Abstract

The photorefractive properties of Sn2P2S6 crystals doped with Te and Sb in the near-infrared wavelength range up to 1064nm are reported. The main photorefractive parameters, i.e., two-wave mixing gain, effective electro-optic coefficient, diffusion length, concentration of traps, and response time, are compared with conventional nominally pure Sn2P2S6. Te-doped Sn2P2S6 shows the fastest response with the smallest decrease of the photorefractive efficiency with increasing wavelength in the near infrared. Sb doping, on the other hand, inhibits photorefraction in the near infrared. Sn2P2S6:Te and Sn2P2S6:Sb crystals both show a high two-wave mixing gain Γ at 633nm, and 10 and 20cm1. Te-doped Sn2P2S6 shows a photorefractive gain of 4.5cm1 at 1064nm. Response times at 1064nm of 20ms have been measured for the intensity 6Wcm2, which is 2 orders of magnitude shorter than in Rh-doped BaTiO3.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2006 (4)

2005 (5)

2004 (1)

2003 (4)

G. Roosen, A. Godard, S. Maerten, V. Reboud, N. Dubreuil, and G. Pauliat, "Self-organization of laser cavities using dynamic holograms," Opt. Mater. 23, 289-293 (2003).
[CrossRef]

G. Roosen, S. Bernhardt, and P. Delaye, "Ba0.77Ca0.23TiO3: a new photorefractive material to replace BaTiO3 in applications," Opt. Mater. 23, 243-251 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. Haertle, G. Caimi, A. Haldi, G. Montemezzani, P. Günter, A. A. Grabar, I. M. Stoika, and Yu. M. Vysochanskii, "Electro-optical properties of Sn2P2S6," Opt. Commun. 215, 333-343 (2003).
[CrossRef]

O. Buchnev, A. Glushchenko, Y. Reznikov, V. Reshetnyak, O. Tereshchenko, and J. West, "Diluted ferroelectric suspension of Sn2P2S6 nanoparticles in nematic liquid crystals," Proc. SPIE 5257, 7-12 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

A. A. Grabar, I. V. Kedyk, M. I. Gurzan, I. M. Stoika, A. A. Molnar, and Yu. M. Vysochanskii, "Enhanced photorefractive properties of modified Sn2P2S6," Opt. Commun. 188, 187-194 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

M. Chi, S. X. Dou, Y. Zhu, and P. Ye, "Wavelength dependence of the effective trap density in Rh-doped BaTiO3: a comparison between theory and experiment," Opt. Commun. 170, 115-120 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997 (3)

1996 (1)

1994 (1)

1993 (1)

1987 (1)

1979 (1)

N. V. Kukhtarev, V. B. Markov, S. G. Odoulov, M. S. Soskin, and V. L. Vinetskii, "Holographic storage in electrooptic crystals 2. Beam coupling--light amplification," Ferroelectrics 22, 961-964 (1979).
[CrossRef]

1974 (1)

C. D. Carpentier and R. Nitsche, "Vapor growth and crystal data of thio(seleno)-hypodiphosphates Sn2P2S6, Sn2P2Se6, Pb2P2S6, Pb2P2Se6 and their mixed-crystals," Mater. Res. Bull. 9, 401-410 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Bach, T.

Baggio, I.

Ph. Delaye, L. A. de Montmorillon, I. Baggio, J. C. Launay, and G. Roosen, "Wavelength dependent effective trap density in CdTe: evidence for the presence of two photorefractive species," Opt. Commun. 134, 580-590 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Bernhardt, S.

G. Roosen, S. Bernhardt, and P. Delaye, "Ba0.77Ca0.23TiO3: a new photorefractive material to replace BaTiO3 in applications," Opt. Mater. 23, 243-251 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Boller, K. J.

Brignon, A.

Bryknar, Z.

Z. Potucek and Z. Bryknar, "Photoluminescence of defects in Sn2P2S6 crystals," Ferroelectrics 334, 171-179 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Buchnev, O.

O. Buchnev, A. Glushchenko, Y. Reznikov, V. Reshetnyak, O. Tereshchenko, and J. West, "Diluted ferroelectric suspension of Sn2P2S6 nanoparticles in nematic liquid crystals," Proc. SPIE 5257, 7-12 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Caimi, G.

