Abstract

We have studied the noise spectra in a nonlinear magneto-optical rotation experiment in a rubidium vapor. We observed the reduction of noise in the intensity difference of two orthogonally polarized components of the laser beam. The dependence of the noise level on both the frequency and the longitudinal magnetic field has been studied. We found that the optimal condition for the noise reduction is to work around zero longitudinal magnetic field, where the intensity correlation between the two orthogonally polarized components is maximum. Our results can be used to reduce or eliminate the atomic excess noise, therefore improving the sensitivity of nonlinear magneto-optical rotation magnetometers and other atom-optical-based applications.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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  1. E. B. Alexandrov, M. V. Balabas, A. S. Pasgalev, A. K. Vershovskii, and N. N. Yakobson, “Double-resonance atomic magnetometers: from gas discharge to laser pumping,” Laser Phys. 6, 244-251 (1996).
  2. D. Budker, D. F. Kimball, S. M. Rochester, V. V. Yashchuk, and M. Zolotorev, “Sensitive magnetometry based on nonlinear magneto-optical rotation,” Phys. Rev. A 62, 043403 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  3. V. A. Sautenkov, M. D. Lukin, C. J. Bednar, I. Novikova, E. Mikhailov, M. Fleischhauer, V. L. Velichansky, G. R. Welch, and M. O. Scully, “Enhancement of magneto-optic effects via large atomic coherence in optically dense media,” Phys. Rev. A 62, 023810 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  4. I. K. Kominis, T. W. Kornack, J. C. Allred, and M. V. Romalis, “A subfemtotesla multichannel atomic magnetometer,” Nature 422, 596-599 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. D. Budker, W. Gawlik, D. F. Kimball, S. M. Rochester, V. V. Yashchuk, and A. Weis, “Resonant nonlinear magneto-optical effects in atoms,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 1153-1201 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. P. Ledbetter, V. M. Acosta, S. M. Rochester, D. Budker, S. Pustelny, and V. V. Yashchuk, “Detection of radio-frequency magnetic fields using nonlinear magneto-optical rotation,” Phys. Rev. A 75, 023405 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  11. W. V. Davis, M. Kauranen, E. M. Nagasako, R. J. Gehr, A. L. Gaeta, R. W. Boyd, and G. S. Agarwal, “Excess noise acquired by a laser beam after propagating through an atomic-postassium vapor,” Phys. Rev. A 51, 4152-4159 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  18. E. E. Mikhailov and I. Novikova, “Low-frequency vacuum squeezing via polarization self-rotation in Rb vapor,” Opt. Lett. 33, 1213-1215 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  21. V. A. Sautenkov, H. Li, Y. V. Rostovtsev, and M. O. Scully, “Power spectra and correlations of intensity fluctuations in electromagnetically induced transparency,” J. Mod. Opt. 54, 2451-2457 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
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  23. M. Martinelli, P. Valente, H. Failache, D. Felinto, L. S. Cruz, P. Nussenzveig, and A. Lezama, “Noise spectroscopy of nonlinear magneto-optical resonances in Rb vapor,” Phys. Rev. A 69, 043809 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  24. V. V. Vassiliev, S. A. Zibrov, and V. L. Velichansky, “Compact extended-cavity diode laser for atomic spectroscopy and metrology,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 013102 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  25. M. O. Scully and M. S. Zubairy, Quantum Optics (Cambridge U. Press, 1997).
  26. L. D. Landau, E. M. Lifshitz, and L. P. Pitaevskii, Electrodynamics of Continuous Media (Butterworth-Heinemann, 1984).
  27. G. O. Ariunbold, V. A. Sautenkov, Y. V. Rostovtsev, and M. O. Scully, “Intensity correlation and anticorrelations in coherently prepared atomic vapor,” arXiv:quant-ph/0603025.
  28. D. Budker, D. F. Kimball, S. M. Rochester, and V. V. Yashchuk, “Nonlinear electro- and magneto-optical effects related to Bennett structures,” Phys. Rev. A 65, 033401 (2002).
    [CrossRef]

2008

T. S. Varzhapetyan, H. Li, G. O. Ariunbold, V. A. Sautenkov, Y. V. Rostovtsev, and M. O. Scully, “Intensity correlations in resonance nonlinear magneto-opticcal rotation,” arXiv:0803.3050v1 (2008).

E. E. Mikhailov and I. Novikova, “Low-frequency vacuum squeezing via polarization self-rotation in Rb vapor,” Opt. Lett. 33, 1213-1215 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007

M. P. Ledbetter, V. M. Acosta, S. M. Rochester, D. Budker, S. Pustelny, and V. V. Yashchuk, “Detection of radio-frequency magnetic fields using nonlinear magneto-optical rotation,” Phys. Rev. A 75, 023405 (2007).
[CrossRef]

G. Hétet, O. Glöckl, K. A. Pilypas, C. C. Harb, B. C. Buchler, H.-A. Bachor, and P. K. Lam, “Squeezed light for bandwidth-limited atom optics experiments at the rubidium D1 line,” J. Phys. B 40, 221-226 (2007).
[CrossRef]

L. S. Cruz, D. Felinto, J. G. Aguirre Gómez, M. Martinelli, P. Valente, A. Lezama, and P. Nussenzveig, “Laser-noise-induced correlations and anti-correlations in electromagnetically induced transparency,” Eur. Phys. J. D 41, 531-539 (2007).
[CrossRef]

V. A. Sautenkov, H. Li, Y. V. Rostovtsev, and M. O. Scully, “Power spectra and correlations of intensity fluctuations in electromagnetically induced transparency,” J. Mod. Opt. 54, 2451-2457 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

M. T. L. Hsu, G. Hétet, A. Peng, C. C. Harb, H.-A. Bachor, M. T. Johnsson, J. J. Hope, P. K. Lam, A. Dantan, J. Cviklinski, A. Bramati, and M. Pinard, “Effect of atomic noise on optical squeezing via polariztion self-rotation in a thermal vapor cell,” Phys. Rev. A 73, 023806 (2006).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Vassiliev, S. A. Zibrov, and V. L. Velichansky, “Compact extended-cavity diode laser for atomic spectroscopy and metrology,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 013102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

V. A. Sautenkov, Y. V. Rostovtsev, and M. O. Scully, “Switching between photon-photon correlations and Raman anticorrelations in a coherently prepared Rb vapor,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 065801 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

