Abstract

We describe and compare different configurations for the generation of carrier-envelope (CE) phase-stabilized sub-two-cycle pulses directly from prismless octave-spanning Ti:sapphire lasers without extracavity nonlinear optical processes significantly distorting or attenuating the main laser output. The spectral components necessary for f2f interferometry are generated intracavity and independently coupled out from the main pulse through specially designed laser mirrors. This nonintrusive approach has many advantages compared to other more conventional methods that require a substantial amount of the full laser output to generate the f2f components. We demonstrate the generation of CE phase stable sub-two-cycle pulses with high-quality temporal profiles and low CE phase noise.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, “Optical frequency metrology,” Nature 416, 233-237 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. U. Morgner, R. Ell, G. Metzler, T. R. Schibli, F. X. Kärtner, J. G. Fujimoto, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, “Nonlinear optics with phase-controlled pulses in the sub-two-cycle regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 5462-5465 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. L. Matos, D. Kleppner, O. Kuzuer, T. R. Schibli, J. Kim, E. P. Ippen, and F. X. Kartner, “Direct frequency comb generation from an octave-spanning, prismless Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Lett. 29, 1683-1685 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. U. Morgner, F. X. Kärtner, S. H. Cho, Y. Chen, H. A. Haus, J. G. Fujimoto, V. Scheuer, G. Angelow, and T. Tschudi, “Sub-two-cycle pulses from a Kerr-lens mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Lett. 24, 411-413 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  6. O. D. Mücke, T. Tritschler, M. Wegener, U. Morgner, and F. X. Kärtner, “Signatures of carrier-wave Rabi flopping in GaAs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 057401 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. P. Hommelhoff, C. Kealhofer, and M. A. Kasevich, “Ultrafast election pulses from a tungsten tip triggered by low-power femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 247402 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  8. A. Baltuška, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields,” Nature 421, 611-615 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. R. Ell, U. Morgner, F. X. Kärtner, J. G. Fujimoto, E. P. Ippen, V. Scheuer, G. Angelow, and T. Tschudi, “Generation of 5-fs pulses and octave-spanning spectra directly from a Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Lett. 26, 373-375 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  10. F. X. Kärtner, U. Morgner, T. R. Schibli, E. P. Ippen, J. G. Fujimoto, V. Scheuer, G. Angelow, and T. Tschudi, “Ultrabroadband double-chirped mirror pairs for generation of octave spectra,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 882-885 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  11. F. W. Helbing, G. Steinmeyer, U. Keller, R. S. Windeler, J. Stenger, and H. R. Telle, “Carrier-envelope offset dynamics of mode-locked lasers,” Opt. Lett. 27, 194-196 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  12. T. Fuji, J. Rauschenberger, A. Apolonski, V. S. Yakovlev, G. Tempea, T. Udem, C. Gohle, T. W. Hänsch, W. Lehnert, M. Scherer, and F. Krausz, “Monolithic carrier-envelope phase-stabilization scheme,” Opt. Lett. 30, 332-334 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. T. Fuji, J. Rauschenberger, C. Gohle, A. Apolonski, T. Udem, V. S. Yakovlev, G. Tempea, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control of optical waveforms,” New J. Phys. 7, 116 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  14. J. R. Birge, H. M. Crespo, M. Sander, and F. X. Kärtner, “Non-intrusive sub-two-cycle carrier-envelope stabilized pulses using engineered chirped mirrors,” presented at the Conference on Lasers and Eletro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference, San Jose, Calif., May 4-9, 2008.
  15. H. M. Crespo, J. R. Birge, E. L. Falcão-Filho, M. Y. Sander, A. Benedick, and F. X. Kärtner, “Nonintrusive phase stabilization of sub-two-cycle pulses from a prismless octave-spanning Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Lett. 33, 833-835 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. L. Xu, C. Spielmann, F. Krauzs, and R. Szipöcs, “Ultrabroadband ring oscillator for sub-10-fs pulse generation,” Opt. Lett. 21, 1259-1261 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. H. A. Haus, J. G. Fujimoto, and E. P. Ippen, “Analytic theory of additive pulse and Kerr lens mode locking,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2086-2096 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  18. G. Cerullo, S. De Silvestri, V. Magni, and L. Pallaro, “Resonators for Kerr-lens mode-locked femtosecond Ti:sapphire lasers,” Opt. Lett. 19, 807-809 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. O. D. Mücke, R. Ell, A. Winter, J. Kim, J. R. Birge, L. Matos, and, F. X. Kärtner, “Self-referenced 200MHz octave-spanning Ti:sapphire laser with 50 attosecond carrier-envelope phase jitter,” Opt. Express 13, 5163-5169 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. J. R. Birge and F. X. Kärtner, “Efficient analytic computation of dispersion from multilayer structures,” Appl. Opt. 45, 1478-1483 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. J. R. Birge and F. X. Kärtner, “Efficient optimization of multilayer coatings for ultrafast optics using analytic gradients of dispersion,” Appl. Opt. 46, 2656-2662 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. R. Ell, J. R. Birge, M. Araghchini, and F. X. Kärtner, “Carrier-envelope phase control by a composite plate,” Opt. Express 14, 5829-5837 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. Y. Chen, F. X. Kärtner, U. Morgner, S. H. Cho, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Dispersion-managed mode locking,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 1999-2004 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  24. M. Y. Sander, H. M. Crespo, J. R. Birge, and F. X. Kärtner, “Modeling of octave-spanning sub-two-cycle Titanium:sapphire lasers: Simulation and experiment,” to be presented at Conference on Ultrafast Phenomena (European Physical Society and Optical Society of America, 2008).
  25. J. R. Birge, R. Ell, and F. X. Kärtner, “Two-dimensional spectral shearing interferometry for few-cycle pulse characterization,” Opt. Lett. 31, 2063-2065 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. J. Kim, J. R. Birge, V. Sharma, J. G. Fujimoto, F. X. Kärtner, V. Scheuer, and G. Angelow, “Ultrabroadband beam splitter with matched group-delay dispersion,” Opt. Lett. 30, 1569-1571 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  27. T. Binhammer, E. Rittweger, U. Morgner, R. Ell, and E. X. Kärtner, “Spectral phase control and temporal superresolution toward the single-cycle pulse.” Opt. Lett. 31, 1552-1554 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  28. L. Matos, O. D. Mücke, J. Chen, and F. X. Kärtner, “Carrier-envelope phase dynamics and noise analysis in octave-spanning Ti:sapphire lasers,” Opt. Express 13, 2497-2511 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  29. F. W. Helbing, G. Steinmeyer, and U. Keller, “Carrier-envelope offset phase-locking with attosecond timing jitter,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9, 1030-1040 (2003).
    [CrossRef]

