Abstract

By modifying some structural characteristics, the annealing process can have considerable effects on the optical performance of the solgel-derived ZrO2 xerogel films. Annealing at increasing temperature from 150°Cto750°C gives rise to first an increase of refractive index from 1.63 (at 633nm) to 1.93 and then a decrease to 1.86 with the watershed temperature of 550°C. This can be associated with the evolutions in both packing density and structure order of the films due to the removal of organic segments, material crystallization, and phase transformation. The optical bandgap is found to decrease from 5.63to4.97eV over the entire temperature range, suggesting an increasing nonlinear absorption in the case of high-power laser irradiation. Moreover, annealing completely destroys the network structure of the xerogel films that is suspected to facilitate the energy relaxation. Thus, the combined effect of the greatly weakened endurance and possible enhanced absorption to irradiation laser leads to a monotonous decrease of the laser-induced damage threshold from 55to10Jcm2 (at 1053nm, 10ns pulse duration, and R/1 testing mode).

© 2007 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. I. Thomas, 'Preparation of dielectric HR mirrors from colloid oxide suspensions containing organic polymer binders,' in Sol-Gel Optics III, J.D. Mackenzie, ed., Proc. SPIE 2288, 50-55 (1994).
  2. Ph. Belleville, C. Bonnin, and J. J. Priotton, 'Room-temperature mirror preparation using sol-gel chemistry and laminar-flow coating technique,' J. Sol-Gel Sci. Technol. 19, 223-226 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  3. Q. Y. Zhang, J. Shen, J. Wang, G. M. Wu, and L. Y. Chen, 'Sol-gel derived ZrO2-SiO2 highly reflective mirrors,' Int. J. Inorg. Mater. 2, 319-323 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  4. D. Grosso and P. A. Seromon, 'Scandia optical mirrors for application at 351 nm,' Thin Solid Films 368, 116-124 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  5. Ph. Belleville, Ph. Prené, C. Bonnin, L. Beaurain, Y. Montouillout, and É. Lavastre, 'How smooth chemistry allows high power laser optical coating preparation,' in Advances in Optical Thin Films, C. Amra, N. Kaiser, and H.A. Macleod, eds. Proc. SPIE 5250, 196-202 (2004).
  6. G. L. Tian, J. B. Huang, T. Wang, H. B. He, and J. D. Shao, 'Microstructure and laser-damage threshold of ZrO2 mirrors dependence on annealing temperature,' Appl. Surf. Sci. 239, 201-208 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  7. D. W. Zhang, S. H. Fan, Y. A. Zhao, W. D. Gao, J. D. Shao, R. Y. Fan, Y. J. Wang, and Z. X. Fan, 'High laser-induced damage threshold HfO2 films prepared by ion-assisted electron beam evaporation,' Appl. Surf. Sci. 243, 232-237 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  8. M. Reichling, A. Bodemann, and N. Kaiser, 'Defect induced laser damage in oxide multilayer mirrors for 248 nm,' Thin Solid Films 320, 264-279 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  9. Y. A. Zhao, W. D. Gao, J. D. Shao, and Z. X. Fan, 'Roles of absorbing defects and structural defects in multilayer under single-shot and multi-shot laser radiation,' Appl. Surf. Sci. 227, 275-281 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  10. Y. Xu, B. Zhang, W. H. Fan, D. Wu, and Y. H. Sun, 'Sol-gel broadband anti-reflective single-layer silica films with high laser damage threshold,' Thin Solid Films 440, 180-183 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  11. Y. Xu, L. Zhang, D. Wu, Y. H. Sun, Z. X. Huang, X. D. Jiang, X. F. Wei, Z. H. Li, B. Z. Dong, and Z. H. Wu, 'Durable sol-gel antireflective films with high laser-induced damage thresholds for inertial confinement fusion,' J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 905-912 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  12. M. C. Ferrara, M. R. Perrone, M. L. Protopapa, J. Sancho-Parramon, S. Bosch, and S. Mazzarelli, 'High mechanical damage resistant sol-gel mirror for high power lasers,' in Advances in Optical Thin Films, C. Amra, N. Kaiser, and H.A. Macleod, eds., Proc. SPIE 5250, 537-545 (2004).
  13. Y. A. Zhao, T. Wang, D. P. Zhang, S. H. Fan, J. D. Shao, and Z. X. Fan, 'Laser conditioning of ZrO2:Y2O3/SiO2 mirror coatings prepared by E-beam evaporation,' Appl. Surf. Sci. 239, 171-175 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  14. G. S. Kathryn and S. L. Jeffrey, 'Characterization of titanium and zirconium valerate sol-gel films,' Chem. Mater. 6, 890-898 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  15. G. Ehrhart, B. Capoen, O. Robbe, Ph. Boy, S. Turrell, and M. Bouazaoui, 'Structural and optical properties of n-propoxide sol-gel derived ZrO2 thin films,' Thin Solid Films 496, 227-233 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  16. J. Méndez-Vivar, R. Mendoze-Serna, and L. Valdez-Castro, 'Control of the polymerization process of multicomponent (Si, Ti, Zr) sols using chelating agents,' J. Non-Cryst. Solids 288, 200-209 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  17. J. P. Zhao, W. H. Fan, D. Wu, and Y. H. Sun, 'Synthesis of highly stabilized zirconia sols from zirconium n-propoxide-diglycol system,' J. Non-Cryst. Solids 261, 15-20 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  18. H. G. Floch, J. P. Priotton, and I. M. Thomas, 'Optical coatings prepared from colloidal media,' Thin Solid Films 175, 173-178 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  19. W. M. Liu, Y. X. Chen, C. F. Ye, and P. Y. Zhang, 'Preparation and characterization of doped sol-gel zirconia films,' Ceram. Int. 28, 349-354 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  20. A. Hartridge, M. Ghanashyam Krishna, and A. K. Bhattacharya, 'Temperature and ionic size dependence on the structure and optical properties of nanocrystalline lanthanide doped zirconia thin films,' Thin Solid Films 384, 254-260 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  21. W. C. Liu, D. Wu, A. D. Li, H. Q. Ling, Y. F. Tang, and N. B. Ming, 'Annealing and doping effects on structure and optical properties of sol-gel derived ZrO2 thin films,' Appl. Surf. Sci. 191, 181-187 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  22. R. Swanepoel, 'Determination of the thickness and optical constants of amorphous silicon,' J. Phys. E 16, 1214-1222 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  23. S. H. Wemple and M. DiDomenico, Jr., 'Behavior of the electronic dielectric constant in covalent and ionic materials,' Phys. Rev. B 3, 1338-1351 (1971).
    [CrossRef]
  24. J. M. González-Leal, R. Prieto-Alcón, J. A. Angel, and E. Márquez, 'Optical properties of thermally evaporated amorphous As40S60-xSex films,' J. Non-Cryst. Solids 315, 134-143 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  25. N. K. Sahoo, S. Thakur, and R. B. Tokas, 'Superior refractive index tailoring properties in composite ZrO2/SiO2 thin film systems achieved through reactive electron beam codeposition process,' Appl. Surf. Sci. 253, 618-626 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  26. S. Shukla and S. Seal, 'Thermodynamic tetragonal phase stability in sol-gel derived nanodomains of pure zirconia,' J. Phys. Chem. B 108, 3395-3399 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  27. N. Tigau, V. Ciupina, and G. Prodan, 'The effect of substrate temperature on the optical properties of polycrystalline Sb2O3 thin films,' J. Cryst. Growth 277, 529-535 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  28. J. C. Manifacier, J. Gasiot, and J. P. Fillard, 'A simple method for the determination of the optical constants n,k and the thickness of a weakly absorbing thin film,' J. Phys. E 9, 1002-1004 (1976).
    [CrossRef]
  29. L. F. Cueto, E. Sánchez, L. M. Torres-Martínez, and G. A. Hirata, 'On the optical, structural, and morphological properties of ZrO2 and TiO2 dip-coated thin films supported on glass substrates,' Mater. Charact. 55, 263-271 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  30. S. Bhaskar, S. B. Majumder, M. Jain, P. S. Dobal, and R. S. Katiyar, 'Studies on the structural, microstructural and optical properties of sol-gel derived lead lanthanum titanate thin films,' Mater. Sci. Eng., B 87, 178-190 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  31. Y. Sorek, M. Zevin, and R. Reisfeld, 'Zirconia and zirconia-ORMOSIL planar waveguides prepared at room temperature,' Chem. Mater. 9, 670-676 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  32. M. K. Mishra, B. Tyagi, and R. V. Jasra, 'Effect of synthetic parameters on structure, textural, and catalytic properties of nanocrystalline sulfated zirconia prepared by sol-gel technique,' Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 42, 5727-5736 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  33. K. G. Severin, J. S. Ledford, B. A. Torgerson, and K. A. Berglund, 'Characterization of titanium and zirconium valerate sol-gel films,' Chem. Mater. 6, 890-898 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  34. Y. X. Hao, J. S. Li, X. J. Yang, X. Wang, and L. D. Lu, 'Preparation of ZrO2-Al2O3 composite membrane by sol-gel process and their characterization,' Mater. Sci. Eng., A 367, 243-247 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  35. M. J. Li, Z. C. Feng, G. Xiong, P. L. Ying, Q. Xin, and C. Li, 'Phase transformation in the surface region of zirconia detected by UV Raman spectroscopy,' J. Phys. Chem. B 105, 8107-8111 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  36. D. Pamu, M. Ghanashyam Krishna, K. C. James Raju, and A. K. Bhatnagar, 'Ambient temperature growth of nanocrystalline titanium dioxide thin films,' Solid State Commun. 135, 7-10 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  37. S. Jana and P. K. Biswas, 'Characterization of oxygen deficiency and trivalent zirconium in sol-gel derived zirconia films,' Mater. Lett. 30, 53-58 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  38. V. N. Strekalov, 'Absorption of laser light by ions as a mechanism of optical damage in solids,' in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G.Exarhos, A.Guenther, M.Kozlowski, K.L. Lewis, and M.J. Soileau, eds., Proc. SPIE 3244, 26-30 (1997).
  39. V. N. Strekalov, 'The path integrals method and description of valence band impact ionization under multiphoton heating of electrons,' in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G. Exarhos, A. Guenther, M. Kozlowski, K.L. Lewis, and M.J. Soileau, eds., Proc. SPIE 3578, 256-263 (1998).
  40. C. W. Carr, H. B. Radousky, and S. G. Demos, 'Experimental study of wavelength dependent damage threshold in DKDP,' in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G. Exarhos, A. Guenther, N. Kaiser, K.L. Lewis, M.J. Soileau, C.J. Stolz, A. Giesen, and H. Weber, eds., Proc. SPIE 4932, 385-389 (2003).
  41. D. Li, Z. Q. Zhu, X. Y. Fu, and F. M. Qiu, 'Relations between the laser induced damage to optical thin film and the material band-gap,' Opto-Electron. Eng. 26, 58-62 (1999).
  42. R. Brenier and A. Gagnaire, 'Densification and aging of ZrO2 films prepared by sol-gel,' Thin Solid Films 392, 142-148 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  43. H. K. Pulker and S. Schlichtherle, 'Density related properties of metal oxide films,' in Advances in Optical Thin Films, C. Amra and N. Kaiser, eds., Proc. SPIE 5250, 1-11 (2004).

