Abstract

The application of cross absorption modulation for optical sampling and phase sensitive pulse measurement is presented. Both a commercial 40GHz electroabsorption modulator and a vertical microcavity saturable absorber are used to sample a 2ps pulse train at 40GHz. The modulator was then used to make cross-absorption modulation based frequency-resolved optical gating (FROG) measurements. The results were verified by comparison with a commercial optical sampling oscilloscope and the more standard second harmonic generation FROG technique.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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  18. M. Gicquel-Guezo, S. Loualiche, J. Even, C. Labbe, O. Dehaese, A. Le Corre, H. Folliot, and Y. Pellan, “290fs switching time of Fe-doped quantum well saturable absorbers in a microcavity in 1.55μm range,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5926-5928 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  20. P.-A. Lacourt, M. Hanna, and J. M. Dudley, “Broad-band and ultrasensitive pulse characterization using frequency-resolved optical gating via four-wave mixing in a semiconductor optical amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 157-159 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  21. M. D. Thomson, J. M. Dudley, L. P. Barry, and J. D. Harvey, “Complete pulse characterization at 1.5μm by cross-phase modulation in optical fibers,” Opt. Lett. 23, 1582-1584 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  22. C. Dorrer and I. Kang, “High-sensitivity spectrographic method for characterizing picosecond optical pulses and data modulators,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exhibit, 2002 (OFC 2002) (IEEE, 2002), pp. FD4-1-FD4-3.
    [CrossRef]
  23. D. J. Kane, “Real-time measurement of ultrashort laser pulses using principal component generalized projections,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 278-284 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  24. D. Reid and J. Harvey, “Linear spectrograms using electrooptic modulators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 535-537 (2007).
    [CrossRef]

2007 (1)

D. Reid and J. Harvey, “Linear spectrograms using electrooptic modulators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 535-537 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (3)

2005 (2)

P.-A. Lacourt, M. Hanna, and J. M. Dudley, “Broad-band and ultrasensitive pulse characterization using frequency-resolved optical gating via four-wave mixing in a semiconductor optical amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 157-159 (2005).
[CrossRef]

P. J. Maguire, L. P. Barry, T. Krug, M. Lynch, A. L. Bradley, J. F. Donegan, and H. Folliot, “All-optical sampling utilising two-photon absorption in semiconductor microcavity,” Electron. Lett. 41, 489-490 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

M. Gicquel-Guezo, S. Loualiche, J. Even, C. Labbe, O. Dehaese, A. Le Corre, H. Folliot, and Y. Pellan, “290fs switching time of Fe-doped quantum well saturable absorbers in a microcavity in 1.55μm range,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5926-5928 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

S. Kawanishi, T. Yamamoto, M. Nakazawa, and M. M. Fejer, “High sensitivity waveform measurement with optical sampling using quasi-phasematched mixing in LiNbO3 waveguide,” Electron. Lett. 37, 842-844 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

T. Otani, T. Miyazaki, and S. Yamamoto, “Optical 3R regenerator using wavelength converters based on electroabsorption modulator for all-optical network applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 431-433 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. Hojfeldt, S. Bischoff, and J. Mork, “All-optical wavelength conversion and signal regeneration using an electroabsorption modulator,” J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 1121-1127 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

S. Diez, R. Ludwig, C. Schmidt, U. Feiste, and H. G. Weber, “160-Gb/s optical sampling by gain-transparent four-wave mixing in a semiconductor optical amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1402-1404 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (3)

1996 (1)

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM's) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435-453 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

1993 (1)

D. J. Kane and R. Trebino, “Characterization of arbitrary femtosecond pulses using frequency-resolved optical gating,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 571-579 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1991 (2)

B. P. Nelson and N. J. Doran, “Optical sampling oscilloscope using nonlinear fibre loop mirror,” Electron. Lett. 27, 204-205 (1991).
[CrossRef]

P. A. Andrekson, “Picosecond optical sampling using four-wave mixing in fibre,” Electron. Lett. 27, 1440-1441 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Anderson, W. T.

Andrekson, P. A.