D. Haertle, G. Caimi, A. Haldi, G. Montemezzani, P. Günter, A. A. Grabar, I. M. Stoika, and Yu. M. Vysochanskii, "Electro-optical properties of Sn2P2S6," Opt. Commun. 215, 333-343 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Carpentier, C. D.

C. D. Carpentier and R. Nitsche, "Vapor growth and crystal data of thio(seleno)-hypodiphosphates Sn2P2S6, Sn2P2Se6, Pb2P2S6, Pb2P2Se6 and their mixed-crystals," Mater. Res. Bull. 9, 401-410 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Chi, M.

M. Chi, S. X. Dou, Y. Zhu, and P. Ye, "Wavelength dependence of the effective trap density in Rh-doped BaTiO3: a comparison between theory and experiment," Opt. Commun. 170, 115-120 (1999).
[CrossRef]

de Montmorillon, L. A.

Ph. Delaye, L. A. de Montmorillon, I. Baggio, J. C. Launay, and G. Roosen, "Wavelength dependent effective trap density in CdTe: evidence for the presence of two photorefractive species," Opt. Commun. 134, 580-590 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Degl'Innocenti, R.

Delaye, P.

G. Roosen, S. Bernhardt, and P. Delaye, "Ba0.77Ca0.23TiO3: a new photorefractive material to replace BaTiO3 in applications," Opt. Mater. 23, 243-251 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Delaye, Ph.

Ph. Delaye, L. A. de Montmorillon, I. Baggio, J. C. Launay, and G. Roosen, "Wavelength dependent effective trap density in CdTe: evidence for the presence of two photorefractive species," Opt. Commun. 134, 580-590 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Dou, S. X.

M. Chi, S. X. Dou, Y. Zhu, and P. Ye, "Wavelength dependence of the effective trap density in Rh-doped BaTiO3: a comparison between theory and experiment," Opt. Commun. 170, 115-120 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Dubreuil, N.

G. Roosen, A. Godard, S. Maerten, V. Reboud, N. Dubreuil, and G. Pauliat, "Self-organization of laser cavities using dynamic holograms," Opt. Mater. 23, 289-293 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ewart, M.

Feinberg, J.

Garrett, M. H.

Georges, P.

Glushchenko, A.

O. Buchnev, A. Glushchenko, Y. Reznikov, V. Reshetnyak, O. Tereshchenko, and J. West, "Diluted ferroelectric suspension of Sn2P2S6 nanoparticles in nematic liquid crystals," Proc. SPIE 5257, 7-12 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Godard, A.

G. Roosen, A. Godard, S. Maerten, V. Reboud, N. Dubreuil, and G. Pauliat, "Self-organization of laser cavities using dynamic holograms," Opt. Mater. 23, 289-293 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Grabar, A. A.

M. Jazbinsek, D. Haertle, G. Montemezzani, P. Günter, A. A. Grabar, I. M. Stoika, and Y. M. Vysochanskii, "Wavelength dependence of visible and near-infrared photorefraction and phase conjugation in Sn2P2S6," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 2459-2467 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. Bach, M. Jazbinsek, P. Günter, A. A. Grabar, I. M. Stoika, and Y. M. Vysochanskii, "Self pumped optical phase conjugation at 1.06μm in Te-doped Sn2P2S6," Opt. Express 13, 9890-9896 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Haertle, G. Caimi, A. Haldi, G. Montemezzani, P. Günter, A. A. Grabar, I. M. Stoika, and Yu. M. Vysochanskii, "Electro-optical properties of Sn2P2S6," Opt. Commun. 215, 333-343 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Grabar, I. V. Kedyk, M. I. Gurzan, I. M. Stoika, A. A. Molnar, and Yu. M. Vysochanskii, "Enhanced photorefractive properties of modified Sn2P2S6," Opt. Commun. 188, 187-194 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S. G. Odoulov, A. N. Shumelyuk, U. Hellwig, R. A. Rupp, and A. A. Grabar, "Photorefractive beam coupling in tin hypothiodiphosphate in the near infrared," Opt. Lett. 21, 752-754 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. A. Grabar, M. Jazbinsek, A. N. Shumelyuk, Yu. M. Vysochanskii, G. Montemezzani, and P. Günter, "Photorefractive effects in Sn2P2S6," in Photorefractive Materials and Their Applications II, P.Günter and J.-P.Hiugnard, eds. (Springer-Verlag, 2007).