2006 (2)

G. Ehrhart, B. Capoen, O. Robbe, Ph. Boy, S. Turrell, and M. Bouazaoui, 'Structural and optical properties of n-propoxide sol-gel derived ZrO2 thin films,' Thin Solid Films 496, 227-233 (2006).
[CrossRef]

N. K. Sahoo, S. Thakur, and R. B. Tokas, 'Superior refractive index tailoring properties in composite ZrO2/SiO2 thin film systems achieved through reactive electron beam codeposition process,' Appl. Surf. Sci. 253, 618-626 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (7)

N. Tigau, V. Ciupina, and G. Prodan, 'The effect of substrate temperature on the optical properties of polycrystalline Sb2O3 thin films,' J. Cryst. Growth 277, 529-535 (2005).
[CrossRef]

L. F. Cueto, E. Sánchez, L. M. Torres-Martínez, and G. A. Hirata, 'On the optical, structural, and morphological properties of ZrO2 and TiO2 dip-coated thin films supported on glass substrates,' Mater. Charact. 55, 263-271 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. Pamu, M. Ghanashyam Krishna, K. C. James Raju, and A. K. Bhatnagar, 'Ambient temperature growth of nanocrystalline titanium dioxide thin films,' Solid State Commun. 135, 7-10 (2005).
[CrossRef]

G. L. Tian, J. B. Huang, T. Wang, H. B. He, and J. D. Shao, 'Microstructure and laser-damage threshold of ZrO2 mirrors dependence on annealing temperature,' Appl. Surf. Sci. 239, 201-208 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. W. Zhang, S. H. Fan, Y. A. Zhao, W. D. Gao, J. D. Shao, R. Y. Fan, Y. J. Wang, and Z. X. Fan, 'High laser-induced damage threshold HfO2 films prepared by ion-assisted electron beam evaporation,' Appl. Surf. Sci. 243, 232-237 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. Xu, L. Zhang, D. Wu, Y. H. Sun, Z. X. Huang, X. D. Jiang, X. F. Wei, Z. H. Li, B. Z. Dong, and Z. H. Wu, 'Durable sol-gel antireflective films with high laser-induced damage thresholds for inertial confinement fusion,' J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 905-912 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. A. Zhao, T. Wang, D. P. Zhang, S. H. Fan, J. D. Shao, and Z. X. Fan, 'Laser conditioning of ZrO2:Y2O3/SiO2 mirror coatings prepared by E-beam evaporation,' Appl. Surf. Sci. 239, 171-175 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (3)

Y. A. Zhao, W. D. Gao, J. D. Shao, and Z. X. Fan, 'Roles of absorbing defects and structural defects in multilayer under single-shot and multi-shot laser radiation,' Appl. Surf. Sci. 227, 275-281 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Y. X. Hao, J. S. Li, X. J. Yang, X. Wang, and L. D. Lu, 'Preparation of ZrO2-Al2O3 composite membrane by sol-gel process and their characterization,' Mater. Sci. Eng., A 367, 243-247 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Shukla and S. Seal, 'Thermodynamic tetragonal phase stability in sol-gel derived nanodomains of pure zirconia,' J. Phys. Chem. B 108, 3395-3399 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (3)

M. K. Mishra, B. Tyagi, and R. V. Jasra, 'Effect of synthetic parameters on structure, textural, and catalytic properties of nanocrystalline sulfated zirconia prepared by sol-gel technique,' Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 42, 5727-5736 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. M. González-Leal, R. Prieto-Alcón, J. A. Angel, and E. Márquez, 'Optical properties of thermally evaporated amorphous As40S60-xSex films,' J. Non-Cryst. Solids 315, 134-143 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Y. Xu, B. Zhang, W. H. Fan, D. Wu, and Y. H. Sun, 'Sol-gel broadband anti-reflective single-layer silica films with high laser damage threshold,' Thin Solid Films 440, 180-183 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

W. M. Liu, Y. X. Chen, C. F. Ye, and P. Y. Zhang, 'Preparation and characterization of doped sol-gel zirconia films,' Ceram. Int. 28, 349-354 (2002).
[CrossRef]

W. C. Liu, D. Wu, A. D. Li, H. Q. Ling, Y. F. Tang, and N. B. Ming, 'Annealing and doping effects on structure and optical properties of sol-gel derived ZrO2 thin films,' Appl. Surf. Sci. 191, 181-187 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (5)

A. Hartridge, M. Ghanashyam Krishna, and A. K. Bhattacharya, 'Temperature and ionic size dependence on the structure and optical properties of nanocrystalline lanthanide doped zirconia thin films,' Thin Solid Films 384, 254-260 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Méndez-Vivar, R. Mendoze-Serna, and L. Valdez-Castro, 'Control of the polymerization process of multicomponent (Si, Ti, Zr) sols using chelating agents,' J. Non-Cryst. Solids 288, 200-209 (2001).
[CrossRef]

R. Brenier and A. Gagnaire, 'Densification and aging of ZrO2 films prepared by sol-gel,' Thin Solid Films 392, 142-148 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Li, Z. C. Feng, G. Xiong, P. L. Ying, Q. Xin, and C. Li, 'Phase transformation in the surface region of zirconia detected by UV Raman spectroscopy,' J. Phys. Chem. B 105, 8107-8111 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S. Bhaskar, S. B. Majumder, M. Jain, P. S. Dobal, and R. S. Katiyar, 'Studies on the structural, microstructural and optical properties of sol-gel derived lead lanthanum titanate thin films,' Mater. Sci. Eng., B 87, 178-190 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (4)

J. P. Zhao, W. H. Fan, D. Wu, and Y. H. Sun, 'Synthesis of highly stabilized zirconia sols from zirconium n-propoxide-diglycol system,' J. Non-Cryst. Solids 261, 15-20 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ph. Belleville, C. Bonnin, and J. J. Priotton, 'Room-temperature mirror preparation using sol-gel chemistry and laminar-flow coating technique,' J. Sol-Gel Sci. Technol. 19, 223-226 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Q. Y. Zhang, J. Shen, J. Wang, G. M. Wu, and L. Y. Chen, 'Sol-gel derived ZrO2-SiO2 highly reflective mirrors,' Int. J. Inorg. Mater. 2, 319-323 (2000).
[CrossRef]

D. Grosso and P. A. Seromon, 'Scandia optical mirrors for application at 351 nm,' Thin Solid Films 368, 116-124 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

D. Li, Z. Q. Zhu, X. Y. Fu, and F. M. Qiu, 'Relations between the laser induced damage to optical thin film and the material band-gap,' Opto-Electron. Eng. 26, 58-62 (1999).

