Abstract

Fluorophosphate glasses with different contents of ErF3 were prepared. Due to the radiation trapping of Er, concentration dependence of the fluorescence lifetime is subject to distortion, and the stimulated-emission cross section calculated by the Fuchtbauer–Ladenburg equation is underestimated. The influence of radiation trapping on the measured fluorescence lifetime and width are investigated quantitatively. By comparing the intensity ratio of the 15561532nm peak in the fluorescence spectrum with that in the stimulated-emission cross-section spectrum obtained according to the McCumber theory, the distortion ratio of fluorescence spectrum due to radiation trapping is obtained. An empirical way to quantitatively evaluate the influences of radiation trapping on fluorescence lifetime and width is proposed.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  7. L. Huang, X. Liu, H. Lin, and J. Lin, "Room-temperature intense emission at 1534 nm in Er-doped Cd3Al2Si3O12 glass," Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 2849-2851 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  8. D. F. De Sousa, L. F. Zonetti, M. J. V. Bell, R. Lebullenger, A. C. Hernandes, and L. A. O. Nunes, "Er3+:Yb3+ codoped lead fluoroindogallate glasses for mid infrared and upconversion applications," J. Appl. Phys. 85, 2502-2507 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  9. Y. G. Choi, K. H. Kim, S. H. Park, and J. Heo, "Comparative study of energy transfers from Er3+ to Ce3+ in tellurite and sulfide glasses under 980 nm excitation," J. Appl. Phys. 88, 3832-3839 (2000).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  11. P. Camy, J. E. Roman, F. W. Willems, M. Hempstead, J. C. Van Der Plaats, C. Prel, A. Beguin, A. M. J. Koonen, J. S. Wilkinson, and C. Lerminiaux, "Ion-exchanged planar lossless splitter at 1.5 μm," Electron. Lett. 32, 321-323 (1996).
    [Crossref]
  12. E. K. Mwarani, D. M. Murphy, M. Hempstead, L. Reekie, and J. S. Wilkinson, "Integrated Q-switched multiple-cavity glass waveguide laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 235-237 (1992).
    [Crossref]
  13. K. Hattori, T. Kitagawa, M. Oguma, M. Wada, J. Temmyo, and M. Horiguchi, "Erbium-doped silica-based planar waveguide amplifier pumped by 0.98 μm laser diodes," Electron. Lett. 29, 357-359 (1993).
    [Crossref]
  14. M. J. Weber, "Multiphonon relaxation of rare-earth ions in yttrium orthoaluminate," Phys. Rev. B 8, 54-64 (1973).
    [Crossref]
  15. E. De La Rosa-Cruz, G. A. Kumar, L. A. Diaz-Torres, A. Martínez, and O. Barbosa-García, "Spectroscopic characterization of Nd3+ ions in barium fluoroborophosphate glasses," Opt. Mater. 18, 321-329 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  16. M. J. Weber, "Probabilities for radiative and nonradiative decay of Er3+ in LaF3," Phys. Rev. 157, 262-272 (1967).
    [Crossref]
  17. W. J. Miniscalo and R. S. Quimby, "General procedure for the analysis of Er3+ cross sections," Opt. Lett. 16, 258-260 (1992).
    [Crossref]
  18. S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupe, "Infrared cross-section measurements for crystals doped with Er3+, Tm3+, and Ho3+," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2619-2630 (1992).
    [Crossref]
  19. X. Feng, S. Tanabe, and T. Hanada, "Spectroscopic properties of erbium-doped ultraphosphate glasses for 1.5 μm amplification," J. Appl. Phys. 89, 3560-3567 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  20. S. Biswal, J. Nees, A. Nishimura, H. Takuma, and G. Mourou, "Ytterbium-doped glass regenerative chirped-pulse amplifier," Opt. Commun. 160, 92-97 (1992).
    [Crossref]

2006 (1)

2003 (2)

S. X. Dai, J. H. Yang, L. Wen, L. L. Hu, and Z. H. Jiang, "Effect of radiative trapping on measurement of the spectroscopic properties of Yb3+: phosphate glasses," J. Lumin. 104, 55-63 (2003).
[Crossref]

F. Auzel, G. Baldacchini, L. Laversenne, and G. Boulon, "Radiation trapping and self-quenching analysis in Yb3+, Er3+, and Ho3+ doped Y2O3," Opt. Mater. 24, 103-109 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (2)

P. R. Ehrmann and J. H. Campbell, "Nonradiative energy losses and radiation trapping in neodymium-doped phosphate laser glasses," J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 85, 1061-1069 (2002).
[Crossref]