A. A. Grabar, I. V. Kedyk, I. M. Stoika, Yu. M. Vysochanskii, M. Jazbinsek, G. Montemezzani, and P. Günter, Enhanced photorefractive properties of Te-Doped Sn2P2S6, in Photorefractive Effects, Materials, and Devices, Vol. 87 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2003), pp. 10-14.

Guarino, A.

Günter, P.

A. Guarino, M. Jazbinsek, C. Herzog, R. Degl'Innocenti, G. Poberaj, and P. Günter, "Optical waveguides in Sn2P2S6 by low fluence MeV He+ ion implantation," Opt. Express 14, 2344-2358 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Mosimann, D. Haertle, M. Jazbinsek, G. Montemezzani, and P. Günter, "Interband photorefraction in Sn2P2S6 at visible wavelengths," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23, 1620-1625 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. Bach, M. Jazbinsek, P. Günter, A. A. Grabar, I. M. Stoika, and Y. M. Vysochanskii, "Self pumped optical phase conjugation at 1.06μm in Te-doped Sn2P2S6," Opt. Express 13, 9890-9896 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Jazbinsek, D. Haertle, G. Montemezzani, P. Günter, A. A. Grabar, I. M. Stoika, and Y. M. Vysochanskii, "Wavelength dependence of visible and near-infrared photorefraction and phase conjugation in Sn2P2S6," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 2459-2467 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. Haertle, A. Guarino, J. Hajfler, G. Montemezzani, and P. Günter, "Refractive indices of Sn2P2S6, at visible and infrared wavelengths," Opt. Express 13, 2047-2057 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Haertle, M. Jazbinsek, G. Montemezzani, and P. Günter, "Nonlinear optical coefficients and phase-matching conditions in Sn2P2S6," Opt. Express 13, 3765-3776 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Haertle, G. Caimi, A. Haldi, G. Montemezzani, P. Günter, A. A. Grabar, I. M. Stoika, and Yu. M. Vysochanskii, "Electro-optical properties of Sn2P2S6," Opt. Commun. 215, 333-343 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Ewart, R. Ryf, C. Medrano, H. Wüest, M. Zgonik, and P. Günter, "High photorefractive sensitivity at 860 nm in reduced rhodium-doped KNbO3," Opt. Lett. 22, 781-783 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. A. Grabar, M. Jazbinsek, A. N. Shumelyuk, Yu. M. Vysochanskii, G. Montemezzani, and P. Günter, "Photorefractive effects in Sn2P2S6," in Photorefractive Materials and Their Applications II, P.Günter and J.-P.Hiugnard, eds. (Springer-Verlag, 2007).

A. A. Grabar, I. V. Kedyk, I. M. Stoika, Yu. M. Vysochanskii, M. Jazbinsek, G. Montemezzani, and P. Günter, Enhanced photorefractive properties of Te-Doped Sn2P2S6, in Photorefractive Effects, Materials, and Devices, Vol. 87 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2003), pp. 10-14.

Gurzan, M. I.

A. A. Grabar, I. V. Kedyk, M. I. Gurzan, I. M. Stoika, A. A. Molnar, and Yu. M. Vysochanskii, "Enhanced photorefractive properties of modified Sn2P2S6," Opt. Commun. 188, 187-194 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Haertle, D.

Hajfler, J.

Haldi, A.

D. Haertle, G. Caimi, A. Haldi, G. Montemezzani, P. Günter, A. A. Grabar, I. M. Stoika, and Yu. M. Vysochanskii, "Electro-optical properties of Sn2P2S6," Opt. Commun. 215, 333-343 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hellwig, U.

Herzog, C.

Hryhorashchuk, A.

A. N. Shumelyuk, A. Hryhorashchuk, and S. G. Odoulov, "Coherent optical oscillator with periodic zero-π phase modulation," Phys. Rev. A 72, 023819 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Huignard, J. P.