2008

2007

2006

2005

2004

2003

A. Baltuška, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields,” Nature 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. W. Helbing, G. Steinmeyer, and U. Keller, “Carrier-envelope offset phase-locking with attosecond timing jitter,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9, 1030-1040 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002

2001

U. Morgner, R. Ell, G. Metzler, T. R. Schibli, F. X. Kärtner, J. G. Fujimoto, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, “Nonlinear optics with phase-controlled pulses in the sub-two-cycle regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 5462-5465 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. D. Mücke, T. Tritschler, M. Wegener, U. Morgner, and F. X. Kärtner, “Signatures of carrier-wave Rabi flopping in GaAs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 057401 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Ell, U. Morgner, F. X. Kärtner, J. G. Fujimoto, E. P. Ippen, V. Scheuer, G. Angelow, and T. Tschudi, “Generation of 5-fs pulses and octave-spanning spectra directly from a Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Lett. 26, 373-375 (2001).
[CrossRef]

F. X. Kärtner, U. Morgner, T. R. Schibli, E. P. Ippen, J. G. Fujimoto, V. Scheuer, G. Angelow, and T. Tschudi, “Ultrabroadband double-chirped mirror pairs for generation of octave spectra,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 882-885 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999

1996

1994

1992

H. A. Haus, J. G. Fujimoto, and E. P. Ippen, “Analytic theory of additive pulse and Kerr lens mode locking,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2086-2096 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Angelow, G.

Apolonski, A.

T. Fuji, J. Rauschenberger, A. Apolonski, V. S. Yakovlev, G. Tempea, T. Udem, C. Gohle, T. W. Hänsch, W. Lehnert, M. Scherer, and F. Krausz, “Monolithic carrier-envelope phase-stabilization scheme,” Opt. Lett. 30, 332-334 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Fuji, J. Rauschenberger, C. Gohle, A. Apolonski, T. Udem, V. S. Yakovlev, G. Tempea, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control of optical waveforms,” New J. Phys. 7, 116 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Araghchini, M.

Baltuška, A.

A. Baltuška, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields,” Nature 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Benedick, A.

Binhammer, T.

Birge, J. R.

