Abstract

Continuous-wave lasing of Bi-doped fiber lasers in a wavelength range of 11501215nm with a power of up to 15W has been obtained for the first time. The unsaturable optical losses in Bi-doped fibers have been revealed and their influence on the Bi-laser operation is investigated. Frequency doubling of the Bi-fiber laser radiation is demonstrated that can be used as a yellow light source (wavelength of 580nm).

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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  1. E. M. Dianov, I. A. Bufetov, V. M. Mashinsky, A. V. Shubin, O. I. Medvedkov, A. E. Rakitin, M. A. Melkumov, V. F. Khopin, and A. N. Guryanov, "Raman fiber lasers based on heavily GeO2-doped fibers," Quantum Electron. 35, 435-441 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  2. E. Desurvire, "Optical communications in 2025," in Proceedings of the 31st European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2005) Vol. 1, pp. 5-6.
  3. C. F. Blodi, S. R. Russell, J. S. Padilo, and J. C. Folk, "Direct and feeder vessel photocoagulation of retinal angiograms with dye yellow laser," Ophthalmology 6, 791-795 (1990).
  4. N. S. Sadick and R. Weiss, "The utilization of a new yellow light laser (578nm) for the treatment of class I red telangiectasia of the lower extremities," J. Dermatol. Surg. 28, 21-23 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  5. C. E. Max, S. S. Olivier, H. W. Friedman, J. An, K. Avicola, B. V. Beeman, H. D. Bissinger, J. M. Brase, G. V. Erbert, D. T. Gavel, K. Kanz, M. C. Liu, B. Macintosh, K. P. Neeb, J. Patience, and K. E. Waltjen, "Image improvement from a sodium-layer laser guide star adaptive optics system," Science 277, 1649-1651 (1977).
    [CrossRef]
  6. Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, "Infrared luminescence from bismuth-doped silica glass," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, L279-L281 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  7. M. Peng, J. Qiu, D. Chen, X. Meng, I. Yang, X. Jiang, and C. Zhu, "Bismuth- and aluminum-codoped germanium oxide glasses for super-broadband optical amplification," Opt. Lett. 29, 1998-2000 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. X. Meng, J. Qiu, M. Peng, D. Chen, Q. Zhao, X. Jiang, and C. Zhu, "Near infrared broadband emission of bismuth-doped aluminophosphate glass," Opt. Express 13, 1628-1634 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. X. Meng, J. Qiu, M. Peng, D. Chen, Q. Zhao, X. Jiang, and C. Zhu, "Infrared broadband emission of bismuth-doped barium-aluminum-borate glasses," Opt. Express 13, 1635-1642 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, E. M. Dianov, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Guryanov, "Absorption, fluorescence and optical amplification in MCVD bismuth-doped silica glass optical fibres," in Proceedings of the 31st European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2005) Vol. 4, pp. 949-950.
  11. E. M. Dianov, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Guryanov, "CW bismuth fibre laser," Quantum Electron. 35, 1083-1084 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  12. V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, L. I. Bulatov, I. A. Bufetov, A. V. Shubin, M. A. Melkumov, E. M. Dianov, A. A. Umnikov, V. F. Khopin, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Guryanov, "Bismuth-doped-glass optical fibers - a new active medium for lasers and amplifiers," Opt. Lett. 31, 2966-2968 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, A. C. Tropper, and D. C. Hanna, "Ytterbium-doped fiber amplifiers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 1049-1056 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  14. V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, E. M. Dianov, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Guryanov, "Bi-doped silica fibers - a new active medium for tunable fiber lasers and broadband fiber amplifiers," in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, on CD-ROM (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper OTuH4.

2006 (1)

2005 (4)

X. Meng, J. Qiu, M. Peng, D. Chen, Q. Zhao, X. Jiang, and C. Zhu, "Near infrared broadband emission of bismuth-doped aluminophosphate glass," Opt. Express 13, 1628-1634 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Meng, J. Qiu, M. Peng, D. Chen, Q. Zhao, X. Jiang, and C. Zhu, "Infrared broadband emission of bismuth-doped barium-aluminum-borate glasses," Opt. Express 13, 1635-1642 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. M. Dianov, I. A. Bufetov, V. M. Mashinsky, A. V. Shubin, O. I. Medvedkov, A. E. Rakitin, M. A. Melkumov, V. F. Khopin, and A. N. Guryanov, "Raman fiber lasers based on heavily GeO2-doped fibers," Quantum Electron. 35, 435-441 (2005).
[CrossRef]

