Abstract

We report on the generation of few-optical-cycle pulses broadly tunable in the visible and near infrared with passively stabilized carrier-envelope phase (CEP). The system starts with an infrared optical parametric amplifier in which both pump and seed are derived from an amplified, non-CEP-stabilized Ti:sapphire laser. The passively stabilized idler beam is then spectrally broadened through white-light generation and used to seed a broadband optical parametric amplifier (OPA). Several amplification schemes can be used, including blue-pumped noncollinear OPA and blue-pumped or red-pumped OPA working around degeneracy, allowing for the production of few-optical-cycle light pulses tunable from 500 to 1600 nm. The OPA preserves the CEP stability of the seed.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (1)

2007 (5)

2006 (6)

T. Fuji, N. Ishii, C. Y. Teisset, X. Gu, T. Metzger, A. Baltuska, N. Forget, D. Kaplan, A. Galvanauskas, and F. Krausz, “Parametric amplification of few-cycle carrier-envelope phase-stable pulses at 2.1μm,” Opt. Lett. 31, 1103-1105 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Manzoni, C. Vozzi, E. Benedetti, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, O. Svelto, S. De Silvestri, M. Nisoli, and G. Cerullo, “Generation of high-energy self-phase-stabilized pulses by difference-frequency generation followed by optical parametric amplification,” Opt. Lett. 31, 963-965 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Vozzi, G. Cirmi, C. Manzoni, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, O. Svelto, S. De Silvestri, M. Nisoli, and G. Cerullo, “High-energy, few-optical-cycle pulses at 1.5μm with passive carrier-envelope phase stabilization,” Opt. Express 14, 10109-10116 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Moon, C. Li, Z. Duan, J. Tackett, K. L. Corwin, B. R. Washburn, and Z. Chang, “Reduction of fast carrier-envelope phase jitter in femtosecond laser amplifiers,” Opt. Express 14, 9758-9763 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses,” Science 314, 443-446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Tzankov, J. Zheng, M. Mero, D. Polli, C. Manzoni, and G. Cerullo, “300μJ noncollinear optical parametric amplifier in the visible at 1kHz repetition rate,” Opt. Lett. 31, 3629-3631 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (4)

2004 (4)

2003 (3)

A. Baltuška, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light field,” Nature 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Baum, S. Lochbrunner, J. Piel, and E. Riedle, “Phase-coherent generation of tunable visible femtosecond pulses,” Opt. Lett. 28, 185-187 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Cerullo and S. De Silvestri, “Ultrafast optical parametric amplifiers,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 74, 1-18 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

A. Baltuška, T. Fuji, and T. Kobayashi, “Visible pulse compression to 4fs by optical parametric amplification and programmable dispersion control,” Opt. Lett. 27, 306-308 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Baltuška, T. Fuji, and T. Kobayashi, “Controlling the carrier-envelope phase of ultrashort light pulses with optical parametric amplifiers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 133901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001 (3)

2000 (3)

M. Bellini and T. W. Hänsch, “Phase-locked white-light continuum pulses: toward a universal optical frequency-comb synthesizer,” Opt. Lett. 25, 1049-1051 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. Apolonski, A. Poppe, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Controlling the phase evolution of few-cycle light pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 740-743 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1998 (2)

1997 (1)

1995 (2)

Adachi, S.

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 3rd. ed. (Academic, 2001).

Aguergaray, C.

Akhmanov, S. A.

S. A. Akhmanov, V. A. Vysloukh, and A. S. Chirkin, Optics of Femtosecond Laser Pulses (American Institute of Physics, 1992).

Altucci, C.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses,” Science 314, 443-446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Angelow, G.

Apolonski, A.

T. Fuji, J. Rauschenberger, A. Apolonski, V. S. Yakovlev, G. Tempea, T. Udem, C. Gohle, T. W. Hänsch, W. Lehnert, M. Scherer, and F. Krausz, “Monolithic carrier-envelope phase-stabilization scheme,” Opt. Lett. 30, 332-334 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Apolonski, A. Poppe, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Controlling the phase evolution of few-cycle light pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 740-743 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Arisholm, G.

