Abstract

We report the nonlinear absorption, nonlinear scattering, nonlinear refraction, and optical limiting effects in two semiconductor suspensions formed by nanowires of Bi2S3 and nanometer-sized hollow spheres of CuS with nanosecond incident lasers when the incident photon energy (2.33eV) is above the bandgap. The nonlinear scattering and nonlinear absorption processes were regarded as the mechanisms of the optical limiting effects. With the large positive nonlinear refractive index of those suspensions given by our Z-scan studies, we believed that the nonlinear variation of the refractive index mismatch is one of the reasonable origins of nonlinear scattering. Then, based on the combined effects of nonlinear scattering and absorption, the broadband optical limiting effects in those suspensions were observed. Two Bi2S3 nanowires with different morphologies have similar optical limiting properties.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. L. W. Tutt and T. F. Boggess, “A review of optical limiting mechanisms and devices using organics, fullerenes, semiconductors and other materials,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 17, 299-338 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  2. R. C. Hollins, “Materials for optical limiters,” Curr. Opin. Solid State Mater. Sci. 4, 189-196 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  3. R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyansky, R. I. Tugushev, and T. Usmanov, “Investigation of nonlinear refraction and nonlinear absorption of semiconductor nanoparticle solutions prepared by laser ablation,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 5, 409-417 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  4. S. Creekmore, J. T. Seo, Q. Yang, Q. Wang, J. Anderson, C. Pompey, D. Temple, X. Peng, J. L. Qu, W. Yu, A. Wang, A. Mott, M. Namkung, S. S. Jung, and J. H. Kim, “Nonlinear optical properties of cadmium telluride semiconductor nanocrystals for optical power-limiting application,” J. Korean Phys. Soc. 42, S143-S148 (2003).
  5. A. M. Whelan, S. Benrezzak, M. E. Brennan, J. M. Kelly, and W. J. Blau, “Nonlinear optical properties of metal and semiconductor nanoparticles,” Proc. SPIE 4876, 1257-1264 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  6. W. L. Jia, E. P. Douglas, F. G. Guo, and W. F. Sun, “Optical limiting of semiconductor nanoparticles for nanosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 6326-6328 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  7. R. A. Ganeev, M. Baba, M. Morita, D. Rau, H. Fujii, A. I. Ryasnyansky, N. Ishizawa, M. Suzuki, and H. Kuroda, “Nonlinear optical properties of CdS and ZnS nanoparticles doped into zirconium oxide films,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 6, 447-453 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  8. N. Venkatram, D. N. Rao, and M. A. Akundi, “Nonlinear absorption, scattering and optical limiting studies of CdS nanoparticles,” Opt. Express 13, 867-872 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. Q. S. Li, C. L. Liu, Z. G. Liu, and Q. H. Gong, “Broadband optical limiting and two-photon absorption properties of colloidal GaAs nanocrystals,” Opt. Express 13, 1833-1838 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. N. Venkatram, R. S. S. Kumar, and D. N. Rao, “Nonlinear absorption and scattering properties of cadmium sulphide nanocrystals with its application as a potential optical limiter,” J. Appl. Phys. 100, 074309-1-8 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  11. A. D. Lad, P. P. Kiran, D. More, G. R. Kumar, and S. Mahamuni, “Two-photon absorption in ZnSe and ZnSe/ZnS core/shell quantum structures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 043126 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  12. L. Y. Pan, N. Tamai, K. Kamada, and S. Deki, “Nonlinear optical properties of thiol-capped CdTe quantum dots in nonresonant region,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 051902 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  13. L. Irimpan, V. P. N. Nampoori, P. Radhakrishnan, B. Krishnan, and A. Deepthy, “Size-dependent enhancement of nonlinear optical properties in nanocolloids of ZnO,” J. Appl. Phys. 103, 033105 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  14. G. S. He, K. T. Yong, Q. D. Zheng, Y. Sahoo, A. Baev, A. I. Ryasnyanskiy, and P. N. Prasad, “Multi-photon excitation properties of CdSe quantum dots solutions and optical limiting behavior in infrared range,” Opt. Express 15, 12818-12833 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. L. A. Padilha, J. Fu, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, C. L. Cesar, L. C. Barbosa, C. H. B. Cruz, D. Buso, and A. Martucci, “Frequency degenerate and nondegenerate two-photon absorption spectra of semiconductor quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. B 75, 075325 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  16. Y. D. Zhang, J. J. Zhu, Y. J. Zhang, P. Yuan, and X. T. Sun, “Nonlinear absorption of Bi2S3 and NiS semiconductor nano-particles,” Chin. J. Semicond. 26, 13-16 (2005).
  17. Q. Chang, C. Chang, X. R. Zhang, H. G. Ye, G. A. Shi, W. Zhang, Y. X. Wang, X. Q. Xin, and Y. L. Song, “Enhanced optical limiting properties in suspensions of CdO nanowires,” Opt. Commun. 274, 201-205 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  18. S. M. King, S. Chaure, J. Doyle, A. Colli, A. C. Ferrari, and W. J. Blau, “Scattering induced optical limiting in Si/SiO2 nanostructure dispersions,” Opt. Commun. 276, 305-309 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  19. K. Mansour, M. J. Soileau, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Nonlinear optical properties of carbon black suspensions (ink),” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 1100-1109 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  20. L. Vivien, P. Lancon, D. Riehl, F. Hache, and E. Anglaret, “Carbon nanotubes for optical limiting,” Carbon 40, 1789-1797 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  21. S. M. O'Flaherty, R. Murphy, S. V. Hold, M. Cadek, J. N. Coleman, and W. J. Blau, “Material investigation and optical limiting properties of carbon nanotube and nanoparticle dispersions,” J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 958-964 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  22. H. Pan, W. Z. Chen, Y. P. Feng, W. Ji, and J. Y. Lin, “Optical limiting properties of metal nanowires,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 223106 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  23. V. Joudrier, P. Bourdon, F. Hache, and C. Flytzanis, “Characterization of nonlinear scattering in colloidal suspensions of silica particles,” Appl. Phys. B 70, 105-109 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  24. V. Joudrier, P. Bourdon, F. Hache, and C. Flytzanis, “Nonlinear light scattering in a two-component medium: optical limiting application,” Appl. Phys. B 67, 627-632 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  25. Q. S. Li, C. L. Liu, L. Y. Zang, Q. H. Gong, X. L. Yu, and C. B. Cao, “Broadband optical limiting in the suspensions of lead sulfide nanoparticles,” Laser Phys. 18, 434-437 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  26. R. He, X. F. Qian, J. Yin, and Z. K. Zhu, “Preparation of Bi2S3 nanowhiskers and their morphologies,” J. Cryst. Growth 252, 505-510 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  27. M. V. Artemyev, V. S. Gurin, K. V. Yumashev, P. V. Prokoshin, and A. M. Maljarevich, “Picosecond absorption spectroscopy of surface modified copper sulfide nanocrystals in polymeric film,” J. Appl. Phys. 80, 7028-7035 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  28. X. L. Yu, C. B. Cao, and H. S. Zhu, “Synthesis and photoluminescence properties of Bi2S3 nanowires via surfactant micelle-template inducing reaction,” Solid State Commun. 134, 239-243 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  29. X. L. Yu, C. B. Cao, H. S. Zhu, Q. S. Li, C. L. Liu, and Q. H. Gong, “Nanometer-sized copper sulfide hollow spheres with strong optical-limiting properties,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 17, 1397-1401 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  30. C. Li, C. L. Liu, F. S. Li, and Q. H. Gong, “Optical limiting performance of two soluble multi-walled carbon nanotubes,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 380, 201-205 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  31. M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 760-769 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  32. K. S. Bindra, “Influence of free carrier refraction due to linear absorption on Z-scan study of porous Si,” Opt. Commun. 246, 421-427 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  33. J. C. W. Folmer and F. Jellinek, “The valence of copper in sulphides and selenides: an x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy study,” J. Less-Common Met. 76, 153-162 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  34. A. Cantarero, J. Martinez-Pastor, A. Segura, and A. Chevy, “Transport properties of bismuth sulfide single crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 35, 9586-9590 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  35. G. B. Al'tshuler, V. S. Ermolaev, K. I. Krylov, A. A. Manenkov, and A. M. Prokhorov, “Self-transparency effects in heterogeneous nonlinear scattering media and their possible use in lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 3, 660-667 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  36. N. C. Kothari, “Nonlinear light propagation in a two-component heterogeneous medium,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5, 2348-2356 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  37. M. Medles, N. Benramdane, A. Bouzidi, A. Nakrela, H. Tabet-Derraz, Z. Kebbab, C. Mathieu, B. Khelifa, and R. Desfeux, “Optical and electrical properties of Bi2S3 films deposited by spray pyrolysis,” Thin Solid Films 497, 58-64 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  38. H. E. Merwin, “Covellite: a singular case of chromatic reflection,” J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 5, 341-344 (1915).
  39. S. K. TiWari, M. P. Joshi, M. Laghate, and S. C. Mehendale, “Role of host liquid in optical limiting in ink suspensions,” Opt. Laser Technol. 34, 487-491 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  40. R. L. Sutherland, Handbook of Nonlinear Optics (Marcel Dekker, Inc., 2003).
    [CrossRef]
  41. D. F. Prelewitz and T. G. Brown, “Optical limiting and free-carrier dynamics in a periodic semiconductor waveguide,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 304-312 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  42. P. Brochard, V. Grolier-Mazza, and R. Gabanel, “Thermal nonlinear refraction in dye solutions: a study of the transient regime,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 405-414 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  43. S. Q. Chen, Z. B. Liu, W. Y. Zhou, J. G. Tian, W. P. Zang, F. Song, and C. P. Zhang, “The influence of pulse width on transient thermally induced optical nonlinearities in a Kerr nonlinear medium,” Acta Phys. Sin. 53, 3577-3582 (2004).
  44. R. W. Boyd, Nonlinear Optics (Academic, 1992).
  45. Y. D. Zhang, B. Cao, H. G. Zhang, and J. J. Zhu, “Optical limiting performances of PbS nano-particles at 532 nm,” Proc. SPIE 6029, 602909 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  46. K. J. McEwan, P. K. Milsom, and D. B. James, “Nonlinear optical effects in carbon suspensions,” Proc. SPIE 3472, 42-52 (1998).
    [CrossRef]