1998 (1)

M. Reichling, A. Bodemann, and N. Kaiser, 'Defect induced laser damage in oxide multilayer mirrors for 248 nm,' Thin Solid Films 320, 264-279 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (2)

S. Jana and P. K. Biswas, 'Characterization of oxygen deficiency and trivalent zirconium in sol-gel derived zirconia films,' Mater. Lett. 30, 53-58 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Y. Sorek, M. Zevin, and R. Reisfeld, 'Zirconia and zirconia-ORMOSIL planar waveguides prepared at room temperature,' Chem. Mater. 9, 670-676 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1994 (2)

K. G. Severin, J. S. Ledford, B. A. Torgerson, and K. A. Berglund, 'Characterization of titanium and zirconium valerate sol-gel films,' Chem. Mater. 6, 890-898 (1994).
[CrossRef]

G. S. Kathryn and S. L. Jeffrey, 'Characterization of titanium and zirconium valerate sol-gel films,' Chem. Mater. 6, 890-898 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

H. G. Floch, J. P. Priotton, and I. M. Thomas, 'Optical coatings prepared from colloidal media,' Thin Solid Films 175, 173-178 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1983 (1)

R. Swanepoel, 'Determination of the thickness and optical constants of amorphous silicon,' J. Phys. E 16, 1214-1222 (1983).
[CrossRef]

1976 (1)

J. C. Manifacier, J. Gasiot, and J. P. Fillard, 'A simple method for the determination of the optical constants n,k and the thickness of a weakly absorbing thin film,' J. Phys. E 9, 1002-1004 (1976).
[CrossRef]

1971 (1)

S. H. Wemple and M. DiDomenico, Jr., 'Behavior of the electronic dielectric constant in covalent and ionic materials,' Phys. Rev. B 3, 1338-1351 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Angel, J. A.

J. M. González-Leal, R. Prieto-Alcón, J. A. Angel, and E. Márquez, 'Optical properties of thermally evaporated amorphous As40S60-xSex films,' J. Non-Cryst. Solids 315, 134-143 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Beaurain, L.

Ph. Belleville, Ph. Prené, C. Bonnin, L. Beaurain, Y. Montouillout, and É. Lavastre, 'How smooth chemistry allows high power laser optical coating preparation,' in Advances in Optical Thin Films, C. Amra, N. Kaiser, and H.A. Macleod, eds. Proc. SPIE 5250, 196-202 (2004).

Belleville, Ph.

Ph. Belleville, C. Bonnin, and J. J. Priotton, 'Room-temperature mirror preparation using sol-gel chemistry and laminar-flow coating technique,' J. Sol-Gel Sci. Technol. 19, 223-226 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ph. Belleville, Ph. Prené, C. Bonnin, L. Beaurain, Y. Montouillout, and É. Lavastre, 'How smooth chemistry allows high power laser optical coating preparation,' in Advances in Optical Thin Films, C. Amra, N. Kaiser, and H.A. Macleod, eds. Proc. SPIE 5250, 196-202 (2004).

Berglund, K. A.

K. G. Severin, J. S. Ledford, B. A. Torgerson, and K. A. Berglund, 'Characterization of titanium and zirconium valerate sol-gel films,' Chem. Mater. 6, 890-898 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Bhaskar, S.

S. Bhaskar, S. B. Majumder, M. Jain, P. S. Dobal, and R. S. Katiyar, 'Studies on the structural, microstructural and optical properties of sol-gel derived lead lanthanum titanate thin films,' Mater. Sci. Eng., B 87, 178-190 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Bhatnagar, A. K.

D. Pamu, M. Ghanashyam Krishna, K. C. James Raju, and A. K. Bhatnagar, 'Ambient temperature growth of nanocrystalline titanium dioxide thin films,' Solid State Commun. 135, 7-10 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Bhattacharya, A. K.

A. Hartridge, M. Ghanashyam Krishna, and A. K. Bhattacharya, 'Temperature and ionic size dependence on the structure and optical properties of nanocrystalline lanthanide doped zirconia thin films,' Thin Solid Films 384, 254-260 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Biswas, P. K.

S. Jana and P. K. Biswas, 'Characterization of oxygen deficiency and trivalent zirconium in sol-gel derived zirconia films,' Mater. Lett. 30, 53-58 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Bodemann, A.

M. Reichling, A. Bodemann, and N. Kaiser, 'Defect induced laser damage in oxide multilayer mirrors for 248 nm,' Thin Solid Films 320, 264-279 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Bonnin, C.

Ph. Belleville, C. Bonnin, and J. J. Priotton, 'Room-temperature mirror preparation using sol-gel chemistry and laminar-flow coating technique,' J. Sol-Gel Sci. Technol. 19, 223-226 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ph. Belleville, Ph. Prené, C. Bonnin, L. Beaurain, Y. Montouillout, and É. Lavastre, 'How smooth chemistry allows high power laser optical coating preparation,' in Advances in Optical Thin Films, C. Amra, N. Kaiser, and H.A. Macleod, eds. Proc. SPIE 5250, 196-202 (2004).

Bosch, S.

M. C. Ferrara, M. R. Perrone, M. L. Protopapa, J. Sancho-Parramon, S. Bosch, and S. Mazzarelli, 'High mechanical damage resistant sol-gel mirror for high power lasers,' in Advances in Optical Thin Films, C. Amra, N. Kaiser, and H.A. Macleod, eds., Proc. SPIE 5250, 537-545 (2004).

Bouazaoui, M.

G. Ehrhart, B. Capoen, O. Robbe, Ph. Boy, S. Turrell, and M. Bouazaoui, 'Structural and optical properties of n-propoxide sol-gel derived ZrO2 thin films,' Thin Solid Films 496, 227-233 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Boy, Ph.

G. Ehrhart, B. Capoen, O. Robbe, Ph. Boy, S. Turrell, and M. Bouazaoui, 'Structural and optical properties of n-propoxide sol-gel derived ZrO2 thin films,' Thin Solid Films 496, 227-233 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Brenier, R.

R. Brenier and A. Gagnaire, 'Densification and aging of ZrO2 films prepared by sol-gel,' Thin Solid Films 392, 142-148 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Capoen, B.

G. Ehrhart, B. Capoen, O. Robbe, Ph. Boy, S. Turrell, and M. Bouazaoui, 'Structural and optical properties of n-propoxide sol-gel derived ZrO2 thin films,' Thin Solid Films 496, 227-233 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Carr, C. W.

C. W. Carr, H. B. Radousky, and S. G. Demos, 'Experimental study of wavelength dependent damage threshold in DKDP,' in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G. Exarhos, A. Guenther, N. Kaiser, K.L. Lewis, M.J. Soileau, C.J. Stolz, A. Giesen, and H. Weber, eds., Proc. SPIE 4932, 385-389 (2003).

Chen, L. Y.

Q. Y. Zhang, J. Shen, J. Wang, G. M. Wu, and L. Y. Chen, 'Sol-gel derived ZrO2-SiO2 highly reflective mirrors,' Int. J. Inorg. Mater. 2, 319-323 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y. X.

W. M. Liu, Y. X. Chen, C. F. Ye, and P. Y. Zhang, 'Preparation and characterization of doped sol-gel zirconia films,' Ceram. Int. 28, 349-354 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ciupina, V.

N. Tigau, V. Ciupina, and G. Prodan, 'The effect of substrate temperature on the optical properties of polycrystalline Sb2O3 thin films,' J. Cryst. Growth 277, 529-535 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Cueto, L. F.

L. F. Cueto, E. Sánchez, L. M. Torres-Martínez, and G. A. Hirata, 'On the optical, structural, and morphological properties of ZrO2 and TiO2 dip-coated thin films supported on glass substrates,' Mater. Charact. 55, 263-271 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Demos, S. G.

C. W. Carr, H. B. Radousky, and S. G. Demos, 'Experimental study of wavelength dependent damage threshold in DKDP,' in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G. Exarhos, A. Guenther, N. Kaiser, K.L. Lewis, M.J. Soileau, C.J. Stolz, A. Giesen, and H. Weber, eds., Proc. SPIE 4932, 385-389 (2003).

DiDomenico, M.

S. H. Wemple and M. DiDomenico, Jr., 'Behavior of the electronic dielectric constant in covalent and ionic materials,' Phys. Rev. B 3, 1338-1351 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Dobal, P. S.

S. Bhaskar, S. B. Majumder, M. Jain, P. S. Dobal, and R. S. Katiyar, 'Studies on the structural, microstructural and optical properties of sol-gel derived lead lanthanum titanate thin films,' Mater. Sci. Eng., B 87, 178-190 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Dong, B. Z.

Ehrhart, G.

G. Ehrhart, B. Capoen, O. Robbe, Ph. Boy, S. Turrell, and M. Bouazaoui, 'Structural and optical properties of n-propoxide sol-gel derived ZrO2 thin films,' Thin Solid Films 496, 227-233 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Fan, R. Y.

D. W. Zhang, S. H. Fan, Y. A. Zhao, W. D. Gao, J. D. Shao, R. Y. Fan, Y. J. Wang, and Z. X. Fan, 'High laser-induced damage threshold HfO2 films prepared by ion-assisted electron beam evaporation,' Appl. Surf. Sci. 243, 232-237 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Fan, S. H.