E. M. Dianov, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Guryanov, "CW bismuth fibre laser," Quantum Electron. 35, 1083-1084 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

2002 (1)

N. S. Sadick and R. Weiss, "The utilization of a new yellow light laser (578nm) for the treatment of class I red telangiectasia of the lower extremities," J. Dermatol. Surg. 28, 21-23 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, "Infrared luminescence from bismuth-doped silica glass," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, L279-L281 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, A. C. Tropper, and D. C. Hanna, "Ytterbium-doped fiber amplifiers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 1049-1056 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

C. F. Blodi, S. R. Russell, J. S. Padilo, and J. C. Folk, "Direct and feeder vessel photocoagulation of retinal angiograms with dye yellow laser," Ophthalmology 6, 791-795 (1990).

1977 (1)

C. E. Max, S. S. Olivier, H. W. Friedman, J. An, K. Avicola, B. V. Beeman, H. D. Bissinger, J. M. Brase, G. V. Erbert, D. T. Gavel, K. Kanz, M. C. Liu, B. Macintosh, K. P. Neeb, J. Patience, and K. E. Waltjen, "Image improvement from a sodium-layer laser guide star adaptive optics system," Science 277, 1649-1651 (1977).
[CrossRef]

An, J.

C. E. Max, S. S. Olivier, H. W. Friedman, J. An, K. Avicola, B. V. Beeman, H. D. Bissinger, J. M. Brase, G. V. Erbert, D. T. Gavel, K. Kanz, M. C. Liu, B. Macintosh, K. P. Neeb, J. Patience, and K. E. Waltjen, "Image improvement from a sodium-layer laser guide star adaptive optics system," Science 277, 1649-1651 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Avicola, K.

C. E. Max, S. S. Olivier, H. W. Friedman, J. An, K. Avicola, B. V. Beeman, H. D. Bissinger, J. M. Brase, G. V. Erbert, D. T. Gavel, K. Kanz, M. C. Liu, B. Macintosh, K. P. Neeb, J. Patience, and K. E. Waltjen, "Image improvement from a sodium-layer laser guide star adaptive optics system," Science 277, 1649-1651 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Beeman, B. V.

C. E. Max, S. S. Olivier, H. W. Friedman, J. An, K. Avicola, B. V. Beeman, H. D. Bissinger, J. M. Brase, G. V. Erbert, D. T. Gavel, K. Kanz, M. C. Liu, B. Macintosh, K. P. Neeb, J. Patience, and K. E. Waltjen, "Image improvement from a sodium-layer laser guide star adaptive optics system," Science 277, 1649-1651 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Bissinger, H. D.

C. E. Max, S. S. Olivier, H. W. Friedman, J. An, K. Avicola, B. V. Beeman, H. D. Bissinger, J. M. Brase, G. V. Erbert, D. T. Gavel, K. Kanz, M. C. Liu, B. Macintosh, K. P. Neeb, J. Patience, and K. E. Waltjen, "Image improvement from a sodium-layer laser guide star adaptive optics system," Science 277, 1649-1651 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Blodi, C. F.

C. F. Blodi, S. R. Russell, J. S. Padilo, and J. C. Folk, "Direct and feeder vessel photocoagulation of retinal angiograms with dye yellow laser," Ophthalmology 6, 791-795 (1990).

Brase, J. M.

C. E. Max, S. S. Olivier, H. W. Friedman, J. An, K. Avicola, B. V. Beeman, H. D. Bissinger, J. M. Brase, G. V. Erbert, D. T. Gavel, K. Kanz, M. C. Liu, B. Macintosh, K. P. Neeb, J. Patience, and K. E. Waltjen, "Image improvement from a sodium-layer laser guide star adaptive optics system," Science 277, 1649-1651 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Bufetov, I. A.

