Abstract

We report on the first, to the best of our knowledge, studies of photorefraction in nematic liquid crystal (LC) doped with nanoferroelectric particles. We found the strong enhancement of two-beam coupling in the colloid of ferroelectric nanoparticles in LC. The effect originated from an increased birefringence of the colloid and a stronger LC reorientation torque. Our measurements allowed us to suggest that increased birefringence is caused by the contribution of polarizability anisotropy of the ferroelectric particles. Stronger reorientation torque is caused by the permanent dipole moment of the particles contributing to the dielectric anisotropy of the colloid εacol. The enhancement of two-beam coupling in LCs by doping with ferroelectric nanoparticles at extremely small concentration shows the strong potential of ferroelectric nanoparticles for improving the optical response of LCs, especially for those materials where a method of chemical synthesis has reached its limit.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  5. I. C. Khoo, B. D. Guenther, M. V. Wood, P. Chen, and M.-Y. Shih, "Coherent beam amplification with a photorefractive liquid crystal," Opt. Lett. 22, 1229-1231 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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  7. A. Miniewicz, K. Komorowska, J. Vanhanen, and J. Parka, "Surface-assisted optical storage in a nematic liquid crystal cell via photoinduced charge-density modulation," Org. Electron. 2, 155-163 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  8. F. Simoni, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, and P. Pagliusi, "Polymer dispersed liquid crystals: effects of photorefractivity and local heating on holographic recording," Chem. Phys. 245, 429-436 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  9. I. C. Khoo, S. Slussarenko, B. D. Guenther, M.-Y. Shih, P. Chen, and W. V. Wood, "Optically induced space-charge fields, dc voltage, and extraordinarily large nonlinearity in dye-doped nematic liquid crystals," Opt. Lett. 23, 253-255 (1998).
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  12. W. Lee, H.-Y. Chen, and S.-L. Yeh, "Surface-sustained permanent gratings in nematic liquid crystals doped with carbon nanotubes," Opt. Express 10, 482-487 (2002).
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    [CrossRef]
  14. P. Pagliusi and G. Cipparone, "Surface-induced photorefractive-like effect in pure liquid crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 168-170 (2002).
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  15. V. Boichuk, S. Kuchejev, J. Parka, V. Reshetnyak, Yu. Reznikov, I. Shzyjanovskaya, K. D. Singer, and S. Slussarenko, "Surface-mediated light-controlled Friedericksz transition in a nematic liquid crystal cell," J. Appl. Phys. 90, 5963-5967 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  16. P. Korneichuk, Yu. Reznikov, O. Tereshchenko, and V. Reshetnyak, "Surface-mediated beam coupling in nominally pure nematic liquid crystal," Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 422, 27-36 (2004).
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  21. E. Ouskova, O. Buchnev, V. Reshetnyak, Yu. Reznikov, and H. Kresse, "Dielectric relaxation spectroscopy of a nematic liquid crystal doped with ferroelectric Sn2P2S6 nanoparticles," Liq. Cryst. 30, 1235-1239 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  22. O. Buchnev, C. I. Cheon, A. Glushchenko, Yu. Reznikov, and J. L. West, "New non-synthetic method to modify properties of liquid crystals using micro and nano-particles," J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 13/9, 749-754 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  23. F. Li, J. West, A. Glushchenko, Ch.-Il. Cheon, and Yu. Reznikov, "Ferroelectric nanoparticle/liquid-crystal colloids for display applications," J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 14, 523-527 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  24. F. Li, O. Buchnev, Ch. Il. Cheon, A. Glushchenko, V. Reshetnyak, Yu. Reznikov, T. J. Sluckin, and J. L. West, "Orientational coupling amplification in ferroelectric nematic colloids," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 147801 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. V. Yu. Reshetnyak, "Effective dielectric function of ferroelectric LC suspensions," Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 421, 219-224 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  26. V. Yu. Reshetnyak, S. M. Shelestiuk, and T. J. Sluckin, "Fredericksz transition threshold in nematic liquid crystals filled with ferroelectric nano-particles," Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 454, 201-206 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  27. M. Kaczmarek, A. Dyadyusha, O. Buchnev, Yu. Reznikov, and V. Reshetnyak, "Improved photorefractive response in liquid crystals with ferroelectric nanoparticles," Nonlinear Opt., Quantum Opt. 35, 217-223 (2006).
  28. I. J. G. Sparrow, C. B. E. Gawith, P. G. R. Smith, G. D. Emmerson, M. Kaczmarek, and A. Dyadyusha, "First order phase change detection using planar waveguide Bragg grating refractometer," Appl. Phys. B 81, 1-4 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  29. M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics: Electromagnetic Theory of Propagation, Interference and Diffraction of Light (Cambridge U. Press, 1999).
    [PubMed]
  30. P.-G. de Gennes and J. Prost, The Physics of Liquid Crystals (Oxford U. Press, 1994).
  31. D. Chen and G. Luchkhrust, "Electron resonance study of the perturbation of the order in a nematic mesophase by a second component," Trans. Faraday Soc. 65, 656-664 (1969).
    [CrossRef]
  32. I. Pinkevich, Yu. Reznikov, and V. Reshetnyak, "Conformational optical nonlinearity of nematic liquid crystal," Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 207, 43-52 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  33. M. J. Stephen and J. P. Straley, "Physics of liquid crystals," Rev. Mod. Phys. 46, 617-704 (1974).
    [CrossRef]

2006 (5)

P. Korneychuk, O. Tereshchenko, Yu. Reznikov, V. Reshetnyak, and K. Singer, "Hidden surface photorefractive gratings in a nematic-liquid crystal cell in the absence of a deposited alignment layer," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23, 1007-1011 (2006).
[CrossRef]

V. Yu. Reshetnyak, S. M. Shelestiuk, and T. J. Sluckin, "Fredericksz transition threshold in nematic liquid crystals filled with ferroelectric nano-particles," Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 454, 201-206 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Kaczmarek, A. Dyadyusha, O. Buchnev, Yu. Reznikov, and V. Reshetnyak, "Improved photorefractive response in liquid crystals with ferroelectric nanoparticles," Nonlinear Opt., Quantum Opt. 35, 217-223 (2006).