L. Laversenne, C. Goutaudier, Y. Guyot, M. Th. Cohen-Adad, and G. Boulon, "Growth of rare earth (RE) doped concentration gradient crystal fibers and analysis of dynamical processes of laser resonant transitions in RE-doped Y2O3(RE=Yb3+,Er3+,Ho3+)," J. Alloys Compd. 341, 214-219 (2002).
[Crossref]

2001 (2)

E. De La Rosa-Cruz, G. A. Kumar, L. A. Diaz-Torres, A. Martínez, and O. Barbosa-García, "Spectroscopic characterization of Nd3+ ions in barium fluoroborophosphate glasses," Opt. Mater. 18, 321-329 (2001).
[Crossref]

X. Feng, S. Tanabe, and T. Hanada, "Spectroscopic properties of erbium-doped ultraphosphate glasses for 1.5 μm amplification," J. Appl. Phys. 89, 3560-3567 (2001).
[Crossref]

2000 (2)

L. Huang, X. Liu, H. Lin, and J. Lin, "Room-temperature intense emission at 1534 nm in Er-doped Cd3Al2Si3O12 glass," Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 2849-2851 (2000).
[Crossref]

Y. G. Choi, K. H. Kim, S. H. Park, and J. Heo, "Comparative study of energy transfers from Er3+ to Ce3+ in tellurite and sulfide glasses under 980 nm excitation," J. Appl. Phys. 88, 3832-3839 (2000).
[Crossref]

1999 (2)

P. L. Boulanger, J. L. Doualan, S. Girard, J. Margerie, and R. Moncorgé, "Excited-state absorption spectroscopy of Er3+-doped Y3Al5O12, YVO4, and phosphate glass," Phys. Rev. B 60, 11380-11390 (1999).
[Crossref]

D. F. De Sousa, L. F. Zonetti, M. J. V. Bell, R. Lebullenger, A. C. Hernandes, and L. A. O. Nunes, "Er3+:Yb3+ codoped lead fluoroindogallate glasses for mid infrared and upconversion applications," J. Appl. Phys. 85, 2502-2507 (1999).
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

P. Camy, J. E. Roman, F. W. Willems, M. Hempstead, J. C. Van Der Plaats, C. Prel, A. Beguin, A. M. J. Koonen, J. S. Wilkinson, and C. Lerminiaux, "Ion-exchanged planar lossless splitter at 1.5 μm," Electron. Lett. 32, 321-323 (1996).
[Crossref]

1994 (1)

1993 (1)

K. Hattori, T. Kitagawa, M. Oguma, M. Wada, J. Temmyo, and M. Horiguchi, "Erbium-doped silica-based planar waveguide amplifier pumped by 0.98 μm laser diodes," Electron. Lett. 29, 357-359 (1993).
[Crossref]

1992 (4)

W. J. Miniscalo and R. S. Quimby, "General procedure for the analysis of Er3+ cross sections," Opt. Lett. 16, 258-260 (1992).
[Crossref]

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupe, "Infrared cross-section measurements for crystals doped with Er3+, Tm3+, and Ho3+," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2619-2630 (1992).
[Crossref]

E. K. Mwarani, D. M. Murphy, M. Hempstead, L. Reekie, and J. S. Wilkinson, "Integrated Q-switched multiple-cavity glass waveguide laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 235-237 (1992).
[Crossref]

S. Biswal, J. Nees, A. Nishimura, H. Takuma, and G. Mourou, "Ytterbium-doped glass regenerative chirped-pulse amplifier," Opt. Commun. 160, 92-97 (1992).
[Crossref]

1973 (1)

M. J. Weber, "Multiphonon relaxation of rare-earth ions in yttrium orthoaluminate," Phys. Rev. B 8, 54-64 (1973).
[Crossref]

1967 (1)

M. J. Weber, "Probabilities for radiative and nonradiative decay of Er3+ in LaF3," Phys. Rev. 157, 262-272 (1967).
[Crossref]

Auzel, F.

F. Auzel, G. Baldacchini, L. Laversenne, and G. Boulon, "Radiation trapping and self-quenching analysis in Yb3+, Er3+, and Ho3+ doped Y2O3," Opt. Mater. 24, 103-109 (2003).
[Crossref]

Baldacchini, G.

F. Auzel, G. Baldacchini, L. Laversenne, and G. Boulon, "Radiation trapping and self-quenching analysis in Yb3+, Er3+, and Ho3+ doped Y2O3," Opt. Mater. 24, 103-109 (2003).
[Crossref]

Barbosa-García, O.

E. De La Rosa-Cruz, G. A. Kumar, L. A. Diaz-Torres, A. Martínez, and O. Barbosa-García, "Spectroscopic characterization of Nd3+ ions in barium fluoroborophosphate glasses," Opt. Mater. 18, 321-329 (2001).
[Crossref]

Beguin, A.

