Abstract

A detailed analysis of the x-ray spectrum (510.2Å) emitted by laser-produced plasma of dysprosium (Dy) is given using ab initio calculations with the HULLAC relativistic code and isoelectronic trends. Resonance 3d4p, 3dnf (n=4 to 7), 3p4s, and 3p4d transitions of NiI-like Dy XXXIX and neighboring ion satellite transitions (from Dy XXXIV to Dy XL) are identified.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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  1. B. W. Smith, ed., Optical Microlithography XVII, Proc. SPIE 5537 (SPIE, 2004).
  2. R. Smith, G. J. Tallents, J. Zhang, G. Eker, S. McCabe, G. J. Pert, and E. Wolfrum, 'Saturation behavior of two x-ray lasing transitions in Ni-like Dy,' Phys. Rev. A 59, R47-R50 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  3. A. Zigler, P. Mandelbaum, J. L. Schwob, and D. Mitnik, 'Analysis of the x-ray spectra emitted by laser-produced plasma of highly ionized lanthanum and praseodymium in the 8.4 to 12.0Å wavelength range,' Phys. Scr. 50, 61-97 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  4. R. Doron, M. Fraenkel, P. Mandelbaum, A. Zigler, and J. L. Schwob, 'X-ray spectrum emitted by laser-produced barium plasma in the 8 to 13.5Å wavelength range,' Phys. Scr. 58, 19-24 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  5. P. G. Burkhalter, D. G. Nagel, and R. R. Whitlock, 'Laser-produced rare-earth x-ray spectra,' Phys. Rev. A 9, 2331-2336 (1974).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. Klapisch, P. Mandelbaum, A. Zigler, C. Bauche-Arnoult, and J. Bauche, 'The unresolved 3d-4f transitions in the x-ray spectra of highly ionized Tm and Re from laser produced plasma,' Phys. Scr. 34, 51-57 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  7. P. D. Rockett, C. R. Bird, C. J. Hailey, D. Sullivan,D. B. Brown, and P. G. Burkhalter, 'X-ray-calibration of Kodak direct exposure film,' Appl. Opt. 24, 2536-2542 (1985).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. A. Bar-Shalom, M. Klapisch, and J. Oreg, 'HULLAC, an integrated computer package for atomic processes in plasma,' J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 71, 169-188 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  9. C. Bauche-Arnoult, J. Bauche, and M. Klapisch, 'Variance of the distributions of energy levels and the transition arrays in atomic spectra,' Phys. Rev. A 20, 2424-2439 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  10. C. Bauche-Arnoult, J. Bauche, and M. Klapisch, 'Variance of the distributions of energy levels and of the transition arrays in atomic spectra. III. Case of spin-orbit-split arrays,' Phys. Rev. A 31, 2248-2259 (1985).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. N. Tragin, J. P. Geindre, P. Monier, J. C. Gauthier, C. Chenais-Popovics, J.-F. Wyart, and C. Bauche-Arnoult, 'Extended analysis of the x-ray spectra of laser-irradiated elements in the sequence from tantalum to lead,' Phys. Scr. 37, 72-82 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  12. P. Mandelbaum, J. F. Seely, A. Bar-Shalom, and M. Klapisch, 'Effect of configuration mixing on 3d-4f transitions in highly ionized Ga-, Zn-, and Cu-like ions,' Phys. Rev. A 44, 5744-5751 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. C. Bauche-Arnoult, J. Bauche, E. Luc-Koenig, J.-F. Wyart, R. M. More, C. Chenais Popovics, J. C. Gauthier, J. P. Geindre, and N. Tragin, 'Dielectronic recombination process in laser-produced tantalum plasmas,' Phys. Rev. A 39, 1053-1065 (1989).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

B. W. Smith, ed., Optical Microlithography XVII, Proc. SPIE 5537 (SPIE, 2004).

2001 (1)

A. Bar-Shalom, M. Klapisch, and J. Oreg, 'HULLAC, an integrated computer package for atomic processes in plasma,' J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 71, 169-188 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