2008 (3)

A. D. Lad, P. P. Kiran, D. More, G. R. Kumar, and S. Mahamuni, “Two-photon absorption in ZnSe and ZnSe/ZnS core/shell quantum structures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 043126 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. Irimpan, V. P. N. Nampoori, P. Radhakrishnan, B. Krishnan, and A. Deepthy, “Size-dependent enhancement of nonlinear optical properties in nanocolloids of ZnO,” J. Appl. Phys. 103, 033105 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Q. S. Li, C. L. Liu, L. Y. Zang, Q. H. Gong, X. L. Yu, and C. B. Cao, “Broadband optical limiting in the suspensions of lead sulfide nanoparticles,” Laser Phys. 18, 434-437 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (6)

X. L. Yu, C. B. Cao, H. S. Zhu, Q. S. Li, C. L. Liu, and Q. H. Gong, “Nanometer-sized copper sulfide hollow spheres with strong optical-limiting properties,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 17, 1397-1401 (2007).
[CrossRef]

L. A. Padilha, J. Fu, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, C. L. Cesar, L. C. Barbosa, C. H. B. Cruz, D. Buso, and A. Martucci, “Frequency degenerate and nondegenerate two-photon absorption spectra of semiconductor quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. B 75, 075325 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Q. Chang, C. Chang, X. R. Zhang, H. G. Ye, G. A. Shi, W. Zhang, Y. X. Wang, X. Q. Xin, and Y. L. Song, “Enhanced optical limiting properties in suspensions of CdO nanowires,” Opt. Commun. 274, 201-205 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. M. King, S. Chaure, J. Doyle, A. Colli, A. C. Ferrari, and W. J. Blau, “Scattering induced optical limiting in Si/SiO2 nanostructure dispersions,” Opt. Commun. 276, 305-309 (2007).
[CrossRef]

L. Y. Pan, N. Tamai, K. Kamada, and S. Deki, “Nonlinear optical properties of thiol-capped CdTe quantum dots in nonresonant region,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 051902 (2007).
[CrossRef]

G. S. He, K. T. Yong, Q. D. Zheng, Y. Sahoo, A. Baev, A. I. Ryasnyanskiy, and P. N. Prasad, “Multi-photon excitation properties of CdSe quantum dots solutions and optical limiting behavior in infrared range,” Opt. Express 15, 12818-12833 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (3)

N. Venkatram, R. S. S. Kumar, and D. N. Rao, “Nonlinear absorption and scattering properties of cadmium sulphide nanocrystals with its application as a potential optical limiter,” J. Appl. Phys. 100, 074309-1-8 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. Pan, W. Z. Chen, Y. P. Feng, W. Ji, and J. Y. Lin, “Optical limiting properties of metal nanowires,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 223106 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Medles, N. Benramdane, A. Bouzidi, A. Nakrela, H. Tabet-Derraz, Z. Kebbab, C. Mathieu, B. Khelifa, and R. Desfeux, “Optical and electrical properties of Bi2S3 films deposited by spray pyrolysis,” Thin Solid Films 497, 58-64 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (6)

Y. D. Zhang, B. Cao, H. G. Zhang, and J. J. Zhu, “Optical limiting performances of PbS nano-particles at 532 nm,” Proc. SPIE 6029, 602909 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. S. Bindra, “Influence of free carrier refraction due to linear absorption on Z-scan study of porous Si,” Opt. Commun. 246, 421-427 (2005).
[CrossRef]

X. L. Yu, C. B. Cao, and H. S. Zhu, “Synthesis and photoluminescence properties of Bi2S3 nanowires via surfactant micelle-template inducing reaction,” Solid State Commun. 134, 239-243 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. D. Zhang, J. J. Zhu, Y. J. Zhang, P. Yuan, and X. T. Sun, “Nonlinear absorption of Bi2S3 and NiS semiconductor nano-particles,” Chin. J. Semicond. 26, 13-16 (2005).

N. Venkatram, D. N. Rao, and M. A. Akundi, “Nonlinear absorption, scattering and optical limiting studies of CdS nanoparticles,” Opt. Express 13, 867-872 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. S. Li, C. L. Liu, Z. G. Liu, and Q. H. Gong, “Broadband optical limiting and two-photon absorption properties of colloidal GaAs nanocrystals,” Opt. Express 13, 1833-1838 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (3)

W. L. Jia, E. P. Douglas, F. G. Guo, and W. F. Sun, “Optical limiting of semiconductor nanoparticles for nanosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 6326-6328 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Ganeev, M. Baba, M. Morita, D. Rau, H. Fujii, A. I. Ryasnyansky, N. Ishizawa, M. Suzuki, and H. Kuroda, “Nonlinear optical properties of CdS and ZnS nanoparticles doped into zirconium oxide films,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 6, 447-453 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Q. Chen, Z. B. Liu, W. Y. Zhou, J. G. Tian, W. P. Zang, F. Song, and C. P. Zhang, “The influence of pulse width on transient thermally induced optical nonlinearities in a Kerr nonlinear medium,” Acta Phys. Sin. 53, 3577-3582 (2004).

2003 (6)

C. Li, C. L. Liu, F. S. Li, and Q. H. Gong, “Optical limiting performance of two soluble multi-walled carbon nanotubes,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 380, 201-205 (2003).
[CrossRef]

R. He, X. F. Qian, J. Yin, and Z. K. Zhu, “Preparation of Bi2S3 nanowhiskers and their morphologies,” J. Cryst. Growth 252, 505-510 (2003).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyansky, R. I. Tugushev, and T. Usmanov, “Investigation of nonlinear refraction and nonlinear absorption of semiconductor nanoparticle solutions prepared by laser ablation,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 5, 409-417 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. Creekmore, J. T. Seo, Q. Yang, Q. Wang, J. Anderson, C. Pompey, D. Temple, X. Peng, J. L. Qu, W. Yu, A. Wang, A. Mott, M. Namkung, S. S. Jung, and J. H. Kim, “Nonlinear optical properties of cadmium telluride semiconductor nanocrystals for optical power-limiting application,” J. Korean Phys. Soc. 42, S143-S148 (2003).

A. M. Whelan, S. Benrezzak, M. E. Brennan, J. M. Kelly, and W. J. Blau, “Nonlinear optical properties of metal and semiconductor nanoparticles,” Proc. SPIE 4876, 1257-1264 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. M. O'Flaherty, R. Murphy, S. V. Hold, M. Cadek, J. N. Coleman, and W. J. Blau, “Material investigation and optical limiting properties of carbon nanotube and nanoparticle dispersions,” J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 958-964 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

L. Vivien, P. Lancon, D. Riehl, F. Hache, and E. Anglaret, “Carbon nanotubes for optical limiting,” Carbon 40, 1789-1797 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. K. TiWari, M. P. Joshi, M. Laghate, and S. C. Mehendale, “Role of host liquid in optical limiting in ink suspensions,” Opt. Laser Technol. 34, 487-491 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

V. Joudrier, P. Bourdon, F. Hache, and C. Flytzanis, “Characterization of nonlinear scattering in colloidal suspensions of silica particles,” Appl. Phys. B 70, 105-109 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

R. C. Hollins, “Materials for optical limiters,” Curr. Opin. Solid State Mater. Sci. 4, 189-196 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

V. Joudrier, P. Bourdon, F. Hache, and C. Flytzanis, “Nonlinear light scattering in a two-component medium: optical limiting application,” Appl. Phys. B 67, 627-632 (1998).
[CrossRef]

K. J. McEwan, P. K. Milsom, and D. B. James, “Nonlinear optical effects in carbon suspensions,” Proc. SPIE 3472, 42-52 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

1996 (1)

M. V. Artemyev, V. S. Gurin, K. V. Yumashev, P. V. Prokoshin, and A. M. Maljarevich, “Picosecond absorption spectroscopy of surface modified copper sulfide nanocrystals in polymeric film,” J. Appl. Phys. 80, 7028-7035 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

1993 (1)

L. W. Tutt and T. F. Boggess, “A review of optical limiting mechanisms and devices using organics, fullerenes, semiconductors and other materials,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 17, 299-338 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

1990 (1)

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 760-769 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1988 (1)

1987 (1)

A. Cantarero, J. Martinez-Pastor, A. Segura, and A. Chevy, “Transport properties of bismuth sulfide single crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 35, 9586-9590 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

1980 (1)

J. C. W. Folmer and F. Jellinek, “The valence of copper in sulphides and selenides: an x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy study,” J. Less-Common Met. 76, 153-162 (1980).
[CrossRef]

1915 (1)

H. E. Merwin, “Covellite: a singular case of chromatic reflection,” J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 5, 341-344 (1915).

Akundi, M. A.

Al'tshuler, G. B.

Anderson, J.

S. Creekmore, J. T. Seo, Q. Yang, Q. Wang, J. Anderson, C. Pompey, D. Temple, X. Peng, J. L. Qu, W. Yu, A. Wang, A. Mott, M. Namkung, S. S. Jung, and J. H. Kim, “Nonlinear optical properties of cadmium telluride semiconductor nanocrystals for optical power-limiting application,” J. Korean Phys. Soc. 42, S143-S148 (2003).