F. Li, J. West, A. Glushchenko, Ch.-Il. Cheon, and Yu. Reznikov, "Ferroelectric nanoparticle/liquid-crystal colloids for display applications," J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 14, 523-527 (2006).
[CrossRef]

F. Li, O. Buchnev, Ch. Il. Cheon, A. Glushchenko, V. Reshetnyak, Yu. Reznikov, T. J. Sluckin, and J. L. West, "Orientational coupling amplification in ferroelectric nematic colloids," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 147801 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (2)

I. J. G. Sparrow, C. B. E. Gawith, P. G. R. Smith, G. D. Emmerson, M. Kaczmarek, and A. Dyadyusha, "First order phase change detection using planar waveguide Bragg grating refractometer," Appl. Phys. B 81, 1-4 (2005).
[CrossRef]

O. Buchnev, C. I. Cheon, A. Glushchenko, Yu. Reznikov, and J. L. West, "New non-synthetic method to modify properties of liquid crystals using micro and nano-particles," J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 13/9, 749-754 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (4)

P. Korneichuk, Yu. Reznikov, O. Tereshchenko, and V. Reshetnyak, "Surface-mediated beam coupling in nominally pure nematic liquid crystal," Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 422, 27-36 (2004).
[CrossRef]

P. Pagliusi and G. Cipparrone, "Photorefractive effect due to a photoinduced surface-charge modulation in undoped liquid crystals," Phys. Rev. E 69, 061708 (2004).
[CrossRef]

V. Yu. Reshetnyak, "Effective dielectric function of ferroelectric LC suspensions," Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 421, 219-224 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Kaczmarek, A. Dyadyusha, S. Slussarenko, and I. C. Khoo, "The role of surface charge field in two-beam coupling in liquid crystal cells with photoconducting polymer layers," J. Appl. Phys. 96, 2616-2623 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (2)

Yu. Reznikov, O. Buchnev, O. Tereshchenko, V. Reshetnyak, A. Glushchenko, and J. West, "Ferroelectric nematic suspension," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1917-1919 (2003).
[CrossRef]

E. Ouskova, O. Buchnev, V. Reshetnyak, Yu. Reznikov, and H. Kresse, "Dielectric relaxation spectroscopy of a nematic liquid crystal doped with ferroelectric Sn2P2S6 nanoparticles," Liq. Cryst. 30, 1235-1239 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

W. Lee, H.-Y. Chen, and S.-L. Yeh, "Surface-sustained permanent gratings in nematic liquid crystals doped with carbon nanotubes," Opt. Express 10, 482-487 (2002).
[PubMed]

P. Pagliusi and G. Cipparone, "Surface-induced photorefractive-like effect in pure liquid crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 168-170 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (2)

V. Boichuk, S. Kuchejev, J. Parka, V. Reshetnyak, Yu. Reznikov, I. Shzyjanovskaya, K. D. Singer, and S. Slussarenko, "Surface-mediated light-controlled Friedericksz transition in a nematic liquid crystal cell," J. Appl. Phys. 90, 5963-5967 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Miniewicz, K. Komorowska, J. Vanhanen, and J. Parka, "Surface-assisted optical storage in a nematic liquid crystal cell via photoinduced charge-density modulation," Org. Electron. 2, 155-163 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

G. Zhang, G. Montemezzani, and P. Gunter, "Orientational photorefractive effect in nematic liquid crystal with externally applied fields," J. Appl. Phys. 88, 1709-1717 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Zhang, V. Ostroverkhov, K. D. Singer, V. Reshetnyak, and Yu. Reznikov, "Electrically controlled surface diffraction gratings in nematic liquid crystals," Opt. Lett. 25, 414-416 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

F. Simoni, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, and P. Pagliusi, "Polymer dispersed liquid crystals: effects of photorefractivity and local heating on holographic recording," Chem. Phys. 245, 429-436 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (5)

1997 (1)

1996 (1)

I. C. Khoo, "Orientational photorefractive effects in nematic liquid crystal films," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 525-534 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

E. V. Rudenko and A. V. Sukhov, "Photoinduced conductivity and photorefraction in nematic liquid crystals," JETP Lett. 59, 142-145 (1994).

1991 (1)

I. Pinkevich, Yu. Reznikov, and V. Reshetnyak, "Conformational optical nonlinearity of nematic liquid crystal," Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 207, 43-52 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1974 (1)

M. J. Stephen and J. P. Straley, "Physics of liquid crystals," Rev. Mod. Phys. 46, 617-704 (1974).
[CrossRef]

1969 (1)

D. Chen and G. Luchkhrust, "Electron resonance study of the perturbation of the order in a nematic mesophase by a second component," Trans. Faraday Soc. 65, 656-664 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Bartkiewicz, S.