V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, L. I. Bulatov, I. A. Bufetov, A. V. Shubin, M. A. Melkumov, E. M. Dianov, A. A. Umnikov, V. F. Khopin, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Guryanov, "Bismuth-doped-glass optical fibers - a new active medium for lasers and amplifiers," Opt. Lett. 31, 2966-2968 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. M. Dianov, I. A. Bufetov, V. M. Mashinsky, A. V. Shubin, O. I. Medvedkov, A. E. Rakitin, M. A. Melkumov, V. F. Khopin, and A. N. Guryanov, "Raman fiber lasers based on heavily GeO2-doped fibers," Quantum Electron. 35, 435-441 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Bulatov, L. I.

Chen, D.

Desurvire, E.

E. Desurvire, "Optical communications in 2025," in Proceedings of the 31st European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2005) Vol. 1, pp. 5-6.

Dianov, E. M.

V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, L. I. Bulatov, I. A. Bufetov, A. V. Shubin, M. A. Melkumov, E. M. Dianov, A. A. Umnikov, V. F. Khopin, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Guryanov, "Bismuth-doped-glass optical fibers - a new active medium for lasers and amplifiers," Opt. Lett. 31, 2966-2968 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. M. Dianov, I. A. Bufetov, V. M. Mashinsky, A. V. Shubin, O. I. Medvedkov, A. E. Rakitin, M. A. Melkumov, V. F. Khopin, and A. N. Guryanov, "Raman fiber lasers based on heavily GeO2-doped fibers," Quantum Electron. 35, 435-441 (2005).
[CrossRef]

E. M. Dianov, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Guryanov, "CW bismuth fibre laser," Quantum Electron. 35, 1083-1084 (2005).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, E. M. Dianov, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Guryanov, "Absorption, fluorescence and optical amplification in MCVD bismuth-doped silica glass optical fibres," in Proceedings of the 31st European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2005) Vol. 4, pp. 949-950.

V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, E. M. Dianov, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Guryanov, "Bi-doped silica fibers - a new active medium for tunable fiber lasers and broadband fiber amplifiers," in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, on CD-ROM (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper OTuH4.

Dvoyrin, V. V.

V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, L. I. Bulatov, I. A. Bufetov, A. V. Shubin, M. A. Melkumov, E. M. Dianov, A. A. Umnikov, V. F. Khopin, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Guryanov, "Bismuth-doped-glass optical fibers - a new active medium for lasers and amplifiers," Opt. Lett. 31, 2966-2968 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. M. Dianov, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Guryanov, "CW bismuth fibre laser," Quantum Electron. 35, 1083-1084 (2005).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, E. M. Dianov, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Guryanov, "Absorption, fluorescence and optical amplification in MCVD bismuth-doped silica glass optical fibres," in Proceedings of the 31st European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2005) Vol. 4, pp. 949-950.

V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, E. M. Dianov, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Guryanov, "Bi-doped silica fibers - a new active medium for tunable fiber lasers and broadband fiber amplifiers," in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, on CD-ROM (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper OTuH4.

Erbert, G. V.

C. E. Max, S. S. Olivier, H. W. Friedman, J. An, K. Avicola, B. V. Beeman, H. D. Bissinger, J. M. Brase, G. V. Erbert, D. T. Gavel, K. Kanz, M. C. Liu, B. Macintosh, K. P. Neeb, J. Patience, and K. E. Waltjen, "Image improvement from a sodium-layer laser guide star adaptive optics system," Science 277, 1649-1651 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Folk, J. C.

C. F. Blodi, S. R. Russell, J. S. Padilo, and J. C. Folk, "Direct and feeder vessel photocoagulation of retinal angiograms with dye yellow laser," Ophthalmology 6, 791-795 (1990).

Friedman, H. W.

C. E. Max, S. S. Olivier, H. W. Friedman, J. An, K. Avicola, B. V. Beeman, H. D. Bissinger, J. M. Brase, G. V. Erbert, D. T. Gavel, K. Kanz, M. C. Liu, B. Macintosh, K. P. Neeb, J. Patience, and K. E. Waltjen, "Image improvement from a sodium-layer laser guide star adaptive optics system," Science 277, 1649-1651 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Fujimoto, Y.

Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, "Infrared luminescence from bismuth-doped silica glass," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, L279-L281 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Gavel, D. T.

C. E. Max, S. S. Olivier, H. W. Friedman, J. An, K. Avicola, B. V. Beeman, H. D. Bissinger, J. M. Brase, G. V. Erbert, D. T. Gavel, K. Kanz, M. C. Liu, B. Macintosh, K. P. Neeb, J. Patience, and K. E. Waltjen, "Image improvement from a sodium-layer laser guide star adaptive optics system," Science 277, 1649-1651 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Guryanov, A. N.