R. Smith, G. J. Tallents, J. Zhang, G. Eker, S. McCabe, G. J. Pert, and E. Wolfrum, 'Saturation behavior of two x-ray lasing transitions in Ni-like Dy,' Phys. Rev. A 59, R47-R50 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

R. Doron, M. Fraenkel, P. Mandelbaum, A. Zigler, and J. L. Schwob, 'X-ray spectrum emitted by laser-produced barium plasma in the 8 to 13.5Å wavelength range,' Phys. Scr. 58, 19-24 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

A. Zigler, P. Mandelbaum, J. L. Schwob, and D. Mitnik, 'Analysis of the x-ray spectra emitted by laser-produced plasma of highly ionized lanthanum and praseodymium in the 8.4 to 12.0Å wavelength range,' Phys. Scr. 50, 61-97 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

P. Mandelbaum, J. F. Seely, A. Bar-Shalom, and M. Klapisch, 'Effect of configuration mixing on 3d-4f transitions in highly ionized Ga-, Zn-, and Cu-like ions,' Phys. Rev. A 44, 5744-5751 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1989 (1)

C. Bauche-Arnoult, J. Bauche, E. Luc-Koenig, J.-F. Wyart, R. M. More, C. Chenais Popovics, J. C. Gauthier, J. P. Geindre, and N. Tragin, 'Dielectronic recombination process in laser-produced tantalum plasmas,' Phys. Rev. A 39, 1053-1065 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1988 (1)

N. Tragin, J. P. Geindre, P. Monier, J. C. Gauthier, C. Chenais-Popovics, J.-F. Wyart, and C. Bauche-Arnoult, 'Extended analysis of the x-ray spectra of laser-irradiated elements in the sequence from tantalum to lead,' Phys. Scr. 37, 72-82 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

M. Klapisch, P. Mandelbaum, A. Zigler, C. Bauche-Arnoult, and J. Bauche, 'The unresolved 3d-4f transitions in the x-ray spectra of highly ionized Tm and Re from laser produced plasma,' Phys. Scr. 34, 51-57 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1985 (2)

C. Bauche-Arnoult, J. Bauche, and M. Klapisch, 'Variance of the distributions of energy levels and of the transition arrays in atomic spectra. III. Case of spin-orbit-split arrays,' Phys. Rev. A 31, 2248-2259 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. D. Rockett, C. R. Bird, C. J. Hailey, D. Sullivan,D. B. Brown, and P. G. Burkhalter, 'X-ray-calibration of Kodak direct exposure film,' Appl. Opt. 24, 2536-2542 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1979 (1)

C. Bauche-Arnoult, J. Bauche, and M. Klapisch, 'Variance of the distributions of energy levels and the transition arrays in atomic spectra,' Phys. Rev. A 20, 2424-2439 (1979).
[CrossRef]

1974 (1)

P. G. Burkhalter, D. G. Nagel, and R. R. Whitlock, 'Laser-produced rare-earth x-ray spectra,' Phys. Rev. A 9, 2331-2336 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Bar-Shalom, A.

A. Bar-Shalom, M. Klapisch, and J. Oreg, 'HULLAC, an integrated computer package for atomic processes in plasma,' J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 71, 169-188 (2001).
[CrossRef]

P. Mandelbaum, J. F. Seely, A. Bar-Shalom, and M. Klapisch, 'Effect of configuration mixing on 3d-4f transitions in highly ionized Ga-, Zn-, and Cu-like ions,' Phys. Rev. A 44, 5744-5751 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bauche, J.