M. Martinelli, P. Valente, H. Failache, D. Felinto, L. S. Cruz, P. Nussenzveig, and A. Lezama, “Noise spectroscopy of nonlinear magneto-optical resonances in Rb vapor,” Phys. Rev. A 69, 043809 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

J. Ries, B. Brezger, and A. I. Lvovsky, “Experimental vacuum squeezing in rubidium vapor via self-rotation,” Phys. Rev. A 68, 025801 (2003).
[CrossRef]

I. K. Kominis, T. W. Kornack, J. C. Allred, and M. V. Romalis, “A subfemtotesla multichannel atomic magnetometer,” Nature 422, 596-599 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002

D. Budker, W. Gawlik, D. F. Kimball, S. M. Rochester, V. V. Yashchuk, and A. Weis, “Resonant nonlinear magneto-optical effects in atoms,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 1153-1201 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. B. Matsko, I. Novikova, G. R. Welch, D. Budker, D. F. Kimball, and S. M. Rochester, “Vacuum squeezing in atomic media via self-rotation,” Phys. Rev. A 66, 043815 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. Budker, D. F. Kimball, S. M. Rochester, and V. V. Yashchuk, “Nonlinear electro- and magneto-optical effects related to Bennett structures,” Phys. Rev. A 65, 033401 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

2000

D. Budker, D. F. Kimball, S. M. Rochester, V. V. Yashchuk, and M. Zolotorev, “Sensitive magnetometry based on nonlinear magneto-optical rotation,” Phys. Rev. A 62, 043403 (2000).
[CrossRef]

V. A. Sautenkov, M. D. Lukin, C. J. Bednar, I. Novikova, E. Mikhailov, M. Fleischhauer, V. L. Velichansky, G. R. Welch, and M. O. Scully, “Enhancement of magneto-optic effects via large atomic coherence in optically dense media,” Phys. Rev. A 62, 023810 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999

J. C. Camparo and J. G. Coffer, “Conversion of laser phase noise to amplitude noise in a resonant atomic vapor: the role of laser linewidth,” Phys. Rev. A 59, 728-735 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998

1997

M. O. Scully and M. S. Zubairy, Quantum Optics (Cambridge U. Press, 1997).

1996

E. B. Alexandrov, M. V. Balabas, A. S. Pasgalev, A. K. Vershovskii, and N. N. Yakobson, “Double-resonance atomic magnetometers: from gas discharge to laser pumping,” Laser Phys. 6, 244-251 (1996).

1995

W. V. Davis, M. Kauranen, E. M. Nagasako, R. J. Gehr, A. L. Gaeta, R. W. Boyd, and G. S. Agarwal, “Excess noise acquired by a laser beam after propagating through an atomic-postassium vapor,” Phys. Rev. A 51, 4152-4159 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1994

R. Walser and P. Zoller, “Laser-noise-induced polarization fluctuation as a spectroscopic tool,” Phys. Rev. A 49, 5067-5077 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1993

1991

T. Yabuzaki, T. Mitsui, and U. Tanaka, “New type of high resolution sepctroscopy with a diode laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 2453-2456 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1984

L. D. Landau, E. M. Lifshitz, and L. P. Pitaevskii, Electrodynamics of Continuous Media (Butterworth-Heinemann, 1984).

Acosta, V. M.

M. P. Ledbetter, V. M. Acosta, S. M. Rochester, D. Budker, S. Pustelny, and V. V. Yashchuk, “Detection of radio-frequency magnetic fields using nonlinear magneto-optical rotation,” Phys. Rev. A 75, 023405 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Agarwal, G. S.

W. V. Davis, M. Kauranen, E. M. Nagasako, R. J. Gehr, A. L. Gaeta, R. W. Boyd, and G. S. Agarwal, “Excess noise acquired by a laser beam after propagating through an atomic-postassium vapor,” Phys. Rev. A 51, 4152-4159 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Aguirre Gómez, J. G.

L. S. Cruz, D. Felinto, J. G. Aguirre Gómez, M. Martinelli, P. Valente, A. Lezama, and P. Nussenzveig, “Laser-noise-induced correlations and anti-correlations in electromagnetically induced transparency,” Eur. Phys. J. D 41, 531-539 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Alexandrov, E. B.

E. B. Alexandrov, M. V. Balabas, A. S. Pasgalev, A. K. Vershovskii, and N. N. Yakobson, “Double-resonance atomic magnetometers: from gas discharge to laser pumping,” Laser Phys. 6, 244-251 (1996).

Allred, J. C.

I. K. Kominis, T. W. Kornack, J. C. Allred, and M. V. Romalis, “A subfemtotesla multichannel atomic magnetometer,” Nature 422, 596-599 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ariunbold, G. O.

T. S. Varzhapetyan, H. Li, G. O. Ariunbold, V. A. Sautenkov, Y. V. Rostovtsev, and M. O. Scully, “Intensity correlations in resonance nonlinear magneto-opticcal rotation,” arXiv:0803.3050v1 (2008).

G. O. Ariunbold, V. A. Sautenkov, Y. V. Rostovtsev, and M. O. Scully, “Intensity correlation and anticorrelations in coherently prepared atomic vapor,” arXiv:quant-ph/0603025.

Bachor, H.-A.

G. Hétet, O. Glöckl, K. A. Pilypas, C. C. Harb, B. C. Buchler, H.-A. Bachor, and P. K. Lam, “Squeezed light for bandwidth-limited atom optics experiments at the rubidium D1 line,” J. Phys. B 40, 221-226 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. T. L. Hsu, G. Hétet, A. Peng, C. C. Harb, H.-A. Bachor, M. T. Johnsson, J. J. Hope, P. K. Lam, A. Dantan, J. Cviklinski, A. Bramati, and M. Pinard, “Effect of atomic noise on optical squeezing via polariztion self-rotation in a thermal vapor cell,” Phys. Rev. A 73, 023806 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Balabas, M. V.

E. B. Alexandrov, M. V. Balabas, A. S. Pasgalev, A. K. Vershovskii, and N. N. Yakobson, “Double-resonance atomic magnetometers: from gas discharge to laser pumping,” Laser Phys. 6, 244-251 (1996).

Bednar, C. J.

V. A. Sautenkov, M. D. Lukin, C. J. Bednar, I. Novikova, E. Mikhailov, M. Fleischhauer, V. L. Velichansky, G. R. Welch, and M. O. Scully, “Enhancement of magneto-optic effects via large atomic coherence in optically dense media,” Phys. Rev. A 62, 023810 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Boyd, R. W.

