Abstract

We realized stable synchronization between a femtosecond Ti:sapphire laser and a picosecond Nd:YVO4 laser by using a precise phase-locked loop technology; ultrashort laser pulses at a wavelength around 460nm were generated by frequency mixing both laser branches. This work demonstrated a feasible way to extend the available ultrashort laser wavelength through nonlinear frequency mixing technology.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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  1. G. Cerullo and S. De Silvestri, “Ultrafast optical parametric amplifiers,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 74, 1-18 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  2. H. H. Zenzie and P. F. Moulton, “Tunable optical parametric oscillators pumped by Ti:sapphire lasers,” Opt. Lett. 19, 963-965 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. J. Jiang and T. Hasama, “Harmonic repetition-rate femtosecond optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 74, 313-317 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  4. H. Zheng, J. Wu, H. Xu, K. Wu, and E. Wu, “Generation of accurately synchronized pump source for optical parametric chirped pulse amplification,” Appl. Phys. B 79, 837-839 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  5. V. Krylov, A. Rebane, A. G. Kalintsev, H. Schwoerer, and U. P. Wild, “Second-harmonic generation of amplified femtosecond Ti:sapphire laser pulses,” Opt. Lett. 20, 198-200 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. R. A. Kaindl, M. Wurm, K. Reimann, P. Hamm, A. M. Weiner, and M. Woerner, “Generation, shaping, and characterization of intense femtosecond pulses tunable from 3to20 μm,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 2086-2094 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  7. V. Petrov, F. Rotermund, F. Noack, J. Ringling, O. Kittelmann, and R. Komatsu, “Frequency conversion of Ti:sapphire-based femtosecond laser system to the 200-nm spectral region using nonlinear optical crystals,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 1532-1542 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  8. J. Tian, Z. Wei, P. Wang, H. Han, J. Zhang, L. Zhao, Z. Wang, and J. Zhang, “Independently tunable 1.3 W femtosecond Ti:sapphire lasers passively synchronized with attosecond timing jitter and ultrahigh robustness,” Opt. Lett. 30, 2161-2163 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. Z. Wei, Y. Kaboyashi, and K. Torizuka, “Passive synchronization between femtosecond Ti:sapphire and Cr:forsterite lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 74, S171-S176 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  10. Z. Wei, Y. Kobayashi, Z. Zhang, and K. Torizuka, “Generation of two-color femtosecond pulses by self-synchronizing Ti:sapphire and Cr:forsterite lasers,” Opt. Lett. 26, 1806-1808 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  11. A. Leitenstorfer, C. Furst, and A. Laubereau, “Widely tunable two-color mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser with pulse jitter of less than 2 fs,” Opt. Lett. 20, 916-918 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. M. R. X. de Barros and P. C. Becker, “Two-color synchronously mode-locked femtosecond Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Lett. 18, 631-633 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. S. A. Crooker, F. D. Betz, J. Levy, and D. D. Awschalom, “Femtosecond synchronization of two passively mode-locked Ti:sapphire lasers,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 67, 2068-2071 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  14. D. E. Spence, J. M. Dudley, K. Lamb, W. E. Sleat, and W. Sibbett, “Nearly quantum-limited timing jitter in a self-mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Lett. 19, 481-483 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. R. K. Shelton, S. M. Foreman, L. S. Ma, J. L. Hall, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, M. Notcutt, and J. Ye, “Subfemtosecond timing jitter between two independent, actively synchronized, mode-locked lasers,” Opt. Lett. 27, 312-314 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  16. D. E. Spence, P. N. Kean, and W. Sibbett, “60-fsec pulse generation from a self-mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Lett. 16, 42-44 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. L. S. Ma, R. K. Shelton, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, and J. Ye, “Sub-10-femtosecond active synchronization of two passively mode-locked Ti:sapphire oscillators,” Phys. Rev. A 64, 021802 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  18. C. Iaconis and I. A. Walmsley, “Spectral phase interferometry for direct electric-field reconstruction of ultrashort optical pulses,” Opt. Lett. 23, 792-794 (1998).
    [CrossRef]

2005 (1)

2004 (1)

H. Zheng, J. Wu, H. Xu, K. Wu, and E. Wu, “Generation of accurately synchronized pump source for optical parametric chirped pulse amplification,” Appl. Phys. B 79, 837-839 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

G. Cerullo and S. De Silvestri, “Ultrafast optical parametric amplifiers,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 74, 1-18 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (3)