C. Bauche-Arnoult, J. Bauche, E. Luc-Koenig, J.-F. Wyart, R. M. More, C. Chenais Popovics, J. C. Gauthier, J. P. Geindre, and N. Tragin, 'Dielectronic recombination process in laser-produced tantalum plasmas,' Phys. Rev. A 39, 1053-1065 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Klapisch, P. Mandelbaum, A. Zigler, C. Bauche-Arnoult, and J. Bauche, 'The unresolved 3d-4f transitions in the x-ray spectra of highly ionized Tm and Re from laser produced plasma,' Phys. Scr. 34, 51-57 (1986).
[CrossRef]

C. Bauche-Arnoult, J. Bauche, and M. Klapisch, 'Variance of the distributions of energy levels and of the transition arrays in atomic spectra. III. Case of spin-orbit-split arrays,' Phys. Rev. A 31, 2248-2259 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Bauche-Arnoult, J. Bauche, and M. Klapisch, 'Variance of the distributions of energy levels and the transition arrays in atomic spectra,' Phys. Rev. A 20, 2424-2439 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Bauche-Arnoult, C.

C. Bauche-Arnoult, J. Bauche, E. Luc-Koenig, J.-F. Wyart, R. M. More, C. Chenais Popovics, J. C. Gauthier, J. P. Geindre, and N. Tragin, 'Dielectronic recombination process in laser-produced tantalum plasmas,' Phys. Rev. A 39, 1053-1065 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Tragin, J. P. Geindre, P. Monier, J. C. Gauthier, C. Chenais-Popovics, J.-F. Wyart, and C. Bauche-Arnoult, 'Extended analysis of the x-ray spectra of laser-irradiated elements in the sequence from tantalum to lead,' Phys. Scr. 37, 72-82 (1988).
[CrossRef]

M. Klapisch, P. Mandelbaum, A. Zigler, C. Bauche-Arnoult, and J. Bauche, 'The unresolved 3d-4f transitions in the x-ray spectra of highly ionized Tm and Re from laser produced plasma,' Phys. Scr. 34, 51-57 (1986).
[CrossRef]

C. Bauche-Arnoult, J. Bauche, and M. Klapisch, 'Variance of the distributions of energy levels and of the transition arrays in atomic spectra. III. Case of spin-orbit-split arrays,' Phys. Rev. A 31, 2248-2259 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Bauche-Arnoult, J. Bauche, and M. Klapisch, 'Variance of the distributions of energy levels and the transition arrays in atomic spectra,' Phys. Rev. A 20, 2424-2439 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Bird, C. R.

Brown, D. B.

Burkhalter, P. G.

Chenais Popovics, C.

C. Bauche-Arnoult, J. Bauche, E. Luc-Koenig, J.-F. Wyart, R. M. More, C. Chenais Popovics, J. C. Gauthier, J. P. Geindre, and N. Tragin, 'Dielectronic recombination process in laser-produced tantalum plasmas,' Phys. Rev. A 39, 1053-1065 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chenais-Popovics, C.

N. Tragin, J. P. Geindre, P. Monier, J. C. Gauthier, C. Chenais-Popovics, J.-F. Wyart, and C. Bauche-Arnoult, 'Extended analysis of the x-ray spectra of laser-irradiated elements in the sequence from tantalum to lead,' Phys. Scr. 37, 72-82 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Doron, R.

R. Doron, M. Fraenkel, P. Mandelbaum, A. Zigler, and J. L. Schwob, 'X-ray spectrum emitted by laser-produced barium plasma in the 8 to 13.5Å wavelength range,' Phys. Scr. 58, 19-24 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Eker, G.

R. Smith, G. J. Tallents, J. Zhang, G. Eker, S. McCabe, G. J. Pert, and E. Wolfrum, 'Saturation behavior of two x-ray lasing transitions in Ni-like Dy,' Phys. Rev. A 59, R47-R50 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Fraenkel, M.

R. Doron, M. Fraenkel, P. Mandelbaum, A. Zigler, and J. L. Schwob, 'X-ray spectrum emitted by laser-produced barium plasma in the 8 to 13.5Å wavelength range,' Phys. Scr. 58, 19-24 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Gauthier, J. C.