A. A. Miniewicz, S. Bartkiewicz, and J. Parka, "Optical phase conjugation in dye-doped nematic liquid crystal," Opt. Commun. 149, 89-95 (1998).
[CrossRef]

S. Bartkiewicz, F. Kajzar, A. Miniewicz, and M. Zagorska, "Observation of high gain in a liquid-crystal panel with photoconducting polymeric layers," Appl. Opt. 37, 6871-6877 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Boichuk, V.

V. Boichuk, S. Kuchejev, J. Parka, V. Reshetnyak, Yu. Reznikov, I. Shzyjanovskaya, K. D. Singer, and S. Slussarenko, "Surface-mediated light-controlled Friedericksz transition in a nematic liquid crystal cell," J. Appl. Phys. 90, 5963-5967 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Born, M.

M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics: Electromagnetic Theory of Propagation, Interference and Diffraction of Light (Cambridge U. Press, 1999).
[PubMed]

Buchnev, O.

F. Li, O. Buchnev, Ch. Il. Cheon, A. Glushchenko, V. Reshetnyak, Yu. Reznikov, T. J. Sluckin, and J. L. West, "Orientational coupling amplification in ferroelectric nematic colloids," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 147801 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Kaczmarek, A. Dyadyusha, O. Buchnev, Yu. Reznikov, and V. Reshetnyak, "Improved photorefractive response in liquid crystals with ferroelectric nanoparticles," Nonlinear Opt., Quantum Opt. 35, 217-223 (2006).

O. Buchnev, C. I. Cheon, A. Glushchenko, Yu. Reznikov, and J. L. West, "New non-synthetic method to modify properties of liquid crystals using micro and nano-particles," J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 13/9, 749-754 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yu. Reznikov, O. Buchnev, O. Tereshchenko, V. Reshetnyak, A. Glushchenko, and J. West, "Ferroelectric nematic suspension," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1917-1919 (2003).
[CrossRef]

E. Ouskova, O. Buchnev, V. Reshetnyak, Yu. Reznikov, and H. Kresse, "Dielectric relaxation spectroscopy of a nematic liquid crystal doped with ferroelectric Sn2P2S6 nanoparticles," Liq. Cryst. 30, 1235-1239 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chen, D.

D. Chen and G. Luchkhrust, "Electron resonance study of the perturbation of the order in a nematic mesophase by a second component," Trans. Faraday Soc. 65, 656-664 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Chen, H.-Y.

Chen, P.

Chen, S.-H.

S.-H. Chen and Y. Shen, "Observation of self-starting phase-conjugate oscillation in a planar nematic liquid-crystal cell," Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 1281-1283 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Cheon, C. I.

O. Buchnev, C. I. Cheon, A. Glushchenko, Yu. Reznikov, and J. L. West, "New non-synthetic method to modify properties of liquid crystals using micro and nano-particles," J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 13/9, 749-754 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Cheon, Ch. Il.

F. Li, O. Buchnev, Ch. Il. Cheon, A. Glushchenko, V. Reshetnyak, Yu. Reznikov, T. J. Sluckin, and J. L. West, "Orientational coupling amplification in ferroelectric nematic colloids," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 147801 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cheon, Ch.-Il.

F. Li, J. West, A. Glushchenko, Ch.-Il. Cheon, and Yu. Reznikov, "Ferroelectric nanoparticle/liquid-crystal colloids for display applications," J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 14, 523-527 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Cipparone, G.

P. Pagliusi and G. Cipparone, "Surface-induced photorefractive-like effect in pure liquid crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 168-170 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Cipparrone, G.

P. Pagliusi and G. Cipparrone, "Photorefractive effect due to a photoinduced surface-charge modulation in undoped liquid crystals," Phys. Rev. E 69, 061708 (2004).
[CrossRef]

F. Simoni, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, and P. Pagliusi, "Polymer dispersed liquid crystals: effects of photorefractivity and local heating on holographic recording," Chem. Phys. 245, 429-436 (1999).
[CrossRef]

de Gennes, P.-G.

P.-G. de Gennes and J. Prost, The Physics of Liquid Crystals (Oxford U. Press, 1994).

Dyadyusha, A.

M. Kaczmarek, A. Dyadyusha, O. Buchnev, Yu. Reznikov, and V. Reshetnyak, "Improved photorefractive response in liquid crystals with ferroelectric nanoparticles," Nonlinear Opt., Quantum Opt. 35, 217-223 (2006).

I. J. G. Sparrow, C. B. E. Gawith, P. G. R. Smith, G. D. Emmerson, M. Kaczmarek, and A. Dyadyusha, "First order phase change detection using planar waveguide Bragg grating refractometer," Appl. Phys. B 81, 1-4 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Kaczmarek, A. Dyadyusha, S. Slussarenko, and I. C. Khoo, "The role of surface charge field in two-beam coupling in liquid crystal cells with photoconducting polymer layers," J. Appl. Phys. 96, 2616-2623 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Emmerson, G. D.

I. J. G. Sparrow, C. B. E. Gawith, P. G. R. Smith, G. D. Emmerson, M. Kaczmarek, and A. Dyadyusha, "First order phase change detection using planar waveguide Bragg grating refractometer," Appl. Phys. B 81, 1-4 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Gawith, C. B. E.