Anglaret, E.

L. Vivien, P. Lancon, D. Riehl, F. Hache, and E. Anglaret, “Carbon nanotubes for optical limiting,” Carbon 40, 1789-1797 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Artemyev, M. V.

M. V. Artemyev, V. S. Gurin, K. V. Yumashev, P. V. Prokoshin, and A. M. Maljarevich, “Picosecond absorption spectroscopy of surface modified copper sulfide nanocrystals in polymeric film,” J. Appl. Phys. 80, 7028-7035 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Baba, M.

R. A. Ganeev, M. Baba, M. Morita, D. Rau, H. Fujii, A. I. Ryasnyansky, N. Ishizawa, M. Suzuki, and H. Kuroda, “Nonlinear optical properties of CdS and ZnS nanoparticles doped into zirconium oxide films,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 6, 447-453 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Baev, A.

Barbosa, L. C.

L. A. Padilha, J. Fu, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, C. L. Cesar, L. C. Barbosa, C. H. B. Cruz, D. Buso, and A. Martucci, “Frequency degenerate and nondegenerate two-photon absorption spectra of semiconductor quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. B 75, 075325 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Benramdane, N.

M. Medles, N. Benramdane, A. Bouzidi, A. Nakrela, H. Tabet-Derraz, Z. Kebbab, C. Mathieu, B. Khelifa, and R. Desfeux, “Optical and electrical properties of Bi2S3 films deposited by spray pyrolysis,” Thin Solid Films 497, 58-64 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Benrezzak, S.

A. M. Whelan, S. Benrezzak, M. E. Brennan, J. M. Kelly, and W. J. Blau, “Nonlinear optical properties of metal and semiconductor nanoparticles,” Proc. SPIE 4876, 1257-1264 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Bindra, K. S.

K. S. Bindra, “Influence of free carrier refraction due to linear absorption on Z-scan study of porous Si,” Opt. Commun. 246, 421-427 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Blau, W. J.

S. M. King, S. Chaure, J. Doyle, A. Colli, A. C. Ferrari, and W. J. Blau, “Scattering induced optical limiting in Si/SiO2 nanostructure dispersions,” Opt. Commun. 276, 305-309 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. M. O'Flaherty, R. Murphy, S. V. Hold, M. Cadek, J. N. Coleman, and W. J. Blau, “Material investigation and optical limiting properties of carbon nanotube and nanoparticle dispersions,” J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 958-964 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Whelan, S. Benrezzak, M. E. Brennan, J. M. Kelly, and W. J. Blau, “Nonlinear optical properties of metal and semiconductor nanoparticles,” Proc. SPIE 4876, 1257-1264 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Boggess, T. F.

L. W. Tutt and T. F. Boggess, “A review of optical limiting mechanisms and devices using organics, fullerenes, semiconductors and other materials,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 17, 299-338 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Bourdon, P.

V. Joudrier, P. Bourdon, F. Hache, and C. Flytzanis, “Characterization of nonlinear scattering in colloidal suspensions of silica particles,” Appl. Phys. B 70, 105-109 (2000).
[CrossRef]

V. Joudrier, P. Bourdon, F. Hache, and C. Flytzanis, “Nonlinear light scattering in a two-component medium: optical limiting application,” Appl. Phys. B 67, 627-632 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Bouzidi, A.

M. Medles, N. Benramdane, A. Bouzidi, A. Nakrela, H. Tabet-Derraz, Z. Kebbab, C. Mathieu, B. Khelifa, and R. Desfeux, “Optical and electrical properties of Bi2S3 films deposited by spray pyrolysis,” Thin Solid Films 497, 58-64 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Boyd, R. W.

R. W. Boyd, Nonlinear Optics (Academic, 1992).

Brennan, M. E.

A. M. Whelan, S. Benrezzak, M. E. Brennan, J. M. Kelly, and W. J. Blau, “Nonlinear optical properties of metal and semiconductor nanoparticles,” Proc. SPIE 4876, 1257-1264 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Brochard, P.

Brown, T. G.

Buso, D.

L. A. Padilha, J. Fu, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, C. L. Cesar, L. C. Barbosa, C. H. B. Cruz, D. Buso, and A. Martucci, “Frequency degenerate and nondegenerate two-photon absorption spectra of semiconductor quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. B 75, 075325 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Cadek, M.

S. M. O'Flaherty, R. Murphy, S. V. Hold, M. Cadek, J. N. Coleman, and W. J. Blau, “Material investigation and optical limiting properties of carbon nanotube and nanoparticle dispersions,” J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 958-964 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Cantarero, A.

A. Cantarero, J. Martinez-Pastor, A. Segura, and A. Chevy, “Transport properties of bismuth sulfide single crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 35, 9586-9590 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Cao, B.

Y. D. Zhang, B. Cao, H. G. Zhang, and J. J. Zhu, “Optical limiting performances of PbS nano-particles at 532 nm,” Proc. SPIE 6029, 602909 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Cao, C. B.

Q. S. Li, C. L. Liu, L. Y. Zang, Q. H. Gong, X. L. Yu, and C. B. Cao, “Broadband optical limiting in the suspensions of lead sulfide nanoparticles,” Laser Phys. 18, 434-437 (2008).
[CrossRef]

X. L. Yu, C. B. Cao, H. S. Zhu, Q. S. Li, C. L. Liu, and Q. H. Gong, “Nanometer-sized copper sulfide hollow spheres with strong optical-limiting properties,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 17, 1397-1401 (2007).
[CrossRef]

X. L. Yu, C. B. Cao, and H. S. Zhu, “Synthesis and photoluminescence properties of Bi2S3 nanowires via surfactant micelle-template inducing reaction,” Solid State Commun. 134, 239-243 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Cesar, C. L.

L. A. Padilha, J. Fu, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, C. L. Cesar, L. C. Barbosa, C. H. B. Cruz, D. Buso, and A. Martucci, “Frequency degenerate and nondegenerate two-photon absorption spectra of semiconductor quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. B 75, 075325 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chang, C.

Q. Chang, C. Chang, X. R. Zhang, H. G. Ye, G. A. Shi, W. Zhang, Y. X. Wang, X. Q. Xin, and Y. L. Song, “Enhanced optical limiting properties in suspensions of CdO nanowires,” Opt. Commun. 274, 201-205 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chang, Q.

Q. Chang, C. Chang, X. R. Zhang, H. G. Ye, G. A. Shi, W. Zhang, Y. X. Wang, X. Q. Xin, and Y. L. Song, “Enhanced optical limiting properties in suspensions of CdO nanowires,” Opt. Commun. 274, 201-205 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chaure, S.

S. M. King, S. Chaure, J. Doyle, A. Colli, A. C. Ferrari, and W. J. Blau, “Scattering induced optical limiting in Si/SiO2 nanostructure dispersions,” Opt. Commun. 276, 305-309 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chen, S. Q.

S. Q. Chen, Z. B. Liu, W. Y. Zhou, J. G. Tian, W. P. Zang, F. Song, and C. P. Zhang, “The influence of pulse width on transient thermally induced optical nonlinearities in a Kerr nonlinear medium,” Acta Phys. Sin. 53, 3577-3582 (2004).

Chen, W. Z.

H. Pan, W. Z. Chen, Y. P. Feng, W. Ji, and J. Y. Lin, “Optical limiting properties of metal nanowires,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 223106 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chevy, A.

A. Cantarero, J. Martinez-Pastor, A. Segura, and A. Chevy, “Transport properties of bismuth sulfide single crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 35, 9586-9590 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Coleman, J. N.

S. M. O'Flaherty, R. Murphy, S. V. Hold, M. Cadek, J. N. Coleman, and W. J. Blau, “Material investigation and optical limiting properties of carbon nanotube and nanoparticle dispersions,” J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 958-964 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Colli, A.

S. M. King, S. Chaure, J. Doyle, A. Colli, A. C. Ferrari, and W. J. Blau, “Scattering induced optical limiting in Si/SiO2 nanostructure dispersions,” Opt. Commun. 276, 305-309 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Creekmore, S.

S. Creekmore, J. T. Seo, Q. Yang, Q. Wang, J. Anderson, C. Pompey, D. Temple, X. Peng, J. L. Qu, W. Yu, A. Wang, A. Mott, M. Namkung, S. S. Jung, and J. H. Kim, “Nonlinear optical properties of cadmium telluride semiconductor nanocrystals for optical power-limiting application,” J. Korean Phys. Soc. 42, S143-S148 (2003).

Cruz, C. H. B.

L. A. Padilha, J. Fu, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, C. L. Cesar, L. C. Barbosa, C. H. B. Cruz, D. Buso, and A. Martucci, “Frequency degenerate and nondegenerate two-photon absorption spectra of semiconductor quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. B 75, 075325 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Deepthy, A.

L. Irimpan, V. P. N. Nampoori, P. Radhakrishnan, B. Krishnan, and A. Deepthy, “Size-dependent enhancement of nonlinear optical properties in nanocolloids of ZnO,” J. Appl. Phys. 103, 033105 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Deki, S.

L. Y. Pan, N. Tamai, K. Kamada, and S. Deki, “Nonlinear optical properties of thiol-capped CdTe quantum dots in nonresonant region,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 051902 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Desfeux, R.

M. Medles, N. Benramdane, A. Bouzidi, A. Nakrela, H. Tabet-Derraz, Z. Kebbab, C. Mathieu, B. Khelifa, and R. Desfeux, “Optical and electrical properties of Bi2S3 films deposited by spray pyrolysis,” Thin Solid Films 497, 58-64 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Douglas, E. P.