C. Bauche-Arnoult, J. Bauche, E. Luc-Koenig, J.-F. Wyart, R. M. More, C. Chenais Popovics, J. C. Gauthier, J. P. Geindre, and N. Tragin, 'Dielectronic recombination process in laser-produced tantalum plasmas,' Phys. Rev. A 39, 1053-1065 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Tragin, J. P. Geindre, P. Monier, J. C. Gauthier, C. Chenais-Popovics, J.-F. Wyart, and C. Bauche-Arnoult, 'Extended analysis of the x-ray spectra of laser-irradiated elements in the sequence from tantalum to lead,' Phys. Scr. 37, 72-82 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Geindre, J. P.

C. Bauche-Arnoult, J. Bauche, E. Luc-Koenig, J.-F. Wyart, R. M. More, C. Chenais Popovics, J. C. Gauthier, J. P. Geindre, and N. Tragin, 'Dielectronic recombination process in laser-produced tantalum plasmas,' Phys. Rev. A 39, 1053-1065 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Tragin, J. P. Geindre, P. Monier, J. C. Gauthier, C. Chenais-Popovics, J.-F. Wyart, and C. Bauche-Arnoult, 'Extended analysis of the x-ray spectra of laser-irradiated elements in the sequence from tantalum to lead,' Phys. Scr. 37, 72-82 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Hailey, C. J.

Klapisch, M.

A. Bar-Shalom, M. Klapisch, and J. Oreg, 'HULLAC, an integrated computer package for atomic processes in plasma,' J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 71, 169-188 (2001).
[CrossRef]

P. Mandelbaum, J. F. Seely, A. Bar-Shalom, and M. Klapisch, 'Effect of configuration mixing on 3d-4f transitions in highly ionized Ga-, Zn-, and Cu-like ions,' Phys. Rev. A 44, 5744-5751 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Klapisch, P. Mandelbaum, A. Zigler, C. Bauche-Arnoult, and J. Bauche, 'The unresolved 3d-4f transitions in the x-ray spectra of highly ionized Tm and Re from laser produced plasma,' Phys. Scr. 34, 51-57 (1986).
[CrossRef]

C. Bauche-Arnoult, J. Bauche, and M. Klapisch, 'Variance of the distributions of energy levels and of the transition arrays in atomic spectra. III. Case of spin-orbit-split arrays,' Phys. Rev. A 31, 2248-2259 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Bauche-Arnoult, J. Bauche, and M. Klapisch, 'Variance of the distributions of energy levels and the transition arrays in atomic spectra,' Phys. Rev. A 20, 2424-2439 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Luc-Koenig, E.

C. Bauche-Arnoult, J. Bauche, E. Luc-Koenig, J.-F. Wyart, R. M. More, C. Chenais Popovics, J. C. Gauthier, J. P. Geindre, and N. Tragin, 'Dielectronic recombination process in laser-produced tantalum plasmas,' Phys. Rev. A 39, 1053-1065 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mandelbaum, P.

R. Doron, M. Fraenkel, P. Mandelbaum, A. Zigler, and J. L. Schwob, 'X-ray spectrum emitted by laser-produced barium plasma in the 8 to 13.5Å wavelength range,' Phys. Scr. 58, 19-24 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. Zigler, P. Mandelbaum, J. L. Schwob, and D. Mitnik, 'Analysis of the x-ray spectra emitted by laser-produced plasma of highly ionized lanthanum and praseodymium in the 8.4 to 12.0Å wavelength range,' Phys. Scr. 50, 61-97 (1994).
[CrossRef]

P. Mandelbaum, J. F. Seely, A. Bar-Shalom, and M. Klapisch, 'Effect of configuration mixing on 3d-4f transitions in highly ionized Ga-, Zn-, and Cu-like ions,' Phys. Rev. A 44, 5744-5751 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Klapisch, P. Mandelbaum, A. Zigler, C. Bauche-Arnoult, and J. Bauche, 'The unresolved 3d-4f transitions in the x-ray spectra of highly ionized Tm and Re from laser produced plasma,' Phys. Scr. 34, 51-57 (1986).
[CrossRef]

McCabe, S.