I. J. G. Sparrow, C. B. E. Gawith, P. G. R. Smith, G. D. Emmerson, M. Kaczmarek, and A. Dyadyusha, "First order phase change detection using planar waveguide Bragg grating refractometer," Appl. Phys. B 81, 1-4 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Glushchenko, A.

F. Li, J. West, A. Glushchenko, Ch.-Il. Cheon, and Yu. Reznikov, "Ferroelectric nanoparticle/liquid-crystal colloids for display applications," J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 14, 523-527 (2006).
[CrossRef]

F. Li, O. Buchnev, Ch. Il. Cheon, A. Glushchenko, V. Reshetnyak, Yu. Reznikov, T. J. Sluckin, and J. L. West, "Orientational coupling amplification in ferroelectric nematic colloids," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 147801 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. Buchnev, C. I. Cheon, A. Glushchenko, Yu. Reznikov, and J. L. West, "New non-synthetic method to modify properties of liquid crystals using micro and nano-particles," J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 13/9, 749-754 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yu. Reznikov, O. Buchnev, O. Tereshchenko, V. Reshetnyak, A. Glushchenko, and J. West, "Ferroelectric nematic suspension," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1917-1919 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Guenther, B. D.

Gunter, P.

G. Zhang, G. Montemezzani, and P. Gunter, "Orientational photorefractive effect in nematic liquid crystal with externally applied fields," J. Appl. Phys. 88, 1709-1717 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kaczmarek, M.

M. Kaczmarek, A. Dyadyusha, O. Buchnev, Yu. Reznikov, and V. Reshetnyak, "Improved photorefractive response in liquid crystals with ferroelectric nanoparticles," Nonlinear Opt., Quantum Opt. 35, 217-223 (2006).

I. J. G. Sparrow, C. B. E. Gawith, P. G. R. Smith, G. D. Emmerson, M. Kaczmarek, and A. Dyadyusha, "First order phase change detection using planar waveguide Bragg grating refractometer," Appl. Phys. B 81, 1-4 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Kaczmarek, A. Dyadyusha, S. Slussarenko, and I. C. Khoo, "The role of surface charge field in two-beam coupling in liquid crystal cells with photoconducting polymer layers," J. Appl. Phys. 96, 2616-2623 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kajzar, F.

Khoo, I. C.

M. Kaczmarek, A. Dyadyusha, S. Slussarenko, and I. C. Khoo, "The role of surface charge field in two-beam coupling in liquid crystal cells with photoconducting polymer layers," J. Appl. Phys. 96, 2616-2623 (2004).
[CrossRef]

I. C. Khoo, S. Slussarenko, B. D. Guenther, M.-Y. Shih, P. Chen, and W. V. Wood, "Optically induced space-charge fields, dc voltage, and extraordinarily large nonlinearity in dye-doped nematic liquid crystals," Opt. Lett. 23, 253-255 (1998).
[CrossRef]

I. C. Khoo, B. D. Guenther, M. V. Wood, P. Chen, and M.-Y. Shih, "Coherent beam amplification with a photorefractive liquid crystal," Opt. Lett. 22, 1229-1231 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. C. Khoo, "Orientational photorefractive effects in nematic liquid crystal films," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 525-534 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Komorowska, K.

A. Miniewicz, K. Komorowska, J. Vanhanen, and J. Parka, "Surface-assisted optical storage in a nematic liquid crystal cell via photoinduced charge-density modulation," Org. Electron. 2, 155-163 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Korneichuk, P.

P. Korneichuk, Yu. Reznikov, O. Tereshchenko, and V. Reshetnyak, "Surface-mediated beam coupling in nominally pure nematic liquid crystal," Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 422, 27-36 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Korneychuk, P.

Kresse, H.

E. Ouskova, O. Buchnev, V. Reshetnyak, Yu. Reznikov, and H. Kresse, "Dielectric relaxation spectroscopy of a nematic liquid crystal doped with ferroelectric Sn2P2S6 nanoparticles," Liq. Cryst. 30, 1235-1239 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kuchejev, S.

V. Boichuk, S. Kuchejev, J. Parka, V. Reshetnyak, Yu. Reznikov, I. Shzyjanovskaya, K. D. Singer, and S. Slussarenko, "Surface-mediated light-controlled Friedericksz transition in a nematic liquid crystal cell," J. Appl. Phys. 90, 5963-5967 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Lee, W.

Li, F.

F. Li, J. West, A. Glushchenko, Ch.-Il. Cheon, and Yu. Reznikov, "Ferroelectric nanoparticle/liquid-crystal colloids for display applications," J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 14, 523-527 (2006).
[CrossRef]

F. Li, O. Buchnev, Ch. Il. Cheon, A. Glushchenko, V. Reshetnyak, Yu. Reznikov, T. J. Sluckin, and J. L. West, "Orientational coupling amplification in ferroelectric nematic colloids," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 147801 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Luchkhrust, G.

D. Chen and G. Luchkhrust, "Electron resonance study of the perturbation of the order in a nematic mesophase by a second component," Trans. Faraday Soc. 65, 656-664 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Mazzulla, A.

F. Simoni, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, and P. Pagliusi, "Polymer dispersed liquid crystals: effects of photorefractivity and local heating on holographic recording," Chem. Phys. 245, 429-436 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Miniewicz, A.