Avaldi, L.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses,” Science 314, 443-446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Baltuska, A.

Baltuška, A.

A. Baltuška, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light field,” Nature 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Baltuška, T. Fuji, and T. Kobayashi, “Controlling the carrier-envelope phase of ultrashort light pulses with optical parametric amplifiers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 133901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Baltuška, T. Fuji, and T. Kobayashi, “Visible pulse compression to 4fs by optical parametric amplification and programmable dispersion control,” Opt. Lett. 27, 306-308 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Baum, P.

Bellini, M.

Benedetti, E.

Biegert, J.

Blaga, C. I.

Boiko, A.

Bonora, S.

Brida, D.

Buchvarov, I.

Calegari, F.

Cavallari, M.

Cerullo, G.

D. Brida, G. Cirmi, C. Manzoni, S. Bonora, P. Villoresi, S. De Silvestri, and G. Cerullo, “Sub-two-cycle light pulses at 1.6μm from an optical parametric amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 33, 741-743 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, E. Benedetti, S. Gasilov, G. Sansone, G. Cerullo, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, “Millijoule-level phase-stabilized few-optical-cycle infrared parametric source,” Opt. Lett. 32, 2957-2959 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Cirmi, D. Brida, C. Manzoni, M. Marangoni, S. De Silvestri, and G. Cerullo, “Few-optical-cycle pulses in the near-infrared from a noncollinear optical parametric amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 32, 2396-2398 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Manzoni, D. Polli, G. Cirmi, D. Brida, S. De Silvestri, and G. Cerullo, “Tunable few-optical-cycle visibile pulses with passive carrier-envelope phase stabilization from an optical parametric amplifier,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 171111 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. Tzankov, J. Zheng, M. Mero, D. Polli, C. Manzoni, and G. Cerullo, “300μJ noncollinear optical parametric amplifier in the visible at 1kHz repetition rate,” Opt. Lett. 31, 3629-3631 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Vozzi, G. Cirmi, C. Manzoni, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, O. Svelto, S. De Silvestri, M. Nisoli, and G. Cerullo, “High-energy, few-optical-cycle pulses at 1.5μm with passive carrier-envelope phase stabilization,” Opt. Express 14, 10109-10116 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Manzoni, C. Vozzi, E. Benedetti, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, O. Svelto, S. De Silvestri, M. Nisoli, and G. Cerullo, “Generation of high-energy self-phase-stabilized pulses by difference-frequency generation followed by optical parametric amplification,” Opt. Lett. 31, 963-965 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Manzoni, G. Cerullo, and S. De Silvestri, “Ultrabroadband self-phase-stabilized pulses by difference-frequency generation,” Opt. Lett. 29, 2668-2670 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Cerullo and S. De Silvestri, “Ultrafast optical parametric amplifiers,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 74, 1-18 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Zavelani-Rossi, G. Cerullo, S. De Silvestri, L. Gallmann, N. Matuschek, G. Steinmeyer, U. Keller, G. Angelow, V. Scheuer, and T. Tschudi, “Pulse compression over a 170-THz bandwidth in the visible by use of only chirped mirrors,” Opt. Lett. 26, 1155-1157 (2001).
[CrossRef]

G. Cerullo, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, and S. De Silvestri, “Sub-8-fs pulses from an ultrabroadband optical parametric amplifier in the visible,” Opt. Lett. 23, 1283-1285 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Chang, Z.

Chirkin, A. S.

S. A. Akhmanov, V. A. Vysloukh, and A. S. Chirkin, Optics of Femtosecond Laser Pulses (American Institute of Physics, 1992).

Chirla, R.

Cirmi, G.

Colosimo, P.

Cormier, E.

Corwin, K. L.

Cryan, J.

Cundiff, S. T.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

De Silvestri, S.