P. Camy, J. E. Roman, F. W. Willems, M. Hempstead, J. C. Van Der Plaats, C. Prel, A. Beguin, A. M. J. Koonen, J. S. Wilkinson, and C. Lerminiaux, "Ion-exchanged planar lossless splitter at 1.5 μm," Electron. Lett. 32, 321-323 (1996).
[Crossref]

Bell, M. J. V.

D. F. De Sousa, L. F. Zonetti, M. J. V. Bell, R. Lebullenger, A. C. Hernandes, and L. A. O. Nunes, "Er3+:Yb3+ codoped lead fluoroindogallate glasses for mid infrared and upconversion applications," J. Appl. Phys. 85, 2502-2507 (1999).
[Crossref]

Biswal, S.

S. Biswal, J. Nees, A. Nishimura, H. Takuma, and G. Mourou, "Ytterbium-doped glass regenerative chirped-pulse amplifier," Opt. Commun. 160, 92-97 (1992).
[Crossref]

Boulanger, P. L.

P. L. Boulanger, J. L. Doualan, S. Girard, J. Margerie, and R. Moncorgé, "Excited-state absorption spectroscopy of Er3+-doped Y3Al5O12, YVO4, and phosphate glass," Phys. Rev. B 60, 11380-11390 (1999).
[Crossref]

Boulon, G.

F. Auzel, G. Baldacchini, L. Laversenne, and G. Boulon, "Radiation trapping and self-quenching analysis in Yb3+, Er3+, and Ho3+ doped Y2O3," Opt. Mater. 24, 103-109 (2003).
[Crossref]

L. Laversenne, C. Goutaudier, Y. Guyot, M. Th. Cohen-Adad, and G. Boulon, "Growth of rare earth (RE) doped concentration gradient crystal fibers and analysis of dynamical processes of laser resonant transitions in RE-doped Y2O3(RE=Yb3+,Er3+,Ho3+)," J. Alloys Compd. 341, 214-219 (2002).
[Crossref]

Campbell, J. H.

P. R. Ehrmann and J. H. Campbell, "Nonradiative energy losses and radiation trapping in neodymium-doped phosphate laser glasses," J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 85, 1061-1069 (2002).
[Crossref]

Camy, P.

P. Camy, J. E. Roman, F. W. Willems, M. Hempstead, J. C. Van Der Plaats, C. Prel, A. Beguin, A. M. J. Koonen, J. S. Wilkinson, and C. Lerminiaux, "Ion-exchanged planar lossless splitter at 1.5 μm," Electron. Lett. 32, 321-323 (1996).
[Crossref]

Chase, L. L.

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupe, "Infrared cross-section measurements for crystals doped with Er3+, Tm3+, and Ho3+," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2619-2630 (1992).
[Crossref]

Chen, Y.

Choi, Y. G.

Y. G. Choi, K. H. Kim, S. H. Park, and J. Heo, "Comparative study of energy transfers from Er3+ to Ce3+ in tellurite and sulfide glasses under 980 nm excitation," J. Appl. Phys. 88, 3832-3839 (2000).
[Crossref]

Cohen-Adad, M. Th.

L. Laversenne, C. Goutaudier, Y. Guyot, M. Th. Cohen-Adad, and G. Boulon, "Growth of rare earth (RE) doped concentration gradient crystal fibers and analysis of dynamical processes of laser resonant transitions in RE-doped Y2O3(RE=Yb3+,Er3+,Ho3+)," J. Alloys Compd. 341, 214-219 (2002).
[Crossref]

Dai, S. X.

S. X. Dai, J. H. Yang, L. Wen, L. L. Hu, and Z. H. Jiang, "Effect of radiative trapping on measurement of the spectroscopic properties of Yb3+: phosphate glasses," J. Lumin. 104, 55-63 (2003).
[Crossref]

De La Rosa-Cruz, E.

E. De La Rosa-Cruz, G. A. Kumar, L. A. Diaz-Torres, A. Martínez, and O. Barbosa-García, "Spectroscopic characterization of Nd3+ ions in barium fluoroborophosphate glasses," Opt. Mater. 18, 321-329 (2001).
[Crossref]

De Sousa, D. F.

D. F. De Sousa, L. F. Zonetti, M. J. V. Bell, R. Lebullenger, A. C. Hernandes, and L. A. O. Nunes, "Er3+:Yb3+ codoped lead fluoroindogallate glasses for mid infrared and upconversion applications," J. Appl. Phys. 85, 2502-2507 (1999).
[Crossref]

Diaz-Torres, L. A.

E. De La Rosa-Cruz, G. A. Kumar, L. A. Diaz-Torres, A. Martínez, and O. Barbosa-García, "Spectroscopic characterization of Nd3+ ions in barium fluoroborophosphate glasses," Opt. Mater. 18, 321-329 (2001).
[Crossref]

Doualan, J. L.