D. W. Zhang, S. H. Fan, Y. A. Zhao, W. D. Gao, J. D. Shao, R. Y. Fan, Y. J. Wang, and Z. X. Fan, 'High laser-induced damage threshold HfO2 films prepared by ion-assisted electron beam evaporation,' Appl. Surf. Sci. 243, 232-237 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. A. Zhao, T. Wang, D. P. Zhang, S. H. Fan, J. D. Shao, and Z. X. Fan, 'Laser conditioning of ZrO2:Y2O3/SiO2 mirror coatings prepared by E-beam evaporation,' Appl. Surf. Sci. 239, 171-175 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Fan, W. H.

Y. Xu, B. Zhang, W. H. Fan, D. Wu, and Y. H. Sun, 'Sol-gel broadband anti-reflective single-layer silica films with high laser damage threshold,' Thin Solid Films 440, 180-183 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Zhao, W. H. Fan, D. Wu, and Y. H. Sun, 'Synthesis of highly stabilized zirconia sols from zirconium n-propoxide-diglycol system,' J. Non-Cryst. Solids 261, 15-20 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Fan, Z. X.

Y. A. Zhao, T. Wang, D. P. Zhang, S. H. Fan, J. D. Shao, and Z. X. Fan, 'Laser conditioning of ZrO2:Y2O3/SiO2 mirror coatings prepared by E-beam evaporation,' Appl. Surf. Sci. 239, 171-175 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. W. Zhang, S. H. Fan, Y. A. Zhao, W. D. Gao, J. D. Shao, R. Y. Fan, Y. J. Wang, and Z. X. Fan, 'High laser-induced damage threshold HfO2 films prepared by ion-assisted electron beam evaporation,' Appl. Surf. Sci. 243, 232-237 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. A. Zhao, W. D. Gao, J. D. Shao, and Z. X. Fan, 'Roles of absorbing defects and structural defects in multilayer under single-shot and multi-shot laser radiation,' Appl. Surf. Sci. 227, 275-281 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Feng, Z. C.

M. J. Li, Z. C. Feng, G. Xiong, P. L. Ying, Q. Xin, and C. Li, 'Phase transformation in the surface region of zirconia detected by UV Raman spectroscopy,' J. Phys. Chem. B 105, 8107-8111 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ferrara, M. C.

M. C. Ferrara, M. R. Perrone, M. L. Protopapa, J. Sancho-Parramon, S. Bosch, and S. Mazzarelli, 'High mechanical damage resistant sol-gel mirror for high power lasers,' in Advances in Optical Thin Films, C. Amra, N. Kaiser, and H.A. Macleod, eds., Proc. SPIE 5250, 537-545 (2004).

Fillard, J. P.

J. C. Manifacier, J. Gasiot, and J. P. Fillard, 'A simple method for the determination of the optical constants n,k and the thickness of a weakly absorbing thin film,' J. Phys. E 9, 1002-1004 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Floch, H. G.

H. G. Floch, J. P. Priotton, and I. M. Thomas, 'Optical coatings prepared from colloidal media,' Thin Solid Films 175, 173-178 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Fu, X. Y.

D. Li, Z. Q. Zhu, X. Y. Fu, and F. M. Qiu, 'Relations between the laser induced damage to optical thin film and the material band-gap,' Opto-Electron. Eng. 26, 58-62 (1999).

Gagnaire, A.

R. Brenier and A. Gagnaire, 'Densification and aging of ZrO2 films prepared by sol-gel,' Thin Solid Films 392, 142-148 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Gao, W. D.

D. W. Zhang, S. H. Fan, Y. A. Zhao, W. D. Gao, J. D. Shao, R. Y. Fan, Y. J. Wang, and Z. X. Fan, 'High laser-induced damage threshold HfO2 films prepared by ion-assisted electron beam evaporation,' Appl. Surf. Sci. 243, 232-237 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. A. Zhao, W. D. Gao, J. D. Shao, and Z. X. Fan, 'Roles of absorbing defects and structural defects in multilayer under single-shot and multi-shot laser radiation,' Appl. Surf. Sci. 227, 275-281 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Gasiot, J.

J. C. Manifacier, J. Gasiot, and J. P. Fillard, 'A simple method for the determination of the optical constants n,k and the thickness of a weakly absorbing thin film,' J. Phys. E 9, 1002-1004 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Ghanashyam Krishna, M.

D. Pamu, M. Ghanashyam Krishna, K. C. James Raju, and A. K. Bhatnagar, 'Ambient temperature growth of nanocrystalline titanium dioxide thin films,' Solid State Commun. 135, 7-10 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Hartridge, M. Ghanashyam Krishna, and A. K. Bhattacharya, 'Temperature and ionic size dependence on the structure and optical properties of nanocrystalline lanthanide doped zirconia thin films,' Thin Solid Films 384, 254-260 (2001).
[CrossRef]

González-Leal, J. M.

J. M. González-Leal, R. Prieto-Alcón, J. A. Angel, and E. Márquez, 'Optical properties of thermally evaporated amorphous As40S60-xSex films,' J. Non-Cryst. Solids 315, 134-143 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Grosso, D.

D. Grosso and P. A. Seromon, 'Scandia optical mirrors for application at 351 nm,' Thin Solid Films 368, 116-124 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hao, Y. X.

Y. X. Hao, J. S. Li, X. J. Yang, X. Wang, and L. D. Lu, 'Preparation of ZrO2-Al2O3 composite membrane by sol-gel process and their characterization,' Mater. Sci. Eng., A 367, 243-247 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hartridge, A.

A. Hartridge, M. Ghanashyam Krishna, and A. K. Bhattacharya, 'Temperature and ionic size dependence on the structure and optical properties of nanocrystalline lanthanide doped zirconia thin films,' Thin Solid Films 384, 254-260 (2001).
[CrossRef]

He, H. B.

G. L. Tian, J. B. Huang, T. Wang, H. B. He, and J. D. Shao, 'Microstructure and laser-damage threshold of ZrO2 mirrors dependence on annealing temperature,' Appl. Surf. Sci. 239, 201-208 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hirata, G. A.

L. F. Cueto, E. Sánchez, L. M. Torres-Martínez, and G. A. Hirata, 'On the optical, structural, and morphological properties of ZrO2 and TiO2 dip-coated thin films supported on glass substrates,' Mater. Charact. 55, 263-271 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Huang, J. B.

G. L. Tian, J. B. Huang, T. Wang, H. B. He, and J. D. Shao, 'Microstructure and laser-damage threshold of ZrO2 mirrors dependence on annealing temperature,' Appl. Surf. Sci. 239, 201-208 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Huang, Z. X.

Jain, M.

S. Bhaskar, S. B. Majumder, M. Jain, P. S. Dobal, and R. S. Katiyar, 'Studies on the structural, microstructural and optical properties of sol-gel derived lead lanthanum titanate thin films,' Mater. Sci. Eng., B 87, 178-190 (2001).
[CrossRef]

James Raju, K. C.

D. Pamu, M. Ghanashyam Krishna, K. C. James Raju, and A. K. Bhatnagar, 'Ambient temperature growth of nanocrystalline titanium dioxide thin films,' Solid State Commun. 135, 7-10 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Jana, S.

S. Jana and P. K. Biswas, 'Characterization of oxygen deficiency and trivalent zirconium in sol-gel derived zirconia films,' Mater. Lett. 30, 53-58 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Jasra, R. V.

M. K. Mishra, B. Tyagi, and R. V. Jasra, 'Effect of synthetic parameters on structure, textural, and catalytic properties of nanocrystalline sulfated zirconia prepared by sol-gel technique,' Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 42, 5727-5736 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Jeffrey, S. L.

G. S. Kathryn and S. L. Jeffrey, 'Characterization of titanium and zirconium valerate sol-gel films,' Chem. Mater. 6, 890-898 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, X. D.

Kaiser, N.

M. Reichling, A. Bodemann, and N. Kaiser, 'Defect induced laser damage in oxide multilayer mirrors for 248 nm,' Thin Solid Films 320, 264-279 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kathryn, G. S.

G. S. Kathryn and S. L. Jeffrey, 'Characterization of titanium and zirconium valerate sol-gel films,' Chem. Mater. 6, 890-898 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Katiyar, R. S.

S. Bhaskar, S. B. Majumder, M. Jain, P. S. Dobal, and R. S. Katiyar, 'Studies on the structural, microstructural and optical properties of sol-gel derived lead lanthanum titanate thin films,' Mater. Sci. Eng., B 87, 178-190 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Lavastre, É.

Ph. Belleville, Ph. Prené, C. Bonnin, L. Beaurain, Y. Montouillout, and É. Lavastre, 'How smooth chemistry allows high power laser optical coating preparation,' in Advances in Optical Thin Films, C. Amra, N. Kaiser, and H.A. Macleod, eds. Proc. SPIE 5250, 196-202 (2004).

Ledford, J. S.

K. G. Severin, J. S. Ledford, B. A. Torgerson, and K. A. Berglund, 'Characterization of titanium and zirconium valerate sol-gel films,' Chem. Mater. 6, 890-898 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Li, A. D.

