Abstract

We report on the frequency doubling of a Ti:Sa laser at a wavelength of 852nm, corresponding to the cesium D2 line, using a periodically poled KTP crystal (PPKTP) placed in a singly resonant ring cavity. We have obtained a maximum stable power of 330mW for a mode-matched power of 600mW (η=55%). This is, to our knowledge, the highest power obtained at this wavelength with PPKTP; moreover, the setup is inherently simple and robust.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  3. A. Dantan, A. Bramati, and M. Pinard, "Atomic quantum memory: cavity versus single-pass schemes," Phys. Rev. A 71, 043801 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  6. S. Suzuki, H. Yonezawa, F. Kannari, M. Sasaki, and A. Furusawa, "7 dB quadrature squeezing at 860 nm with periodically-poled KTiOPO4," http://arxiv.org/abs/quant-ph/0602036.
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  13. P. Zeppinia, P. Cancio, G. Giusfredi, D. Mazzotti, A. Arie, G. Rosenman, and P. De Natale, "Generation of tunable green radiation in bulk periodically poled KTiOPO4," Opt. Lasers Eng. 37, 553-563 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2005 (2)

A. Dantan, A. Bramati, and M. Pinard, "Atomic quantum memory: cavity versus single-pass schemes," Phys. Rev. A 71, 043801 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. Le Targat, J.-J. Zondy, and P. Lemonde, "75%-efficiency blue generation from an intracavity PPKTP frequency doubler," Opt. Commun. 247, 471-481 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

A. Dantan and M. Pinard, "Quantum-state transfer between fields and atoms in electromagnetically induced transparency," Phys. Rev. A 69, 043810 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (2)

M. D. Lukin, "Colloquium: trapping and manipulating photon states in atomic ensembles," Rev. Mod. Phys. 75, 457-472 (2003).
[CrossRef]

F. T. Goudarzi and E. Riis, "Efficient cw high-power frequency doubling in periodically poled KTP," Opt. Commun. 227, 389-403 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

E. Jurdik, J. Hohlfeld, A. F. van Etteger, A. J. Toonen, W. L. Meerts, H. van Kempen, and T. Rasing, "Performance optimization of an external enhancement resonator for optical second-harmonic generation," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 1660-1667 (2002).
[CrossRef]

P. Zeppinia, P. Cancio, G. Giusfredi, D. Mazzotti, A. Arie, G. Rosenman, and P. De Natale, "Generation of tunable green radiation in bulk periodically poled KTiOPO4," Opt. Lasers Eng. 37, 553-563 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

1999 (1)

1997 (1)

A. Arie, G. Rosenman, V. Mahal, A. Skliar, M. Oron, M. Katz, and D. Eger, "Green and ultraviolet quasi-phasematched second harmonic generation in bulk periodically-poled KTP," Opt. Commun. 142, 265-268 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

1993 (1)

S. Bourzeix, M. D. Plimmer, F. Nez, L. Julien, and F. Biraben, "Efficient frequency doubling of a continuous wave titanium:sapphire laser in an external cavity," Opt. Commun. 99, 89-94 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

1991 (1)

1987 (1)

1983 (1)

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, "Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator," Appl. Phys. B 31, 97-105 (1983).
[CrossRef]

1968 (1)

G. D. Boyd and D. A. Kleinman, "Parametric interaction of focused Gaussian light beams," J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3597-3639 (1968).
[CrossRef]

1966 (1)

A. Ashkin, G. D. Boyd, and J. M. Dziendzic, "Resonant optical second harmonic generation and mixing," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 2, 109-124 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Arie, A.

P. Zeppinia, P. Cancio, G. Giusfredi, D. Mazzotti, A. Arie, G. Rosenman, and P. De Natale, "Generation of tunable green radiation in bulk periodically poled KTiOPO4," Opt. Lasers Eng. 37, 553-563 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Arie, G. Rosenman, V. Mahal, A. Skliar, M. Oron, M. Katz, and D. Eger, "Green and ultraviolet quasi-phasematched second harmonic generation in bulk periodically-poled KTP," Opt. Commun. 142, 265-268 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ashkin, A.

A. Ashkin, G. D. Boyd, and J. M. Dziendzic, "Resonant optical second harmonic generation and mixing," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 2, 109-124 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Bergeson, S. D.

Biaggio, I.

Biraben, F.

S. Bourzeix, M. D. Plimmer, F. Nez, L. Julien, and F. Biraben, "Efficient frequency doubling of a continuous wave titanium:sapphire laser in an external cavity," Opt. Commun. 99, 89-94 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Bourzeix, S.