W. V. Davis, M. Kauranen, E. M. Nagasako, R. J. Gehr, A. L. Gaeta, R. W. Boyd, and G. S. Agarwal, “Excess noise acquired by a laser beam after propagating through an atomic-postassium vapor,” Phys. Rev. A 51, 4152-4159 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bramati, A.

M. T. L. Hsu, G. Hétet, A. Peng, C. C. Harb, H.-A. Bachor, M. T. Johnsson, J. J. Hope, P. K. Lam, A. Dantan, J. Cviklinski, A. Bramati, and M. Pinard, “Effect of atomic noise on optical squeezing via polariztion self-rotation in a thermal vapor cell,” Phys. Rev. A 73, 023806 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Brezger, B.

J. Ries, B. Brezger, and A. I. Lvovsky, “Experimental vacuum squeezing in rubidium vapor via self-rotation,” Phys. Rev. A 68, 025801 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Buchler, B. C.

G. Hétet, O. Glöckl, K. A. Pilypas, C. C. Harb, B. C. Buchler, H.-A. Bachor, and P. K. Lam, “Squeezed light for bandwidth-limited atom optics experiments at the rubidium D1 line,” J. Phys. B 40, 221-226 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Budker, D.

M. P. Ledbetter, V. M. Acosta, S. M. Rochester, D. Budker, S. Pustelny, and V. V. Yashchuk, “Detection of radio-frequency magnetic fields using nonlinear magneto-optical rotation,” Phys. Rev. A 75, 023405 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. B. Matsko, I. Novikova, G. R. Welch, D. Budker, D. F. Kimball, and S. M. Rochester, “Vacuum squeezing in atomic media via self-rotation,” Phys. Rev. A 66, 043815 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. Budker, D. F. Kimball, S. M. Rochester, and V. V. Yashchuk, “Nonlinear electro- and magneto-optical effects related to Bennett structures,” Phys. Rev. A 65, 033401 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. Budker, W. Gawlik, D. F. Kimball, S. M. Rochester, V. V. Yashchuk, and A. Weis, “Resonant nonlinear magneto-optical effects in atoms,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 1153-1201 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. Budker, D. F. Kimball, S. M. Rochester, V. V. Yashchuk, and M. Zolotorev, “Sensitive magnetometry based on nonlinear magneto-optical rotation,” Phys. Rev. A 62, 043403 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Camparo, J. C.

J. C. Camparo and J. G. Coffer, “Conversion of laser phase noise to amplitude noise in a resonant atomic vapor: the role of laser linewidth,” Phys. Rev. A 59, 728-735 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Camparo, “Conversion of laser phase noise to amplitude noise in an optically thick vapor,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 1177-1186 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Coffer, J. G.

J. C. Camparo and J. G. Coffer, “Conversion of laser phase noise to amplitude noise in a resonant atomic vapor: the role of laser linewidth,” Phys. Rev. A 59, 728-735 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Cooper, J.

Cruz, L. S.

L. S. Cruz, D. Felinto, J. G. Aguirre Gómez, M. Martinelli, P. Valente, A. Lezama, and P. Nussenzveig, “Laser-noise-induced correlations and anti-correlations in electromagnetically induced transparency,” Eur. Phys. J. D 41, 531-539 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Martinelli, P. Valente, H. Failache, D. Felinto, L. S. Cruz, P. Nussenzveig, and A. Lezama, “Noise spectroscopy of nonlinear magneto-optical resonances in Rb vapor,” Phys. Rev. A 69, 043809 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Cviklinski, J.

M. T. L. Hsu, G. Hétet, A. Peng, C. C. Harb, H.-A. Bachor, M. T. Johnsson, J. J. Hope, P. K. Lam, A. Dantan, J. Cviklinski, A. Bramati, and M. Pinard, “Effect of atomic noise on optical squeezing via polariztion self-rotation in a thermal vapor cell,” Phys. Rev. A 73, 023806 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Dantan, A.

M. T. L. Hsu, G. Hétet, A. Peng, C. C. Harb, H.-A. Bachor, M. T. Johnsson, J. J. Hope, P. K. Lam, A. Dantan, J. Cviklinski, A. Bramati, and M. Pinard, “Effect of atomic noise on optical squeezing via polariztion self-rotation in a thermal vapor cell,” Phys. Rev. A 73, 023806 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Davis, W. V.

W. V. Davis, M. Kauranen, E. M. Nagasako, R. J. Gehr, A. L. Gaeta, R. W. Boyd, and G. S. Agarwal, “Excess noise acquired by a laser beam after propagating through an atomic-postassium vapor,” Phys. Rev. A 51, 4152-4159 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Failache, H.

M. Martinelli, P. Valente, H. Failache, D. Felinto, L. S. Cruz, P. Nussenzveig, and A. Lezama, “Noise spectroscopy of nonlinear magneto-optical resonances in Rb vapor,” Phys. Rev. A 69, 043809 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Fairchild, C. E.

Felinto, D.

L. S. Cruz, D. Felinto, J. G. Aguirre Gómez, M. Martinelli, P. Valente, A. Lezama, and P. Nussenzveig, “Laser-noise-induced correlations and anti-correlations in electromagnetically induced transparency,” Eur. Phys. J. D 41, 531-539 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Martinelli, P. Valente, H. Failache, D. Felinto, L. S. Cruz, P. Nussenzveig, and A. Lezama, “Noise spectroscopy of nonlinear magneto-optical resonances in Rb vapor,” Phys. Rev. A 69, 043809 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Fleischhauer, M.

V. A. Sautenkov, M. D. Lukin, C. J. Bednar, I. Novikova, E. Mikhailov, M. Fleischhauer, V. L. Velichansky, G. R. Welch, and M. O. Scully, “Enhancement of magneto-optic effects via large atomic coherence in optically dense media,” Phys. Rev. A 62, 023810 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Gaeta, A. L.

W. V. Davis, M. Kauranen, E. M. Nagasako, R. J. Gehr, A. L. Gaeta, R. W. Boyd, and G. S. Agarwal, “Excess noise acquired by a laser beam after propagating through an atomic-postassium vapor,” Phys. Rev. A 51, 4152-4159 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gawlik, W.

D. Budker, W. Gawlik, D. F. Kimball, S. M. Rochester, V. V. Yashchuk, and A. Weis, “Resonant nonlinear magneto-optical effects in atoms,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 1153-1201 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Gehr, R. J.

