Abstract

Large and periodically corrugated optical waveguide structures are shown to possess specific modal regimes of slow-light propagation that are easily attainable. The very multimode nature of the coupling is studied by employing coupled-mode theory and the plane-wave expansion method. Given a large enough light cone, associated with a surrounding medium with low enough refractive index, we notably identify a critical slowdown regime with an interesting bandwidth-slowdown product. Essential features of these original systems are further explored: the nature of the coupled modes, the role of gain, symmetry effects, polarization, and relation with photonic-crystal systems. Practical systems are introduced using finite-difference time-domain methods, which provides first-order rules for the use of the above phenomena and their implementation in devices.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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