Jazbinsek, M.

R. Mosimann, D. Haertle, M. Jazbinsek, G. Montemezzani, and P. Günter, "Interband photorefraction in Sn2P2S6 at visible wavelengths," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23, 1620-1625 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Guarino, M. Jazbinsek, C. Herzog, R. Degl'Innocenti, G. Poberaj, and P. Günter, "Optical waveguides in Sn2P2S6 by low fluence MeV He+ ion implantation," Opt. Express 14, 2344-2358 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Haertle, M. Jazbinsek, G. Montemezzani, and P. Günter, "Nonlinear optical coefficients and phase-matching conditions in Sn2P2S6," Opt. Express 13, 3765-3776 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Jazbinsek, D. Haertle, G. Montemezzani, P. Günter, A. A. Grabar, I. M. Stoika, and Y. M. Vysochanskii, "Wavelength dependence of visible and near-infrared photorefraction and phase conjugation in Sn2P2S6," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 2459-2467 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. Bach, M. Jazbinsek, P. Günter, A. A. Grabar, I. M. Stoika, and Y. M. Vysochanskii, "Self pumped optical phase conjugation at 1.06μm in Te-doped Sn2P2S6," Opt. Express 13, 9890-9896 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. A. Grabar, M. Jazbinsek, A. N. Shumelyuk, Yu. M. Vysochanskii, G. Montemezzani, and P. Günter, "Photorefractive effects in Sn2P2S6," in Photorefractive Materials and Their Applications II, P.Günter and J.-P.Hiugnard, eds. (Springer-Verlag, 2007).

A. A. Grabar, I. V. Kedyk, I. M. Stoika, Yu. M. Vysochanskii, M. Jazbinsek, G. Montemezzani, and P. Günter, Enhanced photorefractive properties of Te-Doped Sn2P2S6, in Photorefractive Effects, Materials, and Devices, Vol. 87 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2003), pp. 10-14.

Kedyk, I. V.

A. A. Grabar, I. V. Kedyk, M. I. Gurzan, I. M. Stoika, A. A. Molnar, and Yu. M. Vysochanskii, "Enhanced photorefractive properties of modified Sn2P2S6," Opt. Commun. 188, 187-194 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Grabar, I. V. Kedyk, I. M. Stoika, Yu. M. Vysochanskii, M. Jazbinsek, G. Montemezzani, and P. Günter, Enhanced photorefractive properties of Te-Doped Sn2P2S6, in Photorefractive Effects, Materials, and Devices, Vol. 87 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2003), pp. 10-14.

Klein, M. B.

Kukhtarev, N. V.

N. V. Kukhtarev, V. B. Markov, S. G. Odoulov, M. S. Soskin, and V. L. Vinetskii, "Holographic storage in electrooptic crystals 2. Beam coupling--light amplification," Ferroelectrics 22, 961-964 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Lallier, E.

Launay, J. C.

Ph. Delaye, L. A. de Montmorillon, I. Baggio, J. C. Launay, and G. Roosen, "Wavelength dependent effective trap density in CdTe: evidence for the presence of two photorefractive species," Opt. Commun. 134, 580-590 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Lombard, L.

Lucas-Leclin, G.

MacCormack, S.

Maerten, S.

G. Roosen, A. Godard, S. Maerten, V. Reboud, N. Dubreuil, and G. Pauliat, "Self-organization of laser cavities using dynamic holograms," Opt. Mater. 23, 289-293 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Markov, V. B.

N. V. Kukhtarev, V. B. Markov, S. G. Odoulov, M. S. Soskin, and V. L. Vinetskii, "Holographic storage in electrooptic crystals 2. Beam coupling--light amplification," Ferroelectrics 22, 961-964 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Medrano, C.

Mnushkina, I.

Molnar, A. A.

A. A. Grabar, I. V. Kedyk, M. I. Gurzan, I. M. Stoika, A. A. Molnar, and Yu. M. Vysochanskii, "Enhanced photorefractive properties of modified Sn2P2S6," Opt. Commun. 188, 187-194 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Montemezzani, G.