W. V. Davis, M. Kauranen, E. M. Nagasako, R. J. Gehr, A. L. Gaeta, R. W. Boyd, and G. S. Agarwal, “Excess noise acquired by a laser beam after propagating through an atomic-postassium vapor,” Phys. Rev. A 51, 4152-4159 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Glöckl, O.

G. Hétet, O. Glöckl, K. A. Pilypas, C. C. Harb, B. C. Buchler, H.-A. Bachor, and P. K. Lam, “Squeezed light for bandwidth-limited atom optics experiments at the rubidium D1 line,” J. Phys. B 40, 221-226 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Harb, C. C.

G. Hétet, O. Glöckl, K. A. Pilypas, C. C. Harb, B. C. Buchler, H.-A. Bachor, and P. K. Lam, “Squeezed light for bandwidth-limited atom optics experiments at the rubidium D1 line,” J. Phys. B 40, 221-226 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. T. L. Hsu, G. Hétet, A. Peng, C. C. Harb, H.-A. Bachor, M. T. Johnsson, J. J. Hope, P. K. Lam, A. Dantan, J. Cviklinski, A. Bramati, and M. Pinard, “Effect of atomic noise on optical squeezing via polariztion self-rotation in a thermal vapor cell,” Phys. Rev. A 73, 023806 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hétet, G.

G. Hétet, O. Glöckl, K. A. Pilypas, C. C. Harb, B. C. Buchler, H.-A. Bachor, and P. K. Lam, “Squeezed light for bandwidth-limited atom optics experiments at the rubidium D1 line,” J. Phys. B 40, 221-226 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. T. L. Hsu, G. Hétet, A. Peng, C. C. Harb, H.-A. Bachor, M. T. Johnsson, J. J. Hope, P. K. Lam, A. Dantan, J. Cviklinski, A. Bramati, and M. Pinard, “Effect of atomic noise on optical squeezing via polariztion self-rotation in a thermal vapor cell,” Phys. Rev. A 73, 023806 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hollberg, L.

Hope, J. J.

M. T. L. Hsu, G. Hétet, A. Peng, C. C. Harb, H.-A. Bachor, M. T. Johnsson, J. J. Hope, P. K. Lam, A. Dantan, J. Cviklinski, A. Bramati, and M. Pinard, “Effect of atomic noise on optical squeezing via polariztion self-rotation in a thermal vapor cell,” Phys. Rev. A 73, 023806 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hsu, M. T. L.

M. T. L. Hsu, G. Hétet, A. Peng, C. C. Harb, H.-A. Bachor, M. T. Johnsson, J. J. Hope, P. K. Lam, A. Dantan, J. Cviklinski, A. Bramati, and M. Pinard, “Effect of atomic noise on optical squeezing via polariztion self-rotation in a thermal vapor cell,” Phys. Rev. A 73, 023806 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Johnsson, M. T.

M. T. L. Hsu, G. Hétet, A. Peng, C. C. Harb, H.-A. Bachor, M. T. Johnsson, J. J. Hope, P. K. Lam, A. Dantan, J. Cviklinski, A. Bramati, and M. Pinard, “Effect of atomic noise on optical squeezing via polariztion self-rotation in a thermal vapor cell,” Phys. Rev. A 73, 023806 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kauranen, M.

W. V. Davis, M. Kauranen, E. M. Nagasako, R. J. Gehr, A. L. Gaeta, R. W. Boyd, and G. S. Agarwal, “Excess noise acquired by a laser beam after propagating through an atomic-postassium vapor,” Phys. Rev. A 51, 4152-4159 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kimball, D. F.

D. Budker, D. F. Kimball, S. M. Rochester, and V. V. Yashchuk, “Nonlinear electro- and magneto-optical effects related to Bennett structures,” Phys. Rev. A 65, 033401 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. B. Matsko, I. Novikova, G. R. Welch, D. Budker, D. F. Kimball, and S. M. Rochester, “Vacuum squeezing in atomic media via self-rotation,” Phys. Rev. A 66, 043815 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. Budker, W. Gawlik, D. F. Kimball, S. M. Rochester, V. V. Yashchuk, and A. Weis, “Resonant nonlinear magneto-optical effects in atoms,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 1153-1201 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. Budker, D. F. Kimball, S. M. Rochester, V. V. Yashchuk, and M. Zolotorev, “Sensitive magnetometry based on nonlinear magneto-optical rotation,” Phys. Rev. A 62, 043403 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kitching, J.

Knappe, S.

Kominis, I. K.

I. K. Kominis, T. W. Kornack, J. C. Allred, and M. V. Romalis, “A subfemtotesla multichannel atomic magnetometer,” Nature 422, 596-599 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kornack, T. W.

I. K. Kominis, T. W. Kornack, J. C. Allred, and M. V. Romalis, “A subfemtotesla multichannel atomic magnetometer,” Nature 422, 596-599 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lam, P. K.

G. Hétet, O. Glöckl, K. A. Pilypas, C. C. Harb, B. C. Buchler, H.-A. Bachor, and P. K. Lam, “Squeezed light for bandwidth-limited atom optics experiments at the rubidium D1 line,” J. Phys. B 40, 221-226 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. T. L. Hsu, G. Hétet, A. Peng, C. C. Harb, H.-A. Bachor, M. T. Johnsson, J. J. Hope, P. K. Lam, A. Dantan, J. Cviklinski, A. Bramati, and M. Pinard, “Effect of atomic noise on optical squeezing via polariztion self-rotation in a thermal vapor cell,” Phys. Rev. A 73, 023806 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Landau, L. D.

L. D. Landau, E. M. Lifshitz, and L. P. Pitaevskii, Electrodynamics of Continuous Media (Butterworth-Heinemann, 1984).

Ledbetter, M. P.

M. P. Ledbetter, V. M. Acosta, S. M. Rochester, D. Budker, S. Pustelny, and V. V. Yashchuk, “Detection of radio-frequency magnetic fields using nonlinear magneto-optical rotation,” Phys. Rev. A 75, 023405 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lezama, A.

L. S. Cruz, D. Felinto, J. G. Aguirre Gómez, M. Martinelli, P. Valente, A. Lezama, and P. Nussenzveig, “Laser-noise-induced correlations and anti-correlations in electromagnetically induced transparency,” Eur. Phys. J. D 41, 531-539 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Martinelli, P. Valente, H. Failache, D. Felinto, L. S. Cruz, P. Nussenzveig, and A. Lezama, “Noise spectroscopy of nonlinear magneto-optical resonances in Rb vapor,” Phys. Rev. A 69, 043809 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Li, H.