H. M. Crespo, J. R. Birge, E. L. Falcão-Filho, M. Y. Sander, A. Benedick, and F. X. Kärtner, “Nonintrusive phase stabilization of sub-two-cycle pulses from a prismless octave-spanning Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Lett. 33, 833-835 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. R. Birge and F. X. Kärtner, “Efficient optimization of multilayer coatings for ultrafast optics using analytic gradients of dispersion,” Appl. Opt. 46, 2656-2662 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Ell, J. R. Birge, M. Araghchini, and F. X. Kärtner, “Carrier-envelope phase control by a composite plate,” Opt. Express 14, 5829-5837 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. R. Birge and F. X. Kärtner, “Efficient analytic computation of dispersion from multilayer structures,” Appl. Opt. 45, 1478-1483 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. R. Birge, R. Ell, and F. X. Kärtner, “Two-dimensional spectral shearing interferometry for few-cycle pulse characterization,” Opt. Lett. 31, 2063-2065 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Kim, J. R. Birge, V. Sharma, J. G. Fujimoto, F. X. Kärtner, V. Scheuer, and G. Angelow, “Ultrabroadband beam splitter with matched group-delay dispersion,” Opt. Lett. 30, 1569-1571 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. D. Mücke, R. Ell, A. Winter, J. Kim, J. R. Birge, L. Matos, and, F. X. Kärtner, “Self-referenced 200MHz octave-spanning Ti:sapphire laser with 50 attosecond carrier-envelope phase jitter,” Opt. Express 13, 5163-5169 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Y. Sander, H. M. Crespo, J. R. Birge, and F. X. Kärtner, “Modeling of octave-spanning sub-two-cycle Titanium:sapphire lasers: Simulation and experiment,” to be presented at Conference on Ultrafast Phenomena (European Physical Society and Optical Society of America, 2008).

J. R. Birge, H. M. Crespo, M. Sander, and F. X. Kärtner, “Non-intrusive sub-two-cycle carrier-envelope stabilized pulses using engineered chirped mirrors,” presented at the Conference on Lasers and Eletro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference, San Jose, Calif., May 4-9, 2008.

Cerullo, G.

Chen, J.

L. Matos, O. D. Mücke, J. Chen, and F. X. Kärtner, “Carrier-envelope phase dynamics and noise analysis in octave-spanning Ti:sapphire lasers,” Opt. Express 13, 2497-2511 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y.

Cho, S. H.

Crespo, H. M.

H. M. Crespo, J. R. Birge, E. L. Falcão-Filho, M. Y. Sander, A. Benedick, and F. X. Kärtner, “Nonintrusive phase stabilization of sub-two-cycle pulses from a prismless octave-spanning Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Lett. 33, 833-835 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. R. Birge, H. M. Crespo, M. Sander, and F. X. Kärtner, “Non-intrusive sub-two-cycle carrier-envelope stabilized pulses using engineered chirped mirrors,” presented at the Conference on Lasers and Eletro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference, San Jose, Calif., May 4-9, 2008.

M. Y. Sander, H. M. Crespo, J. R. Birge, and F. X. Kärtner, “Modeling of octave-spanning sub-two-cycle Titanium:sapphire lasers: Simulation and experiment,” to be presented at Conference on Ultrafast Phenomena (European Physical Society and Optical Society of America, 2008).

Cundiff, S. T.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

De Silvestri, S.

Diddams, S. A.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ell, R.

Falcão-Filho, E. L.

Fuji, T.

T. Fuji, J. Rauschenberger, A. Apolonski, V. S. Yakovlev, G. Tempea, T. Udem, C. Gohle, T. W. Hänsch, W. Lehnert, M. Scherer, and F. Krausz, “Monolithic carrier-envelope phase-stabilization scheme,” Opt. Lett. 30, 332-334 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Fuji, J. Rauschenberger, C. Gohle, A. Apolonski, T. Udem, V. S. Yakovlev, G. Tempea, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control of optical waveforms,” New J. Phys. 7, 116 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Fujimoto, J. G.

J. Kim, J. R. Birge, V. Sharma, J. G. Fujimoto, F. X. Kärtner, V. Scheuer, and G. Angelow, “Ultrabroadband beam splitter with matched group-delay dispersion,” Opt. Lett. 30, 1569-1571 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. X. Kärtner, U. Morgner, T. R. Schibli, E. P. Ippen, J. G. Fujimoto, V. Scheuer, G. Angelow, and T. Tschudi, “Ultrabroadband double-chirped mirror pairs for generation of octave spectra,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 882-885 (2001).
[CrossRef]

R. Ell, U. Morgner, F. X. Kärtner, J. G. Fujimoto, E. P. Ippen, V. Scheuer, G. Angelow, and T. Tschudi, “Generation of 5-fs pulses and octave-spanning spectra directly from a Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Lett. 26, 373-375 (2001).
[CrossRef]

U. Morgner, R. Ell, G. Metzler, T. R. Schibli, F. X. Kärtner, J. G. Fujimoto, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, “Nonlinear optics with phase-controlled pulses in the sub-two-cycle regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 5462-5465 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

U. Morgner, F. X. Kärtner, S. H. Cho, Y. Chen, H. A. Haus, J. G. Fujimoto, V. Scheuer, G. Angelow, and T. Tschudi, “Sub-two-cycle pulses from a Kerr-lens mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Lett. 24, 411-413 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Y. Chen, F. X. Kärtner, U. Morgner, S. H. Cho, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Dispersion-managed mode locking,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 1999-2004 (1999).
[CrossRef]

H. A. Haus, J. G. Fujimoto, and E. P. Ippen, “Analytic theory of additive pulse and Kerr lens mode locking,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2086-2096 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Gohle, C.