S. Bourzeix, M. D. Plimmer, F. Nez, L. Julien, and F. Biraben, "Efficient frequency doubling of a continuous wave titanium:sapphire laser in an external cavity," Opt. Commun. 99, 89-94 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Boyd, G. D.

G. D. Boyd and D. A. Kleinman, "Parametric interaction of focused Gaussian light beams," J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3597-3639 (1968).
[CrossRef]

A. Ashkin, G. D. Boyd, and J. M. Dziendzic, "Resonant optical second harmonic generation and mixing," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 2, 109-124 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Bramati, A.

A. Dantan, A. Bramati, and M. Pinard, "Atomic quantum memory: cavity versus single-pass schemes," Phys. Rev. A 71, 043801 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Byer, R. L.

Cancio, P.

P. Zeppinia, P. Cancio, G. Giusfredi, D. Mazzotti, A. Arie, G. Rosenman, and P. De Natale, "Generation of tunable green radiation in bulk periodically poled KTiOPO4," Opt. Lasers Eng. 37, 553-563 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Dantan, A.

A. Dantan, A. Bramati, and M. Pinard, "Atomic quantum memory: cavity versus single-pass schemes," Phys. Rev. A 71, 043801 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Dantan and M. Pinard, "Quantum-state transfer between fields and atoms in electromagnetically induced transparency," Phys. Rev. A 69, 043810 (2004).
[CrossRef]

De Natale, P.

P. Zeppinia, P. Cancio, G. Giusfredi, D. Mazzotti, A. Arie, G. Rosenman, and P. De Natale, "Generation of tunable green radiation in bulk periodically poled KTiOPO4," Opt. Lasers Eng. 37, 553-563 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Douillet, A.

Drever, R. W. P.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, "Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator," Appl. Phys. B 31, 97-105 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Dziendzic, J. M.

A. Ashkin, G. D. Boyd, and J. M. Dziendzic, "Resonant optical second harmonic generation and mixing," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 2, 109-124 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Eckardt, R. C.

Eger, D.

A. Arie, G. Rosenman, V. Mahal, A. Skliar, M. Oron, M. Katz, and D. Eger, "Green and ultraviolet quasi-phasematched second harmonic generation in bulk periodically-poled KTP," Opt. Commun. 142, 265-268 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Fan, T. Y.

Fan, Y. X.

Feigelson, R. S.

Ford, G. M.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, "Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator," Appl. Phys. B 31, 97-105 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Furusawa, A.

S. Suzuki, H. Yonezawa, F. Kannari, M. Sasaki, and A. Furusawa, "7 dB quadrature squeezing at 860 nm with periodically-poled KTiOPO4," http://arxiv.org/abs/quant-ph/0602036.

Giusfredi, G.

P. Zeppinia, P. Cancio, G. Giusfredi, D. Mazzotti, A. Arie, G. Rosenman, and P. De Natale, "Generation of tunable green radiation in bulk periodically poled KTiOPO4," Opt. Lasers Eng. 37, 553-563 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Goudarzi, F. T.

F. T. Goudarzi and E. Riis, "Efficient cw high-power frequency doubling in periodically poled KTP," Opt. Commun. 227, 389-403 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Gunter, P.

Hall, J. L.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, "Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator," Appl. Phys. B 31, 97-105 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Hohlfeld, J.

Hough, J.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, "Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator," Appl. Phys. B 31, 97-105 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Hu, B. Q.

Huang, C. E.

Isaenko, L.

Julien, L.

S. Bourzeix, M. D. Plimmer, F. Nez, L. Julien, and F. Biraben, "Efficient frequency doubling of a continuous wave titanium:sapphire laser in an external cavity," Opt. Commun. 99, 89-94 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Jurdik, E.

Kannari, F.

S. Suzuki, H. Yonezawa, F. Kannari, M. Sasaki, and A. Furusawa, "7 dB quadrature squeezing at 860 nm with periodically-poled KTiOPO4," http://arxiv.org/abs/quant-ph/0602036.

Katz, M.

A. Arie, G. Rosenman, V. Mahal, A. Skliar, M. Oron, M. Katz, and D. Eger, "Green and ultraviolet quasi-phasematched second harmonic generation in bulk periodically-poled KTP," Opt. Commun. 142, 265-268 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kerkoc, P.

Kimble, H. J.

Kleinman, D. A.

G. D. Boyd and D. A. Kleinman, "Parametric interaction of focused Gaussian light beams," J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3597-3639 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Kowalski, F. V.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, "Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator," Appl. Phys. B 31, 97-105 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Le Targat, R.