T. S. Varzhapetyan, H. Li, G. O. Ariunbold, V. A. Sautenkov, Y. V. Rostovtsev, and M. O. Scully, “Intensity correlations in resonance nonlinear magneto-opticcal rotation,” arXiv:0803.3050v1 (2008).

V. A. Sautenkov, H. Li, Y. V. Rostovtsev, and M. O. Scully, “Power spectra and correlations of intensity fluctuations in electromagnetically induced transparency,” J. Mod. Opt. 54, 2451-2457 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lifshitz, E. M.

L. D. Landau, E. M. Lifshitz, and L. P. Pitaevskii, Electrodynamics of Continuous Media (Butterworth-Heinemann, 1984).

Lukin, M. D.

V. A. Sautenkov, M. D. Lukin, C. J. Bednar, I. Novikova, E. Mikhailov, M. Fleischhauer, V. L. Velichansky, G. R. Welch, and M. O. Scully, “Enhancement of magneto-optic effects via large atomic coherence in optically dense media,” Phys. Rev. A 62, 023810 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lvovsky, A. I.

J. Ries, B. Brezger, and A. I. Lvovsky, “Experimental vacuum squeezing in rubidium vapor via self-rotation,” Phys. Rev. A 68, 025801 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Martinelli, M.

L. S. Cruz, D. Felinto, J. G. Aguirre Gómez, M. Martinelli, P. Valente, A. Lezama, and P. Nussenzveig, “Laser-noise-induced correlations and anti-correlations in electromagnetically induced transparency,” Eur. Phys. J. D 41, 531-539 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Martinelli, P. Valente, H. Failache, D. Felinto, L. S. Cruz, P. Nussenzveig, and A. Lezama, “Noise spectroscopy of nonlinear magneto-optical resonances in Rb vapor,” Phys. Rev. A 69, 043809 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Matsko, A. B.

A. B. Matsko, I. Novikova, G. R. Welch, D. Budker, D. F. Kimball, and S. M. Rochester, “Vacuum squeezing in atomic media via self-rotation,” Phys. Rev. A 66, 043815 (2002).
[CrossRef]

McIntyre, D. H.

Mikhailov, E.

V. A. Sautenkov, M. D. Lukin, C. J. Bednar, I. Novikova, E. Mikhailov, M. Fleischhauer, V. L. Velichansky, G. R. Welch, and M. O. Scully, “Enhancement of magneto-optic effects via large atomic coherence in optically dense media,” Phys. Rev. A 62, 023810 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Mikhailov, E. E.

Mitsui, T.

T. Yabuzaki, T. Mitsui, and U. Tanaka, “New type of high resolution sepctroscopy with a diode laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 2453-2456 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nagasako, E. M.

W. V. Davis, M. Kauranen, E. M. Nagasako, R. J. Gehr, A. L. Gaeta, R. W. Boyd, and G. S. Agarwal, “Excess noise acquired by a laser beam after propagating through an atomic-postassium vapor,” Phys. Rev. A 51, 4152-4159 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Novikova, I.

E. E. Mikhailov and I. Novikova, “Low-frequency vacuum squeezing via polarization self-rotation in Rb vapor,” Opt. Lett. 33, 1213-1215 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. B. Matsko, I. Novikova, G. R. Welch, D. Budker, D. F. Kimball, and S. M. Rochester, “Vacuum squeezing in atomic media via self-rotation,” Phys. Rev. A 66, 043815 (2002).
[CrossRef]

V. A. Sautenkov, M. D. Lukin, C. J. Bednar, I. Novikova, E. Mikhailov, M. Fleischhauer, V. L. Velichansky, G. R. Welch, and M. O. Scully, “Enhancement of magneto-optic effects via large atomic coherence in optically dense media,” Phys. Rev. A 62, 023810 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Nussenzveig, P.

L. S. Cruz, D. Felinto, J. G. Aguirre Gómez, M. Martinelli, P. Valente, A. Lezama, and P. Nussenzveig, “Laser-noise-induced correlations and anti-correlations in electromagnetically induced transparency,” Eur. Phys. J. D 41, 531-539 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Martinelli, P. Valente, H. Failache, D. Felinto, L. S. Cruz, P. Nussenzveig, and A. Lezama, “Noise spectroscopy of nonlinear magneto-optical resonances in Rb vapor,” Phys. Rev. A 69, 043809 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Pasgalev, A. S.

E. B. Alexandrov, M. V. Balabas, A. S. Pasgalev, A. K. Vershovskii, and N. N. Yakobson, “Double-resonance atomic magnetometers: from gas discharge to laser pumping,” Laser Phys. 6, 244-251 (1996).

Peng, A.

M. T. L. Hsu, G. Hétet, A. Peng, C. C. Harb, H.-A. Bachor, M. T. Johnsson, J. J. Hope, P. K. Lam, A. Dantan, J. Cviklinski, A. Bramati, and M. Pinard, “Effect of atomic noise on optical squeezing via polariztion self-rotation in a thermal vapor cell,” Phys. Rev. A 73, 023806 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Pilypas, K. A.

G. Hétet, O. Glöckl, K. A. Pilypas, C. C. Harb, B. C. Buchler, H.-A. Bachor, and P. K. Lam, “Squeezed light for bandwidth-limited atom optics experiments at the rubidium D1 line,” J. Phys. B 40, 221-226 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Pinard, M.

M. T. L. Hsu, G. Hétet, A. Peng, C. C. Harb, H.-A. Bachor, M. T. Johnsson, J. J. Hope, P. K. Lam, A. Dantan, J. Cviklinski, A. Bramati, and M. Pinard, “Effect of atomic noise on optical squeezing via polariztion self-rotation in a thermal vapor cell,” Phys. Rev. A 73, 023806 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Pitaevskii, L. P.

L. D. Landau, E. M. Lifshitz, and L. P. Pitaevskii, Electrodynamics of Continuous Media (Butterworth-Heinemann, 1984).

Pustelny, S.

M. P. Ledbetter, V. M. Acosta, S. M. Rochester, D. Budker, S. Pustelny, and V. V. Yashchuk, “Detection of radio-frequency magnetic fields using nonlinear magneto-optical rotation,” Phys. Rev. A 75, 023405 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ries, J.