V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, L. I. Bulatov, I. A. Bufetov, A. V. Shubin, M. A. Melkumov, E. M. Dianov, A. A. Umnikov, V. F. Khopin, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Guryanov, "Bismuth-doped-glass optical fibers - a new active medium for lasers and amplifiers," Opt. Lett. 31, 2966-2968 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. M. Dianov, I. A. Bufetov, V. M. Mashinsky, A. V. Shubin, O. I. Medvedkov, A. E. Rakitin, M. A. Melkumov, V. F. Khopin, and A. N. Guryanov, "Raman fiber lasers based on heavily GeO2-doped fibers," Quantum Electron. 35, 435-441 (2005).
[CrossRef]

E. M. Dianov, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Guryanov, "CW bismuth fibre laser," Quantum Electron. 35, 1083-1084 (2005).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, E. M. Dianov, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Guryanov, "Absorption, fluorescence and optical amplification in MCVD bismuth-doped silica glass optical fibres," in Proceedings of the 31st European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2005) Vol. 4, pp. 949-950.

V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, E. M. Dianov, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Guryanov, "Bi-doped silica fibers - a new active medium for tunable fiber lasers and broadband fiber amplifiers," in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, on CD-ROM (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper OTuH4.

Hanna, D. C.

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, A. C. Tropper, and D. C. Hanna, "Ytterbium-doped fiber amplifiers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 1049-1056 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, X.

Kanz, K.

C. E. Max, S. S. Olivier, H. W. Friedman, J. An, K. Avicola, B. V. Beeman, H. D. Bissinger, J. M. Brase, G. V. Erbert, D. T. Gavel, K. Kanz, M. C. Liu, B. Macintosh, K. P. Neeb, J. Patience, and K. E. Waltjen, "Image improvement from a sodium-layer laser guide star adaptive optics system," Science 277, 1649-1651 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Khopin, V. F.

V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, L. I. Bulatov, I. A. Bufetov, A. V. Shubin, M. A. Melkumov, E. M. Dianov, A. A. Umnikov, V. F. Khopin, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Guryanov, "Bismuth-doped-glass optical fibers - a new active medium for lasers and amplifiers," Opt. Lett. 31, 2966-2968 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. M. Dianov, I. A. Bufetov, V. M. Mashinsky, A. V. Shubin, O. I. Medvedkov, A. E. Rakitin, M. A. Melkumov, V. F. Khopin, and A. N. Guryanov, "Raman fiber lasers based on heavily GeO2-doped fibers," Quantum Electron. 35, 435-441 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Liu, M. C.

C. E. Max, S. S. Olivier, H. W. Friedman, J. An, K. Avicola, B. V. Beeman, H. D. Bissinger, J. M. Brase, G. V. Erbert, D. T. Gavel, K. Kanz, M. C. Liu, B. Macintosh, K. P. Neeb, J. Patience, and K. E. Waltjen, "Image improvement from a sodium-layer laser guide star adaptive optics system," Science 277, 1649-1651 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Macintosh, B.

C. E. Max, S. S. Olivier, H. W. Friedman, J. An, K. Avicola, B. V. Beeman, H. D. Bissinger, J. M. Brase, G. V. Erbert, D. T. Gavel, K. Kanz, M. C. Liu, B. Macintosh, K. P. Neeb, J. Patience, and K. E. Waltjen, "Image improvement from a sodium-layer laser guide star adaptive optics system," Science 277, 1649-1651 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Mashinsky, V. M.

V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, L. I. Bulatov, I. A. Bufetov, A. V. Shubin, M. A. Melkumov, E. M. Dianov, A. A. Umnikov, V. F. Khopin, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Guryanov, "Bismuth-doped-glass optical fibers - a new active medium for lasers and amplifiers," Opt. Lett. 31, 2966-2968 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. M. Dianov, I. A. Bufetov, V. M. Mashinsky, A. V. Shubin, O. I. Medvedkov, A. E. Rakitin, M. A. Melkumov, V. F. Khopin, and A. N. Guryanov, "Raman fiber lasers based on heavily GeO2-doped fibers," Quantum Electron. 35, 435-441 (2005).
[CrossRef]

E. M. Dianov, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Guryanov, "CW bismuth fibre laser," Quantum Electron. 35, 1083-1084 (2005).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, E. M. Dianov, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Guryanov, "Absorption, fluorescence and optical amplification in MCVD bismuth-doped silica glass optical fibres," in Proceedings of the 31st European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2005) Vol. 4, pp. 949-950.