Z. Wei, Y. Kaboyashi, and K. Torizuka, “Passive synchronization between femtosecond Ti:sapphire and Cr:forsterite lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 74, S171-S176 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Jiang and T. Hasama, “Harmonic repetition-rate femtosecond optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 74, 313-317 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. K. Shelton, S. M. Foreman, L. S. Ma, J. L. Hall, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, M. Notcutt, and J. Ye, “Subfemtosecond timing jitter between two independent, actively synchronized, mode-locked lasers,” Opt. Lett. 27, 312-314 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (2)

Z. Wei, Y. Kobayashi, Z. Zhang, and K. Torizuka, “Generation of two-color femtosecond pulses by self-synchronizing Ti:sapphire and Cr:forsterite lasers,” Opt. Lett. 26, 1806-1808 (2001).
[CrossRef]

L. S. Ma, R. K. Shelton, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, and J. Ye, “Sub-10-femtosecond active synchronization of two passively mode-locked Ti:sapphire oscillators,” Phys. Rev. A 64, 021802 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

1999 (1)

V. Petrov, F. Rotermund, F. Noack, J. Ringling, O. Kittelmann, and R. Komatsu, “Frequency conversion of Ti:sapphire-based femtosecond laser system to the 200-nm spectral region using nonlinear optical crystals,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 1532-1542 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

1996 (1)

S. A. Crooker, F. D. Betz, J. Levy, and D. D. Awschalom, “Femtosecond synchronization of two passively mode-locked Ti:sapphire lasers,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 67, 2068-2071 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (2)

1994 (2)

1993 (1)

1991 (1)

Awschalom, D. D.

S. A. Crooker, F. D. Betz, J. Levy, and D. D. Awschalom, “Femtosecond synchronization of two passively mode-locked Ti:sapphire lasers,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 67, 2068-2071 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Becker, P. C.

Betz, F. D.

S. A. Crooker, F. D. Betz, J. Levy, and D. D. Awschalom, “Femtosecond synchronization of two passively mode-locked Ti:sapphire lasers,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 67, 2068-2071 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Cerullo, G.

G. Cerullo and S. De Silvestri, “Ultrafast optical parametric amplifiers,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 74, 1-18 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Crooker, S. A.

S. A. Crooker, F. D. Betz, J. Levy, and D. D. Awschalom, “Femtosecond synchronization of two passively mode-locked Ti:sapphire lasers,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 67, 2068-2071 (1996).
[CrossRef]

de Barros, M. R. X.

De Silvestri, S.

G. Cerullo and S. De Silvestri, “Ultrafast optical parametric amplifiers,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 74, 1-18 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Dudley, J. M.

Foreman, S. M.

Furst, C.

Hall, J. L.

Hamm, P.

Han, H.

Hasama, T.

J. Jiang and T. Hasama, “Harmonic repetition-rate femtosecond optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 74, 313-317 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Iaconis, C.

Jiang, J.

J. Jiang and T. Hasama, “Harmonic repetition-rate femtosecond optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 74, 313-317 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kaboyashi, Y.

Z. Wei, Y. Kaboyashi, and K. Torizuka, “Passive synchronization between femtosecond Ti:sapphire and Cr:forsterite lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 74, S171-S176 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kaindl, R. A.

Kalintsev, A. G.

Kapteyn, H. C.

R. K. Shelton, S. M. Foreman, L. S. Ma, J. L. Hall, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, M. Notcutt, and J. Ye, “Subfemtosecond timing jitter between two independent, actively synchronized, mode-locked lasers,” Opt. Lett. 27, 312-314 (2002).
[CrossRef]

L. S. Ma, R. K. Shelton, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, and J. Ye, “Sub-10-femtosecond active synchronization of two passively mode-locked Ti:sapphire oscillators,” Phys. Rev. A 64, 021802 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kean, P. N.

Kittelmann, O.

V. Petrov, F. Rotermund, F. Noack, J. Ringling, O. Kittelmann, and R. Komatsu, “Frequency conversion of Ti:sapphire-based femtosecond laser system to the 200-nm spectral region using nonlinear optical crystals,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 1532-1542 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kobayashi, Y.

Komatsu, R.

V. Petrov, F. Rotermund, F. Noack, J. Ringling, O. Kittelmann, and R. Komatsu, “Frequency conversion of Ti:sapphire-based femtosecond laser system to the 200-nm spectral region using nonlinear optical crystals,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 1532-1542 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Krylov, V.

Lamb, K.

Laubereau, A.

Leitenstorfer, A.

Levy, J.

S. A. Crooker, F. D. Betz, J. Levy, and D. D. Awschalom, “Femtosecond synchronization of two passively mode-locked Ti:sapphire lasers,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 67, 2068-2071 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Ma, L. S.

