Abstract

The optical parametric chirped pulse amplication (OPCPA) concept has been extended to the infrared range, providing a new approach, to our knowledge, to high-power femtosecond pulses in the 1.5μm range. This amplifier is based on 1.05μm pumping of bulk KTiOAsO4 with broadband phase matching in a noncollinear geometry. The output pulse energy of 1mJ was generated with 50nm of bandwidth by 3.8mJ of pump energy from a 100ps, 1kHz Nd:YLF amplified laser. Total gain of 108 was achieved in three stages with 32% conversion of the pump energy in the final amplifier stage. Amplified pulses were compressed to 130fs with peak intensities of 3.85GW.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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2006 (2)

D. Kraemer, R. Hua, M. L. Cowan, K. Franjic, and R. J. D. Miller, "Ultrafast noncollinear optical parametric chirped pulse amplification in KTiOAsO4," Opt. Lett. 31, 981-983 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Liu, W. Zhao, Y. Yang, H. Wang, Y. Wang, and G. Chen, "Matching of both group-velocity and pulse-front for ultrabroadband three-wave-mixing with noncollinear angularly dispersed geometry," Appl. Phys. B 82, 585-594 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (4)

2004 (3)

2003 (1)

2002 (3)

I. N. Ross, P. Matousek, G. H. C. New, and K. Osvay, "Analysis and optimization of optical parametric chirped pulse amplification," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 2945-2956 (2002).
[CrossRef]

F. Rotermund, V. Petrov, F. Noack, V. Pasiskevicius, J. Hellstrom, E. Laurell, H. Hundertmark, P. Adel, and C. Fallnich, "Compact all-diode-pumped femtosecond laser source based on chirped pulse optical parametric amplification in periodically poled KTiOPO4," Electron. Lett. 38, 561-563 (2002).
[CrossRef]

X. D. Yang, Z. Z. Xu, Y. X. Leng, H. H. Lu, L. H. Lin, Z. Q. Zhang, R. X. Li, W. Q. Zhang, D. J. Yin, and B. Tang, "Multiterawatt laser system based on optical parametric chirped pulse amplification," Opt. Lett. 27, 1135-1137 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (2)

H. J. Liu, G. F. Chen, W. Zhao, Y. S. Wang, T. Wang, and S. H. Zhao, "Phase matching analysis of noncollinear optical parametric process in nonlinear anisotropic crystals," Opt. Commun. 197, 507-514 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. R. Armstrong, P. Plachta, E. A. Ponomarev, and R. J. D. Miller, "Versatile 7-fs optical parametric pulse generation and compression by use of adaptive optics," Opt. Lett. 26, 1152-1154 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

1997 (2)

T. Seideman, "Manipulating external degrees of freedom with intense light: laser focusing and trapping of molecules," J. Chem. Phys. 106, 2881-2892 (1997).
[CrossRef]

I. N. Ross, M. Trentelman, and C. N. Danson, "Optimization of a chirped-pulse amplification Nd:glass laser," Appl. Opt. 36, 9348-9358 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1995 (4)

1994 (1)

T. J. Driscoll, G. M. Gale, and F. Hache, "Ti:sapphire 2nd-harmonic-pumped visible range femtosecond optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Commun. 110, 638-644 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

P. B. Corkum, "Plasma perspective on strong-field multiphoton ionization," Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 1994-1997 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1992 (1)

A. Dubietis, G. Jonusauskas, and A. Piskarskas, "Powerful femtosecond pulse generation by chirped and stretched pulse parametric amplification in BBO crystal," Opt. Commun. 88, 437-440 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

M. J. W. Rodwell, D. M. Bloom, and K. J. Weingarten, "Subpicosecond laser timing stabilization," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 817-827 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1962 (1)

J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, and P. S. Pershan, "Interactions between light waves in a nonlinear dielectric," Phys. Rev. 127, 1918-1939 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Adel, P.

F. Rotermund, V. Petrov, F. Noack, V. Pasiskevicius, J. Hellstrom, E. Laurell, H. Hundertmark, P. Adel, and C. Fallnich, "Compact all-diode-pumped femtosecond laser source based on chirped pulse optical parametric amplification in periodically poled KTiOPO4," Electron. Lett. 38, 561-563 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Adler, F.

Afeyan, B.

Alford, W. J.