V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, E. M. Dianov, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Guryanov, "Bi-doped silica fibers - a new active medium for tunable fiber lasers and broadband fiber amplifiers," in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, on CD-ROM (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper OTuH4.

Max, C. E.

C. E. Max, S. S. Olivier, H. W. Friedman, J. An, K. Avicola, B. V. Beeman, H. D. Bissinger, J. M. Brase, G. V. Erbert, D. T. Gavel, K. Kanz, M. C. Liu, B. Macintosh, K. P. Neeb, J. Patience, and K. E. Waltjen, "Image improvement from a sodium-layer laser guide star adaptive optics system," Science 277, 1649-1651 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Medvedkov, O. I.

E. M. Dianov, I. A. Bufetov, V. M. Mashinsky, A. V. Shubin, O. I. Medvedkov, A. E. Rakitin, M. A. Melkumov, V. F. Khopin, and A. N. Guryanov, "Raman fiber lasers based on heavily GeO2-doped fibers," Quantum Electron. 35, 435-441 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Melkumov, M. A.

V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, L. I. Bulatov, I. A. Bufetov, A. V. Shubin, M. A. Melkumov, E. M. Dianov, A. A. Umnikov, V. F. Khopin, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Guryanov, "Bismuth-doped-glass optical fibers - a new active medium for lasers and amplifiers," Opt. Lett. 31, 2966-2968 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. M. Dianov, I. A. Bufetov, V. M. Mashinsky, A. V. Shubin, O. I. Medvedkov, A. E. Rakitin, M. A. Melkumov, V. F. Khopin, and A. N. Guryanov, "Raman fiber lasers based on heavily GeO2-doped fibers," Quantum Electron. 35, 435-441 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Meng, X.

Nakatsuka, M.

Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, "Infrared luminescence from bismuth-doped silica glass," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, L279-L281 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Neeb, K. P.

C. E. Max, S. S. Olivier, H. W. Friedman, J. An, K. Avicola, B. V. Beeman, H. D. Bissinger, J. M. Brase, G. V. Erbert, D. T. Gavel, K. Kanz, M. C. Liu, B. Macintosh, K. P. Neeb, J. Patience, and K. E. Waltjen, "Image improvement from a sodium-layer laser guide star adaptive optics system," Science 277, 1649-1651 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Nilsson, J.

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, A. C. Tropper, and D. C. Hanna, "Ytterbium-doped fiber amplifiers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 1049-1056 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Olivier, S. S.

C. E. Max, S. S. Olivier, H. W. Friedman, J. An, K. Avicola, B. V. Beeman, H. D. Bissinger, J. M. Brase, G. V. Erbert, D. T. Gavel, K. Kanz, M. C. Liu, B. Macintosh, K. P. Neeb, J. Patience, and K. E. Waltjen, "Image improvement from a sodium-layer laser guide star adaptive optics system," Science 277, 1649-1651 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Padilo, J. S.

C. F. Blodi, S. R. Russell, J. S. Padilo, and J. C. Folk, "Direct and feeder vessel photocoagulation of retinal angiograms with dye yellow laser," Ophthalmology 6, 791-795 (1990).

Paschotta, R.

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, A. C. Tropper, and D. C. Hanna, "Ytterbium-doped fiber amplifiers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 1049-1056 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Patience, J.

C. E. Max, S. S. Olivier, H. W. Friedman, J. An, K. Avicola, B. V. Beeman, H. D. Bissinger, J. M. Brase, G. V. Erbert, D. T. Gavel, K. Kanz, M. C. Liu, B. Macintosh, K. P. Neeb, J. Patience, and K. E. Waltjen, "Image improvement from a sodium-layer laser guide star adaptive optics system," Science 277, 1649-1651 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Peng, M.

Qiu, J.

Rakitin, A. E.