W. L. Jia, E. P. Douglas, F. G. Guo, and W. F. Sun, “Optical limiting of semiconductor nanoparticles for nanosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 6326-6328 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Doyle, J.

S. M. King, S. Chaure, J. Doyle, A. Colli, A. C. Ferrari, and W. J. Blau, “Scattering induced optical limiting in Si/SiO2 nanostructure dispersions,” Opt. Commun. 276, 305-309 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ermolaev, V. S.

Feng, Y. P.

H. Pan, W. Z. Chen, Y. P. Feng, W. Ji, and J. Y. Lin, “Optical limiting properties of metal nanowires,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 223106 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ferrari, A. C.

S. M. King, S. Chaure, J. Doyle, A. Colli, A. C. Ferrari, and W. J. Blau, “Scattering induced optical limiting in Si/SiO2 nanostructure dispersions,” Opt. Commun. 276, 305-309 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Flytzanis, C.

V. Joudrier, P. Bourdon, F. Hache, and C. Flytzanis, “Characterization of nonlinear scattering in colloidal suspensions of silica particles,” Appl. Phys. B 70, 105-109 (2000).
[CrossRef]

V. Joudrier, P. Bourdon, F. Hache, and C. Flytzanis, “Nonlinear light scattering in a two-component medium: optical limiting application,” Appl. Phys. B 67, 627-632 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Folmer, J. C. W.

J. C. W. Folmer and F. Jellinek, “The valence of copper in sulphides and selenides: an x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy study,” J. Less-Common Met. 76, 153-162 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Fu, J.

L. A. Padilha, J. Fu, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, C. L. Cesar, L. C. Barbosa, C. H. B. Cruz, D. Buso, and A. Martucci, “Frequency degenerate and nondegenerate two-photon absorption spectra of semiconductor quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. B 75, 075325 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Fujii, H.

R. A. Ganeev, M. Baba, M. Morita, D. Rau, H. Fujii, A. I. Ryasnyansky, N. Ishizawa, M. Suzuki, and H. Kuroda, “Nonlinear optical properties of CdS and ZnS nanoparticles doped into zirconium oxide films,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 6, 447-453 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Gabanel, R.

Ganeev, R. A.

R. A. Ganeev, M. Baba, M. Morita, D. Rau, H. Fujii, A. I. Ryasnyansky, N. Ishizawa, M. Suzuki, and H. Kuroda, “Nonlinear optical properties of CdS and ZnS nanoparticles doped into zirconium oxide films,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 6, 447-453 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyansky, R. I. Tugushev, and T. Usmanov, “Investigation of nonlinear refraction and nonlinear absorption of semiconductor nanoparticle solutions prepared by laser ablation,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 5, 409-417 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Gong, Q. H.

Q. S. Li, C. L. Liu, L. Y. Zang, Q. H. Gong, X. L. Yu, and C. B. Cao, “Broadband optical limiting in the suspensions of lead sulfide nanoparticles,” Laser Phys. 18, 434-437 (2008).
[CrossRef]

X. L. Yu, C. B. Cao, H. S. Zhu, Q. S. Li, C. L. Liu, and Q. H. Gong, “Nanometer-sized copper sulfide hollow spheres with strong optical-limiting properties,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 17, 1397-1401 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Q. S. Li, C. L. Liu, Z. G. Liu, and Q. H. Gong, “Broadband optical limiting and two-photon absorption properties of colloidal GaAs nanocrystals,” Opt. Express 13, 1833-1838 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Li, C. L. Liu, F. S. Li, and Q. H. Gong, “Optical limiting performance of two soluble multi-walled carbon nanotubes,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 380, 201-205 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Grolier-Mazza, V.

Guo, F. G.

W. L. Jia, E. P. Douglas, F. G. Guo, and W. F. Sun, “Optical limiting of semiconductor nanoparticles for nanosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 6326-6328 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Gurin, V. S.

M. V. Artemyev, V. S. Gurin, K. V. Yumashev, P. V. Prokoshin, and A. M. Maljarevich, “Picosecond absorption spectroscopy of surface modified copper sulfide nanocrystals in polymeric film,” J. Appl. Phys. 80, 7028-7035 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Hache, F.

L. Vivien, P. Lancon, D. Riehl, F. Hache, and E. Anglaret, “Carbon nanotubes for optical limiting,” Carbon 40, 1789-1797 (2002).
[CrossRef]

V. Joudrier, P. Bourdon, F. Hache, and C. Flytzanis, “Characterization of nonlinear scattering in colloidal suspensions of silica particles,” Appl. Phys. B 70, 105-109 (2000).
[CrossRef]

V. Joudrier, P. Bourdon, F. Hache, and C. Flytzanis, “Nonlinear light scattering in a two-component medium: optical limiting application,” Appl. Phys. B 67, 627-632 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Hagan, D. J.

L. A. Padilha, J. Fu, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, C. L. Cesar, L. C. Barbosa, C. H. B. Cruz, D. Buso, and A. Martucci, “Frequency degenerate and nondegenerate two-photon absorption spectra of semiconductor quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. B 75, 075325 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 760-769 (1990).
[CrossRef]

He, G. S.

He, R.

R. He, X. F. Qian, J. Yin, and Z. K. Zhu, “Preparation of Bi2S3 nanowhiskers and their morphologies,” J. Cryst. Growth 252, 505-510 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hold, S. V.

S. M. O'Flaherty, R. Murphy, S. V. Hold, M. Cadek, J. N. Coleman, and W. J. Blau, “Material investigation and optical limiting properties of carbon nanotube and nanoparticle dispersions,” J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 958-964 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hollins, R. C.

R. C. Hollins, “Materials for optical limiters,” Curr. Opin. Solid State Mater. Sci. 4, 189-196 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Irimpan, L.

L. Irimpan, V. P. N. Nampoori, P. Radhakrishnan, B. Krishnan, and A. Deepthy, “Size-dependent enhancement of nonlinear optical properties in nanocolloids of ZnO,” J. Appl. Phys. 103, 033105 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ishizawa, N.

R. A. Ganeev, M. Baba, M. Morita, D. Rau, H. Fujii, A. I. Ryasnyansky, N. Ishizawa, M. Suzuki, and H. Kuroda, “Nonlinear optical properties of CdS and ZnS nanoparticles doped into zirconium oxide films,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 6, 447-453 (2004).
[CrossRef]

James, D. B.

K. J. McEwan, P. K. Milsom, and D. B. James, “Nonlinear optical effects in carbon suspensions,” Proc. SPIE 3472, 42-52 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Jellinek, F.

J. C. W. Folmer and F. Jellinek, “The valence of copper in sulphides and selenides: an x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy study,” J. Less-Common Met. 76, 153-162 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Ji, W.

H. Pan, W. Z. Chen, Y. P. Feng, W. Ji, and J. Y. Lin, “Optical limiting properties of metal nanowires,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 223106 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Jia, W. L.

W. L. Jia, E. P. Douglas, F. G. Guo, and W. F. Sun, “Optical limiting of semiconductor nanoparticles for nanosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 6326-6328 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Joshi, M. P.

S. K. TiWari, M. P. Joshi, M. Laghate, and S. C. Mehendale, “Role of host liquid in optical limiting in ink suspensions,” Opt. Laser Technol. 34, 487-491 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Joudrier, V.

V. Joudrier, P. Bourdon, F. Hache, and C. Flytzanis, “Characterization of nonlinear scattering in colloidal suspensions of silica particles,” Appl. Phys. B 70, 105-109 (2000).
[CrossRef]

V. Joudrier, P. Bourdon, F. Hache, and C. Flytzanis, “Nonlinear light scattering in a two-component medium: optical limiting application,” Appl. Phys. B 67, 627-632 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Jung, S. S.

S. Creekmore, J. T. Seo, Q. Yang, Q. Wang, J. Anderson, C. Pompey, D. Temple, X. Peng, J. L. Qu, W. Yu, A. Wang, A. Mott, M. Namkung, S. S. Jung, and J. H. Kim, “Nonlinear optical properties of cadmium telluride semiconductor nanocrystals for optical power-limiting application,” J. Korean Phys. Soc. 42, S143-S148 (2003).

Kamada, K.

L. Y. Pan, N. Tamai, K. Kamada, and S. Deki, “Nonlinear optical properties of thiol-capped CdTe quantum dots in nonresonant region,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 051902 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kebbab, Z.

M. Medles, N. Benramdane, A. Bouzidi, A. Nakrela, H. Tabet-Derraz, Z. Kebbab, C. Mathieu, B. Khelifa, and R. Desfeux, “Optical and electrical properties of Bi2S3 films deposited by spray pyrolysis,” Thin Solid Films 497, 58-64 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kelly, J. M.

A. M. Whelan, S. Benrezzak, M. E. Brennan, J. M. Kelly, and W. J. Blau, “Nonlinear optical properties of metal and semiconductor nanoparticles,” Proc. SPIE 4876, 1257-1264 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Khelifa, B.

M. Medles, N. Benramdane, A. Bouzidi, A. Nakrela, H. Tabet-Derraz, Z. Kebbab, C. Mathieu, B. Khelifa, and R. Desfeux, “Optical and electrical properties of Bi2S3 films deposited by spray pyrolysis,” Thin Solid Films 497, 58-64 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kim, J. H.

S. Creekmore, J. T. Seo, Q. Yang, Q. Wang, J. Anderson, C. Pompey, D. Temple, X. Peng, J. L. Qu, W. Yu, A. Wang, A. Mott, M. Namkung, S. S. Jung, and J. H. Kim, “Nonlinear optical properties of cadmium telluride semiconductor nanocrystals for optical power-limiting application,” J. Korean Phys. Soc. 42, S143-S148 (2003).