R. Smith, G. J. Tallents, J. Zhang, G. Eker, S. McCabe, G. J. Pert, and E. Wolfrum, 'Saturation behavior of two x-ray lasing transitions in Ni-like Dy,' Phys. Rev. A 59, R47-R50 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Mitnik, D.

A. Zigler, P. Mandelbaum, J. L. Schwob, and D. Mitnik, 'Analysis of the x-ray spectra emitted by laser-produced plasma of highly ionized lanthanum and praseodymium in the 8.4 to 12.0Å wavelength range,' Phys. Scr. 50, 61-97 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Monier, P.

N. Tragin, J. P. Geindre, P. Monier, J. C. Gauthier, C. Chenais-Popovics, J.-F. Wyart, and C. Bauche-Arnoult, 'Extended analysis of the x-ray spectra of laser-irradiated elements in the sequence from tantalum to lead,' Phys. Scr. 37, 72-82 (1988).
[CrossRef]

More, R. M.

C. Bauche-Arnoult, J. Bauche, E. Luc-Koenig, J.-F. Wyart, R. M. More, C. Chenais Popovics, J. C. Gauthier, J. P. Geindre, and N. Tragin, 'Dielectronic recombination process in laser-produced tantalum plasmas,' Phys. Rev. A 39, 1053-1065 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nagel, D. G.

P. G. Burkhalter, D. G. Nagel, and R. R. Whitlock, 'Laser-produced rare-earth x-ray spectra,' Phys. Rev. A 9, 2331-2336 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Oreg, J.

A. Bar-Shalom, M. Klapisch, and J. Oreg, 'HULLAC, an integrated computer package for atomic processes in plasma,' J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 71, 169-188 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Pert, G. J.

R. Smith, G. J. Tallents, J. Zhang, G. Eker, S. McCabe, G. J. Pert, and E. Wolfrum, 'Saturation behavior of two x-ray lasing transitions in Ni-like Dy,' Phys. Rev. A 59, R47-R50 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Rockett, P. D.

Schwob, J. L.

R. Doron, M. Fraenkel, P. Mandelbaum, A. Zigler, and J. L. Schwob, 'X-ray spectrum emitted by laser-produced barium plasma in the 8 to 13.5Å wavelength range,' Phys. Scr. 58, 19-24 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. Zigler, P. Mandelbaum, J. L. Schwob, and D. Mitnik, 'Analysis of the x-ray spectra emitted by laser-produced plasma of highly ionized lanthanum and praseodymium in the 8.4 to 12.0Å wavelength range,' Phys. Scr. 50, 61-97 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Seely, J. F.

P. Mandelbaum, J. F. Seely, A. Bar-Shalom, and M. Klapisch, 'Effect of configuration mixing on 3d-4f transitions in highly ionized Ga-, Zn-, and Cu-like ions,' Phys. Rev. A 44, 5744-5751 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Smith, B. W.

B. W. Smith, ed., Optical Microlithography XVII, Proc. SPIE 5537 (SPIE, 2004).

Smith, R.

R. Smith, G. J. Tallents, J. Zhang, G. Eker, S. McCabe, G. J. Pert, and E. Wolfrum, 'Saturation behavior of two x-ray lasing transitions in Ni-like Dy,' Phys. Rev. A 59, R47-R50 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sullivan, D.

Tallents, G. J.

R. Smith, G. J. Tallents, J. Zhang, G. Eker, S. McCabe, G. J. Pert, and E. Wolfrum, 'Saturation behavior of two x-ray lasing transitions in Ni-like Dy,' Phys. Rev. A 59, R47-R50 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Tragin, N.