J. Ries, B. Brezger, and A. I. Lvovsky, “Experimental vacuum squeezing in rubidium vapor via self-rotation,” Phys. Rev. A 68, 025801 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Robinson, H. G.

Rochester, S. M.

M. P. Ledbetter, V. M. Acosta, S. M. Rochester, D. Budker, S. Pustelny, and V. V. Yashchuk, “Detection of radio-frequency magnetic fields using nonlinear magneto-optical rotation,” Phys. Rev. A 75, 023405 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. B. Matsko, I. Novikova, G. R. Welch, D. Budker, D. F. Kimball, and S. M. Rochester, “Vacuum squeezing in atomic media via self-rotation,” Phys. Rev. A 66, 043815 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. Budker, D. F. Kimball, S. M. Rochester, and V. V. Yashchuk, “Nonlinear electro- and magneto-optical effects related to Bennett structures,” Phys. Rev. A 65, 033401 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. Budker, W. Gawlik, D. F. Kimball, S. M. Rochester, V. V. Yashchuk, and A. Weis, “Resonant nonlinear magneto-optical effects in atoms,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 1153-1201 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. Budker, D. F. Kimball, S. M. Rochester, V. V. Yashchuk, and M. Zolotorev, “Sensitive magnetometry based on nonlinear magneto-optical rotation,” Phys. Rev. A 62, 043403 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Romalis, M. V.

I. K. Kominis, T. W. Kornack, J. C. Allred, and M. V. Romalis, “A subfemtotesla multichannel atomic magnetometer,” Nature 422, 596-599 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rostovtsev, Y. V.

T. S. Varzhapetyan, H. Li, G. O. Ariunbold, V. A. Sautenkov, Y. V. Rostovtsev, and M. O. Scully, “Intensity correlations in resonance nonlinear magneto-opticcal rotation,” arXiv:0803.3050v1 (2008).

V. A. Sautenkov, H. Li, Y. V. Rostovtsev, and M. O. Scully, “Power spectra and correlations of intensity fluctuations in electromagnetically induced transparency,” J. Mod. Opt. 54, 2451-2457 (2007).
[CrossRef]

V. A. Sautenkov, Y. V. Rostovtsev, and M. O. Scully, “Switching between photon-photon correlations and Raman anticorrelations in a coherently prepared Rb vapor,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 065801 (2005).
[CrossRef]

G. O. Ariunbold, V. A. Sautenkov, Y. V. Rostovtsev, and M. O. Scully, “Intensity correlation and anticorrelations in coherently prepared atomic vapor,” arXiv:quant-ph/0603025.

Sautenkov, V. A.

T. S. Varzhapetyan, H. Li, G. O. Ariunbold, V. A. Sautenkov, Y. V. Rostovtsev, and M. O. Scully, “Intensity correlations in resonance nonlinear magneto-opticcal rotation,” arXiv:0803.3050v1 (2008).

V. A. Sautenkov, H. Li, Y. V. Rostovtsev, and M. O. Scully, “Power spectra and correlations of intensity fluctuations in electromagnetically induced transparency,” J. Mod. Opt. 54, 2451-2457 (2007).
[CrossRef]

V. A. Sautenkov, Y. V. Rostovtsev, and M. O. Scully, “Switching between photon-photon correlations and Raman anticorrelations in a coherently prepared Rb vapor,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 065801 (2005).
[CrossRef]

V. A. Sautenkov, M. D. Lukin, C. J. Bednar, I. Novikova, E. Mikhailov, M. Fleischhauer, V. L. Velichansky, G. R. Welch, and M. O. Scully, “Enhancement of magneto-optic effects via large atomic coherence in optically dense media,” Phys. Rev. A 62, 023810 (2000).
[CrossRef]

G. O. Ariunbold, V. A. Sautenkov, Y. V. Rostovtsev, and M. O. Scully, “Intensity correlation and anticorrelations in coherently prepared atomic vapor,” arXiv:quant-ph/0603025.

Scully, M. O.

T. S. Varzhapetyan, H. Li, G. O. Ariunbold, V. A. Sautenkov, Y. V. Rostovtsev, and M. O. Scully, “Intensity correlations in resonance nonlinear magneto-opticcal rotation,” arXiv:0803.3050v1 (2008).

V. A. Sautenkov, H. Li, Y. V. Rostovtsev, and M. O. Scully, “Power spectra and correlations of intensity fluctuations in electromagnetically induced transparency,” J. Mod. Opt. 54, 2451-2457 (2007).
[CrossRef]

V. A. Sautenkov, Y. V. Rostovtsev, and M. O. Scully, “Switching between photon-photon correlations and Raman anticorrelations in a coherently prepared Rb vapor,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 065801 (2005).
[CrossRef]

V. A. Sautenkov, M. D. Lukin, C. J. Bednar, I. Novikova, E. Mikhailov, M. Fleischhauer, V. L. Velichansky, G. R. Welch, and M. O. Scully, “Enhancement of magneto-optic effects via large atomic coherence in optically dense media,” Phys. Rev. A 62, 023810 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. O. Scully and M. S. Zubairy, Quantum Optics (Cambridge U. Press, 1997).

G. O. Ariunbold, V. A. Sautenkov, Y. V. Rostovtsev, and M. O. Scully, “Intensity correlation and anticorrelations in coherently prepared atomic vapor,” arXiv:quant-ph/0603025.

Tanaka, U.

T. Yabuzaki, T. Mitsui, and U. Tanaka, “New type of high resolution sepctroscopy with a diode laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 2453-2456 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Valente, P.

L. S. Cruz, D. Felinto, J. G. Aguirre Gómez, M. Martinelli, P. Valente, A. Lezama, and P. Nussenzveig, “Laser-noise-induced correlations and anti-correlations in electromagnetically induced transparency,” Eur. Phys. J. D 41, 531-539 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Martinelli, P. Valente, H. Failache, D. Felinto, L. S. Cruz, P. Nussenzveig, and A. Lezama, “Noise spectroscopy of nonlinear magneto-optical resonances in Rb vapor,” Phys. Rev. A 69, 043809 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Varzhapetyan, T. S.

T. S. Varzhapetyan, H. Li, G. O. Ariunbold, V. A. Sautenkov, Y. V. Rostovtsev, and M. O. Scully, “Intensity correlations in resonance nonlinear magneto-opticcal rotation,” arXiv:0803.3050v1 (2008).

Vassiliev, V. V.