R. Mosimann, D. Haertle, M. Jazbinsek, G. Montemezzani, and P. Günter, "Interband photorefraction in Sn2P2S6 at visible wavelengths," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23, 1620-1625 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. Haertle, A. Guarino, J. Hajfler, G. Montemezzani, and P. Günter, "Refractive indices of Sn2P2S6, at visible and infrared wavelengths," Opt. Express 13, 2047-2057 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Jazbinsek, D. Haertle, G. Montemezzani, P. Günter, A. A. Grabar, I. M. Stoika, and Y. M. Vysochanskii, "Wavelength dependence of visible and near-infrared photorefraction and phase conjugation in Sn2P2S6," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 2459-2467 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. Haertle, M. Jazbinsek, G. Montemezzani, and P. Günter, "Nonlinear optical coefficients and phase-matching conditions in Sn2P2S6," Opt. Express 13, 3765-3776 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Haertle, G. Caimi, A. Haldi, G. Montemezzani, P. Günter, A. A. Grabar, I. M. Stoika, and Yu. M. Vysochanskii, "Electro-optical properties of Sn2P2S6," Opt. Commun. 215, 333-343 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Grabar, M. Jazbinsek, A. N. Shumelyuk, Yu. M. Vysochanskii, G. Montemezzani, and P. Günter, "Photorefractive effects in Sn2P2S6," in Photorefractive Materials and Their Applications II, P.Günter and J.-P.Hiugnard, eds. (Springer-Verlag, 2007).

A. A. Grabar, I. V. Kedyk, I. M. Stoika, Yu. M. Vysochanskii, M. Jazbinsek, G. Montemezzani, and P. Günter, Enhanced photorefractive properties of Te-Doped Sn2P2S6, in Photorefractive Effects, Materials, and Devices, Vol. 87 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2003), pp. 10-14.

G. Montemezzani and M. Zgonik, "Space-charge driven holograms in anisotropic media," in Photorefractive Materials and Their Applications I, P.Günter and J.-P.Hiugnard, eds. (Springer-Verlag, 2006).
[CrossRef]

Mosimann, R.

Nelson, C. C.

Nitsche, R.

C. D. Carpentier and R. Nitsche, "Vapor growth and crystal data of thio(seleno)-hypodiphosphates Sn2P2S6, Sn2P2Se6, Pb2P2S6, Pb2P2Se6 and their mixed-crystals," Mater. Res. Bull. 9, 401-410 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Odoulov, S. G.

A. N. Shumelyuk, A. Hryhorashchuk, and S. G. Odoulov, "Coherent optical oscillator with periodic zero-π phase modulation," Phys. Rev. A 72, 023819 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. G. Odoulov, A. N. Shumelyuk, U. Hellwig, R. A. Rupp, and A. A. Grabar, "Photorefractive beam coupling in tin hypothiodiphosphate in the near infrared," Opt. Lett. 21, 752-754 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. V. Kukhtarev, V. B. Markov, S. G. Odoulov, M. S. Soskin, and V. L. Vinetskii, "Holographic storage in electrooptic crystals 2. Beam coupling--light amplification," Ferroelectrics 22, 961-964 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Offerhaus, H. L.

Pauliat, G.

Poberaj, G.

Potucek, Z.

Z. Potucek and Z. Bryknar, "Photoluminescence of defects in Sn2P2S6 crystals," Ferroelectrics 334, 171-179 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Reboud, V.

G. Roosen, A. Godard, S. Maerten, V. Reboud, N. Dubreuil, and G. Pauliat, "Self-organization of laser cavities using dynamic holograms," Opt. Mater. 23, 289-293 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Reshetnyak, V.

O. Buchnev, A. Glushchenko, Y. Reznikov, V. Reshetnyak, O. Tereshchenko, and J. West, "Diluted ferroelectric suspension of Sn2P2S6 nanoparticles in nematic liquid crystals," Proc. SPIE 5257, 7-12 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Reznikov, Y.

O. Buchnev, A. Glushchenko, Y. Reznikov, V. Reshetnyak, O. Tereshchenko, and J. West, "Diluted ferroelectric suspension of Sn2P2S6 nanoparticles in nematic liquid crystals," Proc. SPIE 5257, 7-12 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Roosen, G.