D. Brida, G. Cirmi, C. Manzoni, S. Bonora, P. Villoresi, S. De Silvestri, and G. Cerullo, “Sub-two-cycle light pulses at 1.6μm from an optical parametric amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 33, 741-743 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, E. Benedetti, S. Gasilov, G. Sansone, G. Cerullo, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, “Millijoule-level phase-stabilized few-optical-cycle infrared parametric source,” Opt. Lett. 32, 2957-2959 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Cirmi, D. Brida, C. Manzoni, M. Marangoni, S. De Silvestri, and G. Cerullo, “Few-optical-cycle pulses in the near-infrared from a noncollinear optical parametric amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 32, 2396-2398 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Manzoni, D. Polli, G. Cirmi, D. Brida, S. De Silvestri, and G. Cerullo, “Tunable few-optical-cycle visibile pulses with passive carrier-envelope phase stabilization from an optical parametric amplifier,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 171111 (2007).
[CrossRef]

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses,” Science 314, 443-446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Vozzi, G. Cirmi, C. Manzoni, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, O. Svelto, S. De Silvestri, M. Nisoli, and G. Cerullo, “High-energy, few-optical-cycle pulses at 1.5μm with passive carrier-envelope phase stabilization,” Opt. Express 14, 10109-10116 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Manzoni, C. Vozzi, E. Benedetti, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, O. Svelto, S. De Silvestri, M. Nisoli, and G. Cerullo, “Generation of high-energy self-phase-stabilized pulses by difference-frequency generation followed by optical parametric amplification,” Opt. Lett. 31, 963-965 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Manzoni, G. Cerullo, and S. De Silvestri, “Ultrabroadband self-phase-stabilized pulses by difference-frequency generation,” Opt. Lett. 29, 2668-2670 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Cerullo and S. De Silvestri, “Ultrafast optical parametric amplifiers,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 74, 1-18 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Zavelani-Rossi, G. Cerullo, S. De Silvestri, L. Gallmann, N. Matuschek, G. Steinmeyer, U. Keller, G. Angelow, V. Scheuer, and T. Tschudi, “Pulse compression over a 170-THz bandwidth in the visible by use of only chirped mirrors,” Opt. Lett. 26, 1155-1157 (2001).
[CrossRef]

G. Cerullo, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, and S. De Silvestri, “Sub-8-fs pulses from an ultrabroadband optical parametric amplifier in the visible,” Opt. Lett. 23, 1283-1285 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, R. Szipöcs, K. Ferencz, C. Spielmann, S. Sartania, and F. Krausz, “Compression of high-energy laser pulses below 5fs,” Opt. Lett. 22, 522-524 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Descamps, D.

Diddams, S. A.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dienes, A.

DiMauro, L. F.

Doumy, G.

Driscoll, T. J.

Duan, Z.

Eikema, K.

Ell, R.

Fang, X.

Ferencz, K.

Flammini, R.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses,” Science 314, 443-446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Forget, N.

Fuji, T.

Fujihira, Y.

Fujimoto, J. G.

Gale, G. M.

Gallmann, L.

Galvanauskas, A.

Gasilov, S.

Gaydardzhiev, A.

Gohle, C.

T. Fuji, J. Rauschenberger, A. Apolonski, V. S. Yakovlev, G. Tempea, T. Udem, C. Gohle, T. W. Hänsch, W. Lehnert, M. Scherer, and F. Krausz, “Monolithic carrier-envelope phase-stabilization scheme,” Opt. Lett. 30, 332-334 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Baltuška, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light field,” Nature 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Goulielmakis, E.

A. Baltuška, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light field,” Nature 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gu, X.

Hache, F.

Hall, J. L.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hänsch, T. W.