P. A. Andrekson, “Picosecond optical sampling using four-wave mixing in fibre,” Electron. Lett. 27, 1440-1441 (1991).
[CrossRef]

M. Skold, M. Westlund, H. Sunnerud, and P. A. Andrekson, “100 GSample/s optical real-time sampling system with Nyquist-limited bandwidth,” presented at the 33rd European Conference on Optical Communication, Berlin, Germany, 16-20 September 2007, post deadline paper PDP1.1.

Aubin, G.

L. Bramerie, Q. T. Le, S. Lobo, M. Gay, M. Joindot, J. C. Simon, A. Poudoulec, M. Van der Keur, C. Devemy, D. Massoubre, J.-L. Oudar, G. Aubin, A. Shen, and J. Decobert, “Cascadability and wavelength tunability assessment of a 2R regeneration device based on a 8 channel saturable absorber module,” in National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper PDP1.

Aus der Au, J.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM's) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435-453 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Barry, L. P.

Bergano, N. S.

Bischoff, S.

Bradley, A. L.

Bramerie, L.

L. Bramerie, Q. T. Le, S. Lobo, M. Gay, M. Joindot, J. C. Simon, A. Poudoulec, M. Van der Keur, C. Devemy, D. Massoubre, J.-L. Oudar, G. Aubin, A. Shen, and J. Decobert, “Cascadability and wavelength tunability assessment of a 2R regeneration device based on a 8 channel saturable absorber module,” in National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper PDP1.

Braun, B.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM's) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435-453 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Corbett, P. C.

Davidson, C. R.

Decobert, J.

L. Bramerie, Q. T. Le, S. Lobo, M. Gay, M. Joindot, J. C. Simon, A. Poudoulec, M. Van der Keur, C. Devemy, D. Massoubre, J.-L. Oudar, G. Aubin, A. Shen, and J. Decobert, “Cascadability and wavelength tunability assessment of a 2R regeneration device based on a 8 channel saturable absorber module,” in National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper PDP1.

Dehaese, O.

M. Gicquel-Guezo, S. Loualiche, J. Even, C. Labbe, O. Dehaese, A. Le Corre, H. Folliot, and Y. Pellan, “290fs switching time of Fe-doped quantum well saturable absorbers in a microcavity in 1.55μm range,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5926-5928 (2004).
[CrossRef]

DeLong, K. W.

Devemy, C.

L. Bramerie, Q. T. Le, S. Lobo, M. Gay, M. Joindot, J. C. Simon, A. Poudoulec, M. Van der Keur, C. Devemy, D. Massoubre, J.-L. Oudar, G. Aubin, A. Shen, and J. Decobert, “Cascadability and wavelength tunability assessment of a 2R regeneration device based on a 8 channel saturable absorber module,” in National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper PDP1.

Diez, S.

S. Diez, R. Ludwig, C. Schmidt, U. Feiste, and H. G. Weber, “160-Gb/s optical sampling by gain-transparent four-wave mixing in a semiconductor optical amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1402-1404 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Donegan, J. F.

Doran, N. J.

B. P. Nelson and N. J. Doran, “Optical sampling oscilloscope using nonlinear fibre loop mirror,” Electron. Lett. 27, 204-205 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Dorrer, C.

C. Dorrer and I. Kang, “High-sensitivity spectrographic method for characterizing picosecond optical pulses and data modulators,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exhibit, 2002 (OFC 2002) (IEEE, 2002), pp. FD4-1-FD4-3.
[CrossRef]

Dudley, J. M.

P.-A. Lacourt, M. Hanna, and J. M. Dudley, “Broad-band and ultrasensitive pulse characterization using frequency-resolved optical gating via four-wave mixing in a semiconductor optical amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 157-159 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. D. Thomson, J. M. Dudley, L. P. Barry, and J. D. Harvey, “Complete pulse characterization at 1.5μm by cross-phase modulation in optical fibers,” Opt. Lett. 23, 1582-1584 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Even, J.

M. Gicquel-Guezo, S. Loualiche, J. Even, C. Labbe, O. Dehaese, A. Le Corre, H. Folliot, and Y. Pellan, “290fs switching time of Fe-doped quantum well saturable absorbers in a microcavity in 1.55μm range,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5926-5928 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Feiste, U.