L. Lombard, A. Brignon, J. P. Huignard, E. Lallier, G. Lucas-Leclin, P. Georges, G. Pauliat, and G. Roosen, "Diffraction-limited polarized emission from a multimode ytterbium amplifier after a nonlinear beam converter," Opt. Lett. 29, 989-991 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Roosen, A. Godard, S. Maerten, V. Reboud, N. Dubreuil, and G. Pauliat, "Self-organization of laser cavities using dynamic holograms," Opt. Mater. 23, 289-293 (2003).
[CrossRef]

G. Roosen, S. Bernhardt, and P. Delaye, "Ba0.77Ca0.23TiO3: a new photorefractive material to replace BaTiO3 in applications," Opt. Mater. 23, 243-251 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ph. Delaye, L. A. de Montmorillon, I. Baggio, J. C. Launay, and G. Roosen, "Wavelength dependent effective trap density in CdTe: evidence for the presence of two photorefractive species," Opt. Commun. 134, 580-590 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Rupp, R. A.

Ryf, R.

Schwartz, R. N.

Shumelyuk, A. N.

A. N. Shumelyuk, A. Hryhorashchuk, and S. G. Odoulov, "Coherent optical oscillator with periodic zero-π phase modulation," Phys. Rev. A 72, 023819 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. G. Odoulov, A. N. Shumelyuk, U. Hellwig, R. A. Rupp, and A. A. Grabar, "Photorefractive beam coupling in tin hypothiodiphosphate in the near infrared," Opt. Lett. 21, 752-754 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. A. Grabar, M. Jazbinsek, A. N. Shumelyuk, Yu. M. Vysochanskii, G. Montemezzani, and P. Günter, "Photorefractive effects in Sn2P2S6," in Photorefractive Materials and Their Applications II, P.Günter and J.-P.Hiugnard, eds. (Springer-Verlag, 2007).

Soskin, M. S.

N. V. Kukhtarev, V. B. Markov, S. G. Odoulov, M. S. Soskin, and V. L. Vinetskii, "Holographic storage in electrooptic crystals 2. Beam coupling--light amplification," Ferroelectrics 22, 961-964 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Stoika, I. M.

T. Bach, M. Jazbinsek, P. Günter, A. A. Grabar, I. M. Stoika, and Y. M. Vysochanskii, "Self pumped optical phase conjugation at 1.06μm in Te-doped Sn2P2S6," Opt. Express 13, 9890-9896 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Jazbinsek, D. Haertle, G. Montemezzani, P. Günter, A. A. Grabar, I. M. Stoika, and Y. M. Vysochanskii, "Wavelength dependence of visible and near-infrared photorefraction and phase conjugation in Sn2P2S6," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 2459-2467 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. Haertle, G. Caimi, A. Haldi, G. Montemezzani, P. Günter, A. A. Grabar, I. M. Stoika, and Yu. M. Vysochanskii, "Electro-optical properties of Sn2P2S6," Opt. Commun. 215, 333-343 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Grabar, I. V. Kedyk, M. I. Gurzan, I. M. Stoika, A. A. Molnar, and Yu. M. Vysochanskii, "Enhanced photorefractive properties of modified Sn2P2S6," Opt. Commun. 188, 187-194 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Grabar, I. V. Kedyk, I. M. Stoika, Yu. M. Vysochanskii, M. Jazbinsek, G. Montemezzani, and P. Günter, Enhanced photorefractive properties of Te-Doped Sn2P2S6, in Photorefractive Effects, Materials, and Devices, Vol. 87 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2003), pp. 10-14.

Tereshchenko, O.

O. Buchnev, A. Glushchenko, Y. Reznikov, V. Reshetnyak, O. Tereshchenko, and J. West, "Diluted ferroelectric suspension of Sn2P2S6 nanoparticles in nematic liquid crystals," Proc. SPIE 5257, 7-12 (2003).
[CrossRef]

van Voorst, P. D.

Vinetskii, V. L.

N. V. Kukhtarev, V. B. Markov, S. G. Odoulov, M. S. Soskin, and V. L. Vinetskii, "Holographic storage in electrooptic crystals 2. Beam coupling--light amplification," Ferroelectrics 22, 961-964 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Vysochanskii, Y. M.

Vysochanskii, Yu. M.