T. Fuji, J. Rauschenberger, A. Apolonski, V. S. Yakovlev, G. Tempea, T. Udem, C. Gohle, T. W. Hänsch, W. Lehnert, M. Scherer, and F. Krausz, “Monolithic carrier-envelope phase-stabilization scheme,” Opt. Lett. 30, 332-334 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Fuji, J. Rauschenberger, C. Gohle, A. Apolonski, T. Udem, V. S. Yakovlev, G. Tempea, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control of optical waveforms,” New J. Phys. 7, 116 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Baltuška, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields,” Nature 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Goulielmakis, E.

A. Baltuška, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields,” Nature 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hall, J. L.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hänsch, T. W.

T. Fuji, J. Rauschenberger, C. Gohle, A. Apolonski, T. Udem, V. S. Yakovlev, G. Tempea, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control of optical waveforms,” New J. Phys. 7, 116 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. Fuji, J. Rauschenberger, A. Apolonski, V. S. Yakovlev, G. Tempea, T. Udem, C. Gohle, T. W. Hänsch, W. Lehnert, M. Scherer, and F. Krausz, “Monolithic carrier-envelope phase-stabilization scheme,” Opt. Lett. 30, 332-334 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Baltuška, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields,” Nature 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, “Optical frequency metrology,” Nature 416, 233-237 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Haus, H. A.

U. Morgner, R. Ell, G. Metzler, T. R. Schibli, F. X. Kärtner, J. G. Fujimoto, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, “Nonlinear optics with phase-controlled pulses in the sub-two-cycle regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 5462-5465 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

U. Morgner, F. X. Kärtner, S. H. Cho, Y. Chen, H. A. Haus, J. G. Fujimoto, V. Scheuer, G. Angelow, and T. Tschudi, “Sub-two-cycle pulses from a Kerr-lens mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Lett. 24, 411-413 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Y. Chen, F. X. Kärtner, U. Morgner, S. H. Cho, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Dispersion-managed mode locking,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 1999-2004 (1999).
[CrossRef]

H. A. Haus, J. G. Fujimoto, and E. P. Ippen, “Analytic theory of additive pulse and Kerr lens mode locking,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2086-2096 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Helbing, F. W.

F. W. Helbing, G. Steinmeyer, and U. Keller, “Carrier-envelope offset phase-locking with attosecond timing jitter,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9, 1030-1040 (2003).
[CrossRef]

F. W. Helbing, G. Steinmeyer, U. Keller, R. S. Windeler, J. Stenger, and H. R. Telle, “Carrier-envelope offset dynamics of mode-locked lasers,” Opt. Lett. 27, 194-196 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hentschel, M.

A. Baltuška, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields,” Nature 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Holzwarth, R.

A. Baltuška, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields,” Nature 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, “Optical frequency metrology,” Nature 416, 233-237 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hommelhoff, P.

P. Hommelhoff, C. Kealhofer, and M. A. Kasevich, “Ultrafast election pulses from a tungsten tip triggered by low-power femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 247402 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ippen, E. P.

Jones, D. J.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kartner, F. X.

Kärtner, E. X.

Kärtner, F. X.

H. M. Crespo, J. R. Birge, E. L. Falcão-Filho, M. Y. Sander, A. Benedick, and F. X. Kärtner, “Nonintrusive phase stabilization of sub-two-cycle pulses from a prismless octave-spanning Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Lett. 33, 833-835 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. R. Birge and F. X. Kärtner, “Efficient optimization of multilayer coatings for ultrafast optics using analytic gradients of dispersion,” Appl. Opt. 46, 2656-2662 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Ell, J. R. Birge, M. Araghchini, and F. X. Kärtner, “Carrier-envelope phase control by a composite plate,” Opt. Express 14, 5829-5837 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. R. Birge and F. X. Kärtner, “Efficient analytic computation of dispersion from multilayer structures,” Appl. Opt. 45, 1478-1483 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Matos, O. D. Mücke, J. Chen, and F. X. Kärtner, “Carrier-envelope phase dynamics and noise analysis in octave-spanning Ti:sapphire lasers,” Opt. Express 13, 2497-2511 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. R. Birge, R. Ell, and F. X. Kärtner, “Two-dimensional spectral shearing interferometry for few-cycle pulse characterization,” Opt. Lett. 31, 2063-2065 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Kim, J. R. Birge, V. Sharma, J. G. Fujimoto, F. X. Kärtner, V. Scheuer, and G. Angelow, “Ultrabroadband beam splitter with matched group-delay dispersion,” Opt. Lett. 30, 1569-1571 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. D. Mücke, R. Ell, A. Winter, J. Kim, J. R. Birge, L. Matos, and, F. X. Kärtner, “Self-referenced 200MHz octave-spanning Ti:sapphire laser with 50 attosecond carrier-envelope phase jitter,” Opt. Express 13, 5163-5169 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