King, S. M.

S. M. King, S. Chaure, J. Doyle, A. Colli, A. C. Ferrari, and W. J. Blau, “Scattering induced optical limiting in Si/SiO2 nanostructure dispersions,” Opt. Commun. 276, 305-309 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kiran, P. P.

A. D. Lad, P. P. Kiran, D. More, G. R. Kumar, and S. Mahamuni, “Two-photon absorption in ZnSe and ZnSe/ZnS core/shell quantum structures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 043126 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kothari, N. C.

Krishnan, B.

L. Irimpan, V. P. N. Nampoori, P. Radhakrishnan, B. Krishnan, and A. Deepthy, “Size-dependent enhancement of nonlinear optical properties in nanocolloids of ZnO,” J. Appl. Phys. 103, 033105 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Krylov, K. I.

Kumar, G. R.

A. D. Lad, P. P. Kiran, D. More, G. R. Kumar, and S. Mahamuni, “Two-photon absorption in ZnSe and ZnSe/ZnS core/shell quantum structures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 043126 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kumar, R. S. S.

N. Venkatram, R. S. S. Kumar, and D. N. Rao, “Nonlinear absorption and scattering properties of cadmium sulphide nanocrystals with its application as a potential optical limiter,” J. Appl. Phys. 100, 074309-1-8 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kuroda, H.

R. A. Ganeev, M. Baba, M. Morita, D. Rau, H. Fujii, A. I. Ryasnyansky, N. Ishizawa, M. Suzuki, and H. Kuroda, “Nonlinear optical properties of CdS and ZnS nanoparticles doped into zirconium oxide films,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 6, 447-453 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lad, A. D.

A. D. Lad, P. P. Kiran, D. More, G. R. Kumar, and S. Mahamuni, “Two-photon absorption in ZnSe and ZnSe/ZnS core/shell quantum structures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 043126 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Laghate, M.

S. K. TiWari, M. P. Joshi, M. Laghate, and S. C. Mehendale, “Role of host liquid in optical limiting in ink suspensions,” Opt. Laser Technol. 34, 487-491 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lancon, P.

L. Vivien, P. Lancon, D. Riehl, F. Hache, and E. Anglaret, “Carbon nanotubes for optical limiting,” Carbon 40, 1789-1797 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Li, C.

C. Li, C. L. Liu, F. S. Li, and Q. H. Gong, “Optical limiting performance of two soluble multi-walled carbon nanotubes,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 380, 201-205 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Li, F. S.

C. Li, C. L. Liu, F. S. Li, and Q. H. Gong, “Optical limiting performance of two soluble multi-walled carbon nanotubes,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 380, 201-205 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Li, Q. S.

Q. S. Li, C. L. Liu, L. Y. Zang, Q. H. Gong, X. L. Yu, and C. B. Cao, “Broadband optical limiting in the suspensions of lead sulfide nanoparticles,” Laser Phys. 18, 434-437 (2008).
[CrossRef]

X. L. Yu, C. B. Cao, H. S. Zhu, Q. S. Li, C. L. Liu, and Q. H. Gong, “Nanometer-sized copper sulfide hollow spheres with strong optical-limiting properties,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 17, 1397-1401 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Q. S. Li, C. L. Liu, Z. G. Liu, and Q. H. Gong, “Broadband optical limiting and two-photon absorption properties of colloidal GaAs nanocrystals,” Opt. Express 13, 1833-1838 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lin, J. Y.

H. Pan, W. Z. Chen, Y. P. Feng, W. Ji, and J. Y. Lin, “Optical limiting properties of metal nanowires,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 223106 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Liu, C. L.

Q. S. Li, C. L. Liu, L. Y. Zang, Q. H. Gong, X. L. Yu, and C. B. Cao, “Broadband optical limiting in the suspensions of lead sulfide nanoparticles,” Laser Phys. 18, 434-437 (2008).
[CrossRef]

X. L. Yu, C. B. Cao, H. S. Zhu, Q. S. Li, C. L. Liu, and Q. H. Gong, “Nanometer-sized copper sulfide hollow spheres with strong optical-limiting properties,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 17, 1397-1401 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Q. S. Li, C. L. Liu, Z. G. Liu, and Q. H. Gong, “Broadband optical limiting and two-photon absorption properties of colloidal GaAs nanocrystals,” Opt. Express 13, 1833-1838 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Li, C. L. Liu, F. S. Li, and Q. H. Gong, “Optical limiting performance of two soluble multi-walled carbon nanotubes,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 380, 201-205 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Z. B.

S. Q. Chen, Z. B. Liu, W. Y. Zhou, J. G. Tian, W. P. Zang, F. Song, and C. P. Zhang, “The influence of pulse width on transient thermally induced optical nonlinearities in a Kerr nonlinear medium,” Acta Phys. Sin. 53, 3577-3582 (2004).

Liu, Z. G.

Mahamuni, S.

A. D. Lad, P. P. Kiran, D. More, G. R. Kumar, and S. Mahamuni, “Two-photon absorption in ZnSe and ZnSe/ZnS core/shell quantum structures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 043126 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Maljarevich, A. M.

M. V. Artemyev, V. S. Gurin, K. V. Yumashev, P. V. Prokoshin, and A. M. Maljarevich, “Picosecond absorption spectroscopy of surface modified copper sulfide nanocrystals in polymeric film,” J. Appl. Phys. 80, 7028-7035 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Manenkov, A. A.

Mansour, K.

Martinez-Pastor, J.

A. Cantarero, J. Martinez-Pastor, A. Segura, and A. Chevy, “Transport properties of bismuth sulfide single crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 35, 9586-9590 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Martucci, A.

L. A. Padilha, J. Fu, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, C. L. Cesar, L. C. Barbosa, C. H. B. Cruz, D. Buso, and A. Martucci, “Frequency degenerate and nondegenerate two-photon absorption spectra of semiconductor quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. B 75, 075325 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Mathieu, C.

M. Medles, N. Benramdane, A. Bouzidi, A. Nakrela, H. Tabet-Derraz, Z. Kebbab, C. Mathieu, B. Khelifa, and R. Desfeux, “Optical and electrical properties of Bi2S3 films deposited by spray pyrolysis,” Thin Solid Films 497, 58-64 (2006).
[CrossRef]

McEwan, K. J.

K. J. McEwan, P. K. Milsom, and D. B. James, “Nonlinear optical effects in carbon suspensions,” Proc. SPIE 3472, 42-52 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Medles, M.

M. Medles, N. Benramdane, A. Bouzidi, A. Nakrela, H. Tabet-Derraz, Z. Kebbab, C. Mathieu, B. Khelifa, and R. Desfeux, “Optical and electrical properties of Bi2S3 films deposited by spray pyrolysis,” Thin Solid Films 497, 58-64 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Mehendale, S. C.

S. K. TiWari, M. P. Joshi, M. Laghate, and S. C. Mehendale, “Role of host liquid in optical limiting in ink suspensions,” Opt. Laser Technol. 34, 487-491 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Merwin, H. E.

H. E. Merwin, “Covellite: a singular case of chromatic reflection,” J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 5, 341-344 (1915).

Milsom, P. K.

K. J. McEwan, P. K. Milsom, and D. B. James, “Nonlinear optical effects in carbon suspensions,” Proc. SPIE 3472, 42-52 (1998).
[CrossRef]

More, D.

A. D. Lad, P. P. Kiran, D. More, G. R. Kumar, and S. Mahamuni, “Two-photon absorption in ZnSe and ZnSe/ZnS core/shell quantum structures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 043126 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Morita, M.

R. A. Ganeev, M. Baba, M. Morita, D. Rau, H. Fujii, A. I. Ryasnyansky, N. Ishizawa, M. Suzuki, and H. Kuroda, “Nonlinear optical properties of CdS and ZnS nanoparticles doped into zirconium oxide films,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 6, 447-453 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Mott, A.

S. Creekmore, J. T. Seo, Q. Yang, Q. Wang, J. Anderson, C. Pompey, D. Temple, X. Peng, J. L. Qu, W. Yu, A. Wang, A. Mott, M. Namkung, S. S. Jung, and J. H. Kim, “Nonlinear optical properties of cadmium telluride semiconductor nanocrystals for optical power-limiting application,” J. Korean Phys. Soc. 42, S143-S148 (2003).

Murphy, R.

S. M. O'Flaherty, R. Murphy, S. V. Hold, M. Cadek, J. N. Coleman, and W. J. Blau, “Material investigation and optical limiting properties of carbon nanotube and nanoparticle dispersions,” J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 958-964 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Nakrela, A.

M. Medles, N. Benramdane, A. Bouzidi, A. Nakrela, H. Tabet-Derraz, Z. Kebbab, C. Mathieu, B. Khelifa, and R. Desfeux, “Optical and electrical properties of Bi2S3 films deposited by spray pyrolysis,” Thin Solid Films 497, 58-64 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Namkung, M.

S. Creekmore, J. T. Seo, Q. Yang, Q. Wang, J. Anderson, C. Pompey, D. Temple, X. Peng, J. L. Qu, W. Yu, A. Wang, A. Mott, M. Namkung, S. S. Jung, and J. H. Kim, “Nonlinear optical properties of cadmium telluride semiconductor nanocrystals for optical power-limiting application,” J. Korean Phys. Soc. 42, S143-S148 (2003).

Nampoori, V. P. N.

L. Irimpan, V. P. N. Nampoori, P. Radhakrishnan, B. Krishnan, and A. Deepthy, “Size-dependent enhancement of nonlinear optical properties in nanocolloids of ZnO,” J. Appl. Phys. 103, 033105 (2008).
[CrossRef]

O'Flaherty, S. M.