C. Bauche-Arnoult, J. Bauche, E. Luc-Koenig, J.-F. Wyart, R. M. More, C. Chenais Popovics, J. C. Gauthier, J. P. Geindre, and N. Tragin, 'Dielectronic recombination process in laser-produced tantalum plasmas,' Phys. Rev. A 39, 1053-1065 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Tragin, J. P. Geindre, P. Monier, J. C. Gauthier, C. Chenais-Popovics, J.-F. Wyart, and C. Bauche-Arnoult, 'Extended analysis of the x-ray spectra of laser-irradiated elements in the sequence from tantalum to lead,' Phys. Scr. 37, 72-82 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Whitlock, R. R.

P. G. Burkhalter, D. G. Nagel, and R. R. Whitlock, 'Laser-produced rare-earth x-ray spectra,' Phys. Rev. A 9, 2331-2336 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Wolfrum, E.

R. Smith, G. J. Tallents, J. Zhang, G. Eker, S. McCabe, G. J. Pert, and E. Wolfrum, 'Saturation behavior of two x-ray lasing transitions in Ni-like Dy,' Phys. Rev. A 59, R47-R50 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wyart, J.-F.

C. Bauche-Arnoult, J. Bauche, E. Luc-Koenig, J.-F. Wyart, R. M. More, C. Chenais Popovics, J. C. Gauthier, J. P. Geindre, and N. Tragin, 'Dielectronic recombination process in laser-produced tantalum plasmas,' Phys. Rev. A 39, 1053-1065 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Tragin, J. P. Geindre, P. Monier, J. C. Gauthier, C. Chenais-Popovics, J.-F. Wyart, and C. Bauche-Arnoult, 'Extended analysis of the x-ray spectra of laser-irradiated elements in the sequence from tantalum to lead,' Phys. Scr. 37, 72-82 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, J.

R. Smith, G. J. Tallents, J. Zhang, G. Eker, S. McCabe, G. J. Pert, and E. Wolfrum, 'Saturation behavior of two x-ray lasing transitions in Ni-like Dy,' Phys. Rev. A 59, R47-R50 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Zigler, A.

R. Doron, M. Fraenkel, P. Mandelbaum, A. Zigler, and J. L. Schwob, 'X-ray spectrum emitted by laser-produced barium plasma in the 8 to 13.5Å wavelength range,' Phys. Scr. 58, 19-24 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. Zigler, P. Mandelbaum, J. L. Schwob, and D. Mitnik, 'Analysis of the x-ray spectra emitted by laser-produced plasma of highly ionized lanthanum and praseodymium in the 8.4 to 12.0Å wavelength range,' Phys. Scr. 50, 61-97 (1994).
[CrossRef]

M. Klapisch, P. Mandelbaum, A. Zigler, C. Bauche-Arnoult, and J. Bauche, 'The unresolved 3d-4f transitions in the x-ray spectra of highly ionized Tm and Re from laser produced plasma,' Phys. Scr. 34, 51-57 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. (1)

A. Bar-Shalom, M. Klapisch, and J. Oreg, 'HULLAC, an integrated computer package for atomic processes in plasma,' J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 71, 169-188 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A (6)

C. Bauche-Arnoult, J. Bauche, and M. Klapisch, 'Variance of the distributions of energy levels and the transition arrays in atomic spectra,' Phys. Rev. A 20, 2424-2439 (1979).
[CrossRef]

C. Bauche-Arnoult, J. Bauche, and M. Klapisch, 'Variance of the distributions of energy levels and of the transition arrays in atomic spectra. III. Case of spin-orbit-split arrays,' Phys. Rev. A 31, 2248-2259 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Smith, G. J. Tallents, J. Zhang, G. Eker, S. McCabe, G. J. Pert, and E. Wolfrum, 'Saturation behavior of two x-ray lasing transitions in Ni-like Dy,' Phys. Rev. A 59, R47-R50 (1999).
[CrossRef]

P. G. Burkhalter, D. G. Nagel, and R. R. Whitlock, 'Laser-produced rare-earth x-ray spectra,' Phys. Rev. A 9, 2331-2336 (1974).
[CrossRef]