U. Morgner, R. Ell, G. Metzler, T. R. Schibli, F. X. Kärtner, J. G. Fujimoto, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, “Nonlinear optics with phase-controlled pulses in the sub-two-cycle regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 5462-5465 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Ell, U. Morgner, F. X. Kärtner, J. G. Fujimoto, E. P. Ippen, V. Scheuer, G. Angelow, and T. Tschudi, “Generation of 5-fs pulses and octave-spanning spectra directly from a Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Lett. 26, 373-375 (2001).
[CrossRef]

F. X. Kärtner, U. Morgner, T. R. Schibli, E. P. Ippen, J. G. Fujimoto, V. Scheuer, G. Angelow, and T. Tschudi, “Ultrabroadband double-chirped mirror pairs for generation of octave spectra,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 882-885 (2001).
[CrossRef]

O. D. Mücke, T. Tritschler, M. Wegener, U. Morgner, and F. X. Kärtner, “Signatures of carrier-wave Rabi flopping in GaAs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 057401 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

U. Morgner, F. X. Kärtner, S. H. Cho, Y. Chen, H. A. Haus, J. G. Fujimoto, V. Scheuer, G. Angelow, and T. Tschudi, “Sub-two-cycle pulses from a Kerr-lens mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Lett. 24, 411-413 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Y. Chen, F. X. Kärtner, U. Morgner, S. H. Cho, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Dispersion-managed mode locking,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 1999-2004 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Y. Sander, H. M. Crespo, J. R. Birge, and F. X. Kärtner, “Modeling of octave-spanning sub-two-cycle Titanium:sapphire lasers: Simulation and experiment,” to be presented at Conference on Ultrafast Phenomena (European Physical Society and Optical Society of America, 2008).

J. R. Birge, H. M. Crespo, M. Sander, and F. X. Kärtner, “Non-intrusive sub-two-cycle carrier-envelope stabilized pulses using engineered chirped mirrors,” presented at the Conference on Lasers and Eletro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference, San Jose, Calif., May 4-9, 2008.

Kasevich, M. A.

P. Hommelhoff, C. Kealhofer, and M. A. Kasevich, “Ultrafast election pulses from a tungsten tip triggered by low-power femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 247402 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kealhofer, C.

P. Hommelhoff, C. Kealhofer, and M. A. Kasevich, “Ultrafast election pulses from a tungsten tip triggered by low-power femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 247402 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Keller, U.

F. W. Helbing, G. Steinmeyer, and U. Keller, “Carrier-envelope offset phase-locking with attosecond timing jitter,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9, 1030-1040 (2003).
[CrossRef]

F. W. Helbing, G. Steinmeyer, U. Keller, R. S. Windeler, J. Stenger, and H. R. Telle, “Carrier-envelope offset dynamics of mode-locked lasers,” Opt. Lett. 27, 194-196 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kim, J.

Kleppner, D.

Krausz, F.

T. Fuji, J. Rauschenberger, C. Gohle, A. Apolonski, T. Udem, V. S. Yakovlev, G. Tempea, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control of optical waveforms,” New J. Phys. 7, 116 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. Fuji, J. Rauschenberger, A. Apolonski, V. S. Yakovlev, G. Tempea, T. Udem, C. Gohle, T. W. Hänsch, W. Lehnert, M. Scherer, and F. Krausz, “Monolithic carrier-envelope phase-stabilization scheme,” Opt. Lett. 30, 332-334 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Baltuška, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields,” Nature 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Krauzs, F.

Kuzuer, O.

Lehnert, W.

Magni, V.

Matos, L.

Metzler, G.

U. Morgner, R. Ell, G. Metzler, T. R. Schibli, F. X. Kärtner, J. G. Fujimoto, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, “Nonlinear optics with phase-controlled pulses in the sub-two-cycle regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 5462-5465 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Morgner, U.