P. L. Boulanger, J. L. Doualan, S. Girard, J. Margerie, and R. Moncorgé, "Excited-state absorption spectroscopy of Er3+-doped Y3Al5O12, YVO4, and phosphate glass," Phys. Rev. B 60, 11380-11390 (1999).
[Crossref]

Ehrmann, P. R.

P. R. Ehrmann and J. H. Campbell, "Nonradiative energy losses and radiation trapping in neodymium-doped phosphate laser glasses," J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 85, 1061-1069 (2002).
[Crossref]

Fan, T. Y.

Feng, X.

X. Feng, S. Tanabe, and T. Hanada, "Spectroscopic properties of erbium-doped ultraphosphate glasses for 1.5 μm amplification," J. Appl. Phys. 89, 3560-3567 (2001).
[Crossref]

Girard, S.

P. L. Boulanger, J. L. Doualan, S. Girard, J. Margerie, and R. Moncorgé, "Excited-state absorption spectroscopy of Er3+-doped Y3Al5O12, YVO4, and phosphate glass," Phys. Rev. B 60, 11380-11390 (1999).
[Crossref]

Gong, X.

Goutaudier, C.

L. Laversenne, C. Goutaudier, Y. Guyot, M. Th. Cohen-Adad, and G. Boulon, "Growth of rare earth (RE) doped concentration gradient crystal fibers and analysis of dynamical processes of laser resonant transitions in RE-doped Y2O3(RE=Yb3+,Er3+,Ho3+)," J. Alloys Compd. 341, 214-219 (2002).
[Crossref]

Guyot, Y.

L. Laversenne, C. Goutaudier, Y. Guyot, M. Th. Cohen-Adad, and G. Boulon, "Growth of rare earth (RE) doped concentration gradient crystal fibers and analysis of dynamical processes of laser resonant transitions in RE-doped Y2O3(RE=Yb3+,Er3+,Ho3+)," J. Alloys Compd. 341, 214-219 (2002).
[Crossref]

Hanada, T.

X. Feng, S. Tanabe, and T. Hanada, "Spectroscopic properties of erbium-doped ultraphosphate glasses for 1.5 μm amplification," J. Appl. Phys. 89, 3560-3567 (2001).
[Crossref]

Hattori, K.

K. Hattori, T. Kitagawa, M. Oguma, M. Wada, J. Temmyo, and M. Horiguchi, "Erbium-doped silica-based planar waveguide amplifier pumped by 0.98 μm laser diodes," Electron. Lett. 29, 357-359 (1993).
[Crossref]

Hempstead, M.

P. Camy, J. E. Roman, F. W. Willems, M. Hempstead, J. C. Van Der Plaats, C. Prel, A. Beguin, A. M. J. Koonen, J. S. Wilkinson, and C. Lerminiaux, "Ion-exchanged planar lossless splitter at 1.5 μm," Electron. Lett. 32, 321-323 (1996).
[Crossref]

E. K. Mwarani, D. M. Murphy, M. Hempstead, L. Reekie, and J. S. Wilkinson, "Integrated Q-switched multiple-cavity glass waveguide laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 235-237 (1992).
[Crossref]

Heo, J.

Y. G. Choi, K. H. Kim, S. H. Park, and J. Heo, "Comparative study of energy transfers from Er3+ to Ce3+ in tellurite and sulfide glasses under 980 nm excitation," J. Appl. Phys. 88, 3832-3839 (2000).
[Crossref]

Hernandes, A. C.

D. F. De Sousa, L. F. Zonetti, M. J. V. Bell, R. Lebullenger, A. C. Hernandes, and L. A. O. Nunes, "Er3+:Yb3+ codoped lead fluoroindogallate glasses for mid infrared and upconversion applications," J. Appl. Phys. 85, 2502-2507 (1999).
[Crossref]

Horiguchi, M.

K. Hattori, T. Kitagawa, M. Oguma, M. Wada, J. Temmyo, and M. Horiguchi, "Erbium-doped silica-based planar waveguide amplifier pumped by 0.98 μm laser diodes," Electron. Lett. 29, 357-359 (1993).
[Crossref]

Hu, L. L.

S. X. Dai, J. H. Yang, L. Wen, L. L. Hu, and Z. H. Jiang, "Effect of radiative trapping on measurement of the spectroscopic properties of Yb3+: phosphate glasses," J. Lumin. 104, 55-63 (2003).
[Crossref]

Huang, L.

L. Huang, X. Liu, H. Lin, and J. Lin, "Room-temperature intense emission at 1534 nm in Er-doped Cd3Al2Si3O12 glass," Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 2849-2851 (2000).
[Crossref]

Huang, Y.