W. C. Liu, D. Wu, A. D. Li, H. Q. Ling, Y. F. Tang, and N. B. Ming, 'Annealing and doping effects on structure and optical properties of sol-gel derived ZrO2 thin films,' Appl. Surf. Sci. 191, 181-187 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Li, C.

M. J. Li, Z. C. Feng, G. Xiong, P. L. Ying, Q. Xin, and C. Li, 'Phase transformation in the surface region of zirconia detected by UV Raman spectroscopy,' J. Phys. Chem. B 105, 8107-8111 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Li, D.

D. Li, Z. Q. Zhu, X. Y. Fu, and F. M. Qiu, 'Relations between the laser induced damage to optical thin film and the material band-gap,' Opto-Electron. Eng. 26, 58-62 (1999).

Li, J. S.

Y. X. Hao, J. S. Li, X. J. Yang, X. Wang, and L. D. Lu, 'Preparation of ZrO2-Al2O3 composite membrane by sol-gel process and their characterization,' Mater. Sci. Eng., A 367, 243-247 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Li, M. J.

M. J. Li, Z. C. Feng, G. Xiong, P. L. Ying, Q. Xin, and C. Li, 'Phase transformation in the surface region of zirconia detected by UV Raman spectroscopy,' J. Phys. Chem. B 105, 8107-8111 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Li, Z. H.

Ling, H. Q.

W. C. Liu, D. Wu, A. D. Li, H. Q. Ling, Y. F. Tang, and N. B. Ming, 'Annealing and doping effects on structure and optical properties of sol-gel derived ZrO2 thin films,' Appl. Surf. Sci. 191, 181-187 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Liu, W. C.

W. C. Liu, D. Wu, A. D. Li, H. Q. Ling, Y. F. Tang, and N. B. Ming, 'Annealing and doping effects on structure and optical properties of sol-gel derived ZrO2 thin films,' Appl. Surf. Sci. 191, 181-187 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Liu, W. M.

W. M. Liu, Y. X. Chen, C. F. Ye, and P. Y. Zhang, 'Preparation and characterization of doped sol-gel zirconia films,' Ceram. Int. 28, 349-354 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lu, L. D.

Y. X. Hao, J. S. Li, X. J. Yang, X. Wang, and L. D. Lu, 'Preparation of ZrO2-Al2O3 composite membrane by sol-gel process and their characterization,' Mater. Sci. Eng., A 367, 243-247 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Majumder, S. B.

S. Bhaskar, S. B. Majumder, M. Jain, P. S. Dobal, and R. S. Katiyar, 'Studies on the structural, microstructural and optical properties of sol-gel derived lead lanthanum titanate thin films,' Mater. Sci. Eng., B 87, 178-190 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Manifacier, J. C.

J. C. Manifacier, J. Gasiot, and J. P. Fillard, 'A simple method for the determination of the optical constants n,k and the thickness of a weakly absorbing thin film,' J. Phys. E 9, 1002-1004 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Márquez, E.

J. M. González-Leal, R. Prieto-Alcón, J. A. Angel, and E. Márquez, 'Optical properties of thermally evaporated amorphous As40S60-xSex films,' J. Non-Cryst. Solids 315, 134-143 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Mazzarelli, S.

M. C. Ferrara, M. R. Perrone, M. L. Protopapa, J. Sancho-Parramon, S. Bosch, and S. Mazzarelli, 'High mechanical damage resistant sol-gel mirror for high power lasers,' in Advances in Optical Thin Films, C. Amra, N. Kaiser, and H.A. Macleod, eds., Proc. SPIE 5250, 537-545 (2004).

Méndez-Vivar, J.

J. Méndez-Vivar, R. Mendoze-Serna, and L. Valdez-Castro, 'Control of the polymerization process of multicomponent (Si, Ti, Zr) sols using chelating agents,' J. Non-Cryst. Solids 288, 200-209 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Mendoze-Serna, R.

J. Méndez-Vivar, R. Mendoze-Serna, and L. Valdez-Castro, 'Control of the polymerization process of multicomponent (Si, Ti, Zr) sols using chelating agents,' J. Non-Cryst. Solids 288, 200-209 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ming, N. B.

W. C. Liu, D. Wu, A. D. Li, H. Q. Ling, Y. F. Tang, and N. B. Ming, 'Annealing and doping effects on structure and optical properties of sol-gel derived ZrO2 thin films,' Appl. Surf. Sci. 191, 181-187 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Mishra, M. K.

M. K. Mishra, B. Tyagi, and R. V. Jasra, 'Effect of synthetic parameters on structure, textural, and catalytic properties of nanocrystalline sulfated zirconia prepared by sol-gel technique,' Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 42, 5727-5736 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Montouillout, Y.

Ph. Belleville, Ph. Prené, C. Bonnin, L. Beaurain, Y. Montouillout, and É. Lavastre, 'How smooth chemistry allows high power laser optical coating preparation,' in Advances in Optical Thin Films, C. Amra, N. Kaiser, and H.A. Macleod, eds. Proc. SPIE 5250, 196-202 (2004).

Pamu, D.

D. Pamu, M. Ghanashyam Krishna, K. C. James Raju, and A. K. Bhatnagar, 'Ambient temperature growth of nanocrystalline titanium dioxide thin films,' Solid State Commun. 135, 7-10 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Perrone, M. R.

M. C. Ferrara, M. R. Perrone, M. L. Protopapa, J. Sancho-Parramon, S. Bosch, and S. Mazzarelli, 'High mechanical damage resistant sol-gel mirror for high power lasers,' in Advances in Optical Thin Films, C. Amra, N. Kaiser, and H.A. Macleod, eds., Proc. SPIE 5250, 537-545 (2004).

Prené, Ph.

Ph. Belleville, Ph. Prené, C. Bonnin, L. Beaurain, Y. Montouillout, and É. Lavastre, 'How smooth chemistry allows high power laser optical coating preparation,' in Advances in Optical Thin Films, C. Amra, N. Kaiser, and H.A. Macleod, eds. Proc. SPIE 5250, 196-202 (2004).

Prieto-Alcón, R.

J. M. González-Leal, R. Prieto-Alcón, J. A. Angel, and E. Márquez, 'Optical properties of thermally evaporated amorphous As40S60-xSex films,' J. Non-Cryst. Solids 315, 134-143 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Priotton, J. J.

Ph. Belleville, C. Bonnin, and J. J. Priotton, 'Room-temperature mirror preparation using sol-gel chemistry and laminar-flow coating technique,' J. Sol-Gel Sci. Technol. 19, 223-226 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Priotton, J. P.

H. G. Floch, J. P. Priotton, and I. M. Thomas, 'Optical coatings prepared from colloidal media,' Thin Solid Films 175, 173-178 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Prodan, G.

N. Tigau, V. Ciupina, and G. Prodan, 'The effect of substrate temperature on the optical properties of polycrystalline Sb2O3 thin films,' J. Cryst. Growth 277, 529-535 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Protopapa, M. L.

M. C. Ferrara, M. R. Perrone, M. L. Protopapa, J. Sancho-Parramon, S. Bosch, and S. Mazzarelli, 'High mechanical damage resistant sol-gel mirror for high power lasers,' in Advances in Optical Thin Films, C. Amra, N. Kaiser, and H.A. Macleod, eds., Proc. SPIE 5250, 537-545 (2004).

Pulker, H. K.

H. K. Pulker and S. Schlichtherle, 'Density related properties of metal oxide films,' in Advances in Optical Thin Films, C. Amra and N. Kaiser, eds., Proc. SPIE 5250, 1-11 (2004).

Qiu, F. M.

D. Li, Z. Q. Zhu, X. Y. Fu, and F. M. Qiu, 'Relations between the laser induced damage to optical thin film and the material band-gap,' Opto-Electron. Eng. 26, 58-62 (1999).

Radousky, H. B.

C. W. Carr, H. B. Radousky, and S. G. Demos, 'Experimental study of wavelength dependent damage threshold in DKDP,' in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G. Exarhos, A. Guenther, N. Kaiser, K.L. Lewis, M.J. Soileau, C.J. Stolz, A. Giesen, and H. Weber, eds., Proc. SPIE 4932, 385-389 (2003).

Reichling, M.

M. Reichling, A. Bodemann, and N. Kaiser, 'Defect induced laser damage in oxide multilayer mirrors for 248 nm,' Thin Solid Films 320, 264-279 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Reisfeld, R.

Y. Sorek, M. Zevin, and R. Reisfeld, 'Zirconia and zirconia-ORMOSIL planar waveguides prepared at room temperature,' Chem. Mater. 9, 670-676 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Robbe, O.

G. Ehrhart, B. Capoen, O. Robbe, Ph. Boy, S. Turrell, and M. Bouazaoui, 'Structural and optical properties of n-propoxide sol-gel derived ZrO2 thin films,' Thin Solid Films 496, 227-233 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sahoo, N. K.

N. K. Sahoo, S. Thakur, and R. B. Tokas, 'Superior refractive index tailoring properties in composite ZrO2/SiO2 thin film systems achieved through reactive electron beam codeposition process,' Appl. Surf. Sci. 253, 618-626 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sánchez, E.