S. Diez, R. Ludwig, C. Schmidt, U. Feiste, and H. G. Weber, “160-Gb/s optical sampling by gain-transparent four-wave mixing in a semiconductor optical amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1402-1404 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Fejer, M. M.

S. Kawanishi, T. Yamamoto, M. Nakazawa, and M. M. Fejer, “High sensitivity waveform measurement with optical sampling using quasi-phasematched mixing in LiNbO3 waveguide,” Electron. Lett. 37, 842-844 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Fluck, R.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM's) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435-453 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Folliot, H.

P. J. Maguire, L. P. Barry, T. Krug, W. H. Guo, J. O'Dowd, M. Lynch, A. L. Bradley, J. F. Donegan, and H. Folliot, “Optical signal processing via two-photon absorption in a semiconductor microcavity for the next generation of high-speed optical communications network,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 2683-2692 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. J. Maguire, L. P. Barry, T. Krug, M. Lynch, A. L. Bradley, J. F. Donegan, and H. Folliot, “All-optical sampling utilising two-photon absorption in semiconductor microcavity,” Electron. Lett. 41, 489-490 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Gicquel-Guezo, S. Loualiche, J. Even, C. Labbe, O. Dehaese, A. Le Corre, H. Folliot, and Y. Pellan, “290fs switching time of Fe-doped quantum well saturable absorbers in a microcavity in 1.55μm range,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5926-5928 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Foursa, D. G.

Fujita, T.

Gay, M.

L. Bramerie, Q. T. Le, S. Lobo, M. Gay, M. Joindot, J. C. Simon, A. Poudoulec, M. Van der Keur, C. Devemy, D. Massoubre, J.-L. Oudar, G. Aubin, A. Shen, and J. Decobert, “Cascadability and wavelength tunability assessment of a 2R regeneration device based on a 8 channel saturable absorber module,” in National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper PDP1.

Gicquel-Guezo, M.

M. Gicquel-Guezo, S. Loualiche, J. Even, C. Labbe, O. Dehaese, A. Le Corre, H. Folliot, and Y. Pellan, “290fs switching time of Fe-doped quantum well saturable absorbers in a microcavity in 1.55μm range,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5926-5928 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Guo, W. H.

Haifeng, L.

Hanberg, J.

L. K. Oxenlowe, E. Hilliger, A. Tersigni, A. M. Nik, S. Hojfeldt, F. Romstad, K. Yvind, P. M. W. Skovgaard, K. Hoppe, and J. Hanberg, “All-optical demultiplexing and wavelength conversion in an electroabsorption modulator,” in 27th European Conference on Optical Communication, 2001 (ECOC '01) (IEEE, 2001), Vol. 4, pp. 604-605.

Hanna, M.

P.-A. Lacourt, M. Hanna, and J. M. Dudley, “Broad-band and ultrasensitive pulse characterization using frequency-resolved optical gating via four-wave mixing in a semiconductor optical amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 157-159 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Harvey, J.

D. Reid and J. Harvey, “Linear spectrograms using electrooptic modulators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 535-537 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Harvey, J. D.

Higuma, K.

Hilliger, E.

L. K. Oxenlowe, E. Hilliger, A. Tersigni, A. M. Nik, S. Hojfeldt, F. Romstad, K. Yvind, P. M. W. Skovgaard, K. Hoppe, and J. Hanberg, “All-optical demultiplexing and wavelength conversion in an electroabsorption modulator,” in 27th European Conference on Optical Communication, 2001 (ECOC '01) (IEEE, 2001), Vol. 4, pp. 604-605.

Hojfeldt, S.

S. Hojfeldt, S. Bischoff, and J. Mork, “All-optical wavelength conversion and signal regeneration using an electroabsorption modulator,” J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 1121-1127 (2000).
[CrossRef]

L. K. Oxenlowe, E. Hilliger, A. Tersigni, A. M. Nik, S. Hojfeldt, F. Romstad, K. Yvind, P. M. W. Skovgaard, K. Hoppe, and J. Hanberg, “All-optical demultiplexing and wavelength conversion in an electroabsorption modulator,” in 27th European Conference on Optical Communication, 2001 (ECOC '01) (IEEE, 2001), Vol. 4, pp. 604-605.