Arbore, M. A.

Armstrong, D. J.

Armstrong, J. A.

J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, and P. S. Pershan, "Interactions between light waves in a nonlinear dielectric," Phys. Rev. 127, 1918-1939 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Armstrong, M. R.

Bloembergen, N.

J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, and P. S. Pershan, "Interactions between light waves in a nonlinear dielectric," Phys. Rev. 127, 1918-1939 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Bloom, D. M.

M. J. W. Rodwell, D. M. Bloom, and K. J. Weingarten, "Subpicosecond laser timing stabilization," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 817-827 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Bortz, M. L.

Cameron, S. M.

Charbonneau-Lefort, M.

Chen, G.

H. Liu, W. Zhao, Y. Yang, H. Wang, Y. Wang, and G. Chen, "Matching of both group-velocity and pulse-front for ultrabroadband three-wave-mixing with noncollinear angularly dispersed geometry," Appl. Phys. B 82, 585-594 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chen, G. F.

H. J. Liu, W. Zhao, G. F. Chen, Y. S. Wang, L. J. Yu, C. Ruan, and K. Q. Lu, "Experimental and theoretical analysis of nondegenerate ultrabroadband chirped pulse optical parametric amplification," Chin. Phys. Lett. 21, 94-97 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. J. Liu, G. F. Chen, W. Zhao, Y. S. Wang, T. Wang, and S. H. Zhao, "Phase matching analysis of noncollinear optical parametric process in nonlinear anisotropic crystals," Opt. Commun. 197, 507-514 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Chin, S. L.

Corkum, P. B.

P. B. Corkum, "Plasma perspective on strong-field multiphoton ionization," Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 1994-1997 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cowan, M. L.

Danson, C. N.

Driscoll, T. J.

T. J. Driscoll, G. M. Gale, and F. Hache, "Ti:sapphire 2nd-harmonic-pumped visible range femtosecond optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Commun. 110, 638-644 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Dubietis, A.

A. Dubietis, G. Jonusauskas, and A. Piskarskas, "Powerful femtosecond pulse generation by chirped and stretched pulse parametric amplification in BBO crystal," Opt. Commun. 88, 437-440 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Ducuing, J.

J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, and P. S. Pershan, "Interactions between light waves in a nonlinear dielectric," Phys. Rev. 127, 1918-1939 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Eikema, K. S. E.

Fallnich, C.

F. Rotermund, V. Petrov, F. Noack, V. Pasiskevicius, J. Hellstrom, E. Laurell, H. Hundertmark, P. Adel, and C. Fallnich, "Compact all-diode-pumped femtosecond laser source based on chirped pulse optical parametric amplification in periodically poled KTiOPO4," Electron. Lett. 38, 561-563 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Fejer, M. M.

Fenimore, D. L.

Franjic, K.

Gale, G. M.

T. J. Driscoll, G. M. Gale, and F. Hache, "Ti:sapphire 2nd-harmonic-pumped visible range femtosecond optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Commun. 110, 638-644 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Galvanauskas, A.

Hache, F.

T. J. Driscoll, G. M. Gale, and F. Hache, "Ti:sapphire 2nd-harmonic-pumped visible range femtosecond optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Commun. 110, 638-644 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Hariharan, A.

Harter, D.

Haus, H. A.

K. Tamura, E. P. Ippen, and H. A. Haus, "Pulse dynamics in stretched-pulse fiber lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 158-160 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Hellstrom, J.

F. Rotermund, V. Petrov, F. Noack, V. Pasiskevicius, J. Hellstrom, E. Laurell, H. Hundertmark, P. Adel, and C. Fallnich, "Compact all-diode-pumped femtosecond laser source based on chirped pulse optical parametric amplification in periodically poled KTiOPO4," Electron. Lett. 38, 561-563 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hogervorst, W.

Hua, R.

Hundertmark, H.

F. Rotermund, V. Petrov, F. Noack, V. Pasiskevicius, J. Hellstrom, E. Laurell, H. Hundertmark, P. Adel, and C. Fallnich, "Compact all-diode-pumped femtosecond laser source based on chirped pulse optical parametric amplification in periodically poled KTiOPO4," Electron. Lett. 38, 561-563 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ippen, E. P.