L. F. Cueto, E. Sánchez, L. M. Torres-Martínez, and G. A. Hirata, 'On the optical, structural, and morphological properties of ZrO2 and TiO2 dip-coated thin films supported on glass substrates,' Mater. Charact. 55, 263-271 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sancho-Parramon, J.

M. C. Ferrara, M. R. Perrone, M. L. Protopapa, J. Sancho-Parramon, S. Bosch, and S. Mazzarelli, 'High mechanical damage resistant sol-gel mirror for high power lasers,' in Advances in Optical Thin Films, C. Amra, N. Kaiser, and H.A. Macleod, eds., Proc. SPIE 5250, 537-545 (2004).

Schlichtherle, S.

H. K. Pulker and S. Schlichtherle, 'Density related properties of metal oxide films,' in Advances in Optical Thin Films, C. Amra and N. Kaiser, eds., Proc. SPIE 5250, 1-11 (2004).

Seal, S.

S. Shukla and S. Seal, 'Thermodynamic tetragonal phase stability in sol-gel derived nanodomains of pure zirconia,' J. Phys. Chem. B 108, 3395-3399 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Seromon, P. A.

D. Grosso and P. A. Seromon, 'Scandia optical mirrors for application at 351 nm,' Thin Solid Films 368, 116-124 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Severin, K. G.

K. G. Severin, J. S. Ledford, B. A. Torgerson, and K. A. Berglund, 'Characterization of titanium and zirconium valerate sol-gel films,' Chem. Mater. 6, 890-898 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Shao, J. D.

G. L. Tian, J. B. Huang, T. Wang, H. B. He, and J. D. Shao, 'Microstructure and laser-damage threshold of ZrO2 mirrors dependence on annealing temperature,' Appl. Surf. Sci. 239, 201-208 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. W. Zhang, S. H. Fan, Y. A. Zhao, W. D. Gao, J. D. Shao, R. Y. Fan, Y. J. Wang, and Z. X. Fan, 'High laser-induced damage threshold HfO2 films prepared by ion-assisted electron beam evaporation,' Appl. Surf. Sci. 243, 232-237 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. A. Zhao, T. Wang, D. P. Zhang, S. H. Fan, J. D. Shao, and Z. X. Fan, 'Laser conditioning of ZrO2:Y2O3/SiO2 mirror coatings prepared by E-beam evaporation,' Appl. Surf. Sci. 239, 171-175 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. A. Zhao, W. D. Gao, J. D. Shao, and Z. X. Fan, 'Roles of absorbing defects and structural defects in multilayer under single-shot and multi-shot laser radiation,' Appl. Surf. Sci. 227, 275-281 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Shen, J.

Q. Y. Zhang, J. Shen, J. Wang, G. M. Wu, and L. Y. Chen, 'Sol-gel derived ZrO2-SiO2 highly reflective mirrors,' Int. J. Inorg. Mater. 2, 319-323 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Shukla, S.

S. Shukla and S. Seal, 'Thermodynamic tetragonal phase stability in sol-gel derived nanodomains of pure zirconia,' J. Phys. Chem. B 108, 3395-3399 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sorek, Y.

Y. Sorek, M. Zevin, and R. Reisfeld, 'Zirconia and zirconia-ORMOSIL planar waveguides prepared at room temperature,' Chem. Mater. 9, 670-676 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Strekalov, V. N.

V. N. Strekalov, 'Absorption of laser light by ions as a mechanism of optical damage in solids,' in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G.Exarhos, A.Guenther, M.Kozlowski, K.L. Lewis, and M.J. Soileau, eds., Proc. SPIE 3244, 26-30 (1997).

V. N. Strekalov, 'The path integrals method and description of valence band impact ionization under multiphoton heating of electrons,' in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G. Exarhos, A. Guenther, M. Kozlowski, K.L. Lewis, and M.J. Soileau, eds., Proc. SPIE 3578, 256-263 (1998).

Sun, Y. H.

Y. Xu, L. Zhang, D. Wu, Y. H. Sun, Z. X. Huang, X. D. Jiang, X. F. Wei, Z. H. Li, B. Z. Dong, and Z. H. Wu, 'Durable sol-gel antireflective films with high laser-induced damage thresholds for inertial confinement fusion,' J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 905-912 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. Xu, B. Zhang, W. H. Fan, D. Wu, and Y. H. Sun, 'Sol-gel broadband anti-reflective single-layer silica films with high laser damage threshold,' Thin Solid Films 440, 180-183 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Zhao, W. H. Fan, D. Wu, and Y. H. Sun, 'Synthesis of highly stabilized zirconia sols from zirconium n-propoxide-diglycol system,' J. Non-Cryst. Solids 261, 15-20 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Swanepoel, R.

R. Swanepoel, 'Determination of the thickness and optical constants of amorphous silicon,' J. Phys. E 16, 1214-1222 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Tang, Y. F.

W. C. Liu, D. Wu, A. D. Li, H. Q. Ling, Y. F. Tang, and N. B. Ming, 'Annealing and doping effects on structure and optical properties of sol-gel derived ZrO2 thin films,' Appl. Surf. Sci. 191, 181-187 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Thakur, S.

N. K. Sahoo, S. Thakur, and R. B. Tokas, 'Superior refractive index tailoring properties in composite ZrO2/SiO2 thin film systems achieved through reactive electron beam codeposition process,' Appl. Surf. Sci. 253, 618-626 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Thomas, I.

I. Thomas, 'Preparation of dielectric HR mirrors from colloid oxide suspensions containing organic polymer binders,' in Sol-Gel Optics III, J.D. Mackenzie, ed., Proc. SPIE 2288, 50-55 (1994).

Thomas, I. M.

H. G. Floch, J. P. Priotton, and I. M. Thomas, 'Optical coatings prepared from colloidal media,' Thin Solid Films 175, 173-178 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Tian, G. L.

G. L. Tian, J. B. Huang, T. Wang, H. B. He, and J. D. Shao, 'Microstructure and laser-damage threshold of ZrO2 mirrors dependence on annealing temperature,' Appl. Surf. Sci. 239, 201-208 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tigau, N.

N. Tigau, V. Ciupina, and G. Prodan, 'The effect of substrate temperature on the optical properties of polycrystalline Sb2O3 thin films,' J. Cryst. Growth 277, 529-535 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tokas, R. B.

N. K. Sahoo, S. Thakur, and R. B. Tokas, 'Superior refractive index tailoring properties in composite ZrO2/SiO2 thin film systems achieved through reactive electron beam codeposition process,' Appl. Surf. Sci. 253, 618-626 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Torgerson, B. A.

K. G. Severin, J. S. Ledford, B. A. Torgerson, and K. A. Berglund, 'Characterization of titanium and zirconium valerate sol-gel films,' Chem. Mater. 6, 890-898 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Torres-Martínez, L. M.

L. F. Cueto, E. Sánchez, L. M. Torres-Martínez, and G. A. Hirata, 'On the optical, structural, and morphological properties of ZrO2 and TiO2 dip-coated thin films supported on glass substrates,' Mater. Charact. 55, 263-271 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Turrell, S.

G. Ehrhart, B. Capoen, O. Robbe, Ph. Boy, S. Turrell, and M. Bouazaoui, 'Structural and optical properties of n-propoxide sol-gel derived ZrO2 thin films,' Thin Solid Films 496, 227-233 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tyagi, B.

M. K. Mishra, B. Tyagi, and R. V. Jasra, 'Effect of synthetic parameters on structure, textural, and catalytic properties of nanocrystalline sulfated zirconia prepared by sol-gel technique,' Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 42, 5727-5736 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Valdez-Castro, L.

J. Méndez-Vivar, R. Mendoze-Serna, and L. Valdez-Castro, 'Control of the polymerization process of multicomponent (Si, Ti, Zr) sols using chelating agents,' J. Non-Cryst. Solids 288, 200-209 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J.

Q. Y. Zhang, J. Shen, J. Wang, G. M. Wu, and L. Y. Chen, 'Sol-gel derived ZrO2-SiO2 highly reflective mirrors,' Int. J. Inorg. Mater. 2, 319-323 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Wang, T.

G. L. Tian, J. B. Huang, T. Wang, H. B. He, and J. D. Shao, 'Microstructure and laser-damage threshold of ZrO2 mirrors dependence on annealing temperature,' Appl. Surf. Sci. 239, 201-208 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. A. Zhao, T. Wang, D. P. Zhang, S. H. Fan, J. D. Shao, and Z. X. Fan, 'Laser conditioning of ZrO2:Y2O3/SiO2 mirror coatings prepared by E-beam evaporation,' Appl. Surf. Sci. 239, 171-175 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wang, X.

Y. X. Hao, J. S. Li, X. J. Yang, X. Wang, and L. D. Lu, 'Preparation of ZrO2-Al2O3 composite membrane by sol-gel process and their characterization,' Mater. Sci. Eng., A 367, 243-247 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y. J.