Honninger, C.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM's) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435-453 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Hoppe, K.

L. K. Oxenlowe, E. Hilliger, A. Tersigni, A. M. Nik, S. Hojfeldt, F. Romstad, K. Yvind, P. M. W. Skovgaard, K. Hoppe, and J. Hanberg, “All-optical demultiplexing and wavelength conversion in an electroabsorption modulator,” in 27th European Conference on Optical Communication, 2001 (ECOC '01) (IEEE, 2001), Vol. 4, pp. 604-605.

Iaconis, C.

Ichikawa, J.

Izutsu, M.

Jin-Xing, C.

Joindot, M.

L. Bramerie, Q. T. Le, S. Lobo, M. Gay, M. Joindot, J. C. Simon, A. Poudoulec, M. Van der Keur, C. Devemy, D. Massoubre, J.-L. Oudar, G. Aubin, A. Shen, and J. Decobert, “Cascadability and wavelength tunability assessment of a 2R regeneration device based on a 8 channel saturable absorber module,” in National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper PDP1.

Jung, I. D.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM's) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435-453 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kane, D. J.

D. J. Kane, “Real-time measurement of ultrashort laser pulses using principal component generalized projections,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 278-284 (1998).
[CrossRef]

K. W. DeLong, R. Trebino, and D. J. Kane, “Comparison of ultrashort-pulse frequency-resolved-optical-gating traces for three common beam geometries,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 1595-1608 (1994).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Kane and R. Trebino, “Characterization of arbitrary femtosecond pulses using frequency-resolved optical gating,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 571-579 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Kang, I.

C. Dorrer and I. Kang, “High-sensitivity spectrographic method for characterizing picosecond optical pulses and data modulators,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exhibit, 2002 (OFC 2002) (IEEE, 2002), pp. FD4-1-FD4-3.
[CrossRef]

Kartner, F. X.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM's) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435-453 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kawanishi, S.

S. Kawanishi, T. Yamamoto, M. Nakazawa, and M. M. Fejer, “High sensitivity waveform measurement with optical sampling using quasi-phasematched mixing in LiNbO3 waveguide,” Electron. Lett. 37, 842-844 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kawanishi, T.

Keller, U.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM's) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435-453 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kopf, D.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM's) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435-453 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Krug, T.

Labbe, C.

M. Gicquel-Guezo, S. Loualiche, J. Even, C. Labbe, O. Dehaese, A. Le Corre, H. Folliot, and Y. Pellan, “290fs switching time of Fe-doped quantum well saturable absorbers in a microcavity in 1.55μm range,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5926-5928 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lacourt, P.-A.

P.-A. Lacourt, M. Hanna, and J. M. Dudley, “Broad-band and ultrasensitive pulse characterization using frequency-resolved optical gating via four-wave mixing in a semiconductor optical amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 157-159 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Le, Q. T.

L. Bramerie, Q. T. Le, S. Lobo, M. Gay, M. Joindot, J. C. Simon, A. Poudoulec, M. Van der Keur, C. Devemy, D. Massoubre, J.-L. Oudar, G. Aubin, A. Shen, and J. Decobert, “Cascadability and wavelength tunability assessment of a 2R regeneration device based on a 8 channel saturable absorber module,” in National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper PDP1.

Le Corre, A.

M. Gicquel-Guezo, S. Loualiche, J. Even, C. Labbe, O. Dehaese, A. Le Corre, H. Folliot, and Y. Pellan, “290fs switching time of Fe-doped quantum well saturable absorbers in a microcavity in 1.55μm range,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5926-5928 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Li, L.

Lobo, S.

L. Bramerie, Q. T. Le, S. Lobo, M. Gay, M. Joindot, J. C. Simon, A. Poudoulec, M. Van der Keur, C. Devemy, D. Massoubre, J.-L. Oudar, G. Aubin, A. Shen, and J. Decobert, “Cascadability and wavelength tunability assessment of a 2R regeneration device based on a 8 channel saturable absorber module,” in National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper PDP1.

Loualiche, S.