Jiang, Z. H.

S. X. Dai, J. H. Yang, L. Wen, L. L. Hu, and Z. H. Jiang, "Effect of radiative trapping on measurement of the spectroscopic properties of Yb3+: phosphate glasses," J. Lumin. 104, 55-63 (2003).
[Crossref]

Kim, K. H.

Y. G. Choi, K. H. Kim, S. H. Park, and J. Heo, "Comparative study of energy transfers from Er3+ to Ce3+ in tellurite and sulfide glasses under 980 nm excitation," J. Appl. Phys. 88, 3832-3839 (2000).
[Crossref]

Kitagawa, T.

K. Hattori, T. Kitagawa, M. Oguma, M. Wada, J. Temmyo, and M. Horiguchi, "Erbium-doped silica-based planar waveguide amplifier pumped by 0.98 μm laser diodes," Electron. Lett. 29, 357-359 (1993).
[Crossref]

Koonen, A. M. J.

P. Camy, J. E. Roman, F. W. Willems, M. Hempstead, J. C. Van Der Plaats, C. Prel, A. Beguin, A. M. J. Koonen, J. S. Wilkinson, and C. Lerminiaux, "Ion-exchanged planar lossless splitter at 1.5 μm," Electron. Lett. 32, 321-323 (1996).
[Crossref]

Krupe, W. F.

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupe, "Infrared cross-section measurements for crystals doped with Er3+, Tm3+, and Ho3+," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2619-2630 (1992).
[Crossref]

Kumar, G. A.

E. De La Rosa-Cruz, G. A. Kumar, L. A. Diaz-Torres, A. Martínez, and O. Barbosa-García, "Spectroscopic characterization of Nd3+ ions in barium fluoroborophosphate glasses," Opt. Mater. 18, 321-329 (2001).
[Crossref]

Kway, W. L.

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupe, "Infrared cross-section measurements for crystals doped with Er3+, Tm3+, and Ho3+," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2619-2630 (1992).
[Crossref]

Laversenne, L.

F. Auzel, G. Baldacchini, L. Laversenne, and G. Boulon, "Radiation trapping and self-quenching analysis in Yb3+, Er3+, and Ho3+ doped Y2O3," Opt. Mater. 24, 103-109 (2003).
[Crossref]

L. Laversenne, C. Goutaudier, Y. Guyot, M. Th. Cohen-Adad, and G. Boulon, "Growth of rare earth (RE) doped concentration gradient crystal fibers and analysis of dynamical processes of laser resonant transitions in RE-doped Y2O3(RE=Yb3+,Er3+,Ho3+)," J. Alloys Compd. 341, 214-219 (2002).
[Crossref]

Lebullenger, R.

D. F. De Sousa, L. F. Zonetti, M. J. V. Bell, R. Lebullenger, A. C. Hernandes, and L. A. O. Nunes, "Er3+:Yb3+ codoped lead fluoroindogallate glasses for mid infrared and upconversion applications," J. Appl. Phys. 85, 2502-2507 (1999).
[Crossref]

Lerminiaux, C.

P. Camy, J. E. Roman, F. W. Willems, M. Hempstead, J. C. Van Der Plaats, C. Prel, A. Beguin, A. M. J. Koonen, J. S. Wilkinson, and C. Lerminiaux, "Ion-exchanged planar lossless splitter at 1.5 μm," Electron. Lett. 32, 321-323 (1996).
[Crossref]

Liao, J.

Lin, H.

L. Huang, X. Liu, H. Lin, and J. Lin, "Room-temperature intense emission at 1534 nm in Er-doped Cd3Al2Si3O12 glass," Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 2849-2851 (2000).
[Crossref]

Lin, J.

L. Huang, X. Liu, H. Lin, and J. Lin, "Room-temperature intense emission at 1534 nm in Er-doped Cd3Al2Si3O12 glass," Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 2849-2851 (2000).
[Crossref]

Lin, Y.

Liu, X.

L. Huang, X. Liu, H. Lin, and J. Lin, "Room-temperature intense emission at 1534 nm in Er-doped Cd3Al2Si3O12 glass," Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 2849-2851 (2000).
[Crossref]

Luo, Z.

Ma, E.

Margerie, J.

P. L. Boulanger, J. L. Doualan, S. Girard, J. Margerie, and R. Moncorgé, "Excited-state absorption spectroscopy of Er3+-doped Y3Al5O12, YVO4, and phosphate glass," Phys. Rev. B 60, 11380-11390 (1999).
[Crossref]

Martínez, A.