T. Fuji, J. Rauschenberger, A. Apolonski, V. S. Yakovlev, G. Tempea, T. Udem, C. Gohle, T. W. Hänsch, W. Lehnert, M. Scherer, and F. Krausz, “Monolithic carrier-envelope phase-stabilization scheme,” Opt. Lett. 30, 332-334 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Baltuška, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light field,” Nature 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Apolonski, A. Poppe, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Controlling the phase evolution of few-cycle light pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 740-743 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Bellini and T. W. Hänsch, “Phase-locked white-light continuum pulses: toward a universal optical frequency-comb synthesizer,” Opt. Lett. 25, 1049-1051 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hauri, C. P.

Hentschel, M.

A. Baltuška, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light field,” Nature 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hogervorst, W.

Holzwarth, R.

A. Baltuška, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light field,” Nature 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Apolonski, A. Poppe, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Controlling the phase evolution of few-cycle light pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 740-743 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Homma, T.

Ippen, E. P.

Ishii, N.

Jones, D. J.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kakehata, M.

Kaplan, D.

Kärtner, F. X.

Keller, U.

Knoesen, A.

Kobayashi, T.

Kobayashi, Y.

Krausz, F.

Kumbhakar, P.

Lederer, M. J.

Lehnert, W.

Li, C.

Limpert, J.

Lochbrunner, S.

Lopez-Martens, R. B.

Luther-Davies, B.

Manek-Hönninger, I.

Manzoni, C.

D. Brida, G. Cirmi, C. Manzoni, S. Bonora, P. Villoresi, S. De Silvestri, and G. Cerullo, “Sub-two-cycle light pulses at 1.6μm from an optical parametric amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 33, 741-743 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Cirmi, D. Brida, C. Manzoni, M. Marangoni, S. De Silvestri, and G. Cerullo, “Few-optical-cycle pulses in the near-infrared from a noncollinear optical parametric amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 32, 2396-2398 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Manzoni, D. Polli, G. Cirmi, D. Brida, S. De Silvestri, and G. Cerullo, “Tunable few-optical-cycle visibile pulses with passive carrier-envelope phase stabilization from an optical parametric amplifier,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 171111 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. Tzankov, J. Zheng, M. Mero, D. Polli, C. Manzoni, and G. Cerullo, “300μJ noncollinear optical parametric amplifier in the visible at 1kHz repetition rate,” Opt. Lett. 31, 3629-3631 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Manzoni, C. Vozzi, E. Benedetti, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, O. Svelto, S. De Silvestri, M. Nisoli, and G. Cerullo, “Generation of high-energy self-phase-stabilized pulses by difference-frequency generation followed by optical parametric amplification,” Opt. Lett. 31, 963-965 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Vozzi, G. Cirmi, C. Manzoni, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, O. Svelto, S. De Silvestri, M. Nisoli, and G. Cerullo, “High-energy, few-optical-cycle pulses at 1.5μm with passive carrier-envelope phase stabilization,” Opt. Express 14, 10109-10116 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Manzoni, G. Cerullo, and S. De Silvestri, “Ultrabroadband self-phase-stabilized pulses by difference-frequency generation,” Opt. Lett. 29, 2668-2670 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Marangoni, M.

March, A. M.

Matuschek, N.

Mero, M.

Metzger, T.

Montant, S.

Moon, E.

Morgner, U.

Nikolov, I.

Nisoli, M.

C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, E. Benedetti, S. Gasilov, G. Sansone, G. Cerullo, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, “Millijoule-level phase-stabilized few-optical-cycle infrared parametric source,” Opt. Lett. 32, 2957-2959 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Manzoni, C. Vozzi, E. Benedetti, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, O. Svelto, S. De Silvestri, M. Nisoli, and G. Cerullo, “Generation of high-energy self-phase-stabilized pulses by difference-frequency generation followed by optical parametric amplification,” Opt. Lett. 31, 963-965 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Vozzi, G. Cirmi, C. Manzoni, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, O. Svelto, S. De Silvestri, M. Nisoli, and G. Cerullo, “High-energy, few-optical-cycle pulses at 1.5μm with passive carrier-envelope phase stabilization,” Opt. Express 14, 10109-10116 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses,” Science 314, 443-446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Cerullo, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, and S. De Silvestri, “Sub-8-fs pulses from an ultrabroadband optical parametric amplifier in the visible,” Opt. Lett. 23, 1283-1285 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, R. Szipöcs, K. Ferencz, C. Spielmann, S. Sartania, and F. Krausz, “Compression of high-energy laser pulses below 5fs,” Opt. Lett. 22, 522-524 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Noack, F.