M. Gicquel-Guezo, S. Loualiche, J. Even, C. Labbe, O. Dehaese, A. Le Corre, H. Folliot, and Y. Pellan, “290fs switching time of Fe-doped quantum well saturable absorbers in a microcavity in 1.55μm range,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5926-5928 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lucero, A. J.

Ludwig, R.

S. Diez, R. Ludwig, C. Schmidt, U. Feiste, and H. G. Weber, “160-Gb/s optical sampling by gain-transparent four-wave mixing in a semiconductor optical amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1402-1404 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Lynch, M.

Maguire, P. J.

Massoubre, D.

L. Bramerie, Q. T. Le, S. Lobo, M. Gay, M. Joindot, J. C. Simon, A. Poudoulec, M. Van der Keur, C. Devemy, D. Massoubre, J.-L. Oudar, G. Aubin, A. Shen, and J. Decobert, “Cascadability and wavelength tunability assessment of a 2R regeneration device based on a 8 channel saturable absorber module,” in National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper PDP1.

Matuschek, N.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM's) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435-453 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Miyazaki, T.

T. Kawanishi, T. Sakamoto, T. Miyazaki, M. Izutsu, T. Fujita, S. Mori, K. Higuma, and J. Ichikawa, “High-speed optical DQPSK and FSK modulation using integrated Mach-Zehnder interferometers,” Opt. Express 14, 4469-4478 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Otani, T. Miyazaki, and S. Yamamoto, “Optical 3R regenerator using wavelength converters based on electroabsorption modulator for all-optical network applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 431-433 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Mori, S.

Mork, J.

Nakazawa, M.

S. Kawanishi, T. Yamamoto, M. Nakazawa, and M. M. Fejer, “High sensitivity waveform measurement with optical sampling using quasi-phasematched mixing in LiNbO3 waveguide,” Electron. Lett. 37, 842-844 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Nelson, B. P.

B. P. Nelson and N. J. Doran, “Optical sampling oscilloscope using nonlinear fibre loop mirror,” Electron. Lett. 27, 204-205 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Nik, A. M.

L. K. Oxenlowe, E. Hilliger, A. Tersigni, A. M. Nik, S. Hojfeldt, F. Romstad, K. Yvind, P. M. W. Skovgaard, K. Hoppe, and J. Hanberg, “All-optical demultiplexing and wavelength conversion in an electroabsorption modulator,” in 27th European Conference on Optical Communication, 2001 (ECOC '01) (IEEE, 2001), Vol. 4, pp. 604-605.

Nishimura, K.

K. Nishimura, M. Tsurusawa, and M. Usami, “Novel all-optical 3R regenerator using cross-absorption modulation in RF-driven electroabsorption waveguide,” in 27th European Conference on Optical Communication, 2001 (ECOC '01) (IEEE, 2001), Vol. 3, pp. 286-287.

Nissov, M.

O'Dowd, J.

Otani, T.

T. Otani, T. Miyazaki, and S. Yamamoto, “Optical 3R regenerator using wavelength converters based on electroabsorption modulator for all-optical network applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 431-433 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Oudar, J.-L.

L. Bramerie, Q. T. Le, S. Lobo, M. Gay, M. Joindot, J. C. Simon, A. Poudoulec, M. Van der Keur, C. Devemy, D. Massoubre, J.-L. Oudar, G. Aubin, A. Shen, and J. Decobert, “Cascadability and wavelength tunability assessment of a 2R regeneration device based on a 8 channel saturable absorber module,” in National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper PDP1.

Oxenlowe, L. K.

L. K. Oxenlowe, E. Hilliger, A. Tersigni, A. M. Nik, S. Hojfeldt, F. Romstad, K. Yvind, P. M. W. Skovgaard, K. Hoppe, and J. Hanberg, “All-optical demultiplexing and wavelength conversion in an electroabsorption modulator,” in 27th European Conference on Optical Communication, 2001 (ECOC '01) (IEEE, 2001), Vol. 4, pp. 604-605.

Patterson, W. W.

Pellan, Y.

M. Gicquel-Guezo, S. Loualiche, J. Even, C. Labbe, O. Dehaese, A. Le Corre, H. Folliot, and Y. Pellan, “290fs switching time of Fe-doped quantum well saturable absorbers in a microcavity in 1.55μm range,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5926-5928 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Pilipetskii, A. N.