E. De La Rosa-Cruz, G. A. Kumar, L. A. Diaz-Torres, A. Martínez, and O. Barbosa-García, "Spectroscopic characterization of Nd3+ ions in barium fluoroborophosphate glasses," Opt. Mater. 18, 321-329 (2001).
[Crossref]

Miniscalo, W. J.

Moncorgé, R.

P. L. Boulanger, J. L. Doualan, S. Girard, J. Margerie, and R. Moncorgé, "Excited-state absorption spectroscopy of Er3+-doped Y3Al5O12, YVO4, and phosphate glass," Phys. Rev. B 60, 11380-11390 (1999).
[Crossref]

Mourou, G.

S. Biswal, J. Nees, A. Nishimura, H. Takuma, and G. Mourou, "Ytterbium-doped glass regenerative chirped-pulse amplifier," Opt. Commun. 160, 92-97 (1992).
[Crossref]

Murphy, D. M.

E. K. Mwarani, D. M. Murphy, M. Hempstead, L. Reekie, and J. S. Wilkinson, "Integrated Q-switched multiple-cavity glass waveguide laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 235-237 (1992).
[Crossref]

Mwarani, E. K.

E. K. Mwarani, D. M. Murphy, M. Hempstead, L. Reekie, and J. S. Wilkinson, "Integrated Q-switched multiple-cavity glass waveguide laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 235-237 (1992).
[Crossref]

Nees, J.

S. Biswal, J. Nees, A. Nishimura, H. Takuma, and G. Mourou, "Ytterbium-doped glass regenerative chirped-pulse amplifier," Opt. Commun. 160, 92-97 (1992).
[Crossref]

Nishimura, A.

S. Biswal, J. Nees, A. Nishimura, H. Takuma, and G. Mourou, "Ytterbium-doped glass regenerative chirped-pulse amplifier," Opt. Commun. 160, 92-97 (1992).
[Crossref]

Nunes, L. A. O.

D. F. De Sousa, L. F. Zonetti, M. J. V. Bell, R. Lebullenger, A. C. Hernandes, and L. A. O. Nunes, "Er3+:Yb3+ codoped lead fluoroindogallate glasses for mid infrared and upconversion applications," J. Appl. Phys. 85, 2502-2507 (1999).
[Crossref]

Oguma, M.

K. Hattori, T. Kitagawa, M. Oguma, M. Wada, J. Temmyo, and M. Horiguchi, "Erbium-doped silica-based planar waveguide amplifier pumped by 0.98 μm laser diodes," Electron. Lett. 29, 357-359 (1993).
[Crossref]

Park, S. H.

Y. G. Choi, K. H. Kim, S. H. Park, and J. Heo, "Comparative study of energy transfers from Er3+ to Ce3+ in tellurite and sulfide glasses under 980 nm excitation," J. Appl. Phys. 88, 3832-3839 (2000).
[Crossref]

Payne, S. A.

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupe, "Infrared cross-section measurements for crystals doped with Er3+, Tm3+, and Ho3+," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2619-2630 (1992).
[Crossref]

Prel, C.

P. Camy, J. E. Roman, F. W. Willems, M. Hempstead, J. C. Van Der Plaats, C. Prel, A. Beguin, A. M. J. Koonen, J. S. Wilkinson, and C. Lerminiaux, "Ion-exchanged planar lossless splitter at 1.5 μm," Electron. Lett. 32, 321-323 (1996).
[Crossref]

Quimby, R. S.

Reekie, L.

E. K. Mwarani, D. M. Murphy, M. Hempstead, L. Reekie, and J. S. Wilkinson, "Integrated Q-switched multiple-cavity glass waveguide laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 235-237 (1992).
[Crossref]

Roman, J. E.

P. Camy, J. E. Roman, F. W. Willems, M. Hempstead, J. C. Van Der Plaats, C. Prel, A. Beguin, A. M. J. Koonen, J. S. Wilkinson, and C. Lerminiaux, "Ion-exchanged planar lossless splitter at 1.5 μm," Electron. Lett. 32, 321-323 (1996).
[Crossref]

Smith, L. K.

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupe, "Infrared cross-section measurements for crystals doped with Er3+, Tm3+, and Ho3+," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2619-2630 (1992).
[Crossref]

Sumida, D. S.

Takuma, H.

S. Biswal, J. Nees, A. Nishimura, H. Takuma, and G. Mourou, "Ytterbium-doped glass regenerative chirped-pulse amplifier," Opt. Commun. 160, 92-97 (1992).
[Crossref]

Tan, Q.

Tanabe, S.

X. Feng, S. Tanabe, and T. Hanada, "Spectroscopic properties of erbium-doped ultraphosphate glasses for 1.5 μm amplification," J. Appl. Phys. 89, 3560-3567 (2001).
[Crossref]

Temmyo, J.