K. Tamura, E. P. Ippen, and H. A. Haus, "Pulse dynamics in stretched-pulse fiber lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 158-160 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Jonusauskas, G.

A. Dubietis, G. Jonusauskas, and A. Piskarskas, "Powerful femtosecond pulse generation by chirped and stretched pulse parametric amplification in BBO crystal," Opt. Commun. 88, 437-440 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Kitamura, K.

Koechner, W.

W. Koechner, Solid-State Laser Engineering (Springer-Verlag, 1999).

Kraemer, D.

Kurimura, S.

Laurell, E.

F. Rotermund, V. Petrov, F. Noack, V. Pasiskevicius, J. Hellstrom, E. Laurell, H. Hundertmark, P. Adel, and C. Fallnich, "Compact all-diode-pumped femtosecond laser source based on chirped pulse optical parametric amplification in periodically poled KTiOPO4," Electron. Lett. 38, 561-563 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Law, R. J.

Leitenstorfer, A.

Leng, Y. X.

Li, R. X.

Lin, L. H.

Liu, H.

H. Liu, W. Zhao, Y. Yang, H. Wang, Y. Wang, and G. Chen, "Matching of both group-velocity and pulse-front for ultrabroadband three-wave-mixing with noncollinear angularly dispersed geometry," Appl. Phys. B 82, 585-594 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Liu, H. J.

H. J. Liu, W. Zhao, G. F. Chen, Y. S. Wang, L. J. Yu, C. Ruan, and K. Q. Lu, "Experimental and theoretical analysis of nondegenerate ultrabroadband chirped pulse optical parametric amplification," Chin. Phys. Lett. 21, 94-97 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. J. Liu, G. F. Chen, W. Zhao, Y. S. Wang, T. Wang, and S. H. Zhao, "Phase matching analysis of noncollinear optical parametric process in nonlinear anisotropic crystals," Opt. Commun. 197, 507-514 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Liu, J. M.

Lu, H. H.

Lu, K. Q.

H. J. Liu, W. Zhao, G. F. Chen, Y. S. Wang, L. J. Yu, C. Ruan, and K. Q. Lu, "Experimental and theoretical analysis of nondegenerate ultrabroadband chirped pulse optical parametric amplification," Chin. Phys. Lett. 21, 94-97 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Luk, T. S.

Matousek, P.

Mcpherson, S. R.

Miller, R. J. D.

New, G. H. C.

Noack, F.

F. Rotermund, C. J. Yoon, V. Petrov, F. Noack, S. Kurimura, N. E. Yu, and K. Kitamura, "Application of periodically poled stoichiometric LiTaO3 for efficient optical parametric chirped pulse amplification at 1 Khz," Opt. Express 12, 6421-6427 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Rotermund, V. Petrov, F. Noack, V. Pasiskevicius, J. Hellstrom, E. Laurell, H. Hundertmark, P. Adel, and C. Fallnich, "Compact all-diode-pumped femtosecond laser source based on chirped pulse optical parametric amplification in periodically poled KTiOPO4," Electron. Lett. 38, 561-563 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Osvay, K.

Pasiskevicius, V.

F. Rotermund, V. Petrov, F. Noack, V. Pasiskevicius, J. Hellstrom, E. Laurell, H. Hundertmark, P. Adel, and C. Fallnich, "Compact all-diode-pumped femtosecond laser source based on chirped pulse optical parametric amplification in periodically poled KTiOPO4," Electron. Lett. 38, 561-563 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Pershan, P. S.

J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, and P. S. Pershan, "Interactions between light waves in a nonlinear dielectric," Phys. Rev. 127, 1918-1939 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Petrov, V.

F. Rotermund, C. J. Yoon, V. Petrov, F. Noack, S. Kurimura, N. E. Yu, and K. Kitamura, "Application of periodically poled stoichiometric LiTaO3 for efficient optical parametric chirped pulse amplification at 1 Khz," Opt. Express 12, 6421-6427 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Rotermund, V. Petrov, F. Noack, V. Pasiskevicius, J. Hellstrom, E. Laurell, H. Hundertmark, P. Adel, and C. Fallnich, "Compact all-diode-pumped femtosecond laser source based on chirped pulse optical parametric amplification in periodically poled KTiOPO4," Electron. Lett. 38, 561-563 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Piskarskas, A.