A. Miniewicz, K. Komorowska, J. Vanhanen, and J. Parka, "Surface-assisted optical storage in a nematic liquid crystal cell via photoinduced charge-density modulation," Org. Electron. 2, 155-163 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S. Bartkiewicz, F. Kajzar, A. Miniewicz, and M. Zagorska, "Observation of high gain in a liquid-crystal panel with photoconducting polymeric layers," Appl. Opt. 37, 6871-6877 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Miniewicz, A. A.

A. A. Miniewicz, S. Bartkiewicz, and J. Parka, "Optical phase conjugation in dye-doped nematic liquid crystal," Opt. Commun. 149, 89-95 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Montemezzani, G.

G. Zhang, G. Montemezzani, and P. Gunter, "Orientational photorefractive effect in nematic liquid crystal with externally applied fields," J. Appl. Phys. 88, 1709-1717 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ostroverkhov, V.

Ouskova, E.

E. Ouskova, O. Buchnev, V. Reshetnyak, Yu. Reznikov, and H. Kresse, "Dielectric relaxation spectroscopy of a nematic liquid crystal doped with ferroelectric Sn2P2S6 nanoparticles," Liq. Cryst. 30, 1235-1239 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Pagliusi, P.

P. Pagliusi and G. Cipparrone, "Photorefractive effect due to a photoinduced surface-charge modulation in undoped liquid crystals," Phys. Rev. E 69, 061708 (2004).
[CrossRef]

P. Pagliusi and G. Cipparone, "Surface-induced photorefractive-like effect in pure liquid crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 168-170 (2002).
[CrossRef]

F. Simoni, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, and P. Pagliusi, "Polymer dispersed liquid crystals: effects of photorefractivity and local heating on holographic recording," Chem. Phys. 245, 429-436 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Parka, J.

A. Miniewicz, K. Komorowska, J. Vanhanen, and J. Parka, "Surface-assisted optical storage in a nematic liquid crystal cell via photoinduced charge-density modulation," Org. Electron. 2, 155-163 (2001).
[CrossRef]

V. Boichuk, S. Kuchejev, J. Parka, V. Reshetnyak, Yu. Reznikov, I. Shzyjanovskaya, K. D. Singer, and S. Slussarenko, "Surface-mediated light-controlled Friedericksz transition in a nematic liquid crystal cell," J. Appl. Phys. 90, 5963-5967 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Miniewicz, S. Bartkiewicz, and J. Parka, "Optical phase conjugation in dye-doped nematic liquid crystal," Opt. Commun. 149, 89-95 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Pinkevich, I.

I. Pinkevich, Yu. Reznikov, and V. Reshetnyak, "Conformational optical nonlinearity of nematic liquid crystal," Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 207, 43-52 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Prost, J.

P.-G. de Gennes and J. Prost, The Physics of Liquid Crystals (Oxford U. Press, 1994).

Reshetnyak, V.

F. Li, O. Buchnev, Ch. Il. Cheon, A. Glushchenko, V. Reshetnyak, Yu. Reznikov, T. J. Sluckin, and J. L. West, "Orientational coupling amplification in ferroelectric nematic colloids," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 147801 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Kaczmarek, A. Dyadyusha, O. Buchnev, Yu. Reznikov, and V. Reshetnyak, "Improved photorefractive response in liquid crystals with ferroelectric nanoparticles," Nonlinear Opt., Quantum Opt. 35, 217-223 (2006).

P. Korneychuk, O. Tereshchenko, Yu. Reznikov, V. Reshetnyak, and K. Singer, "Hidden surface photorefractive gratings in a nematic-liquid crystal cell in the absence of a deposited alignment layer," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23, 1007-1011 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. Korneichuk, Yu. Reznikov, O. Tereshchenko, and V. Reshetnyak, "Surface-mediated beam coupling in nominally pure nematic liquid crystal," Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 422, 27-36 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yu. Reznikov, O. Buchnev, O. Tereshchenko, V. Reshetnyak, A. Glushchenko, and J. West, "Ferroelectric nematic suspension," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1917-1919 (2003).
[CrossRef]

E. Ouskova, O. Buchnev, V. Reshetnyak, Yu. Reznikov, and H. Kresse, "Dielectric relaxation spectroscopy of a nematic liquid crystal doped with ferroelectric Sn2P2S6 nanoparticles," Liq. Cryst. 30, 1235-1239 (2003).
[CrossRef]

V. Boichuk, S. Kuchejev, J. Parka, V. Reshetnyak, Yu. Reznikov, I. Shzyjanovskaya, K. D. Singer, and S. Slussarenko, "Surface-mediated light-controlled Friedericksz transition in a nematic liquid crystal cell," J. Appl. Phys. 90, 5963-5967 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Zhang, V. Ostroverkhov, K. D. Singer, V. Reshetnyak, and Yu. Reznikov, "Electrically controlled surface diffraction gratings in nematic liquid crystals," Opt. Lett. 25, 414-416 (2000).
[CrossRef]

I. Pinkevich, Yu. Reznikov, and V. Reshetnyak, "Conformational optical nonlinearity of nematic liquid crystal," Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 207, 43-52 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Reshetnyak, V. Yu.

V. Yu. Reshetnyak, S. M. Shelestiuk, and T. J. Sluckin, "Fredericksz transition threshold in nematic liquid crystals filled with ferroelectric nano-particles," Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 454, 201-206 (2006).
[CrossRef]

V. Yu. Reshetnyak, "Effective dielectric function of ferroelectric LC suspensions," Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 421, 219-224 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Reznikov, Yu.