V. V. Vassiliev, S. A. Zibrov, and V. L. Velichansky, “Compact extended-cavity diode laser for atomic spectroscopy and metrology,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 013102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Velichansky, V. L.

V. V. Vassiliev, S. A. Zibrov, and V. L. Velichansky, “Compact extended-cavity diode laser for atomic spectroscopy and metrology,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 013102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

V. A. Sautenkov, M. D. Lukin, C. J. Bednar, I. Novikova, E. Mikhailov, M. Fleischhauer, V. L. Velichansky, G. R. Welch, and M. O. Scully, “Enhancement of magneto-optic effects via large atomic coherence in optically dense media,” Phys. Rev. A 62, 023810 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Vershovskii, A. K.

E. B. Alexandrov, M. V. Balabas, A. S. Pasgalev, A. K. Vershovskii, and N. N. Yakobson, “Double-resonance atomic magnetometers: from gas discharge to laser pumping,” Laser Phys. 6, 244-251 (1996).

Walser, R.

R. Walser and P. Zoller, “Laser-noise-induced polarization fluctuation as a spectroscopic tool,” Phys. Rev. A 49, 5067-5077 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. H. McIntyre, C. E. Fairchild, J. Cooper, and R. Walser, “Diode-laser noise spectroscopy of rubidium,” Opt. Lett. 18, 1816-1818 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Weis, A.

D. Budker, W. Gawlik, D. F. Kimball, S. M. Rochester, V. V. Yashchuk, and A. Weis, “Resonant nonlinear magneto-optical effects in atoms,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 1153-1201 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Welch, G. R.

A. B. Matsko, I. Novikova, G. R. Welch, D. Budker, D. F. Kimball, and S. M. Rochester, “Vacuum squeezing in atomic media via self-rotation,” Phys. Rev. A 66, 043815 (2002).
[CrossRef]

V. A. Sautenkov, M. D. Lukin, C. J. Bednar, I. Novikova, E. Mikhailov, M. Fleischhauer, V. L. Velichansky, G. R. Welch, and M. O. Scully, “Enhancement of magneto-optic effects via large atomic coherence in optically dense media,” Phys. Rev. A 62, 023810 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Wynands, R.

Yabuzaki, T.

T. Yabuzaki, T. Mitsui, and U. Tanaka, “New type of high resolution sepctroscopy with a diode laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 2453-2456 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yakobson, N. N.

E. B. Alexandrov, M. V. Balabas, A. S. Pasgalev, A. K. Vershovskii, and N. N. Yakobson, “Double-resonance atomic magnetometers: from gas discharge to laser pumping,” Laser Phys. 6, 244-251 (1996).

Yashchuk, V. V.

M. P. Ledbetter, V. M. Acosta, S. M. Rochester, D. Budker, S. Pustelny, and V. V. Yashchuk, “Detection of radio-frequency magnetic fields using nonlinear magneto-optical rotation,” Phys. Rev. A 75, 023405 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. Budker, D. F. Kimball, S. M. Rochester, and V. V. Yashchuk, “Nonlinear electro- and magneto-optical effects related to Bennett structures,” Phys. Rev. A 65, 033401 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. Budker, W. Gawlik, D. F. Kimball, S. M. Rochester, V. V. Yashchuk, and A. Weis, “Resonant nonlinear magneto-optical effects in atoms,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 1153-1201 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. Budker, D. F. Kimball, S. M. Rochester, V. V. Yashchuk, and M. Zolotorev, “Sensitive magnetometry based on nonlinear magneto-optical rotation,” Phys. Rev. A 62, 043403 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Zibrov, S. A.

V. V. Vassiliev, S. A. Zibrov, and V. L. Velichansky, “Compact extended-cavity diode laser for atomic spectroscopy and metrology,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 013102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zoller, P.

R. Walser and P. Zoller, “Laser-noise-induced polarization fluctuation as a spectroscopic tool,” Phys. Rev. A 49, 5067-5077 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zolotorev, M.

D. Budker, D. F. Kimball, S. M. Rochester, V. V. Yashchuk, and M. Zolotorev, “Sensitive magnetometry based on nonlinear magneto-optical rotation,” Phys. Rev. A 62, 043403 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Zubairy, M. S.

M. O. Scully and M. S. Zubairy, Quantum Optics (Cambridge U. Press, 1997).

Eur. Phys. J. D

L. S. Cruz, D. Felinto, J. G. Aguirre Gómez, M. Martinelli, P. Valente, A. Lezama, and P. Nussenzveig, “Laser-noise-induced correlations and anti-correlations in electromagnetically induced transparency,” Eur. Phys. J. D 41, 531-539 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Mod. Opt.

V. A. Sautenkov, H. Li, Y. V. Rostovtsev, and M. O. Scully, “Power spectra and correlations of intensity fluctuations in electromagnetically induced transparency,” J. Mod. Opt. 54, 2451-2457 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

J. Phys. B

G. Hétet, O. Glöckl, K. A. Pilypas, C. C. Harb, B. C. Buchler, H.-A. Bachor, and P. K. Lam, “Squeezed light for bandwidth-limited atom optics experiments at the rubidium D1 line,” J. Phys. B 40, 221-226 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Laser Phys.

E. B. Alexandrov, M. V. Balabas, A. S. Pasgalev, A. K. Vershovskii, and N. N. Yakobson, “Double-resonance atomic magnetometers: from gas discharge to laser pumping,” Laser Phys. 6, 244-251 (1996).

Nature

I. K. Kominis, T. W. Kornack, J. C. Allred, and M. V. Romalis, “A subfemtotesla multichannel atomic magnetometer,” Nature 422, 596-599 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. A

D. Budker, D. F. Kimball, S. M. Rochester, and V. V. Yashchuk, “Nonlinear electro- and magneto-optical effects related to Bennett structures,” Phys. Rev. A 65, 033401 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. Budker, D. F. Kimball, S. M. Rochester, V. V. Yashchuk, and M. Zolotorev, “Sensitive magnetometry based on nonlinear magneto-optical rotation,” Phys. Rev. A 62, 043403 (2000).
[CrossRef]

