. F. Stratton, and C. A. Fenstermacher, “Nanosecond pulse amplification in electron-beam-pumped CO2 amplifiers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 22, 216-218 (1973).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. B (1)

P. B. Holden, S. B. Healy, M. T. M. Lightbody, G. J. Pert, J. A. Plowes, A. E. Kingston, E. Robertson, C. L. S. Lewis, and D. Neely, “A computational investigation of the neon-like germanium collisionally pumped laser,” J. Phys. B 27, 341-367 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics (1)

Y. Wang, E. Granados, F. Pedaci, D. Alessi, B. M. Luther, M. Berrill, and J. J. Rocca, “Phase-coherent, injection-seeded table-top soft x-ray lasers at 18.9nm and 13.9nm,” Nat. Photonics 2, 94-98 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Phys. (1)

H. N. Chapman, A. Barty, M. J. Bogan, S. Boutet, M. Frank, S. P. Hau-Riege, S. Marchesini, B. W. Woods, S. Bajt, W. H. Benner, R. A. London, E. Plönjes, M. Kuhlmann, R. Treusch, S. Düsterer, T. Tschentscher, J. R. Schneider, E. Spiller, T. Möller, C. Bostedt, M. Hoener, D. A. Shapiro, K. O. Hodgson, D. van der Spoel, F. Burmeister, M. Bergh, C. Caleman, G. Huldt, M. M. Seibert, F. R. N. C. Maia, R. W. Lee, A. Szöke, N. Timneanu, and J. Hajdu, “Femtosecond diffractive imaging with a soft-x-ray free-electron laser,” Nat. Phys. 2, 839-843 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

Ph. Zeitoun, G. Faivre, S. Sebban, T. Mocek, A. Hallou, M. Fajardo, D. Aubert, P. Balcou, F. Burgy, D. Douillet, S. Kazamias, G. de Lacheze-Murel, T. Lefrou, S. le Pape, P. Mercere, H. Merdji, A. S. Morlens, J. P. Rousseau, and C. Valentin, “A high-intensity highly coherent soft x-ray femtosecond laser seeded by a high harmonic beam,” Nature 431, 426-429 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. A (6)

G. J. Pert, “Optimizing the performance of nickel-like collisionally pumped x-ray lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 73, 033809 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. Ditmire, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, C. L. S. Lewis, A. MacPhee, I. Mercer, D. Neely, M. D. Perry, R. A. Smith, J. S. Wark, and M. Zepf, “Amplification of XUV harmonic radiation in a gallium amplifier,” Phys. Rev. A 51, R4337-R4340 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Wang, M. A. Larotonda, B. M. Luther, D. Alessi, M. Berrill, V. N. Shlyaptsev, and J. J. Rocca, “Demonstration of high-repetition-rate tabletop soft-x-ray lasers with saturated output at wavelengths down to 13.9nm and gain down to 10.9nm,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 053807 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. A. Janulewicz, A. Lucianetti, G. Priebe, W. Sandner, and P. V. Nickles, “Saturated Ni-like Ag x-ray laser at 13.9nm pumped by a single picosecond laser pulse,” Phys. Rev. A 68, 051802 (2003).
[CrossRef]

K. A. Janulewicz, J. Tümmler, G. Priebe, and P. V. Nickles, “Plasma-kinetics perspective on a collisional Ni-like x-ray laser pumped by a single profiled laser pulse,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 043825 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. T. Kim, I. W. Choi, N. Hafz, J. H. Sung, T. J. Yu, K.-H. Hong, T. M. Jeong, Y.-C. Noh, D.-K. Ko, K. A. Janulewicz, J. Tümmler, P. V. Nickles, W. Sandner, and J. Lee, “Demonstration of a saturated Ni-like Ag x-ray laser pumped by a single profiled laser pulse from a 10-Hz Ti:sapphire laser system,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 023807 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. E (1)

J. Tümmler, K. A. Janulewicz, G. Priebe, and P. V. Nickles, “10-Hz grazing-incidence pumped Ni-like Mo x-ray laser,” Phys. Rev. E 72, 037401 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (7)