M. Kaczmarek, A. Dyadyusha, O. Buchnev, Yu. Reznikov, and V. Reshetnyak, "Improved photorefractive response in liquid crystals with ferroelectric nanoparticles," Nonlinear Opt., Quantum Opt. 35, 217-223 (2006).

F. Li, O. Buchnev, Ch. Il. Cheon, A. Glushchenko, V. Reshetnyak, Yu. Reznikov, T. J. Sluckin, and J. L. West, "Orientational coupling amplification in ferroelectric nematic colloids," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 147801 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Li, J. West, A. Glushchenko, Ch.-Il. Cheon, and Yu. Reznikov, "Ferroelectric nanoparticle/liquid-crystal colloids for display applications," J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 14, 523-527 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. Korneychuk, O. Tereshchenko, Yu. Reznikov, V. Reshetnyak, and K. Singer, "Hidden surface photorefractive gratings in a nematic-liquid crystal cell in the absence of a deposited alignment layer," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23, 1007-1011 (2006).
[CrossRef]

O. Buchnev, C. I. Cheon, A. Glushchenko, Yu. Reznikov, and J. L. West, "New non-synthetic method to modify properties of liquid crystals using micro and nano-particles," J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 13/9, 749-754 (2005).
[CrossRef]

P. Korneichuk, Yu. Reznikov, O. Tereshchenko, and V. Reshetnyak, "Surface-mediated beam coupling in nominally pure nematic liquid crystal," Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 422, 27-36 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yu. Reznikov, O. Buchnev, O. Tereshchenko, V. Reshetnyak, A. Glushchenko, and J. West, "Ferroelectric nematic suspension," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1917-1919 (2003).
[CrossRef]

E. Ouskova, O. Buchnev, V. Reshetnyak, Yu. Reznikov, and H. Kresse, "Dielectric relaxation spectroscopy of a nematic liquid crystal doped with ferroelectric Sn2P2S6 nanoparticles," Liq. Cryst. 30, 1235-1239 (2003).
[CrossRef]

V. Boichuk, S. Kuchejev, J. Parka, V. Reshetnyak, Yu. Reznikov, I. Shzyjanovskaya, K. D. Singer, and S. Slussarenko, "Surface-mediated light-controlled Friedericksz transition in a nematic liquid crystal cell," J. Appl. Phys. 90, 5963-5967 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Zhang, V. Ostroverkhov, K. D. Singer, V. Reshetnyak, and Yu. Reznikov, "Electrically controlled surface diffraction gratings in nematic liquid crystals," Opt. Lett. 25, 414-416 (2000).
[CrossRef]

I. Pinkevich, Yu. Reznikov, and V. Reshetnyak, "Conformational optical nonlinearity of nematic liquid crystal," Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 207, 43-52 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Rudenko, E. V.

E. V. Rudenko and A. V. Sukhov, "Photoinduced conductivity and photorefraction in nematic liquid crystals," JETP Lett. 59, 142-145 (1994).

Shelestiuk, S. M.

V. Yu. Reshetnyak, S. M. Shelestiuk, and T. J. Sluckin, "Fredericksz transition threshold in nematic liquid crystals filled with ferroelectric nano-particles," Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 454, 201-206 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Shen, Y.

S.-H. Chen and Y. Shen, "Observation of self-starting phase-conjugate oscillation in a planar nematic liquid-crystal cell," Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 1281-1283 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Shih, M.-Y.

Shzyjanovskaya, I.

V. Boichuk, S. Kuchejev, J. Parka, V. Reshetnyak, Yu. Reznikov, I. Shzyjanovskaya, K. D. Singer, and S. Slussarenko, "Surface-mediated light-controlled Friedericksz transition in a nematic liquid crystal cell," J. Appl. Phys. 90, 5963-5967 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Simoni, F.

F. Simoni, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, and P. Pagliusi, "Polymer dispersed liquid crystals: effects of photorefractivity and local heating on holographic recording," Chem. Phys. 245, 429-436 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Singer, K.

Singer, K. D.

V. Boichuk, S. Kuchejev, J. Parka, V. Reshetnyak, Yu. Reznikov, I. Shzyjanovskaya, K. D. Singer, and S. Slussarenko, "Surface-mediated light-controlled Friedericksz transition in a nematic liquid crystal cell," J. Appl. Phys. 90, 5963-5967 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Zhang, V. Ostroverkhov, K. D. Singer, V. Reshetnyak, and Yu. Reznikov, "Electrically controlled surface diffraction gratings in nematic liquid crystals," Opt. Lett. 25, 414-416 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Sluckin, T. J.

V. Yu. Reshetnyak, S. M. Shelestiuk, and T. J. Sluckin, "Fredericksz transition threshold in nematic liquid crystals filled with ferroelectric nano-particles," Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 454, 201-206 (2006).
[CrossRef]

F. Li, O. Buchnev, Ch. Il. Cheon, A. Glushchenko, V. Reshetnyak, Yu. Reznikov, T. J. Sluckin, and J. L. West, "Orientational coupling amplification in ferroelectric nematic colloids," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 147801 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Slussarenko, S.