A. Dubietis, G. Jonusauskas, and A. Piskarskas, "Powerful femtosecond pulse generation by chirped and stretched pulse parametric amplification in BBO crystal," Opt. Commun. 88, 437-440 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Plachta, P.

Ponomarev, E. A.

Pyo, S. J.

Ramabadran, U. B.

Rodwell, M. J. W.

M. J. W. Rodwell, D. M. Bloom, and K. J. Weingarten, "Subpicosecond laser timing stabilization," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 817-827 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Ross, I. N.

Rotermund, F.

F. Rotermund, C. J. Yoon, V. Petrov, F. Noack, S. Kurimura, N. E. Yu, and K. Kitamura, "Application of periodically poled stoichiometric LiTaO3 for efficient optical parametric chirped pulse amplification at 1 Khz," Opt. Express 12, 6421-6427 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Rotermund, V. Petrov, F. Noack, V. Pasiskevicius, J. Hellstrom, E. Laurell, H. Hundertmark, P. Adel, and C. Fallnich, "Compact all-diode-pumped femtosecond laser source based on chirped pulse optical parametric amplification in periodically poled KTiOPO4," Electron. Lett. 38, 561-563 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ruan, C.

H. J. Liu, W. Zhao, G. F. Chen, Y. S. Wang, L. J. Yu, C. Ruan, and K. Q. Lu, "Experimental and theoretical analysis of nondegenerate ultrabroadband chirped pulse optical parametric amplification," Chin. Phys. Lett. 21, 94-97 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Rudd, J. V.

Saliminia, A.

Schepler, K. L.

Seideman, T.

T. Seideman, "Manipulating external degrees of freedom with intense light: laser focusing and trapping of molecules," J. Chem. Phys. 106, 2881-2892 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Smith, A. V.

Tamura, K.

K. Tamura, E. P. Ippen, and H. A. Haus, "Pulse dynamics in stretched-pulse fiber lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 158-160 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Tang, B.

Tauser, F.

Trentelman, M.

Vallee, R.

Wang, H.

H. Liu, W. Zhao, Y. Yang, H. Wang, Y. Wang, and G. Chen, "Matching of both group-velocity and pulse-front for ultrabroadband three-wave-mixing with noncollinear angularly dispersed geometry," Appl. Phys. B 82, 585-594 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wang, T.

H. J. Liu, G. F. Chen, W. Zhao, Y. S. Wang, T. Wang, and S. H. Zhao, "Phase matching analysis of noncollinear optical parametric process in nonlinear anisotropic crystals," Opt. Commun. 197, 507-514 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y.

H. Liu, W. Zhao, Y. Yang, H. Wang, Y. Wang, and G. Chen, "Matching of both group-velocity and pulse-front for ultrabroadband three-wave-mixing with noncollinear angularly dispersed geometry," Appl. Phys. B 82, 585-594 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y. S.

H. J. Liu, W. Zhao, G. F. Chen, Y. S. Wang, L. J. Yu, C. Ruan, and K. Q. Lu, "Experimental and theoretical analysis of nondegenerate ultrabroadband chirped pulse optical parametric amplification," Chin. Phys. Lett. 21, 94-97 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. J. Liu, G. F. Chen, W. Zhao, Y. S. Wang, T. Wang, and S. H. Zhao, "Phase matching analysis of noncollinear optical parametric process in nonlinear anisotropic crystals," Opt. Commun. 197, 507-514 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Weingarten, K. J.

M. J. W. Rodwell, D. M. Bloom, and K. J. Weingarten, "Subpicosecond laser timing stabilization," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 817-827 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Witte, S.

Xu, Z. Z.

Yang, X. D.

Yang, Y.

H. Liu, W. Zhao, Y. Yang, H. Wang, Y. Wang, and G. Chen, "Matching of both group-velocity and pulse-front for ultrabroadband three-wave-mixing with noncollinear angularly dispersed geometry," Appl. Phys. B 82, 585-594 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yin, D. J.

Yoon, C. J.

Yu, L. J.

H. J. Liu, W. Zhao, G. F. Chen, Y. S. Wang, L. J. Yu, C. Ruan, and K. Q. Lu, "Experimental and theoretical analysis of nondegenerate ultrabroadband chirped pulse optical parametric amplification," Chin. Phys. Lett. 21, 94-97 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yu, N. E.

Zhang, W. Q.