R. K. Shelton, S. M. Foreman, L. S. Ma, J. L. Hall, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, M. Notcutt, and J. Ye, “Subfemtosecond timing jitter between two independent, actively synchronized, mode-locked lasers,” Opt. Lett. 27, 312-314 (2002).
[CrossRef]

L. S. Ma, R. K. Shelton, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, and J. Ye, “Sub-10-femtosecond active synchronization of two passively mode-locked Ti:sapphire oscillators,” Phys. Rev. A 64, 021802 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Moulton, P. F.

Murnane, M. M.

R. K. Shelton, S. M. Foreman, L. S. Ma, J. L. Hall, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, M. Notcutt, and J. Ye, “Subfemtosecond timing jitter between two independent, actively synchronized, mode-locked lasers,” Opt. Lett. 27, 312-314 (2002).
[CrossRef]

L. S. Ma, R. K. Shelton, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, and J. Ye, “Sub-10-femtosecond active synchronization of two passively mode-locked Ti:sapphire oscillators,” Phys. Rev. A 64, 021802 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Noack, F.

V. Petrov, F. Rotermund, F. Noack, J. Ringling, O. Kittelmann, and R. Komatsu, “Frequency conversion of Ti:sapphire-based femtosecond laser system to the 200-nm spectral region using nonlinear optical crystals,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 1532-1542 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Notcutt, M.

Petrov, V.

V. Petrov, F. Rotermund, F. Noack, J. Ringling, O. Kittelmann, and R. Komatsu, “Frequency conversion of Ti:sapphire-based femtosecond laser system to the 200-nm spectral region using nonlinear optical crystals,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 1532-1542 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Rebane, A.

Reimann, K.

Ringling, J.

V. Petrov, F. Rotermund, F. Noack, J. Ringling, O. Kittelmann, and R. Komatsu, “Frequency conversion of Ti:sapphire-based femtosecond laser system to the 200-nm spectral region using nonlinear optical crystals,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 1532-1542 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Rotermund, F.

V. Petrov, F. Rotermund, F. Noack, J. Ringling, O. Kittelmann, and R. Komatsu, “Frequency conversion of Ti:sapphire-based femtosecond laser system to the 200-nm spectral region using nonlinear optical crystals,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 1532-1542 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Schwoerer, H.

Shelton, R. K.

R. K. Shelton, S. M. Foreman, L. S. Ma, J. L. Hall, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, M. Notcutt, and J. Ye, “Subfemtosecond timing jitter between two independent, actively synchronized, mode-locked lasers,” Opt. Lett. 27, 312-314 (2002).
[CrossRef]

L. S. Ma, R. K. Shelton, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, and J. Ye, “Sub-10-femtosecond active synchronization of two passively mode-locked Ti:sapphire oscillators,” Phys. Rev. A 64, 021802 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Sibbett, W.

Sleat, W. E.

Spence, D. E.

Tian, J.

Torizuka, K.

Z. Wei, Y. Kaboyashi, and K. Torizuka, “Passive synchronization between femtosecond Ti:sapphire and Cr:forsterite lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 74, S171-S176 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Z. Wei, Y. Kobayashi, Z. Zhang, and K. Torizuka, “Generation of two-color femtosecond pulses by self-synchronizing Ti:sapphire and Cr:forsterite lasers,” Opt. Lett. 26, 1806-1808 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Walmsley, I. A.

Wang, P.

Wang, Z.

Wei, Z.

Weiner, A. M.

Wild, U. P.

Woerner, M.

Wu, E.

H. Zheng, J. Wu, H. Xu, K. Wu, and E. Wu, “Generation of accurately synchronized pump source for optical parametric chirped pulse amplification,” Appl. Phys. B 79, 837-839 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wu, J.

H. Zheng, J. Wu, H. Xu, K. Wu, and E. Wu, “Generation of accurately synchronized pump source for optical parametric chirped pulse amplification,” Appl. Phys. B 79, 837-839 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wu, K.

H. Zheng, J. Wu, H. Xu, K. Wu, and E. Wu, “Generation of accurately synchronized pump source for optical parametric chirped pulse amplification,” Appl. Phys. B 79, 837-839 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wurm, M.

Xu, H.

H. Zheng, J. Wu, H. Xu, K. Wu, and E. Wu, “Generation of accurately synchronized pump source for optical parametric chirped pulse amplification,” Appl. Phys. B 79, 837-839 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ye, J.