J. Filevich, J. J. Rocca, M. C. Marconi, S. J. Moon, J. Nilsen, J. H. Scofield, J. Dunn, R. F. Smith, R. Keenan, J. R. Hunter, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, “Observation of a multiply ionized plasma with index of refraction greater than one,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 035005 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. V. Nickles, V. N. Shlyaptsev, M. Kalachnikov, M. Schnürer, I. Will, and W. Sandner, “Short pulse x-ray laser at 32.6nm based on transient gain in Ne-like titanium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 2748-2751 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Dunn, A. L. Osterheld, R. Shepherd, W. E. White, V. N. Shlyaptsev, and R. E. Stewart, “Demonstration of x-ray amplification in transient gain nickel-like palladium scheme,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 2825-2828 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Dunn, Y. Li, A. L. Osterheld, J. Nilsen, J. R. Hunter, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, “Gain saturation regime for laser-driven tabletop, transient Ni-like ion x-ray lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4834-4837 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. R. Benware, C. D. Macchietto, C. H. Moreno, and J. J. Rocca, “Demonstration of a high average power tabletop soft x-ray laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5804-5807 (1998).
[CrossRef]

S. Sebban, R. Haroutunian, Ph. Balcou, G. Grillon, A. Rousse, S. Kazamias, T. Marin, J. P. Rousseau, L. Notebaert, M. Pittman, J. P. Chambaret, A. Antonetti, D. Hulin, D. Ros, A. Klisnick, A. Carillon, P. Jaeglé, G. Jamelot, and J. F. Wyart, “Saturated amplification of a collisionally pumped optical-field-ionization soft x-ray laser at 41.8nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3004-3007 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Keenan, J. Dunn, P. K. Patel, D. F. Price, R. F. Smith, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, “High-repetition-rate grazing-incidence pumped x-ray laser operating at 18.9nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 103901 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (1)

H. T. Kim, I. W. Choi, N. Hafz, J. H. Sung, T. J. Yu, K.-H. Hong, T. M. Jeong, J.-H. Kim, Y.-C. Noh, D.-K. Ko, J. Tümmler, P. V. Nickles, K. A. Janulewicz, and J. Lee, “Generation of Ni-like Ag x-ray laser and high-order harmonics forward harmonic seeded x-ray laser,” in X-ray Lasers 2006, Proceedings of the 10th International Conference, P.V.Nickles and K.A.Janulewicz, ed. (Springer, 2007), pp. 183-189.

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic for the experimental setup on the x-ray laser pumped by a single profiled pulse in the GRIP scheme.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Profiles of the pumping laser pulse and x-ray laser output. (a)–(d) Laser profile corresponding to the spectrum of (e)–(h) x-ray laser.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Measured profile of the pumping pulse using the third-order correlator.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Footprint and (b) near-field profile of the x-ray laser beam.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Modeled pumping pulse and (b) calculated spatial gain distributions at different time points for the case of the maximal x-ray laser output. Both short components have a pulse duration of 8 ps .

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Spatial distribution of the plasma temperature, plasma density, local gain coefficient, and the average ionization stage for (a) moment of the maximum local gain coefficient ( t = 4.015 ns ) and (b) moment of the maximum of the ray-traced gain ( t = 4.025 ns ) .

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Spatial distribution of the local gain coefficient at different time points for the pump pulse (a) containing the ASE background 1 order of magnitude stronger than the standard value and (b) including additional energy under the leading edge of the pump laser pulse.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Amplification of the harmonic seed signal in the active medium of a Ni-like Ag soft x-ray laser working at 13.9 nm . (a) Amplified signal. (b) and (c) Spectra of the harmonic seed and ASE of the active medium itself, respectively.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Lineouts of the amplified seed signal (solid curve) and the ASE signal of the active medium itself (dotted curve). The lineouts have been drawn along the direction perpendicular to the spectrometer dispersion. Thus, the narrowing observed at the solid curve represents reduced divergence of the seeded signal.

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