S. M. O'Flaherty, R. Murphy, S. V. Hold, M. Cadek, J. N. Coleman, and W. J. Blau, “Material investigation and optical limiting properties of carbon nanotube and nanoparticle dispersions,” J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 958-964 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Padilha, L. A.

L. A. Padilha, J. Fu, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, C. L. Cesar, L. C. Barbosa, C. H. B. Cruz, D. Buso, and A. Martucci, “Frequency degenerate and nondegenerate two-photon absorption spectra of semiconductor quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. B 75, 075325 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Pan, H.

H. Pan, W. Z. Chen, Y. P. Feng, W. Ji, and J. Y. Lin, “Optical limiting properties of metal nanowires,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 223106 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Pan, L. Y.

L. Y. Pan, N. Tamai, K. Kamada, and S. Deki, “Nonlinear optical properties of thiol-capped CdTe quantum dots in nonresonant region,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 051902 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Peng, X.

S. Creekmore, J. T. Seo, Q. Yang, Q. Wang, J. Anderson, C. Pompey, D. Temple, X. Peng, J. L. Qu, W. Yu, A. Wang, A. Mott, M. Namkung, S. S. Jung, and J. H. Kim, “Nonlinear optical properties of cadmium telluride semiconductor nanocrystals for optical power-limiting application,” J. Korean Phys. Soc. 42, S143-S148 (2003).

Pompey, C.

S. Creekmore, J. T. Seo, Q. Yang, Q. Wang, J. Anderson, C. Pompey, D. Temple, X. Peng, J. L. Qu, W. Yu, A. Wang, A. Mott, M. Namkung, S. S. Jung, and J. H. Kim, “Nonlinear optical properties of cadmium telluride semiconductor nanocrystals for optical power-limiting application,” J. Korean Phys. Soc. 42, S143-S148 (2003).

Prasad, P. N.

Prelewitz, D. F.

Prokhorov, A. M.

Prokoshin, P. V.

M. V. Artemyev, V. S. Gurin, K. V. Yumashev, P. V. Prokoshin, and A. M. Maljarevich, “Picosecond absorption spectroscopy of surface modified copper sulfide nanocrystals in polymeric film,” J. Appl. Phys. 80, 7028-7035 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Qian, X. F.

R. He, X. F. Qian, J. Yin, and Z. K. Zhu, “Preparation of Bi2S3 nanowhiskers and their morphologies,” J. Cryst. Growth 252, 505-510 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Qu, J. L.

S. Creekmore, J. T. Seo, Q. Yang, Q. Wang, J. Anderson, C. Pompey, D. Temple, X. Peng, J. L. Qu, W. Yu, A. Wang, A. Mott, M. Namkung, S. S. Jung, and J. H. Kim, “Nonlinear optical properties of cadmium telluride semiconductor nanocrystals for optical power-limiting application,” J. Korean Phys. Soc. 42, S143-S148 (2003).

Radhakrishnan, P.

L. Irimpan, V. P. N. Nampoori, P. Radhakrishnan, B. Krishnan, and A. Deepthy, “Size-dependent enhancement of nonlinear optical properties in nanocolloids of ZnO,” J. Appl. Phys. 103, 033105 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Rao, D. N.

N. Venkatram, R. S. S. Kumar, and D. N. Rao, “Nonlinear absorption and scattering properties of cadmium sulphide nanocrystals with its application as a potential optical limiter,” J. Appl. Phys. 100, 074309-1-8 (2006).
[CrossRef]

N. Venkatram, D. N. Rao, and M. A. Akundi, “Nonlinear absorption, scattering and optical limiting studies of CdS nanoparticles,” Opt. Express 13, 867-872 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rau, D.

R. A. Ganeev, M. Baba, M. Morita, D. Rau, H. Fujii, A. I. Ryasnyansky, N. Ishizawa, M. Suzuki, and H. Kuroda, “Nonlinear optical properties of CdS and ZnS nanoparticles doped into zirconium oxide films,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 6, 447-453 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Riehl, D.

L. Vivien, P. Lancon, D. Riehl, F. Hache, and E. Anglaret, “Carbon nanotubes for optical limiting,” Carbon 40, 1789-1797 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ryasnyanskiy, A. I.

Ryasnyansky, A. I.

R. A. Ganeev, M. Baba, M. Morita, D. Rau, H. Fujii, A. I. Ryasnyansky, N. Ishizawa, M. Suzuki, and H. Kuroda, “Nonlinear optical properties of CdS and ZnS nanoparticles doped into zirconium oxide films,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 6, 447-453 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyansky, R. I. Tugushev, and T. Usmanov, “Investigation of nonlinear refraction and nonlinear absorption of semiconductor nanoparticle solutions prepared by laser ablation,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 5, 409-417 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Sahoo, Y.

Said, A. A.

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 760-769 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Segura, A.

A. Cantarero, J. Martinez-Pastor, A. Segura, and A. Chevy, “Transport properties of bismuth sulfide single crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 35, 9586-9590 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Seo, J. T.

S. Creekmore, J. T. Seo, Q. Yang, Q. Wang, J. Anderson, C. Pompey, D. Temple, X. Peng, J. L. Qu, W. Yu, A. Wang, A. Mott, M. Namkung, S. S. Jung, and J. H. Kim, “Nonlinear optical properties of cadmium telluride semiconductor nanocrystals for optical power-limiting application,” J. Korean Phys. Soc. 42, S143-S148 (2003).

Sheik-Bahae, M.

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 760-769 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Shi, G. A.

Q. Chang, C. Chang, X. R. Zhang, H. G. Ye, G. A. Shi, W. Zhang, Y. X. Wang, X. Q. Xin, and Y. L. Song, “Enhanced optical limiting properties in suspensions of CdO nanowires,” Opt. Commun. 274, 201-205 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Soileau, M. J.

Song, F.

S. Q. Chen, Z. B. Liu, W. Y. Zhou, J. G. Tian, W. P. Zang, F. Song, and C. P. Zhang, “The influence of pulse width on transient thermally induced optical nonlinearities in a Kerr nonlinear medium,” Acta Phys. Sin. 53, 3577-3582 (2004).

Song, Y. L.

Q. Chang, C. Chang, X. R. Zhang, H. G. Ye, G. A. Shi, W. Zhang, Y. X. Wang, X. Q. Xin, and Y. L. Song, “Enhanced optical limiting properties in suspensions of CdO nanowires,” Opt. Commun. 274, 201-205 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sun, W. F.

W. L. Jia, E. P. Douglas, F. G. Guo, and W. F. Sun, “Optical limiting of semiconductor nanoparticles for nanosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 6326-6328 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sun, X. T.

Y. D. Zhang, J. J. Zhu, Y. J. Zhang, P. Yuan, and X. T. Sun, “Nonlinear absorption of Bi2S3 and NiS semiconductor nano-particles,” Chin. J. Semicond. 26, 13-16 (2005).

Sutherland, R. L.

R. L. Sutherland, Handbook of Nonlinear Optics (Marcel Dekker, Inc., 2003).
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, M.

R. A. Ganeev, M. Baba, M. Morita, D. Rau, H. Fujii, A. I. Ryasnyansky, N. Ishizawa, M. Suzuki, and H. Kuroda, “Nonlinear optical properties of CdS and ZnS nanoparticles doped into zirconium oxide films,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 6, 447-453 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Tabet-Derraz, H.

M. Medles, N. Benramdane, A. Bouzidi, A. Nakrela, H. Tabet-Derraz, Z. Kebbab, C. Mathieu, B. Khelifa, and R. Desfeux, “Optical and electrical properties of Bi2S3 films deposited by spray pyrolysis,” Thin Solid Films 497, 58-64 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tamai, N.

L. Y. Pan, N. Tamai, K. Kamada, and S. Deki, “Nonlinear optical properties of thiol-capped CdTe quantum dots in nonresonant region,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 051902 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Temple, D.

S. Creekmore, J. T. Seo, Q. Yang, Q. Wang, J. Anderson, C. Pompey, D. Temple, X. Peng, J. L. Qu, W. Yu, A. Wang, A. Mott, M. Namkung, S. S. Jung, and J. H. Kim, “Nonlinear optical properties of cadmium telluride semiconductor nanocrystals for optical power-limiting application,” J. Korean Phys. Soc. 42, S143-S148 (2003).

Tian, J. G.

S. Q. Chen, Z. B. Liu, W. Y. Zhou, J. G. Tian, W. P. Zang, F. Song, and C. P. Zhang, “The influence of pulse width on transient thermally induced optical nonlinearities in a Kerr nonlinear medium,” Acta Phys. Sin. 53, 3577-3582 (2004).

TiWari, S. K.

S. K. TiWari, M. P. Joshi, M. Laghate, and S. C. Mehendale, “Role of host liquid in optical limiting in ink suspensions,” Opt. Laser Technol. 34, 487-491 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Tugushev, R. I.

R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyansky, R. I. Tugushev, and T. Usmanov, “Investigation of nonlinear refraction and nonlinear absorption of semiconductor nanoparticle solutions prepared by laser ablation,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 5, 409-417 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Tutt, L. W.

L. W. Tutt and T. F. Boggess, “A review of optical limiting mechanisms and devices using organics, fullerenes, semiconductors and other materials,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 17, 299-338 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Usmanov, T.

R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyansky, R. I. Tugushev, and T. Usmanov, “Investigation of nonlinear refraction and nonlinear absorption of semiconductor nanoparticle solutions prepared by laser ablation,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 5, 409-417 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Van Stryland, E. W.