R. K. Shelton, S. M. Foreman, L. S. Ma, J. L. Hall, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, M. Notcutt, and J. Ye, “Subfemtosecond timing jitter between two independent, actively synchronized, mode-locked lasers,” Opt. Lett. 27, 312-314 (2002).
[CrossRef]

L. S. Ma, R. K. Shelton, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, and J. Ye, “Sub-10-femtosecond active synchronization of two passively mode-locked Ti:sapphire oscillators,” Phys. Rev. A 64, 021802 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Zenzie, H. H.

Zhang, J.

Zhang, Z.

Zhao, L.

Zheng, H.

H. Zheng, J. Wu, H. Xu, K. Wu, and E. Wu, “Generation of accurately synchronized pump source for optical parametric chirped pulse amplification,” Appl. Phys. B 79, 837-839 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (3)

J. Jiang and T. Hasama, “Harmonic repetition-rate femtosecond optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 74, 313-317 (2002).
[CrossRef]

H. Zheng, J. Wu, H. Xu, K. Wu, and E. Wu, “Generation of accurately synchronized pump source for optical parametric chirped pulse amplification,” Appl. Phys. B 79, 837-839 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Z. Wei, Y. Kaboyashi, and K. Torizuka, “Passive synchronization between femtosecond Ti:sapphire and Cr:forsterite lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 74, S171-S176 (2002).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

V. Petrov, F. Rotermund, F. Noack, J. Ringling, O. Kittelmann, and R. Komatsu, “Frequency conversion of Ti:sapphire-based femtosecond laser system to the 200-nm spectral region using nonlinear optical crystals,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 1532-1542 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Lett. (10)

Z. Wei, Y. Kobayashi, Z. Zhang, and K. Torizuka, “Generation of two-color femtosecond pulses by self-synchronizing Ti:sapphire and Cr:forsterite lasers,” Opt. Lett. 26, 1806-1808 (2001).
[CrossRef]

R. K. Shelton, S. M. Foreman, L. S. Ma, J. L. Hall, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, M. Notcutt, and J. Ye, “Subfemtosecond timing jitter between two independent, actively synchronized, mode-locked lasers,” Opt. Lett. 27, 312-314 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Tian, Z. Wei, P. Wang, H. Han, J. Zhang, L. Zhao, Z. Wang, and J. Zhang, “Independently tunable 1.3 W femtosecond Ti:sapphire lasers passively synchronized with attosecond timing jitter and ultrahigh robustness,” Opt. Lett. 30, 2161-2163 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. E. Spence, P. N. Kean, and W. Sibbett, “60-fsec pulse generation from a self-mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Lett. 16, 42-44 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. R. X. de Barros and P. C. Becker, “Two-color synchronously mode-locked femtosecond Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Lett. 18, 631-633 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. E. Spence, J. M. Dudley, K. Lamb, W. E. Sleat, and W. Sibbett, “Nearly quantum-limited timing jitter in a self-mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Lett. 19, 481-483 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. H. Zenzie and P. F. Moulton, “Tunable optical parametric oscillators pumped by Ti:sapphire lasers,” Opt. Lett. 19, 963-965 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Krylov, A. Rebane, A. G. Kalintsev, H. Schwoerer, and U. P. Wild, “Second-harmonic generation of amplified femtosecond Ti:sapphire laser pulses,” Opt. Lett. 20, 198-200 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Leitenstorfer, C. Furst, and A. Laubereau, “Widely tunable two-color mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser with pulse jitter of less than 2 fs,” Opt. Lett. 20, 916-918 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Iaconis and I. A. Walmsley, “Spectral phase interferometry for direct electric-field reconstruction of ultrashort optical pulses,” Opt. Lett. 23, 792-794 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A (1)

L. S. Ma, R. K. Shelton, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, and J. Ye, “Sub-10-femtosecond active synchronization of two passively mode-locked Ti:sapphire oscillators,” Phys. Rev. A 64, 021802 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (2)

S. A. Crooker, F. D. Betz, J. Levy, and D. D. Awschalom, “Femtosecond synchronization of two passively mode-locked Ti:sapphire lasers,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 67, 2068-2071 (1996).
[CrossRef]

G. Cerullo and S. De Silvestri, “Ultrafast optical parametric amplifiers,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 74, 1-18 (2003).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of synchronized lasers and SFG.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Schematic diagram of 68 MHz PLL.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Schematic diagram of 816 MHz PLL.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Synchronized laser trace acquired by an oscilloscope.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Cross-correlation trace between the Nd : Y V O 4 laser and Ti:sapphire laser and (b) fluctuation record of the SFG at half-peak. The corresponding rms stablity is about 5%; we infer that the timing jitter is less than 350 fs in 10 s ( 500 Hz bandwidth).

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Fundamental and second-harmonic as well as sum-frequency laser beams.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Spectra of sum-frequency laser emission.

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