V. A. Sautenkov, M. D. Lukin, C. J. Bednar, I. Novikova, E. Mikhailov, M. Fleischhauer, V. L. Velichansky, G. R. Welch, and M. O. Scully, “Enhancement of magneto-optic effects via large atomic coherence in optically dense media,” Phys. Rev. A 62, 023810 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. P. Ledbetter, V. M. Acosta, S. M. Rochester, D. Budker, S. Pustelny, and V. V. Yashchuk, “Detection of radio-frequency magnetic fields using nonlinear magneto-optical rotation,” Phys. Rev. A 75, 023405 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Camparo and J. G. Coffer, “Conversion of laser phase noise to amplitude noise in a resonant atomic vapor: the role of laser linewidth,” Phys. Rev. A 59, 728-735 (1999).
[CrossRef]

W. V. Davis, M. Kauranen, E. M. Nagasako, R. J. Gehr, A. L. Gaeta, R. W. Boyd, and G. S. Agarwal, “Excess noise acquired by a laser beam after propagating through an atomic-postassium vapor,” Phys. Rev. A 51, 4152-4159 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Walser and P. Zoller, “Laser-noise-induced polarization fluctuation as a spectroscopic tool,” Phys. Rev. A 49, 5067-5077 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. B. Matsko, I. Novikova, G. R. Welch, D. Budker, D. F. Kimball, and S. M. Rochester, “Vacuum squeezing in atomic media via self-rotation,” Phys. Rev. A 66, 043815 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Ries, B. Brezger, and A. I. Lvovsky, “Experimental vacuum squeezing in rubidium vapor via self-rotation,” Phys. Rev. A 68, 025801 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. T. L. Hsu, G. Hétet, A. Peng, C. C. Harb, H.-A. Bachor, M. T. Johnsson, J. J. Hope, P. K. Lam, A. Dantan, J. Cviklinski, A. Bramati, and M. Pinard, “Effect of atomic noise on optical squeezing via polariztion self-rotation in a thermal vapor cell,” Phys. Rev. A 73, 023806 (2006).
[CrossRef]

V. A. Sautenkov, Y. V. Rostovtsev, and M. O. Scully, “Switching between photon-photon correlations and Raman anticorrelations in a coherently prepared Rb vapor,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 065801 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Martinelli, P. Valente, H. Failache, D. Felinto, L. S. Cruz, P. Nussenzveig, and A. Lezama, “Noise spectroscopy of nonlinear magneto-optical resonances in Rb vapor,” Phys. Rev. A 69, 043809 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

T. Yabuzaki, T. Mitsui, and U. Tanaka, “New type of high resolution sepctroscopy with a diode laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 2453-2456 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rev. Mod. Phys.

D. Budker, W. Gawlik, D. F. Kimball, S. M. Rochester, V. V. Yashchuk, and A. Weis, “Resonant nonlinear magneto-optical effects in atoms,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 1153-1201 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum.

V. V. Vassiliev, S. A. Zibrov, and V. L. Velichansky, “Compact extended-cavity diode laser for atomic spectroscopy and metrology,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 013102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Other

M. O. Scully and M. S. Zubairy, Quantum Optics (Cambridge U. Press, 1997).

L. D. Landau, E. M. Lifshitz, and L. P. Pitaevskii, Electrodynamics of Continuous Media (Butterworth-Heinemann, 1984).

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T. S. Varzhapetyan, H. Li, G. O. Ariunbold, V. A. Sautenkov, Y. V. Rostovtsev, and M. O. Scully, “Intensity correlations in resonance nonlinear magneto-opticcal rotation,” arXiv:0803.3050v1 (2008).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental schematic and the energy diagram (inset). ECDL: external cavity diode laser; OI: optical isolator; PBS: polarizing beam splitter; λ 2 : half-wave-plate; BPD: balanced photodiode; SA: spectrum analyzer; PC: computer.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Power spectra of the noise from laser beams in an NMOR experiment with the magnetic field B = 0 . The left and right figures show the spectra with input laser powers of 0.24 and 0.49 mW , respectively. Traces (a1) and (b1) are the noise spectra of one laser beam. Traces (a2) and (b2) are the noise spectra of the balanced signal (with both beams). The red dashed lines indicate the expected shot-noise level. The spectrum analyzer was set up with a resolution of 300 kHz and a video bandwidth of 100 Hz .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Polarization rotation is plotted as a function of the longitudinal magnetic field B.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Noise spectra dependence on the longitudinal magnetic field. The noise level is plotted as a function of both the frequency and the magnetic field. (a) The spectra corresponding to magnetic fields ranging from 0   to   26.3 mG ; (b) the spectra corresponding to magnetic fields ranging from 26.3   to   184 mG . The arrows denote the ascending direction of the magnitude of the magnetic field.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Level of noise at different frequencies is plotted as a function of the magnitude of the magnetic field. (b) The magnification of the dashed square region in (a). Different symbols denote different frequencies. Solid square: 2 MHz ; hollow square: 5 MHz ; solid triangle: 10 MHz ; hollow triangle: 15 MHz ; dot: 20 MHz ; circle: 30 MHz . The solid curves are smooth connections of the data points.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Three-level system coupled with two laser fields Ω and Ω + .

Equations (13)

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ϕ = 1 2 arcsin ( I 1 I 2 I 1 + I 2 ) .
I i = I 0 + I ( t ) + δ I i ( t ) ( i = 1 , 2 ) ,
H ̂ = Ω a b + Ω + a c + H.c. ,
ρ ̇ = i [ H , ρ ] 1 2 ( Γ ̂ ρ + ρ Γ ̂ ) ,
Ω z = i η b ρ a b , Ω + z = i η c ρ a c ,
δ I Im ( ρ a b Ω * ) , δ I + Im ( ρ a c Ω + * ) .
ρ a b = i Γ c b ( Γ i δ ) n a b + n c b Ω 2 Γ c b ( δ 2 + Γ 2 ) + 2 Γ Ω 2 Ω ,
ρ c a = i Γ c b ( Γ + i δ ) n c a + n c b Ω 2 Γ c b ( δ 2 + Γ 2 ) + 2 Γ Ω 2 Ω ,
A = ( Γ c b Γ Γ ̃ c b + Γ b c Γ * Γ ̃ c b * ) Ω 2 , B = i ( Γ c b Γ ̃ c b Γ b c Γ ̃ c b * ) Ω 2 ,
C = ( 1 Γ ̃ c b + 1 Γ ̃ c b * ) Ω 4 ,
n c b = 2 γ a B δ 3 A b A c + C ( 3 A b + 3 A c + 4 γ a ) + γ a ( A b + A c ) .
n c b Δ δ Ω 2 .
Im ρ a b γ c b γ + Δ δ γ Ω , Im ρ a c γ c b γ Δ δ γ Ω ,

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