Poudoulec, A.

L. Bramerie, Q. T. Le, S. Lobo, M. Gay, M. Joindot, J. C. Simon, A. Poudoulec, M. Van der Keur, C. Devemy, D. Massoubre, J.-L. Oudar, G. Aubin, A. Shen, and J. Decobert, “Cascadability and wavelength tunability assessment of a 2R regeneration device based on a 8 channel saturable absorber module,” in National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper PDP1.

Reid, D.

D. Reid and J. Harvey, “Linear spectrograms using electrooptic modulators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 535-537 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Romstad, F.

L. K. Oxenlowe, E. Hilliger, A. Tersigni, A. M. Nik, S. Hojfeldt, F. Romstad, K. Yvind, P. M. W. Skovgaard, K. Hoppe, and J. Hanberg, “All-optical demultiplexing and wavelength conversion in an electroabsorption modulator,” in 27th European Conference on Optical Communication, 2001 (ECOC '01) (IEEE, 2001), Vol. 4, pp. 604-605.

Sakamoto, T.

Schmidt, C.

S. Diez, R. Ludwig, C. Schmidt, U. Feiste, and H. G. Weber, “160-Gb/s optical sampling by gain-transparent four-wave mixing in a semiconductor optical amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1402-1404 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Shen, A.

L. Bramerie, Q. T. Le, S. Lobo, M. Gay, M. Joindot, J. C. Simon, A. Poudoulec, M. Van der Keur, C. Devemy, D. Massoubre, J.-L. Oudar, G. Aubin, A. Shen, and J. Decobert, “Cascadability and wavelength tunability assessment of a 2R regeneration device based on a 8 channel saturable absorber module,” in National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper PDP1.

Simon, J. C.

L. Bramerie, Q. T. Le, S. Lobo, M. Gay, M. Joindot, J. C. Simon, A. Poudoulec, M. Van der Keur, C. Devemy, D. Massoubre, J.-L. Oudar, G. Aubin, A. Shen, and J. Decobert, “Cascadability and wavelength tunability assessment of a 2R regeneration device based on a 8 channel saturable absorber module,” in National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper PDP1.

Skold, M.

M. Skold, M. Westlund, H. Sunnerud, and P. A. Andrekson, “100 GSample/s optical real-time sampling system with Nyquist-limited bandwidth,” presented at the 33rd European Conference on Optical Communication, Berlin, Germany, 16-20 September 2007, post deadline paper PDP1.1.

Skovgaard, P. M. W.

L. K. Oxenlowe, E. Hilliger, A. Tersigni, A. M. Nik, S. Hojfeldt, F. Romstad, K. Yvind, P. M. W. Skovgaard, K. Hoppe, and J. Hanberg, “All-optical demultiplexing and wavelength conversion in an electroabsorption modulator,” in 27th European Conference on Optical Communication, 2001 (ECOC '01) (IEEE, 2001), Vol. 4, pp. 604-605.

Sunnerud, H.

M. Skold, M. Westlund, H. Sunnerud, and P. A. Andrekson, “100 GSample/s optical real-time sampling system with Nyquist-limited bandwidth,” presented at the 33rd European Conference on Optical Communication, Berlin, Germany, 16-20 September 2007, post deadline paper PDP1.1.

Tersigni, A.

L. K. Oxenlowe, E. Hilliger, A. Tersigni, A. M. Nik, S. Hojfeldt, F. Romstad, K. Yvind, P. M. W. Skovgaard, K. Hoppe, and J. Hanberg, “All-optical demultiplexing and wavelength conversion in an electroabsorption modulator,” in 27th European Conference on Optical Communication, 2001 (ECOC '01) (IEEE, 2001), Vol. 4, pp. 604-605.

Thomson, M. D.

Trebino, R.

K. W. DeLong, R. Trebino, and D. J. Kane, “Comparison of ultrashort-pulse frequency-resolved-optical-gating traces for three common beam geometries,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 1595-1608 (1994).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Kane and R. Trebino, “Characterization of arbitrary femtosecond pulses using frequency-resolved optical gating,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 571-579 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Tsurusawa, M.