M. Kaczmarek, A. Dyadyusha, S. Slussarenko, and I. C. Khoo, "The role of surface charge field in two-beam coupling in liquid crystal cells with photoconducting polymer layers," J. Appl. Phys. 96, 2616-2623 (2004).
[CrossRef]

V. Boichuk, S. Kuchejev, J. Parka, V. Reshetnyak, Yu. Reznikov, I. Shzyjanovskaya, K. D. Singer, and S. Slussarenko, "Surface-mediated light-controlled Friedericksz transition in a nematic liquid crystal cell," J. Appl. Phys. 90, 5963-5967 (2001).
[CrossRef]

I. C. Khoo, S. Slussarenko, B. D. Guenther, M.-Y. Shih, P. Chen, and W. V. Wood, "Optically induced space-charge fields, dc voltage, and extraordinarily large nonlinearity in dye-doped nematic liquid crystals," Opt. Lett. 23, 253-255 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Smith, P. G. R.

I. J. G. Sparrow, C. B. E. Gawith, P. G. R. Smith, G. D. Emmerson, M. Kaczmarek, and A. Dyadyusha, "First order phase change detection using planar waveguide Bragg grating refractometer," Appl. Phys. B 81, 1-4 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sparrow, I. J. G.

I. J. G. Sparrow, C. B. E. Gawith, P. G. R. Smith, G. D. Emmerson, M. Kaczmarek, and A. Dyadyusha, "First order phase change detection using planar waveguide Bragg grating refractometer," Appl. Phys. B 81, 1-4 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Stephen, M. J.

M. J. Stephen and J. P. Straley, "Physics of liquid crystals," Rev. Mod. Phys. 46, 617-704 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Straley, J. P.

M. J. Stephen and J. P. Straley, "Physics of liquid crystals," Rev. Mod. Phys. 46, 617-704 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Sukhov, A. V.

E. V. Rudenko and A. V. Sukhov, "Photoinduced conductivity and photorefraction in nematic liquid crystals," JETP Lett. 59, 142-145 (1994).

Tabiryan, N. V.

Tereshchenko, O.

P. Korneychuk, O. Tereshchenko, Yu. Reznikov, V. Reshetnyak, and K. Singer, "Hidden surface photorefractive gratings in a nematic-liquid crystal cell in the absence of a deposited alignment layer," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23, 1007-1011 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. Korneichuk, Yu. Reznikov, O. Tereshchenko, and V. Reshetnyak, "Surface-mediated beam coupling in nominally pure nematic liquid crystal," Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 422, 27-36 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yu. Reznikov, O. Buchnev, O. Tereshchenko, V. Reshetnyak, A. Glushchenko, and J. West, "Ferroelectric nematic suspension," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1917-1919 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Umeton, C.

Vanhanen, J.

A. Miniewicz, K. Komorowska, J. Vanhanen, and J. Parka, "Surface-assisted optical storage in a nematic liquid crystal cell via photoinduced charge-density modulation," Org. Electron. 2, 155-163 (2001).
[CrossRef]

West, J.

F. Li, J. West, A. Glushchenko, Ch.-Il. Cheon, and Yu. Reznikov, "Ferroelectric nanoparticle/liquid-crystal colloids for display applications," J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 14, 523-527 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yu. Reznikov, O. Buchnev, O. Tereshchenko, V. Reshetnyak, A. Glushchenko, and J. West, "Ferroelectric nematic suspension," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1917-1919 (2003).
[CrossRef]

West, J. L.

F. Li, O. Buchnev, Ch. Il. Cheon, A. Glushchenko, V. Reshetnyak, Yu. Reznikov, T. J. Sluckin, and J. L. West, "Orientational coupling amplification in ferroelectric nematic colloids," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 147801 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. Buchnev, C. I. Cheon, A. Glushchenko, Yu. Reznikov, and J. L. West, "New non-synthetic method to modify properties of liquid crystals using micro and nano-particles," J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 13/9, 749-754 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wolf, E.

M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics: Electromagnetic Theory of Propagation, Interference and Diffraction of Light (Cambridge U. Press, 1999).
[PubMed]

Wood, M. V.

Wood, W. V.

Yeh, S.-L.

Zagorska, M.

Zhang, G.

G. Zhang, G. Montemezzani, and P. Gunter, "Orientational photorefractive effect in nematic liquid crystal with externally applied fields," J. Appl. Phys. 88, 1709-1717 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, J.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

I. J. G. Sparrow, C. B. E. Gawith, P. G. R. Smith, G. D. Emmerson, M. Kaczmarek, and A. Dyadyusha, "First order phase change detection using planar waveguide Bragg grating refractometer," Appl. Phys. B 81, 1-4 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

Yu. Reznikov, O. Buchnev, O. Tereshchenko, V. Reshetnyak, A. Glushchenko, and J. West, "Ferroelectric nematic suspension," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1917-1919 (2003).
[CrossRef]

P. Pagliusi and G. Cipparone, "Surface-induced photorefractive-like effect in pure liquid crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 168-170 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S.-H. Chen and Y. Shen, "Observation of self-starting phase-conjugate oscillation in a planar nematic liquid-crystal cell," Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 1281-1283 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. (1)

F. Simoni, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, and P. Pagliusi, "Polymer dispersed liquid crystals: effects of photorefractivity and local heating on holographic recording," Chem. Phys. 245, 429-436 (1999).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

I. C. Khoo, "Orientational photorefractive effects in nematic liquid crystal films," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 525-534 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (3)

G. Zhang, G. Montemezzani, and P. Gunter, "Orientational photorefractive effect in nematic liquid crystal with externally applied fields," J. Appl. Phys. 88, 1709-1717 (2000).
[CrossRef]