D. W. Zhang, S. H. Fan, Y. A. Zhao, W. D. Gao, J. D. Shao, R. Y. Fan, Y. J. Wang, and Z. X. Fan, 'High laser-induced damage threshold HfO2 films prepared by ion-assisted electron beam evaporation,' Appl. Surf. Sci. 243, 232-237 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wei, X. F.

Wemple, S. H.

S. H. Wemple and M. DiDomenico, Jr., 'Behavior of the electronic dielectric constant in covalent and ionic materials,' Phys. Rev. B 3, 1338-1351 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Wu, D.

Y. Xu, L. Zhang, D. Wu, Y. H. Sun, Z. X. Huang, X. D. Jiang, X. F. Wei, Z. H. Li, B. Z. Dong, and Z. H. Wu, 'Durable sol-gel antireflective films with high laser-induced damage thresholds for inertial confinement fusion,' J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 905-912 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. Xu, B. Zhang, W. H. Fan, D. Wu, and Y. H. Sun, 'Sol-gel broadband anti-reflective single-layer silica films with high laser damage threshold,' Thin Solid Films 440, 180-183 (2003).
[CrossRef]

W. C. Liu, D. Wu, A. D. Li, H. Q. Ling, Y. F. Tang, and N. B. Ming, 'Annealing and doping effects on structure and optical properties of sol-gel derived ZrO2 thin films,' Appl. Surf. Sci. 191, 181-187 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Zhao, W. H. Fan, D. Wu, and Y. H. Sun, 'Synthesis of highly stabilized zirconia sols from zirconium n-propoxide-diglycol system,' J. Non-Cryst. Solids 261, 15-20 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Wu, G. M.

Q. Y. Zhang, J. Shen, J. Wang, G. M. Wu, and L. Y. Chen, 'Sol-gel derived ZrO2-SiO2 highly reflective mirrors,' Int. J. Inorg. Mater. 2, 319-323 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Wu, Z. H.

Xin, Q.

M. J. Li, Z. C. Feng, G. Xiong, P. L. Ying, Q. Xin, and C. Li, 'Phase transformation in the surface region of zirconia detected by UV Raman spectroscopy,' J. Phys. Chem. B 105, 8107-8111 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Xiong, G.

M. J. Li, Z. C. Feng, G. Xiong, P. L. Ying, Q. Xin, and C. Li, 'Phase transformation in the surface region of zirconia detected by UV Raman spectroscopy,' J. Phys. Chem. B 105, 8107-8111 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Xu, Y.

Yang, X. J.

Y. X. Hao, J. S. Li, X. J. Yang, X. Wang, and L. D. Lu, 'Preparation of ZrO2-Al2O3 composite membrane by sol-gel process and their characterization,' Mater. Sci. Eng., A 367, 243-247 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ye, C. F.

W. M. Liu, Y. X. Chen, C. F. Ye, and P. Y. Zhang, 'Preparation and characterization of doped sol-gel zirconia films,' Ceram. Int. 28, 349-354 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ying, P. L.

M. J. Li, Z. C. Feng, G. Xiong, P. L. Ying, Q. Xin, and C. Li, 'Phase transformation in the surface region of zirconia detected by UV Raman spectroscopy,' J. Phys. Chem. B 105, 8107-8111 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Zevin, M.

Y. Sorek, M. Zevin, and R. Reisfeld, 'Zirconia and zirconia-ORMOSIL planar waveguides prepared at room temperature,' Chem. Mater. 9, 670-676 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, B.

Y. Xu, B. Zhang, W. H. Fan, D. Wu, and Y. H. Sun, 'Sol-gel broadband anti-reflective single-layer silica films with high laser damage threshold,' Thin Solid Films 440, 180-183 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, D. P.

Y. A. Zhao, T. Wang, D. P. Zhang, S. H. Fan, J. D. Shao, and Z. X. Fan, 'Laser conditioning of ZrO2:Y2O3/SiO2 mirror coatings prepared by E-beam evaporation,' Appl. Surf. Sci. 239, 171-175 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, D. W.

D. W. Zhang, S. H. Fan, Y. A. Zhao, W. D. Gao, J. D. Shao, R. Y. Fan, Y. J. Wang, and Z. X. Fan, 'High laser-induced damage threshold HfO2 films prepared by ion-assisted electron beam evaporation,' Appl. Surf. Sci. 243, 232-237 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, L.

Zhang, P. Y.

W. M. Liu, Y. X. Chen, C. F. Ye, and P. Y. Zhang, 'Preparation and characterization of doped sol-gel zirconia films,' Ceram. Int. 28, 349-354 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Q. Y.

Q. Y. Zhang, J. Shen, J. Wang, G. M. Wu, and L. Y. Chen, 'Sol-gel derived ZrO2-SiO2 highly reflective mirrors,' Int. J. Inorg. Mater. 2, 319-323 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, J. P.

J. P. Zhao, W. H. Fan, D. Wu, and Y. H. Sun, 'Synthesis of highly stabilized zirconia sols from zirconium n-propoxide-diglycol system,' J. Non-Cryst. Solids 261, 15-20 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, Y. A.

Y. A. Zhao, T. Wang, D. P. Zhang, S. H. Fan, J. D. Shao, and Z. X. Fan, 'Laser conditioning of ZrO2:Y2O3/SiO2 mirror coatings prepared by E-beam evaporation,' Appl. Surf. Sci. 239, 171-175 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. W. Zhang, S. H. Fan, Y. A. Zhao, W. D. Gao, J. D. Shao, R. Y. Fan, Y. J. Wang, and Z. X. Fan, 'High laser-induced damage threshold HfO2 films prepared by ion-assisted electron beam evaporation,' Appl. Surf. Sci. 243, 232-237 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. A. Zhao, W. D. Gao, J. D. Shao, and Z. X. Fan, 'Roles of absorbing defects and structural defects in multilayer under single-shot and multi-shot laser radiation,' Appl. Surf. Sci. 227, 275-281 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, Z. Q.

D. Li, Z. Q. Zhu, X. Y. Fu, and F. M. Qiu, 'Relations between the laser induced damage to optical thin film and the material band-gap,' Opto-Electron. Eng. 26, 58-62 (1999).

Appl. Surf. Sci. (6)

G. L. Tian, J. B. Huang, T. Wang, H. B. He, and J. D. Shao, 'Microstructure and laser-damage threshold of ZrO2 mirrors dependence on annealing temperature,' Appl. Surf. Sci. 239, 201-208 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. W. Zhang, S. H. Fan, Y. A. Zhao, W. D. Gao, J. D. Shao, R. Y. Fan, Y. J. Wang, and Z. X. Fan, 'High laser-induced damage threshold HfO2 films prepared by ion-assisted electron beam evaporation,' Appl. Surf. Sci. 243, 232-237 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. A. Zhao, W. D. Gao, J. D. Shao, and Z. X. Fan, 'Roles of absorbing defects and structural defects in multilayer under single-shot and multi-shot laser radiation,' Appl. Surf. Sci. 227, 275-281 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Y. A. Zhao, T. Wang, D. P. Zhang, S. H. Fan, J. D. Shao, and Z. X. Fan, 'Laser conditioning of ZrO2:Y2O3/SiO2 mirror coatings prepared by E-beam evaporation,' Appl. Surf. Sci. 239, 171-175 (2005).
[CrossRef]

W. C. Liu, D. Wu, A. D. Li, H. Q. Ling, Y. F. Tang, and N. B. Ming, 'Annealing and doping effects on structure and optical properties of sol-gel derived ZrO2 thin films,' Appl. Surf. Sci. 191, 181-187 (2002).
[CrossRef]

N. K. Sahoo, S. Thakur, and R. B. Tokas, 'Superior refractive index tailoring properties in composite ZrO2/SiO2 thin film systems achieved through reactive electron beam codeposition process,' Appl. Surf. Sci. 253, 618-626 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ceram. Int. (1)

W. M. Liu, Y. X. Chen, C. F. Ye, and P. Y. Zhang, 'Preparation and characterization of doped sol-gel zirconia films,' Ceram. Int. 28, 349-354 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Mater. (3)

G. S. Kathryn and S. L. Jeffrey, 'Characterization of titanium and zirconium valerate sol-gel films,' Chem. Mater. 6, 890-898 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Y. Sorek, M. Zevin, and R. Reisfeld, 'Zirconia and zirconia-ORMOSIL planar waveguides prepared at room temperature,' Chem. Mater. 9, 670-676 (1997).
[CrossRef]

K. G. Severin, J. S. Ledford, B. A. Torgerson, and K. A. Berglund, 'Characterization of titanium and zirconium valerate sol-gel films,' Chem. Mater. 6, 890-898 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. (1)

M. K. Mishra, B. Tyagi, and R. V. Jasra, 'Effect of synthetic parameters on structure, textural, and catalytic properties of nanocrystalline sulfated zirconia prepared by sol-gel technique,' Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 42, 5727-5736 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Int. J. Inorg. Mater. (1)

Q. Y. Zhang, J. Shen, J. Wang, G. M. Wu, and L. Y. Chen, 'Sol-gel derived ZrO2-SiO2 highly reflective mirrors,' Int. J. Inorg. Mater. 2, 319-323 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Cryst. Growth (1)