E. M. Dianov, I. A. Bufetov, V. M. Mashinsky, A. V. Shubin, O. I. Medvedkov, A. E. Rakitin, M. A. Melkumov, V. F. Khopin, and A. N. Guryanov, "Raman fiber lasers based on heavily GeO2-doped fibers," Quantum Electron. 35, 435-441 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Russell, S. R.

C. F. Blodi, S. R. Russell, J. S. Padilo, and J. C. Folk, "Direct and feeder vessel photocoagulation of retinal angiograms with dye yellow laser," Ophthalmology 6, 791-795 (1990).

Sadick, N. S.

N. S. Sadick and R. Weiss, "The utilization of a new yellow light laser (578nm) for the treatment of class I red telangiectasia of the lower extremities," J. Dermatol. Surg. 28, 21-23 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Shubin, A. V.

V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, L. I. Bulatov, I. A. Bufetov, A. V. Shubin, M. A. Melkumov, E. M. Dianov, A. A. Umnikov, V. F. Khopin, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Guryanov, "Bismuth-doped-glass optical fibers - a new active medium for lasers and amplifiers," Opt. Lett. 31, 2966-2968 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. M. Dianov, I. A. Bufetov, V. M. Mashinsky, A. V. Shubin, O. I. Medvedkov, A. E. Rakitin, M. A. Melkumov, V. F. Khopin, and A. N. Guryanov, "Raman fiber lasers based on heavily GeO2-doped fibers," Quantum Electron. 35, 435-441 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tropper, C.

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, A. C. Tropper, and D. C. Hanna, "Ytterbium-doped fiber amplifiers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 1049-1056 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Umnikov, A. A.

V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, L. I. Bulatov, I. A. Bufetov, A. V. Shubin, M. A. Melkumov, E. M. Dianov, A. A. Umnikov, V. F. Khopin, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Guryanov, "Bismuth-doped-glass optical fibers - a new active medium for lasers and amplifiers," Opt. Lett. 31, 2966-2968 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. M. Dianov, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Guryanov, "CW bismuth fibre laser," Quantum Electron. 35, 1083-1084 (2005).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, E. M. Dianov, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Guryanov, "Absorption, fluorescence and optical amplification in MCVD bismuth-doped silica glass optical fibres," in Proceedings of the 31st European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2005) Vol. 4, pp. 949-950.

V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, E. M. Dianov, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Guryanov, "Bi-doped silica fibers - a new active medium for tunable fiber lasers and broadband fiber amplifiers," in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, on CD-ROM (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper OTuH4.

Waltjen, K. E.

C. E. Max, S. S. Olivier, H. W. Friedman, J. An, K. Avicola, B. V. Beeman, H. D. Bissinger, J. M. Brase, G. V. Erbert, D. T. Gavel, K. Kanz, M. C. Liu, B. Macintosh, K. P. Neeb, J. Patience, and K. E. Waltjen, "Image improvement from a sodium-layer laser guide star adaptive optics system," Science 277, 1649-1651 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Weiss, R.

N. S. Sadick and R. Weiss, "The utilization of a new yellow light laser (578nm) for the treatment of class I red telangiectasia of the lower extremities," J. Dermatol. Surg. 28, 21-23 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Yang, I.

Yashkov, M. V.

V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, L. I. Bulatov, I. A. Bufetov, A. V. Shubin, M. A. Melkumov, E. M. Dianov, A. A. Umnikov, V. F. Khopin, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Guryanov, "Bismuth-doped-glass optical fibers - a new active medium for lasers and amplifiers," Opt. Lett. 31, 2966-2968 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. M. Dianov, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Guryanov, "CW bismuth fibre laser," Quantum Electron. 35, 1083-1084 (2005).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, E. M. Dianov, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Guryanov, "Absorption, fluorescence and optical amplification in MCVD bismuth-doped silica glass optical fibres," in Proceedings of the 31st European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2005) Vol. 4, pp. 949-950.

V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, E. M. Dianov, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Guryanov, "Bi-doped silica fibers - a new active medium for tunable fiber lasers and broadband fiber amplifiers," in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, on CD-ROM (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper OTuH4.

Zhao, Q.

Zhu, C.