L. A. Padilha, J. Fu, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, C. L. Cesar, L. C. Barbosa, C. H. B. Cruz, D. Buso, and A. Martucci, “Frequency degenerate and nondegenerate two-photon absorption spectra of semiconductor quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. B 75, 075325 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. Mansour, M. J. Soileau, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Nonlinear optical properties of carbon black suspensions (ink),” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 1100-1109 (1992).
[CrossRef]

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 760-769 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Venkatram, N.

N. Venkatram, R. S. S. Kumar, and D. N. Rao, “Nonlinear absorption and scattering properties of cadmium sulphide nanocrystals with its application as a potential optical limiter,” J. Appl. Phys. 100, 074309-1-8 (2006).
[CrossRef]

N. Venkatram, D. N. Rao, and M. A. Akundi, “Nonlinear absorption, scattering and optical limiting studies of CdS nanoparticles,” Opt. Express 13, 867-872 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vivien, L.

L. Vivien, P. Lancon, D. Riehl, F. Hache, and E. Anglaret, “Carbon nanotubes for optical limiting,” Carbon 40, 1789-1797 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Wang, A.

S. Creekmore, J. T. Seo, Q. Yang, Q. Wang, J. Anderson, C. Pompey, D. Temple, X. Peng, J. L. Qu, W. Yu, A. Wang, A. Mott, M. Namkung, S. S. Jung, and J. H. Kim, “Nonlinear optical properties of cadmium telluride semiconductor nanocrystals for optical power-limiting application,” J. Korean Phys. Soc. 42, S143-S148 (2003).

Wang, Q.

S. Creekmore, J. T. Seo, Q. Yang, Q. Wang, J. Anderson, C. Pompey, D. Temple, X. Peng, J. L. Qu, W. Yu, A. Wang, A. Mott, M. Namkung, S. S. Jung, and J. H. Kim, “Nonlinear optical properties of cadmium telluride semiconductor nanocrystals for optical power-limiting application,” J. Korean Phys. Soc. 42, S143-S148 (2003).

Wang, Y. X.

Q. Chang, C. Chang, X. R. Zhang, H. G. Ye, G. A. Shi, W. Zhang, Y. X. Wang, X. Q. Xin, and Y. L. Song, “Enhanced optical limiting properties in suspensions of CdO nanowires,” Opt. Commun. 274, 201-205 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wei, T. H.

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 760-769 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Whelan, A. M.

A. M. Whelan, S. Benrezzak, M. E. Brennan, J. M. Kelly, and W. J. Blau, “Nonlinear optical properties of metal and semiconductor nanoparticles,” Proc. SPIE 4876, 1257-1264 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Xin, X. Q.

Q. Chang, C. Chang, X. R. Zhang, H. G. Ye, G. A. Shi, W. Zhang, Y. X. Wang, X. Q. Xin, and Y. L. Song, “Enhanced optical limiting properties in suspensions of CdO nanowires,” Opt. Commun. 274, 201-205 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yang, Q.

S. Creekmore, J. T. Seo, Q. Yang, Q. Wang, J. Anderson, C. Pompey, D. Temple, X. Peng, J. L. Qu, W. Yu, A. Wang, A. Mott, M. Namkung, S. S. Jung, and J. H. Kim, “Nonlinear optical properties of cadmium telluride semiconductor nanocrystals for optical power-limiting application,” J. Korean Phys. Soc. 42, S143-S148 (2003).

Ye, H. G.

Q. Chang, C. Chang, X. R. Zhang, H. G. Ye, G. A. Shi, W. Zhang, Y. X. Wang, X. Q. Xin, and Y. L. Song, “Enhanced optical limiting properties in suspensions of CdO nanowires,” Opt. Commun. 274, 201-205 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yin, J.

R. He, X. F. Qian, J. Yin, and Z. K. Zhu, “Preparation of Bi2S3 nanowhiskers and their morphologies,” J. Cryst. Growth 252, 505-510 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Yong, K. T.

Yu, W.

S. Creekmore, J. T. Seo, Q. Yang, Q. Wang, J. Anderson, C. Pompey, D. Temple, X. Peng, J. L. Qu, W. Yu, A. Wang, A. Mott, M. Namkung, S. S. Jung, and J. H. Kim, “Nonlinear optical properties of cadmium telluride semiconductor nanocrystals for optical power-limiting application,” J. Korean Phys. Soc. 42, S143-S148 (2003).

Yu, X. L.

Q. S. Li, C. L. Liu, L. Y. Zang, Q. H. Gong, X. L. Yu, and C. B. Cao, “Broadband optical limiting in the suspensions of lead sulfide nanoparticles,” Laser Phys. 18, 434-437 (2008).
[CrossRef]

X. L. Yu, C. B. Cao, H. S. Zhu, Q. S. Li, C. L. Liu, and Q. H. Gong, “Nanometer-sized copper sulfide hollow spheres with strong optical-limiting properties,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 17, 1397-1401 (2007).
[CrossRef]

X. L. Yu, C. B. Cao, and H. S. Zhu, “Synthesis and photoluminescence properties of Bi2S3 nanowires via surfactant micelle-template inducing reaction,” Solid State Commun. 134, 239-243 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yuan, P.

Y. D. Zhang, J. J. Zhu, Y. J. Zhang, P. Yuan, and X. T. Sun, “Nonlinear absorption of Bi2S3 and NiS semiconductor nano-particles,” Chin. J. Semicond. 26, 13-16 (2005).

Yumashev, K. V.

M. V. Artemyev, V. S. Gurin, K. V. Yumashev, P. V. Prokoshin, and A. M. Maljarevich, “Picosecond absorption spectroscopy of surface modified copper sulfide nanocrystals in polymeric film,” J. Appl. Phys. 80, 7028-7035 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Zang, L. Y.

Q. S. Li, C. L. Liu, L. Y. Zang, Q. H. Gong, X. L. Yu, and C. B. Cao, “Broadband optical limiting in the suspensions of lead sulfide nanoparticles,” Laser Phys. 18, 434-437 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zang, W. P.

S. Q. Chen, Z. B. Liu, W. Y. Zhou, J. G. Tian, W. P. Zang, F. Song, and C. P. Zhang, “The influence of pulse width on transient thermally induced optical nonlinearities in a Kerr nonlinear medium,” Acta Phys. Sin. 53, 3577-3582 (2004).

Zhang, C. P.

S. Q. Chen, Z. B. Liu, W. Y. Zhou, J. G. Tian, W. P. Zang, F. Song, and C. P. Zhang, “The influence of pulse width on transient thermally induced optical nonlinearities in a Kerr nonlinear medium,” Acta Phys. Sin. 53, 3577-3582 (2004).

Zhang, H. G.

Y. D. Zhang, B. Cao, H. G. Zhang, and J. J. Zhu, “Optical limiting performances of PbS nano-particles at 532 nm,” Proc. SPIE 6029, 602909 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, W.

Q. Chang, C. Chang, X. R. Zhang, H. G. Ye, G. A. Shi, W. Zhang, Y. X. Wang, X. Q. Xin, and Y. L. Song, “Enhanced optical limiting properties in suspensions of CdO nanowires,” Opt. Commun. 274, 201-205 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X. R.

Q. Chang, C. Chang, X. R. Zhang, H. G. Ye, G. A. Shi, W. Zhang, Y. X. Wang, X. Q. Xin, and Y. L. Song, “Enhanced optical limiting properties in suspensions of CdO nanowires,” Opt. Commun. 274, 201-205 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Y. D.

Y. D. Zhang, J. J. Zhu, Y. J. Zhang, P. Yuan, and X. T. Sun, “Nonlinear absorption of Bi2S3 and NiS semiconductor nano-particles,” Chin. J. Semicond. 26, 13-16 (2005).

Y. D. Zhang, B. Cao, H. G. Zhang, and J. J. Zhu, “Optical limiting performances of PbS nano-particles at 532 nm,” Proc. SPIE 6029, 602909 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Y. J.

Y. D. Zhang, J. J. Zhu, Y. J. Zhang, P. Yuan, and X. T. Sun, “Nonlinear absorption of Bi2S3 and NiS semiconductor nano-particles,” Chin. J. Semicond. 26, 13-16 (2005).

Zheng, Q. D.

Zhou, W. Y.

S. Q. Chen, Z. B. Liu, W. Y. Zhou, J. G. Tian, W. P. Zang, F. Song, and C. P. Zhang, “The influence of pulse width on transient thermally induced optical nonlinearities in a Kerr nonlinear medium,” Acta Phys. Sin. 53, 3577-3582 (2004).

Zhu, H. S.

X. L. Yu, C. B. Cao, H. S. Zhu, Q. S. Li, C. L. Liu, and Q. H. Gong, “Nanometer-sized copper sulfide hollow spheres with strong optical-limiting properties,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 17, 1397-1401 (2007).
[CrossRef]

X. L. Yu, C. B. Cao, and H. S. Zhu, “Synthesis and photoluminescence properties of Bi2S3 nanowires via surfactant micelle-template inducing reaction,” Solid State Commun. 134, 239-243 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, J. J.

Y. D. Zhang, J. J. Zhu, Y. J. Zhang, P. Yuan, and X. T. Sun, “Nonlinear absorption of Bi2S3 and NiS semiconductor nano-particles,” Chin. J. Semicond. 26, 13-16 (2005).

Y. D. Zhang, B. Cao, H. G. Zhang, and J. J. Zhu, “Optical limiting performances of PbS nano-particles at 532 nm,” Proc. SPIE 6029, 602909 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, Z. K.

R. He, X. F. Qian, J. Yin, and Z. K. Zhu, “Preparation of Bi2S3 nanowhiskers and their morphologies,” J. Cryst. Growth 252, 505-510 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Acta Phys. Sin. (1)

S. Q. Chen, Z. B. Liu, W. Y. Zhou, J. G. Tian, W. P. Zang, F. Song, and C. P. Zhang, “The influence of pulse width on transient thermally induced optical nonlinearities in a Kerr nonlinear medium,” Acta Phys. Sin. 53, 3577-3582 (2004).