Zhang, Z. Q.

Zhao, S. H.

H. J. Liu, G. F. Chen, W. Zhao, Y. S. Wang, T. Wang, and S. H. Zhao, "Phase matching analysis of noncollinear optical parametric process in nonlinear anisotropic crystals," Opt. Commun. 197, 507-514 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, W.

H. Liu, W. Zhao, Y. Yang, H. Wang, Y. Wang, and G. Chen, "Matching of both group-velocity and pulse-front for ultrabroadband three-wave-mixing with noncollinear angularly dispersed geometry," Appl. Phys. B 82, 585-594 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. J. Liu, W. Zhao, G. F. Chen, Y. S. Wang, L. J. Yu, C. Ruan, and K. Q. Lu, "Experimental and theoretical analysis of nondegenerate ultrabroadband chirped pulse optical parametric amplification," Chin. Phys. Lett. 21, 94-97 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. J. Liu, G. F. Chen, W. Zhao, Y. S. Wang, T. Wang, and S. H. Zhao, "Phase matching analysis of noncollinear optical parametric process in nonlinear anisotropic crystals," Opt. Commun. 197, 507-514 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, G. D.

Zinkstok, R. T.

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

H. Liu, W. Zhao, Y. Yang, H. Wang, Y. Wang, and G. Chen, "Matching of both group-velocity and pulse-front for ultrabroadband three-wave-mixing with noncollinear angularly dispersed geometry," Appl. Phys. B 82, 585-594 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

K. Tamura, E. P. Ippen, and H. A. Haus, "Pulse dynamics in stretched-pulse fiber lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 158-160 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Chin. Phys. Lett. (1)

H. J. Liu, W. Zhao, G. F. Chen, Y. S. Wang, L. J. Yu, C. Ruan, and K. Q. Lu, "Experimental and theoretical analysis of nondegenerate ultrabroadband chirped pulse optical parametric amplification," Chin. Phys. Lett. 21, 94-97 (2004).
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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Phase-matching angle versus wavelength in the X Z plane of KTA with 1.053 μ m pumping for noncollinear angles (left to right): 0°, 1°, 1.5°, 2°, 2.5°, 3°, 3.5°, 4°, 4.5°, 5°.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Characteristics of type II parametric amplification in the X Z plane of KTA: (a) collinear bandwidth versus wavelength; (b) amplification bandwidth around 1.56 μ m as a function of noncollinear angle for 1.053 μ m pumping at θ = 46 ° . The points are experimental data.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Schematic diagram of OPCPA layout. Dotted lines are electronic connections. DCF, dispersion-compensating fiber; SMF, single-mode fiber with isolator; PD, photodiode; PLL, phase-locked loop; G1, G2, G3, gratings; SM, spherical mirror; RR, retroreflector; NOPA, noncollinear optical parametric amplifier.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Single-pass gain measured through 15 mm of KTA as a function of pump peak intensity inside the crystal. (b) Output power of the three-stage amplifier versus pump power measured relative to the input of the final stage.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Spectrum of the 1.55 μ m pulses before and after amplification. (b) Two-photon autocorrelation before and after amplification shows a compressed pulse duration of 130 fs .

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(a) SHG-FROG of the amplified pulses after compression. (b) Retrieved electric field and phase.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Spatial beam profile after compression, taken with two-photon absorption on a Si CCD camera.

Equations (11)

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Δ k = k p k s k i = 0 ,
n x < n y < n z .
n y p λ p = n z s λ s cos α + n y i λ i cos β ,
β = arcsin ( λ i n y p λ p n y i sin α ) α ,
sin θ p = n z s n y p λ p cos α n y i λ i cos ( α + β ) ×
{ ( n x s λ q ) 2 [ n y p λ p cos α n y i λ i cos ( α + β ) ] 2 ( n x s ) 2 ( n z s ) 2 } .
Δ λ = { λ 2 GVM si c l c 1 GVM si 0 0.8 λ 2 c g si l c 1 GVM si = 0 } ,
GVM si = ( v i 1 v s 1 ) 1 ,
1 GVM si = 1 ν i cos ( α + β ) 1 ν s .
I p = [ ln ( 4 G ) 2 g l c ] 2 ,
g = 8 π 2 d eff 2 λ s λ i n s n i n p ϵ 0 c ,

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