K. Hattori, T. Kitagawa, M. Oguma, M. Wada, J. Temmyo, and M. Horiguchi, "Erbium-doped silica-based planar waveguide amplifier pumped by 0.98 μm laser diodes," Electron. Lett. 29, 357-359 (1993).
[Crossref]

Van Der Plaats, J. C.

P. Camy, J. E. Roman, F. W. Willems, M. Hempstead, J. C. Van Der Plaats, C. Prel, A. Beguin, A. M. J. Koonen, J. S. Wilkinson, and C. Lerminiaux, "Ion-exchanged planar lossless splitter at 1.5 μm," Electron. Lett. 32, 321-323 (1996).
[Crossref]

Wada, M.

K. Hattori, T. Kitagawa, M. Oguma, M. Wada, J. Temmyo, and M. Horiguchi, "Erbium-doped silica-based planar waveguide amplifier pumped by 0.98 μm laser diodes," Electron. Lett. 29, 357-359 (1993).
[Crossref]

Weber, M. J.

M. J. Weber, "Multiphonon relaxation of rare-earth ions in yttrium orthoaluminate," Phys. Rev. B 8, 54-64 (1973).
[Crossref]

M. J. Weber, "Probabilities for radiative and nonradiative decay of Er3+ in LaF3," Phys. Rev. 157, 262-272 (1967).
[Crossref]

Wen, L.

S. X. Dai, J. H. Yang, L. Wen, L. L. Hu, and Z. H. Jiang, "Effect of radiative trapping on measurement of the spectroscopic properties of Yb3+: phosphate glasses," J. Lumin. 104, 55-63 (2003).
[Crossref]

Wilkinson, J. S.

P. Camy, J. E. Roman, F. W. Willems, M. Hempstead, J. C. Van Der Plaats, C. Prel, A. Beguin, A. M. J. Koonen, J. S. Wilkinson, and C. Lerminiaux, "Ion-exchanged planar lossless splitter at 1.5 μm," Electron. Lett. 32, 321-323 (1996).
[Crossref]

E. K. Mwarani, D. M. Murphy, M. Hempstead, L. Reekie, and J. S. Wilkinson, "Integrated Q-switched multiple-cavity glass waveguide laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 235-237 (1992).
[Crossref]

Willems, F. W.

P. Camy, J. E. Roman, F. W. Willems, M. Hempstead, J. C. Van Der Plaats, C. Prel, A. Beguin, A. M. J. Koonen, J. S. Wilkinson, and C. Lerminiaux, "Ion-exchanged planar lossless splitter at 1.5 μm," Electron. Lett. 32, 321-323 (1996).
[Crossref]

Yang, J. H.

S. X. Dai, J. H. Yang, L. Wen, L. L. Hu, and Z. H. Jiang, "Effect of radiative trapping on measurement of the spectroscopic properties of Yb3+: phosphate glasses," J. Lumin. 104, 55-63 (2003).
[Crossref]

Zonetti, L. F.

D. F. De Sousa, L. F. Zonetti, M. J. V. Bell, R. Lebullenger, A. C. Hernandes, and L. A. O. Nunes, "Er3+:Yb3+ codoped lead fluoroindogallate glasses for mid infrared and upconversion applications," J. Appl. Phys. 85, 2502-2507 (1999).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

L. Huang, X. Liu, H. Lin, and J. Lin, "Room-temperature intense emission at 1534 nm in Er-doped Cd3Al2Si3O12 glass," Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 2849-2851 (2000).
[Crossref]

Electron. Lett. (2)

P. Camy, J. E. Roman, F. W. Willems, M. Hempstead, J. C. Van Der Plaats, C. Prel, A. Beguin, A. M. J. Koonen, J. S. Wilkinson, and C. Lerminiaux, "Ion-exchanged planar lossless splitter at 1.5 μm," Electron. Lett. 32, 321-323 (1996).
[Crossref]

K. Hattori, T. Kitagawa, M. Oguma, M. Wada, J. Temmyo, and M. Horiguchi, "Erbium-doped silica-based planar waveguide amplifier pumped by 0.98 μm laser diodes," Electron. Lett. 29, 357-359 (1993).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupe, "Infrared cross-section measurements for crystals doped with Er3+, Tm3+, and Ho3+," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2619-2630 (1992).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

E. K. Mwarani, D. M. Murphy, M. Hempstead, L. Reekie, and J. S. Wilkinson, "Integrated Q-switched multiple-cavity glass waveguide laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 235-237 (1992).
[Crossref]

J. Alloys Compd. (1)

L. Laversenne, C. Goutaudier, Y. Guyot, M. Th. Cohen-Adad, and G. Boulon, "Growth of rare earth (RE) doped concentration gradient crystal fibers and analysis of dynamical processes of laser resonant transitions in RE-doped Y2O3(RE=Yb3+,Er3+,Ho3+)," J. Alloys Compd. 341, 214-219 (2002).
[Crossref]