Adv. Funct. Mater. (1)

X. L. Yu, C. B. Cao, H. S. Zhu, Q. S. Li, C. L. Liu, and Q. H. Gong, “Nanometer-sized copper sulfide hollow spheres with strong optical-limiting properties,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 17, 1397-1401 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (2)

V. Joudrier, P. Bourdon, F. Hache, and C. Flytzanis, “Characterization of nonlinear scattering in colloidal suspensions of silica particles,” Appl. Phys. B 70, 105-109 (2000).
[CrossRef]

V. Joudrier, P. Bourdon, F. Hache, and C. Flytzanis, “Nonlinear light scattering in a two-component medium: optical limiting application,” Appl. Phys. B 67, 627-632 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

H. Pan, W. Z. Chen, Y. P. Feng, W. Ji, and J. Y. Lin, “Optical limiting properties of metal nanowires,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 223106 (2006).
[CrossRef]

W. L. Jia, E. P. Douglas, F. G. Guo, and W. F. Sun, “Optical limiting of semiconductor nanoparticles for nanosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 6326-6328 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. D. Lad, P. P. Kiran, D. More, G. R. Kumar, and S. Mahamuni, “Two-photon absorption in ZnSe and ZnSe/ZnS core/shell quantum structures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 043126 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. Y. Pan, N. Tamai, K. Kamada, and S. Deki, “Nonlinear optical properties of thiol-capped CdTe quantum dots in nonresonant region,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 051902 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Carbon (1)

L. Vivien, P. Lancon, D. Riehl, F. Hache, and E. Anglaret, “Carbon nanotubes for optical limiting,” Carbon 40, 1789-1797 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. Lett. (1)

C. Li, C. L. Liu, F. S. Li, and Q. H. Gong, “Optical limiting performance of two soluble multi-walled carbon nanotubes,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 380, 201-205 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chin. J. Semicond. (1)

Y. D. Zhang, J. J. Zhu, Y. J. Zhang, P. Yuan, and X. T. Sun, “Nonlinear absorption of Bi2S3 and NiS semiconductor nano-particles,” Chin. J. Semicond. 26, 13-16 (2005).

Curr. Opin. Solid State Mater. Sci. (1)

R. C. Hollins, “Materials for optical limiters,” Curr. Opin. Solid State Mater. Sci. 4, 189-196 (1999).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 760-769 (1990).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (3)

M. V. Artemyev, V. S. Gurin, K. V. Yumashev, P. V. Prokoshin, and A. M. Maljarevich, “Picosecond absorption spectroscopy of surface modified copper sulfide nanocrystals in polymeric film,” J. Appl. Phys. 80, 7028-7035 (1996).
[CrossRef]

N. Venkatram, R. S. S. Kumar, and D. N. Rao, “Nonlinear absorption and scattering properties of cadmium sulphide nanocrystals with its application as a potential optical limiter,” J. Appl. Phys. 100, 074309-1-8 (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. Irimpan, V. P. N. Nampoori, P. Radhakrishnan, B. Krishnan, and A. Deepthy, “Size-dependent enhancement of nonlinear optical properties in nanocolloids of ZnO,” J. Appl. Phys. 103, 033105 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Cryst. Growth (1)

R. He, X. F. Qian, J. Yin, and Z. K. Zhu, “Preparation of Bi2S3 nanowhiskers and their morphologies,” J. Cryst. Growth 252, 505-510 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Korean Phys. Soc. (1)

S. Creekmore, J. T. Seo, Q. Yang, Q. Wang, J. Anderson, C. Pompey, D. Temple, X. Peng, J. L. Qu, W. Yu, A. Wang, A. Mott, M. Namkung, S. S. Jung, and J. H. Kim, “Nonlinear optical properties of cadmium telluride semiconductor nanocrystals for optical power-limiting application,” J. Korean Phys. Soc. 42, S143-S148 (2003).

J. Less-Common Met. (1)

J. C. W. Folmer and F. Jellinek, “The valence of copper in sulphides and selenides: an x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy study,” J. Less-Common Met. 76, 153-162 (1980).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. (2)

R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyansky, R. I. Tugushev, and T. Usmanov, “Investigation of nonlinear refraction and nonlinear absorption of semiconductor nanoparticle solutions prepared by laser ablation,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 5, 409-417 (2003).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Ganeev, M. Baba, M. Morita, D. Rau, H. Fujii, A. I. Ryasnyansky, N. Ishizawa, M. Suzuki, and H. Kuroda, “Nonlinear optical properties of CdS and ZnS nanoparticles doped into zirconium oxide films,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 6, 447-453 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (5)

J. Phys. Chem. B (1)

S. M. O'Flaherty, R. Murphy, S. V. Hold, M. Cadek, J. N. Coleman, and W. J. Blau, “Material investigation and optical limiting properties of carbon nanotube and nanoparticle dispersions,” J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 958-964 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Wash. Acad. Sci. (1)

H. E. Merwin, “Covellite: a singular case of chromatic reflection,” J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 5, 341-344 (1915).

Laser Phys. (1)

Q. S. Li, C. L. Liu, L. Y. Zang, Q. H. Gong, X. L. Yu, and C. B. Cao, “Broadband optical limiting in the suspensions of lead sulfide nanoparticles,” Laser Phys. 18, 434-437 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (3)

K. S. Bindra, “Influence of free carrier refraction due to linear absorption on Z-scan study of porous Si,” Opt. Commun. 246, 421-427 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Q. Chang, C. Chang, X. R. Zhang, H. G. Ye, G. A. Shi, W. Zhang, Y. X. Wang, X. Q. Xin, and Y. L. Song, “Enhanced optical limiting properties in suspensions of CdO nanowires,” Opt. Commun. 274, 201-205 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. M. King, S. Chaure, J. Doyle, A. Colli, A. C. Ferrari, and W. J. Blau, “Scattering induced optical limiting in Si/SiO2 nanostructure dispersions,” Opt. Commun. 276, 305-309 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Laser Technol. (1)

S. K. TiWari, M. P. Joshi, M. Laghate, and S. C. Mehendale, “Role of host liquid in optical limiting in ink suspensions,” Opt. Laser Technol. 34, 487-491 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (2)

A. Cantarero, J. Martinez-Pastor, A. Segura, and A. Chevy, “Transport properties of bismuth sulfide single crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 35, 9586-9590 (1987).
[CrossRef]

L. A. Padilha, J. Fu, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, C. L. Cesar, L. C. Barbosa, C. H. B. Cruz, D. Buso, and A. Martucci, “Frequency degenerate and nondegenerate two-photon absorption spectra of semiconductor quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. B 75, 075325 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE (3)

A. M. Whelan, S. Benrezzak, M. E. Brennan, J. M. Kelly, and W. J. Blau, “Nonlinear optical properties of metal and semiconductor nanoparticles,” Proc. SPIE 4876, 1257-1264 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Y. D. Zhang, B. Cao, H. G. Zhang, and J. J. Zhu, “Optical limiting performances of PbS nano-particles at 532 nm,” Proc. SPIE 6029, 602909 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. J. McEwan, P. K. Milsom, and D. B. James, “Nonlinear optical effects in carbon suspensions,” Proc. SPIE 3472, 42-52 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Prog. Quantum Electron. (1)

L. W. Tutt and T. F. Boggess, “A review of optical limiting mechanisms and devices using organics, fullerenes, semiconductors and other materials,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 17, 299-338 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Solid State Commun. (1)

X. L. Yu, C. B. Cao, and H. S. Zhu, “Synthesis and photoluminescence properties of Bi2S3 nanowires via surfactant micelle-template inducing reaction,” Solid State Commun. 134, 239-243 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Thin Solid Films (1)

M. Medles, N. Benramdane, A. Bouzidi, A. Nakrela, H. Tabet-Derraz, Z. Kebbab, C. Mathieu, B. Khelifa, and R. Desfeux, “Optical and electrical properties of Bi2S3 films deposited by spray pyrolysis,” Thin Solid Films 497, 58-64 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

R. L. Sutherland, Handbook of Nonlinear Optics (Marcel Dekker, Inc., 2003).
[CrossRef]

R. W. Boyd, Nonlinear Optics (Academic, 1992).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Logarithmic representation of scattering light distributed with angle from 10° to 165° at the incidence of 0.48 J cm 2 for CuS (△) and Bi 2 S 3 (a) (▲) suspensions.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Scattering rate at 20° and the transmittance along with increasing incidence for CuS (△) and Bi 2 S 3 (a) (▲) suspensions.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Purely refractive Z-scan graph of CuS suspensions with the intensity I = 0.64 GW cm 2 and S = 0.06 . (b) Purely refractive Z-scan graph of Bi 2 S 3 (a) suspensions with the intensity I = 0.81 GW cm 2 and S = 0.07 .

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Linear transmission spectrums of suspended Bi 2 S 3 (a) and Bi 2 S 3 (b) in ethanol.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Optical limiting properties of Bi 2 S 3 (a) (△) and (b) (▲) suspension particles in ethanol at wavelengths of 355 nm (a) and 1064 nm (b).

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Optical limiting properties of Bi 2 S 3 (a) (△) and (b) (▲) suspensions in ethanol at the wavelength of 590 nm .

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Δ n = Δ n L + Δ n N ,
Re χ ( 3 ) = 4 3 N μ b a 4 T 1 T 2 2 3 ( ω ω g ) T 2 ( 1 + ( ω ω g ) 2 T 2 2 ) 2 ,

Metrics