Abstract

We first investigate the nonlinear optical response of a five-level tripod atomic system in electromagnetically induced transparency and then propose a 3-qubit phase gate protocol based on the fifth-order nonlinearity. The cross-phase modulation among the three weak fields induced by the fifth-order nonlinearity in electromagnetically induced transparency can produce the phase shift of order π, which can be used to realize the 3-qubit polarization phase gate. This protocol should have potential applications in quantum information processing.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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