J. Am. Ceram. Soc. (1)

P. R. Ehrmann and J. H. Campbell, "Nonradiative energy losses and radiation trapping in neodymium-doped phosphate laser glasses," J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 85, 1061-1069 (2002).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (3)

D. F. De Sousa, L. F. Zonetti, M. J. V. Bell, R. Lebullenger, A. C. Hernandes, and L. A. O. Nunes, "Er3+:Yb3+ codoped lead fluoroindogallate glasses for mid infrared and upconversion applications," J. Appl. Phys. 85, 2502-2507 (1999).
[Crossref]

Y. G. Choi, K. H. Kim, S. H. Park, and J. Heo, "Comparative study of energy transfers from Er3+ to Ce3+ in tellurite and sulfide glasses under 980 nm excitation," J. Appl. Phys. 88, 3832-3839 (2000).
[Crossref]

X. Feng, S. Tanabe, and T. Hanada, "Spectroscopic properties of erbium-doped ultraphosphate glasses for 1.5 μm amplification," J. Appl. Phys. 89, 3560-3567 (2001).
[Crossref]

J. Lumin. (1)

S. X. Dai, J. H. Yang, L. Wen, L. L. Hu, and Z. H. Jiang, "Effect of radiative trapping on measurement of the spectroscopic properties of Yb3+: phosphate glasses," J. Lumin. 104, 55-63 (2003).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Commun. (1)

S. Biswal, J. Nees, A. Nishimura, H. Takuma, and G. Mourou, "Ytterbium-doped glass regenerative chirped-pulse amplifier," Opt. Commun. 160, 92-97 (1992).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Opt. Mater. (2)

F. Auzel, G. Baldacchini, L. Laversenne, and G. Boulon, "Radiation trapping and self-quenching analysis in Yb3+, Er3+, and Ho3+ doped Y2O3," Opt. Mater. 24, 103-109 (2003).
[Crossref]

E. De La Rosa-Cruz, G. A. Kumar, L. A. Diaz-Torres, A. Martínez, and O. Barbosa-García, "Spectroscopic characterization of Nd3+ ions in barium fluoroborophosphate glasses," Opt. Mater. 18, 321-329 (2001).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. (1)

M. J. Weber, "Probabilities for radiative and nonradiative decay of Er3+ in LaF3," Phys. Rev. 157, 262-272 (1967).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. B (2)

M. J. Weber, "Multiphonon relaxation of rare-earth ions in yttrium orthoaluminate," Phys. Rev. B 8, 54-64 (1973).
[Crossref]

P. L. Boulanger, J. L. Doualan, S. Girard, J. Margerie, and R. Moncorgé, "Excited-state absorption spectroscopy of Er3+-doped Y3Al5O12, YVO4, and phosphate glass," Phys. Rev. B 60, 11380-11390 (1999).
[Crossref]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Er F 3 content dependencies of the measured fluorescence lifetime at different optical lengths.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Infrared transmittance spectra of the fluorophosphate glasses in the range of 2800 8000 nm .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Absorption spectra of the fluorophosphate glasses in the range of 300 1700 nm .

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Wavelength dependencies of absorption and stimulated-emission cross sections of the fluorophosphate glasses calculated according to the McCumber theory.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Stimulated-emission cross sections of the fluorophosphate glasses calculated according to the Fuchtbauer–Ladenburg equation.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Fluorescence spectra of the fluorophosphate glasses with different Er F 3 content at various optical lengths.

Tables (3)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Judd–Ofelt Parameter Ω t , Radiative Lifetime τ rad , Absorption and Stimulated-Emission Cross Sections According to the McCumber Theory, σ abs and σ emi of the Fluorophosphate Glasses

Tables Icon

Table 2 Spectroscopic Properties of Fluorophosphate Glasses with Different Content of Er F 3 in the Condition of Different Thickness

Tables Icon

Table 3 Measured Fluorescence Lifetime τ 0 and FWHM 0 Free from Radiation Trapping, and I e 1556 I e 1532 of Stimulated-Emission Cross-Section Spectrum

Equations (6)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

1 τ mea = 1 τ rad + W MP + W OH + W CQ .
σ emi ( λ ) = σ abs ( λ ) exp ( ε h v ) k T ,
σ abs ( λ ) = 2.303 N l OD ( λ ) .
σ e FL = λ 4 A rad 8 π c n 2 q ( λ ) ,
ζ i = R i M i R i × 100 % ,
ζ = I f 1556 I f 1532 I e 1556 I e 1532 I f 1556 I f 1532 × 100 % .

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