K. Nishimura, M. Tsurusawa, and M. Usami, “Novel all-optical 3R regenerator using cross-absorption modulation in RF-driven electroabsorption waveguide,” in 27th European Conference on Optical Communication, 2001 (ECOC '01) (IEEE, 2001), Vol. 3, pp. 286-287.

Usami, M.

K. Nishimura, M. Tsurusawa, and M. Usami, “Novel all-optical 3R regenerator using cross-absorption modulation in RF-driven electroabsorption waveguide,” in 27th European Conference on Optical Communication, 2001 (ECOC '01) (IEEE, 2001), Vol. 3, pp. 286-287.

Van der Keur, M.

L. Bramerie, Q. T. Le, S. Lobo, M. Gay, M. Joindot, J. C. Simon, A. Poudoulec, M. Van der Keur, C. Devemy, D. Massoubre, J.-L. Oudar, G. Aubin, A. Shen, and J. Decobert, “Cascadability and wavelength tunability assessment of a 2R regeneration device based on a 8 channel saturable absorber module,” in National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper PDP1.

Walmsley, I. A.

Weber, H. G.

S. Diez, R. Ludwig, C. Schmidt, U. Feiste, and H. G. Weber, “160-Gb/s optical sampling by gain-transparent four-wave mixing in a semiconductor optical amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1402-1404 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Weingarten, K. J.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM's) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435-453 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Westlund, M.

M. Skold, M. Westlund, H. Sunnerud, and P. A. Andrekson, “100 GSample/s optical real-time sampling system with Nyquist-limited bandwidth,” presented at the 33rd European Conference on Optical Communication, Berlin, Germany, 16-20 September 2007, post deadline paper PDP1.1.

Yamamoto, S.

T. Otani, T. Miyazaki, and S. Yamamoto, “Optical 3R regenerator using wavelength converters based on electroabsorption modulator for all-optical network applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 431-433 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Yamamoto, T.

S. Kawanishi, T. Yamamoto, M. Nakazawa, and M. M. Fejer, “High sensitivity waveform measurement with optical sampling using quasi-phasematched mixing in LiNbO3 waveguide,” Electron. Lett. 37, 842-844 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Yi, C.

Yvind, K.

L. K. Oxenlowe, E. Hilliger, A. Tersigni, A. M. Nik, S. Hojfeldt, F. Romstad, K. Yvind, P. M. W. Skovgaard, K. Hoppe, and J. Hanberg, “All-optical demultiplexing and wavelength conversion in an electroabsorption modulator,” in 27th European Conference on Optical Communication, 2001 (ECOC '01) (IEEE, 2001), Vol. 4, pp. 604-605.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

M. Gicquel-Guezo, S. Loualiche, J. Even, C. Labbe, O. Dehaese, A. Le Corre, H. Folliot, and Y. Pellan, “290fs switching time of Fe-doped quantum well saturable absorbers in a microcavity in 1.55μm range,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5926-5928 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (4)

B. P. Nelson and N. J. Doran, “Optical sampling oscilloscope using nonlinear fibre loop mirror,” Electron. Lett. 27, 204-205 (1991).
[CrossRef]

P. A. Andrekson, “Picosecond optical sampling using four-wave mixing in fibre,” Electron. Lett. 27, 1440-1441 (1991).
[CrossRef]

S. Kawanishi, T. Yamamoto, M. Nakazawa, and M. M. Fejer, “High sensitivity waveform measurement with optical sampling using quasi-phasematched mixing in LiNbO3 waveguide,” Electron. Lett. 37, 842-844 (2001).
[CrossRef]

P. J. Maguire, L. P. Barry, T. Krug, M. Lynch, A. L. Bradley, J. F. Donegan, and H. Folliot, “All-optical sampling utilising two-photon absorption in semiconductor microcavity,” Electron. Lett. 41, 489-490 (2005).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

D. J. Kane and R. Trebino, “Characterization of arbitrary femtosecond pulses using frequency-resolved optical gating,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 571-579 (1993).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (2)