Petit, S.

Petrov, V.

Piel, J.

Poletto, L.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses,” Science 314, 443-446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Polli, D.

C. Manzoni, D. Polli, G. Cirmi, D. Brida, S. De Silvestri, and G. Cerullo, “Tunable few-optical-cycle visibile pulses with passive carrier-envelope phase stabilization from an optical parametric amplifier,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 171111 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. Tzankov, J. Zheng, M. Mero, D. Polli, C. Manzoni, and G. Cerullo, “300μJ noncollinear optical parametric amplifier in the visible at 1kHz repetition rate,” Opt. Lett. 31, 3629-3631 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Poppe, A.

A. Apolonski, A. Poppe, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Controlling the phase evolution of few-cycle light pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 740-743 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Power, E. P.

Ranka, J. K.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rauschenberger, J.

Riedle, E.

Roedig, C.

Sakane, I.

Salin, F.

Sansone, G.

Sartania, S.

Scherer, M.

Scheuer, V.

Schlup, P.

Schultz, K. D.

Scrinzi, A.

A. Baltuška, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light field,” Nature 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shirakawa, A.

Sidick, E.

Sistrunk, E.

Spielmann, C.

A. Apolonski, A. Poppe, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Controlling the phase evolution of few-cycle light pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 740-743 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, R. Szipöcs, K. Ferencz, C. Spielmann, S. Sartania, and F. Krausz, “Compression of high-energy laser pulses below 5fs,” Opt. Lett. 22, 522-524 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stagira, S.

Steinmeyer, G.

Stentz, A.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Svelto, O.

Szipöcs, R.

Tackett, J.

Takada, H.

Takahashi, H.

Tate, J.

Teisset, C. Y.

Tempea, G.

T. Fuji, J. Rauschenberger, A. Apolonski, V. S. Yakovlev, G. Tempea, T. Udem, C. Gohle, T. W. Hänsch, W. Lehnert, M. Scherer, and F. Krausz, “Monolithic carrier-envelope phase-stabilization scheme,” Opt. Lett. 30, 332-334 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Apolonski, A. Poppe, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Controlling the phase evolution of few-cycle light pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 740-743 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Torizuka, K.

Tschudi, T.

Tzankov, P.

Udem, T.

T. Fuji, J. Rauschenberger, A. Apolonski, V. S. Yakovlev, G. Tempea, T. Udem, C. Gohle, T. W. Hänsch, W. Lehnert, M. Scherer, and F. Krausz, “Monolithic carrier-envelope phase-stabilization scheme,” Opt. Lett. 30, 332-334 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Baltuška, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light field,” Nature 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Apolonski, A. Poppe, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Controlling the phase evolution of few-cycle light pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 740-743 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Uiberacker, M.

A. Baltuška, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light field,” Nature 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Velotta, R.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses,” Science 314, 443-446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Villoresi, P.

D. Brida, G. Cirmi, C. Manzoni, S. Bonora, P. Villoresi, S. De Silvestri, and G. Cerullo, “Sub-two-cycle light pulses at 1.6μm from an optical parametric amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 33, 741-743 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses,” Science 314, 443-446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vozzi, C.

Vysloukh, V. A.

S. A. Akhmanov, V. A. Vysloukh, and A. S. Chirkin, Optics of Femtosecond Laser Pulses (American Institute of Physics, 1992).

Washburn, B. R.

Wheeler, J.

Windeler, R. S.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Witte, S.

Yakovlev, V. S.