N. Tigau, V. Ciupina, and G. Prodan, 'The effect of substrate temperature on the optical properties of polycrystalline Sb2O3 thin films,' J. Cryst. Growth 277, 529-535 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (3)

J. Méndez-Vivar, R. Mendoze-Serna, and L. Valdez-Castro, 'Control of the polymerization process of multicomponent (Si, Ti, Zr) sols using chelating agents,' J. Non-Cryst. Solids 288, 200-209 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Zhao, W. H. Fan, D. Wu, and Y. H. Sun, 'Synthesis of highly stabilized zirconia sols from zirconium n-propoxide-diglycol system,' J. Non-Cryst. Solids 261, 15-20 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. M. González-Leal, R. Prieto-Alcón, J. A. Angel, and E. Márquez, 'Optical properties of thermally evaporated amorphous As40S60-xSex films,' J. Non-Cryst. Solids 315, 134-143 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

J. Phys. Chem. B (2)

S. Shukla and S. Seal, 'Thermodynamic tetragonal phase stability in sol-gel derived nanodomains of pure zirconia,' J. Phys. Chem. B 108, 3395-3399 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Li, Z. C. Feng, G. Xiong, P. L. Ying, Q. Xin, and C. Li, 'Phase transformation in the surface region of zirconia detected by UV Raman spectroscopy,' J. Phys. Chem. B 105, 8107-8111 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. E (2)

R. Swanepoel, 'Determination of the thickness and optical constants of amorphous silicon,' J. Phys. E 16, 1214-1222 (1983).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Manifacier, J. Gasiot, and J. P. Fillard, 'A simple method for the determination of the optical constants n,k and the thickness of a weakly absorbing thin film,' J. Phys. E 9, 1002-1004 (1976).
[CrossRef]

J. Sol-Gel Sci. Technol. (1)

Ph. Belleville, C. Bonnin, and J. J. Priotton, 'Room-temperature mirror preparation using sol-gel chemistry and laminar-flow coating technique,' J. Sol-Gel Sci. Technol. 19, 223-226 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Mater. Charact. (1)

L. F. Cueto, E. Sánchez, L. M. Torres-Martínez, and G. A. Hirata, 'On the optical, structural, and morphological properties of ZrO2 and TiO2 dip-coated thin films supported on glass substrates,' Mater. Charact. 55, 263-271 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mater. Lett. (1)

S. Jana and P. K. Biswas, 'Characterization of oxygen deficiency and trivalent zirconium in sol-gel derived zirconia films,' Mater. Lett. 30, 53-58 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Mater. Sci. Eng., A (1)

Y. X. Hao, J. S. Li, X. J. Yang, X. Wang, and L. D. Lu, 'Preparation of ZrO2-Al2O3 composite membrane by sol-gel process and their characterization,' Mater. Sci. Eng., A 367, 243-247 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Mater. Sci. Eng., B (1)

S. Bhaskar, S. B. Majumder, M. Jain, P. S. Dobal, and R. S. Katiyar, 'Studies on the structural, microstructural and optical properties of sol-gel derived lead lanthanum titanate thin films,' Mater. Sci. Eng., B 87, 178-190 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Opto-Electron. Eng. (1)

D. Li, Z. Q. Zhu, X. Y. Fu, and F. M. Qiu, 'Relations between the laser induced damage to optical thin film and the material band-gap,' Opto-Electron. Eng. 26, 58-62 (1999).

Phys. Rev. B (1)

S. H. Wemple and M. DiDomenico, Jr., 'Behavior of the electronic dielectric constant in covalent and ionic materials,' Phys. Rev. B 3, 1338-1351 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Solid State Commun. (1)

D. Pamu, M. Ghanashyam Krishna, K. C. James Raju, and A. K. Bhatnagar, 'Ambient temperature growth of nanocrystalline titanium dioxide thin films,' Solid State Commun. 135, 7-10 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Thin Solid Films (7)

R. Brenier and A. Gagnaire, 'Densification and aging of ZrO2 films prepared by sol-gel,' Thin Solid Films 392, 142-148 (2001).
[CrossRef]

D. Grosso and P. A. Seromon, 'Scandia optical mirrors for application at 351 nm,' Thin Solid Films 368, 116-124 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Y. Xu, B. Zhang, W. H. Fan, D. Wu, and Y. H. Sun, 'Sol-gel broadband anti-reflective single-layer silica films with high laser damage threshold,' Thin Solid Films 440, 180-183 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Reichling, A. Bodemann, and N. Kaiser, 'Defect induced laser damage in oxide multilayer mirrors for 248 nm,' Thin Solid Films 320, 264-279 (1998).
[CrossRef]

G. Ehrhart, B. Capoen, O. Robbe, Ph. Boy, S. Turrell, and M. Bouazaoui, 'Structural and optical properties of n-propoxide sol-gel derived ZrO2 thin films,' Thin Solid Films 496, 227-233 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. G. Floch, J. P. Priotton, and I. M. Thomas, 'Optical coatings prepared from colloidal media,' Thin Solid Films 175, 173-178 (1989).
[CrossRef]

A. Hartridge, M. Ghanashyam Krishna, and A. K. Bhattacharya, 'Temperature and ionic size dependence on the structure and optical properties of nanocrystalline lanthanide doped zirconia thin films,' Thin Solid Films 384, 254-260 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Other (7)

M. C. Ferrara, M. R. Perrone, M. L. Protopapa, J. Sancho-Parramon, S. Bosch, and S. Mazzarelli, 'High mechanical damage resistant sol-gel mirror for high power lasers,' in Advances in Optical Thin Films, C. Amra, N. Kaiser, and H.A. Macleod, eds., Proc. SPIE 5250, 537-545 (2004).

Ph. Belleville, Ph. Prené, C. Bonnin, L. Beaurain, Y. Montouillout, and É. Lavastre, 'How smooth chemistry allows high power laser optical coating preparation,' in Advances in Optical Thin Films, C. Amra, N. Kaiser, and H.A. Macleod, eds. Proc. SPIE 5250, 196-202 (2004).

I. Thomas, 'Preparation of dielectric HR mirrors from colloid oxide suspensions containing organic polymer binders,' in Sol-Gel Optics III, J.D. Mackenzie, ed., Proc. SPIE 2288, 50-55 (1994).

V. N. Strekalov, 'Absorption of laser light by ions as a mechanism of optical damage in solids,' in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G.Exarhos, A.Guenther, M.Kozlowski, K.L. Lewis, and M.J. Soileau, eds., Proc. SPIE 3244, 26-30 (1997).

V. N. Strekalov, 'The path integrals method and description of valence band impact ionization under multiphoton heating of electrons,' in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G. Exarhos, A. Guenther, M. Kozlowski, K.L. Lewis, and M.J. Soileau, eds., Proc. SPIE 3578, 256-263 (1998).

C. W. Carr, H. B. Radousky, and S. G. Demos, 'Experimental study of wavelength dependent damage threshold in DKDP,' in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G. Exarhos, A. Guenther, N. Kaiser, K.L. Lewis, M.J. Soileau, C.J. Stolz, A. Giesen, and H. Weber, eds., Proc. SPIE 4932, 385-389 (2003).

H. K. Pulker and S. Schlichtherle, 'Density related properties of metal oxide films,' in Advances in Optical Thin Films, C. Amra and N. Kaiser, eds., Proc. SPIE 5250, 1-11 (2004).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the testing optics of LIDT:B, calorimeter; C, photodiode; M1, M2, mirrors.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

A typical transmission spectrum of Zr O 2 films, FI550. T M and T m denote the upper and lower envelope curves, respectively.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Spectral dependence of the refractive indices and a typical plot of the refractive-index factor ( n 2 1 ) 1 versus ( h v ) 2 (inset) of Zr O 2 films. The scattered dots are determined from the weak and medium absorption regions of the transmission spectra according to the envelope method. The broken curves are obtained by extrapolation based on the WDD dispersion model.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Spectral dependence of the absorption coefficients and the determination of optical bandgap from the plots of ( α h v ) 2 versus photon energy, h v for Zr O 2 films.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Representative morphologies of the damaged region obtained by a Normarski microscope. (a) FII020, (b) FII350, (c) FII550.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

LIDT values of Zr O 2 films (at 1053 nm wavelength, 10 ns pulse duration, and R/1 mode). (a) FII020, (b) FII150, (c) FII350, (d) FII450, (e) FII550, (f) FII650, (g) FII750. (Uncertainty of the measurement of LIDT is estimated to be ± 1 J cm 2 .)

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

XRD patterns of Zr O 2 films annealed at various temperatures.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

FTIR spectra of Zr O 2 powders scraped from the corresponding films. (a) FII020, (b) FII350, (c) FII450, (d) FII550, (e) FII750.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

TG/DSC curves of the xerogel powder scraped from the unannealed Zr O 2 film.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Structural and Optical Parameters of Zr O 2 Films a

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

n 2 ( h ν ) = 1 + E 0 E d E 0 2 ( h ν ) 2 ,
α h ν = A ( h ν E g ) p ,

Metrics