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM's) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435-453 (1996).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Kane, “Real-time measurement of ultrashort laser pulses using principal component generalized projections,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 278-284 (1998).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (4)

D. Reid and J. Harvey, “Linear spectrograms using electrooptic modulators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 535-537 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P.-A. Lacourt, M. Hanna, and J. M. Dudley, “Broad-band and ultrasensitive pulse characterization using frequency-resolved optical gating via four-wave mixing in a semiconductor optical amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 157-159 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Diez, R. Ludwig, C. Schmidt, U. Feiste, and H. G. Weber, “160-Gb/s optical sampling by gain-transparent four-wave mixing in a semiconductor optical amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1402-1404 (1999).
[CrossRef]

T. Otani, T. Miyazaki, and S. Yamamoto, “Optical 3R regenerator using wavelength converters based on electroabsorption modulator for all-optical network applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 431-433 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (3)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Other (5)

C. Dorrer and I. Kang, “High-sensitivity spectrographic method for characterizing picosecond optical pulses and data modulators,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exhibit, 2002 (OFC 2002) (IEEE, 2002), pp. FD4-1-FD4-3.
[CrossRef]

L. K. Oxenlowe, E. Hilliger, A. Tersigni, A. M. Nik, S. Hojfeldt, F. Romstad, K. Yvind, P. M. W. Skovgaard, K. Hoppe, and J. Hanberg, “All-optical demultiplexing and wavelength conversion in an electroabsorption modulator,” in 27th European Conference on Optical Communication, 2001 (ECOC '01) (IEEE, 2001), Vol. 4, pp. 604-605.

K. Nishimura, M. Tsurusawa, and M. Usami, “Novel all-optical 3R regenerator using cross-absorption modulation in RF-driven electroabsorption waveguide,” in 27th European Conference on Optical Communication, 2001 (ECOC '01) (IEEE, 2001), Vol. 3, pp. 286-287.

L. Bramerie, Q. T. Le, S. Lobo, M. Gay, M. Joindot, J. C. Simon, A. Poudoulec, M. Van der Keur, C. Devemy, D. Massoubre, J.-L. Oudar, G. Aubin, A. Shen, and J. Decobert, “Cascadability and wavelength tunability assessment of a 2R regeneration device based on a 8 channel saturable absorber module,” in National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper PDP1.

M. Skold, M. Westlund, H. Sunnerud, and P. A. Andrekson, “100 GSample/s optical real-time sampling system with Nyquist-limited bandwidth,” presented at the 33rd European Conference on Optical Communication, Berlin, Germany, 16-20 September 2007, post deadline paper PDP1.1.

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Figures (15)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Principle of optical sampling.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Saturable absorber vertical microcavity structure. (b) Saturable absorber chip and eight-fiber array used in coupling.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Reflectivity of eight fibers coupled to a saturable absorber, showing resonance dip at 1547 nm and less than 2 dB variation between channels.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Spectra of a cw signal when copropagated with a 10 GHz 2 ps sampling pulse and reflected off the MQW-SA.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Response of saturable absorber’s loss to increasing average input power from a 10 GHz 2 ps TMLL pulse at 1547 nm .

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Experimental setup used for the sampling of a 40 GHz pulse train using a saturable absorber.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Sampling of a 40 GHz pulse train using a saturable absorber. Results are compared with a commercial sampling oscilloscope that employs FWM (Picosolve).

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

EAM transmission loss as a function of average optical input power from a 10 GHz 2 ps TMLL pulse at 1550 nm . The EAM was biased at 3 V .

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Experimental setup used for the sampling of a 10 GHz pulse train using an electroabsorption modulator.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Impulse response of EAM sampling compared with SA sampling and a commercial OSO.

Fig. 11
Fig. 11

XAM-FROG setup using an EAM.

Fig. 12
Fig. 12

Spectrogram measured using XAM-FROG.

Fig. 13
Fig. 13

TMLL intensity (left) and phase (right) profile measured by XAM-FROG (solid) and SHG-FROG (dashed).

Fig. 14
Fig. 14

Recovered pulse spectrum (circles) compared with an OSA measurement (solid).

Fig. 15
Fig. 15

XAM gate function supplied by optically pumped EAM.

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