R. Le Targat, J.-J. Zondy, and P. Lemonde, "75%-efficiency blue generation from an intracavity PPKTP frequency doubler," Opt. Commun. 247, 471-481 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lemonde, P.

R. Le Targat, J.-J. Zondy, and P. Lemonde, "75%-efficiency blue generation from an intracavity PPKTP frequency doubler," Opt. Commun. 247, 471-481 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lobanov, S.

Ludlow, A. D.

Lukin, M. D.

M. D. Lukin, "Colloquium: trapping and manipulating photon states in atomic ensembles," Rev. Mod. Phys. 75, 457-472 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Mabuchi, H.

Mahal, V.

A. Arie, G. Rosenman, V. Mahal, A. Skliar, M. Oron, M. Katz, and D. Eger, "Green and ultraviolet quasi-phasematched second harmonic generation in bulk periodically-poled KTP," Opt. Commun. 142, 265-268 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Mazzotti, D.

P. Zeppinia, P. Cancio, G. Giusfredi, D. Mazzotti, A. Arie, G. Rosenman, and P. De Natale, "Generation of tunable green radiation in bulk periodically poled KTiOPO4," Opt. Lasers Eng. 37, 553-563 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Meerts, W. L.

Munley, A. J.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, "Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator," Appl. Phys. B 31, 97-105 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Nelson, H. M.

Nez, F.

S. Bourzeix, M. D. Plimmer, F. Nez, L. Julien, and F. Biraben, "Efficient frequency doubling of a continuous wave titanium:sapphire laser in an external cavity," Opt. Commun. 99, 89-94 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Oron, M.

A. Arie, G. Rosenman, V. Mahal, A. Skliar, M. Oron, M. Katz, and D. Eger, "Green and ultraviolet quasi-phasematched second harmonic generation in bulk periodically-poled KTP," Opt. Commun. 142, 265-268 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Pinard, M.

A. Dantan, A. Bramati, and M. Pinard, "Atomic quantum memory: cavity versus single-pass schemes," Phys. Rev. A 71, 043801 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Dantan and M. Pinard, "Quantum-state transfer between fields and atoms in electromagnetically induced transparency," Phys. Rev. A 69, 043810 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Plimmer, M. D.

S. Bourzeix, M. D. Plimmer, F. Nez, L. Julien, and F. Biraben, "Efficient frequency doubling of a continuous wave titanium:sapphire laser in an external cavity," Opt. Commun. 99, 89-94 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Polzik, E. S.

Rasing, T.

Riis, E.

F. T. Goudarzi and E. Riis, "Efficient cw high-power frequency doubling in periodically poled KTP," Opt. Commun. 227, 389-403 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Rosenman, G.

P. Zeppinia, P. Cancio, G. Giusfredi, D. Mazzotti, A. Arie, G. Rosenman, and P. De Natale, "Generation of tunable green radiation in bulk periodically poled KTiOPO4," Opt. Lasers Eng. 37, 553-563 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Arie, G. Rosenman, V. Mahal, A. Skliar, M. Oron, M. Katz, and D. Eger, "Green and ultraviolet quasi-phasematched second harmonic generation in bulk periodically-poled KTP," Opt. Commun. 142, 265-268 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Sasaki, M.

S. Suzuki, H. Yonezawa, F. Kannari, M. Sasaki, and A. Furusawa, "7 dB quadrature squeezing at 860 nm with periodically-poled KTiOPO4," http://arxiv.org/abs/quant-ph/0602036.

Skliar, A.

A. Arie, G. Rosenman, V. Mahal, A. Skliar, M. Oron, M. Katz, and D. Eger, "Green and ultraviolet quasi-phasematched second harmonic generation in bulk periodically-poled KTP," Opt. Commun. 142, 265-268 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, S.

S. Suzuki, H. Yonezawa, F. Kannari, M. Sasaki, and A. Furusawa, "7 dB quadrature squeezing at 860 nm with periodically-poled KTiOPO4," http://arxiv.org/abs/quant-ph/0602036.

Toonen, A. J.

van Etteger, A. F.

van Kempen, H.

Ward, H.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, "Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator," Appl. Phys. B 31, 97-105 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Wu, L.-S.

Yelisseyev, A.

Yonezawa, H.

S. Suzuki, H. Yonezawa, F. Kannari, M. Sasaki, and A. Furusawa, "7 dB quadrature squeezing at 860 nm with periodically-poled KTiOPO4," http://arxiv.org/abs/quant-ph/0602036.