V. Boichuk, S. Kuchejev, J. Parka, V. Reshetnyak, Yu. Reznikov, I. Shzyjanovskaya, K. D. Singer, and S. Slussarenko, "Surface-mediated light-controlled Friedericksz transition in a nematic liquid crystal cell," J. Appl. Phys. 90, 5963-5967 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Kaczmarek, A. Dyadyusha, S. Slussarenko, and I. C. Khoo, "The role of surface charge field in two-beam coupling in liquid crystal cells with photoconducting polymer layers," J. Appl. Phys. 96, 2616-2623 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

J. Soc. Inf. Disp. (2)

O. Buchnev, C. I. Cheon, A. Glushchenko, Yu. Reznikov, and J. L. West, "New non-synthetic method to modify properties of liquid crystals using micro and nano-particles," J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 13/9, 749-754 (2005).
[CrossRef]

F. Li, J. West, A. Glushchenko, Ch.-Il. Cheon, and Yu. Reznikov, "Ferroelectric nanoparticle/liquid-crystal colloids for display applications," J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 14, 523-527 (2006).
[CrossRef]

JETP Lett. (1)

E. V. Rudenko and A. V. Sukhov, "Photoinduced conductivity and photorefraction in nematic liquid crystals," JETP Lett. 59, 142-145 (1994).

Liq. Cryst. (1)

E. Ouskova, O. Buchnev, V. Reshetnyak, Yu. Reznikov, and H. Kresse, "Dielectric relaxation spectroscopy of a nematic liquid crystal doped with ferroelectric Sn2P2S6 nanoparticles," Liq. Cryst. 30, 1235-1239 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (4)

V. Yu. Reshetnyak, "Effective dielectric function of ferroelectric LC suspensions," Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 421, 219-224 (2004).
[CrossRef]

V. Yu. Reshetnyak, S. M. Shelestiuk, and T. J. Sluckin, "Fredericksz transition threshold in nematic liquid crystals filled with ferroelectric nano-particles," Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 454, 201-206 (2006).
[CrossRef]

I. Pinkevich, Yu. Reznikov, and V. Reshetnyak, "Conformational optical nonlinearity of nematic liquid crystal," Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 207, 43-52 (1991).
[CrossRef]

P. Korneichuk, Yu. Reznikov, O. Tereshchenko, and V. Reshetnyak, "Surface-mediated beam coupling in nominally pure nematic liquid crystal," Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 422, 27-36 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nonlinear Opt., Quantum Opt. (1)

M. Kaczmarek, A. Dyadyusha, O. Buchnev, Yu. Reznikov, and V. Reshetnyak, "Improved photorefractive response in liquid crystals with ferroelectric nanoparticles," Nonlinear Opt., Quantum Opt. 35, 217-223 (2006).

Opt. Commun. (1)

A. A. Miniewicz, S. Bartkiewicz, and J. Parka, "Optical phase conjugation in dye-doped nematic liquid crystal," Opt. Commun. 149, 89-95 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Org. Electron. (1)

A. Miniewicz, K. Komorowska, J. Vanhanen, and J. Parka, "Surface-assisted optical storage in a nematic liquid crystal cell via photoinduced charge-density modulation," Org. Electron. 2, 155-163 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. E (1)

P. Pagliusi and G. Cipparrone, "Photorefractive effect due to a photoinduced surface-charge modulation in undoped liquid crystals," Phys. Rev. E 69, 061708 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

F. Li, O. Buchnev, Ch. Il. Cheon, A. Glushchenko, V. Reshetnyak, Yu. Reznikov, T. J. Sluckin, and J. L. West, "Orientational coupling amplification in ferroelectric nematic colloids," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 147801 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

M. J. Stephen and J. P. Straley, "Physics of liquid crystals," Rev. Mod. Phys. 46, 617-704 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Trans. Faraday Soc. (1)

D. Chen and G. Luchkhrust, "Electron resonance study of the perturbation of the order in a nematic mesophase by a second component," Trans. Faraday Soc. 65, 656-664 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics: Electromagnetic Theory of Propagation, Interference and Diffraction of Light (Cambridge U. Press, 1999).
[PubMed]

P.-G. de Gennes and J. Prost, The Physics of Liquid Crystals (Oxford U. Press, 1994).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Intensity exchange between the beams of equal intensities in the cell with the colloid. t = 0 ; 15 s , both beams are switched on. t = 10 s , pump beam is switched off.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Dependence of the gain coefficient on the applied voltage measured for the LC and the colloid.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Dependence of the transmittance of the cell on ac voltage measured for the LC and the colloid.

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

n ̃ e ( ψ , x , z ) = n e n o ( n e 2 sin 2 β + n o 2 cos 2 β ) 1 2 ( n e + n o ) sin β cos β ( n e 2 sin 2 β + n o 2 cos 2 β ) 3 2 n a θ ( x , z ) ,
F = 0 L { 1 2 ( K 1 cos 2 θ + K 3 sin 2 θ ) θ 2 1 2 ϵ 0 ( ϵ LC + ϵ ̃ a sin 2 θ ) E z 2 ( θ ) } d z + const ,
ϵ ̃ a col = ϵ a LC + c part P 2 V β λ 2 ϵ 0 ,
S col ( τ col ) S LC ( τ LC ) + Δ τ d S LC d τ LC .
V thr col = π K LC ϵ 0 ϵ ̃ a col .

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