T. Fuji, J. Rauschenberger, A. Apolonski, V. S. Yakovlev, G. Tempea, T. Udem, C. Gohle, T. W. Hänsch, W. Lehnert, M. Scherer, and F. Krausz, “Monolithic carrier-envelope phase-stabilization scheme,” Opt. Lett. 30, 332-334 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Baltuška, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light field,” Nature 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zavelani-Rossi, M.

Zheng, J.

Zinkstok, R.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

C. Manzoni, D. Polli, G. Cirmi, D. Brida, S. De Silvestri, and G. Cerullo, “Tunable few-optical-cycle visibile pulses with passive carrier-envelope phase stabilization from an optical parametric amplifier,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 171111 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Nature (1)

A. Baltuška, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light field,” Nature 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (24)

M. Kakehata, H. Takada, Y. Kobayashi, K. Torizuka, Y. Fujihira, T. Homma, and H. Takahashi, “Single-shot measurement of carrier-envelope phase changes by spectral interferometry,” Opt. Lett. 26, 1436-1438 (2001).
[CrossRef]

I. Nikolov, A. Gaydardzhiev, I. Buchvarov, P. Tzankov, F. Noack, and V. Petrov, “Ultrabroadband continuum amplification in the near infrared using BiB3O6 nonlinear crystals pumped at 800nm,” Opt. Lett. 32, 3342-3344 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. M. Gale, M. Cavallari, T. J. Driscoll, and F. Hache, “Sub-20-fs tunable pulses in the visible from an 82-MHz optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 20, 1562-1564 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Shirakawa, I. Sakane, and T. Kobayashi, “Pulse-front-matched optical parametric amplification for sub-10-fs pulse generation tunable in the visible and near infrared,” Opt. Lett. 23, 1292-1294 (1998).
[CrossRef]

G. Cerullo, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, and S. De Silvestri, “Sub-8-fs pulses from an ultrabroadband optical parametric amplifier in the visible,” Opt. Lett. 23, 1283-1285 (1998).
[CrossRef]

G. Cirmi, D. Brida, C. Manzoni, M. Marangoni, S. De Silvestri, and G. Cerullo, “Few-optical-cycle pulses in the near-infrared from a noncollinear optical parametric amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 32, 2396-2398 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Brida, G. Cirmi, C. Manzoni, S. Bonora, P. Villoresi, S. De Silvestri, and G. Cerullo, “Sub-two-cycle light pulses at 1.6μm from an optical parametric amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 33, 741-743 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Zavelani-Rossi, G. Cerullo, S. De Silvestri, L. Gallmann, N. Matuschek, G. Steinmeyer, U. Keller, G. Angelow, V. Scheuer, and T. Tschudi, “Pulse compression over a 170-THz bandwidth in the visible by use of only chirped mirrors,” Opt. Lett. 26, 1155-1157 (2001).
[CrossRef]