T. Binhammer, E. Rittweger, U. Morgner, R. Ell, and E. X. Kärtner, “Spectral phase control and temporal superresolution toward the single-cycle pulse.” Opt. Lett. 31, 1552-1554 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

U. Morgner, R. Ell, G. Metzler, T. R. Schibli, F. X. Kärtner, J. G. Fujimoto, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, “Nonlinear optics with phase-controlled pulses in the sub-two-cycle regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 5462-5465 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Ell, U. Morgner, F. X. Kärtner, J. G. Fujimoto, E. P. Ippen, V. Scheuer, G. Angelow, and T. Tschudi, “Generation of 5-fs pulses and octave-spanning spectra directly from a Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Lett. 26, 373-375 (2001).
[CrossRef]

O. D. Mücke, T. Tritschler, M. Wegener, U. Morgner, and F. X. Kärtner, “Signatures of carrier-wave Rabi flopping in GaAs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 057401 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. X. Kärtner, U. Morgner, T. R. Schibli, E. P. Ippen, J. G. Fujimoto, V. Scheuer, G. Angelow, and T. Tschudi, “Ultrabroadband double-chirped mirror pairs for generation of octave spectra,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 882-885 (2001).
[CrossRef]

U. Morgner, F. X. Kärtner, S. H. Cho, Y. Chen, H. A. Haus, J. G. Fujimoto, V. Scheuer, G. Angelow, and T. Tschudi, “Sub-two-cycle pulses from a Kerr-lens mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Lett. 24, 411-413 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Y. Chen, F. X. Kärtner, U. Morgner, S. H. Cho, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Dispersion-managed mode locking,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 1999-2004 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Mücke, O. D.

L. Matos, O. D. Mücke, J. Chen, and F. X. Kärtner, “Carrier-envelope phase dynamics and noise analysis in octave-spanning Ti:sapphire lasers,” Opt. Express 13, 2497-2511 (2006).
[CrossRef]

O. D. Mücke, R. Ell, A. Winter, J. Kim, J. R. Birge, L. Matos, and, F. X. Kärtner, “Self-referenced 200MHz octave-spanning Ti:sapphire laser with 50 attosecond carrier-envelope phase jitter,” Opt. Express 13, 5163-5169 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. D. Mücke, T. Tritschler, M. Wegener, U. Morgner, and F. X. Kärtner, “Signatures of carrier-wave Rabi flopping in GaAs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 057401 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pallaro, L.

Ranka, J. K.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rauschenberger, J.

T. Fuji, J. Rauschenberger, C. Gohle, A. Apolonski, T. Udem, V. S. Yakovlev, G. Tempea, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control of optical waveforms,” New J. Phys. 7, 116 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. Fuji, J. Rauschenberger, A. Apolonski, V. S. Yakovlev, G. Tempea, T. Udem, C. Gohle, T. W. Hänsch, W. Lehnert, M. Scherer, and F. Krausz, “Monolithic carrier-envelope phase-stabilization scheme,” Opt. Lett. 30, 332-334 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rittweger, E.

Sander, M.

J. R. Birge, H. M. Crespo, M. Sander, and F. X. Kärtner, “Non-intrusive sub-two-cycle carrier-envelope stabilized pulses using engineered chirped mirrors,” presented at the Conference on Lasers and Eletro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference, San Jose, Calif., May 4-9, 2008.

Sander, M. Y.

H. M. Crespo, J. R. Birge, E. L. Falcão-Filho, M. Y. Sander, A. Benedick, and F. X. Kärtner, “Nonintrusive phase stabilization of sub-two-cycle pulses from a prismless octave-spanning Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Lett. 33, 833-835 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Y. Sander, H. M. Crespo, J. R. Birge, and F. X. Kärtner, “Modeling of octave-spanning sub-two-cycle Titanium:sapphire lasers: Simulation and experiment,” to be presented at Conference on Ultrafast Phenomena (European Physical Society and Optical Society of America, 2008).

Scherer, M.

Scheuer, V.

Schibli, T. R.

Scrinzi, A.

A. Baltuška, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields,” Nature 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sharma, V.

Spielmann, C.

Steinmeyer, G.

F. W. Helbing, G. Steinmeyer, and U. Keller, “Carrier-envelope offset phase-locking with attosecond timing jitter,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9, 1030-1040 (2003).
[CrossRef]

F. W. Helbing, G. Steinmeyer, U. Keller, R. S. Windeler, J. Stenger, and H. R. Telle, “Carrier-envelope offset dynamics of mode-locked lasers,” Opt. Lett. 27, 194-196 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Stenger, J.

Stentz, A.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Szipöcs, R.

Telle, H. R.

Tempea, G.

T. Fuji, J. Rauschenberger, A. Apolonski, V. S. Yakovlev, G. Tempea, T. Udem, C. Gohle, T. W. Hänsch, W. Lehnert, M. Scherer, and F. Krausz, “Monolithic carrier-envelope phase-stabilization scheme,” Opt. Lett. 30, 332-334 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Fuji, J. Rauschenberger, C. Gohle, A. Apolonski, T. Udem, V. S. Yakovlev, G. Tempea, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control of optical waveforms,” New J. Phys. 7, 116 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tritschler, T.

O. D. Mücke, T. Tritschler, M. Wegener, U. Morgner, and F. X. Kärtner, “Signatures of carrier-wave Rabi flopping in GaAs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 057401 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tschudi, T.