D. Haertle, G. Caimi, A. Haldi, G. Montemezzani, P. Günter, A. A. Grabar, I. M. Stoika, and Yu. M. Vysochanskii, "Electro-optical properties of Sn2P2S6," Opt. Commun. 215, 333-343 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Grabar, I. V. Kedyk, M. I. Gurzan, I. M. Stoika, A. A. Molnar, and Yu. M. Vysochanskii, "Enhanced photorefractive properties of modified Sn2P2S6," Opt. Commun. 188, 187-194 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Grabar, I. V. Kedyk, I. M. Stoika, Yu. M. Vysochanskii, M. Jazbinsek, G. Montemezzani, and P. Günter, Enhanced photorefractive properties of Te-Doped Sn2P2S6, in Photorefractive Effects, Materials, and Devices, Vol. 87 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2003), pp. 10-14.

A. A. Grabar, M. Jazbinsek, A. N. Shumelyuk, Yu. M. Vysochanskii, G. Montemezzani, and P. Günter, "Photorefractive effects in Sn2P2S6," in Photorefractive Materials and Their Applications II, P.Günter and J.-P.Hiugnard, eds. (Springer-Verlag, 2007).

Wechsler, B. A.

West, J.

O. Buchnev, A. Glushchenko, Y. Reznikov, V. Reshetnyak, O. Tereshchenko, and J. West, "Diluted ferroelectric suspension of Sn2P2S6 nanoparticles in nematic liquid crystals," Proc. SPIE 5257, 7-12 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wüest, H.

Ye, P.

M. Chi, S. X. Dou, Y. Zhu, and P. Ye, "Wavelength dependence of the effective trap density in Rh-doped BaTiO3: a comparison between theory and experiment," Opt. Commun. 170, 115-120 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Yeh, P.

Zgonik, M.

M. Ewart, R. Ryf, C. Medrano, H. Wüest, M. Zgonik, and P. Günter, "High photorefractive sensitivity at 860 nm in reduced rhodium-doped KNbO3," Opt. Lett. 22, 781-783 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Montemezzani and M. Zgonik, "Space-charge driven holograms in anisotropic media," in Photorefractive Materials and Their Applications I, P.Günter and J.-P.Hiugnard, eds. (Springer-Verlag, 2006).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, Y.

M. Chi, S. X. Dou, Y. Zhu, and P. Ye, "Wavelength dependence of the effective trap density in Rh-doped BaTiO3: a comparison between theory and experiment," Opt. Commun. 170, 115-120 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (2)

Ferroelectrics (2)

N. V. Kukhtarev, V. B. Markov, S. G. Odoulov, M. S. Soskin, and V. L. Vinetskii, "Holographic storage in electrooptic crystals 2. Beam coupling--light amplification," Ferroelectrics 22, 961-964 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Z. Potucek and Z. Bryknar, "Photoluminescence of defects in Sn2P2S6 crystals," Ferroelectrics 334, 171-179 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Mater. Res. Bull. (1)

C. D. Carpentier and R. Nitsche, "Vapor growth and crystal data of thio(seleno)-hypodiphosphates Sn2P2S6, Sn2P2Se6, Pb2P2S6, Pb2P2Se6 and their mixed-crystals," Mater. Res. Bull. 9, 401-410 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (4)

Ph. Delaye, L. A. de Montmorillon, I. Baggio, J. C. Launay, and G. Roosen, "Wavelength dependent effective trap density in CdTe: evidence for the presence of two photorefractive species," Opt. Commun. 134, 580-590 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Chi, S. X. Dou, Y. Zhu, and P. Ye, "Wavelength dependence of the effective trap density in Rh-doped BaTiO3: a comparison between theory and experiment," Opt. Commun. 170, 115-120 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Grabar, I. V. Kedyk, M. I. Gurzan, I. M. Stoika, A. A. Molnar, and Yu. M. Vysochanskii, "Enhanced photorefractive properties of modified Sn2P2S6," Opt. Commun. 188, 187-194 (2001).
[CrossRef]

D. Haertle, G. Caimi, A. Haldi, G. Montemezzani, P. Günter, A. A. Grabar, I. M. Stoika, and Yu. M. Vysochanskii, "Electro-optical properties of Sn2P2S6," Opt. Commun. 215, 333-343 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (6)