P. Mandelbaum, J. F. Seely, A. Bar-Shalom, and M. Klapisch, 'Effect of configuration mixing on 3d-4f transitions in highly ionized Ga-, Zn-, and Cu-like ions,' Phys. Rev. A 44, 5744-5751 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Bauche-Arnoult, J. Bauche, E. Luc-Koenig, J.-F. Wyart, R. M. More, C. Chenais Popovics, J. C. Gauthier, J. P. Geindre, and N. Tragin, 'Dielectronic recombination process in laser-produced tantalum plasmas,' Phys. Rev. A 39, 1053-1065 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Scr. (4)

M. Klapisch, P. Mandelbaum, A. Zigler, C. Bauche-Arnoult, and J. Bauche, 'The unresolved 3d-4f transitions in the x-ray spectra of highly ionized Tm and Re from laser produced plasma,' Phys. Scr. 34, 51-57 (1986).
[CrossRef]

A. Zigler, P. Mandelbaum, J. L. Schwob, and D. Mitnik, 'Analysis of the x-ray spectra emitted by laser-produced plasma of highly ionized lanthanum and praseodymium in the 8.4 to 12.0Å wavelength range,' Phys. Scr. 50, 61-97 (1994).
[CrossRef]

R. Doron, M. Fraenkel, P. Mandelbaum, A. Zigler, and J. L. Schwob, 'X-ray spectrum emitted by laser-produced barium plasma in the 8 to 13.5Å wavelength range,' Phys. Scr. 58, 19-24 (1998).
[CrossRef]

N. Tragin, J. P. Geindre, P. Monier, J. C. Gauthier, C. Chenais-Popovics, J.-F. Wyart, and C. Bauche-Arnoult, 'Extended analysis of the x-ray spectra of laser-irradiated elements in the sequence from tantalum to lead,' Phys. Scr. 37, 72-82 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE (1)

B. W. Smith, ed., Optical Microlithography XVII, Proc. SPIE 5537 (SPIE, 2004).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Recording of the x-ray spectrum in the 5.0 to 6.6 Å wavelength range emitted by a dysprosium laser-produced plasma. Labels refer to Table 1.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental spectra superimposed with synthetic spectra showing the result of the computations of the 3 d 9 3 d 8 5 f [Fig. 2a] and 3 d 9 4 s 3 d 8 4 s 5 f [Fig. 2b] transition array. The Ni -like 3 d 10 3 d 3 2 9 5 f 5 2 [ J = 1 ] transitions are shown for reference.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Recording of the x-ray spectrum in the 6.8 to 9.2 Å wavelength range emitted by a dysprosium laser-produced plasma. Labels refer to Table 2.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Calculated 3 d 10 4 p 2 3 d 9 4 p 2 4 f transition array in the Zn -like Dy + 36 and the two Gaussian curves used in the pseudocontinuum model.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Synthetic spectrum showing the result of the modeling of the 3 d 4 f pseudocontinuum.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Recording of the x-ray spectrum in the 9.0 to 10.2 Å wavelength range emitted by a dysprosium laser-produced plasma. Labels refer to Table 4.

Tables (4)

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Table 1 Results for Identified Transitions in the Spectrum of Dysprosium Laser-Produced Plasma in the 5.0– 6.6 Å Wavelength Range

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Table 2 Results for Identified Transitions in the Spectrum of Dysprosium Laser-Produced Plasma in the 6.8 9.2 Å Wavelength Range

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Table 3 Calculated Mean Wavelength, Variance and Σ g A of the Subarrays for 3 d 4 f Transitions in Cu -like to As -like Dysprosium

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Table 4 Results for Identified Transitions in the Spectrum of Dysprosium Laser-Produced Plasma in the 9 10.2 Å Wavelength Range

Equations (2)

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λ ¯ = i , j , i < j g j A j i λ j i i , j , i < j g j A j i ,
Δ λ 2 = i , j , i < j g j A j i ( λ ¯ λ j i ) 2 i , j , i < j g j A j i ,

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