Udem, T.

T. Fuji, J. Rauschenberger, C. Gohle, A. Apolonski, T. Udem, V. S. Yakovlev, G. Tempea, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control of optical waveforms,” New J. Phys. 7, 116 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. Fuji, J. Rauschenberger, A. Apolonski, V. S. Yakovlev, G. Tempea, T. Udem, C. Gohle, T. W. Hänsch, W. Lehnert, M. Scherer, and F. Krausz, “Monolithic carrier-envelope phase-stabilization scheme,” Opt. Lett. 30, 332-334 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Baltuška, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields,” Nature 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, “Optical frequency metrology,” Nature 416, 233-237 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Uiberacker, M.

A. Baltuška, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields,” Nature 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wegener, M.

O. D. Mücke, T. Tritschler, M. Wegener, U. Morgner, and F. X. Kärtner, “Signatures of carrier-wave Rabi flopping in GaAs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 057401 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Windeler, R. S.

F. W. Helbing, G. Steinmeyer, U. Keller, R. S. Windeler, J. Stenger, and H. R. Telle, “Carrier-envelope offset dynamics of mode-locked lasers,” Opt. Lett. 27, 194-196 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Winter, A.

Xu, L.

Yakovlev, V. S.

T. Fuji, J. Rauschenberger, C. Gohle, A. Apolonski, T. Udem, V. S. Yakovlev, G. Tempea, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control of optical waveforms,” New J. Phys. 7, 116 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. Fuji, J. Rauschenberger, A. Apolonski, V. S. Yakovlev, G. Tempea, T. Udem, C. Gohle, T. W. Hänsch, W. Lehnert, M. Scherer, and F. Krausz, “Monolithic carrier-envelope phase-stabilization scheme,” Opt. Lett. 30, 332-334 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Baltuška, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields,” Nature 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Opt.

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

H. A. Haus, J. G. Fujimoto, and E. P. Ippen, “Analytic theory of additive pulse and Kerr lens mode locking,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2086-2096 (1992).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

F. W. Helbing, G. Steinmeyer, and U. Keller, “Carrier-envelope offset phase-locking with attosecond timing jitter,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9, 1030-1040 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Nature

T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, “Optical frequency metrology,” Nature 416, 233-237 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Baltuška, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields,” Nature 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

New J. Phys.

T. Fuji, J. Rauschenberger, C. Gohle, A. Apolonski, T. Udem, V. S. Yakovlev, G. Tempea, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control of optical waveforms,” New J. Phys. 7, 116 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

J. R. Birge, R. Ell, and F. X. Kärtner, “Two-dimensional spectral shearing interferometry for few-cycle pulse characterization,” Opt. Lett. 31, 2063-2065 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Kim, J. R. Birge, V. Sharma, J. G. Fujimoto, F. X. Kärtner, V. Scheuer, and G. Angelow, “Ultrabroadband beam splitter with matched group-delay dispersion,” Opt. Lett. 30, 1569-1571 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Binhammer, E. Rittweger, U. Morgner, R. Ell, and E. X. Kärtner, “Spectral phase control and temporal superresolution toward the single-cycle pulse.” Opt. Lett. 31, 1552-1554 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. W. Helbing, G. Steinmeyer, U. Keller, R. S. Windeler, J. Stenger, and H. R. Telle, “Carrier-envelope offset dynamics of mode-locked lasers,” Opt. Lett. 27, 194-196 (2002).
[CrossRef]

T. Fuji, J. Rauschenberger, A. Apolonski, V. S. Yakovlev, G. Tempea, T. Udem, C. Gohle, T. W. Hänsch, W. Lehnert, M. Scherer, and F. Krausz, “Monolithic carrier-envelope phase-stabilization scheme,” Opt. Lett. 30, 332-334 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Cerullo, S. De Silvestri, V. Magni, and L. Pallaro, “Resonators for Kerr-lens mode-locked femtosecond Ti:sapphire lasers,” Opt. Lett. 19, 807-809 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. M. Crespo, J. R. Birge, E. L. Falcão-Filho, M. Y. Sander, A. Benedick, and F. X. Kärtner, “Nonintrusive phase stabilization of sub-two-cycle pulses from a prismless octave-spanning Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Lett. 33, 833-835 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Xu, C. Spielmann, F. Krauzs, and R. Szipöcs, “Ultrabroadband ring oscillator for sub-10-fs pulse generation,” Opt. Lett. 21, 1259-1261 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Ell, U. Morgner, F. X. Kärtner, J. G. Fujimoto, E. P. Ippen, V. Scheuer, G. Angelow, and T. Tschudi, “Generation of 5-fs pulses and octave-spanning spectra directly from a Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Lett. 26, 373-375 (2001).
[CrossRef]