P. Tzankov, J. Zheng, M. Mero, D. Polli, C. Manzoni, and G. Cerullo, “300μJ noncollinear optical parametric amplifier in the visible at 1kHz repetition rate,” Opt. Lett. 31, 3629-3631 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, E. Benedetti, S. Gasilov, G. Sansone, G. Cerullo, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, “Millijoule-level phase-stabilized few-optical-cycle infrared parametric source,” Opt. Lett. 32, 2957-2959 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Bellini and T. W. Hänsch, “Phase-locked white-light continuum pulses: toward a universal optical frequency-comb synthesizer,” Opt. Lett. 25, 1049-1051 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. Baum, S. Lochbrunner, J. Piel, and E. Riedle, “Phase-coherent generation of tunable visible femtosecond pulses,” Opt. Lett. 28, 185-187 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Manzoni, G. Cerullo, and S. De Silvestri, “Ultrabroadband self-phase-stabilized pulses by difference-frequency generation,” Opt. Lett. 29, 2668-2670 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Fang and T. Kobayashi, “Self-stabilization of the carrier-envelope phase of an optical parametric amplifier verified with a photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Lett. 29, 1282-1284 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Adachi, P. Kumbhakar, and T. Kobayashi, “Quasi-monocyclic near-infrared pulses with a stabilized carrier-envelope phase characterized by noncollinear cross-correlation frequency-resolved optical gating,” Opt. Lett. 29, 1150-1152 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. P. Hauri, R. B. Lopez-Martens, C. I. Blaga, K. D. Schultz, J. Cryan, R. Chirla, P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, A. M. March, C. Roedig, E. Sistrunk, J. Tate, J. Wheeler, L. F. DiMauro, and E. P. Power, “Intense self-compressed, self-phase-stabilized few-cycle pulses at 2μm from an optical filament,” Opt. Lett. 32, 868-870 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Fuji, J. Rauschenberger, A. Apolonski, V. S. Yakovlev, G. Tempea, T. Udem, C. Gohle, T. W. Hänsch, W. Lehnert, M. Scherer, and F. Krausz, “Monolithic carrier-envelope phase-stabilization scheme,” Opt. Lett. 30, 332-334 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Fuji, N. Ishii, C. Y. Teisset, X. Gu, T. Metzger, A. Baltuska, N. Forget, D. Kaplan, A. Galvanauskas, and F. Krausz, “Parametric amplification of few-cycle carrier-envelope phase-stable pulses at 2.1μm,” Opt. Lett. 31, 1103-1105 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Manzoni, C. Vozzi, E. Benedetti, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, O. Svelto, S. De Silvestri, M. Nisoli, and G. Cerullo, “Generation of high-energy self-phase-stabilized pulses by difference-frequency generation followed by optical parametric amplification,” Opt. Lett. 31, 963-965 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Ell, U. Morgner, F. X. Kärtner, J. G. Fujimoto, E. P. Ippen, V. Scheuer, G. Angelow, T. Tschudi, M. J. Lederer, A. Boiko, and B. Luther-Davies, “Generation of 5-fs pulses and octave-spanning spectra directly from a Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Lett. 26, 373-375 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, R. Szipöcs, K. Ferencz, C. Spielmann, S. Sartania, and F. Krausz, “Compression of high-energy laser pulses below 5fs,” Opt. Lett. 22, 522-524 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Baltuška, T. Fuji, and T. Kobayashi, “Visible pulse compression to 4fs by optical parametric amplification and programmable dispersion control,” Opt. Lett. 27, 306-308 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C. P. Hauri, P. Schlup, G. Arisholm, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, “Phase-preserving chirped-pulse optical parametric amplification to 17.3fs directly from a Ti:sapphire oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 29, 1369-1371 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Zinkstok, S. Witte, W. Hogervorst, and K. Eikema, “High-power parametric amplification of 11.8-fs laser pulses with carrier-envelope phase control,” Opt. Lett. 30, 78-80 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

A. Apolonski, A. Poppe, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Controlling the phase evolution of few-cycle light pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 740-743 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Adachi and T. Kobayashi, “Carrier-envelope phase-controlled quantum interference in optical poling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153903 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Baltuška, T. Fuji, and T. Kobayashi, “Controlling the carrier-envelope phase of ultrashort light pulses with optical parametric amplifiers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 133901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

G. Cerullo and S. De Silvestri, “Ultrafast optical parametric amplifiers,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 74, 1-18 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Science (2)

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses,” Science 314, 443-446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (2)

S. A. Akhmanov, V. A. Vysloukh, and A. S. Chirkin, Optics of Femtosecond Laser Pulses (American Institute of Physics, 1992).

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 3rd. ed. (Academic, 2001).