Zeppinia, P.

P. Zeppinia, P. Cancio, G. Giusfredi, D. Mazzotti, A. Arie, G. Rosenman, and P. De Natale, "Generation of tunable green radiation in bulk periodically poled KTiOPO4," Opt. Lasers Eng. 37, 553-563 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zondy, J.-J.

Zysset, B.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, "Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator," Appl. Phys. B 31, 97-105 (1983).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

A. Ashkin, G. D. Boyd, and J. M. Dziendzic, "Resonant optical second harmonic generation and mixing," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 2, 109-124 (1966).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

G. D. Boyd and D. A. Kleinman, "Parametric interaction of focused Gaussian light beams," J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3597-3639 (1968).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (5)

Opt. Commun. (4)

R. Le Targat, J.-J. Zondy, and P. Lemonde, "75%-efficiency blue generation from an intracavity PPKTP frequency doubler," Opt. Commun. 247, 471-481 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Bourzeix, M. D. Plimmer, F. Nez, L. Julien, and F. Biraben, "Efficient frequency doubling of a continuous wave titanium:sapphire laser in an external cavity," Opt. Commun. 99, 89-94 (1993).
[CrossRef]

A. Arie, G. Rosenman, V. Mahal, A. Skliar, M. Oron, M. Katz, and D. Eger, "Green and ultraviolet quasi-phasematched second harmonic generation in bulk periodically-poled KTP," Opt. Commun. 142, 265-268 (1997).
[CrossRef]

F. T. Goudarzi and E. Riis, "Efficient cw high-power frequency doubling in periodically poled KTP," Opt. Commun. 227, 389-403 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lasers Eng. (1)

P. Zeppinia, P. Cancio, G. Giusfredi, D. Mazzotti, A. Arie, G. Rosenman, and P. De Natale, "Generation of tunable green radiation in bulk periodically poled KTiOPO4," Opt. Lasers Eng. 37, 553-563 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. A (2)

A. Dantan and M. Pinard, "Quantum-state transfer between fields and atoms in electromagnetically induced transparency," Phys. Rev. A 69, 043810 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Dantan, A. Bramati, and M. Pinard, "Atomic quantum memory: cavity versus single-pass schemes," Phys. Rev. A 71, 043801 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

M. D. Lukin, "Colloquium: trapping and manipulating photon states in atomic ensembles," Rev. Mod. Phys. 75, 457-472 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

Raicol Crystals Ltd, see http://www.raicol.com.

S. Suzuki, H. Yonezawa, F. Kannari, M. Sasaki, and A. Furusawa, "7 dB quadrature squeezing at 860 nm with periodically-poled KTiOPO4," http://arxiv.org/abs/quant-ph/0602036.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the experimental setup: the IR pump beam is provided by a cw single-mode Ti:Sa laser protected from backreflection by a Faraday isolator (FI) and is sent to the doubler after having been matched to the cavity mode by two lenses in a telescopic arrangement. The doubler consists of a singly resonant bow-tie ring cavity, with the PPKTP crystal placed at the waist between the curved mirrors. An electro-optical modulator (EOM) provides the modulation of the pump beam necessary to lock the cavity to the TEM 00 mode by the Pound–Drever–Hall method.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Single-pass SH power P 2 as a function of the square of the IR power P 1 2 . Dots: experimental data; line: best fit with P 2 = E NL P 1 2 , giving E NL = 1.76 % W . The waist size in the crystal is w c ( 1 ) = 57 μ m .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

SH power P 2 as a function of the mode-matched pump power P 1 . Dots: experimental data; curve: theoretical model.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

SH power P 2 as a function of the square of the circulating intracavity power P c . Dots: experimental data; line: theoretical model.

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

S = P c P 1 = T [ 1 ( 1 T ) ( 1 L ) ( 1 Γ P c ) ] 2 ,
E NL = 4 ω 2 d eff 2 L C ϵ 0 c 3 λ 1 n 1 n 2 h ( α , ξ , σ ) exp [ ( α 1 + α 2 2 ) L C ] ,
h ( α , ξ , σ ) = 1 2 ξ ξ 2 + ξ 2 d τ d τ exp [ α ( τ + τ + ξ ) i σ ( τ τ ) ] ( 1 + i τ ) ( 1 i τ ) ,
T opt = L 2 + ( L 2 ) 2 + Γ P 1 .
η [ 2 1 T ( 2 L Γ η P 1 E NL ) ] 2 4 T E NL P 1 = 0 ,

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