L. Matos, D. Kleppner, O. Kuzuer, T. R. Schibli, J. Kim, E. P. Ippen, and F. X. Kartner, “Direct frequency comb generation from an octave-spanning, prismless Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Lett. 29, 1683-1685 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

U. Morgner, F. X. Kärtner, S. H. Cho, Y. Chen, H. A. Haus, J. G. Fujimoto, V. Scheuer, G. Angelow, and T. Tschudi, “Sub-two-cycle pulses from a Kerr-lens mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Lett. 24, 411-413 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

O. D. Mücke, T. Tritschler, M. Wegener, U. Morgner, and F. X. Kärtner, “Signatures of carrier-wave Rabi flopping in GaAs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 057401 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Hommelhoff, C. Kealhofer, and M. A. Kasevich, “Ultrafast election pulses from a tungsten tip triggered by low-power femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 247402 (2006).
[CrossRef]

U. Morgner, R. Ell, G. Metzler, T. R. Schibli, F. X. Kärtner, J. G. Fujimoto, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, “Nonlinear optics with phase-controlled pulses in the sub-two-cycle regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 5462-5465 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other

J. R. Birge, H. M. Crespo, M. Sander, and F. X. Kärtner, “Non-intrusive sub-two-cycle carrier-envelope stabilized pulses using engineered chirped mirrors,” presented at the Conference on Lasers and Eletro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference, San Jose, Calif., May 4-9, 2008.

M. Y. Sander, H. M. Crespo, J. R. Birge, and F. X. Kärtner, “Modeling of octave-spanning sub-two-cycle Titanium:sapphire lasers: Simulation and experiment,” to be presented at Conference on Ultrafast Phenomena (European Physical Society and Optical Society of America, 2008).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (10)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

CE phase-stabilized sub-two-cycle laser system and diagnostics. The femtosecond ring laser (located inside the gray area) has a compact 28 cm × 10 cm footprint. AOM, acousto-optic modulator; L, pump lens ( f = 40 mm ) ; M1–M4, novel DCMs; OC, broadband output-coupler on a fused-silica wedge; W, BaF 2 wedge; SM1–SM3, movable steering mirrors; FSW, fused-silica wedges; IAC, interferometric autocorrelator; 2DSI, two-dimensional spectral interferometer; S, glass slide; PR, gold-coated off-axis parabolic reflector ( f = 25.4 mm ) ; PBS, Polarizing beam splitter; F, interference filter; APD, avalanche photodiode; LO, local oscillator. All gray mirrors outside the femtosecond laser area are octave-spanning DCM pairs.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Theoretical reflectivity curves and (b) theoretical and measured combined group delay of the new DCM pairs. The experimental curve was obtained using white-light interferometry with broadband detection and appears shifted (toward the longer wavelengths) with respect to the theoretical (designed) values since dispersion measurements were performed at normal incidence while all calculations assume an intracavity angle of 5 ° . The overall lower amplitude of the measured dispersion oscillations is attributed to intrinsic low-pass filtering in the white-light interferometer setup.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Output spectra for two different laser configurations (solid curves) optimized for a maximum CE beat signal (default configuration) and optimized for a maximum spectral coverage in the long wavelength region as described in the text. The Fourier-transform limits of the spectra are 4.1 and 3.8 fs , respectively. The output-coupler reflectivity (dashed curve) and the measured GDD of the novel DCM pairs (dashed–dotted curve) are shown for comparison.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Measured (top) and simulated (bottom) laser spectra after the reflecting output-coupler, calculated for two different insertions of the fused-silica wedge. The dashed vertical lines indicate the 1160 nm f component within a 10 nm bandwidth.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Measured and simulated f 2 f output for the CE beat-optimized configuration. The vertical bars denote the f and 2 f components within a 10 nm bandwidth.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

RF spectrum of the laser directly measured from the APD using a 100 kHz resolution bandwidth ( f R denotes the laser repetition rate; f CEO is the CEO frequency). The inset shows the filtered and amplified f 2 f beat note with a shot-noise-limited 55 dB SNR.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Measured raw 2DSI interferogram ( 5 THz shear; 0.7 nm spectral resolution; 64 delay points).

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

(a) Measured spectrum and spectral phase retrieved from 2DSI. (b) Retrieved pulse intensity and phase in the time domain.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

IACs of the generated sub-two-cycle pulses. The measured trace (filled circles) closely matches the retrieved trace (solid curve). The measured trace for the spectrum-optimized laser configuration (dotted curve) is shown for comparison (see text).

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

PSD of the CE phase fluctuations (solid curve) and corresponding integrated CE phase error (dashed curve) calculated from Δ ϕ rms ( f ) = [ 2 10 MHz f S ϕ ( f ) d f ] 1 2 for the CE beat-optimized f 2 f output. The phase noise PSD for the spectrum-optimized full laser output is shown for comparison (see text).

Metrics