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Figures (11)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Setup of a two-stage OPA for the production of ultrabroadband phase-stable pulses (BS, beam splitter; WLG, white-light generation stage; SHG, second-harmonic generation).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Setup for the first-stage collinear OPA producing a phase-stable idler (VA, variable attenuator; LPF, long-pass filter) and the f- 2 f interferometer (FS, fused-silica plate; pol, polarizer; OMA, optical multichannel analyzer).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Solid curves: measured idler spectra from the first OPA stage, obtained by tuning the phase-matching angle. Dashed curves: simulated spectra according to the model presented in the text.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Series of f- 2 f interferograms of the idler of the first OPA stage acquired for 15 s (central panel); f- 2 f interferogram integrated over 3 laser shots (left panel); CEP jitter extracted from the measurement (upper panel).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Calculated CEP of the idler generated for various pump/signal absolute phases.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Dependence of idler CEP on the pump energy. (a) Phase drift added by the envelope field due to the nonlinear interaction with the pump; (b) time delay at which the idler peak exits the crystal, in a frame of reference moving with the pump; (c) total idler CEP resulting from the previous effects.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Effect of parametric amplification on a pulse CEP. Inset: influence of pump energy fluctuations on the amplified signal absolute phase.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Series of white-light spectra generated from the first-stage idler in different materials.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

(a) Setup of the second-stage broadband OPA producing broadband phase-stable signal pulses (VA, variable attenuator; SHG, second-harmonic generation); (b) scheme of the modified f-to- 2 f interferometer.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Series of signal spectra obtained with the different configurations described in the text (red dashed–dotted curve, FF-pumped OPA around 1600 nm ; black solid curve, SH-pumped OPA around 800 nm ; green dashed curve, SH-pumped visible NOPA).

Fig. 11
Fig. 11

Series of f- 2 f interferograms of the second-stage visible NOPA acquired for 30 s (central panel); f- 2 f spectrum showing a very high contrast (left panel); carrier envelope phase jitter (upper panel).

Equations (13)

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E ( t ) = A ( t ) cos ( ω c t + ϕ ) ,
E i ( z , t ) = 1 2 { A i ( z , t ) exp [ j ( ω i t k i z ) ] + c.c. } = R { A i ( z , t ) exp [ j ( ω i t k i z ) ] } ,
2 E z 2 μ 0 2 D L t 2 = μ 0 2 P N L t 2 ,
2 E ̃ z 2 + Ω 2 n ( Ω ) 2 c 0 2 E ̃ = μ 0 Ω 2 P ̃ N L ,
2 A ̃ 1 z 2 j 2 k 1 A ̃ 1 z + b 1 2 A ̃ 1 = c 1 e j Δ k z ,
2 A ̃ 2 z 2 j 2 k 2 A ̃ 2 z + b 2 2 A ̃ 2 = c 2 e j Δ k z ,
2 A ̃ 3 z 2 j 2 k 3 A ̃ 3 z + b 3 2 A ̃ 3 = c 3 e + j Δ k z .
b i 2 = k i 2 + k ̃ i 2 , with k ̃ i = ( ω + ω i ) n i ( ω + ω i ) c 0 ,
c 1 = ( ω + ω 1 c 0 ) 2 2 d eff F { A 3 A 2 * } , c 2 = ( ω + ω 2 c 0 ) 2 2 d eff F { A 3 A 1 * } , c 3 = ( ω + ω 3 c 0 ) 2 2 d eff F { A 1 A 2 } .
A ̃ 1 ( z + Δ z , ω ) [ A ̃ 1 ( z , ω ) + c 1 γ 1 ] exp [ j ( k 1 k ̃ 1 ) Δ z ] c 1 γ 1 exp [ j Δ k Δ z ] ,
A ̃ 2 ( z + Δ z , ω ) [ A ̃ 2 ( z , ω ) + c 2 γ 2 ] exp [ j ( k 2 k ̃ 2 ) Δ z ] c 2 γ 2 exp [ j Δ k Δ z ] ,
A ̃ 3 ( z + Δ z , ω ) [ A ̃ 3 ( z , ω ) + c 3 γ 3 ] exp [ j ( k 3 k ̃ 3 ) Δ z ] c 3 γ 3 exp [ + j Δ k Δ z ] ,
ϕ 2 = ϕ C + ϕ E = ( ω 2 τ k 2 L ) + A 2 ( L , τ ) ,

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