Opt. Mater. (2)

G. Roosen, A. Godard, S. Maerten, V. Reboud, N. Dubreuil, and G. Pauliat, "Self-organization of laser cavities using dynamic holograms," Opt. Mater. 23, 289-293 (2003).
[CrossRef]

G. Roosen, S. Bernhardt, and P. Delaye, "Ba0.77Ca0.23TiO3: a new photorefractive material to replace BaTiO3 in applications," Opt. Mater. 23, 243-251 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A (1)

A. N. Shumelyuk, A. Hryhorashchuk, and S. G. Odoulov, "Coherent optical oscillator with periodic zero-π phase modulation," Phys. Rev. A 72, 023819 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE (1)

O. Buchnev, A. Glushchenko, Y. Reznikov, V. Reshetnyak, O. Tereshchenko, and J. West, "Diluted ferroelectric suspension of Sn2P2S6 nanoparticles in nematic liquid crystals," Proc. SPIE 5257, 7-12 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Other (4)

A. A. Grabar, M. Jazbinsek, A. N. Shumelyuk, Yu. M. Vysochanskii, G. Montemezzani, and P. Günter, "Photorefractive effects in Sn2P2S6," in Photorefractive Materials and Their Applications II, P.Günter and J.-P.Hiugnard, eds. (Springer-Verlag, 2007).

P.Günter and J.-P.Huignard, eds., Photorefractive Materials and Their Applications I (Springer-Verlag, 2006).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Grabar, I. V. Kedyk, I. M. Stoika, Yu. M. Vysochanskii, M. Jazbinsek, G. Montemezzani, and P. Günter, Enhanced photorefractive properties of Te-Doped Sn2P2S6, in Photorefractive Effects, Materials, and Devices, Vol. 87 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2003), pp. 10-14.

G. Montemezzani and M. Zgonik, "Space-charge driven holograms in anisotropic media," in Photorefractive Materials and Their Applications I, P.Günter and J.-P.Hiugnard, eds. (Springer-Verlag, 2006).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Absorption spectra of nominally pure yellow, brown, Sb- and Te-doped Sn 2 P 2 S 6 crystals for x-polarized light.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Two-wave mixing gain Γ as a function of the grating spacing Λ in 1.5% Te-doped Sn 2 P 2 S 6 for x-polarized light for the wavelengths 633, 860, and 1064 nm . Solid curves are theoretical curves according to Eq. (1) and parameters listed in Table 1.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Temporal evolution of the two-wave mixing gain Γ after turning on the pump beam at time t = 0 , in a 1.5% Te-doped Sn 2 P 2 S 6 crystal at a wavelength of 1064 nm , light intensity of 6 W cm 2 , and a grating spacing Λ = 1.7 μ m . The dashed curve is theoretical according to Eq. (3) with a “fast” time constant τ 1 = 25 ms and a “slow” time constant τ 2 = 310 ms .

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Two-wave mixing response time τ as a function of the grating spacing Λ in 1.5% Te-doped Sn 2 P 2 S 6 for the wavelengths 980 and 1064 nm , normalized to an intensity of 10 W cm 2 .

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Measured maximal two-wave mixing gain coefficient as a function of the photon energy h ν . Solid lines are guides for the eyes.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Photorefractive Parameters of Te- and Sb-Doped Sn 2 P 2 S 6 a Compared with Nominally Pure Sn 2 P 2 S 6 and Modified Brown Sn 2 P 2 S 6 b

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Γ = 4 π 2 k B T λ e n S n P 2 cos 2 ϴ S cos ϴ S r eff 1 Λ [ 1 + ( 2 π l s Λ ) 2 ] ,
Γ = Γ 0 ( 1 e t τ ) .
Γ = Γ 1 ( 1 e t τ 1 ) + Γ 2 ( 1 e t τ 2 ) .
τ = τ die 1 + ( 2 π L D Λ ) 2 1 + ( l s Λ ) 2 ,
t min = ( h ν e ) ( λ Λ ) ( Γ α ) 2 π η ϵ 0 ϵ I 0 n 3 r eff ,

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