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, A. C. Tropper, and D. C. Hanna, "Ytterbium-doped fiber amplifiers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 1049-1056 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Dermatol. Surg. (1)

N. S. Sadick and R. Weiss, "The utilization of a new yellow light laser (578nm) for the treatment of class I red telangiectasia of the lower extremities," J. Dermatol. Surg. 28, 21-23 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, "Infrared luminescence from bismuth-doped silica glass," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, L279-L281 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ophthalmology (1)

C. F. Blodi, S. R. Russell, J. S. Padilo, and J. C. Folk, "Direct and feeder vessel photocoagulation of retinal angiograms with dye yellow laser," Ophthalmology 6, 791-795 (1990).

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Quantum Electron. (2)

E. M. Dianov, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Guryanov, "CW bismuth fibre laser," Quantum Electron. 35, 1083-1084 (2005).
[CrossRef]

E. M. Dianov, I. A. Bufetov, V. M. Mashinsky, A. V. Shubin, O. I. Medvedkov, A. E. Rakitin, M. A. Melkumov, V. F. Khopin, and A. N. Guryanov, "Raman fiber lasers based on heavily GeO2-doped fibers," Quantum Electron. 35, 435-441 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

C. E. Max, S. S. Olivier, H. W. Friedman, J. An, K. Avicola, B. V. Beeman, H. D. Bissinger, J. M. Brase, G. V. Erbert, D. T. Gavel, K. Kanz, M. C. Liu, B. Macintosh, K. P. Neeb, J. Patience, and K. E. Waltjen, "Image improvement from a sodium-layer laser guide star adaptive optics system," Science 277, 1649-1651 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

E. Desurvire, "Optical communications in 2025," in Proceedings of the 31st European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2005) Vol. 1, pp. 5-6.

V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, E. M. Dianov, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Guryanov, "Absorption, fluorescence and optical amplification in MCVD bismuth-doped silica glass optical fibres," in Proceedings of the 31st European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2005) Vol. 4, pp. 949-950.

V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, E. M. Dianov, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Guryanov, "Bi-doped silica fibers - a new active medium for tunable fiber lasers and broadband fiber amplifiers," in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, on CD-ROM (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper OTuH4.

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Figures (14)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Scheme of a Bi-doped fiber laser.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Optical-loss spectrum of a Bi-doped fiber. Loss increase in the vicinity of 1400 nm is due to presence of OH groups.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Luminescence spectra of Bi-doped aluminosilicate glass with a Bi concentration of 0.15 at . % .

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Variation of the radiation power at the output of the Bi-fiber laser with pump power ( λ p 1070 nm ) launched into a Bi-doped fiber for different lasing wavelengths (room temperature). η is the average slope efficiency (a, b, and c) and a slope efficiency for a pump power less than 15 W (d) with respect to absorbed pump power.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Output spectrum of the Bi-fiber laser, P in = 65 W , λ s = 1215 nm , L = 78 m . 1, unabsorbed pump radiation; 2, Raman lasing; 3, Bi laser output radiation.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Output power of the Bi-fiber laser against the fiber temperature at the pump power of 8 W .

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

P Bi ( P in ) and P up ( P in ) for Bi-fiber laser at 2 ° C and 23 ° C .

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

P Bi ( P in ) and P up ( P in ) for the Bi-fiber laser with saturation of output power for different temperatures.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Averaged optical losses of the Bi-doped fiber against launched power at room temperature.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Averaged optical losses of one and the same Bi-doped fiber against launched power at different temperatures.

Fig. 11
Fig. 11

Bandwidth of the Bi-laser radiation versus the output power of the Bi-laser.

Fig. 12
Fig. 12

Experimental dependence of the yellow-light output power versus the power of the Bi-fiber laser (one polarization).

Fig. 13
Fig. 13

Output spectrum of yellow light.

Fig. 14
Fig. 14

Output powers of Bi-fiber lasers at the lasing and pump wavelengths calculated for different conditions. Graphs a, c, and d show results of real Bi laser scheme simulation for different wavelengths with (+Raman) and without regard to the Raman gain of the Bi-doped fiber. Graph b illustrates the output dependences of the Bi laser with three-times-higher Raman fiber gain than that for real conditions (solid curves) and (for comparison) output dependences in the same case but without amplification owing to the stimulated emission of Bi ions. Inset A shows the energy level scheme used for laser simulation at graphs a–c; the scheme shown in inset B was used for Bi laser simulation at 1215 nm (graph d).

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